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ITHACA, N. Y. 14583 


Cornell University Library 
PA 2365 .E5A62 

A Latln-Enalish and Enailsh-Latin dictio 

3 1924 021 621 408 

The original of tliis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 




lis Wuk is lilEiiriitBli, 







While my octavo Latin-English Dictionary has met the ordinary want 
of Colleges and Schools, there has. still been a call for a more copious 
work of the same kind as a- book of reference in libraries, and for the con- 
venience of advanced students who do not shrink from the purchase of a 
large and costly volume. At the same time, it has appeared desirable to 
transfer to our language the substance of two critical and elaborate Latin- 
German Dictionaries by Dr. William Freund, in which Latin Lexicog- 
raphy has been carried to a high degree of perfection. These considera- 
tions have led me to undertake the task of publishing the Lexicon which 
is now presented to the reader. 

The Dictionaries of Dr. Freund are : 1. Worterbitch der Lateinischen 
Sprache, nach historisch-genetischen Principien, mit steter Beriicksichti- 
gung der Grammatik, Synonymik, und Alterthumskunde, 4 Bande, 8vo ; 
and, 2. Gesammtworterbuch der Lateinischen Sprache ; enthaltend 
sowohl sammtliche Worter der alt-Lateinischen Sprache bis zum Unter- 
gange des westrbmischen Reiches, mit Einschluss der Eigennamen, als 
auch die wichtigsten mittel- und neu-Lateinischen Worter, nam.entlich die 
in die neueren Europaischen Sprachen iibergegangenen, so wie die Latein- 
ischen und Latinisirten Kunstausdriicke der Medizin, Chirurgie, Anatomic, 
Chemie, Zoologie, Botanik, u.s.w. ; mit durchgangiger Unterscheidung 
der klassischen von der umklassischen Ausdrucksweise, und mit vorziig- 
licher Beriicksichtigung der Ciceronianischen Phraseologie, 2 Baiide, 8vo. 
I had no difficulty in making choice of the Gesammtworterbuch (Con- 
densed Dictionary) as the foundation of my labors, in decided preference 
to the more voluminous Worterbuch. By an admirable system of com- 
pression, without material abridgment, the substance of the larger work 
is given or represented in the smaller ; while the latter not only contains 
the results of more mature consideration, but is also enriched with addi- 


tional matter, and recommended by other advantageous features peculiar 
to itself. In particular, this work has had the benefit of an extensive 
revision by the author, which has led to the remodelling of many im- 
portant articles ; it also contains a whole class of medical and other sci- 
entific terms not to be found in the former, and includes a comparison of 
the Itahan and French languages with the Latin of various ages. The 
excellence of these Dictionaries, especially ■ of the Gesammtworterbuch, 
consists in — careful philological criticism, embracing an accurate discrim- 
ination of the age and quality of words and meanings (Classical prose. 
Poetical, Ante- and Post-classical, &c.) — an admirable arrangement of 
phrases — a very minute and thorough application of a system already 
adopted by earlier Lexicographers for the classification of meanings (which, 
it may be observed, are here divided and subdivided, not only into Prop- 
er and Figurative (metaphorical), but into Proper and Metonymical, or 
Proper, Metonymical, and Figurative, and also into General and Special) 
— and the addition of many new words and phrases from the most recent 
researches of philologists. 

In preparing this volume, I have found occasion for more labor than I 
at first expected. This labor has consisted partly in the editorial task of 
supplying manifest omissions, and correcting many thousand misprints 
which are scattered over the whole surface of the Gesammtworterbuch, 
and partly in carrying out the plan and extending the substance of the work 
itself, sometimes from Freund's larger Dictionary, and sometimes from in- 
dependent sources. In the department of medical and other scientific 
terminology I have thought it right to explain the Latin words, rather 
than to give merely verbal renderings ; for which purpose I have availed 
myself of information contained in several of our standard works, more 
especially Hooper's Medical Dictionary, and the Pentaglott Diction- 
ary of Dr. Shirley Palmer. In Botany I have derived assistance from 
Loudon's Encyclopadia of Plants. 

In some of the earlier stages of the work I have been assisted by Dr. 
Werner, of Cheltenham, and W. FradersdoriT, Esq., of the Taylor Insti- 
tute, Oxford. 

J. E. Riddle. 

Lbckhaufton, near Cheltenhau, ) 
Jbtw 18, 1849. i 


The work herewith presented to the public is mainly an abridgment 
of Mr. Riddle's translation of Dr. Freund's " Gesammtworterbuch der 
Lateinischen Sprache," and is designed to supply a deficiency that has 
long existed in our educational books for younger students of the Latin 
language. The editor has been repeatedly requested to prepare a work 
which, not much exceeding in size the various abridgments of Ainsworth, 
should contain, briefly stated, the results of the valuable contributions to 
Latin philology by distinguished European scholars within the last few 
years. In undertaking this task, the editor selected as the basis of his 
work, after comparison with other similar Lexicons, believing it to be, 
upon the whole, the best that had yet appeared, Dr. Freund's smaller 
Lexicon, a work marked throughout by accurate scholarship, philosophical 
analysis, and sound principles of criticism. Since this work, however, 
included authors never read in our schools or colleges, and was too copi- 
ous in quotations of illustrative passages from classic writers, it was nec- 
essary to abridge it, in order to adapt it to school use. The editor con- 
ceives that a good school dictionary should contain : 1 . All the words that 
occur in the authors read in schools and academies, with full definitions 
and explanations, each class of sigmfications being supported by at least 
one brief and apposite quotation from some classic author. 2. The ety- 
mologies of the words introduced, with occasional comparisons with 
kindred roots in cognate languages, when such analogies are striking ; 
all fanciful derivations and far-fetched analogies to be excluded ; and, 3. 
The proper names that occur in the same authors, with their derivative 
adjectives, &c., accompanied by brief explanations. 

In carrying out this design the editor has been careful to throw out no 
word which occurs in any author of good repute, which a student will ever 
read in his academic or in the greater part of his collegiate career. Nor 


has the editor confined himself to the work of abridgment ; while the 
historical and other divisions of the airticles, with the selections of the 
examples, are from Freund, he has, where it was thought the matter 
might be improved, made additions from other sources, and sometimes has 
remodelled 1a. whole article. In this part of the work the main authorities 
have been Bailey's Facciolati, Gesner's Latin Thesaurus, Riddle's trans- 
lation of Scheller (folio), Georges's Lateinisch-Deutsohes Worterbuoh, 
Klotz's Lateinisch-Deutsches Worterbuoh (as far as published), Miihl- 
mann, and Karcher. In the etymological portion more has been done, 
as Freund gives scanty information on this point, and introduces no anal- 
ogies from kindred languages ; the derivations and analogies have been 
drawn from the most recent and reliable works in this department, such 
as Pott, Benfey, Schwenck, Bopp, Eichhoff, Donaldson, Chauvee, etc., etc. ; 
among others, use has been made of Kaltschmidt's School Dictionary, 
published in Chambers's classical series ; but cautiously, as Kaltschmidt 
very frequently introduces doubtful etymons and fanciful analogies to sup- 
port his theory of the language, or assigns significations not justified by 
classic usage, to correspond with the asauraed derivations, while, for an 
elementary work, too large a space is assigned to these in comparison 
with the extent of the work. 

The second part is mainly a reprint of the English-Latin Dictionary of 
Kaltschmidt, with some few omissions of unnecessary or obsolete words, 
and some few alterations and corrections. The student who desires to 
pursue Latin composition to any extent will, of course, procure the valu- 
able Lexicon of Eiddle and Arnold, republished by Harper and Brothers, 
under the supervision of the editor of the present work. 

The entire work is the result of the joint labors of the editor and his 
friend and colleague, Professor Drisler. The correction of the proofs has 
been greatly facilitated by the valuable aid of W. H. Wilson, Esq., one 
of the classical instructors in the Grammar School of the College, on whose 
care and accuracy the fullest reliance may be placed. 

C. Anthon. 

Columbia College, May, 1852. 


I^ tfae examples the word of the article is rep- 
reaented by* merely its iiiitial letter, with' the note 
of contraction ; except when the inflection la such 
88 to require that the word be printed at length 
for the sake bf perBpicUity. 

Prop, denotes Properly, in a proper, sense. 
Met. or Melon. — MetonymicaUy. 
Pig. — Figuratively (by way of metaphor). 
Gen.~~Oenerally, in some general sense or senses. 
Esp.—JEspeciallyf in some special sense or senses^ 

Are abridged [at the shortest) according to the following Table. 


A. Her. Auctor ad Keren- 


Att. Attlus (Acclus). 

Auct;. B. Af^. Auctor BeUi AM- 

Auct ^. IJisp. Aiuctor Belli His- 
Aurelius Victor. 
Rhetorical Writings. 
de inventione. 
de oratore. 

OratoilsB partitiones. 
de opdmdgetaere ora- 
2, Orations. 
pro P, Quintio. 
R. Aio. pro nioscio Amerino. 
R. Com. pro Roscio Conscedo. 
DL C. Ilivinatio in Cascili- 
iu Verrem. 
pro M. TulHo. 
pro M. Fonteio. 
pro A. Ctecina. 
de imperio Pompeii 
(fir pro legeMa- 
Cluent pro Cluentio Ayito. 
Agrl ' de lege agraria. 
R, perd. pro Rabirip perduel- 
lionia reo. 
pro L! Murena.1 
pro L. Fjlacco. 
pro ^uUa^ 
pro Archiia poSta. 
pro Plnncio. 
pro Sjest^^ 
m VatiiiiuQi. 
pro jEmilia Scauro. 
pro" ftl. CcbHo. 
de prbvinciis conBu< 



A. Vict. 







O. Gen 


de I. P. 











P. C. 

Cic. Cicero. 

Balb. pro Cornelio Balbo. 

Pis. in Pisonem. 

Mil. pro Milone. 

R. Post pro Rabirio Poatumo. 





pro Ligario. 
pro rege Deiotaro. 
Orationes Philippicro. 
3. Letters. 

EpistolsB ad Famili- 
' area. 
EpistolsQ ad Quintum 

Epislolaa ad Atticum. 

4. Philosophical Writings. 

Ac. Academica. 

Fin. de finibus bonorum 

' etmalorum. 
Dieputationes Tuscu- 

de re publica. 
de legibus. 
de natura deorum. 
de divinatione. 
de fato. 

de Sen. deSenectute((?rCato 
Lffilius {or de amici- 

de officii s. 

de universo (fir Ti- 
5. Fragments. 
T. Gaius. 

Bellura Gallicum. 
Q. Horatiiis Flac- 

Liviua Androni- 
Leg. XII. Tab. Leges duodecim 





















B. G, 

L. Andr. 

T. Liviua Patavi- 

nus. ' 



Cornelius Nepos, 
P. Ovidiua Naeo. 
Persia 3. 

T.Macciua Plautua 
C. Flinius Secun- 


cundi Epistolaa. 
Quintua Cicero de 

petitione consu- 

M. Fabius Quia- 

C. Sallustius Cris- 

M- AnuEeus Sene- 
L. A nn seus Seneca. 
C. Silius Italicus. 
P. Papiniua Sta- 
P. Terentius. 
M. Terentius Var- 

C. Velleius Pater- 

C. Valerius Flac- 

P. Virgilius Maro. 
M. Vitruvius Pol* 

M. Valerius Maxi- 


Classical Prose Writers. 
Cicero, Cieear, Sallust Livy, 
Velleius, Celaus. the two Sene- 
cas, Quintilian. Tacitus, Suetoni- 
us, Pliny the Elder, and Pliny the 














Plin. E. 

a Cic. Pet. 

















240 Livius AndronicuB (exhibits the first Play at 

235 Cn. Nftvius. 
212 Q. Fabius Pictor. 
204 li^viMB banished from Rome. 
201 Cato the Censor, 

Ennius. Flautue. 
184 Death of Plautus. 
166 Terentius. 
149 Pacuvius. Attiua. 
133 Afraniua. 
130 Lucilius. 

77 Lucretius. 

64 Tereotius Varro. 

63 M. TuUius Cicero. 

48 C. Valerius Catullua. 

44 Sallustius. Comeliua Nepos-f HirtiuB. 
[31 Ceeaar Octavianua Augustus.] 

[AuGtJSTAN Age.] 28 Virgilius. 


1 TibuUuB. Propertiua. 


Livius. Trogus Pom- 

Q. Curtins Rufus (.ac- 
cording to Hirt. and 
Zumpt. See A.D. 41, 
69, 193). 


Rutilius Lupus. 
12 TAe Fasti Capitolini Mid 

(Name qfreigning Emperor.) 

Claudius Tiberiua 14 Monumentum Ancyra- 
Nero. num. 

15 M. Anna3U3 Seneca. 
Velleius Paterculus. Va- 
lerius Maximus. 
T. PhBBdrus (Phffider, 
37 Corneliua Celsus. 

Gaius CEesar Calig- 
Tiberius Claudius. 

Nero Claudius Cse- 

41 Pomponius Mela. 

L. Junius Moderatus 

Scrlbonius Largus. 

Aaconius Pedianus. 

Q. Curtius Rufus (ac- 
cording to St. Croiu 
See A.D. 69, 193). 

Q. Rbemnius Fannius 
54 L. Annoeua Seneca. 

Persiua. Lucanua. Si- 
lius Italicua. 

Petronius Arbiter (ac- 
cording to the usual 
belief. See A.D. 222). 

{Name of reigning Emperor.) 

T.FlaTiuB Vespaai 

T. Flaviue Domiti- 

M. UlpiuB Traja- 

Pliniua Major. 
Q. Curtius Rufus (ae- 
cording to Biutmann), 
Valerius Flaccus. 
81 Papiniua Statius. 
Dec. Junius Juvenalia. 
M. Valerius Marlialis. 
Terentianua Maurus (as 
generally supposed. 
See 260). 
M. Fabius Qointilianua. 
98 Tacitus. 

Suetonius Tranquillua, 
L. FloniB. 
Plinius SecunduB. 
Javolenua Priscua. 
T. .filius HadrianuB. 138 S. Pomponius. 
AntoniuB Pius. Gaius. 

A. Gellius. 
M. AureliuB Ante- 161 Appuleios. 
ninus Philoao* 
SeptimiuB Seve- 193 Domitiua UlpianuB. 
rua. Jaliua PauUus. 

Q. Septimius Florens 

Q. Curtius Rufng (ac- 
cording to Niebuhr). 
M. AureliuB Seve- 222 Petronius Arbiter (ao- 
rua Alexander. cording to Niebuhr). 

Cceliua Apicius (cook- 
M. Minucins Felix. 
Thascius CacUius Q/- 
L. Licinina Gallie- 260 Terentianus Maurus (oc- 
nus. cording to Niebuhr). 


L. OeczUus Lactantius 
C. Flaviua Valerius 306 

350 Hilarius Piciaviensis. 
358 S. Aureliua Victor. 
361 Flaviua Eutropiua. 
Ammianus Marcellinus. 
Ambrosius Josvppus. 
379 Anrelius Avgustinus. 
409 CoBlius Aurelianus (pfty- 

438 Codex Theodosianua. 

Flavius Claudius Jn- 
Ilanua (the Apos- 

[Alaric in Rome.] 

(Theodoric, King of 
the Ostrogoths, 493.) 


510 Priscianus Grammati- 

527 Corpus Juria Justinia- 

neum (528-534). 

* Extracted from F. Passow'o Grundjuge der Oriechitc/un luid Romischen hiteratitr- tmd Kuwutge^chichie, 

t The oge ofllie work tliatgoe^ under Ina name ia disputed. ^ Nnmes in Italics ftro tlioae ofChrvtian writeis. 



metical compulation, a play-board, counting-ta- 
lie, or tray, Sueton., Pers. IV. A) In Archi- 
tecture; plinth, a flat, square stone on the top 
of a column, immediately under the architrave, Vitr. 

B) A pan e I, or square compartment in a wall or 

ceiling of glass or marble, Vitr. 

iBALlENITIO, onia,/. A formal alienation 
or legal transfer of property, Cic. : from 

XB-iLiENO, 1 V. a. To make strange; hence, to 
remove, separate, l. Prop. A) Gen. : a tali viro 
nbalienari, Plaut. : a. tabulas, plcturas, to dispose 
of Id. B) In Law ; to give another legal posses- 
sion of a piece of property, to transfer, Cic. 

lI.Fig. : To alienate, render disaffected; with 
ab, or absot., rarely with a simple abt, Cic. : aba- 
lienati jure civium, deprived of the rights of citizens, 
disfranchised. Liv. 

aBANTeUS, a, um (Abas). Of or belonging 
to Abas, king of Argos, Ov. 

aBANTIIDeS, ee. m. ("AiSaj/TmSTjy). Son or de- 
scendant of Abas, e. g. Acrisins,OY.\ hisgreat- 
grandson, Perseus, Id. 

IBAS, antis, m. ("AjSas). Abas. 1. SonofLyn- 
ceus, grandson of Danaus, king of Argos, Hyg. 2. 
A centaur, Ov. 3. A companion of Diomede, Ov. 4. 
A companion of Mneas, Virg. 5. A Tuscan prince, 

JCB-JCVUS, i, nt. (avuB, avus). A great-great- 
grandfather, Cic. 

AB B A, as, /. Abba, a tonm. in Africa, Liv. 

ABBASSUS.i,/. Abbassus, a town in Phrygia 
Major, Liv. 

ABDALONIMUS {also Abdaldnym. and Abdol.), 
\,m. Abdalonimus, king of Sidon, Curt 

ABDeRA, «, /., also 5rum. n., Liv. 45. 39 CA/3- 
iTjpa). Abdera, a city of Thrace, noted for the stu^ 
pidity of its inhabitants, Cic. 

ABDeRiTA and ABDeRiTES, m, m. CA^S-qpi- 
Ti)s). -^n inhabitant of Abdera, Abderite, Cic. 

ABDeRiTaNUS, a, um (Abderita). Of A b- 
dera, A. plebs, Mart. 

ABDERiTiCUS, a, um. Ab d eritish ; only in 
Greeic 'A^Stjoltikov, foolish, stupid, Cic. 

ABD3ECaTI0, onis, /. I. Renunciation of an 
office, abdication, a. dictaturae, Liv. II. Re- 
pudiation of a son, disinheriting. Quint. 

AB-DICO, 1 V. a, 1. To say that something does 
not belong to one, to renounce a thing, a. patrem, 
Curt. II. A. se alqa re, to renounce an of- 
fice, to resign, abdicate, a. se pr»tur&, Cic: — 
a. Be dictaturi, Cai8. Absol. : ut abdicarent consu- 
les. With ace. : a. dictaturam, Liv. : — hence, Pas- 
sive, abdicato magistratu, Sail. Fig. : to give up, 
Cic. ; to reject, a. legem agrariam, Plin. ; a. aurum 

in totum e vita, to withdraw, Id. B. As a legal 

term : a. fillum, liberos, &c., to renounce so?is or 
children, to disinherit, Quint. 

AB-DiCO, xi, ctum, 3 v. a. I, In the language 
of Augurs, of unfavorable omens ; not to approve, 

to disapprove, quumavesabdixissent, Cic. 

11. In judicial language, a. alqd ab alqo, to abju- 
dicate, Liv. 

ABDITE, adv. Secretly, tt. latere, Cic. 

ABDITUS, a, um. I. Part, o/abdo. II. Adj. 

Hidden, concealed, secret, Cic: — as Subst. 
Abdita teiras, Lucr. ; abdita rerum, i. q. abditte res, 
Hor. :— in obdito, in concealment, Plin. 

AB-DO, Idi, itum, 3 v. a. (To give away : hcjtc-e), 
I. To put qway, remove^ copim pauhim ab co 

loco abditse, removed, Cffis.: a. se in Menapios, (o 
depart. Id. : a. alqm in inaulam, to banish to an ial' 

and, Tac II. A) Meton. (with the subordinate 

idea of concealment): a. se, 1) To withdraw 
himself secretly, to retire. With in c. ace ; 
only in part, pf, also with in c. abl. : sese in silvas 
abdiderunt, Caes. 2) Fig.: To bury on/s self 
(in retirement) ; a. se totum in literas, Cic. ; abdo 

me in bibliothecam. B) Gen.: To hide, coiu 

ceal, keep secret, Cic; abditi in tabernaculis, 
concealed, Cass. : — c. dat. : lateri a. ensem, to thrust 
in deeply, to bury, Virg. 

ABDOMEN, inis, n. (of. omentum). The fat loo- 
er part of the belly, paunch, Plaut.: natus ab- 
domini, bom and living o-nly for his belly, Lea 

ABDtJCO, xi, ctum, 3 v. a, 1. To lead or escort 
one away from one place to another, to take or bring 
with one, Plaut., Ov. — ■ II. Meton^witkoiU pre- 
dominance of the idea of conduct or escort):' To 

carry off or away, to take away. A) Prop.: 

Cic. ; a. collegam per vim a foro, Liv. ; also al- 
qm de foro, Id. and alqm e foro. Of things : Cic_; 
a. capita retro ab ictu, to draw back from, tcade, 
Virg. ; a. clavem, to remove, Plaut. ; a. potionem, 
to drink off, Scrib. Bj Fig. 1) Gen.: To sep- 
arate, distinguish, -withdraw, animum a eor- 
pore abducimus, to abstract, Cic. 2) £sp. a) From 
a study, pursuit, diay, or the like, to withdraw, 
to draw off, to hinder, a studie abduci, Cic. ; 
animum ab omni rei publico cura, Id. b) To 
alienate, to seduce, J'rom fidelity or allegiance, 
abducere exercitum, Cic c) To bring dovmfram 
a high to a low rank, to degrade, a religionia 
auctoritate abducere ad quuestum, Cic. 

ABDUCTUS, a, um, parL of abduco. 

iBELLA or aVELLA, te, /. AbeUa, a toicn 
of Campania, Virg. 

IBELLaNUS or aVELLaNUS. a, um (Abella). 
Of or belonging to Abella, A. nux, called 
also Abellina nux, Plin. Subst. Abeliani, orum, m., 
inhabitants of Abella, Just. 

aB-eO, ivi or ii, itum, ire, v. n. To go away, 
depart. I. Prop. A) Gen,: abiit (Catilina), Cic. 
Cat. : excedant atque abeant, Liv. ; quo diversua 
abis ? whither do you go out of the way ? Virg. ; a, 
ex conspectu, to get out of sight, Ca;s. ; to wiihdraa 
from public view. Sail. ; a. exiilatum, to go into ex- 
ile^ Liv. : a. ambulatum, to go walking, Ter. ; sub 

altum pectus abit, penetrates deeply, Virg. B) Esp. ' 

1) To pass away, to disappear, to cease, 
Cato sic abiit e vita, ut, &c., Cic. ; abeunt fructos 
prsediorum in c. ace. are squandered or lavished. 2) 
To change front one nature into another, to be trans- 
formed or metamorphosed, in villos abeunt vestea, 

Ov. n. Fig. A) Gen.: To depart from, to 

leave off. a) Personal: ut ab jure non abeat, 
Cic ; sed abeo a sensibus, leave, L e. speafe no more 
of, Id, ; abiens magistratu, departing from office, 
laying it down, Liv. ; non longe abieria, you netd 
not go far, namely, to seek for examples ; quid ad 
istas ineptias abis? why do you have recourse tof 
-—vide, quo indicium meum abeat, whither it tends, 
Sen. j8) Impersotial : non incepto abiretur, Liv. 
— B. Esp. 1) Of a consequence or result; to go 
or come off: of things; to turn out, Cic: 
integri abeunt, cotm off unhjirt, SalL 2) MercaniiU 
t. t. a) To escape, slip away, not to bt 
knocked down to one (at an awaion), fi rrs 

abiret ab eo mancipe, Cic. b) Of pribe ; to fall, 
pretium retro abiit, Plin. 3) A. in malara crucem, 
to go and he hung, Plaut ; Ter. 4) Imp. x abi, he- 
gone ! you may go ! Plaut. ; Ter. 

XBERRaTIO, onis, /. A withdrawing or 
diverting the mind from trouble ; dissipa- 
tion of gj-ief, aberrationem amolestiis, Cic. ; banc 
aberrationem a dolore, this mode of diverting my 
thoughts from a painful subject, Cic. : from 

J(B-ERRO, Id. w. To wander from the way, 
to go astray, to lose one's way, I. Prop.: 
puer aberravit a patre, Plaut. ; a. ex agmine, Liv. 

II. Fig. A) To miss, fail, to wander 

from, a. a norma, regula, Cic; a. non multura 
ab alcjs levitate, to be not far removed from, to differ 
little from : also without ab : aberrate conjecturA. 
B) To get away from any thijig disagreea- 
ble, to divert the mind or attention, sed 
tamen aberro, my attention is diverted, Cic. 

ABFORE, i. q. abfuturum esse. Sec Absum. 

ABFOREM, i. q. abessem. See Absum. 

AB-HINC, adv. I. Hence, aufer a. lacrimas, 

Lucr. II. From a certain time (of time 

past), since, ago; with ace. or abl. and num. car- 
din., queestor fuisti abhinc annoa quatuordecim, 
Cic. 2) (Of future time) Hence, hereafter, Pac. 
ap. Char. 

XB-HORR£0, fii (too supine), 2 v. n. and a. To 
shrink back from any thing, to shudder at, 
abhor. I. Prop.: omnea abhorrebant, omnes ut 

aliquam immanem beatiam fugiebant, Cic. IT. 

Meton. Gen. A) To be disinclined, or averse 
to, to shrink from ; usually with ab : a. ab re 
uxoria, Ter. j a. a caede, Cic. ; animus abborret 
a scribendo. — B) To be remote from, to disa- 
gree, not to suit, ab ista suspjcione abhorrere, 
to be free from tliat suspicion ; to be out of suspicion, 
Cic. : a. a fide, to be incredihle, Liv. : omne quod 
abhorret ab oculorum approbatione, that is offens- 
ive to the eye. With dot. : alii talibus vitiis abhor- 
reant, may be disinclined to ; tam pacatse profecti- 
oni abhorrens mos, not accordant with, Liv. Ab- 
sol. : sin plane abhorrebit, shall be utterly unfit, Cic. : 
— abborrentea lacrimse, miseasonable, unbecoming, 

JCBfEGNUS, a, um [trisyll. abjegnus, Prop.] 
(abies). Made of the wood of the fir-tree 
(dml), a. trabes, a ship, Enn.-: a. equiia, the wooden 
horse {at Troy), Prop. 

IBIENS, abeuntia, part, o/abeo. 

IBIeS, etia,/. L The white fir-tree, VWn., 
Ov. — 11. Melon. : Any thing made of the wood 
of that tree; a letter {written on a wooden tablet), 
Plaut ; a skip, Virg. ; a lance, Id. 

iBlGA, 8B, /. (abigo), called also cham<^itys, 
ground-pine, St. John's-wort, Plin. 

iB-IGO, egi^ actum, 3 v. a. (ago). To drive 

away. I. Prop. A) Puer abige muacas, Cic. B) 

Esp. 1) To drive away cattle thievishly, to steal 
cattle, pecus abegerunt, Cic. ; a. greges. Id. 2) Ab. 
partum, foetum, to procure abortion, raedicaraentis, 
Cic: a. conceptum a ee, Suet. 3) To divorce 
or put away a wife, Agrippinam abegisae post 

divortium doluit, Suet. IL Fig.: To drive 

away {an evil), get rid of, a- pestem alqo, 
Enn. ; a. curas, Hor. 

ABITt'O, onis,/. (abeo). A going away, de- 
parture, Plaut., Ter. 

IBITO, Sre, v. n. (beto). To go away, Plaut. 


iBITUS, Qs, m. (abeo). A going away, de. 
parture. I- Prop.: post abitum bujus peetia, Cic. 

IL Melon,: A place of egress, Virg. :— pi., 

vehicula sepserant abitus, egresses, Tac. 

ABJECTE, adH. L Dispiritedly, Cic. 

IL Low, meanly, quo abjectius nati sunt, Tac. 

ABJECTIO, onis,/. (abjicio). A thr owing 
away. I. Prop. ; figurarum abjectio, rtjection. 

Quint. n. Fig.: Dejection, despondency, 

abjectio animi, Cic. 

ABJECTUS, n, um. L Part, o/ abjicio. IL 

Adj. A) Spiritless, desponding, animo abjec- 

to, Cic. B. Low, mean, abject, of Loose char' 

acter, nihil abjectura cogitare, Cic. 

AB-JICIO, jeci, jectum, 3 v. a. (jacio). To 
cast or throw away or down. I. Prop., armis 
defatigatione abjectis, Cic. ; abjecto scuto ; a. se ad 
pedes alcui, to throw one's self at any body's feet, 
to fall dowii at his feu ; se abjecit exanimatus,/eii 
down as dead. • 11. Fig. A) Oen.: To throw 

away, give up, banc miserrimam vitara vol sua- 
tentabo, vel abjecero, give up, Cic, ; a. salutem 
suam pro alqo, to sacrifice one's own interests for 
any body; a. omnem cunctationem ; a. versum, 
a. eenarioa, to recite carelessly. — B) Esp. 1) To let 
go, not to bestow thought or pains upon, abjicia- 
mus ista, Cic; a. memorlam beneficiorum ; fa- 
ma ingenii ^bjicienda, to be renounced ; domum 
Sullanam non abjeci, have not altogether given up. 
2) a) To humble., lower, degrade, animantes 
abjecisset ad pastum, Cic. ; a. suas cogitationes in 
rem humilem ; senatus auctorltatem abjecit, low- 
ered the credit of tlie Setiate. Hence, b) A. se, to de- 
grade one's self, act in a manner unworthy of one's 
self, throw one's self away, Cic 

AB-JuDICO, 1 V. a. To deprive one of any 
thing by a judicial sentence, to declare that it 
does not belong to him, to abjudicate. I. 
Prop. : a populo Romano abjudicabit, Cic. ; a. ag- 
runi, Liv. IL Fig,: To take away, with- 
draw, Cic. 

ABJUNCTUS, a, Vim.part. o/abjungo. 

ABJUNGO, xi, ctum, 3 u. a. L To unyoke {cat- 

tle),Yivg. U. Meton.: To remove, separate, 

abjuncto Labieno atque iis legionibus, removed, ab- 
sent, CsBs. ; se ab hoc dicendi genere abjunserat, 
kept himself remote, Cic. 

AB-JORO, 1 «. a. To deny upon oath, to ab- 
jure, forswear, a. pecuniam, Plaut. j a. credi- 
tura, Sail. : — also absoL, ne quis abjurassit (for -ra- 
verit), Plaut. ; so in Cic, &c. : abjuratffi raplnaa, 
denied, Virg. 

• ABLIQUfiiTIO, onis,/. L A loosening of 
the soil round the roots of trees or vines. Col. " — - 
II. Meton.: A hole or trench {made by this pro- 
cess). Col. : from 

AB-LXQUeO, 1 V. a. (laqueus). To loosen or 
dig up the earth round the roots of a tree {in order 
to make a trench), to free from useless roots 
or weeds, a. radices, Plin. 

ABLaTiVUS, \,m. (sc casus). The ablative 
case. Quint.: from 

ABLATUS, a. um, part, o/aufero. 

ABLeGaTIO, Onis, /. A sending away, u. 
juventutis ad bellum, Liv. ; banishment, Plin. 

AB-LeGO, 1 V. a. To send off or away, ho- 
neatos homines ablegare, remove, Cic. ; dimisso at- 
que ablegate conailio, Id. — As a play upon words. 
htec legatio a fratria adventu me ablegat, sends me 



away, i. e. hinders me from being present cm my 
brotker^s arrival, Cic. 

AB-HGtJRIO, 4 V. a. 1. To squander in eas- 
ing and drinking, to consume in gluttony, to 
lavish,to dissipate, patria abligurire bona, Ter. ; 

fortunas suas abligurierunt, Cic. 11. Tj^ lick 

off. Suet 

AB-LOCO, 1 V. a. To let out (on hire), a. 
domum, Suet. 

AB LuDO, ere, 3 v. a. (Not to be in tune with: 
hence) To be unsuitable, not to harmonize 
with, to be unlike, a te non multum abludit, Hor. 

AB-Lt50, ui, utum, 3 v. a. To wash off or 
away. \. Prop.: To make clean, purify, to 
cleanse by washing, a. pedea alcja, Cic. : a. cor- 
pus illuvie. Curt.: a- se flumine vivo, Virg. : a. 
macules e veste, to wash off, Plin. : torrens abluens 
villas, washing away, Sen, Poet.: a. umbras sibi, 

to get free from, Lucr. : a. sitim. to quench. Id. — ■ 

II. Fig. : perturbatio animi placatione abluitur, is 
removed, Cic. : a. perjuria, to seek to do away, Ov. : 
— a. maculam, to icash out, Sen. 

ABLuTiO, onis, /. (abluo). A washing off, 
washing, ablution, Plin. 

ABLuTIJS, a, urn, part, o/ abluo. 

ABLOViUM, ii, n. (abluo). A deluge. Laber. 

AB-NiTO, 1 V. n. To swim away, Stat. 

ABNeGaTiVUS, a, um (abnego). , Negative, 

AB-NEGO, 1 V. a. To refuge, deny, a. conju- 
gium alcui, Virg. ; a. coraitem (sc. se alcui), lo re- 
fuse to accompany, Hor. — Po^., c. inf., to refuse 
or decline to do any thijig, Virg. 

AB-NkPOS, Otis, m. (avus). A son of a great- 
grandchild. Suet. 

AB-NEPTIS, is,/ (avus). A daughter of a 
great-grandchild. Suet 

ABN5BA, ai, m. Mount Abnoba, in Germa- 
ny, apart of ike Black Forest, Tac. 

AB-NOCTO, 1 w.7i.(nox). To spend anight 
from home, or out of the house. Sen. 

AB-N6D0, 1 V. a. (nodus). To clear (a tree) 
from knots. Col. 

AB-NORMIS, e (norma). Out of rule, irreg- 
ular, a. sapiens, not regularly trained, self-instruct- 
ed, Hor. 

ABNOEO, ere, /or abnuo. To refuse or deny, 

ABNUITITRUS, a, um, part, o/abnuo. 

AB-NtJMeRO, 1 V. a. To count the whole, 
Nig. ap. Gell. 

AB-NuO. iii, uitum or utiim, 3 v. a. (Nuo, obsol.). 
(By a motion of the- head or by some gesture) to re- 
fuse, deny, not to assent to, manu abnuit, 
quidquam, &c., Liv. ; non recuse nee abnuo, Cic. ; 
a. crimen, to disown, disavow, Tac. ; colloquium a., 
not to approve of, decline, Liv. ; a. jussa ducis, refuse 
to obey, Tac. : also, c. inf., non a. parere, Liv. : — 
With an objective clause: abnuit a se commissum 
esse facinus, Cic: withdiB-. a. alcui de ullo nego- 
tio, Sail. Absol. : fessi abnuenlesque, declining the 
combat,\Av. Of things ; to be unfavorable, spea 
B.,Tibull. : locus abnuit impetus, u not convenient 
for, does not admit of, Tac. 

ABNuTO, 1 V. n. (abnuo). To refuse assent, 
Enn. ; a. alcui, Plaut 

IB-OLfiO, levi, litum, 2 v. a. (the root is OLO. as 
in oleo, olesco ; see adoleo ; prop, to check the growth 
of any iking, not to let it come ?*p; hence) To de- 

sir 07J, abolish. I. Prop.: a. monumenta alcjs, 
Virg. ; fiedes vetustate aut igni aboUtffi, Tac. Pass., 

aboleri, to die (opp. nasci). Plin. U. Fig. : a. 

magistratum alcui, to lake away entirely, depose one 
from office, Liv. ; a. vires, to exhaust, Tac. ; a. de- 
decus armis, to do away by heroic actions, Virg, ; 
a. certamina communi utilitate, to abolish. Tac. ; a. 
memoriam, to destroy. Id. ; a. reos, to acquit, Dig. 

XB-OLeO, ere, v. a. (oleo, tosmell). To purify 
from a bad scent, to sweeten, a. viscera undis, Virg. 

aB-OLESCO, levi, 3 v. n. (aboleo). To die 
away, decay. I. Prop.: vitis a. siccitatibus, dries 

up. Col. II. Fig.: To pass away, come to 

nothing, be effaced, disappear, numen a. 
vetustate, Liv. ; gratia facti a., Virg. 

IBOLlTtO, onis,/ (aboleo). I. An abolish- 
ing, abolition, a. tributi, Tac; annulling, 
abrogation, rescinding, a. legis, Suet; a. ac- 
cusationis, cnminis. Dig. : a. animanim, desiruc- 

tion,Flor. II. Esp.: An amnesty, sub pacto 

abolitionis, Quint ; a. facti, Suet 

ABOLITUS, R, um, part, of aboleo. 

XBOLLA, te, / (a^oWa). A thick cloak or 
mantle {woT^t by soldiers, kings, philosophers, &.C.), 
Varr. ap. Non. ; Suet. ; Mart. — Poet. : facinus raa- 
joris abolliE, of a severer philosophy, Juv. 

XBoMINaBILIS, 8. Abominable, detesta- 
ble, Quint 

aBOMINANDUS. a, um. 5ee Abominor. 

aBoMINO, are,/orRbominor. To abominate, 

XB-oMINOR, 1 V. a. I. To zrisk away as an 
unfavorable omen, quum dixisset sepulcnim dim- 
turn . . abominatus, wished that this might be no ectt 
omen,hW.: quod abominor, which may Heaven for- 
bid, Plin. E. II. Gen.: To abominate, ab- 
hor, a. alqd (opp. optare), Liv.; a. mentionem 
facinoria, Id. Part. pf. Abonainatus, in a passive 
sense, abominated, accursed, a. Hannibal, Hor.; a. 
seraimaree, Liv. Part. /u(. Abominandus, abomin- 
able, a. curia, Liv, 

iBORlGINES, um, m.(ab,origo). I. Original 
inhabitants ; the Jirst inhabitants of Latium. an- 
cestors of the Romans. Cic. ; Sail. II. Gen. : 

Ancestors, original stock, Plin. 

aB-ORXOR, ortus, 4 v. n. \. To pass away, 
perish, Varr.: vox a., dies away (in the throat), 
falters, Lucr. Fetus a.,* perishes (as an nntimely 
birth), Gell. IL To miscarry, Plin. (doubt- 

AB5RISC0R, ci. (aborior). To pass away, 

aBORTTO. onis,/ (aborior). Abortion, mis- 
carriage. Cic. 

ABORTIVU.M, i. See the following word. 

aBORTiVUS. a, um <abortus). L Abortive, 
untimely (_iciih respect to birih), a, Sisyphus, 
Hor. : a. ovum, in which the chick is premtiture- 
ly formpd, addled, Mart. Subst. Abortivum, 1, n 
An abortion, Plin. II. That causes abor- 
tion, a. malvfe, cedrus, Plin. Suhst. Aborti\'uni» 
i, n. A means of procuring abortion, for abimi, Juv. 

XBORTO, 1 V. n. (abortus). To suffer (Aortion. 
miscarry, Varr. 

XBORTUS, fls, m. (aborior). L Abortion, mis- 
carriage, TertuUte nollcm abortum, / wish Ter- 
tulla had not misrarrirA, Cic; abortum facpre to 
suffer abortion, miscarry, Plin. E. ; also, to product 
abortwn,P\in. A) Melon.: Of plants ; a dwarf a 


stunted tree, Plin. — B) Fis'-: Of writings: an 

nrtfinished piece, Plin. U. The setting 

of stars, WaniL 

ABRACADABRA. A mystical charmed word, 
which, being joriOeJi in the following itianner, on an 
amulet suspended from the neck, vyas supposed to be 
a preventive offerer : 





A B R A C A D 

A B R A C A 

A B R A C 

A fe R A 

A B R 

A B 


AB-RaDO, si, sum, Z-c.a. I. To rub or scrape 
off to shave (ihebeard), supercilia penitus abr&sa, 
Cic. ; a. bnrbam, Plin. ; abrasus quidam, well shaven, 
Hor. : — a. partes radicum, to grub up, Pliu. : abrasa 

fauces, rough (through hard food), Luc. II. 

MetoTi.: To deprive one of his property, 
rob, get out of {one), a. alqd ab alqo liUum tei- 
rore, Cic ; a. alqd bonis, Plin. Paneg. 

ABRaSUS, a, um, part, of ahrado. 

ABREPTUS, a, um, pari, o/abripio. 

AB-RIPIO, ipui, eptum, 3 ^rapio) ». n. To 
snatch away, take away violently. - I. Prop., 
ab impedi mentis carissima abripere, Csee. ; milites 
vi flmninis abrepti, Id. : — a. se, to take one's self off, 
scamper away, Plaut. Esp. 1) To rob, pillage, 
carry off as booty, ut Verrea ipsam abripuiase 
Cererem videretur, Cic. 2) To squander ^{one^s 
property), Ter. II. Fig,: To carry off, re- 
move, voluatate omnes tecum fuerunt, tempestate 
abreptus eat unus, carried away (as by a tempest), 
Cic. ; tilium natura a parentis similitudine abripuit, 
removed, made unlike. Id. 

AB-R5DO, ai, Bum, 3 v. a. To gnaw or bite off, 
Varr. ; Pers. 

ABROtfiTtO, onis,/. (abrogo). The format ab- 
rogation or repeal of a lato, difficultae abrogati- 
oois, Cic. : from 

ABROGO, I V. a. I. A) Prop.: To annul, 
abrogate, repeal (a law) {derogo, to abolish (a 
law) in part ; obrogo, to invalidate (a law) by enact- 
ing another tending to counteract it], huic legi nee 
obrogaii fas est. Deque derogari ex hac aliquid li- 
cet, neque tola abrogari potest, Cic. — B) Melon. : 
To deprive of qffice, depose, si tibi masistratum 

a'jrogasset, Cic. II. Fig.: To take away 

from, a. fidern alicui, to ruin one's credit, destroy 
confidence iu a person, Plaut. ; quibus abrogee tidem 
juris jurandi, Cic. : a. nimiijim ecriptis, Ov. 

ABRoSUS, a, ura, part, o/abrodo. 

ABRCTONiTeS, ve, m. (aft)OToi/iT*]s). Wine 
seasoned with southernwood Col. 

ABR0T5NUM, i, n., and ABR5T0NUS. i, m. 
ia^poTovov). Southernwood (Artemisia a~Fam. 
Syriautherea), Plin. 

ABR5T0NUM, i, n, Abrotonum, a town on the 
north coast of Africa, Plin. 

AB-RUMPO, rupi, ruptum, 3 v. a. To break 
off one thing from another with violence, break 
asunder. I. Prop.: a. ramos manibus, Ov. ; a. 
duos acgues crlDibas, to pull out, Id. ; a. rincula, 

to tear off, Lir. ; a. crunim et poplitum venas, to 
citt through, Tac. ; a. Asiam Europie, to separate, 
Plin. : abrupti nubibua ignea, torn from, Lucr. ; for 
which toe find also abruptis nubibua ignea, Virg. : 
abruptis procellis turbata freta, bursting, Id, : ab- 

ruptum aidus, obscured, concealed, Id. II. Fig. : 

To break off separate, htec legio ae prima la- 
trocinio abrupit Antonii^ /reerf itself from, Cic: — 
plebs abrupta a cetero populo, Liv. ; a. vitnm a 
civitate. to sever one's life from the state, L e. to quit 
it, Tac. ; but, a. vitam, to cut off tite threads of life, 
to put an end to life, Virg. ; a. fas, to destroy, violate. 
Id. : a. sermonem, to break off. Id. 

AB-ROMUS, a, um (ruma). Removed from 
the breast, weanedtVarr, 

ABRUPTE, o(io. Of speech; abruptly, Quint. 
Of actions ; passionately, hastily, impetu- 
ously, Just 

ABRUPTIO, onis,/. (abrumpo). I. A breaking 

off or asunder, a. corrigiie, Cic. II. Fig.: 

Divorce, Cic. 

ABRUPTUM, i. See tlte following Article. 

ABRUPTUS, a, um. I. Part, o/abrurapo. 

U. A(^. A) Of places: steep, precipit07is,loc\i.B 
in pedum mille altitudinem abi'upEus, Liv. ; a. saxa, 
Tac. Absol. I Abraptum, steepness from above or 
below; depth of the sea, Virg.; heigfU of heaven, Stat 
— B) F^.: Abrupt, Sallustiana bre vitas et ab- 
ruptum sermonis genus, Quint ; a. sibilus, Plin. ; 
a. contumacia, extreme, Tac; a. exitium, sudden, 
Amm. ; a. homo, uncouth, rude, Tertull. Absol. : 
in abruptum tractus, to the deep, to ruin, Tac : per 
abrupta, by nnyielding conduct Id. : iu abrupto 
necessitatis, in difficulty, danger, Amm. 

AB9 (cf. Grk. oi/*, .^ol. an^), prep. See Ab. 

ABSCEDENTiA,ium,w.pZ.(abscedo). 1. In Med- 
icine; abscesses, imposthumes, Cels. ^11. 

In Architecture; objects in the back-ground 
(opp. prominentia), Vitr. 

ABs-CeDO, cessi, cessum, 3 [eontr. abscessem 
for abscessissem, Sil.] c. n. To go away or off, 
depart. 1. Prop.: a. a curia, e foro, Liv.: luna 
accedens et abscedeua, increasing and decreasing, 
waxing and waning, Plin. Impers.: non ante abs- 
cessum est quam, Sue., Liv. Esp. 1) To disap- 
pear, be lost from view, cor est in extis; jam 
abscedet, Cic. ; Pallada abscessisse mihi, has with- 
drawn from, Ov. : — suppresso testamento, ne quid 
abscederet jAoJf/d &e iffsr, Suet 2) To come off, 
a. latere tecto, to come off with a whole skin, Ter. : 
a. manibus acquis (of combatants), to part without de- 
ciding the contest, Tac. II. Fig.: To leave 

off, retire, desist from, a. incepto, Liv.; sgri- 
tudo abscedlt yields, Plaut : ira abscedit ab eo, 
Ter. : c. abl. : heac te abscedat suspicio, Plaut 

ABSCE3SI0, onis, /. (abscedo). A^ going 
away, removal ; diminution, accessio ad cor- 
pora et a., Cic. 

ABSCESSUS, US, m. (abscedo). I. A going 
away, reTnot^a^ longinquosolisabscessu, Cic; a. 

continuus, perpetual absence, Tac II. Conor. : 

An imposthume, abscess, Cela. 

ABS-CiDO, cidi, cisum, 3 v. a, (csedo). L To 
cut or hew off, capnt abscidit, Cic. ; so, abscisum 

caput, brachium, Liv. II. Fig.: a. spem, to 

cia off, or deprive of, Liv. : a. multum laucU, to d&- 
tract, Luc. 

AB-SCINDO, Bcidi, sciesum, 3 v. a. To tear 
off or away. L Prop.: tunicam ejus a pectora 

abscidit, tore down, C'lc; for which poet, with a simple 
abl.: a. ve.-tiiu hurauna. Virg. : also, o. plttiitHS du 
corpore iiinUum, id.: Dido iihsLisSa comns, ttnr- 
iiig her hair, \d : nb-'i.-istus in dims partes exerci- 
l\xs^ separa'fd, ditid(d inlo two parts, Ccbs. ; a. ter- 
ras, to s'lmrae, Hor. : a. venas, to open the vein-, 

Tac. {.roi'f. Abbumpo). II. Fi^- To cut off, 

remove, !,Eparatc, h. omnium rerum respectum 
praetJiiquain \ictoriHm, to cut off evo-y oiktr pros- 
pect, Liv, ; a. reditus dulces, to hinder, Hor. ; a. in- 
ane eolido. to separate, sever, Id. 

ABSCISE, adv. (ch( off or through, deprived of 
nerve). Weakly, without nerve or power, 
breviter et a. loqui, V. Max. 

ABSCISSJO, onis,/. (abscindo). In lUietoric; a 
breaking off in the middle of a speech, Auct. 
Her. : a. vocia, stopping of the voice, interruption, 

ABSCISSUS, a, um (abscindo ; torn off: hence) 
Rough, severe, a. reeponsum, V. Max. 

ABaCTSUri, a, um (abscido, cut off: hence) Of 
places; sleep, precipitous, eaxum undique a., 

ABSCONDXTE, adv. I. Obscurely, non ira- 

plicite ct abacondite, Cic. 11. Profoundly, 

with depth of thought er argument, a. dieserere, 

ABSCONDiTUS, a, urn (abacondo). Secret, 
unknown, hidden,^. insidiEe, Cic. ; fontes peni- 
tua absconditi, Auct. Her. 

ABS-CONDO, didi or di. ditum [-consum, LL.], 
2v.a. To Pitt a thing away in store, to lay by, 
to hide, secrete. I. fru^., quod quo studiosius 
ab ipsia abaconditur, Cic. : — Poet. a. teluin in aere, 
to shoot it oiit of sight, Sil. : a. ensem in vulnere, 
to bury it deeply, Sen. : absconditur terra, Stella, 
hmnnes invisible, disappears, Virg. : a. fluvium et 
CKUipoa ctede, to cover, Sil. : a. locum, to lose sight 

of by retiring from i(, Virg. II. Fig.: a. fugam 

turto, to conceal, Virg. : a. amorem, Catull. : piieri- 
tiam abscondimus, leave behind, outlive. Sen. 

ABSCONSUS, a, um, part. 0/ abacondo. 

ABSEGMEN, inis, 71. (ab, seco). A piece of flesh 
cut off, Naiv. 

ABSENS, entia, ^art. o/absum. 

ABSENTIA, IB, /. (abaum). Absence, Cic; a. 
teeCimoniorum, abseitce, want. Quint 

AB-SILIO, ii and iii, no sup. 4 v. n. (aalio). To 
leap off or away, Lucr. : pontea a., give way, 
Stat. :—Poet. c. ace. : avea a. nidoa, Jiy out of their 
nests, Id. 

_AB-SIMILIS, e. Unlike (for the most part only 
with a negative), falces non absimili formS. muralium 
falcium, Cgbs. : non absimilis facie Tiberio pincipi 
fuit, Suet 

ABSINTHIaTUS, a, ura (absinthium). Pro- 
vided with wormwoodf a. poculum, Jillcd with 
wormwood wine, Sen. 

ABSINTHITES, 83, m. (i>//M/etTi)s). Worm- 
wood wine, Plin. 

ABSINTHIUM, ii, n. [abainthius, ii, m., Varr.] 
(ii//tV0ioi'). Wormwood (Artemisia a., Fam. Syti- 
antherea). Plin. : a. tetrum, Lucr. : — Fig. for some- 
thing bitter but wholesome (opp. mel). Quint 

ABSIS or APSIS, Idie, /. (i>//ts). An arch, 
vault, Plin.: cubiculum in absida curvatum, 
vaulted, arched, Plin. E. ; a. atellffi, orbit, Plin. 

AB-SISTO, stati, no sup., 3 v. n. To go away, 
withdraw, retire, remove. I. Prop., a.absignie, 

Cees. : a. Bignis, Liv. Of things: stella a. a sole, 
retires, Plin.: scintilltts a. ab ore, burst forth, V\rg. 

AhsoL, milea a'jetitit, stoppid, Tnc. 11. Fig.: 

To leave off cease, give up, des ist from, a. 
in. epto, Liv. ; a. bello, Hor. ; a. si/quendo, etc., Liv. 
With inf. : a. imperare, to cease, Liv, Absol. : to 
cease, desist, neque prius qumu debellavero absis- 
tam, Liv. : accusator abatitit, rcfraimd, Tac. 

ABSOLUTE, adv. F-illy, perfectly, Cic: a. 
vivere, without want, in affluence, Compar., Plin. E. 

ABSOLuTIO, onis,/. (absolvo). I. In Law; ac- 
quittal, absolutio virginum, Cic : de abaolu- 
tione majeatatis (for de majeatate), acquittal from 
the crimen majestatis, Id. II, A) Perfec- 
tion, banc absolutionem perfectionenique in ora- 
tore deaiderans, perfection and finish, Cic. — B) 
JRhet.t.t.: Completeness, Cic. 

ABSOLOToRIUS, a, um (absolvo). That serves 
for acquitting, tabella a.. Suet Snbst.: Absolu- 
torium, ii, n. (sc. remedium). A means of release 
or delivfranrefrom, a. ejus mali, Plin. 

ABSOLuTUS, a, um. I. Port. 0/ absolvo. 

II. Adj. A) Finished, complete, perfect,neqvie 
appellatur vita beata nisi confecta atquc absoluta, 
Cic. Coni;»ar., Quint B) Unrestricted, uncon- 
ditional, ab so lute,iiece38itadines qua^dam sim- 
plices et absolutte. Cic. 2) Esp. : In Grammar, ab- 
solute, independent, nomen a., which gives a 
perfect sense, without any other addition, e. g. deus, 
Prise : verbum a., which stands withoiu a case or ob- 
ject. Id, -.—also opp. to v. inchoat. expressive ofaperfect 
action, Diom. : — adjectivum a., in thepositive. Quint 

AB-SOLVO, vi, utum, 3 v. a. To loosen, de- 
tach, untie. L Prop.: absoluta lingua ranis, ^ose, 
not fixed by nature, Plin. ; a. lapidem, to separate. 

Id.; a.valva8 stabuli, to open, App. II. Fig.: 

To loosen, to set free, release. A) To free, de- 
liver, App. ; a Fannio judicio se absolvere, disen- 
tangle, rid himself from the lawsuit, Cic; is annus 
populum Rom. longo bello absolvit Tac. With 
gen.: a. timoris, Sen. 2) hi Law; to rdeasefrom 
acharge of guilt or punishment, i. e. to acquit, de- 
clare innocefit; with abl., gen., or de, Milonem 
absolvere, Cic. ; regni suspicione consulem absol- 
vere, Liv. : — hie (Dionem) Veneri absolvit sibi con- 
demnat acquits him of his obligation toward Venvs, 
but condemns him to that toward himself {Verres). 

a) With an. abstr. obj. : fidem absolvit he acquitted 
them of their fidelity (toward Otho), forgave ii, Tac 

b) To dismiss any one with a short answer, abruja- 
ly. Plant c) To satisfy by payment, to pay. Id. — 
B) To bring to an end, finish, complete; esp. 
a work of art or a speech (the metaphor is taken from 
the loosing or removal of a finished web from lAe 
loom), Coa3 Veneris earn partem, quntn Apelles in- 
choatam reliquiaset, absolvere : — abeolutis opcri* 
bus, being ready. Cms.; cetera quam paucissimisab- 
solvam, go through, dispatch. Sail. : ab. permissuni, 
to fulfill, act up to one's promise,VRrT. 

A BSONE, adv. I. In harmoniously, with 

disagreeable sou7ids, App. ^H. Absurd' 

ly, Gell. 

AB-SONUS, a, um (Deviating from the right 
sound). I. That sounds harshly, inharmo- 
nious, dissonant, discordari t, vox extra mo- 

dum a.. Cic. ; oratores voce absoni, Id. II. 

Gen.: Not agreeing with, not answering, un- 
suitable; with ab or a dat.: nee absoni a voco 
motus, Liv. ; fortunis absona dicta, Hor. 


AB-SORB£0, bfli [psi, Lucan.], ptum. 2 v. a. I. 
To swallow, ingulf, gulpdown, oceanus tot 
res absorbet, Cic. ; a. placentas, Hor. : a. huinor- 

em, to absorb,' CMrt. li. Fig.: To absorb, 

carry away or off, hunc quoque absorbuit asstQs 
quidam glorias, Cic, : ipse quodammodo absorbet 
orationem meam, swalloips as it were, absorbs or oc- 
cupies my whole speecJi, wishes it to treat of him, only. 

ABSORPtlO or ABSORTIO, onis, / (absorbeo). 
A drink, Suet, {doubtful). 

ABSPELLO, &c. See Aspello. 

ABS-QUE, pr^. c. abl. (^from, aba; cf. itaquc, 
susque, deque, from ita. sub, and de). jbenotts a 
toant which exists only in our idea; sine, a want 
which exists in reality. 1. Prop. ; Wi thout, absque 
me, te eo, &c,, esset, i. e. si ego (tu, is, &-c.), non fuis- 
B^xn, if it were not for me, Slc, V\b.\x\,. ; Ter. : a. sole, 

Plant. II. Fig.: Except, besides, witJi- 

out, a. sententia, Quint. 

ABS-TEMiUS, a, urn ytemum—fLdev). I. T/tat 
refrains from ijitoticazing liquors, sober, abste- 
mious, Ov. :— (O/" things), prandium abstemiuin, 

without wine, G&W. II. Gen. A) Temperate, 

moderate, Hor. WUk gen., mulieres vini abste- 
raiffi, Plin.— B) Eqlii-oalent to jejunus : That has 
not yet broken his fast, that has not yet breakfasted, 

ABSTENTUS, a, um, part, o/abstineo. 

ABS-TERG£0, rsi, rsum, 2 v./i. I. A) To wipe 
off, to dry up, a. sudorem, Plaut.; a. cruorem, 
Liv.; and so to cleanse, clean (by wiping), b. la- 
bellum, Plaut. ; a. vulnera, Ter. — B) Metaph. : a. 

remos, to strip, to break off. Curt. II. Fig. : To 

w ipe away {any thing disagreeable, apassion, &c.), 
i.e. £0 drive away, take away, remove, to get 
rid of, dispel, dissipate, omnem abatergebo 
dolorem, Cic; a. omues senectutis molestias, Id, 
. ABS-TERReO, 2v.a. To fr^hten away, deter, 
prevent, remove, neminera a congressu meo 
absterruit^ Cic. ; a. teneros animos vitiis, Hor. ; a. 
pabula amoris sibi, to take away, withdraw, Lucr. 

ABSTERSUS, a, um.part. o/abstergeo. 

ABSTiNENS, entia (abstineo). {That refrains 
from any thing illicit'). Abstemious, moderate, 
temperate, not covetous, esse abstinentem, 
Cic. ; oculos abstinentes habere, Id. PFith, gen., 
animus abstinens pecunias, Hor. 

ABSTiNENTER, adv. With moderation, 
temperately, without covetousness, Cic. 

ABSTiNENTIA, »,/. (abstineo). 1. A refrain- 
ing from any thing, moderation, disinterest' 
edness, conciliare benevolentiam multitudinia ab- 
fitinent^d et continenti^ i. e. by the right of posses- 
sion not being violated (alieuo abstinere) and one's 
passions being governed (se continere), Cic. ; de 

provinciali in eo magistrata a.. Id. —II. Esp. : 

A refraining from food, fasti ng, abstinence, 
febrem abstinentia mitigavit, Quint. ; vitam absti- 
nentia tinire, to starve on^s self to death, Tac. 

ABS-TlNfeO, ui, tentum, 2 ». a. and n. (teneo) 
i.-Act.: To keep off, keep back, restrain, (bb) 
aJqm ab, or with an abl. without ab ; a quibiis jam 
te abstinebis, Cic, ; ab alienis mentes, oculos, ma- 
nU8 a.. Id. : a. maaus ab alqo or alqa re, to refrain 
from acts of violence, Id. : a. manus a se, to refrain 
from, {laying violent hands upon on^s self) self- 
murder. -^-~-—U. Neutr. k) k. re, to abstain re- 
frain from any thing, faba Pydiagorei abstir,f5nt, 
Cic. ; a. ostreia, Id. ; a. Venere et vino, Hor. ,. a. 

pugna, Liv. : — a, publico, not to go out, Tac. ; Suet. : 
a. manibus, to refrain from acts of violence, Tac. 
With ab : ab iis (voluptatibus) abstinere, Cic. With 
inf., Plaut. ; Suet. With ne, Liv. With quin, Id- 
With quominus. Suet. With gen., a. irarum, Hor. 
-^B) Absol. {without c\}oo) To abstain from food, 
to fast, Cels, 

AB-STO, are, v. n. To stand off, or at a 
distance from anything, Hor- 

kBSTRACTUS, part, o/abstrabo. 

ABS-TRaHO, xi, ctuin, 3 [abstraxe/or abstrax- 
isae, Lucr.] v. a. 1. Prop.: A) To draw away, 
carry away or off, take off by force, de ma- 
tris hunc complexu abstrahet, Cic. : a- alqm e 
gremio, a conspectu, Id. : a. se a corpore, to with- 
draw from perception by means of the senses. B) 

To turn off, alienate, separate from a part^j, 
a. milites a Lepido, Cic. IL Fig.: To with- 
draw, divert, hurry away, a rebus gerendis se- 
nectus abstrahit, Cic. ; a. ab omni solUcitudine, to di- 
vert, free, Id. With abl. without prep., Germanicum 
suctis legionibus a., Tac.^ paternia adversia ab- 
stractus, carried off together to ruin, Id. 

ABS-TRuD0,usi,usum,3z!.a. To thrust, cast 
away, conceal by thrusting away. I, Prop., me 
in silvam abstrusi, Cic. {perhaps a poet, citation) j 

abstrusus nuraua, concealed. Id. II. Fig., na- 

turam accusa, qute in prot'undo veritatem penitua 
abstruserit, Cic. ; a. tristitiam, Tac. 

ABSTRUSUS, a, um. I. Part, o/abstrudo. 

II. Adj.: Concealed, secret, penitus abstruaain- 
sidia3, Cic, ; disputatio paullo abetrusior, wanting a 
closer investigation, too abstruse. Id. : homo abstru- 
sus, reserved, Tac. {The Saperl. does not occur.) 

AB-SUM, abtui, abease {for abfui, abfuturus, ab- 
forem, &c., also afui, afuturua, aforem, &c.), v. n. 
To be away, to be absent. I. Prop. A) 1) 
Gen.: te abfiilsse tamdiu a nobia et dolui, Cic.; 
abesse a domo, Plaut. ; a. ex urbe, Id. ; a. et domo 
et foro. Id. ^ With a definite number, or an adverb 
(multum, paullum, longe, &c.), to denote the dis- 
tance: To be away, be distant, ab urbe abesse 
miUia pass, ducenta, Cic. ; longe absura, Id, With 
prope, propius, proxime, to denote a short distance, 
a Brundisio propius absunt, quam tu, biduum, Cic. ; 
quoniara abes propius, since you are nearer. Id. — 
B) Esp. 1) To be absent, to be away by banish- 
ment, nulla lege abesse, Cic. 2) To be absent at 
the time when a vacancy is filled, not to appear as 
a candidate, deligere iterum consul abaens, Cic. 
3) Absens, i. q. mortuus, deceased, absentes prosunt 

praesentibus, Plaut. U. Fig. A) Gen.: To be 

remote, to be far from, a spe consulatus longe 
abesse, Cic. ; aberit non longe, quin, it wants little 
that: tantum abest, ut . . ut, so far from — that, &c. ; 
instead of: id tantum abest ab oiEcio, ut nihil 
magis officio possit esse contrarium, Id. Sometimes 
we find etiam in the second clause, Id, : With ut 
quoque, Suet. Wiih ut contra, Liv. . With a third 
ut, Cic. : — Often without a second ut : tantum aberat, 
ut binos ecriberent ; vix singulos confecerunt, Id. 

•B) Esp. 1) To be removed or free from 
any thing disagreeable, quamquam abest a culpa, 
Cic. ; a. a carcere atque a vinculis, Id. 2) As to 
thewill; to be disinclined^ to keep aloof, a 
consilio fugiendi absum, Cic. ; a. ab istia studiis, Id. : 
a. a periculis, to avoid. Sail. 3) To be remote, in re. 
gard to condition or quality, i. e. to differ, vary, 
astutia abest plorimum a prudcntia, Cic, ; nequa 
■^ 7 


ulla re longius absumus a natura ferarum, we are 
superior to the nature of wild beasts, Id. ; longissime 
Phincius a te at'uit, had tke advantage of you with 
regard to ike fuimbcr of the votes, Id, ; muttum, ab 
iis aberat L. Futiue, was inferior to theirt. Id. 4) 
Not to be present, to fail, to be wanting, 
quid huic abesse poterit de maximarum rerum 
sciential can be wanting to him, Cic.; abest hiatoria 
Uteris nostris, is wanting in our literature. Id.; 
absjt invidia verbo, let no wrong construction be put 
upon the word, to say without qffeiice, vnthout vanity, 
Liv. : — nihil, non multum, pauUum abest, quin, it 
wants nothing, not much, little, that. . .: prorsus 
nihil abeet, quin sim niiserrimus, Cic, Cffis. :haud 
multum aiuit, quin interficeretur, wanted little of, 
i. e. was near being killed, Liv. 5) A. alcui or ab 
alqo, to be wanting to any one, to be of no as- 
sistance or service, Antonio abesse, Sullam 
defendere, Cic. ; etiam abaentibus nobis Veritas se 
ipsa dtjfendet, without our assistance. Id. ; eo plus 
aberas a mc, the more entirely you forsook me, id. ; 
longe iia nomen populi R. afuturum, would be of no 
Service to them, CttJS. 

ABSuMeDO, inis,/. A waste, consumption, 
Plaut, From 

AB-SuMO, mpsi, mptum, 3 u a. To take away by 
diminishing or destroying, to diminish, con- 
sume. I. Prop.: a. vinum, to consnme, Hor. ; a. 
urbem tiamrais, to destroy, Liv. ; a. alqm ferro, fa- 
me, veneno, to kill. Id. ; absumitur umbra, fades 
away, Plin. ; absumitur fame, dies of hanger, 'i'ac. : 
absumpti sumus, we are ruined, undone, Plaut. 

11. Fig,: To consnme, spend, ne dicen- 

do tempus absumam, spend, pass, Cic. ; a. satieta- 
tern amoris, to evjay even to satiety, 'Per. : absumpta 
ablaqueatione, ,^/i/s/ted. Col. 

ABSUMPTUti, a, um, part, o/abaumo. 

ABBURDE, adv. I. Harshly, inharmoni- 

oualy, a. can ere, Cic.-— II. Absurdly, non- 

aenstcally, a. dicere quid, Cic. — Compar., Cic: 
Superl. not in classic auth. 

AB-SURD US, a, um. That produces a bad sound, 
harsh, in har mo II ions, out of tune. I. Prop. ; 
Unpleasant, harsh, vox a., Cic; a. sonua, ^ocd. 
ap. Cic. II. Fig.: Absurd, irrational, in- 
coherent, senseless, foolish, unfit, ne quis 
illud tam absurdum respondeat, Cic; etiam bene 
dicere baud absurdum, jiot unsuitable, praiseworthy. 
Sail. — Compar. and Snpert., Cic. 

ABSYRTUS, i, m. ("Ai/^v/jtos), Absyrtus. 1. A 
son of ^etes, king of Colchis, and brother of Medea, 
Ov. 2. A river oflllyria, Luc 

AB-TORQUeO, ere, v. a. To turn off, a. pro- 
ram, Att. 

IBUNDANS, antia. l. Part, of abundo. 

II. Adj. (^overflowing: hence) Existing in, or con- 
taining great quantities, abounding, full, rich, 
copious, abundant. — A) Qen.: abundant! pe- 
cunid, Cic. ; ortitor nou a., not fertile in thoughts or 
conceptions.— With gen. : a. lactis, Virg. ; omnium 
rerum a., Nep. ; a, corporis, large in frame, size, 
Claud. — Compar. and Superl. in Cic. — Adverb.: ex 
abundanti (io say, add. Sec, any thing), superabund- 
antly, Quint. B) Exp.: Rich, wealthy, opu- 
lent, hujc utrum abundantis tin egentissigna sunt? 

iBUNDANTER, adv. Abundantly, co pi- 
en sly, largely, a. ferre fructum, Plin. ; a. loqui, 
Cic. — Compar., Cic; Superl, Q\xet. 


IBUNDANTIA, ie, /. (abundo). Abundance, 
plenty, wealth; usually c. gen. : omnmm rerum 
a., Cic.—Absol. : ducere alqd abundantiaj, as a sign 
of on^s riches, Tac. : laborare abundantii, from 
overloading the stomach, Suet. 

IBUNDITIO, onis, /. An overflow, inun- 
dation, a. fossffi, Plin. 

SBUNDE, ado. (abundo). Abundantly, more 
than enough, amply, copiously, largely, a. 
satisfactum toti quteationi, Cic ; a. magna prajsidia^ 
Sail. : — mihi a. eat, ai, &.c, I am more than satisfied, 
Plin. E. : so, a. ratua, si, &c., Tac. Withgen. : com- 
meatus a., Sail ;■ tcrrorum, fraudifl a., Virg. 

IB-UNDO, 1 V. n. (unda). To flow down or 
over. I. Prop. : aqua Albana abundavit, over- 
flowed, Liv. ; liquor a., Virg. : Poet. : herbsB a. de 
terris, spring, come forth abundantly, Lucr. 

n.Metaph. A) To abound, to be redundant, 

abundat atque affluit, Cic. ; velut abundarent om, 

nia, Liv. With dot.: caro a. alcui, Gels. B) To 

have great plenty of any thing, to be amply 
supplied or furnished with, to abound in: 
with abl., villa a. porca, hseeio, agno, &c.. Cic ; a 
ingenio, otio, laudibua bellicia, &c. Id. With gen.. 
a. rerum, opp. to "indigere," Lucil. 9) Esp.: Tc 
be rich or opnlent, egenles abundant, Cic 

aBUNDUS, a, um (abunde). Abundant, copi 
ons, a. lavacra, Gell. 

ABtJSiO, onia, /. (nbutor). Rhet.: The harsh 
use of a trope, Auct Her. 

aBuSiVK, adv. (abusus). L By a harsh use 

of tropes, Quint.; cf. Abusio. -^ IL By 

abuse, improperly, Dig. III. Not in good 

earliest, lightly, slightly, Amm, 

AB-USQUE, prep. c. abl. From as far as, 
even from, a. Pachyno, Virg.; Oceano a., Tac. 

ABDSUS, a, um, part, of abutor. 

XBUtiUS, us, m. (abutor). Improper use, 
abuse, misuse, usus non abusus, Cic. In law, 
a consumption, a using up of any thing. Dig. 

aB-OTOR, usus, 3 V. n. I. To use up, con- 
sume by use, exhaust, spend, make copious 
use of any thing, sumus parati a. tecum hoc otio, 
to spend, Cic. ; a. omni tempore, to occupy the whole 
time (granted for speaking). Id. : a. errore hostium, 
to profit by, Liv. With ace. : a. illaic, PlauL : a. ope- 
riim, to use all diligence, Ter. — In pass, sense: 

abusa sunt ilia, Plaut. II. To abuse, make a 

wrong or perverse use of any thing, pervert, 
qiiousque tandem abutere, Catilina, pataendii nos- 
trd? Cic. ; a. legibus ad quajstum, Id. 

aByDeNUS, a, um. Of- or belonging to 
A b yd us, A. urbs, (Jv. : also as a Subst. for Le- 
ander. Id. — In tkeplur.z Inhabitants of Aby- 
dns, Liv. 

XByDUS or JtBYDOS, i, /. {perhaps also m. in 
Virg-J ('A^uSos), Abydus. 1. A town of Troas^ 
not far from -the mouth of the Simois, opposite to Ses- 
tos, Virg. ; Liv. — '2. A town in Upper Egypt, MeL ; 

JtB^LA, ro, /. ('A)3u'A7)). Abyla, a mountain in 
Africa, one of the pillars of Hercules, MeL ; Plin. 

AC, cojij. See Atque. 

XCACiA. w.f. (Aicajcia). L The acacia-trea 

(Fam. Leguminosa), Plin. II. 7'he gum of 

the acacia^tree, gum Arabic, Cels. ; Plin, 

aCXDeMiA, IB, /. CAKa&rittia). L A gymnasU 
um, six stadia from Athens, so called from Acadimos 
(Ecfiedemos), uic cslebrated place where Plato taught 

(and whence hie philosQphij was called Pkilanophia 

Academica), Cic. ; Liv U, Metaph. — Aj T/ie 

philosophy taugJu m the Academia, the Academic 
philos op hy, AnBtaret A., qus quicquid dixisaes, 
id to ipsuin scire negaret, Cic. — B) Cicero's gym- 
nasium on his Tusauau estate, surroinided, after the 
Greek fashion^ by shady walks {xijstis) and resting- 
seats {cxedris), Cic. 

ACXDkMICe, ea, ad^. f. (after the Greek asafivj- 
fiiStij). Acadevtic, lUatn academicen aUvTa^tv 
(i. e. Academica or Quaestt. Academicas) totnm ad 
Varronem traduximus, Cic. 

XCADeMICUS, a, urn. Of or belonging to 
the Academy : hence, Snbst., Academicas, i, m., 
one of the sect of Ute Academy, an Academic 
philosopher. In the Neat., Academica, orum, 
one of Cicero^s writings. 

XGXDeMUS, i, 7n. ('AKoSijfAos). Academus, a 
0reek kej'o, from whom the Acadejnia near Athens is 
thought to have beeri so called, Hor. 

iCXLANTHIS, Idia, /. (iKoXaveC';), i. q. Acan- 
thia. A very small bird, of a dark-green color ; a 
thistlefinch, goldfinch, Vlrg. 

ACiMAS, antis, m. (^AxcLfia^), Acamas. 1. The 
son of Theseus and Phtzdra, Virg. II. A prom- 
ontory of Cyprus, Plin. 

iCiNOS, i, m. (cuearos). The cotton or wool- 
ly thistle, Flin. 

XCANTHIS, idis, / (aKavQCs). I. A little bird, of 
a dark-green color, a thistlefinch, goldfinch, 
Plin. IL A plant, called also aenecio ; ground- 
sel, Plin. 

XCANIHIUS, a, um. Of Acanthus (a town 
in Macedonia), A. sal, Plin. 

XCANTHUS, i iaKa.v9o<s), I. Masc. : The 
plant beards breech, Virg. II, Fem.: A 

Sickly evergreen, Egyptian shrub, Virg. ■ ■ ■ 
. Acanthus, a town of Macedonia, FVm. 

XCAPNOS, on (aKaTTi/os), Without smoke, a. 
ligna, wood so dry as to give no emoke when burned. 
Mart. : mel a., lioney whic^ has been taken without 
the use of smoke, Plin. 

XCARNAN, ania (ace. Acarnana, Liv.), tk. ('AKop- 
vdv). BelongtJig to Acarnania, Acarna- 
nian, Virg. Subst.: Acarnanes, inhabitants 
of Acarnania, Liv. 

XCARNaNIA, eb,/. ('AKopvaria). Acarnania, 
a country of Central Greece, separated from ^tolia 
by the Achelous, now called Carnia, Plin. 

XCARNINiCUS, a, ura (Acarnania). Belong- 
i'/ig to Acarnania, Acarnanian, Liv. 

XC ASTUS, i. Acastus, 1. Son of King Peliaa, 
Ov. 2: The name of (ffie of Cicero's slaves, Cic. 

XCXTaLECTICUS, a, um (aKaToATj/cTticos), or 
XCXTXLECTUS (-roir)- -^w Prosody ; a verse that 
does not want a syllable in its last foot, acatalectic 
(ppp. to catalecticua), Diotn. ; Prise. 

iCATtUM, i, n. (a/eaTtoi/). A small Greek boat, 
of an unknown shape, Plin. ; Gell. (who also has 
acntia, SB). - 

XCAUdTUS (oieavtrros). A carbuncle (because 
it was thought to be incombustible), Plin. 

ACBARUS, i (also Agbarusor Abgarus). Acba- 
rus, a nameofone (wkichbecame atUle) of the Arab 
princes in the Osroenic empire (in Mesopotamia), 

ACCA LSRENTtA. The wife of Faustntus, the 
nn7-se of Romulus arid Remits, Liv. ; Gell, 

ACClLiA, ium, n. (Acca), also Larentalia. A 


Roman festival in December, in honor of Acca La- 
rcntia, VaVr. 

AC-CANTO, are. To sing to or at athing, Stat. 

AC-CeDO, ceesi, ceasum, 3 v. n. {perf. sync, ac- 
ceatis, Virg,] To go to or toward any one or 
any thing, I. Prop.: To draw near to, ap- 
proach, A) Gen. : ut cunctus senatua ad Cffisa- 

rem Bupplex accederet, Cic. : a. ad urbem, Id. : 
a. in aenatum, in Macedoniam, Id. : a. in funus, to 
join a funeral train or procession ; a. propius ; a. eo ; 
a.Ariminum. JVith ace. sine prep.: a. acopulos, 
Virg. — Of things: febris accedit, comes on (opp. to 
decedit), Cic. : a. raanus extrema operibua, is put 

to. Id. B) Esp. 1) To approach with hoetilp. 

intentions, to attack, a. ad cohortea, Pompei. 
ap, Cic. ; a. ad manus, to engage in close fight, Nep. 
2) Mercantile 1. 1. : a. ad hastam, to attend an auc- 
tion, to appear as a bidder at a sale, Liv. 3) A. ad 

manus, to be admitted to kiss hands, Capitol. 

II. Fig. A) To draw near, approach; to hap- 
pen; be added; usually with dat., p]unraum pras- 
eidii mihi accesserit, Cic. ; a. imperatori plus goI- 
licitudinis quam spei bonae, Sail. — B) Esp. 1) To 
a pp roach (esp. for the purpose of mi dertaking any 
thing), to undertake; commonly with ad; a. ad 
rem publicam, to enter upon the service of the state, 
to engage in public life, Cic. ; a. ad cansam, to un- 
dertake a lawsuit. Id. ; a. ad poenam, to bring to pun- 
ishment ; a. ad bellorum pericula, to partake the 
dangers: — a. ad invidiam levandam, Id. — Absol.: 
ne accedat, let him have nothing to do (with the farm- 
ing of tolls). 2) To approach by consent, to as- 
sent, approve of, acquiesce in, a. adejuacon- 
dltiones, Cic. j a. ad lioc consilium, Nep. With 
dot. : a. Ciceroni, Quint. With ace. : a. societatem 
no8tram,Tac. 3) To come near, to resemble; 
with ad or a dot. : ad similitudinem deo propius ac- 
cedebat, Cic. ; ad deoa propius accedunt, Id. With 
ace. : a. ebenum, Plin. ; a. ceras, Sil. 4) To b e 
added, or increased; with ad or a dat. : ad vir- 
tutis summam accedere nihil potest, Cic; Cassio 
animus accessit, grew, Id. ; pretlum accedit rei, 
rises, Plin. Ep. Absol. : accedit etiam mora, Cic. 
The idea which is added is expressed by quod when it 
implies also a ground (logical), and by ut when it 
implies a fact only (historical) : accedit enim, quod 
patrem amo, Cic. ; ad App. Claudii senectutem ac- 
cedebat etiam, ut cascus osset, Id. Seldom without 
a conjunction: accedit illud: ei maneo . . . caden- 
dum est in unius potestatem. Id. 

ACCSLSRaTIO, onis, /. A hastening, ac- 
celeration, orationis enuntiand^ a., Auct. Her. 

AC-CeLeRO, 1 V. a. and n. 1. Act. : To hast- 
en, accelerate, a. iter, Cebs. ; a. gradum, Liv. — 

Pass., Quint.; Tac. TL Intr.: To hasten^ 

make haste, be expeditious, si accelerare vo- 
lent, ad veeperam conaequentur, Cic. — Impers., 
quantum accelerari posset, as speedily as possible, 

AC-CENDO, ndi, naum. 3 v. a. (ad, obsol. cando, 
make to glow, whence candeo). To set on fire, 
kindle, light up. I. Prop. A) Deus aolem qua- 
si lumen aceendit, Cic. ; rogi accensi, Virg. : ac- 
censtB arae, set on fire, Ov. : a. undas, to heat, Sil. 

B. Metaph.: To make shining or bright, to 

light up, illuminate, lona radils aoHs accen- 

sa, Cic; clypeam a. auro, Sil. II. Fig.: To 

inflame, fire, incite, rouse any one or any 
thing, si base accendi arte possint, Cic ; a. alqm ad 


dotninntinnem, Sail. ; animum ad virtutem, Id. : a. 
jnjarias interpretando, to indie, increasp.. augment, 
Tac. : a. pretium alicui rei, to raise, enhance, Plin. 

AC-CENS£0, ui, itum or nsum, 2 v. a. To 
reckon to or among, add to, his (militibus) 
accenai cornicinee, Liv. : accenseor ilii, / am his 
companion, Ov. 

ACCENSUS, a, um. I. Part, o/accendo: Set on 
fire, &c. II. Part, o/accenseo: Added to. 

ACCENSUS, i, 771. (accenseo). I. That attaches 
''himself to any one, an attendant, follower: heiice, m 
public ojjicer that attends a mngistrate to summon 
parties, to keep peace and order during the sitting 
of a court ; apurstiivant, mes eenger ; a bea- 
dte,sergBani,Tett[viB, qui turn a-Neroni fuit, Cic. ; 
olsn at funerals, as an arranger of the procession, Id. 
II. Plur.: A kind of supernumerary sol- 
diers, who followed the army in order to supply the 
place of the slain in the ranks, Liv. ; — for accensi 
velati, see Velatos. 

ACCENSUS, U8, m. (accendo). A lighting, 
kindling. Plin. 

AC-CENTUS, us, m. (ad, caiitua ; formed after the 
Gr. Trpos&jfita). I. A) A tone or accent of a 

word, Quint. B) A sound, tone, note ofamu- 

sical iJi strn7ae'tit, Sol. II. Increase, growth, 

a. hiemis, doloris, Sid., Marc. Enip. 

ACCEPSO/or accepero. See Accipio. 

ACCEPTiO, onia, f (accipio). I. A taking, 

accepting, Cic; a. frumenti, Sail. il. An 

accepting, allowing, granting a proposition, 

ACCLPTfTO, are, a double verb freg. (from ac- 
cepto,/ro7B accipio). To receive repeatedly, be 
in the habit of receiving, Plaut. 

ACCEPTO, 1 V. freq. (accipio). To receive, 
get, take o/ifiw, a. mercedea a discipulis, Quint ; 
a. jugum. to submit to, svffer, Sil. 

ACCEPTOR, orip, m. («ccipio). I. A receiver, 

approver, Plaut. II. For accipiter, a hawk, 


ACCEPToRIUS. a. um (acceptor). Servicea- 
ble, useful for receiving any thing, a. modu- 
lus, for bailing or drawing water, Frontin. 

ACCEPTRIX, icie, /. (accipio). She who re- 
ceives. Plaut. 

ACCEPTUM, i. See Accipio. 

ACCEPTUS, a, um. I. Part, o/ accipio. II. 

Adj.: Acceptable, agreeable, pleasing, Cic. 

ACCERSO, AccERSiTon. See Arc. 

ACCE3SIBILIS, e (accede). That may be ap- 
proached, accessible, Tert. 

ACCESSIO, onis,/. (accede). .,4 71 approach- 
ing, coming to. I. Gen.: nd corpora accessio, 
Cic. With the constr. o/accedo : in concilium hue 

accessio, Plaut. II. Esp. A) Med. t. t.: A fit, 

attack, paroxysm, Cels. B) I) An addition, 

increase, paucorum nnnorum a., Cic; ad oratio- 
nem fit a. — In the plur. : accessiones fortunee et 
dignitatis, Cic 2) Concr.: A thing added, an ac- 
cession, addition, ap^cTirfii, Scaurusaccessio- 
nem adjanxit a*dibus, added a new portion, Cic: — 
Syphax is called a, Punici belli, as not being the 
chief enemy in the Punic irar, but, as it were, an ap- 
pendix to it, I,iv. C) Rkel. t. t.: An addition 

which makes a definition exact, nisi adhiberet iUam 
magnam acces-aionem, Cic. 

ACCKSSITO, are, v. freq. (accedo). To ap- 
proach, eodem ex agro a,, Cato. 


ACCESSUS, a, nni, part, o/accedo. 

ACCESSUS, fls, 771. (Rccedo). I. A) An ap^ 
preaching or coming to or toward, a. noc- 
tumuB ad urbem, Cic. ; solis a., perihelion, Id. j lu- 
nge acceasu et recesau, increase and wane. Id.: — 
thus, a. et recessus stellarum, the rising and setting, 
Id. — B) Esp.: The flowing of the tide, quorum 
(sestuum) a. et recesaus Iudsb motu gubernnntur, 

fix>w and ebb, Cic. C) Concr. 1) Access, admittance, 

Ov. 2) A place by which to enter, avenue, ace ess, 

passage, Virg. ; a. ad inaulam. Suet. II. 

Fig.: ita pedetentira et gradatim turn accessus a 
te ad causam t'acti, a gradual and cautious approach 
to tlie matter, Cic 

ACCIANUS; a, um. See Attianus. 

ACCiDENS, entis. I. Part, of accldo. TI. 

Subst. A) The accidental, non-essential 
quality of a thing, to trufipe^fjKos '• causa, tempos, 
locus .... cetera rerum aunt accidentia, Quint — 
B) An accident, per accidens, by accident, acci- 
dentally, Jul. Firm. 

ACCIDENTIA, x, f. That which falls out or 
happens, an accident, Plin. 

AC-CIDO. cidi, without a supine, 3 v. n. (ad, 
cade). To fall dow?t at, before, or on any 
thing, to fall down and come to. I. A) 
Prop.: ad pedes omnium a., Cic: — also, in the 
same sense, a. genibus, Liv. : missa (tela) ab Gallis 
gravius acciderent,/afi upon, Caes. With ace.: in- 

cendia a. segetes, Lucr. B) Metaph. To strike 

the senses, to reach any thing by means of 
the sense.';, nihil tam populare ad populi Romani 
aures accidisse, Cic. : — also with dat. : species mul- 
titudinis a. hoatibus, Cans. : — and absoL: clnmor, 
vox, famaa., Liv, Withacc.: sonus a. aures, Plaut. 

II. A) 1) To happen, fall out, come to 

pass; with a dative of the person [evenio is used 
of either fortuna'e or unfortunate occurred res ; con- 
tingo. mostly of fortunate ones ; accido, of occnrrai- 
ces which take us by surprise ; hence, nf such as are 
neither fortunate nor unfortunate ; or of nvfortnnate 
occurrences, inasmuch as every thing sudden and 
unexpected implies the accessory idea of someUiing 
hurtful] : quia enim potest, si quid adverai accide- 
rit (quod cui non accidit?), extimescere, ne id jure 
evenerit? Cic; si qua calamitas accidiaset, Id.— 
Wiihtheinfin.: nei; acciderat mihi opus esse. Some- 
times used of fortunate occurrences; accidit satis 
opportune, Cebs. — Pieonast. : accidit ut, in the 
narrative style, it happens that, Cic ; Nep. 2) Esp. : 
si quid cui accidnt, or si quid humanitua accidat, if 
any thing should happen to one ; euphetnist. for, if 
one should die (conf. tfie (jt. eX ti Tradot), si quid 
pupillo accidisset, Cic. {But ice find it iii its usual 

meaning, Cic Mil. 22, 36, and in other places.) 

B) To turn out, fall out, in any way., si secuB 
accident, not fall out to one's mind, Cic; a. bene, 
to turn out well, Plaut. — C) Gramm. t. t.: To be- 
lo7ig to, Quint 

AC-CiDO, cidi, cianm, 3 r. a. (ad, cwdo). To 
cut at. I. A) Prop.: accidunt nrbores, Caas. — 
B) Gen.: To hew down, cut down, cut off, 
accisa ornua ferro, Virg. ; accisis crinibus, Thc:— 
used of food, to diminish, con snme, acciuis da- 

pibus, Virg. II. Fig. in the past part, nccisus 

{cut off. i. e.) : Impaired, straitened, weaken- 
€ d, acciflie res. Cic. 

AC-ClfiO, ere, /or accio. To tend for or 


ACCINCTUS, 0, urn, part, o/accingo. 

AC-CINGO, nxi, nctum. 3 v. a. (ad, cingo). I, 
A) To gird to or on, laterique accinxerat en- 
sem, Virg. Wiik ike force of a middle verb, accin- 

gitur ense, Virg.; Tac. B) Gen.: To furnish, 

provide joitk, equip, gladiisaccincti, Liv,; herice, 

accinctus miles, Tac. 11, Fi^. A) Gen. : To 

furnish, to provide, magicas accingier artes, 
have recourse to, Virg. ; accingit Phraaten patemum 
ad fastigium, makes him hope for, Tac. ; acclncta 
bonilae, armed, as it were, i. e. ready, at hand, Plin. 
Pnn. — B) Esp. : a. se, or accingi, to set about any 
thing well girded, i, e. welt prepared, to prepare 
one's self, to make one's self ready {taken 
from the girding of one's garment when working) ; 
with ad, io, the dat., or absal. : accingi ad consula- 
turo, Liv, ; a. ae prfedee dapibusque, Virg.; accin- 
gere, make yourself ready, Ter. With inf. ; a. di- 
cere, Virg. Activ. : a. turmas peditum ad munia, 
Tac. As V. n. : accingunt oranea operi, set to work 
lustily, Virg. 

AC-C)CO, Ivi, ifcum, 4 v. a. (ad, cio). I, To send 
for, call or fetch, to a place, summon, acci- 
vero pueros, Cic. ; a. alqm doctorem lillo, Id. — 

Absol.: si accierit, accurram. II. Fig. A) 

Gen. : a. mortem, to make away with one's self, Flor. ; 
accita lascivia, fetched, Tac. — B) Metapk.: To 
cause to come, i, e. procure, nisi virtus volup- 
tatem acciret, Cic. 

AC-CiPIO, cepi, ceptum [fut. tzact. accepso /or 
accepero, Pac] 3 v. a. (ad, capio). To take to 
one' 8 self, to accept [what is given or offered ; 
adipiscor, to get any thing by exertion ; nanciscor, 
to get by a happy occuTvence]. I. A) Prop. : pecu- 
niam accipere, Cic. ; armis obsidibusque acceptis, 
CfiBS. ; a. decumas, to take, levy, Id. ; majores nostri 
Tusculanos ... in civitatem acceperunt, gave the 
rights of citizenship to, Cic. ; nee potiii accipi liber- 
alius, 10 he entertained; a. alqm verberibus, to re- 
ceive, to treat, Id. B) Esp. 1) To accept by ap- 
proving of, to admit, ajiprove of, accipio excu- 
sationem, Cic. ; accepta oratione, approved of, Cses. ; 
acceptEB preces a diis, heard, Liv. Absol. : accipio, 
T agree to it. Til take it, Hor. 2) To receive or 
take any thing in any manner by judging it, con- 
sider, regard, interpret, quod rogae, ut in bo- 
nam partem accipiara, Cic. ; a. alqd asquo animo, 
Sail. ; a. omen, to take or consider as a prognostic, 
Id. ; a. alqm pro stolido, Quint 3) To ta k e upon 
one's self, to «ra rfer? a Ac, judicium ee aceeptu- 
rum esse dicebat, Cic. ; a. litem, Plaut 4) To re- 
ceive any thing bad, to suffer, endure, acci- 
pere injuriam, Cic. II. Metapk. (in a more neu- 
ter sense): To receive, to get. A) Gen.: accepi 
faeciculum literarum, Cic, — B. Esp. 1) a) Mer- 
cantile t. t.: To receive payment, part, pass., 
acceptum, receipt, ut par ait ratio acceptorum et 
datorum, Cic. Hence, b) In acceptum or accep- 
tum rcferre alcui, to carry to one's credit, to at- 
tribute or ascribe (prop, or Jig.), opus in ac- 
ceptum reterre, Cic. — Fig. : mibi vitam suam, for- 
tunas, liberos, rem publicam referret acceptam, 
attributed, had to tha/uk for, Cic. c) Acceptum fa- 
cere alqd, to consider an amount as paid, spon- 
sionem acceptam facere, Cic. 2) To perceive 
any thing, either by means of the mind or the 
senses (to take in, as it were), to observe, hear, 
learn, qusa res sensu accipiuntur, Cic. ; multa au- 
ribns a., Td.; a. eK alqo quee gerantur; audire at- 

que a. ab alqo, Id. ; ut de Hercule accepimua, Id. 
3) To comprehend intellectually any thing com- 
municated, to understan d, get an insight 
into any thing, siquia eat, qui haec putet arte ac- 
cipi posse, Cic. 

ACCIPITER, tris, m. [/. Lucr.] (accipio). A bird 
of prey, hawk, falcon, sparrow-hawk, Cic; 
Plin. ; a. sacer, used for taking auguries, Virg. 
Metapk. : of a rapacious or avaricious person, pe- 
cuniifi accipiter, Plant. 

ACCiPITRO, are, r. a. (accipiter). To tear, 
lacerate, Letsv. ap. Cell. 

ACCiSUa, a, vim, part, qfaccido. 

ACClTUS, a. \nn,part. o/accio. 

ACClTUS, iia, m. (only used in the dbl. sing.) (ac- 
cio). A call, citation, summons, magistratus 
accitu istius evocantur, Cic. 

ACCiUS. li. See Attius. 

ACCLaMaTIO, onis,/. A calling to, a rais- 
ing a shout or cry, exclamation. I, Gen.: 

attenuata nimis a., Auct. Her. 11. Esp. A) A 

cry of disapprobation, Cic. — ~B) A shout of 
applause, acclamation, Liv. — C) RJiet. t. t.: 
An exclamation, i. q. exclamatio, Quint. 

ACCLaMITO, are, v. freq. (acclamo). To call 
to, Plaut 

ACCLaMO, 1 V. n. To raise a cry at, to 
shout to or at (in friendly or hostile manner). 1. 
To shout against, to blame or disapprove 
by skouting ; with dat. : non metuo, ne mihi ac- 
clametis, I fearnot that you will shout against me, 

Cic. II. To shout in favor of, applaud, 

huzza; with dat.: populuset miles Neroni Othoni 
acclamavit, Tac. ; cunctis servatorem liberatorem- 
que acclamantibus,proMm^Aim aloud, hailing him 
as their deliverer, Liv. 

AC-CLaRO, Iv.a. To make clear, explain, 
certa signa acclaraesis (for acclaraveris), Liv. ; a 
t. t., in the language of the augurs, with regard ta 
celestial signs. 

AC-CLlNIS, e (acclino). I. Reclining, lean- 
ing against; with a dat. : arboris a. trunco, Virg. 

II. Fig.: Disposed, inclined, prone, a. 

animus falsis, Hor. 

AC-CLfNO, 1 V. a. I, To lean against or to, . 
ae a. in ilium, she leaned upon him, Ovid.; castra 
acclinata tumulo. Liv. II, Fig.: a se, to in- 
cline to, to have a liking or inclination 
for, acclinare se ad causam, Liv, 

AC-CLIVIS, e, or (seldom) -VUS, a, um (ad, cli- 
vus). Rising like a hill, ascending, steep, 
uphill, ea vi© pars valde acclivia est, Cic; colUa 

ACCLlVtTAS, atia, /. (acclivis). Steepness, 
acclivity, pari acclivitate collis nascebatur, Cajs. 

ACCLIVUS, a, um. See Acclivis, 

ACCOLA, EB, m. (accolo). One who lives near, a 
borderer, a neighbor, pastor accola ejus loci, 
Liv, Metapk. : accolEe Cereris, i. e. zealous worship- 
pers, Cic. Used adj., neighboring; of the trib- 
titaries of the Tiber, accolis fluviis, Tac- 

ACCOLO, coliii, cultum, 3 v. a. I. To dwell 
near, border upon, gens, qua^ ilium locum aC' 
colit, Cic. : — of countries : pars Galliarum a. Rhe- 
num, Tac. Passively : fluvius crebris accolitur dex- 
tra Isevaque oppidis, has many toujns on both banks, 

Plin. IL (i. q. colo) To cultivate, a. vitem. 


ACCOMMODATE, adv. Suitably, agree 

ably, nptly, dicere quam maxime a. od verita- 
tem. Cic. Compar. and Suptrl., both in Cic. 

A(;COMM0DA'nO, onia,/. (accomodo). I. An 
adapting, adj listing, accommo dati ng to 
any thing, elocutio est idoneorum verborum et sen- 

tentiarum ad jnTentionein a., Cic. II. Fig,: 

The accommodaiion of one's will to that of another, 
complaisance, compliance, c o 7i d e s ce n s i o n, 
indulgev ce. ex liberalitate atque accommodati- 
one mngistratuutn Cic. 

ACCOHMODaTUS, a, um. I. Fart, of accom- 

modo. II, Adj. {Adapted to any thing ; hence) 

Fit, suitable, agreeable; with ad or the. dot.: 
oratio ad per&uadendum accommodata, Cic. ; ac- 
commodatsm naturte hominis, Id.; quse mibi in- 
telligia esse accommodata, agreeable to my interests. 
Cumpar., accommodatior, Cic. ; Superl., accommo- 
datissimus, Id. 

AC-COMMODO, 1 V. a. I. To fit, suit, ad- 
just, adapt any thing to another, to lay, put any 
thing on another ; with ad, in, or the dai. : coronara 
eibi ad caput accommodanti, Cic; a. ensem lateri, 

Virg. ; a. iosignia, to put on, Cass. II. Fig. ■• 

A) To adjust, adapt, accommodate any thing 
to miother, meum consilium a. ad tuum, Cic: a. 
vim ad eloquentiam, to suit, Id. ; a. testes ad crimen, 
fur each accusation to examine the respective witness- 
es. Id. ; a. eosdem versus in aliam rem, to apply, 
make, use of. Id. ; thus, a. personam sibi, Id. ; a. alqd 
suorum mdilibus, to give, lend. Id. Esp. ; ut ei oe 

habitatione accomraodes, inay gratify. Id. B) 

Esp.: a. fle ad alqd, to accommodate one's 
!>elfto, conform to, go by, eorum ad arbitrium 
totos se accommodant, Cic. ; a. se ad remp., to apply 

one's self to, to turn to, Id. C) Metaph. .- a. alqd 

alcui, to employ any thing for or about, to ap- 
ply to, to bestow upon, a. curam pecoribus, et 
hortis, Quint. : a. lapidem dentifriciis, to use, make 
use of, prepare for, Plin. 

AC-COMMODUS, a, um. Suitable, fit, or 
adapted to, valles a. fraudi, Virg. 

AC-CONGKRO, essi, estum, 3 v. a. To carry 
or hringto, a, dona huic, Plaut. 

ACCReDO, didi, ditum, 3 v. n. [pros. suhj. ac- 
eredtinfl. Plant.] To give credit to one, assent 
to, believe, vix accredens, communicari cum Di- 
onysio, Cic. ; a. alcui, Hor. 

AC-CRESCO, evi, etum, 3 v. n. I. To grow, 
increase, flumen subito accrevit, grew, swelled, 

Cic. II. A) Gen.: To come in addition 

to, to be added to ; with a dot. : • dictis factisque 
accrescit fides, Liv. ; a. nomen trimetris iambeis, 

Hor. B) To fall to one's share, to devolve 

upon one, in addition to his property. Dig. 

ACCReTIO, onis, /. (accresco). -Qrawth, in- 
crease, accretione luminia, Cic. 

ACCRkTUS, a. um. I. Part, of accresco : 

Grown on to any thing, Plin. II. Adj.: 

Close, solid, a. lapis. Auct J£,XXi. 

ACCUBATIO, onis,/. A wrongreading-instead of 


ACCOBtTlO, onis,/. (accubo). A lying, esp. 
a reclin ing at meals {after the Roman fashion), 
acciibation, sea.sio, accubitio, Cic; a. epularis 
amicorum, Id. : c07if Accumbo. 

ACCOEITUS, us, m. faccubo), i. q. accubitio. A 
reclining {^iuing) at table, Plin. 

AC-COBO, fli, ftum, 1 v. n. To lie near or by; 
with a dat., or abaol. I. Qtn. : furiarum maxima 


juxta accubat, Virg. ; a. cadus horreis, lien in, 
Hor. II. Esp. A) To recline at table {aft- 
er the Roman fashion), mos fuit, ut, qui accubarent, 
canerent, &,c., Cic ; a. alcui in convivio ; apud al- 
quem, Jd. 

AC-CuDO, ere, v. a. To coin more, to coin 
to, to add, tres minas a., Plant. 

AC-CUMBO, cubui, ciibitum, 3 v. n. (ad, cumbo, 
to lay one' s self down at aplace; and hence) To lie 

at a place. I. Gen. : a. in via, Plaut. H. Esp. 

for the purpose of eating, on a couch or sofa, leaning 
the left elbow on mattresses, and taking one's food 
with tiie right hand: To recline at table, buc te 
e balneo, priusquam accumberes, duceise volebat, 
Cic. (On the mode of arranging the couches, and 
reclining at meals, see Anthon's Roman A7uiguiiies, 
p. 319.) 

ACCiS MULaTE, adv. Copiously, abundant- 
ly, liberally, Auct. Her. 

ACCiJMOLATIO, onis,/. (accumulo). A heap- 
ing up of earth at the roots of trees, Plin. 

AC-COMOLaTOR, oris, m. (accumulo). He 
who heaps up or augments, opum primus a., 

AC-CCMOLO, lo. a. I. A) To heap up, amass, 
accumulate, to increase by heaping up, »u^^ 
addit, accumulat, Cic. — B) Bot. t. t.: To heap 
up earth about the roots of trees and vines {perhapM 
for the purpose of giving them shelter against the 

cold), a. radices, vineas, Plin. II. Fig. : To 

heap one iking upon another, to add copious- 
ly, heap, load with, a. ctedem caedi, Lucr. ; a. 
aiiimam nepotis donis, Virg. Absol. : a. inaniter, 
to accumulate words, Gell. 

ACCuRaTE, adv. With care, cautiously, 
accjirately, accurate facere, Cic. ; a. causam di- 
cere. Id. Compar. and Superl., in Cic. 

ACCuRaTIO, onia, /. (accuro). Accuracy, 
diligence, carefulness, exactness, in com- 
ponendis rebus raira a., Cic. 

ACCORaTUS, a, um. I. Fart, of accuro. 

II. Ferformed with care, exquisite, exact, 
elaborate, studied, accurate [of things, but 
diligens of persons], a. et meditatas commentati- 
ones, Cic. Compar. and Superl., in Cic. 

AC-CtJRO, 1 V. a. [accurassis for accuraYeris, 
Plant.] To do a thing with care, to lakt 
care of, attend to, melius accurautur, qute con- 
silio geruntur, &c., Cic. ; a. alqm, to entertain at 
table, Plaut. 

AC-CURRO, cucurri and curri, cursura, 3 v.n. 
1. To run to, to come running ; with ad or in, 
si accierit. accurram, Cic. ; a. in Tusculanum, Id. ; 

a. ad gemituns Tac. Jmpers., Tac. II. Fig. : 

audient^s, ut aimul atque velimus accurraut, Itosten 
toicard, Cic. 

ACCURSUS, lis, m. (accurro). A running to; 
concourse, a. populi, Tac. 

ACCuSaBILIS, e (accuse). Blameworthy, 
reprehensible, quorum a. est turpitude, Cic. 

ACCtSATtO, onis,/. (accuso). I. The act of 
nccusing, an accusation, arraignment, in- 
dictment, ex accusatione constat, Cic; accueatio- 
nem adornare, conflare, to get vp, a. instruere atque 
compnrare, to insiititte, Jd. ; a. faditare, to pursue. 
Id. ; accusationi respondere. to reply to, accusatione 

desistere, to give up, abstain from. Id. —II. 

Conor.: A written charge, in accusationis quin- 
que libria, Jive books of the Impeachment of Tctt^ 

Cic; in quarto accusationis, in the fourth Oration 
against Verres. 

ACCuriA'nVUS, i, 771. (accnso). Gramm, i. t.: 
The fourth, case, the accusative, Quint. (In 
Varr., casus acciisandi.) 

ACCuSaTOR, oris, m. (accuao). la law, 1. 1. I. 
An accuser, plaintiff in a state trial {but peti- 
tor, a plaint iff in a prioaie action] ; ofteit also 
for any kind of accuser, possumus petitoria perso- 

uam capere, accueatoria deponere, Cic. U, 

An informer (i. q. delator), Suet, 

ACCCSaToRIE, adv. With the design of 
an accuser, a. dicnre, Cic. 

AGCOSaToRIUS, a, um (accusator). Belong- 
ing to an accuser, accusatory, a. lex, Cic. 

ACCuSaTRIX, icis, /. (accusator). She who 
calls anyone to account about something, a female 
accuser, a scold (see Accuse, no. 1), Plaut ; 
Plin. Eg. 

ACCuSIETO, «te,v.freq. (accuse). To accuse, 

AC-Ct3SO, 1 y, a, {from ad, causa, as concludo 
from claudo). I. Geji. A) To call any one to ac- 
count, to utter reproaches, to blame, repri- 
mand,8cold, chCde, find fault with (cf. causa, 
eauaor, causam dicere), et orare et jam liberius a., 
ut, &c., Cic. ; a. alqm de epistolaruin negli^entia, 

to blame for negligence.. Cic. B) Of things: To 

blame, to find fault with, reproach, despe- 
rationem a- solitus eras, Cic. : a. culpam alcjs, to 

lay Ike fault on ane, Id. II. Ssp. A) In Law, i. 

t. : To sue any one at law,-to bring an action against 
any one (ad causam dicendam provocare), ar- 
raign, impeach, accuse (alqm, alqm crimine, 
alqm alcjs rei, dere; inter; capitis, Cic), accusant 
ii, qui in fortunas hujus invas^runt, causam dicit is, 
cui nihil reliquerunt, Cic: — thus, accusatua rei 
capitalis, Id. ; qui inter sicarioa et de venetieiis ac- 
cusant, Id. ; a- alqm id, illud, Plaut. 3) Casus 

occusundi, Gram. 1. 1, ; ike accusative case, Varr. 

ACe, e8,f.CA.K-q). Aceor Acco in Galilee, called 
afterward Ptolemais or Ace a, now St. Jean d'Acre^ 
Nep. ; Plin. 

aCeO, ui, 2 V. n. To be sour, acid, sharp, 
vinum a., Cato. 

XCER, eris, n. [f. Serv.] (itsed only in the nom. 
and gen. sing.). I. A maple-tree, a maple 
{Fam. AcerineiE), Plin. II. Metaph.: Maple- 
wood, Ov. 

aCEH, cris, ere [m. acria, Enn. :—;/*. acer, Nebv. 
and Enn. : acrus, a, um, Pallad.] {the root a c, 
wkence also acies, acuo, conf. «jc^, olkCs ; pointed ; 
hence) Sharp, poig7iant, piercing, keen, pun- 
gent, acrid, tart, sour. L Prop.: {esp.ofwhat 
affects tke senses), Acerrimi integerrimique sensua, 
Cic. ; oculos acres atque acutos, skarp and pierc- 
ing. Id. : — thits, acerrimus sensua videndi, Id. ; acria 
rapula, Ilor. ; unguenta acerrima suavitate condita 
(of^. " ttioderata") ; mel ex dulci acre, bitter-sweet, 

Plin. ^II'. Fig. A) Acute, keen, sagacious, 

penetrating, vir acerrimo ingenio, Cic. ; a. me- 
moria. Id. — B; As to the character tyr qualities of 
anyone, in agood or badsense. I. In agoodsense: 
zealous, ardent, eager, sprightly, strenu- 
ous, and the like, vir acer et iridustrius in rebus 
gerendis, Cic. ; acerrimus civis, an ardent patriot, 
Ijd. : acer equus, a spirited, mettlesome steed, Virg. 
Wiih gCAi. : Vespasianus acer militiai, Tac. fyilh 
inf., SiL 2) In a bad sense: violent, wild, pas- 


sionate, severe, hard, tarn veheraene vir tarn* 
que acer in ferro, Cic; acerrimum et maximum 
bellum, Id. 

iCERBE.rtdy. Harshly, sharply, severely, 
cruelly, painfully, a. nimium est accusatua, 
Cic Compar., acerbiua invehi in alqm. Superl., 
acerbissime alqd ferre, Cic 

iCERBiTAS, atis, /. (acerbua). Skarpness, 
harshness. l.Prop.: Sourness, bitterness, 
tartness, i'ructus magna acerbitate permixti, Cic. 
U. Ftg.: Sharpness. A) Of moral quali- 
ties: Harshness, austerity, severity, incivil- 
ity, severitatem prabo, acerbitatem nullo modo, 
Cic ; nomen vestrum acerbitati acitote nationibus 
exteria futurum, 6i«fir AoTrfld, Id. B) Grief sor- 
row, anguish, affliction, and the like, a. anm- 
mi luctus, Cic. In the plur. : omnes acerbitatea 
perferre, Cic. 

iCERBO, 1 V. a. (acerbua). L To make any 
thing bitter, embitter, a. regni munus alcni, 
Stat. II. Metaph.: To increase any thing disa- 
greeable, aggravate, formldine crimen a., Virg. 

JtCERBUS, a, um (jrom acer, as superbua/rom 
super). Sharp. I. Prop.: Harsh {to the taste), 
sour, tart, a. sapor, Plin.; a. corpus Neptuni. i. e. 
bitter, salt sea-water, Lucr. : — (of sounds), vox acer- 

bissiraa, very rough, harsh, Auct. Her. B) Un r ipe, 

untimely, a. uva (opp. matura), Phffldr.: thus, 
acerbiasima oliva, Plin. Metaph. {the image is taken 
from unripe, sour fruits) : a. virgo, not yet mar- 
riageable, Varr. ; a, partus, a premature delivery, 
Ov, II. Fig. A) Of the temper: Harsh, rig- 
orous, forbidding, austere, ill-natured, 
churlish, cruel, acerboa inimicos, Cic; asotos 
ex Aristippi, acerbos e Zenonis schola, prodigals 
from Aristippus's and churlish people from Zeno's 
school. Id. ; acerbissimi feneratores, very hard, Id. ; 

acerbisaimus liostis, most violent. Id. B) Of 

things: Bitter, hard, unpleasant, sad, acer- 
bisaimum supplicium, Cic. ; a. mora, distressing, 
affl-icting, Nep. Neut. pi. acerba, adv., Virg. 

XCEK.NUS, a,um (acer). Of maple, a.trabes, 
Virg. ; a. mensa, Hor. 

XC6R03US, a, um (acus). Full of chaff, a. 
far, Lucil. 

XCERRA, EB, /. {probably for acema, sc. arciila, 
from acer, of maple), A small wooden box for car- 
rying incense, a censer, Cic; a. plena turis, Hor. 

itCERR^, arum, /. Acerrte. 1. A town in 
Campania, near Naples, now Acerra, Liv. ; Virg. 
2. A town in Umbria, called, for distinctions sake, 
Va trice, Plin. 

aCERRaNI, orum, m. Inhabitants of Acer- 
rm in Campania, Liv.; Plin. 

ACERRONIUS, G. Acerronius, a Roman 
proper' name, Cic. 

XCERSeCDMeS, eb, VI. {aKepa-eKOfit^i;, with uncut 
hair). A young man, youth, Juv, 

aCeRUS, a, um (a»ojpos). Without honey, 
mel a., which drops of itself from the comb, virgin 
honey, Plin. 

XCERVaLIS, e (ncevvus). Accumulated: a 
dialectic t. t.for o-topeiTijs -• a conclusion by accumu- 
lation, a sorites, Cic. See Ackevus. 

XCERVaTIM, adv. (acervua). By accumula- 
tion, I. Prop.: by or in heaps, confertos a. mora 

accumulahat, Lucr. ; a. ponere stercua, Varr. 

II; F^. : of speech : By the mass, summarily, suc- 
cinctly, concisely; multa a. frequentans, ;»rcs9- 



ii\g many ideas into a sentence, Cic. ; a. jam reliqna 
dicam, ld._ 

ICERVaTIO, onis,/. A heaping up, accu- 
tnulatiov, a. saporum, i.e. of various kinds, Plin. 

JtCERVO, 1 V. a. (acervu6). To heap, lay to- 
gether. I. Prop.: fl. ^lanicum, Plin.; acervantur 

tnuricum modo, accumulate, gather, collect, Id. 

II. Fig. : To heap, i. e. to multiply., increase, 
in immenso aliarum super alias acervatarumlegum 
cumulo, l-iv. ; a. verba, eensus, Quint. 

XCERVUS, i, m. {allied to acer, acies, oki's, ctKpoy, 
a quantity rising in hills as it were, a heap (esp. 
of homogencmts objects). I. Prop.: Heap, pile, 
hoard, a. tritici, Cic. ; a. corporum, Id. ; ctecus a., 

i. e. a chaos, Ovid. II. Fig. A) A heap, mass, 

a great quantity, multitude, a. facinorum, 

Cic. ; a. officiorum, Plin. B) A dialectic t. t. : A 

conclusion by accumi/lation, sorites, Cic; Hor. 

aCESCO, acui, 3 v. inch. n. (aceo). To grow 
or turn sour, quodcumqueinfundisacescit, Hor. ; 
lac a., Plin. 

XCeSiNkS, £b, m. ('AKeo-tiTjy). Acesines, a 
tributary of the Indus, now Chunah or Ckenaub, 
Plin.; Curt. 

ZC£S1NUS, i, m. Acesinus, a river in Tauria, 
Plin.: hence, Acesinus, a, um, of or belong ing 
to the Acesinus, A. agmina, Val. Fl. 

JtCESIS, is,/. (aKeo-i?). A kind of borax, or, as 
some make it, the herb water-s ag e, Plin. 

ICESTA, ffi, or ACESTe, es,/. CAxeoTa, 'Ak4ct- 
T)j). Ace St a, a town in Sicily, formerly Egesta, 
afterward Sfgesta, Virg. 

ACESTiEI or ICESTEI, orum, m. Inhabit- 
ants of Ace St a, Plin. 

ICESTENSES, ium, m. Inhabitants of 
Acesta, Cic. 

ICeTaBOLUM, i, 71. (acetum). originally a ves- 
sel for holding vinegar, vinegar-cruet: hence, 
metaph. I. A vessel in the form of a cup, a 
cup, Quint.; a certain measure, for wet and dry 
things, the fourth of a hemina, Cato; Plin. : a cup 

or boss with which Jugglers play, Senec. II. 

In Anatomy; the socket or pan of the hip- 
bone, Plin. III. In Zoology; the sucker of 

a polypus, Plin. IV. In Botany; a flower- 
cup, caliz, Plin. 

XCeTaRIA, orum, n. (acetum) : sc. olera. Raw 
herbs prepared with vinegar, a salad, Plin. 

XCeTUM, i, n. {originally the part, of aceo, 
grown sour: hence, sc. vinum). I. Wine vine- 
gar; or simply, vinegar, Liv.; a. acre, Hor.: 

mulsum a , mead, Plin. II. Fig. {as sales /ro/n 

sal): Pungent wit, raillery, }ioT. 

ICHjEMeNES, is, m. Achamenes, the first 
king of Persia, grandfather of Cyrus : dives A., po- 
etic for great or Asiatic wealth in general, Hor. 

lCH.(EM]tNiD.ffi, arum, m. Descendants of 
A chtzmen es, Plin, 

XCH.ffiMENIUS, a, um (Achaamenes). Poetiu 
for Persian, Ovid. 

JCCH^nS, i, m. ('Axatos). Ackaus. ^. A son 
of Xutlius, brother of Ion, ancestor of Uie Achaans. 
3. A king of Lydia, Ov, 

ACH.iEI)i?, a, um ('AxaioO- I- Belonging to 
Achaia, Ackaian, as subst. an inhabitant 

of Achaia, Liv. 11. Gen.: Grecian, and 

aubsr. Achm\, orum, m. A) Grecian s {see AcHA- 
lA), Plin. Hence — B) The inhabitants of a Grecian 
colony on the Euxinc Sea, Ov. — C) Portua Achea- 


orum, the harbor of Troy where the Greeks landed, 

XCHaIA, Ee,/. CA^ata). Achaa. 1. A district 
in the north of the Peloponnesus, along the Gulf of 
Corinth, Plin. 2. From the time of Sulla, Greece, 
as a Roman province, Cic. 

XCHaIcAS, adis,/. (Acbaia). A female Acha^ 
an or Grccian,Ov\d.. 

aCHaiCUS, a, xvm. Achaan., Grecian, A. 
nefrotium, Cic; A. ignis, Hor. : Achaicus, surname 
of L. MummiUB, from the cenquest of Greece. 

XCHaIS, idis, poet., i. q. AchiBft A female 
Achcean or Greek, Ovid. 

XCHaIUS, a, \xm,paet.for Achaicus, Achaan, 
Greek, Virg. 

XCHARNjE, arum,/. Acharnce, a tozon or vil- 
lage of Attica, Stat. Hence, Acharnanus, a, um, of 
Acharnm, Nep. 

XCHARR^, arum,/. Acharra, atownofThes- 
saly, Liv. 

XCHaTES, Ee, m. and /. (o a-xanii). Agate, 

XCHaTES, ae, m. Achates, a companion of 
.Mneas, Virg. 
I XCHfiLoIAS. adis, and XCHfiLOl'S, idia, /. 
Daughter of Achelous, Acheloiades Sirenes, 
Ov. ; Acheloides, Id. 

XCHfiLoiUS, a, um. I. Of or belonging ta 
the River Achelous, Virg.; Ov.; A. Callirrhoe, 
daughter of the Achelous, Ov. II. Met.: Ita- 
lian, A. heros, Tydeus, son of (Eueus, king of JEto- 
lia, Stat. 

XCH£LotJS, i, m. CAx«^woO- Achelous. I. A 
river of Central Greece, now Aspropotamo, Plin. 
II. The rivergod Achelous, Ov. 

ACHeRINI, orum, m. Acherini, a people of 
Sicily, Cic. 

XCHERON,ontis,m. ('Aj(e'pwi'). Acheron. l.A 
river of Epirus, now Deliki, Liv. 2. A river in 
Lower Italy, now Acri, Plin. 3. A fabulous river of 
the infernal regions, Cic. Hence, for the infer- 
nal regions, fiectere si nequeo superos, Ache- 
ronta movebo, Virg. 

XCHeRONTeUS, tt, um. Of or belonging 
to Acheron, Claud. 

XCHSRONTfA. oe, /. Acherontia, a smaU 
town of Lucania, on the borders of Apulia, now 
Acerenza, Hor. 

XCHKRUNS, untis, m. and /., i. q. Acheron 3, 
Plaut ; Lucr. : — Acheruntis pabulum. /oorf/or Ache- 
ron {=zheir), said of an abandoned maJi, Plaut: — A. 
ulmorum, of a slave on whose back many rods were 
broken, Id. 

XCHgRUXTICUS, a, um. Belonging to, or 
fit for, Acheron, or the in fernal regions, 
A. regiones, Plaut ; A. senex, Id. 

XCHeROSIA, (P./. Achernsia. I. A lake in 
Epirus, from which the River Acheron flows, Plin. 
2. A lake in Campania, south of Cuma., now Logo 

Fusaro, Plin. II. A cave' in Bithynia, from 

which Cerberus is said to have been fetched, Plin. 

XCHERuStUS, a,um. I. Belongingto Ache- 
ron, in Calabria, Liv. n. Belonging to 

Acheron, or the infernal regions, A. tem- 
pla, the infernal regions, Lucr. : A. vita, a miserable 
life. Id. 

XCHeTA, a», m. (axt'n)?, 17x^^175, sounding). 
The male singing cicada or grasshopper, Plin. 

ACHILLA, 6B. Sec Agholla. 


XCHILLAS, 8B, m. Achillas, the murderer of 
Pompcy, Cuis. 

ACHILLEA, 8e, /. Milfoil (a. millefolium^ 
Fam.' Sijnanihereai), Plin. : called also nchiHeos, Id. 

iCHILLESfS, idis, /. (Achilles). The Achille- 
id. a poem of Statins, treating^ of Achilles. 

ACHILLES, is [poet., AchiUeus, ei], m. C'Axt\- 
Xcii?). I. Achilles, a celebrated Grecian hero, son 

ofPeleus king of Thessaly, and of I'hetis, Cic. 

II. Met. : For a handsome and powerful man, Plaut. 

iCHILLElIS. a. um (Achilles). I. Of or be- 
longing to Achilles, stirps A., Virg. ; A. ma- 
nes. Ov. : A. statuee, statues in the posture of Achil- 
les, Plin. : A. cothurnus, a lofty tragic style. Prop. 

11. Esp. A) Achillea insula. 1) An island at 

tliB mouth of the Boryathenes {now Dnieper), called 
also Leuce, where Achilles was buried, Plin. 2) An 

island near Samoa, Plin. B) Achilleus cursus, a 

peninsula on the Black Sea, where Achilles celebrated 
games, Plin. — C) Achilleum (jac. oppidum), A town 
of Troas, near Sigeum, Plin. 

Aet'Si^?). A descendant of Achilles, Ov. 

XCHlVUS, a, um (Achteus with the digamma). 
Achaan, Grecian {aee Achaia), A. castra, Ov, 
Subst. Achivi, the Greeks, Cic. 

ACHLIS, is, /. A wild beast of the North, perhaps 
tite same as alces, PMn. 

iCHOLLA or ACHILLA, eb, / Acholla, a 
town of Africa, near Tapsua, Auct. B, Afr. 

ACHRXDINA or ACRADINA, «, /. Achra- 
din a, apart of Syracuse, Cic. 

ACHRAS, adia and ados, /. (o-xpas). A wild 
pear-tree, Colum. 

iClA, w,f. (acus). Sewing-thread, Cels." 

ICiDaLIA, 80,/. CAfcifittAta). Acidalian, an 
epithet of Venus, perhaps from the fountain Acidafius 
in Bmotia, where she used to bathe, Virg. 

iClDlLiUS, a, um (Xcidnlia). BeloTtging to 
Venus, A. nodus, the girdle of Venus. Mart. 

AClDtJLUS, a, um. I. Somewhat sour, sour- 
ish, a. sapor, Plin. 

iCIDUS, a, um (aceo). L Sour, acid, tart, 
biti7tgt a. aorba, Virg.; n. inula, Hor. ; a. creta, 

steeped ill vinegar. Mart. H. Fig. A) Sharp, 

Ae era, homo acidftj lingusB, Senec. B) Unpleas- 
ant, disagreeable, harsh, id sane est invisum 
acidunique duobus, Hor. 

iClES, ei {gen. acii and acie, as dii and die. facii 
and facie. Gel!.] /. (allied to acer, aKt's, a«^). A) Th e 
sharp point or edge, as of a sword, axe, sickle, 
&c., aciem aecurium tuarum vidit, Cic; a. falcis, 

Virg. : — the sharp point of a apear, Ov. B) Metaph. 

I) Of the sense or faculty of sight, a) Sharpness 
of vision or sight, keen sight, ne vultum 
quidem atque aciem oculorum ferre potuisse, Caas. ; 
ftigere aciem, Cic. b) Concr. : The p up il of the 
ei/e, aciea ipsa, qua cernimus, quae pupilla vocatur, 
Cic. Poet, for the eye itself: hue geminas flecte 
acies, Virg. 2) Milit. t.t.: r) Line of battle, 
battle array, line of soldiers, abstr. and con- 
cr., quibua ego si aciem exercitue nostri ostendero, 
Cic. ; stntuit non proeliis, neque acie, sed alio more 
bellum gerendura, Sail. ; tertiam aciem castra mu- 
nire jussit, Cffis. ; novissima a., rear, Liv. : a. tri- 
plex instructa, army drawn up in three lines, Caes. : 
dextra a., right wing, Liv. : duHB aciee, both armies, 
Caes. : agmina magis quam aciea pugnabant, in or- 
der of march, rather than in order of battle, Liv. : 

aciem iBstrnere, dirigere, explicare, dilatare, dis- 
tendere, CaiS. ; Liv. : — sometimes of the cavalry, Liv. : 
also of the battle array of ahlpa, Nep. h) A battle, 
action, engagement (i. q. pugna), in acie Phar- 
aalica, Cic. ; copias in aciem ducere, Liv. 3) Aciea 
ferri, stttel, Plin. 4) Sheen, brightness, a.8tella- 

rum, Virg. II. Fig. A) Sharpness, force, 

power, might, prowess^ weight, influence, 
patimur hebescere aciem horum (patrum) auclori 
tatis, power, Cic. 2) Acutenese, shrewdness 
of intellect, ability, ad eam rem habeo om- 
nem aciem, Plaut. ; nulla aciea ingenii tanta, Cic. 
— Poet.: a. Vulcania, the violence of the flames, Virg. 
B) An intellectual contest, discussion, de- 
bate, ad philoHophoa me revocas, qui in aciem non 
aiepejjrodeunt, Cic. 

iCiLlANUS, a, um. Belonging to Aciliua, 
annales A., Liv. 

XCILIUS, a, um. Acilian, gens A., a plebeian 
family at Rome. 

XCiVtUS, ii, m. Acilius, a Roman proper 
name, Cic. 

ACINA. See Acinus. 

aCiNXCES, is, m. (aKirowTj?). A short sword 
of the Persians and Scythians, a Persian dagger, 
Hor. ; Curt. 

XCI'NaRIUS, a, um (acinus). Of or belong- 
ing to grapes, dolia n.,for keeping grapes, Varr. 

XCiNoSUS, a, um (acinus). L Full of grapes, 

Plin. (al., racemosus.) II. Resembling 

grapctt. Id. 

XCINUS, i, 77?.., and XCINUM, i, n. fXcina, re, 
Catull.] A berry, espec. a grape, raisin, Cic; 

Colum. (of ivy, Plin.). II. A grape-stone, 

kern el. Plin. 

XCIPENSER, erie, and XCfPENSIS. is, m. (^kl- 
TT^o-toy). A fiah much liked by the Romans, perhaps 
the sturgeon, Cic. 

aCIS, is, and idis, m. and f CAjci^). Acis. 

I. Masc. A) A river in Sicily, which rises in Mount 
^tiia, now called Chiaci. — B) The name of the river- 
god, son of Faun us, beloved by Galatea, Ov. 

II. Fern.: One of the Cyclades, Plin. 

ACLIS, idis,/. (a.yKvkCs). A small dart or 
javelin, Virg. 

ACMON, onis, m. Acmon, a companion of 
JEueas, Virfr. 

ACMoNENSIS, e. Belonging to Acmonia, 
a town of Phryifia Major, Cic 

ACMONIDES, ie. m. Ar.monides (prop, son of 
Acmon, i. e. the anvil), one of the servants of Vulcan, 


ACNOA or ACNA, fe, /. (a.Keva or SiKaiva). A 
measure, of land, 120 feet square, called also actus 
quadratus, Varr. 

XCCENGNOeTUS, i, m. (aKoivovo-nros). That 
wants common sense, Juv. 

XCCETIS, is, /. (oKotrt?)-- ^ concubine, Lucil. 

XCQNiTUM, i, n. (clkovitov). Aconite, com- 
mon mo7tk's-hood or wolf's- bane (Fam. Ra- 
nunculaceai), Plin. 

XCONTf^, arum./. (aKovrCai), Meteors with 
arrow-like tails, Plin. 

XCONTIUS, ii, m. Acontius. 1. A lover of 
Cydippe. Ov, II. A mountain in Bceotia, Plin. 

iCOPOS, ue, m. andf, or Xcdpon, um, 1, n. (aKo- 
ffos). I. A kind of stone, pirhaps crystallized . 

quartz or spar, Plin. II. Fern. : An kerbuaed 

in child-birth, called also anagyros, Plin. 



III. Acopum (sc. medicamentum or unguentum), 
a lenitive or atTengtheiiing salve, Plin. 

SCOR, oris, m. (aceo). 1- The sour flavor of any 
thing, sourness, tartness, acidity, Quint. 
—II. Fig., Plin. Ep. 

XCORNA, ffl, /. ioLKopva), A kind of thistle, 

iCORUS, i, /., and Acorura, i, n. (aKopos and 
aKopov). Sweet-flag, sweet-cane {Fam. Aroi- 
deoi), P)in, 

ACQUIESCO, evi, etum, 3 v. n. Prop. : To 
rest or repose in or at. I. Prop.: vitandi calo- 
ris cauaa Lanuvii tres horas ar.quieveram, Cic. ; 
acquieturum te ease dixisti. Of things: To rest, 
have cr find rest, aures extremum eemper ex- 
Bpectant in eoque a., Id. ; a. res familiaris, remains 
untouched or undiminished, Liv. : — to rest from one's 
labors, sink to his final rest, euphem., for '^ to die," 

anno a. septuagesimo, Nep. ; Tac. II. J^;^. 

A.)To find res tin the gratification of one' s wishes, 
desires, &.C., to repose or delight in, to enjoy, 
acquiesce ijt, be delighted with; usually 
with in, seldom with a?i abl. or dot., nulla est respub- 
lica, quae delectet, in qua acquiescam, Cic. With 
abl.: qui maxime P. Clodii morte acquierunt. 
With dat. : cui velut oraculo acquiesce bat, assent to, 
put confidence in. Suet.— ~-B) To make one's self 
easy about a thing, to tranquilize one's 
self to be quiet, tu quum ea commotua, acqui- 
escis, Cic. 

AC-QUIRO, sivi, situin, 3 v. a. (ad, quaero). I. 
To acquire, get, procure, obtain in addi- 
tion; with ad or a dat. : mihi ipsi quid est quod ad 
vitEB fructum possit acquiri? Cic; a. ad honorem, 
ad gloriam, Id. ; a. vires eundo, to gain or gather 

strength by running, Virg. II. A) Gen. : To 

gain, get, procure^ sibi quod ad usum vitae per- 
tinent acquirere, Cic. ; a. pauca (nova verba), Uor. 
— B) Absol. : To get wealth, Quint. ; Juv. 

ACR^ arum, /. ("AKpai). Acra. 1. A town 
of Sicily, now in ruins, near Pallazola, lAv,; Sil. 
2. A town in the Tauric Chersonesus, Plin. 

ACR^.PHIA, ffi, /. ("Aicpat^ia). Acraphia, a 
town of Bcenlia, Liv. 

ACR^US, a, um {'A.Kpalo';, dwelling on the 
heights). An epithet of Jupiter, Liv.; of Juno, Id. 

ACRaGaS, antis, m. ('AKpava?). Acragas, a 
mountain of Sicily, and the town on it, near the prom- 
ontory Pachynum; the town usually called Agri- 
gen tum, now Girge7iti, Virg. Hence the adj. Ac- 
ragantinus, Agrigentine, said of Empedocles, 
Lucr. See Agrigentum. 

ICRaTOPHORUM, i, n. (aKparo^opov). A ves- 
sel (jug-, bottle) for holding unmixed wine, Cic. 

aCReDOLA, te,/. An unknown bird, for the Gr. 
okoXvyoiv, perhaps a thrush, or owl, Cic 

aCRICdLUS, a, um, dim. (acer). Somewhat 
sharp, acute, ille a. senex Zeno, morose, sour, 
Cie. Conf. AcEKBus. 

ACRILLjE, ai-um,/. Acrilla, a town of Sicily, 

aCRIMoNIA, eb, /. (acer). Sharpness, both 
agreeable and disagreeable (but acerbitaa only disa- 
greeable), pungency {of mustard, and the like). 
I. Prop. : a. brassicffi. Cat. ; a. sinapis, Plin. Xn 
plur., acrimonite nilii vel casparum, Col.; a. etom- 
tLchi, acidity, Id. II. Fig.: Intellectual sharp- 
ness, power, energy, vehemence, si Glabrionis 
patris vibi et acrimoniam ceperis, Cic. ; convenit 

in vultu pudorem et a. inesse, a powerful expreg- 
sion. Id. 

aCRISIoNe, es,/. ('AKpto-toin]). The daugh- 
ter of Acrisins, i. e. Danae, Virg. 

aCRISIoNeUS, a, um. " That helo-.^gs to 
A crisiust A. arces, i. e. Argos, Ov. ; A. muri. i. e. 
Ardea, built by Danae, Sil. ; A. coloni, Argive, Virg. 

ACRlSioNfiDES, ai, patr. m. ('AKpto-twvtafijjs). 
A descendant of Acrisius, L e. Perseus, son 
of Danae, Ov. 

aCRISIUS, ii, OT. CA/cptVtos). A crisius.aking 
of Argos, son of Abas, and the father of Danae, Ov. 

aCRITER, adv. (acer). Sharply, strongly, 
vehemently, eagerly, a. sojem intueri, Cic. ; a. 
se morti offerre, courageously. Id. ; a. videre vitia, 
sharply, accurately : yirgiB a., aedere, severely, cruel- 
ty, Id. Compar. ; a. persequi alqd, Id. Superl. : 
acerrime contemplari, very sharply, very carefully, 
a. egere, to be in great want, Plaut. : a, occupatus, 
very muck, exceedingly, Nep. 

aCRQaMa, atis, n. (ouepoofLa : what is heard with 
pleasure, an ear-treat, hence) I. Music, perform- 
ance, recitation at table {at banquets), Cic; 

Nep. II, Conor.: A person who entertains 

others at table by music, recitation, or wit; a min^- 
strel, singer, player, also a reciter of stories, 
humorist, non solum spectator, sed actor et aero- 
ama, Cic ; festivum acroama, Id. ; a. et histriones, 

aCROaSIS, is,/. (aKpoatrts, a hearing, listening, 
hence met.). I. A learned discourse or lec- 
ture, Vitr, ; Suet. II. A company of listeners 

to a learned lecture or discourse, a learned audi- 
ence, auditory, Cic. 

ACR5C6RAUN1A, orum, w. The Acrocerau 
ni-an Mountains. I. A high ridge of mountains 
projecting into the sea, and dangerous to ships, fie- 
tween Macedonia and JEpirus, Hor. ; also, Acroce- 

raunium promontorium, Plin. II. Met. adj.: 

Acrocerauniua, a, um, dangerous, A. vita, Ov. 

ICROCHORDON, finis,/ (oKpoxopSuv). A kind 
of wart, a pendulous wart, Cels. 

ACR0C5RINTHUS or os, i. / CA-KpoKopivBo^). 
The Acrocorinthvs, citadel of CoriTUh, Plin.; 
Liv. Ace. Acrocorinthon, Mel. 

ACRON, onis, m. Acron, king of ike Cieninians, 
slain by Romulus in battle, Prop. 

ACRONOMA SAXA. An unknown place in Lower 
Italy, Cic. 

ACTA, oi-um, n. pi. (ago). Acts, deeds; ex- 
ploits, achievements ; acts, decrees (of the 
Senate), resolutions ; acta pvhiica, public records, 
vid. more fully under Ago, II. B. b. a. 

ACTA, te,/. (ojcttJ). The sea-shore, sea- side, 
coast, esp. as a resideyicefor pleasure, in actis noa- 
tris esse, Cic; Baias, actns, convivia jactant. Id. 

ACTiEoN, onis, m. ('A»fTatW). Actceon, a 
grandson of Cadmus, changed into a stag, lorii in 
pieces by his dogs, Ov. 

ACT.^U3, a, um ('AKraios), poet. i. q. AtUcus. 
Of or belonging to Attica^ Attic, Athenian, 
A. arces, Ov. ; A. conjux. Id. : A. Aracyntbus (as ks- 
ing on the Imrdtr of Attica), Virg. 

ACTIiCUS, a, um. Of or belonging to Ac- 
tium, Actian, A. victoria, the victory at Actium, 
Tac. ; A. legiones, having fought at Actinm^ Id. : A. 
ludi, {instituted by Augustus) to celebrate the victory 
at A ctium, Suet i—hence, A. religio, the Actian games, 


ACTlSS,&diB,f.CAjeTLw),poet, l,Aii Athenian 

female, A. Orithyia, Virg. II, Belonging 

to Acf.ium,A. Cleopatra, conquered at Actium, Stat. 

ACTIO, dnia,/. (ago). I. A movhig, motion, 

in singulis tetrantorum actionibus, Vitr. II. A 

doing, performance, operation, action, act- 
ivity. A) Qen.: deos apoliat actione divina.Cic; 
aomnus actionem tollit omnem. Id. ; virtutis laus 
onanis in actione consistit, Id. — Also witkgen. aubj. : 
non esse ab actione corporis sejugatam, Cic. ; ad 
rea parandas. quibus actio vitsB continetur, active, 
^■actical life. Id. — Also with gen. obj. : negatis hc- 
tionem ullius rei posse in eo esse, Id. ; gratiarum 
actio, thanks. Id. ; a. maximtB cnusEe, conduct, Id. 
— — B) Esp. 1) Activity in state affairs, an 
official function, a transaction, manage- 
ment, negotiation, a. de pace sublata eat, Cic, 
In the plur. : scrtptia actionea nostras mandaremus, 
state speeches, Cic. 2) In Law, t.t.: a) A judicial 
transaction, process, or action, a. injuriarum, 
an action of damages, Cic; actionem perduellionis 
intendere, to bring an action of treason against any 
one ; also instituere, Id. ; dare actionem alcja rei, to 
grant the right to bring an action (said of praitors), to 
permit an action. Id. ; postulare actionem alcjs rei, 
to demand leave to bring an action, Id. ; thus, qum- 
rere jus actionemque alcja rei, Id, ; actionea et rea, 
the processes and the property in question, Liv. b) 
A speech upon the action, a charge, im^- 
peachment, a. prima and a. secunda in Verrem, 
Cic; Cluint. c) A form at law, form of pro- 
cess used, in the old Roman laio, by the plaintiff in 
order to support his cause, Cic. ; actionea Hostiliante, 
processes concerning inheritance. Id. ; actionea Man i- 
lianjse, for buying and selling. Id. 3) Rhet. 1. 1. : De- 
livery (of an orator or actor), action, used of an 
orator, Cic; of an actor, Id. 

ACTfoSUS, a, urn. Turbulent, mulierea a,, 
qnarrelsonie, Plaut. 

ACTITO. are, v.freq. (ago). To plead or per- 
form oft e n (used of Judicial and dramatic actions), 
multas privatas causas a., Cic. ; a. tragoedias, Id. 

ACTIUM, ii, n. Actium. \. A jyromontory and 
city in Acarnania, on the Ambracian Gulf, celebrated 
for the victory of Augustus over Antoniits and Cleo- 
patra, 31 B.C., Plin. ; Suet. 2. A harbor near Cor- 
cyra, Cic. 

ACTIUNCtJLA, 8B,/. dim. (actio). A short ju- 
dicial Fpeech or accusation, Plin, Ep. 

ACTIUS, a, um, poetic for Actiacua. Of or b e- 
longing to j4f:£iMm, A. litora, Virg, ; A. Phoebus 
{who had a temple at Actium), Prop. 

ACTlVUS,a,um (ago). I. Active, practical, 
philoaophia a., the practical, opp. to " contemplativa" 
{contempUUiv^, Sen.; a. causa, opp. to "spectativa" 

thesis, Q,uint ^11. Gramm. t. t. : verba activa, 

denoting action, opp. to "neutra" or "intransitiva," 
Char. : Diom. 

, ACTOR, oris, m. (ago). I. He who sets a thing in 
motion, a mover or driver, a pecoris, Ov. ; a, 

Balearicus habenee, a sUnger, Stat. II. He who 

does or accomplishes any thing ; an agent, a doer, 
performer. A) Gtn.: oratorem verborum ac- 
toremque rerum, Cic (a translation of irpyjKTvipa 
epytov, Hom. II. 9, 443) ; dux, auctor, a. rerum ilia- 
rum fuit, Cic. (instead of which, illo auctore atque 

agente, Caes.) B) Esp. 1) Law t. U: n) He who 

^mds a cause (for himself or as attorney) ; an ac- 
cuser, plaintiff, attorney, pleader (in any 


kind of process), accuaatorem pro omni actore ap- 
pello, Cic b) Met. : He who manages the affairs of 
another; a manager, steward, agent, a. pub- 
licus, an administrator of the public funds, Tac : a. 
summarum, a keeper of accounts. Suet. 2) Rhet, t. 
t. : He who delivers any thing (as an orator or aci- 
or); an orator, pleader, n. eummua cauaarum, 
Cic. b) A performer, player, actor, a. maloa 
in theatro perpeti, Cic. ; spectator et actor, Id. 

ACTDRlDES, ae, m. A son or grandson of 
Actor, e. g. his son Menmtiua, Ov. ; his grandson 
Patroclns, Id. 

ACTOaRIOLUM, i, n. dim. A small swift 
galley or barge, Cic. Conf. the following. 

ACTOaRIUS, a, um (ago, that is easily moved). 
Nimble, light, quick, swift, r. naveB, fast sail- 
ers, Cebs. : a. navigia, Id. So, also, abaoL : actuarite, 
Cic: — a. limes, road 12 feet broad between fields, 
Hy". : — a. canes, hunting dogs, hounds, according 
to Vel. Long. 

ACTOaRIUS {in late Latin we find also actariua], 
ii, m. (sc. scriba, fi-om acta). I. A short-hand 

writer. Sen. II. One who keeps accounts, a 

book-keeper, notary, Aur. Vict. 

ACTUoSE, arfp. JVitk activity or briskness, 
vigoroiisly, Cic. — From 

ACTOoSUS, a, um (actua), I. Full of activ- 
ity, very active, stirring, effective, virtus 
a. est, Cic. ; a, vita, active., opp. to " otium," Sen. 
Compar. : animus actuosior. Sen. 

ACTUS, a, «m, part, of ago. 

ACTUS, ua, m. (ago). I. A) A moving, driv- 
ing, motion, impulse, levi admonim, non actu 
inflectit illam fei'am, Cic. ; fertur in abruptum 
magno mons (i. e. aaxum) actu, fall, violence, Virg. 

B) Met. 1) The right of driving cattle through a 

place, a passage, aqui£ ductus, haustus. iter, ac- 
tus, Cic. H) A road between fields, Dig. 3) A 
certain measure of land, Plin. 4) A certain 

division in bee-hives, Plin. II. A doing, 

performing, action, performance, activity, 
emploijment, andthelike. A) Gen.: in actuuiori, 
Sen.; quotidiano actu forensi, Quint In plur. : in 
ceteria actibus vitue, Quint, B) Part. 1) An of- 
ficial, judicial employment, a. rerxxm, juris- 
diction. Suet.; Plin. Ep. 9) RJtet.t.i.: a) The de- 
livery (of an orator or actor), play, gesture, mo- 
tus est in his orationis atque actus, Quint. Hence, 
b) Met. ; a.) The act of a drama, modo in quocum- 
que fuerit actu probetur, in whatever act he appears, 
Cic ; non solum unum actum, sed totam I'abulam, 
Id. ^) Fig. : quum ceteraa partes setatis bene de- 
scriptaj aint, extremum actum tamquam ab ineiti 
poeta esse neglectum, Cio. 

ACTOTUM, adv. (actus, as astutnm from astua). 
Immediately, presently, quickly, ego mor- 
tem actutum futuram puto, Cic 

XCuL6aTUS, a, um (aculeue). I. Provided 
with, having a sting or prickle, prickly 
(animal, plant), Plin, ; a. ictus, by a sting, Plin. 
II. Fig. A) Stinging, biting, satis a. lit- 
ers, Cic. B) Subtle, quibbling, a. qusedam 

tro4>t,trii.aTa,, Cic. 

ACOLEO, onia, m. Aculeo, a masculine proper . 
name, Cic. 

aCuL£US, i, m. (acus). I. A sting, sharp 
point, prickle; o/iccs, Cic; Plin.; of scorpions, 
Cic -.—of spurs of a cock. Col. : — of thorns, Plin. : — 
of points of an arrow, Lrv. : — ^pungunt quasi aculeis 



InterrogatiuDCulis, as it were pointed, Cic. 

II. Fi^.: A sting, sharpness in good or bad 
sensp. {lisiially in the plur., and of speeches), a cut- 
ting remark, ut cum delcctatioue aculeos etiam 
relinqueret in nnimia, i. e. a strong trace, deep im- 
pression, Cic. ; nonnulU a. in Ctesarem, sarcastic or 
pointed expressions or observations. Id. ; omnea istos 
aculeos et totum genus disputandi, subtleties. Id. 

JtCDMEN, inia, 71. (acuo). A point (to prick or 
sting with, but cacumen is the extremity or summit 
of amy thing). I. Prop. A) The point of the sti- 
lus, of a spear, the sting of a scorpion, and the 
like, verba omnia sub acumen stili subeant, Cic. ; 
auspicium ex ncuminibus, from the shining, barn- 
in g points of the spears, Cic. Poet, instead o/ cacu- 
men. summit; a. montis, collis, Ov. B) Mft.: 

Sharpness of flavor, pungency, acumina sapo- 

ris, PJin. ~II. Fig.: Sharpness of the mind 

in good or bad sense, acuteness, keenness, 
shrewdness, sagacity, wit, siibtlety, and the 
like, quern esse negas, eundem esse dicis : ubi est 
acumen tuum ? Cic; a. dialecticorum. sententiie 
philosophorum, acute argumentation, acuteness, Id. : 
in the plur., dialectici ipsi se compungunt suis acu- 
jnm\b\XB, sophisms. Poet.: Arts, tricks, taereXxi- 
cis acumina, Hor. 

iCOiVIiNO, 1 1). a. (acumen). To make point- 
ed, to point, Plin. 

iCCtJO, ui, utum, 3 v. a. (part.fvt. acuturus does 
not occur) ( AC, oLKL';). To make sharp or point- 
ed, to sharpen, point, wket, I. Prop.: stridor 
eerraj, quum acuitur, Cic. ; a. ferrum, Virg. ; Hor. ; 

a. enses, Ov. II. Fig. A) To sharpen, make 

sharper, improve, incite, a. linguam exercita- 
tione dicendi, Cic. ; a. se ad alqd, to make one!s 

self ready, Id. B) A. alqm (seldom alqd), also ad 

alqd, to excite, arouse, stir up, provoke, duse 
res ilium acuebant, otium et eolitudo, Cic: a. in- 

genium, Id. ; a. furores, Virg. C) Gramm.t.t.: a. 

syllabam, give an acute accent to. Quint. 

aCUS, uh, m. (AC, ac-iea, ac-umen, kitrq, and the 
like, a jioifii : hence) A needle (a sewing-needle, a 
needle used in surgery, a pin for the hair-dress, and 
the like), vulnus, quod acu punctum videtur, Cic. ; 
acu pingere, to embroider, Ov. ; Virg.: a pin for the 
hair or head-dress, Mart. : a needle used in surgery, 
Cels. •. — also, in late Lat., the tongue of a buckle, T. 
Poll. Prov. : acu rem tangere, to hit the mark, to hit 
the nail on the head, Plaut. 

XCUS, Sris, 71. {also ue, /., Col. axvpov). The 
husk of corn, chaff, Varr. 

XCt5S, i, m. A kind of sna-Jish, hornbach (Esox 
Belone, Linn.), Plin. ; Mart. 

iCiJTE, adv. Sharply. I. Prop.: a. sonare, 
with a sharp or treble tone, opp. " graviter," Cic. ; a. 

cernere, clearly, Lucr. -II. Fig.: Sharply, 

acutely, keenly, distinctly, a. argnteque re- 
spondere, Cic. Compar., acutius tractare alqd, Id. 
Superl., acutissime perspicere alqd, Id. 

ACtJTILlUS, Ti, m. Acutilius, a masc. proper 
name, Cic. : hence the adj., Acutiliana negotia. Id. 

XCuTOLE, adv. Somewhat sharply, a, mo- 
veri, Aueust. — From 

JCCuTOLUS, a, um, dim. (aoutu8). Somewhat 
pointed, somewhat acute or subtle, Zenonis 
breves et n. concluaionef, Cic. 

ACuTUS, a, um. I. Part, o/acuo. II. Adj. : 

Pointed, sharp. A) Prop.: 1) a. sudes, Caes. ; 
a. cuBpia, Ov. ; a. ferrum, Ov. ; Hor. ; a. elementa, 


sharply edged, indented^ Lucr. ; a. nasus, sharp, 
Plaut.; a. luna, crescent-shaped, Quint. Compar.: 
acutiora cornua lunas, opp. to "hebetiora," Cic: — 
a. pinus, with pointed or acicular leaves, Ov. ; thus, 
a. cypressus, Id. ; a. aurea, pricked vp, listming, 
Hor. 2) Met. a) Sharply aciivg upon the senses, 
sharp, strong, violent, a. exclamationis vocis, 
Auct. Her. ; a. sonus, shrill, Cic. : conf. in Superl.: 
ab acutissimo sono usque ad graviasimum aonum, 
from the highest soprano down to the deepest bass. 
Id. ; a. hinnitus, Virg. ; a. accentus, an acute accent, 
Gramm. ; thus, a. ayllaba, acutely accented, Id. ; a. 
color, Sol. ; a. odor, Plin. ; thus, acutiora unguen- 
ta, Id. ; a. narea, a fine nose, Hor, ; thus, a. gustug, 
Id. ; a. gelu, sharp, biting, Hor. : — conf. a. sol, scorch- 
ing, Id. : — 171 the n„ adv. : tain cernis acutum, Hor. : 
— ululat acuta, Enn. b) Acute, sharp, severe, 
violent, dangerous, rapid, morbua a., acute, 
0^. "chronicua," Cels.; Plin. Subst.: acuta belli, 
the chances, dangers of war, Hor. c) Med. 1. 1., of 
humors: Acrid, corrupt, a. fluxionea pituitdB, 
Plin. — B) Fig. 1) Of the mind: Acute, ingen- 
ious, subtle, penetrating, acutus an hebetior, 
Cic. ; motus animi ad excogitandura acuti, Id. Su- 
perl. : Q. Scaevola ingealo prudertiaque acutissi- 
raus. 2) Of style: Precise, exact, correct, Grac- 
chi orationes acuta; prudentifieque pleniasimte, Cic. 
XD [in inscriptions also at: obsolete^ ar; e.g. ar 
me for ad me, Plaut. : hence arbiter for adbiter, 
from adbito, see that word ,■ related to Sanscr. at = 
IQi, go\ prep, with ace. ; denotes motion or direction 
toward a place [opp. to "ab," expressing motion from, 
and to "in," implying motion into, a place]. To, 
toward; at, near, by; until, up to; in re- 
spect of according to, for, and the like, 

I. A) Of place: To, toward a place, •venit Rd noa 
Cicero tuns ad coenam, Id. ; ad judicium omnem 
suam familiam coegit, Cses. ; tendit ad nos virgo 
manua aupplices, toward us, Cic. ; ad meridiem 
spectans, to, toward the south. Id. Of direction up- 
ward, ad ccElum raanus tendere, Cies. ; downward, 
cadere ad terraa, Plin. With names of towns: ad 
Capuam protectus aum, quintoque anno post ad 
Tarentum, Cic. And thus always when urbs or op- 
pidum is with the name of the town : ad Cirtam op- 
pidum iter constituunt, Sail- Ellip. ; before a gen- 
itive of the name of a deity: ad Castoris volitarunt 
to the temple of Castor, Cic : thns, ventum erat ad 
Vesta3, Hor. With regard to the space run through, 
see Ab and Ex. — B) Met.: Denoting proximixy to 
anything: Neat, at, by, close by, habea hortoa 
ad Tiberim, Cic; ad urbem remnnere, Cces. ; pug- 
na ad Trebiam, ad Trasimenum, ad Cannas, Liv. : 
instead of which ellip., ad Apollinis, ad Bellonai, ad 
Opis, near the temple of Apollo, Sec., Cic. ; ad latua 
prsptoris sedere, at the side, Id. Thus, thepolit. 1. 1. : 
ad urbem esse, to stay in the ruighbnrhood of Rome. 
(See Urbs.) And often with geogr. and topogr. prop 
names : ad Murcim, ad GMlIinas, and the like. 

II. Denoting approximation with regard to time: 
A) Toward, about, to, until, quum magnam 
partem noctia vigilasses, ad lucem dcnique graviter 
dormitare ccepisse, toward the morning, Cic ; lAus, 
ad vesperum, toward the evening, abotit the evening 
time ; ad hiemem. toward winter. With regard to 
the limit of time, it is sometimes strengthened by us- 
que : bestiffl ex ec natos omunt usque ad quoddam 
tempus, until a certain time, Cic; ad multam noc- 
tcm, till late in the vight, C»s. In this sense, opp. 


"ab." B) Met.: Expressing' co-existence in time^ 

coincidence with a point of time: At, on, in, priesto 
t'uic ad hornm mortis destinatam, at the appointed 
hour of death, Cic. ; thus, ad constitutam diem de- 
cedere ; conf. ad diem solvere, dare, &c., at the date 
or term of payment ; ad id tempus, at that time, Cms. 
-. III. IiL Other relations of approximation, direc- 
tion^ or connection between things. A) Of num- 
bers: 1) a) About, to the immher of, near, 
aunos ad quadraginta natus, Cic. ; familia ad homl* 
num millia decern, CfBS. b) Adv.: Nearly, De- 
cisis ud hominum millibus quetuor, Cies. ; ad duo 
millia ?t trecenti occisi, Liv. 2) Including the limit 
of a number: Up to, evert to, to, sedem ad par- 
tem dimidiam dete^^t, to the half to the midst, Liv. ; 
ad numum, convemt, it agrees to a farthing; judi- 
ces ad numerum non hnbuit, up to a certain num- 
bftr, in a certain nunibrr, Cic. ; viaticum ad aasem 
pcrdidit, to the last farthing, Hor. Thus, very often, 
ud uuura omnes, all to a man, all together, de ami- 
citia omnee ad unum idem eentiunt, Cic. Seldom 
in the fern. : naves ad imam omnes constratie, C^e. 
— B) De-noting purpose or destination : For, vita 
ad spem servanda, far hope, Cic. ) miles ad naves, 
a marine, Liv. : — thus, %eTv\B.dr&ai.\xta, galley rowers 
or slaves. Id. C) Of respect, agreement, compari- 
son: In respect of, with regard to, as to, 
agreeably to, according to, in comparison 
of, timidus ad mortem, Cic. ; dlutuma desperatio- 
ne obduruit animus ad dolorem novum, with regard 
to new grief, Id. ; ad omnia ca='citas:—(AMs, ad arbi- 
trium, ad exeraplura, ad formam, ad modum, ad 
similitudinem, ad speeiem, &c. (see these words) : — 
nihil ad tuum equitatum, in comparison of: — conf. 

nihil ad Persium. D) Adverbial expressions: ad 

extremum, at last, of time, Cic ; in order. Id. : — ad 
praiBens, for the moment. Id. : — ad summum, on the 
whole, in geueral, Id. ; also, in a word, in short, Id. : 
— ad tempus, for some time. Id, ; also, according to 
circumstances. Id. ; also, at the appointed time, Sail. ; 

— ad verbum, word for word, literally, Cic. 

IV. In composition it denotes agoing to or near, 
approaching, or being near, as accedere, 
adire, Sec: the beginning of an action, asadamare, 
addormire : an augmentation, as adjicere, assumere, 

ADACTIO, finis,/, (adigo). A driving or for- 
cing to, a compelling or constraining, ju- 
risjurandi a., tlie compelling to take an oath, or the 
binding by an oath, Liv. 

ID ACTUS, a, um, part, of adigo. 

ADACTUS, us, m. (adigo), i. q. adactio : a. dentis, 
a bite, Lucr. 

aD-jEQ.UE, adv. Equally, the same as, as 
much as, Plaut. ; Front. 

XD-iEQUO, 1 v. a. and n, L Act. A) To make 
eqnal, equalize, level, alqd alcui rei or c\xxn 
alqo. I) Prop. : moles moenibus a., to raise to a 
level with, Ctes.; a.tectasolo,(o level with the ground, 
Liv. J a. urbem, to raze, demolish, Flor. 2) Fig. : 
cum familiarissimis est adsequatus, thought egval, 
not inferior, Cic. ; Alexandri tatis. to compare, Tac, 

B) To reach by equalling, altitudinem adae- 

quare, Cfes. ; a. cursum. Id. ; a. deorum vitam, Cic. 

II. Neut.: To be equal, to equal. A) 

Prop. : turris moenibus adiequat, Hirt. B) Fig. : 

iirna adEBquavit, was equal in votes, Cic; a gratid, 


AD-iESTtJO, are, v. n. To hoil, ferment, at 
or against, a. amnw, swells and roars, Stat 


XD-AGG£RO, 1 v. a. To heap up, a. terram. 

Cot. ; terra Nile adaggerata, alluvial, Plin. 

XDaGIUM, ii, n. A proverb, Gell. 

XDALLtGO, 1 V. a. To bind or fasten on 
or to any thing, a. vermiculos brachio, Plin. 

ADaMANTeUS, a, um (adamas). Hard as 
iron, steel, &c„ a. narea, Ov:. 

aDAMANTINUS, a, um (afiajaai/Tivos)- I- Hard 
as iron, steel, Sec, a. saxa, Lucr. ; a. duritia, Plin. 

U.Met,: Inflexible, invi7tcible,&.cl&vi, 

Hor. ; a. tunica. Id. 

ADAMAS, antis (ace. always adamanta), m. (aSd- 
fjMV, invincible). I. The hardest iron or steel; 
hence poetic for any thing invincible or injlexible, 
e. g. pillars, Virg. ; chains, Sen. ; temper, Ov. ; Mart. 
II. The diamond, Plin. 

AD-AMBOLO, 1 v. n. To walk toward or at 
a place, a. ad ostium, Plaut. : a. lateri, App. 

AD-IMO, 1 V. inchoat. n. To begin to love, 
to acquire a liking for, in Cic. only in the pre- 
terit tenses, nihil erat quod ille adamasaet, Cic. ; a. 
patientiam et duritiam, Id. ; a. equos, Ov. ; a. vir- 
tutem, Sen. 

AD-AMUSSIM. See Amussis. 

AD-AP6RI0, iii, ertum, 4 v. a, 1. A) To set 
or throw open, to opc7i, a. fores portHR, Liv. ; a. 
09, Ov. ; a. aures, Curt. B) Meton, 1) To un- 
cover, bare, a. caput, Sen. 2) To make visi- 
ble, a. ccBlum, Plin.; a. simulacra rcrum, I^ucr. 
11. Fig, : To manifest, adaperta fides, Stat. 

ADAPERTiLIS, e (adaperio). That may be 
opened, a. latus, Ov. 

ADAPERTUS, a, urn, part, o/ adaperio. 

AD-APTaTUS, a, um. Adapted, adjusted 
to, a. galericuhim capiti. Suet. 

XD-AQUO, 1 V. a. To provide with water, 
to water, to sprinkle with water, a. jumea- 
tum, to give water to, Suet.; a. amygdalaa, Plin, 

AD-aQUOR, atus, Iv. a.dep. To fetch water 
for one's self to a place, to fetch water, to 
provide water, Ctes. 

AD- aRESCO, rui, 'S v. inchoat. (areo). To grow 
dry, dry up, ubi amurca adaruerit, Cat 

AD-AUCTO, 1 V. frequent, (adaugeo). To in- 
crease or augment muck, a. rem, Att. ap. Non. 

ADAUCTUS, a, nm,part. o/ adaugeo. 

ADAUCTUS, us, m. (adaugeo). Increase, 
growth, Lucr. 

XD-AUGeO, xi, ctum, 2 v. a. 1. To increase, 
augment, add to, maleficia a-, Cic; a, suspicion- 
em, Auct Her. — II. To consecrate as an 

offering, Herculi decima adaucta, Plaut 

AD-AUGESCO, ere, v. inchoat. n. To increase, 
grow, Lucr.; Cic. 

ADAXINT. See Adigo. 

AD.-BiBO, bibi, bibitum, 3 v. a. (strengthened form 
of hibo). I. To drink, drink hard, Plaut; a. 

plus paulo, to drink a little too much, Ter. IL 

Fig. : To imbibe, take or lay to heart (aspeeck, 
doctrine, Sec), Plaut ; Hor. : — hencCf Ital. abbeverare ; 
Fr. abreuver. 

AD-BiTO, ere (beto),' v. n. To go or come to 
or near, Plaut 

AD-BLATeRO, are. To say or recite, chat- 
tering or prattling, App. 

ADC. See in Acc. 

AD-DeCET, ere, v. impers. It becomes, Emi. 
ap. Gell. ; Plaut (Cstr. with accus.) 

AD-DENSEO. See Denseo. 



AD-DENSO, are,7).a. To make thick, thick- 
en, extremi addensant aciea, ctose^ Virg. {where 
others read addensent, from addeuseo). In pass. : 
aqua addensatur, becomes thick, Plin. 

AD-DiCO, xi, ctum, 3 v. a. and n. I. Act. : To 
adjudge or award any thing to any one. A) 
Prop. \) Jiid. t. t.: a. bona alcui, Cic. ; a. bona in 
publicum, to confiscate, Ca;8. ; a. alqm tdcui, to make 
over any one as a slave to his creditor ; a. corpus in 
aervituteni, to deliver into slavery, Liv. ; a. judicium 
alcui, to give leave to bring an action (of a prator), 
Varr, 2) At an auction or sale : To knock down, 
make over, sell publicly, a. bona alcjs alcui, 
Cic. ; a. regna pecuni^, to sell kingdoms for money, 
Id. 3) To attribute, ascribe a work to any 

one as the author, a. fabulaa Plauti nomini, Gell. 

B) Fig.: To give up, make over, devote, sur- 
render, a. alqm morti, to condemn, doom one to 
death, Cic. ; a. se intemperantise, to give up one's 
self to intemperance, Ca;a. ; a. ee operibus uaturae, 
to apply one's self to the study of the works of nature, 
Val. Max. ; niilliua addictus jurare in verba magis- 

tri, bound, Hor, II. Neutr.: To consent by 

giving a favorable omen, to be favorable [opp. 
to "abdico"J, aves non addixerunt, Li7. ; addicenti- 
bus auspiciis, Tac. 

ADDICTIO, onis, /. (addico). An adjudica- 
ting or awarding, a. bonorum, Cic. 

ADDICTUS, a, um,part. o/ addico. 

AD-DISCO, didici, no sup. 3 v. a. I. To learn 
in addition to, to learn, addiscere aliquid, Cic. 

li. To hear, learn, understand; with 

an ace. and inf.. Just, 

ADDITaMENTUM, i, 71. (addo). An addition, 
super-addition, increase, accession, Cic; 
a. vita?, Sen. 

ADDITiO, onie,/. (addo). An adding, figura- 
rum a., Quint 

ADDlTUS, a. urn, part, o/addo. 

AD-DiViNANS, antis. Divining or foretell- 
ing, Plin. 

AD-DO, didi, ditum, 3 v. a. To put, carry, or 
join to any thing, to add. I. Prop. A) Gen.: 
a. frena, Virg. ; epietolaa in eundem fasciculura ad- 
dere, put intft, Cic. ; a. calcar alcui, to set spurs to, 
to spur, to stimulate, Hor.; Teucris addita Jgno, 
with them as an enemy, urging, Virg. — ^B) Esp, 
1) To add by increasing, Cic; a. gradum, to 
quicken, \Av . 2) Mercantile t. t. : To add to one's 
bidding, to give more, bid higher, nihil addo, 

I do not give more, Poet in Cic. II. Fig. A) 

Gen.: To bring to, make, give, a. animos, to 
encourage, Cic; a. audaciam, Sail.; Virg. — B) 1) 
Esp.: To add to, increase, augm.ent; vntka.d, 
in, a dat., or absol., ad quotidiana opera a., Ca;e. ; 
a. res novas in edictum, Nep. ; a. multum anlmis. 
Sail.; addita est injuria, Liv. 2) a) To add by 
speaking or writing, to say something fur- 
ther or in addition, to add, verbum non am- 
plius addam, / will not add a word more, Hor. ; thtis 
usually with an ace. c. inf. : addit haec ; Ibrtes viroa 
non prmmia aequi solere, Cic. ; addunt, retineri ur- 
bane motu Ca^sarem, Ctes. : — In the passive with a 
nom. c. inf. : Tnc. : — In the part. perf. : addito, with 
this addition, Plin. ; Tac. Thus, b) Adde hue atid 
adde quod (this latter with the accessory idea of a 
cause, cf. Accedo II.), to this add the circum- 
stance that, thereto comes this, besides, more- 
over, adde hue pouulationem agrorum, Liv.: adde, 

quod pubes tibi crescit omnis, Hor. : aJeo adde hue 
quod, Id. 

AU-DGC£0, cUi, ctum, 3 v. a. To teach in 
addition, a. artes, Hor. 

AD-DORMISCO, ere, v. n. To fall asleep, a. 
post cibum, Suet. 

ADDtJA, 86, m. ('Afiouas). Addua (now Adda\- 
a river in Upper Italy that falls into the Po near 
Cremona, Plin. 

AD-DOBITp, avi, atum, Iv.n.anda. To doubt 
a little, to be somewhat in doubt; with de, 
in alqa re, wilh a relat. clause ; seldom with ace. : de 
quo Paneetium addubitare dicebant, Cic. ; an hoc 
honestum necne sit, a., Hor. : — with inf. : aptare 
lacertos addubitat, hesitates, Sil. 

AD-DOCO, xi, ctum, 3 v. a. To lead to, to 
bring or convey to, draw to any place or to 
one's self, and the like. L Prop. : A) Ad ffigros 
medicum a., Cic. ; a. ad colloquium, Cais. ; a. ex 
Gallia, Cic. ; a. Mytilenis, Id. ; a. aquam, to con- 
vey water to. Id. B) Esp. 1) To draw any thing 

close to one's self; to tighten, draw or pull to 
one's self, a. arcum, to bend or draw the bout, 
Virg.; a. habenae, to tighten the reins, Cies.; a. 

cutem, to -wrinkle, Ov. — II. Fig. A) Gm.: To 

bring on, occasion, a. febres, Hor.; a. aitim, 
Id. — B) Esp. 1) 2'd bring, place, or put any 
one or any thing into a certain condition ; with ad 
or in c. ace. : a. ad tinem, Nep. ; a, in angnstiaa, to 
bring into difficulty, Cic. ; a. in judicium, to bring 
to trial, arraign, sue, summon before a court of jus- 
tice, Cic. 2) To engage, induce^ excite any 
one to an action, feeling, opinion, persuasion ; with 
ad, in, ut, or an objective clause, a) With ad : a. ad 
facinus, Cic. ; a. ad iracundiam, ad fletum, Id. p) 
With in : in spem, Cic. ; a. in metum, Id. ; a. in 
opinionem, to induce one to ihirik. Id. y) In the 
passive, with a simple abl. : quibue rebus adductus, 
Cffis. ; adductus auctoritate, cupiditate regni, ora- 
tione, precibus, &c.. Cats. ; adductus amicitia, gratia, 
praimio, &.C., Cic. S) IVith ut: adductus snm ut 
putarera, Id.; adducor, ut credam, Id. c) With an 
object, clause : ego non adducor, quemquam bonum 
putare, Id. ^ Tf'tth quin : adduci nequeo, quin ex- 
istiniem, SueL 

ADDUCTiUS, adv. I. Drawn tighter, ad- 

ductius jacula cootorait, Aus. II. Fig.: More 

severely, a. imperitare, Tac; paulo a. jamTegna- 
ri, with a somewhat tighter rein, Id, 

ADDUCTUS, a,um. I, Part, o/adduco. II. 

Adj. A) Prop. \*} Drawn tight, pressed or 
drawn tog ether, contracted, wrinkled, a. 
frons, a wrinkled brow. Quint ; a. vultus, contracted. 
Suet. 2) Of place: Contracted, narrow, Africa 

pHulatim adductior. Mel. B) Fig. 1) Severe, 

grave, serious, Tac. 2) Of speech: Skort,con- 
cise, Plin. 

AD-i^:DO, edi, esum. 3 v. a. To begin to eat 
a thing, to corrode, gnaw. I. Prop.: a. favoa, 

Virg. II. Metun. : To rub off, diminish, 

eat up, consume, adesi lapides, worn smooth by 
water, Hor. ; fnimento adeso, eaten up, Sisenn. in 
Non.; adesis fortunis, consumed, expended, Tac*; 
adesus cladibus, wtakened, Sil. 

XDELPHl. orum, m. (' XSeXipoC) The Broth- 
ers, a cotnedy of Tere7ice. 

XDEMPTiO' or ADEMTIO, onis,/. (adimo). A 
taking away, a depriving,^, bonorum, Tac. 

ADEMPTUS or ADEMTUS, a, um, pan. o/adima 

iD-£0, Svi, usually li, Itum, 4 v. ti. and a. To 
go or come to any person or thing. I. Prop. A) 
Gfen. ; a. ad consules, Cic. ; a. in conspectum, Id. 
— B) Esp. 1) To approach a person or a thing 
for the sake of visiting, addressing, requesting, in- 
quiring, and the liltR; to go to visit, to address, 
apply to, consult: with ace, rarely with ad: Per- 
earum magos a., Cic. ; a. libroa Sibyllinos, to con- 
sult, Liv. ; a. alqin sciipto, to apply to or address by 
writing, Tac. ; n. alqm verbis, to accost one, Plant. ; 
a. deos, oracula, to approach as a suppliant, to con- 
sult, &c„ Cic. mth ad : ad me adire. 2) To ap- 
proach as an enemy; to attack, adeundi tem- 
pus definire, Csbb. 3) Prov. : a. inanum alcui, to 
cheat any one of his expectation, to i^aJce sport of any 
one, Plaut. II. Fig.: To approach a busi- 
ness, to set about, undertake, undergo ; with 
ad or tlie ace : ad causas a., Cic. ; a. ad vitse peri- 
culum, Cks. ; a. inimicitlas, Cic. ; a. hereditatem, 
to enter upon. Id. ; a. nomen, to assume, take, adopt 
as inherited, Veil. 

XD-KO, adv. (ad, eo, probably old ace. form of 
eom, from is, Key, Lat. Gr., p. 143). I. So far, so 

far as that, usque adeo, Cat. 11. Melon.: 

relat. or absol. A) lUlat. 1) Of time: As long 
as i followed by quoad : usque adeo, quoad scitum 
sit, Cic. ; for which adeo, dum, Plaut. ; and usque 
adeo, donee. Cat. ; Ter. 2) a) Of intensity or de- 
gree: So very, so much, to such a degree, 
go ; followed by ut; adeo cogi, ut, Liv. b) Often 
without ut, when the degree is made obvious by the 
connection of the' sentence : a, praeceps ierat, Liv.; 
adeo consuescere multum est, Virg. With a nega- 
tion : adeo opus iion est, so little is wanted. Quint. 
3) In assigning a purpose: For that purpose, 

in order that, adeo ut emittat raanu, Plaut. 

B) AbsoL,for laying a stress- upon, or strengthening 
any thing: Just, even, exactly, quite; esp. en- 
clit. with a pronoun: id adeo, considerate, even that, 
Cic. : ego adeo, Plaut. ; me adeo, Virg. ; ipse adeo, 

aDEPS, ipis (compare dap-es, Selnv-ov). I. A) 
ThiB Jluid fat, grease of animals [but sebum is 
the solid fat, tallow], a. suillus, Varr. ; a. ursiuus, 
Tulpinus, Plin. Of men: Cassii a,, Cic — B) Meton. 
1) R. terras, /fl( earth, marl, Plin. 9) Of trees: the 

soft part of wood, called also fiWiXimvim, Plin, II. 

Fig.: Of gtyle: Bombast, turgidity. Quint. 

IDEPTIO, onis,/. (adipiscor). An obtaining 
or attaining, attainment, a. boni, Cic. 

XDEPTUS, a, um, part, o/adipiscor. 

aD-EQUITO, avi, atUiii, 1 v. a. L To ride or 
gallop up to, ad nostroa a., Caes.; a. Syracusas, 

Liv.; a. castris, Tac. IL To ride at or near, 

a. juxta alqm, Suet. 

AD-ERRO, are, v. n. I. To reach or come to 
in wandering about, to wander to, a. scopulis, 
Stat. II. Meton. ; a. auribus, Stat 

ADESDUM or ADES DUM (adsum and dum). 
Come hither, Ter. SeeUvx. 

XD-EStJlltO, ire, v. n. To hunger after any 
thing, to be very hungry, Plaut. 

aDeSUS. a, um, part. o/ad6do. 

ADF. Words beginning thus, see in Aff. 

ADG. Word^ beginning thns, see in Agg. 
iD-HjER£0, ere. «. «. A) To adhere, stick, 

cleave to, a. saxia, Liv.; a. ancoris, Tac. — B) 
To be close or quite near to, lateri a., to be 
burdensome to any one by one's nearness, Liv. 


XD-H^RESCO, hassi, hiBSum, 3 v. inchoat. To 
attach one' s self to any thing, to remain at- 
tached or fastened to any thing. I. Prop.: 
To adhere,'&. ad saxum, Cic; a. tactis, Plin.— 
B) Meton, : a. in his locis, to remain, tarry. Cic. 

[I. Fig.: To adhere closely, hold to, 

stick fast, a. juBtitiffi hone8tatic[ue, Cic; argu- 
mentum adhasrescit, applies closely, is to the point. 
Id. ; oratio adhaerescit, is full of stops and pauses, Id. 

XDH^SITaTIO, onis, /. An adhering, ad- 
hesion, adhassitationes atomorum, Cic. 

XDHjESUS, us, m. (adhaareo). Aii adhering, 
hanging, sticking to, a. pulveris, Lucr. 

XD-HaLO, 1 V. a. To breathe upon, fungum 
a., Plin. 

ADHERBAL, aiis, m. (more correct form, Ather- 
bal, i. e. worshipper of Baal, see Gesen. Phcen: Mon.) 
Adhcrbal, the son of Micipsa, slain by Jugurilia, 

XD-HIBfeO, ui, itum, 2 t). a. (habeo). To hold 
toward or to:, direct toward, turn, bring, 
add to; with ad, in, a dot., or absol. I. Gen.: a. 
manus, Virg. ; a. aurea, Plaut. ; a. vincula, Ov. 

II. Eap. A) To take, employ, make use 

of any 07ie or any thing for an action, business, 
purpose; to apply, us.e, and the like. 1) Of per- 
sons: ai. alqm in consilium, to take one into consul- 
tation, Cic ; a. nutrices, to employ, Gell. ; a. medi- 
cum, Cic 2) Of things : a. tempus et diligentiam, 
to employ, Cic ; a. studium. Id. ; a. cautionem, to 
use caution. Id. ; a. animum, to attend. Id. ; a. vim 
alicui, to have recourse to force. Id. ; a, crudelitatera 
in alqm, to treat any one cruelly. Id. ; a. modum, to 
set bounds to, limit. Id.— B) 7'o handle, treat, 
use one in any way; and a. se. to conduct on^s 
self, Cic. 

XDHIBiTUS, a, Mm, part, o/adhibeo. 

XD HINNIO, 4 V. n. To neigh to or after. 

I. Prop. : a. equsB, Ov. ; Plin. II. Meton. : of 

lascivious, letodpersovs: To lust after, Plaut.; ad 
orationem a,, to he pleased or delighted with, Cic. 

XD-HORRESCO, rui, 3 v. inclioat. To shud- 
der at, a. undis, Auct. .Cons, nd Liv. 

XDHORTaTIO, Shis, /. Exhortation, e7i- 
courngp.ment, Cic. 

XUHOUTaTOR, oris, m. (adhortor). An ex- 
horter, encourager, a. operis, Liv. 

XD-HORTOR, 1 V. dep. a. To exhort, en- 
courage, incite, ad bellum faciendum adhorta- 
ri, Cic; a. alqm in bellum, Tac; a, ee, to rouse, 
incite on€s self, Catull. 

XD-HUC, adv. Thus far, so far as this. 
I. Prop. : conveniunt adhuc utriusque verba, so 

far, np to this point, Plaut. II. Melon. A) Of 

time: I) Until now, hitherto, as yet, unam ad- 
huc a te epistolam acceperam, Cic. ; nihil adhuc 
scimus, Id. : adhuc locorum, until now, hitherto, 
Plaut. 2) I'o denote continuance: Still, yet, sedes 
promiscuie adhuc, Tac ; tres adhuc legionea erant, 

were still left, Id. B) To denote increase: What 

is still more, moreover, beyond that, be- 
sides, erat adhuc impudens, Cic; unam rem ad- 
huc adjiciam, Sen. Thus esp. with a comparative 
preceding or following it: legatio verbis adhuc leni- 
or, re asperior, Liv. 

XDIXBeNA, ffi, or ADIABENE. ea.f CASiapT^io}). 
Adiabene, a province of ancient Assyria, now So- 
tan, Plin. 

XUIXBeNIJS, a,um(Adiabena). Of or belong- 


ing" to Adiabene, A. regimen, Tac. Subst.: Adi- 
flbeni, orum. Inhabitants of Adiabene, PlJn. 

XD1AT5R1X. igis, m. Adiatorix, king of llie 
Comani, taken prisoner by Ociavianns aiActium, Cic. 

ADICJO, Sec. See Adjicio. 

XD-iGO, egi, actuoi, 3 v. a. (ago) (adaxint for 
adegerint, Plaut). To drive, bring apersonor 
thing toward or to. I. Prop.: a. pec us, Cies.; a. 
vitulos, Varr. ; a. ferrum, Virg. ; a. classem, Tac. ; 
a. clavum in arborem, to drive into, Plin. ; a. tigna, 
to ram in, Cffis. ; a. Uammam turri, to throw against, 

Id. ; a. spiritum arundine, breathe into, Plin. 

II. Fig. A) To drive, compel, force to, briiig 
with force to, a. ad insaniam, Ter. ; a. ad mortem, 
Tac; a. nlqm ad jusjurandum, to oblige one to 
make oath, Sail. ; instead of which, more often, a. 
alqm jurejurando, Liv. ; Tac. ; and, a. alqm jusju- 
randum, Cifis.; Liv.; a. alqm. arbiti'um (i. e. ad 
arbitrum), to summon one before an arbiter, Cic. 

B) To bring nea-r tempus adactum, Lucr. 

C) To bring to a certain form, to work any 
thing, a. pinum in faciem prorte, Prop. 

aD-IMO, emi, emptum, 3 c. a. (ad. emo, orig. to 
take to one's self; hmce, referred to the possessor of 
a thing'). To take away, take any thing from, 
to deprive one of. I. Of things: A) To de- 
prive of, take away {any thing good), a. pe- 
cuniam, Cic. ; a. alcui exercitum, vitam, eomnum, 
civitatem, spem, &c.. Id. : — poetic, c. inf. : adimam 

cantare severis, hinder, forbid, Hor. B) To take 

off, free from (any thing bad), a. alcui com- 
pedes, Plaut. ; a. vincula, Ov. ; a. dolores, Hor. 

H. Of persons: To snatch away, carry 

off, a. leto, to snatch from, Hor. Hence ademptus, 
carried off dead, Ov. ; Hor. 

XDlNSTAR,/or ad instar. See Instab. 

aDIPaTUS, a, um (adeps). Larded with fat, 
fat, greasy, unctuous, a. puis, Lucil. : hence 
absol. : adipatum, pastry prepared with fat, Juv. 
Of style: Coarse or gross, a, oratio, Cic. 

ID-IPISCOR, eptus. 3 v. dep. a. (ad, apiscor). To 
reach an object. I. Prop.: a. fugientes Gallos, to 
overtake, Liv. ; a. fesB08, Id. Absol. : adipiscendi 

poteetas, Plaut. IL Fig.: To reach, attain, 

acquire any thing, a. senectutem, to arrive at, 
Cic. ; a. laudem, Id. ; a. victoriam, Cues. ; a. glori- 
am, Nep. ; a. mortem, to kill one's self, Suet. With 
gen. : rerum a.. Tac. Part., adoptus, a, um, in a 
passive sense, Obtained, a. Ubertate, Sail. ; a. vic- 
toria, Id. ; a. principatu, Tac. 

XDIPSOS, i, /. (aSi^o^, free from thirst, allaying 
thirst). I. Akindof date, Plin. II. Liquor- 
ice (same as glycyrrhiza), Plin. 

XDniALIS, e (aditus). Of or belonging to 
an entrance, entrance, a. ccena, given by a 
magistrate when he entered upon his office, Varr. ; 

ADITIO, onis, /. (adeo). An approach, en- 
trance, quid tibi banc aditio est (1. e. aditio ad 
banc)? why do you approach her? Plaut. 

XDITUS, a, um, part, of adeo. 

ADITUS, us, m. (adeo). A going to, ap- 
proach, access. I. Prop.: a. ad pastum, Cic; 
a. ad nliquem, Id'. ; homo rari aditus, seldom accessi- 
ble, Liv. II. A) Concr.: An entrance, en- 
try, in primo aditu templi, Cic — B) Fig.: Ac- 
cess, aditus ad cousulatum, Cic; a. ad honorem, 
Id. ; a. laudis, Id. 

AD-JAC£0, ciii, no sup. 2 ». w. To lie nsar or 


I at; toith an ace. or dot.: Etruriam a., Liv. ; mare 
a., Nep. ; agro Romano a., Liv. Also with ad, ay a. 
ad Syrtim, Mela. Part, subst., adjaeentia, ium, n. 
(so. loca), An adjoining country, environs, 

ADJECTIO, onis,/. (adjicio). L An addition, 
increase, augmentation, a. populi, Liv.; a. il- 
liberalis, a small increase of money. Id. ; a. caloris, 
Sen. In theplur. : dare Hispaliensibus adjectJones 
lamiliarum, the right of incorporating new families, 

Tac. II. Esp. A) Archit. 1. 1.: A projection 

on the pedestal of columns, Vitr. — B) BJiet. 1. 1. : A 
repetition of the sanu word. Quint. 

ADJECTiVUS, a, um. Added, a. nomen, in 
Grammar, that which is added to the noun, an ad- 
jective, Prise. 

ADJECTUS, a, um, part, o/ adjicio. 

ADJECTUS, uB, m. (adjicio). An adding, a. 
cuneorum, a driving into, Vitr. ; a, odoris, Lucr. 

AD-JiCiO (sometimes also adicio, adicis, &c.), 
jecl, jectum, 3 v. a. (ad, jacio). To cast, put, 
place any thing to or toward. I. Prop. A) a.te- 
lum, to throw, hurl, Cms. ; a. sulphur aquae, to put in, 
Gels. ; Bon magna adjects planitie, adjoining, Csbs. 
Prov. : a. album calculum rei, to throw a white stone 

for any thing, i. e. approve of it, Plin. B) Fsp.: 

To increase by adding, to add, a. provinci- 
am imperio. Just ; a. alqm ad numerum sodalium, 

Suet. II. Fig.: To direct, turn onis eye, 

mind, or desire to any thing, a. oculoe, Cic. ; a. ani- 

mum, Ter. B) Esp. 1) To increase by addr 

ing, to add, set, place to, join, a. gloriam, 
Cic; a. auctoritatem, Liv. 2) To add in peak- 
ing, quid ego adjiciam ? Prop. With an ace. c. inf : 
adjecit, in domo ejus venenum esse, Tac 

ADJuDiCO, I V. a. I. To adjudge, award 
judicially (opp. to *' abjudico"), a. regnum, Cic ; a. 
alqm in servitutem, Id. ; a. eausam alcui. to decide 

a cause in favor of any one. Id. II. Melon, in 

general: To attribute, ascribe.^, salutem alcui, 
to ascribe, Cic IIL To decide, Plaut 

AD-JOGO, are, v. a. To yoke to or together, 
to unite, join together, a. palmites, CoL; a. 

ADJuMENTUM, i, n. (adjuvo). A means of 
assistance, help, stay, adjumenta consuletus, 
Cic; adjumenta rerum. Id. 

ADJUNCTIO, onis, /. (adjungo). L An add- 
ing to, joining, a. naturte, Cic; a. verborum, 
Id. ; a. animi vel voluntatis, conformity, Q.. Cic 

IL E^, A) Addition, a. virtutis, Cic. — 

"B) A limiting addition, limitation, quajdam 
cum adjectione necessitudines, Cic. — C) Bhet. u t. 
1) A repetition of the same xoard. Cic. 2) The 
position of a vej-b at the beginning or the end of a 
clause, Auct. Her. ; Quint. 

ADJUNCTOR, oris, m. (adjungo). He who adds 
or joins to, Gallic ulterioris adjunctor, i. e. Pom- 
pet/, who caused Gall. Ult. to be given to Ctesar m 
addition to his Cisalpine province, Cic. 

ADJUNCTUM, i. See Adjtinotus. 

ADJUNCTUS, a, um. L Part, o/ adjungo : equi 

ndjuncti, harnessed, yoked together, Ov. II. A) 

Adj.: Closely connected with, belonging, 
proper, essential to, ut nd ea, quae hujus causa 
adjunctiora sunt, perveniam. Cic. Subst. : ad- 
juncta, orum, Things becoming, proper, de- 
cent, Hor. — B) Esp. 1) Rhet. 1. 1. ; adjunct*, oruui, 
Accessory circumstaitces, Cic, 3) Dialect.t. 


t. : atljunctum, i, A conditional propoaitioti, 

AD-JUNGO, nxi, nctum, 3 v. a. To add, an- 
nexy set or put together, or to fasten, ajid the 
like. I. Proj}. ; a. fernB, Lucr. ; a. tauros aratro, 
Tib. ; a. vites ulmis, Virg. ; a. parietem ad paricLem, 
Cic- H. Fig. A) Gen.: To join, unite, as- 
sociate, attach, add. 1) Of persons: a. consules 
ad noBtram caasara, Cic. ; thus, n, alqin socium 
alcui, Id. ; a. ee ad rationea alcjs, to unite one's self 
to the interests of, &c., Id. 2) Of things .- animos 
hominum a., Cic. ; a. auxilium sibi, to procure as- 
sistance. Id. ; a. fidem, to give credit. Id. ; a. benevo- 

|:3ntiam, to conciliate one's gdod will, Id. B) Esp. : 

To add in speaking, subjoin, a. pericula vitee, 

ADJuRaTIO, oiiis, /. A swearing by, adju- 
ration, a. sutfi salutis, App. 

AD-JORO, 1 V. a. I, To swear something to 
any one, to swear solemnly ;^ with ace, or with 
ace. c. inf.: qui omnia adjurant, debere, Cic; ut 
prajter commune jusjurandum base adjurarent, 
Liv. ; adjuntt, hoc nemini accidisse, Id. ; a. per 
deps alcui, with ace. c. ivf, Ter. : — instead of which 
we find, in poets, a. caput Stygii fontia, to swear by 
—II. Met.: To conjure, adjure 

the Styx, Virg.- 

any one, entreat earnestly, a. alqm, ut, Vop. 

ADJuTaBILIS, e (adjuto). Helping, assist- 
ing, Pluut. 

ADJtJTO, 1 V. freq. a. and n. (adjuvo). To as- 
sist, help, a. alqm, Ter. ; id adjuta me, in this as- 
sist me. Id. With dat. : adjuta mihi, Tac. ; a. alcui 
onera, to help one to carry, Ter. ; a. iniquam volun- 
tatem alcjs, to promote, Gell. 

ADJuTOR, oris, m. (adjuvo). He who helps 
in any thing; a helper, assistant, promoter, 
aider. I. Gen.: honoris a., Cic; absentia a., Id. 
PFitk dat. : his a., Id. With ad and accus. : a. ad 
rem perticiendam, Id. AbsoL : dare alcui adju- 
torem, Id. ; me adjutore, with my assistance. Id. 

II, Esp. : Of a r^resentative or subordinate 

assistant, associate in office, deputy, adju- 
tant, a. negotiorum publicorum, Cic ; thus, the as- 
sistant of a teacher, a school-assistant. Quint; of a 
general, adjutant, Nep. ; of an emperor, minister, 
counsellor of state, Veil. ; in scenic language, he 
who acts. subordinate parts, tlic second, third part, 
Thffidr. ;- Suet. 

ADJyf'oRIUM, ii,7i. (adjutor). Help, aid, s\ip- 
port, succor, a. juris, Quint. ; a. belli, Veil. 

ADJtJTRIX, icis,/. (adjutor). A female help- 
r, assistant or aide.r. I. Gen.: a. conailiorum, 

Cic; a. vitiorum, the furtherer, promoter, Id.^ 

II. Esp. : The title of a legion levied in a province, 
for the re-cnfoi'cement of an army, Tac 

ADJUTUS, a, um, part, o/ adjuvo. 

AD-JOVO, jUvi, jutum, 1 v. a. (adjuro for adju- 
vero, Enn. in Cic, ; adjurit/w adjuverit, Ter,), To 
stand by, assist, come to help, support, pro- 
mote, further ; usually with alqm or alqd, in alqa 
re, ad alqd, ut. a) With a pers. obj. : fortes fortuna 
adjuvat, Ter.; a. BBgrotum, Cic; a. militem suum 
clamore, to encourage, "Liv. b) With an impers. 
obj. : omnium gentium consensum et conspiratio- 
,nern, Cic. ; a. rempublicara, Id. ; a. mcerorem, to in- 
crease sorrow, Id, ; a. ignem. to add fuel to the fire, 
Liv, ; a. iuanniam, to increase^ aggravate, Plaut ; a. 
vocem, to he good for the voice, Plin. ; a. mcssem 
nlcui, to assist any one at, Gell. With the subjunc- 

tive and ut, Cic. c) Absol.: To help, to be n.te- 
ful or of service, and the like, solitudo sili'juid 
adjuvat, Cic. ; quam ad rem multum humilitas 
(navium) adjuvat, Caea. With ivf: adjuvat (mas) 
incubare, helps to brood, Plin, d) Subst. in thepart. 
priEs. : adjuvantia causarum, Cic. 

ADL. Words beginning thus, see in All. 

ADMAGETOBRIA, te. See Magetobbia. 

AD-MaTuRO, are,.u. a. To bring to ma- 
turity. Fig.: To ripen, mature, a. defectio- 
nem civitatia, Caes, 

ADMENSUS, a, um, part, o/admetior. 

AD-M£TiOR, menaus, 4 v. dep. a. To measure 
ouf, a. frumentum, Cic In a pass, sense : admen- 
sum, measured out, Cato. 

ADMeTUS, i, m. Admetus, a king of Fhera, 
husband of Alcestis, whose fiocks, at the command of 
Jupiter, were tended for some time by Apollo, Hyg. ; 
Ov. ; socer Admeti, Pelias, father of Alcestis, Ov. 2. 
A king of the Molossians, a protector of the fugitive 
Themistocles, Nep. 

AD-MIGRO, are, v. n. Tocometo. Fig.: si 
ad paupertatem a., Plaut. 

ADMiNICtJLATUS, a, um. I. Part, o/admini- 

culo. II. Adj. : Supported, well provided 

or stored, memoria adminiculatior, Gell. 

ADMiNICOLO, 1 V. n. (adminiculum). To sup- 
port, prop. I. Prop. : a. vitem, Col. : — instead of 

which we find in Cic adminiculor. II. A) 

Fig.: To assist, to help, a. voluntatem alcjs, 
Varr, ; a, alqd ex Homericis verbis, to maintain, 
make good, Gell. — B) Gramm. t. t. : pars admini- 
culandi (so. oratiouem), the adverb, Varr. 

ADMiNICtfLOR, ari, v. dep. a. (adminiculum). 
To support, prop (avine), Cic 

ADMlNiCtJLUM,i, n. (ad, manus) (what holds like 
a hand). A support, prop, stay. I. Prop.: vites 
adminicula apprehendunt, props, Cic. ; adminicu- 
lorum ordinea, Id. ; a, gubemandi, rudder, Plin, ; a. 

retinendi, a means, Id. IL Fig.: Support, 

staff, assistance, help, natura semper ad ali- 
quod tamquam a. annititur, Cic; a. senectuti esse, 
Liv. ; egere adminiculis, Tac. 

ADMINISTER, tri.m. (ad, manus). A servant, 
attendant. I. Prop.: victus a., Cic; rerum a., 

Sail.; administroa tutari, ieorkmen. Sail. 11. 

Fig. : adminiatri, Cic ; a. omnium consiliorum, 
Sail, A female servant, help- 
mate. I. Prop.: Varr.; Ov. II. Fig.: ad- 
ministry virtutis, Cic 

ADMINISTRaTIO, onis, /. I. Ministration, 
assistance, hominum administratione uteremur, 
Cic II. Gen.: Management, adminis- 
tration, conduct, direction, a. rerum, Cic; 
a. reipublic8e,Id. ; a. tormentorum, Liv. ; a, portue, 
the use, Ca3S. ; a. aquee, the distribution, Vitr. Ab- 
sol. : nostra a., practice, Quint. ; officiis et adminia- 
trationibua prjieponere alqm, official duties, Tac. 

ADMINISTRaTiVUS, a, um (adminietro). Fit 
for the administration of any thing, prac- 
tical. Quint. 

ADMINISTRATOR, oris, m. Manager, di- 
rector, administrator, a, belli, Cic 

AD-MiNISTRO, 1 v. n. and a. I. Neut. : To at- 
tend upon any one, to serve, alcui ad rem divi- 

nam, Plaut.— II. Act. A) To hand, reach, a, 

mel, to serve up, Varr. B) Qen.: To put the 

hand to, take in hand, to take care of, con 

d7ict, manage, administer, handle, and the 
like, 0. bellum, to conduct, Cic, ; Cass. ; Liv. ; a. 
classem, navera, to conduct, steer, Cms. ; a. rem 
publicara, Cic. ; a. proviDciam, to advdniater, gov- 
ern. Id.; a. leges, Id.; a. amissa, to take care of, 
Cms. Absol. : inter vineas a., to work, Sail. 

ADMiKaBILIS, e, adj. (admiror). Having qual- 
ities that excite admiration or wonder. 1. Exciting 
admiration^ worthy of* admiration, excel- 
ent. gnat, a. in dicendo vir, Cic; a. magnitudo 
popul: R., Liv. Ironically: O a. licentiam ! Cic. 

II. Exciting wonder or astonishment; 

astonishing, singnlar, strange, paradox- 
ical, improbitas a., Juv. ; htBC admirabilia dica- 
mus, Cic. 

ADMIRaBILITAS, atis, /. (admirabilis). Ad- 
mirableness, a. caelestium rerum atque terres- 
txium, Cic. ; admirabilitatem magTiam fecere, excite 
great admiration. Id. 

ADMIRaBILITER, adv. I. In an admirable 

niiinner, nos Asia aecepit a., Cic.—- II. In an 

astonishing, singnlar, strange manner, 
nimis a aicere, Cic. 

ADMIRANDUS, a, irni. I. Part, of adiniror. 
n. Adj. for adiiiii'abUis, that which is to be ad- 
mired, to be wondered at; Admirable, wonder- 
ful, vir in plurimis a.. Quint.; admirandum in 
modum, Nep. : a. spectacula, Virg. 

ADMIRaTIO, oniS: /. (admiror). I. Adyncra- 
tion, a. virtutis, Cic; a. divitianim, a passionate 
desire, Id. ; habet res admirationem, excites, Id. ; 
thus, a. efficerc, Id. ; admirations affici, to be ad- 
mired, Id. II. Wonder, astonishment, 

homines admirationc stupel'acti, Cic. ; consulem a. 
incessit, Liv. ; folia usque in admirationem crispa, 
to astonishment. Plin. 

ADMiRaTOR. oris, m. (admiror). An admir- 
er, a. antiquitatis. Quint.; a. aliorum, Id. 

AD-MlROR, atus, 1 -o. dcp. a. and n. To look 
at with admiration or astonishment, to 
gaze, stare at. I. A) 7'o look at with admi- 
ration, to admire, magnitudinem animi n.,Cic.; 
ingenium a.. Id. With a pers. ol^j.: quem (Diodo- 

tum) a., Cic. B) To gaze at any thing with de- 

sire, or passion, or excitement, nit a., to wonder at 
nothing, to look on every thing coolly and dispas- 
sionately, Hor. In a bad sense: To look askant, 
innidia a., Prop. -II. To look at with as- 
tonishment, to he astonished or surprised, 
to wonder at ; with alqd, an objective or relative 
clause, de, quod, cur, or absol. : brevitatem episto- 
lie a., Cic ; ndmirati .sunius, quid asset, cur, ifcc, 
Id.; ne quis sit admiratns, cur, &c.. Id. 

AD-MISCSO, scui, xtum (rardy stum), 2 i\ a. 
I. To mix, mingle with, add. A) Pi-op. 1) a. 
succum aqua?, Plin. ; a. florem lapidis asri. Id.; a. 
cochlearia duo in hcminiim. Id. 2) Melon, gen.: 
To mix with, add, a. sagittarios funditoribus, 
Curt.; a, expedites anteeignanos, Cffis. ; a. plebei-. 
OS, Liv. — B) Fig.: To mix up with, impli- 
cate in, a. versus oration), Cic. ; ne me admisceae, 

don^i implicate me, Ter. ^11. To blend, viiti- 

gle. A) Prop.: aiir caJore admixtus, Cic; nd- 
mixtum lucte, Cais. — B) Fig.: cum iis rationibxis 
admigceri nolo, be mixed up, Cic. 

ADMISSaRIUS, a, um (admitlo). T. Belong, 
ing to covering, a. equuB, a stallion, Var. ; a. 

aainua, Id. II. Mcton. : Snbst., admissarius, ii, 

m., A laaciviont fellow, libertinfl. Or. 


ADMISSIO, 6nis, /. (admitto). Admission; 
hevce, access (.to a prince), audience, admissio- 
num facilitas, Plin. ; ofticium admissionis, tlte office 
of the mars/tal of a prince's household. Suet.; ma- 
gister admissionum, grand marshal, Amm. ; admis- 
sioimm proximus, a vice-grand mars/iai. Id. 

ADMISSUM,i,w. (admitto), A trespass, fault, 
crime, talea., Liv.; de admissis Poppeaj, Tac 

ADMISSUS, a, um, part, o/ admitto. 

ADMISTUS, a, um, part, o/admisceo. 

AD-MITTO, raisi, missum, 2 v. a. To suffer 
to go or come to, to admit. I. Prop. A) Gen.; 
ad capsas alqm a., Cic. ; a- alqm per ienestram, Pe- 
tron. ; a. hostes intra moenia, Flor. ; fenestra a. so- 
lem, Plin. Ep. — B) Esp. 1) Of persons of rank: 
To admit any one for the purpose of salutiiig, de- 
liberating, &c. ; to grant entrance, give au- 
di e7tce, nee quemquam admisit, admitted no one 
into his presence, Cic. ; a. legates, to admit to an 
■audience,hiv. 2)- To let go or run, give loose 
to, equum infestum a., to give the reins to, Liv.; 
thus, esp. in the part, perf, equo admisso with loose 
reins, at full speed or galley, Cic; Cws. Poet.: 
admisso passu sequi, Ov. ; admissa rota, Id.; ad- 

missai juba;, floating down. Id. II. Fig. A) 

Gen.: To admit to, svffer to come to, re- 
ceive, ad colloquium a.. Cms.; a. alqm ad bono- 
res. Suet.; a, alqm in numerum eorum, Nep.; a. 
precationem, to hear favorably, to grant, Liv. — 
a) Esp. V) prop, a) To permit, tuff er any tldng 
to be, non admittit hoc Veritas, Quint b) In the 
langnage of augurs, of birds: To permit to da, 
to ajiprove of, simul aves rite admisisseDt, Liv. 
2) a. in se alqd (facinus, scelus, &c.), or simply a. 
alqd (to give, as it were, access to a bad action or 
design, i. e.), to, render one's self culpable 
of it, quod in me tantum facinus admisiS Cic; a. 
maleticium, Id. : a. dedecus. Id. 

ADWIXTiO. 6nis(admisceo). A mixingf mixt- 
ure, a. corporis, Cic. 

ADMIXTUM. See Admisceo. 

ADMIXTUS, a, um, part, o/admisceo. 

ADMODERaTE, adv. Fitly, properly, suit- 
ably, Lucr. 

Ab-WoD£ROR, an. To moderate, restrain, 
risu a . Plant 

ADMoDUM. adv. (ad, modus). Accepting to 
measure, in full measure, fully, entirely, 
quite, very, extremely, and the like^l^. Prop. 
A) Gen. : me literfe tu* admodum delectaverultf, 
Cic ; a. fuit militum virtus laudandn, Cffis. With 
adj.: natio Gnllorum a. dedita religionibus, Cues.; 
prorse a. erectw, Id.; pauci a. erant Liv.; excep- 
tis a. panels, Tac; a. nihil, nothing az all, Cic. 
With the words puer, adolesccns, juvenis, still quite 
young, quite a boy, &c. a. adolesccns, Cic. ; pueruin 
a., Liv. ; juvenis, a., Tnc. With adverbs : a. raro, 

Cic. B) affirmative or c^iToboratite replies: 

Just so, quite so, certainly, by all meanf, 
Bellane videtur mulier? Admodum, Plant; adve- 

nis modo? Admodum, Tcr. II. Meton., vitk 

general detej-mination of Jinmbers and lime: At 
most, about, pretty nearly, turrea a. CXX., 
Caes. ; sex millia hostium caisa, quinque a. Roma- 
norum, Liv.; niillc a. equites pranniserat. Curt; 
post menses a. septem, Just 

AD-RICENIO. 4 v. a. I. To besiege, a. oppi- 

dum, Plaut II. Fig. : To apply, use, a. quel 

fabricas, quot fftllacias ! Plant. 


AD-Mi3LTOR. 4 v. dep. I. Act,: To move to- 
joardf to bring, put to, a. maiiua sacro, to put 
or lay to, Plaut. ; natura rupes prastiltas admotita 

est, has piled up. Curt 11. Neut.i To make 

for with an effort, avis a. ad nidum, Plaut. 

ADMONe-I-'XCIO, feci, 3 «. a. (admoneo, facio). 
To remind, admonish one of a iking, admone- 
feciati e,^»m., followed by an objeciiae claiisn, Cic. 

AD-MONEO, 2 u. a. I. To admouisk, reviind 
one of any thing {in a friendly, mild way), to s ug- 
gest, advise. A) Gen.: cojisir. usually, a]c[m de 
re ; seldom, alcjs rei, with a relative clause ; alqd, ut, 
lie, or merely touh a subj. ; with an ace. c. inf. or ab- 
sol : qui admonent amice, docendi sunt, Cic. ; libe- 
ros a., 8cn. ; de moribus civitatia tempus admo- 
nuit, Sail. ; admonebat alium egestatis, aliura cupid- 
itntis GUffi, complures pericuU aut ignominiaj, Slc, 
Id.; nos tanti viri (Sullaj) res adraonuit, Id.; earn 
rem nos locus a., Id.; me admonuit, ut scriberem, 
Cic. ; me adraones, ne loquar, Id. With, ad and a 
gerund : adrnonentur ad reperiendum. Cic. With 
an inf. : adraonita est cedere coelitibus, Ov. — 
B) Esp,: To press a debtor, to dun, a.alqm asris 
alieni, Cic— — -IL To admonish moreover, 
quod tacere te moueo, scio te fecisse : nunc admo- 
neo, ut, &rC., Sen. 

ADMONiTiO, onis, /. (admoneo). An admo- 
nition, a reminding, recalling to mind, 
warning, advising, Cic. I. Gen.: Advice, 
encouragement, exhortation^ Id.; a. morbi, 
doloris, the returning sensation of a former disease 
or pain, Plin. II. Esp.: Reprimand, chas- 
tisement, blame, censure, Cic; Suet. 

ADMQNSTOR, oris, m. (admoneo). He who 

admonishes or reminds, Cic. II. He who 

encourages or urges on, a. operum, Ov. 

ADMONiTRIX, icis, /. (admoneo). She who 
reminds or admonishes, Plaut. 

ADMONiTUM, i, n. (admoneo). An admoni- 
tion, a reminding, Cic. 

ADM0N1TU3, us, m. (admoneo). An admoni- 
tion, a reminding {used only in the abl. sing.), 
admonitu Allobrogum, Cic. ; a. tuo, Id. 

AD-MORDSO, mordi or momordi, rsura, 2. 
I. To bite or gnaw at a thing, brachia admorBa 

colubris, Prop. ; admorso stirpe, Virg. II. Me- 

ton.:To bite at^ gnaw, said of a miser, i. e. to 
bleed him, to get money out of him, triparcoa iiomi- 
nes benen., Plaut. 

ADMORSUS, a, \xni,part. o/admordeo. 

ADMoTfO, onis,/. (admoveo), A moving, 
setting, or putting to ; application, a. digi- 
torum,. Cic 

ADMoTUS, a, um, part, o/ admoveo. 

AD-M6V£0, niovi, raotum, 2 v. a. [admoram and 
admorim, &c., for admoveram, admoverim, &c., 
Virg.]. To move, bring, carry, lead, conduct 
to or toward, and the like; with ad or a dot. 
I. Prop. : exercitum el, Cic. ; a. copias, liiv. ; Ilan- 
nibalem altaribus admotum, led to the altar, Liv. ; 
a. medicos alcui, to send for, Suet. With an im- 
pers. obj. : a. opus ad turrim, Cajs. ; a. stimulos al- 
cui, to spur on, Cic. ; a. manus operi, to put the 

hand to a work. Id. II. Fig. : To br i ng t o, 

apply, bring in contact with, a. mentem ad 
voces alcjs, to give ear to, to attend to what one says, 
Cic; a. terrorem, Liv.; a. preens, Ov. ; genus ad- 
motum superis, related, Sil. 

AD-MuGIO, 4 V. n. To loto to, Or. 


ADMURMORaTXO* ftnia, /. (admurrauro). A 
murmuring of a crowd {with approbation ur dis- 
approbation), murmur, conciouis a., Cic; vestra 
a. Tacit, ut. &.c., Id. 

AD-MURMORO, 1 v. n. To murmur at any 
thing (with approbation or disapprubaiion), Cic. As 
admonent : ad hocpaucaadmurmurati aunt, Front 

AD-MOTILO, Iv.a. To shave; Jig. to cheat, 

ADN. For words beginning thus, look under 
Agn. or Ann. 

aD-OBROO, ere, 3 v. a. To cover with earth, 
inter, bnry. Col. 

JlD OLeO, ui (seldom evi), ultum, 2 v. a. (Jrom 
tJie root OLO, i. q. alo, whence adolesco, proles, 
suboles : prop, to make to grow up, to enlarge ; hence) 
I. In sacrificial language-. To put an offering 
upon the altar, to offerup, to burn, a. hos- 
tiam, Enn. ; a. verbenas et tura, Virg. Poet. : a. 
honores alcui deo (dese), to offer up sacrifices, Ov. ; 
Virg. ir. Met. A) To provide, cover, hon- 
or with offerings, a. altaria douia, cover with 
gifts. Lucr. ; Virg. ; a. aras cruore captivo, to 
sprinkle. Id. B) Gen.: To consume by burn- 
ing, a. .Oneida, Gell. 

XD-OLeO, ere, v. n. (oleo, allied to odor). To 
emit a scent, to smell, unguenta a., Plaut. 

ADQLESCJiNS, ends (adolesco). Growing 
up, young. I. Adj.: hominem adolescentem al- 
licere, Cic ; horaiaes a., Caas. ; Sail, ; P. Africani 
filia a., Cic. Compar. : a. Academia, the younger 

Academy, Id. II. Subst.: A youth, youn^ 

man, a young woman (between puer and juve- 
nis, or between 15 and 30 years of age, sometimes even 
beyond that. Thus Crassus is called adolescens in 
the 34iA year of his age, Cic ; and so, Brutus and 
Cassiv£, adolescentes, in the kOik year of their age, 
Id. ; 60 again, Cicero as a consul, adolescens, wften 
44 years old. Id., and the like), Cic, &c. ht the 
fem. : optimal a. facere injuriara, a young woman, 
Ter. Sometimes for the purpose of distinguishing 
people of the same name : Crasaus a., Crassus the 
younger, Ctes. 

aDOLESCENTIA (adul.), ce, /. The age of an 
adolescens (from. 15 to 30 or 40 years of age) ; see 

Adolescens. II. Youth, age of youth, 

adolescence (ei^7}/3t'a, r^ht-Kca) : adolescentiam de- 
finire, Cic. ; ineunte a., Id. 

AD5LESCENT10R (adul.), ari, v. dep. (adoles- 
cens). To act or behave as a raw or forward 
youth, Varr. 

XD5LESCENTCLUS (adul), i, m. dim. (adoles- 
cens). A very young man, a youth, i/eaviVsoj, 
Cic In opposition to more advanced age, Cicero 
calls himself a. in the 27th year of his age ; and Sal- 
lust calls Ccesar so in the 35fA or 36(A year of his age. 

aD-OLESCO (adul.), olevi, ultum, 3. [adolui /or 
adolevi, Varr.; adolesse for adolevisae, Ov..] v. 
inch. n. (adoleo). I. To grow up or grow (of 
persons, animals, plants, and fig. of time, passions, 
and the like ; esp. of a stage of life). A) Prop. : ad 
immobilem magnitudinem a., Plin. ; ffltas a., Virg. ; 
Hor.; reepublica a., Sail. — B) Fig.: To grow, 
increase, become greater, ratio quum adolevit 
nominatur sapientia, Cic. ; ingenium inter artes bo- 

nas brevi a., Sail. II. To be loaded with 

offerings (of an altar) ; or to be kin died, adoles- 
cunt ignibus arte, i. q. adolentur, Virg. 

XDONEUS (trisyllabic), ei and 6ob, m. C^Stovtvs}. 

1. For Adonis, Plaut ; App. 2. A surname of Bao 
'chus, Aus. 

XDoNeUS (tetrasyllabic), a, urn. Gf or belong- 
ing to Adonis, Au3 

ADoNiA, orum, n. (ra 'AStifta). The Adoni- 
an festiv al, kept, about the time of the siivtmer sol- 
stice, with alternate lamentations and shouts of joy, 
as efnhlematic of dying and reoiviiig nature. 

ADoNIS, idis or is (nom. Adon, Venant : gen. 
Adonis, PHn. : ace. Adoniro, Prop. ; Adonem, Serv, : 
vac. Adoni, Ov. : abl. Adone, App.). Adonis, a 
son of Cinyras, king of Cyprus, beloved hy Venus 
for his heaiity, killed by a boar sent by Mars, and 
afterward turned by Venus into thejlower Adonium, 
and lamented by her every year on the day of his 
death, Ov. ; Cic. 

aDONIUS, a, um CASolrto?). Adonic (Adonius 
scil. versus), a certain kind of verse, consisting of a 
dactyl and spondee, Serv. 

aD-0PeR1O, eriii, ertum, 4 v. n. To cover or 
cover np (almost always in the part, perf), capite 
adoperto, Liv. ; adopertus amicta, Viig. ; forlbus 
odopertis, with closed doors, Suet. 

XD-OPiNOR, 1 V. dep. To add as a suppo- 
sition, to suppose in addition, Lucr. 

XDOPTSTiCiUS or -TiUS, a, um (adopto). 
^c;o;>(ec^,_ Plaut. 

aDOPTaTiO, 6ms,f. (adopto). An adopting, 
receiving as a child (a rare fo7-m for adoptio), 
a. Theophani, Cic. ; adoptatione in regnum perve- 
nire, Sail. 

IDOPTiO, onis, /. (ad-op, whence opto ; conf. 
adoptatio). I. A legal adopting as a child, the 
adoption of one, male or female, who was yet under 
paternal potestas [as arrogatio is used of one who i$ 
his own master, sui juris ; the farmer was done by the 
authority of the prator, the latter by the people], Cic. ; 
dare se alcui in adoptionem, Veil. ; a, consularis, 
i. e, by a consul, Quint. ; adoptionem nuncupare, to 

publish, promulgate, Tac. II. Mcton. : Of the 

ingrafting of trees ; graftiug. Col. 

IDOPTlVUS, a, um (adopto). I. Belonging 
to adoption, adoptive, a. filius, Gell. ; a.familia, 
to which one belongs hy adoption. Id. ; a. sacra, of 
the adoptive family, Cic. ; a. nomen, acquired hy 

adoption, Suet.; a. nobilitas, Ov. II. Melon.: 

Of fruits: Ingrafted, foreign, Ov. : Mart.; 

XD-OPTO, 1 V. a. To choose, accept for 
one^ s self. I. Gen.: a. alqm sibipatronum, Cic; 
a. ee alcui, to attach one's self make one's self over 

to another, Plin. 11. :Esp. A) In Law, 1. 1. : To 

receive one as a child, to adopt, Scipionem 
adoptavit, Cic. ; patriciua adoptatus a plebeio, I j. ; 

a. alqm in familiam noraenque. Suet. B) 3Tc- 

ton. : a. alqm in bona libertatis, to make any one 
share in, to cause to obtain, Flor.; a, sibi nomen, 
to take a name, Mart.; a. alqd nomini suo, to give a 
thing its name, Plin.; for which wefnd also a. alqd 
in nomen, Id. ; and mcj-ely, Bsetis a, provinciam, 
gives it its name. Id. 0/ the ingrafting of trees: 
fac ramus raraum adoptct, Ov, 

aDOR, oris ajid oris, n. SpeltyHor.; Col. 
XDoRaTIO, onis, /, A ,submissive worship- 
ping (by kissing one's own hand in salutation of 
a7wther, and hy genv flexion), adoration, propiti- 
ure dcos adoratione, Plin. 

ADoRfiA, 83,/. (adorcu8; sc. donatio: orig. a 
prcsfUt of corn made, as a rcioard to gallant officers 


a7id soldiers; hence poet.). Military renoum, 
glory, Hoi*. 

ADOReUS, a, um (ador). Of or belonging 
to spelt, a. semen. Cat. ; a. far, i. q. ador, Varr.; 
instead of which we Jin d also ahsol., ndoreum, Col.-; 
a. liba, Virg. ; a. falces, for cutting spelt, Varr. 

AD-OKiOR, ortus, 4 (of the 3d in the 2 andS pers. 
of thepres. ind.). To rise suddenly upon, to ap- 
proach, go near to a person or thing. I. Prop. 
A) Gen. : a. alqm, to go to any one in order to ad- 
dress him or ask any thing of him, Ter. B) Eiq).: 

To go to as an enemy, to attack, assault 
(clandestinely, artfully ; but aggredi, to attack niah 
upon any one openly), tribunum gladiis adoriuntur, 
Cic; a. a tergo Miioncm, Id.; a. impeditos. CaeB. 
Of attacking with words: a. alqra. jurgio, Ter.; a. 

alqm criminationibus, Tac. II. Fig.: To enr 

ter upon, engage i n, under take any business; 
with inf. or acc. : adortus castellum oppugnare 
Liv. ; a. deducere domiuam, Virg. With acc : hoc 
quoque ipeum continuo adoriamur, Cic. 

aDORNaTE, adv. With ornament, eU 
gantly, a. declamare, Suet. 

ID-ORNO, 1 V. a. To prepare, make ready 
a thing for, fi t out, furnish, provide, equip. 
I. Gen. : alqd (alqa re) : naves a., Gibs. ; maria clas- 
sibus pra:isidiis a., Cic ; a. testium copiam, to pro- 
duce, Id. ; fugam a., to put one's self in a condition 

for flight, Ter. 11. Esp. : 7'o make ready 

any peison or thing by adorning ; to adorn, 
Ornament, decorate, embellish, set off, 
grace, Uaminem veste a., Liv.; a. urbem monu' 
mentis, Suet. 

aD-oRO. 1 V. a. I. To address one, B.^opn- 

lum cum gemitu, App. 11. Esp. A) To ad' 

dress one, esp. a deity, with supplication, to 
call upon, invoke, implore, supplicate, tu 
Junonis numen prece, Virg. ; a. superos prece, 
Ov. ; a. ventos, Vii-g. ; a. deos, ut, &.C., Liv.; in- 
stead of which we find it also with a simple subj.: 
maneat sic aemper, adoro, 7 pray, Prop. Witit an 
acc, nfthe thing which is asked for : hostia csesapa- 

cem deiim a., Liv. B) To address any person 

or thing with reverejice, to worship, adore, 
show respect, by kissing one's own hand in saUi- 
tation of another and genuflexion, a. Caesarem ut 
deum, Suet ; a. Cassarum imagines, Id. ; a. pris- 
corum in inveniendo curam, to reverence, to esteem 
highly, Plin. 

ADORSUS, a, am, part, of adordior. 
ADORTUS, a, um, part, o/adorior. 
ADP. For words beginning thus, look under App. 
See Acq. 

ADRaDO, si, sum, 3 v. a. L To scrape or 
shave at any thing, a. arborera scalpello, Col; 
ficus adraso cacumiue, with a top rather blunted, 

Pliu. n. Fig.: To give the last polish 

to a work, Plin. Ep. 

ADRAMYTTIUM, i, n. Adramyttium, a torn, 
on die coast of Mysia, now Adramiti, Liv.; Cic. 
Adj., Adramyttenua, Cic 

AURANA, 68, /. A drana, a river in Hesse, nou 
Fder, Tac 

ADRASTSA or ADRASTlA, m,/. CAfip^aTeia), 

i. Adrastea, thegodde^s ofretribiuion.Yirs 

II. A town in Mysia, Plia. ^ 

ADRASTkUS, a, um. Belongingto Adrai- 


tue, A. Arion (fiqauB), given by Adraatus aa apres' 
ent to Hercules, Stat. 

APRASTIS, idia, patr.f. A female descend- 
a7tt of Adraatus, e.g. Argia, daughter ofAdras- 
tus, wife of Polyjtices, Stat. 

ADK.ASTUS, i, m. (*ASpaaToy). Adrastus, a 
Jtmg of ArgoB, father-in-law to Tydeus and Poly- 
niceSt Adraati piiUentia imago, Virg. 

ADRaSUS, a, um, part, o/adrado. 

AOR.ECTARIUS, a, um. See Aukectarius. 

ADRECTUS, a, um. See Akeectus. 

AD-ReMIGO, are, v. n. To row to, classia a. 
litori, FJor. 

ADRKPO. ADREPTO, &c. ^ee Arr. 

CUS, &c. See HaDria, &c. 

ADRISOR. See Abr. 

ADRODO. See Aruodo. 

&C- See Arr. 


ADRUMETUM. See Hadrumetum. 

AD-ROO, 6re, v. a. To scrape to, heap in 
addiiiori, a. terram, Varr. 

ADSC. Words beginning thus, see under Asc. 

ADSE., ADSL, ADSO. Words beginning thus, 
see under AssK., Assr., Asso. 

ADSP. Woi'ds beginning thus, see under AaP. 

ADST. Words beginning thus, see under Ast. 

ADSU. Words beginning thus, see mider Assu. 

ADT. Words beginning thus, see under Att. 

ADO'aTCCA, ffl. Aduatica, a city in the dis- 
trict of the Mburones, now Tongres, Cbbs. 

APt5AT0CI or ADUlTiCI, orum, m. Adua- 
t ici, a Germanic tribe in Gallia Belgica, Cms. 

XDuLANS, antia. Flattering, a. verba, Plin. 
Pan. _ 

JlDuLITIO, 6ni8, /. I. The fawning of ani- 
mals, canum a., Cic. ; said of the billing of doves, 
Plin. ; of persons toward animals, Col. IT. Me- 
lon. : Base, servile, sneaking, cringing 
flattery or adulatio7t, Liv.; Tac. 

iDuLlTOR, orie, m. A vile, cringing, 
servile flatterer, Auct. Her. 

XDuLaToRIUS, a, um. Flattering, fawn- 
ing, a, dedecus, Tac. 


IDuLO, 1 V. a. (a rare form for adulor, ari). 1. 
To stroke, a. sanguiuem caud4, to wipe off, Cic. 
II. Melon.: To caress, fawn upon, flat- 
ter, canes a. gannitu vocis, Lucr. ; a. Dionysium, 
V. Mas. 

JtDuLOR, 1 V. dep. a. To cling to and flatter, 
to wheedle, fawn upon. I. Prop. : Of dogs : 
canes mitiaeimi furem adulantur, Col. ; caudam 
more adulantinm canum movere, Gell. Of other 

animals, Ov. II. A) Meton.: Of persons: To 

flatter in a vile cringing manner ; usually with 
ace: a. aliquem. Cic; a. dominum, Sen.; a. prin- 
cipem, Tac. With dat. : a. praeaentibua, I-iv. ; a. 

alcui, Nep. ; Tac. B) Esp. : Of servile adoration 

paid to the Asiatic princes (Gr. npoa-KVveZv), more 
adulantium procumbere, Liv. ; Hephsestionem 
more Persarum a., V. Max. 

aD-ULTER, eri, m., a7id XDULTERA, m, /. (ad, 
alEei', he or she who approaches another's wife pr hus- 
band). An adult^erer, adulteress, para- 


mo ur, Cic. ; Hor. In the fern. : eat aignum adul- 
teraj, lavari cum viris, Q,uiiit. ; a. hacmim, i. e. 
Helen, Hor. Of animals: vacca mugit adultero, 
Stat. Melon.: Onewho adulterates, forges, 
or counterfeits, a. solidorum, a counterfeit coin- 
er, Cod. J. 

ADULTER, Sra, erum (adulter), adj. I. Adul- 
terous, coquettish (adulterinus), a. conjux, Ov. ; 
a. cultus, of paramours, Hor. ; a. mena. thinking of 
gallantry, Oy. II. Spurious, false, coun- 
terfeit, a. clavis, a false key, Ov.; minium a., 
Plin. ; numua a., base, App. 

ADULTERA, ». See Adulter. 

iDULTfiRiXiO, onis,/. Adulteration, the 
corrupting of any thing, a. croci, Plin. 

IDULTfiRfNUS, a, um (adulter). I. Proceed- 
ing from adulterous intercourse, spuri- 
ous, liberi a. sanguine nati, Plin. Of animals: 
pullus a.. Id. II. Counterfeit, false, cor- 
rupted, a. numos accipere, Cic; signis a. obaig- 
nare, with a false seal, Id. ; a. claves portarum, false 
keys. Sail. 

aDULT£RiUM. ii, n. (adulter). L Adultery, 
in adulterio deprehendi, Cic. ; in sordido a. necari, 
in aduliery with a slave, Liv. ; a. commitEere, Quint. ; 
a. inire, Veil. ; adulteriis caelata vasa, with lascivious 
pictures, Plin. Of animals: adulteria non novere 
elephanti, Id. Of plants: An ingrafting, ar- 

borum quoque adulteria excogitata sunt, Id. 

II. Melon.: An adulteration or debasement 
of a thing, a. melHs, Plin. 

aDULTeRO, 1 V. n. and a. (adulter). 1. Neut. : 
To have illicit intercourse with a person, to 
commit adultery, a. re turpe eat, Cic; a. cum 
Grteco adolescente, Just. II. Act.: To dis- 
honor any one by debauchery, to debauch. 
A) Prop.: a. matronas, Suet. Of animals: adulte- 
retur columba milvio, Hor. — B) Meton. : To cor- 
rupt, falsify, a. faciem arte, to change, Ov. ; vc- 
luptas naturam boni adulterat, Cic. 

ADULTUS, a, u\n,part. (adolesco). Grown up, 
adult, a. virgo, Cic; puer adulta astate, Id. 

aDUMBRaTIM, adv. (adumbro). Only in 
draught or sketch, in general ippp. adamus- 
sim), Lucr. 

IDUMBRaTSO, onis./. I. Prop.: An outlineof 
athing, a sketch, Vitr. II. Fig. A) Delinea- 
tion, plan, sketch, of a speech, rei a., Cic — B) 
Pretev ce, appearance, benelicii a., V. Max. 

ADUMBRaTUS, a, um. I. Part, of adumbro. 

II. Adj. A) Represented in outline only, 

sketched, obscure, superficial, signa adum- 
brata virtutum, Cic ; a. imago glorias, Id. — B) 
That which is done just for the look of the thing, 
or for form's sake: Feigned, illusory, false, a. 
vir Pippai. the pretended or nominal husband, Cic ; 
a. Igetitia, Tac. 

iD-UMBRO, 1 V. a. To cast a shadow on or 
over any thing, to shad e^ shadow any thing with 

another. I. Prop. A) a. uvas strnmuntis, Col. B) 

Esp.: In painting : To sketch out, dtlineate, 

shadow out (Gr. o-Kiaypa^eo)), Quint. II. 

Fig.: To sketch out, to represent, describe 
faintly or imperfectly, heroum casus a. di- 
cendo, Cic. ; haic honesta a natura tamquam adura- 
brantur, shadowed, traced out, typically represented, 

XUTJNCITAS, atis,/. Curvature inward, a. 
rostrorura, by curved beaks Cic. 



XD-UNCUS, a, um. Bent or turned inward, 

hooked, a. nasus, an aguiline nose. Ter.; a. ungues, 

Cic. Poet, Fact. : praepes a, Jovis, i. e. the eagle, 

Ov. ; naso adunco suspendie, yoit turn up your nose 

To unite, adunata om- 

at, Hor 

aDuNO, 1 V. a. (unus) 
nis classis, Just. 

ADURGkO, ere, 2 v. a. To press at or on, 
Cels. Poet.: a. alqm remis, to pursue, Hor. 

XD-uRO, ussi, uetutn, 3u. a. To hum, scorch, 
singe. 1. Pro-p. A) a, sibi barbam et capillum, 
Cic. ; igues ccelestes adusaisse compluriuro vesti- 
meuta, Liv. ; in India sapientes sine gemitu adurun- 
tur, suffer thewseUes to be burned, Id. ; os ferramento 
adarendum, Cels.; loca sole adusta, parched, Plin. 
B) Of wind, frost, and the like: To hurt, dam- 
age, consume, pinch, nip, aduriai-boresfervore 
autfiatufrigidiore, Plin.; fri^usadurit, Virg. ; adusta 

gelu, Ov. ; adusta nivibus, /roze?i limbs, Plin. 

II. Fig.: Of love: To burn, injlame, Venus te 
adurit, Hor. 

ID-USQUE (vrritten also ad usque). I. Prep, with 
acc.,for usque ad: As far as, up to, a. columnas, 
Virg. ; a. moenia, Hor, ; adusque qua, up to where, 
Ov. Of time : Uu t it, a. Bupremum tempus, Hor. 

II. Adv.: Entirely, quite, a. deraso capite, 


XDUSTIO, 6nis, / (aduro). 1. A burning, 

scorching, ulcera adustione facta, Plin. 11. 

Melon. A) Inflammation, a. intantium, Plin. 

B) The attrition of trees, Plin. C) In a pass. 

sense: The condition of being burnt, r. picis, 

IDUSTUS, a, um. I, Part, of aduro. II. 

Adj. A) Browned, tannedby the sun, sunburn- 
ed, adustus corpora Maurus, Sil. ; lapis adusto col- 
ore, Plin. B) Subst., adusta, orum, n., Burns on 

the body, Cels. 

AD VECTiCiUS or -TWS, a, um (adveho). Im- 
ported, foreign, a. vinum, Sail. 

ADVECTiO, onis, /. (adveho). The bring- 
ing of goods, conveyance, transport, a. longa, 

ADVECTO, are, v.freg. a. (adveho). To carry 
or convey often to a place, a. rei frumentarite co- 
piam, Tac. 

ADVECTOR, oris, TO. (adveho). He that brings 
or carries any thing to aplace, Plaut. 
ADVECTUS, a, \xm, part, of adveho. 
ADVECTUS, us, m. A bringing or carry- 
ing to, convey an ce, a. dete, Tac. 

AD-VEHO, xi, ctum, 3 [advesti for advexisti, 
Plaut. ,- advexe /or advexisse. Id.] v. a. To car- 
ry, bring, convey, transport to, and the like; 
the passive advehor, to be brought, conveyed, 
carried to, in carriages, ships, on horseback, &.c. ; 
to drive, sail, ride to, arrive at, and the like, j 
frumenti nuraerum a., Cic. ; a. frumentum ex agris 
Romam, Id. ; a. legatos, Liv. In the pass. : ad ur- 
bem advectus, Cic. ; a. classibus, Tac. 

AD-VSLO, are, v. a. To wreathe, a. tempore, 

AD VENA, ffi, c. (advenio ). I. Foreign, 
strange; subst., a foreigner, stranger, a. 
quidam. Cic. ; a. anus, Ter. ; a. rex, Liv. ; Tibria a. 
(as coming from Etruria), Ov, ; amor a., for a for- 

eign woman. Id. Of a graft, Plin. II. Fig. : 

Strange, i. e, inexperienced in, ignorant 
of any thing, in nostra patria a^ Cic. 

AD-VKNI:ROR, art, v. dep. a. To worship, a. 
alqm, Varr. ; Sil, 

AD-VkNIO, veni, ventum, 4 v. a. To come to, 
arrive at. I. Prop.: a. ex Hyperboreis Delphos, 
Cic. ; a. quamcumque in provinciam, Id. Poet, toitk 
ace: a. Tyriam urbem, Virg. Of things: statim 
advenere literae, arrived. Suet. ; mare advenien^ 

the flow of the tide, Plin. II. Fig. A) interea 

dies advenit, quo die, &;c., came, Cic. ; a. dies, Sail; 
a. hora proficiscendi, Tac. Poet. : advenit id, quod, 
for accedit, to this is added that, Lucr. — B) Esp.: 
To come into one^ s possession, accrue, hap- 
pen to one, amicitiam. tunc ultro adventuram. 

ADVENTICIUS or -TIUS, a, um (advenio). 
Coming to us from wuhovi or abroad, strange, 
foreign. I. Gen. : a, tepor, Cic. ; Mithradates 
magnia a. copiis juvabatur, Id. ; a. auxiliuoi, Id. : a, 

dos. given by another than the father, Dig, U. 

Esp. : Belonging to an arrival, a. ccena, on 
arrival from abroad. Suet. 

ADVENTO, 1 V. int. (advenio). To arrive rap- 
idly, approach, come on, adventat tempua, 
Cic. ; a. senectus, Id. ; adventai'e Romam, Sail. ; a. 
in subsidium, Tac. With dot.: a. Parthis, Id.; a, 
portis, Stat. With ace. : a. propinqua Seleuds, to 
the environs of S., Tac. 

ADVENTOR, oris, m. (advenio). He who ar- 
rives, a stranger, guest, visitor, Plaut. 

ADVENToRIUS, a, ura (adventor). Pertain- 
ing to an arrival (coiif. Adventicius, IL). 
Subst., adventoria, £e, /. {sc. coena), an entertain-^ 
ment given on one's arrival from abroad, Mart 

ADVENTUS, us [gen. adventi, Ter.], m. (adve- 
nio). Arrival. I. Prop. A) nocturnus ad urbem 
a., Cic. ; a. in urbes sociorum,, Id. ; consulis Romam 
a., Liv. ; adventibus se offerre, i. e- to Hiose who ar- 
rive, Cic. Of impers. obj.: ante lucis adventum, 

Sail. B) A hostilemarch onward, advance, 

Ca?s. II. Fig. : malorum a., Cic. 

AD-VERBeRO, are, v. a. To strike against, 
beat, touch, a. armos unguibus, Stat 

AD-VERBiUM, ii, n. (verbum). In Grammar: 
An adverb. Quint.; Gell- 

AD-VERRENS, eiit[s,part. Sweeping near or 
toward, flumen a. natantiasaxa,^a/!n^?/pa>,Stat 
ADVERSARIA, ee, /. A female adversary, 
enemy, or opponent. See Advebsabids, II. 

ADVERSaRIA, orum, n. (sc. scripts, i. e. lying 
open to the eyes). A book in which any business oc- 
currence was put down or noted cursorily, from which 
it afterward was entered into the ledger, codex ac- 
cepti et expensi: A note-book, commonplace- 
book, memorandum -bo ok, Cic. 

ADVERSaRIUS, a, ura (adversus). Standing 
opposite to any ojie in a hostile manner (in any 
kind of contrition, also among friends, in voting, 
disptuing, bidding at auctions, and the like; of per- 
S071S and things). I. Adj.: adversarii duces. Cic; 
duces adversariaa factionis, the opposite party, Nep.; 
adversaria evertere, the arguments of the opponent, 
Cic. WiVi dot. : tribunus seditiosis adversarius, Id. 

■ II. Subst.: An adversary, opponent, au' 

tagonist, enemy, rioai, tribuni plebis illius ad' 
versani, Cic. ; acerbus a., Id. ; adversarios suos ex- 
pellere ex civitate, Caas. 

ADVERSaTTVUS, a, um (adversor). In Gram- 
mar: Opposing, adversative, comnncUonea^ 
{as, em, etiamai, quamquam), Prise. 


ADVERSSTOR, firig, m. He who opposes, 
an o-pponent^ App. 

ADVKRSITRIX, icis,/. A female opponent, 

ADVERSE, adv. Contradictorily, Gell. 

ADVERSiO, onis, /. (adverto). A tur7iinff, 
directing^ toward, animi q.', Cic. 

ADVERStTAS, atie, /. I. Contrariety, nat- 
ural aversion, antipathy, Plin. 

ADVERSiTOR, oris, m. (adveraum-itor). A 
slave that fi^oes to meet his master in order to 
conduct him home, Don. Ter. 

ADVERSO (advors.), are, v. freq. (adverto). 
I. To attend zealously, pay great attention, 
animo a., ne, &c., Plaut. II. To oppress, App. 

ADVERSOR (advors.). «. d^. n. and a. (adver- 
8US). I. NeatT.! To stand opposite to one, to 
be against. A) Prop,: advereante vento, Tac. 

B) Fig.: To oppose^ resist, a. libidini alcjs, 

Cic. ; non a. petenti, Virg. ; adversantibus ainicis, 
Tac. ; a. quominus alqd tiat, not to svffer a thing to 

he done, Cic. II. Act.: To avoid, shun, flee 

from apersoji or thing, a. regem, Tac. ; a. ambitio- 
nem, Id. 

ADVERSUM, i. See Adversus, adj. 

ADVERSUM, adv. See Adveesus, adv. 

ADVERSUS (advors.), a, um. I. Part, o/ adver- 
to.— ^—11. Adj.: Turned toward, opposite, 
being or standing over against, in front 
of, facing. A) 1) solem advereum intueri, to 
gaze full at, to gaze full in the face of, Cic. ; collis 
B,., opposite, C^B.; hostes i^., fronting. Id.; itinere 
a., against the enemy, Tac. ; denies a,, the front teeth, 
Cic. ; a- manus, fiat or inner part of the hand, Id. ; 
vulnerari in a. oa, in front. Gees. ; a, liumine ire, 
up or against the stream (ppp. eecundo flumine), 
Ceee. ; adveraa (sc. loca) Bastarnae tenent, the oppo- 
site side, Plin. ; ventus adversum tenet Athenis pro- 
ficiscentibua, blows contrary to tliose who sail from 
Athens, Nep. ; thus, 2) Adv. a) Ex adverso, Over 
against, opposite, portiis ex adverao urbi posi- 
tua, Liv. ; quum ex advereo starent classes, Just. 
With g&ii. : ex a. .ffitolitB, Plin. b) In adversum, 
On the other side, in a. Romani subiere, i. e. 
against, Liv. ; currus in advereum immissi, against 
each other, Prop. B) Esp.: That stands oppo- 
site in a hostile manner, hostile^ adverse, 
contrary^ unfavorable {in Cicero, of impers. 
obj. only) ; witfi dat. : omnium mentes, mlhi sunt 
a., Cic. ; a. annus frugibus, Liv. ; quia omnia regna 
adversa sint, opposed, Sail. Absol. : res adverste, 
misfortunes, adversity, Cic. ; a. praslium, unfavora- 
ble, Csea. ; a. valetudo, illness, Liv. ; adverse rumo- 
re esse, to be in bad repute, Tac. ; adverso Marte, 
Virg, Subst. ; si quid adversi eveniat, adversity, 
misfortune. Often in the plur., adversa, misfor- 
tunes, Plin. Pan. ; thus in the masc. : vir acer et ad- 
versus populi partium, adversary of the popular par- 
ty, Sail. 

ADVERSUS <advor8.) and ADVERSUM {like 
rursus and rursum, prorsus and prorsum, quor- 
aua and quoraum), adv. and prep, (adversus, adj.). 
Turned toward or to. I. Adv.: Against, 
whether hostilely or not, ibo advoraum, Plaut. ; ad- 
vorsum ire bero, to go to meet, to go for him. Id. 
Jn a friendly sense : postquam nemo adveraus ibat, 
Liv. II. Prep, with ace. : Against, opposite 

to, over against, toward, in front of. 
A) Gen. : cohortes quatuor adversum pedites hos- 


tium collocat, opposite. Sail. ; impetum a. montem 
in cohortes faciunt, up-hill, Ca)s. ; naves a, urbem 
ipaam delatae, Liv. ; reeponsum a. Serviura, in the 
matter of, Tac. ; a. ea consul reapondit, thereupon, 
Liv. B) Esp. 1) Of one's conduct or mode of pro- 
ceeding, of one's feelings toward a person [friertdly 
or unfriendly ; but erga is used chiefiy in a friendly, 
and contra in an uufrimdly, seu^e], ae gerere a. 
Cassarem, to deport one's self toward Ccesar, Cic. ; 
adhibere reverentiam a. homines, Id. ; pietas a. de- 
08 sublata, Id. In an unfriendly sense: libido ad* 
vorsuin nos, mctus pro nobis suasit, Sail. ; a. rem 
publ. facere, Id. ; Cbbs. ; adversum divitias invictus 
animus, Sail. After the pronoun: profligatis iia, 
quoa adversum ierat, Sail. ; hunc a., Nep. 2) In 
comparison of, in proportion to, ijt regard 
of, duo prospera in tot secuUs bella Samnitium a. 
tot decora pop. Rom., Liv. 

AD-VERTO (vort-), ti, sum, 3v,a. To turn or 
direct toward or to. 1. Gen. A) Gen.: quuni 
laivam manum advertcrat, had turned to, Cic; a. 
lumina, Ov. ; a. pedera ripas, Virg. — B) Esp. : Naut. 
t, t.: To turn or direct a ship ta or toward 
any place, a. classem in portum, Liv. ; a. proras 

terra), Virg. ; Scythicas advertltur oras, Ov. 

II. Fig.: A) 1) Animum, animos, mentem a. ad 
alqd or alcui rei, to turn pne's mind, thoughts, atten- 
tion to, to advert to, give attention to, attend to, be 
attentive, a. animum etiam leviesimis rebus, Tac. ; 
hue a. mentem, Virg. ; in rebus acerbia a animos 
ad religionem, Lucr. Pfiikne : ut animum adver- 
tant, ne quos oti'endant, Cic. Without animum: 
paucis, adverte, docebo, attend, Virg. 2) Meton. : 
animum a„ to remark, obsei-ve, comprehend, under- 
stand any thing by attention {hence, mostly in a con- 
tracted form, animadvertere ; see that word), ani- 
mum adverti columellam, Cic. ; animum a., equi- 
tea, aciem, id, hoc, &c., C^es. ; Hirt ; Sail. ; hence 
also, in the passive voice : qua re animum adversa, 

Ctes. B) a. alqm or alqd, to turn or direct one's 

attention to any thing, advertit ea res Sabinoa, Liv. ; 
octo aquilsa imperatorem advertere, Tac. ; odia ad- 
vertit, drew upon herself. Id. — C) a. in alqm, inr 
stead of the usual animadvertero, to punish one, in 
Fublium Marcium consules mure prisco advertere, 

AD-VESPeRASCIT, -RaVIT, 3 tJ. inchoat. im- 
pers. (vespera). It grows late, night is com- 
ing on, Cic. 

AD-VJGiLO, are, v. n. To watch by any 
thing, be watchful over. L Prop.: a. ad custo- 

diam ignis, Cic; parvo a. nepoti, Tibull. 

II. Fig.: To watch, be watchful, vigilant, a. 
pro rei dignitate, Q. Cic. 

ADVOCaTIO, onis,/. {a calling in, hence) I. In 
Law, 1. 1. {see Ai>vocat'Ub) : Assistance inacourt 

of justice, legal assistance, Cic II. Meton. 

A) Consultation of counsel or advocates, max- 

imarum rerum frequentissimse a., Cic B) Concr. : 

A whole body, or company of advocates, a. 

copiosa, Cic. C) 1) Respite granted by law for 

procuring an advocate, delay, binas advocationes 
postulare, Cic. Hence: 2) Respite, delay in 
general. Sen. 

ADVOCiTUS, i, m. I. In Law, 1. 1. : One who, in 
a lawsuit, is called upon for advice by a party, and 
appears with him in court, yet without pleading for 
him {which the patronus did ; eognitor and procu- 
rator are representatives, attorneys in the modem 


sense]; Legal assistant, legal adviser, 

counsel, a. venire alcui, Cic. li. Melon. 

A) Gen.: Assistant, helper, friend, vellem ad- 
esset Antoniiis, trjodo sine advocatis, wiilwut his 

assistants (i. e. soldurs), Cic. B) A pleader {in 

the modern sense), Qumt, ; Tac. 

AD-VDCO, 1 v.a. To call to or in, to invite 
to come or be present, alqm (alqd) ad, in, Mi(A a 
dat. or absol. I. A) Prop. : a. conciunein, Cic. ; a. 
viios priraarios in consilium, Id, Absol.: quod 

non advocavi ad obsignandum. B) £sp.: In Law, 

t. t.: To call in any one to assist as counselor 
or adviser in court, viros bonos a., Cic. ; a. alios ad 
actiones. alios ad probationem, Quint. Absol. : ad- 
erat trequens, advocabat, called in friends, Cic. 

II. Fig. A) Gen.: Tu call to or in, nni- 

mum ad se ipsura a., recall, call home one's thoughts, 

Cic. ; a. oblitcrata nomina, call back, Tac. B) Esp. 

{according to I. ^) To call in, call or sen d for 
one as an advoeale, to snvnno n, call out, adhibe- 
rti oculos advociitos, as helps, Cic. ; a. omnia arma, 
to summon, call out, Virg. 

A'DVOLaTUS, us, 7w. a flying to or toward, 
Cic. Poet. 

ADVOLlTO. are, v.freq. To use to fly to or 
toward, papilio lurainibus accensis advolitans, 
Plin. ; co?if. Advolo, 1. 

AD-V5LO, 1 V. n. To fly to or toward. 
I. Prop. : avis advolane ad aves, Cic. ; examen ves- 
parum a. in forum, Liv. ; papilio lucernarum lu- 

miriibusa., Plin. ll.MeUni.: Like our fly to, 

instead of to hasten to, come quickly to, si in- 
gredei-is, curre ; Bi curris, advola. Cic; ad urbem 
a. ; thus, a. ad castra, Ctes. ; ad hibema, Id. : — rarely 
with ace. : rostra Cato advolat, Cic. 

AD- VOLVO, vi, volutum, \i r. a. To roll to or 
toward, to carry to a place by rolling. 
1. Prop. : a, ulmos focis, Virg. ; a. ornos montibus, 
Id. In the middle voice: advolvi or a. se genibus, 
to throw one's self at one's feet, Liv. ; Veil, ; instead 
of which with ace. : advolvi genua alcjs, Sail. ; Tac. ; 
advolvi aris dei, to prostrate one?s self or fall down, 

Prop. II. Fig.: advolvitur aati-Js clamor, is 

raised, ascends, Stat. ; a. in unum carmen, to com- 
press, Claud. 

See AovEns. and Advert. 

XDYRMACHiD^, arum, m. C ABvp^o-xitan). 
A dyrmackidm, a people belwcai Egypt and the 
greater Syrtls, Plin. ; Sil. 

JtDJTUM, i, n. (aSvTov, not to be entered). The 
sanctuary of a temple, the inner part, Virg. 
Of a consecrated tomb. Id. Poet. : ex adyto cor- 
dis responsa dare, Lucr, 

jEA, ai,/ (ala, land). JEa,a city of Colchis, V. Fl. 
iEXClDElUS, a, urn (,<Eacides), Of or belong- 
ing to the Macidm, ^acidean, M. regna, i. e. 
JEgina, Ov, 

iEACIDES, ffi, {voc. .^acida, Enn. ap. Cic; 
.^aiide, Ov.), m. (AiaKt'S^y). A male descend- 
ant of Macus, king of Mgina, e. g. his sons, Ov., and Peleus, Id. ; hisgrandson, Achillas, 
Virg. ; his great-great grandson, Pijrrhus, son of 
Achilles, Id. ; his later descendant, Pyi-rhns, king of 
Epirus, Enn. ap. Cic. ; Perseus, king of Macedonia, 
conquered by jEmilius Paulas, Virg. In the plur., 
of the sons of ./Eacus, Peleus, Telamon, and Phocus, 
Ov. ; of the grandsons, Achillea, and Ajax, soji of 
l^elamon, Id. 


jEJfCIDTNUS, a, urn (^acides). Belong. 
ing to an ^lacides {AckiUcs), JSacidineaTi, 
Achillean, .^. mina;, Plaut. 

MK-ClUS, a, um. JEacian, M. flos, i. e. theky- 
acinth {as sprung from Ajax's blood). Col. 

JEACOS, i [ace. jEacon, Ov.J, m. (Atojcos). ^a- 
ens, the son of Jupiter and jEgina or EuTopa,king 
of Mgina, father of Peleus, Telamon, and Phocus^ 
for his Justice appointed jitdge of tlie infernal re- 
gions, with Minos and Rhadamanthus, Ov. ; Cic. 

^2£iA.,m,f. (AtatTj). Miza, a fabulous island on 
the lower coast of Italy, near the Circeian Promoiaory, 
where Circe dioelt, Virg. Calypso, according to Mela, 
occupied an island of the same name in the Fretum 

jEiEUS, a,um (^aea). I. Belonging to Circe, 
M. Telegonus, the son of Circe, Prop. ; ^. artes, the 

sorceries of Circe, Ov. ; M. carmina, spells, Id 

II. Beloii ging to JE lE a, as the residetice of Calyp. 
so, M. puella, i. e. Calypso, Prop. 

.jEBuTiUS, ii, tk., a"t^-^BuTlA, te,/. A Roman 
proper name, Cic. Hence, adj., 

jEBuTIA (Lex), Gell; Cic. 

^DEPOL. Ste Edepol. 

./EDES or -^DIS, is, /. {orig. probably any thing 
built, a building; hence) Esp.: A building, as a 
lodging, place of residence, habitation, man- 
sion. I. Prop. A) A dwelling-place for mxn, 
co?isisting of several apartments; hence, esp. in the 
plur., iedes, lum, A dwelling, abode, house,ia 
mediis aidibus, Cic. ; ae. regia;, Plaut ; aj. pulchre 
Eedificata;, Id. ; ai. private, Suet. ; ffi. liberai, rent- 
free, Liv. B) For deities: A temple, sacred 

edifice; in the sing.: asdis {also aides) Minerva, 
Cic. ; aides Mercurii dedicate est, Liv, In the plur., 
of sevei-al temples: m. sacrsB complures, Cic; te. la- 

bentes deorum, Hor. II. Melon. A) Of a cell 

for bees, Virg. B) For a household, family, sustol- 

lat stjdes totas in crucem, Plaut. C) A scaf- 
fold, St ag e, EB. aurata, a ctuafalcfor the corpse of 
Casar, Suet. 

jEDiCOLA, a?, /. dim. (sdes). I. A small, 
mean habitation, a cottage; mostly in the 
plur. : M. Manilius habuit asdiuulas in Carinis. Cic. 

II. .4 V iche or shrine, for the image of a 

deity ; in the sing., Liv. 

jEDiFiCaTIO, onis,/. A) The act of build- 
ing, building {in the abstract), ilia intolerabilis 

ffi. constitit, stopped, Cic. B) Melon.: A build- 

ing, Conor., a structure, edifice, Cic 

^DiFSCaTIUNCOLA. m, /. dim. A small 
building, Cic. 

^DiFiCaTOR. oris, 77?. ]) A builder, arch- 
itect. Meton.: as. mundi, Cic 2) Adj.: That 
takes pleasure in buildiiig, fond of builds 
ing, Nep. 

^DiFiCIUM, ii, Ti.Ceedifico). Any sort of build- 
ing [but eedes of dwelling-hoiises only\, ajdes aidi- 
ficiaque, Liv.; vicis aiditiciisque iocensis, Cajs, 

.ffiDIFiCO, 1 V. 71. and a. (a&des. facio). L NeuL: 
To erect a building, to build, as. domum, 

Cic. — I n. Act.: To build, erect, construct 

any thijig. A) Prop. : le. urbem. carcerem, navem, 

•fee., Cic. B) Meton. a) To provide a place 

with buildings, to build upon, erect build- 
ings upon, vacuns areas k.. Suet b) Gen.: Of 
otlier objeas: se. mundum, to construct, frame^ Cic. 
Poet : ffi. altum caput, to raise by a high head-dress, 


^DlLICiUS or -TIUS, a, um (tedilia). Of or 
belonging to an mdile, eb. munere fungi, Cic. ; 
EB, Bcriba, (ff an mdile, Id.; m. repulaa, in suing for 
the oj^cc of an <edUc, Id. ; eb. largitio, Liv. 

jEDILJS, \b {flbl. aedili a-nd tediit!), m. (ffidea). A n 
tBdilc, a magistrate in, Rome who had the euper- 
intendence of ttmples and other public buildings 
{whence iJit name), superintended public spectadea, 
and performed other functions of our police. Orig- 
inally there were but two plebeian cediles, but after- 
ward two sediles curules (so called from their using 
the sella curulis) were added. 

^DlLiTAS, atis, /. Th e offi ce of an ecdile, 
adileskip, aediUtatem petere, Cic. 

.^BILITIUS, a, um. See .^Edilicius. 

^DIS. See vEdes. 

jEDiTiMUS or ^DITOMUS (the older form of 
of sedituus, quasi ffidis iiitimus). A keeper or 
guardian 'of a tevtple, sacristan, temple- 
warden, Varro. 

jEDiTOENS, entiH,.m., /or aadituus. A keeper 
of a temple, Lucr. 

^DiTCUS, i, m. (aedee, tueor). A keeper or 
guardian of a temple, sacristan, temple- 
warden, Cic. Fig.: Said of poets, who arc re- 
garded as keepers of the temple of Apollo or the 
Muses, Hor. 

MDtll (.also Heed, and Hed.), orum, m. The 
JEdui, a people friendly to the Romans, in Gallia 
Celtica, between the Liger, now Loire, and the Arar, 
now SaOne, Cass. ; Cic, 

METJEVS, a, um (iEetes). Belonging to 
.Metes, M. tinea,_i. e. Colchis, Catull, 

iEETES or ^eTA, ai, m. (AiijTTjs). Metes, a 
fabulous king of Colchis, son of Sol, father of Medea 
and Absyrtus, Cic. ; Ov. 

iEETiAS, iadis, /. (^etes). A daughter of 
Metes, j.. e. Medea, Ov. 

.^iETlNE, es,/. (.■Eetes, as "Herine from Nereus). 
A daughter of Metes, i. e. Medea, Ov. 

iEETIS, idos, / (jEetes). Daughter of Me- 
tes, I e. Medea, V. Fl. 

JEeTiVS, n, um (^etes). Pertaining to 
Metes, iE. tellus, i. e. Colchis, Y. Fl. ; M. virgo, 
i. e. Medea, Id. 

MGMOli, onis, nt. Mgaon. 1. A hundred-hand- 
ed giant, Virg. 2. A sea-deity, son of Neptune, Ov. 

^GiEUS, a, um. Mgean ; hence, mare JEg^- 
um (Ai-yatoi' irekayog, ttoi'tos At-yato?)- ^- 2'/ie 
Mgean Sea, now the Archipelago, Cic. ; Plin. 

Poet.: absol., iGgaJum, Prop.; Hor. II. Adj.: 

jEgaeus, a, urn, bf or belonging to the Mge- 
a7i Sea, JE. gurges, Cic; M. Neptunua, Virg. ; 
M. tumultua, Hor. 

jEGaTES, um, /. The three Mgatian isl- 
ands in front of the promontory of Lilybesum, 
where Lutati us Catulus conquered the Carthaginians, 
Mel. ; Liv. ; Nep. 

.^GER. gra, grum (ae-ger, bearing a burden, bur- 
dened. Compare g^-a, a weight). Sick, indis- 
posed. I. Inbody: Sick, ill, suffering, dis- 
tempered, diseased. Subst.: ,A sick person, 
patient [thus always in Celsus, never legrotus], 
CBgro adhibere medicinam, Cic. ; homines asgri 
morbo gravi. Id. ; se. pedibus, Sail. ; ge, atomachua, 
languishing (i. e. hungry), Hor. ; se. anhelitus, 
like that of sick persons, Virg. Of plants : eb. aegea, 

,Virg. ; ai. vitis, Mart. 11. Fig. A) In mind : 

Diatemperedf troubled^ low-spirited, sad^ 


dejected, ee. animus, Sail.; ffi. mortalea, angering, 
poor, Virg. ; as. corda, Ov. With abl. : Medea ani- 
mo 8e'gra,Enn.; animus se. avaritia, Sail. ; ©. amore, 
Liv. ; ffi. curis, Virg. With gen. : aa. consilii, unde- 
termined, perplexed, Sail. ; be. animi, Liv. Superl. : 
Psyche aagerrima, most sorroioful, grie/oed, App.— 
B) In a suffering state, suffering, frail, 
weak, feeble, infirm, rei publicee partes aagras, 

^GEUS (dissyllab.), ei, m. (Alyevt;). Mgeus, 
son of Pandion, king of Athens, father of Theseus ; 
ace, iEgfia. Ov. 

^GeUS (trisyllah.), a, um,/or ^gteus. 

jEGIaLEUS (cetrasyllab.), ei, m. (AtyioAeiJ?). I. 
Another name for Absyrtus, Pac. np. Cic. ; Just. 
II. Son of Adrastus, slain by Laodamas be- 
fore Thebes, Hyg. 

.■EGlDES, iB, m. (AlyetfiTj?). A male descend- 
ant of Mgeus; e. g. Theseus, Ov. In theplur.: 
Descendants of Mgeus, lA. 

iEGlENSIS, e. Of or belonging to Mgi- 
um, EB. civitiis, Tac. InOiepLur., Subst,: Inhabit- 
ants of Mginm, Liv. 

^GIMuRUS or -MORUS, i, m. Mgim^trus, 
an isla7id at the mouth of the Gulf of Carthage, now 
Zowamour or Zembra, hiv. 

^GlMA, w,f (Aiytva). Mgina. I. Ail island 
in the middle of the SaronicGnlf, now Engia, Sulp, 

ap. Cic; Liv. II. In Mythology: A nymph, 

daughter of Asopus, mother of Macus, Ov. 

.^GfNENSIS, is, 771. (jEgina). An inhabitant 
of Mgina, V. Max. 

.^EGiNeTA, !b, m. (^gina). An inhabitant 
of M^ina, Cic. 

^GiNETICUS, a, um (JEgins). Of or belong' 
ing to Mgina, M. ms, Plin. 

^GION. Sec iEGiUM. 

jEGiPAN, anis or anoa, m. {AXyiirav). I. Goat- 
shaped pan, a sylvan deity shaped like a goat, 
Hyg. n. A baboon, Mel.; Plin. 

jEGIS. idia,/. (0,1719). A) The eegis, shield of 
Jupiter, Virg. ; of Minerva, with Medusa's head upon 
it,ld.; Hor. B) Fig.: A shield, defence,Qy. 

jEGISONUS, a, um (segia, sono). That re- 
sounds with the (Bgis, go, pectus, V, Fl. 

jEGISTHUS, i, m. (Aiyto-^o?)- Mgisthus, son 
of Thyestes, murderer of Air ens, and afterward aid- 
ing in the murder of Agamemnon, with whose wife, 
Clytemnestra, he lived, until he was at last slain, with 
her, by Orestes, Cic. 

jEGiUM or -ON, ii, n. (Ai-yioi/). Mg ium, a town 
in Achaia, and the capital after the destruction of 
Helicc, where the members of the league used to meet, 
now Vostizza, Liv ; Lucr. 

jEGiUS, a, um (/Egium). Of or belonging 
to Mgium, EB. vitis. a kind of vine, Plin, 

jEGLe, es, /. {aiyK-T], brightness). Mgle, u 
nymph, daughter of Jupiter and Netzra, Virg. 

jEGOCfiRoS, 0138, m. (alyoKcpoi^). Capricorn, 
poet, as one of the zodiacal signs, usually Capricor- 
71US, Lucr, ; Luc. Also, .^goceros, 1, Cffls. Germ. ; 

^GON, onis, m. (Auyoiv). The Mgean Sea, 
for Agaeum mare, V. Fl.; Stat. 

^GOS FLtJMEN, n. (Atyo? IToTajad?, Goat's 
River). A rioer and town in the Thrncian Chersone- 
sus, not far from the., where Lysander de- 
feated the Alheniaus, 405 B.C., Nep. ; Plin. 

^GPi-E, adv. (EOger, II.). L With difficulty 

(ofthemind). A) Objeciively : Uncomfortably ; 
in asnd,griecons, annoying, vexing mnnner, nescio 
quid meo animo est a^gre, disturbs, troiibUs mij mind, 
Plaut. ; hocmihi ai. eat, this gritves, vexes, triirioijsmc, 
Id.; sa. facere a\cui, to kurl, vex anyone, Piaiit. ; Ter. ; 
and ffi. audire alqd ex alqo. any thing annoying, 

disagreeable, Id. B) Subjectively: With grief, 

regret, displeasure, or dislike, unwilli ug- 
ly, reluctantly, discessit, aegre ferens, ow.( ft/^em- 
per, vexed, Cic. ; fa. t'erre, to bear mi willingly, with 

displeasure. Id.; careo augre, reluctantly, Id. 

II. Melon.: With great difficulty, hardly, 
scarcely, m. victa pertinacia, Llv. ; nihil ajgiius 
factum est, Cic; Bigerrime conficere alqd, Cms. 

jEGRESCO, ere, v. inchoat. n. (ai'ger). I. To 

grow sicft, aj.rciorbis,Lucr.; corvi ad., Plin. 

li. Fig. A) To groiD worse, eegrescit medendo, 

Virg. B) To grow sorrowful, to grieve, be 

vexed, se, rebus lajtis, Stat. 

jEGRiMoNIA, se, /. (asger). Sadness, sor- 
row, grief, Cic; tristia te.. Hor. ; ie. det'ormia, Id. 

jEGRITtjDO, Inis, /. (ffi^er). The condition of 
the a3ger, Sickness, indisposition. I. Of the 
body {for which in classic prose we find Eegrotatio) : 
elephanti feesi tegritudine, Plin. ; segritudine fesaus, 

Tac ; EE. corporis, Curt. II. Of the mind: 

Grief, sadness, sorrow, uneasiness, and the 
like, ut !«grotatio in corpore, sic re. in animo, Cic. ; 
ffigritudine affici, Id. ; curam et -at. ponere, Id. 

jEGROR, oris, m. (Eeger), Sickness, Lucr. 

.^CtRoTaTJO, onis, /. (eegrotus). Sickness, 
disease, infirmity, of the body [but aigritudo 
chiefly of the mind]. I. Prop. A) Ut m. in corpore, 
sic Eegritudo in animo, Cic. — B) Melon. .- Of plants, 

Plin. II. Fig.: A morbid state of the 

mind, disease of the soul or mind, ffigrota- 
tiones animi, qualis est avaritia, gloria, cupiditas, 

^GRoTO, 1 V. n. (tegrotus). To be sick. I. 
Prop. : vehementer diuque SBgrotavit, Cic. ; ie. 
grnviter, Id.; je. morbo, Hor. Of plants, PHn. 

II. Fig. : en res, ex qua animus aagrotat, 

Cic. Of abstr. objects : aagrotant artes, Plaut. ; aj. 
fama, Lucr. 

.SGRoTUS, a, um (aeger). Sick. Subst. : A 
sick man. I- Prop.: quum ad eutn aegrotum ve- 
niesem, Cic. ; ee. corpus, Hor. II. Fig. : as. an- 
imus, quern appellant insaniam, Cic. ; eb. respublica, 

.ffiGYPTISCUS, a, um. Egyptian (usually 
.ffigyptius), litus M., Plin. ; libri JE., Gell. 

MGYPTiVS, a, ura (A 171/77x1.0?). Egyptian, 
JE. mare, Plin.; M. rex, Cic. Subst.: An Egyp- 
tian, ibim aut felem violatum tib jEgyptio, Cic. 

.^GYPTUS, i (AtyvTTTOs)- ^ Masc. : .Egyptus, 
a mythic king of Egypt, brother of Dauaus, Hyg. 

II. Fern.: Egypt, jEgyptum Nilus irrigat, 


.^LIaNUS, a, um (^lius). Of or belonging 
to JElius, Julian, iE. oratiunculffl. composed by 
the stoic L. jEUus Tubero, Cic. : Jus jE., ike code of 
laws by Sczt. JEliiis Pastus: Ji. studia, i. e. of L. 
JElius sain. 

jELiNOS, i. m. (aiA.tros). A mournful song, 
elegy, dirge, Ov. 

jELIUS. a, jEHus. I. A family namp among 

the Romans. TI. Adj.: lex JE. Scntla, pa.ised 

■under Augustus, cnnlaining provisions concerning 
the manumission of slaves. 


XELLO, OS,/. CAeAAti). A€llo. 1. One of the 
harpies, Ov 2. Ojie of Acteeon's hounds. Id. 

^MiLiaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
the JEmilian family, P. Scipio Africanus .ffimil- 
ianus, i. e. the younger Scipio Africamis, adopted by 
the son of the elder Scipio Africanus; fte was tta 
son of L. ^milius Paulus, Veil. ; called also simply 
.iEmilianus, Plin, 

./EMiLiUS, a. JEmilius. I. A Roman famUy 
name. The most celebrated was congueror of Perseus, 

and father of the yoiLnger Scipio Africanus. 

II. Adj.: JEmilian, M. tribus, Cic; Liv. ; jE. via, 
the name of three several public roads, Liv. ; Plin. 

See H.a:MONiA, &c. 

jEMULA, Si. 5ce jEmdlus. 

jEMCLaTiO, onis,/. Emulation, ingoodor 
bad sense ; contention, rivalry, jealousy, en- 
vy, grudge, ill-will, Cic; m. glorise, Tac; s. 
naturae (in painting), Plin. In a bad sense: m. 
prava, Tac. ; inter Agrippinam et Domitiam infenfia 
88. exercebatur, Id. 

jEMCLaTOR, oris, m. A zealous imitator, 
emulator, competitor. Just. ; eb. dei animaa, 
Sen. Iron. : atj. Catonis, imitator, Cic. 

.^MOLaTUS, us, m. (/or Eemulatio). Jealousy, 
envy, Tac. 

jEMULOR, 1 v. dtp. a. and n. (eemulus). To 
emulate ardently, in good or bad sense. I. In 
a good sense: To emulate, imitate, to vie with, 
to rival, strive to equal; with ace: bj. insti- 
tuta, Cic. ; EB. studia alcjs, to be an ardent follower 
or disciple of any one, Liv. ; as. virtutes majorum, 
Tac; se. Homerum, to rival, co?itend with, Ciuint. 
Of things: Basilica; uv® Albanum vinum temulan- 
tur, come up to, Plin. Seldom with dot.: veteribus 

se., Quint. W. In a bad sense: To be jealous 

of, to be envious at or of; with dot.: lis semn- 
lamur, qui habent, qute nos babere cupimua, Cic. 
With cum : ne mecum smuletur, Liv. 

jEMOLUS, a, um (allied to im-itor). Desirous 
or e ag er to equal, emulatirtg, in good or bad 
sense. I. In a good sense: Emulous, rival- 
ing; commonly subst.: An emulator, rival, 
competitor ; with gen.: es. mearura laudum, 
Cic. ; mulier as, domesticae laudis. Id. ; Hancibal 
EE. itinerum Herculis, Liv.; ge. Platonis, Quint 
With dat. : C;+?sar summis oratoribus ae., Tac, Of 
things : labra ae. rosis. Mart. ; spes se. patris laudi, 

Virg. II. In abad sense: Jealous, envious. 

Subst.: An invidious rival. A) Gen.: aj. Mi- 
senu?, Virg. ; eb. Britannici, Suet. ; x. onmium, Id. 
Of things : Carthago je. imperii Romani, Sail.; m. 

sencctus, envious at youth, Virg. B) Esp. : A 

rival in love, Cic. 

jENaRIA, m,f. ^nar ia, a volcanic island off 
the coast of Campania, at the entrance of the Bag 
of Naples, under which the Roman poets represented 
Typhoeus as lying. It w-as also called Pithecnsa 
and InRrime, note Isc hi a, Xirg.; Ov. ; Va]. Place, 

jENEXDeS, as. m. (AtrciaSij? or XlvedSm). I. A 
male descendant of JEneas; e. g. his son As- 

canins, Virg. H. Meton. : One of the savu race 

as ^nens; a Tr oj an, Virg,; very often, a Ro- 
man. Virg.; Ov. o 3 J , 

vENeAS or ^NeA. bb. m. (Puveia.%). 1. JEneas, 
son of Anchises and Venus, from whom the Romans 
claimed their descent, and whom they according^ 

honored as Juppiter Indiges. 3. ^neas Silviiis, 
the third king of Alba, Liv. 

^NeaTOR and contr. ^NiTOR, oris, m. (tea). 
A trumpeter. Suet. 

^NEiS, idis or idos, /. The ^neld of Vir- 
gil, Ov. ; Gell. 

^NeIUS, a, um (iSneas). Of or belonging 
to Mneas, M. nutrix, Virg. ; M. virtua, Ov. ; M. 
pietaB, Id. 

^NfiUS [poet, aho XSnSua or Xheneus], a, um 
(ebb). I. Made of copper or brass, bronze, 
copper, signum je., Cic. ; lecti serati et candelabra 

8B., Id. XL Meton.: A) Brassy, reddish, m. 

bai'ba. Suet. ; conf. Aenobaebus. B) Soli d, 

hard as metal, brazen, m. murue, Hor.; Ov. ; ce. 
proles, the brazen age, Ov. 

^NIaNES, um, m. Mnianes, a people of 
Thessaly, Cic. 

jENiDeS, eb, m. A male descendant of 
jEne7£s, king of Propontis. The inhabitants of 
Cyzicua are so called, as having been dcsceikded from 
a son of Mneus, V. FL 

.ENIGMA, aria (dai. and obi. pi. aenigmatia, ac- 
cording to Char.), n. (alviyfj-a.). A riddle, puz- 
zle, enigma, any thing mysterious or inex- 
plica bte, 1. Qen.: Eenigmata somniorum, Cic; 

ffi. legum, the knotty points, Juv. II. Esp. A) 

An obscurity, dark saying, an obscure al- 
legory, Cic; Q,uint. 

IeNIPES or AHeNIPES, edis (aenua, pes). 
Brazen-footed, a. bovea, Ov. 

IeNOBARBUS (Ihen.), i, m, (aenua, barba). 
Red-beard, a cognomen of the Domitian gens at 
Rome, Suet. 

IeNUS or AHeNUS, a, um (sea), poe(. /or Eeneug. 
I. Made of brass, bronze, or copper, craterea 
a., Virg. Subst., aenum, i, n., A vessel of brass 

or copper, Yirg.; Ov. 11. Meton. : Brazen, 

equiv. to firm, hard, invincible. A) Prop. : manu a., 

Hor. B) Fig.: Hard, inexorable, a. corda, 


^NUS or -OS, i, / JEnus, a town in Thrace, 
near the mouth of the Hebrus, now Eno, Cic ; Liv. 
TJie inhabilitnts, jEnii, orum, Liv. 

jENU3,i,7n. JEnus, a river in R<£tia,the bound- 
ary between Rietia and Noricum, now the Inn, Tac 

^OLES, um, m. (AtoAeis). The JEolians in 
Asia Minor, and in the Peloponnesus, Cic ; Var. ; 

^5LIA, m,f (AloAia). Molia. 1. A province 
of Asia Minor, called also ^olis. 2. And also JEo- 
has Inaulae, a group of islands near Sicily, now the 
Lipari islands, Virg. 

^OLICUS. a, um (Ato\iKo's). Of or belong- 
ing to the JEolians, .^olian, j£. gena, Plin. ; 
^. digammon, Quint. 

JEoLIDES, aB,m.<AioA.tfi779). A male descend- 
ant of ^olus, Ov. ; e. g, Ulysses, as the son of 
Sisyphus, who was a son of Molus, Virg. 

^OLIPlLA, IB, /. (^olu8,/or ventus, wind ; and 
pila, ball). An instrument used in aerostatic ezper- 
tments. Mo lop He, Vitr. 

jEOLIS, idia, /. (Ato\ts). L A province of Asia 
Minor {see JEolia, 1), Liv. II. A female de- 
scendant of MoluB, Haley one, Ov. ; Canace, Id. 

jEOLIUS, a, um (AidXtos). L Of or belong- 
ing to Molus, jEolian, JE. vlrgo, i. e. Arne, 
Ov. ; JE. proles, i. e. Athamas, Id. ; JE. aurum, the 
golden fieece, on which Phryzus and Helle, grand- 

children of Molus, were carried, V. Fl. II. Of 

or belonging to Molia or Molls, Molian, 
M. iuBulsB, Plin. {see JEolia, 2) ; J^. puella, i. e. Sap- 
pho of Lesbos, Hor. Hence, M. carmen, i. e. Sap- 
phic, Id. 

^OLUS, i, m. (AtoAos). Mdlus. 1. God of the 
winds, king of the Molian islands, Virg. 2. Son of 
Hellen, ancestor of the Molians, Serv. 

jEQUaBILIS, e. Conformable, consistent, 
uniform, equal. 1, Prop.: motua eb., Cic; se. 

habitua corporia, Id. j «b. partitio praediB, Id. ■ 

II. Fig.: atatua reip. bb., Cic. ; jua eb., Id.; tb. ora- 
tionia genua, Id. 

^QUaBILITAS, atis, /. (eequabilia). Con- 
formity, uniformity, equality, evenness. 

I. Prop. : EB. raotua, Cic. II. F^. : Jt. uoiver- 

SBB vitfiB, Cic; eb. juris, equality of law. Id. Of 
speech: ae. orationis, Cic. 

^QUaBILiTER, adv. Equally, in the 
same manner, ae. prssdam dispertire, Cic 

.iEQUJEVUS, a, um (Etjquua, (evum). Of the 
same age, as. amicus, Virg. 

jEQUaLIS, e (ffiquo). Equal (to another; but 
asquabilia, equal to one's self, consistent) ; usually 
with dot., subst. with gen. I. Prop. A) Gen. : par- 
tem pedis ease aequalem alteri parti, Cic. ; nymphae 
asquali corpore, of equal shape, Virg. — B) Uni- 
form, even, level, flat, k. loca, Sail. ; we. terra, 
Ov. Compar. : imber EBqualior, more regular, Liv. 

Superl. not in class, auth. 11. Fig. A) Gen.: 

paupertatem divitiis esse eequalem, to be equal in 
value, Cic; peccata ae., Id. — B) Esp. 1) Of time: 
Of the same age, coeval, contemporary, 
Deiotari benevolentia in populum Rora. est ipaius 
aequalia tetati, as old as he himself, grown up with 
him, Cic ; exercitua a), stipendiia suia, i e. grown 
up under arms, Liv. ; cui (Ennio) ajqualia fuit Liv- 
ius, contemporary, Cic. ; in raemoriam ee. incurro, 
the remembrance of contemporary occurrences, Cic. 
With gen, : via ae. dei, Id. ; sequalea sBvi, Pil. 2) 
Subst.: ^qualia. a) a) One of the same age, 
eenem adoleacens ita dilexi ut gequalem, Cic ; meua 
fere eb., Id. j3) Meton.: A companion in one's 
youth, a play -fe How, Plant. ; Ter. ; Virg, b) A 
contemporary, Philiatua ae. iiloi'um teniporum, 
Cic. ; maximos oratoree habuit aaquales, Id. 

.^QUaLITAS, atia,/. Equality, evenness. 
I. Prop.: SB. maria, smoothness. Sea.; ad*8B. redi- 

gere, Plin. II. Fig. A) Gen. .- ae. verhorum, 

Cic ; ae. fraterna, Id. ; omnes exuta aequalitate jua- 
sa principis aapectare, equality ofriglus, Tac. — B) 
Esp.: Equality of age, eb. veatra, Cic 

Ji;QUALiTER, adv. Equally, in the same 
manner, frumentum sb. distributum, Cic; collis 
ab Bummo eb. declivis, Cbbs. 

.^QUINSMiTAS, atis,/. L Favor, benevo- 
lence, kindness, bonitaa atque m., Ter. 11. 

Patience, calmness, {b. fit veacentibua lente 
JEgyptia, Plin. 

MOXJaTiO, onis, /. A making equal or 
even, equal distribution, equalizing, eb. 
bonorum, Cic ; eb. gratlEB et dignitatis, Id. ; ae. ju- 
ris, Liv. 

-S:Q.UE, adv. Equally, in the same man-- 
ner, just as. I. Prop.: trabes as. longaa, Cajs. 

11. Fig. A) Geji., usually with atque, ac, et, 

or absol. : honore et gloria non ae. omnea egent, 
Cic. ; 89. libenter, Id. ; tibi eb. noti ac mihi, Id. ; me 
colit BB. atque ilium, Id. ; Iffitamur amicorum laeti- 


tia ae. atque nostra, Id. ; ffi. ac eijiist as if, Id. ; nisi 
ffi. araicos et nosmetipsos diligamus, Id. ; eb. quarn, 
Liv. ; Tac. ; ae. ut, Plin. ; eeque . . . aeque, Id. ; Tac. ; 
ffl. cum alqo,Plaut.; Ter. B) Esp. : With equi- 
ty, mihi id se. factum arbitror, I'laut. Compar., 
Sail. ; Siiperl., Sid. 

jEQ,UI, orum, m. JEqui, an ancient warlike 
people of jLaly, dwelling in the upper valley of the 
Anio, and who, in conjunction wiik the Volsci, car- 
ried on constant hostilities against Rome, Liv. ; Cic. 

iEQUICULANI. See ^quiculus. 

^QUiCCLUS or -CQLUS, a, um (^qui). Of 
the JEqui, gens M., Virg. Sitbst., ^quiculus, i, 
m.. One of the Mq^ui, M. aeper, Ovid.; agei- 
^quicolorum, Liv. ; ex jEquiculis, Plin. , for 
whir.h, ^quiculaoi, Id. 

jEQUiCUS, a, urn. With the JEqui, JS^. bel- 
lum, Liv. 

jSIQUi-LaTUS, eris, adj. (sequus, latus). Equi- 
lateral, having equal sides, Aus. 

^QUI-LIBRIS, e (lequus, libra). Evenly bal- 
anced, in equipoise, Vitr. 

^QUi-LlBRtTAS, atis, /. (squilibris). The 
equal distrib iition of power s in nature, 

jEaUI-LlBRlUM, ii, a. (aquilibris). Perfect 
even n ess. I. Prop. ; Ho rizontal position, 
tevelness of surface, ligna Gubmersa ad eb. aqu^e, 

level. Sen. II. Meton.: Perfect equality, 


JEQ.VtMJE.LWU and ^QUIMkLIUM, ii. n. 
.Mqnimelitim, a void place in Pome, under the 
Capitol, where the. house of Sp. Meelins was razed to 
the ground (solo sequata), as a punishment for his 
turbulent ambition ; in Cicero's time it was nsed as a 
cattle-market. Cic. 

^QUINOCTIXLIS, e (sequus, nox). Of or be- 
longing 10 the equinox, equinoctial, aa. 
horffi, Plin. ; fe. circulua, the equator, Varr. 

^QUmOCTIUM, ii, n. (tequus, nox). The 
equinox, te. exspectare, Cic; auctumnale ee., 

^QUiPaRaBILIS, e. Comparable, worthy 
to be compared, diis a?., Plaut. ; Ee. cum alqo. Id. 

^QUi PaRO (also ffiquipero). 1 v. a. and n. 
(ffiquus). J. Art.: To compare; with fid or dat. : 
le. suas virtutes ad tuas, Phiut. ; a. multitudinem 

mari tranquillo, Liv. U.Neut.: To equalize 

one's self, to be equal, to come np to a person 
or thing ; hence, mostly with ace. : ut nemo sociorum 
me E8. posset, Liv. 

.EQUlPONDIUM, ii, n. (aaquus, pondus). A 
counterpoise, Vitr. 

^-QUiTAS, atis,/. Equality. \. Prop. : Sym- 
metry, proportion, uniformity, te. membro- 
rum, Suft. ; portionum tequitate turbata, Sen. 
II. Fig. A) Fairness of conduct to- 
ward others, equity, uprig htv ess, i m p a j-- 
tiality, difficile est servare tequitatem, quas ost 
justitia maxime propria, Cic. ; w. tollitui- omnis. si 
habere suum cuique non licet. Id. With a subj. 
clause: quam habet aequitot'^m, ut ngruin qui nul- 
lum habuit, habeat? B) «. nnitni (seld. a^quitaa 

alone). An even, passionless disposition of 
the mind, evcnnesa of temper, equanimity, 
reasiniableii ess, modernt ion, calmn ess of 
mind, novi motltTationi^m animi tui et wquitati'in, 
Cic. Absol.: quo in spectnculo mira populi Ro- 
mani eb. erat calmness, indiffei-ence, Cic. 

MQXiO, 1 V. a. and n. (lequus). I, Act. : To 
make equal. A) 1) Prop.: To make even, lev- 
el, or smooth; to even, level, or plane, iequa- 
re aream cylindro, Virg. ; Plin. ; sequata agri plaoi- 
ties. Cic; se. mensem, to place straight, Ov. ; w.. 
solo omnia (incendio), to level with the ground, Liv. 
2) Esp. a) Milit. 1. 1. : ffi. frontem, to make straight 
the front of an army, Liv, ; te, aciem, to make equal, 
or equally strong, Jd, b) Polii. 1. 1. : as- sortes, i. e, 
to see that the lots were equal, i, e. the ?}umber of af- 
firmative and negative alilte,C\c. B) Fig. 1) Gen.. 

2'o make equal, to egnal or equalize; toith 
cum or dat.: aequare dicta factis, Liv.; ae, nume- 
rum cum navibus, Virg. ; solo aequandae sunt dic- 
tatura?, to be entirely abolished, Liv.; per somnum 
vinumque dies noctibus ee.. Id. : — thus, as. noctilu- 
dum, to sit vp all night atplay, Virg, ; magnitudini 
alcjs animum, to keep on a level with, Liv, ; si pecu- 
nias aequari non placet, be equally shared, Cic; 
aequata vela, equally swelled, Virg. Absol. : jtquato 
omnium periculo, when all are exposed to the same 
danger, Cass.; thus, ajquato Marte, Liv. 2) Esp.: 
Of judging ; to make equal with words, t o com- 
pare, cum parva parte tequari, Cic. ; se. Han- 

nibali Philippum, Liv. 11, Neut.: To equal, 

to come np to by equalling, attain to ; with dot, 
and ace: qui (libri) jam illis (orationibus) fere 
aequarunt, Cic. ; vellera nebulas sequantia, as ti^i 
as clouds, Ov. ; sagitta aequans ventos, as swift as 
the winds, Virji, 

.£QUOR. oris, n. (eequus). Any flat or level 
surface, plain. I, Gen.: in camporum paten- 
tium iequoribus habitantes, Cic. ; thus, aequore 
campi exercere equos, Virg.; thus, tcithout campi, 
of a plain, field, ferro scindere le.. Id. ; and, agere 
alqm Eequore toto, Id. ; speculorum m.. the surface 
of mirrors, Lucr. ; ae. saxi, the smooth surface of 

marble. Id. ; ae. ventris, smoothness, Gell. 

II. Esp.: Mostly in poets, and in the plur.: The 
even, smooth, or mirror-like surface of the 
sea, quid tarn planum videtur quam mare ? ex quo 
etiam ae. illud poeta3 Tocant, Cic; heyice, the sea 
itself (also when rough, agitated), with and without^ 
maris, ponti, and the like: vastnm maris m. aran- 
dum, Virg. Ab.ioU: ae. Atlanticum, Hor. In the 
plur. : saiva quierant tp., Virg. In prose: et seqao- 
re et terra, Sail. ; placidum wquor, Tac. Of tha 
River Tiber, Virg. Meton.: raiagno feror tequore, 
of a great or copious subject, Ov. 

^EQUOReUS, a, um '(sequor). Of or belong- 
ing to the Sea, a?, rex, i.e. Niptiine, Ov.; a-quo- 
rei Britanni, encircled by the sea. Id. ; » genus, i. e. 
Jishes, Virg. ; le. Achilles, as the son of Thais, Luc. 

.EQUUS, a. um. Equal. I. Prop. A) Gen. u) 
Even, level, flat, plane, smooth, ». et pla- 
nus locus, Cic; in a3. locum se demittere, Cffis.; 
re^ones ffiquissimffi, very fiat. Id. ; sive loquitur ex 
interiore loco, sive Eequo, sive ex superiore, i. e. 
below, befoi^e the {higher silting) judges, or in the 
Senate, or else from the rostra (in the assi-nibltis), 
Cic. ; coiif. et ex superiore et ex aequo loco ser- 
mones habiti, i. e, in private affairs. Id. b) SiUjsl., 
a:!quum, .-/ plain, facilem in lequo campi victo- 
riam fore, in the open field, Liv,; in fe.quo nstare, 
in the plain. Tac ; in a^quum enifi, up the slope. Id. 

B) Equal, wth regard to anol/ter object, quum 

ajquam partem tu tibi sumpseris ac populo Ro- 
mano miseris? an equal part, one half Cic. 

II. Fig. : A) (The image is taken from afield of bat- 

tie that is level, and therefore favorable for military 
operations): Convenient, favorable, advan- 
tageous, locum 66 ssquum ad dimicandum de- 
diflse, CtfiS. Of time: judicium Eequiure tempo- 
re 'fieri oportere, more propinuua, Cic. Of other 
things: Favorable, kind, friendly, pro- 
pitious, rneia eequiseimis utuntur aunbus, Id.; 
thus, 03. oculis aspicit, Virg. Thus also of persons : 
placatos aequoaque ab alqo discedere, Q. Cic. 
Subst. : ut, me tdbi amicissimum esse, et eequi et 
iniqui intelligant, both friends and enemies, Cic. ; 
»quia iniquisque, Liv. B) {After I., B) a) JViik re- 
gard to another object: Equal (in nature, value, 
condition, &c.), proportionate, like, similar, 
83. conditio, a), certamen proponitur, Cic. ; aaquo 
Marte dimicare, pugnare, witlt equal success, Cffis. ; 
Liv. ; Eequo proBlio discedere, with equal advaruage, 
Id. ; so, fcequa manu discedere, Sail. Subst. : A n 
equal, peer, in squos fastidioeua, in inferiores 
crudelis, AucL Her. b) Ado.: ex tequo, in like 
manlier, with equal right, advantage, &c., Ov. ; Liv. ; 
Tac. ; in aequo esse, stare, to be like, Liv. ; Sen. ; in 
eequo ponere alqm alcui, to make equal, to compare, 
Liv. C) i) Of one^s behavior toward anotlter: mor- 
ally or lawfully equal ; i. e. Equitable, just, 
right, fair, of persons and (oflener) of things; 
absol. or with dat. : prseEor le. et sapiens, Cic. ; magis- 
tratus ifi., impartial, Cic. ; so, ffi. testimatoret judex, 
Id. Ofthings: Equitable, j ust, fair, proper, 
86. et honesta poslulatio, Cic. With an obj. clause : 
eequum esse illos cogitare, Id. ; sequum est, it is 
right, followed by ut, Plant. ; Ter. AbsoL, in the 
abl. after a armpar.: injuriaa gravius aiquo habere, 
Sail. ; thus, potus largius aequo, Hor. 2) T7i the 
neuter, subst., asquum, What is equitable or 
just, equity, right, in rebus iniquissimis quid 
potest esse a^qui? Cic. Very of ten, aaquum et bo- 
num, or tequum bonum, what is right and good, 
right and just, justice and equity, quum de tsquo 
et bono disputaretur, Cic; illi tequum bonum tra- 
diderunt, Id. Thus also the legal term sequius me- 
lius, according to greater equity ; and, aequi boni 
facere alqd, to be content wiiJi, to submit to; tran- 
quilliasimus animus raeus qui totum istuc ajqui boni 
facit, Id. D) Of the mind: Even, calm, com- 
posed, undisturbed, tranquil (usually only in 
connection with animus), concede, et quod animus 
8B. est et quia necesse eat, Cic. ; aequo animo et 
libenter parere, Id. 

aER, aeris (ace. usually aera), m. (a.-fjp). The air. 
1. The atmospheric air or atmosphere (opp. 
to BBther, the higher or thin air), Cic. In plur., 

Lucr, ; Vitr. II. Meton. poet. A) A cloud or 

viist wherewith any one clothes himself, Virg. 

B) The aerial, lofty height of a tree, top, 

MKAltiA, se,f. (aerariuH, sc. oflicina). A brass 
foundery, copper-works, Varr. ; Plin. 

.^RaRIUM, ii, w, (ffis). A treasury. l.Gen.: 
ffi. privatum (CEesaris), the privy purse, Nep. ; eb. 
commune, Id. II. Esp.: The public treas- 
ure of the Roman people kept in the temple of Sat- 
urn ; also, the Treasury, quum effudisset sera- 
rium, Cic. ; dare alcui pecuniamex iBrario, Id. A 
certain part of the gerarium, which could not be 
touched except in case of necessity, was called se. sanc- 
tiuB, Cic. ; Cses. ; Liv. In the ^rarium were also 
kept the public records and the standards ef the le- 
gions, archives, Cic. ; Tac. ; Liv. 


.^IRaRIUS, a, um (tes). I. Of or belonging 
to brass, bronze, or copper, as. structurai (or 
secturas), mines, Cies. ; as. tbrnnces, smelting fur- 
naces. Plin. ; ». metallum, a copper mine, Vitr, ; ro. 
faber, a copper-smith, Plin, ; also simply, airarius. Id. ; 

Mart. II. Esp. A) Of or beln nging to 

money, m. ratio, standard of cuiyiage, Cic; Quint.; 

tribunua aa., paymaster, Varr. B) Meton. suhst.: 

ffirarii, orum, m. (sc. elves), Citizens of the lowest 
class, who had to pay a poll-tax^ and were destitute of 
the jus suffragii (to be degraded to this class was a 
great disgrace) ; referre alqm in airarios, Cic. In 
the sing.: facere alqm te., Liv, 

jERXTUS. a. um(iBs). Covered or ornament- 
ed with copper or brass, aa. lecti, with brazeji 
legs, Cic. ; m. naves, Css. ; Hor, Poet, r m. acies, 
i. e. armed, Virg. ; as. catena, quite of brass, Prop. ; 
seratus murus, strong, impenetrable. Id. By a play 
upon words: tribuni non tam asrati quam aararii, 
not exactly covered with brass (i. e. possessed ofmonc?/^ 
rich), but jerariL See jEbarius, II., B. Sarcast., of 
a rich man, Cic. 

jKReUS (trisyW,), a,um(£88). I. Made of cop- 
per or brass, &roTize, &razc7i, as. comua, Virg. 
Subst., aereus, i, m. (sc. nuraus), A copper coin, 

Vitr.; aereum, i, n., Copper color, Plin. 

II. Covered or adorned with brass, m. clipe- 
ua, puppis, Virg. 

.iERiFER (trisyll.), Sra, Srum (ebs, fero). Carry- 
ing metallic, \. e. brazen cymbals, aa. manua 
comitum (Bacchi), Ov. 

.^RtPES, edis (ees, pes). I. Brazen-footed, 

m- cerva, Virg.; taurua. Ov. II. Melon, (as 

^aXicoTTou?) : Quick-footed, as. cervi, Aus. 

aERiUS (seldom aereus), a, um (ieptoy). I- A^ 
Of or belongi ng to the {atmospheric) air, aari- 
a I, animantiuna genera quatuor, quorum . . alteram 
pennigerum et «., living in the air, Cic. Poet. : a. 
domus, i. e. the space of heaven, Hor. ; a. mel (be- 
cause the bee was believed to produce its honey from 

falling dew), Virg. B) Meton.: Aerial, lofty, 

high, a. Alpes, Virg. 

^RO, onis, m. (aipto). A wicker dorser, bask- 
et, aerones arena pleni,_P]m. 

aERuPe, es. and aERGPI, eb. / ('AepoTnj). 
Aerope, the wife of Atreus, Ov. 

jERoSUS, a, um (ebs). Full of, abounding 
in brass or copper, eb. aurum, ferrum, contain- 
ing, mixed with much brass or copper, Plin. 

.^RtJCA, m,f. (lEs). A kind of verdigris, Vitr. 

.iERuGiNoSUS, a, um (aerugo). L Full of 
copper-rust, rusty, 83. manus, Sen. 

jERuGO, inis, /. (ebs ; cot?/ Fekrugo). I. Rust 
of copper, verdigris, aes Corinthium in aarugi- 

nem incidit, Cic. ; Plin. B) Meton. poet. : Rusty 

coin, Juv. II. Fig. A) Ill-will, envy, jeal- 
ousy, malice, Hor.; Mart. B) Avarice, Hor. 

.ffiRUMNA, ae,/. (contr.for a}grimoiiia,/rom aager). 
Hard or toilsome misery, hardship, mis- 
fortune, calamity, distress {stronger thaji the 
synonyms molestia, dolor, labor, moeror], mceror 
(est) aegritudo flebilis, a;rumna legritudo laboriosa, 

dolor tegritudo crucians, Cic. II. Defeat, 

overthrow, Amm, 

iERUMNABiLIS, e (aerumna). Miserable, ca- 
lamitous, L ucr. 

.^RUMNoSUS, a, um (aerumna). Full of 
trouble or misery, miserable, calamitous, 
miaeroB, affiictos, ffirumaosoB. calamitosos, Oic. ; 


con/, ferumnosisaima mulier Terentia, Id. Of 
tkivgs : ffl. aalum, Cic. poet. 

jERUSCO, are, v. n. (aes). To seek or heg 
one's bread by going about and exhibiting tricks, 
Sen, Esp., of mendicant philosophers, Sen. 

MS, iBrie, 71. I. Copper, brass, bronze, se. 
rude. Plin. ; instead of which, ee. Cyprium (from 
cuprum), Id. ; scoria gerie, slags of copper, Id. ; floa 
asris, copper flower. Id. ; squama seris, scale of copper, 

Cels. ; leges in eb. incidere, Cic, II. Melon. : 

Any thing made of brass,copper,or bronze. 
A) Gen. (mostly poel.) : Of a brazen tool, weapon, 
shield, trumpet, &c., sere ciere- viros, i, e. by means 
of the tuba, Virg, ; cymbals made of brass, Ov, ; 
an angle, Id. ; a shield, Virg. ; a foot-bath, Hor. ; 

a brazen statue. Id, In prose, Cic, B) Esp. 1) 

Money (because the most ancient coin was made 
of copper), 83. aire umfo ran eum, money borrowed 
of the bankers round thefontm, Cic; ass alienum, 
borrowed money, i^e. a debt. Id. ; in se, alienum in- 
cidere, to get into debt. Id, ; in Eere a. esse, to be in 
debt. Id. ; laborare ex sere alieno, Caes. ; virtus suo 
EBre censetur, by its own internal worth. Sen. ; thus, 
magister alicujus asris, of some merit, Gell. 2) Me- 
lon, a) For as, unity of the standard of coinage: ses 
grave, the old heavy coin (a pound, an as), Liv. ; seris 
millies, tricies, Cic. b) Pay, wages, hire, dare 
ffira militibus, the pay (commonly stipendium), Liv, 
Hence, jera for stipendia, military service, Cic, ; 
quod ad sea exit, turns to profit, Sen. ; multi acni 
aunt, quum ille in sere meo est, is in my pay, i, e. 
my friend, Cic. c) Particular, item of an ac- 
count, si sera singula probasti, Cic. 

jESXCUS or -ACOS, i, m. (AZo-okos)- ^Esadus, 
the sou of Priam, Ov. 

.ffiSAR, aris. m. (Aieropos), JEsar, a riverin Low- 
er Italy, near Orotona, now Esaro or Necete, Ov. 

iESlRfeUS, a, um. Of or bel oaig i ng to the. 
River JEsar, M. flumen, i, e. ^sar, Ov. 

.^SCHiNES, is, 7B. (Al(rxc»aj9). JEschines. 1. 
A disciple of Socrates, Cic, 2. A famous orator of 
Athens, rival to Demostheiies, Cic. 3. A physician 
of Athens. Plin. 

jESCHyLeUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
(the tragedian) ^schylus, ^schylian, .^.co- 
thurnus. Prop. 

.<ESCHyLUS, i, m. (AEtrxv'Ao?). JEschylus. 1. 
The first great Greek tragedian, Cic. ; Hor. 2, A 
rhetorician of Cnidos, a contemporary of Cicero, Cic. 

iESCOLAPlUS, ii. m. ('Aa-KK-rjirLos). JEscula- 
pius, the son of Apollo and Coronis, ike god of the 
medical science, Cic. ; Cels. 

an.d JRSCULJJS. See Esc. 

iESERNIA (ES), ffi, /. ^scrnia, a town of 
Samnium, also Vulturnus, now Isernia or Ser- 
g na, Cic. 

.ffiSERKiNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
the town .isernia, M. ager, Liv.; A surname of 
Marccltus, made prisoner there, Liv. As siibst. : 
^sernini, orum, tb., Inhabitants of isernia, 

.^SERNlNUS,!. JEserninus, a famous gladia- 
tor; hence, prov.: cum ^Esernino Pacidianus, i, e. 
one hero compared with another, Cic. 

.(ESIS, is, m. JEsis, a river in Umbria, now 
Esino or Fiumesino, Liv. 

.^SoN, onifl, rti. (Mcj-<ov). Ms on, the father of 
Jason, Ov. ' 



.^SONIDES, ee, m. (Ato-oftSrjO- Son or de- 
seen da nt of Ms on, e. g. Jason, Ov. 

jESONiUS, a, um (jEson). Msonian, M. 
heros, i. e. Jason, Ov. 

^SOPIDS or jESoPeUS, a, um(jEsopus). Uto- 
pian, M- fabula, Phaed. 

^SOPUS, i, m. (Ato-toTTos). Msopus, Msop. 

I, A Gre-eh writer of fables, a native of Phrygia^ 
Phaed. ; Quint 2. A tragic actor, friend of Cicero, 

.^STAS, atia, /. (allied to eefltus). I. The hot 
season, summer, iueunte restate, in the beginning 
of summer, Cic. ; anni eb., summer-time, GelL — 

II. Melon. A) A year, Virg.; the time of a cam- 

paig7i, VelL: Tac. B) The air or heat of 

summer, se. serena, Virg. C) Inpl.: Freckles, 

spots on the skin (caused by heal), Plin. 

^STiFER, era, erum (sestus, fero). i. Bring- 
ing heat, hot, ifi. ignes, Cic. ^11. Suffer- 
ing heat, hot, sultry, se. arva, Lucan. 

.iESTiMABlLIS, e (a'stimo). Estimable, val- 
uable, Cic. 

^STiMaTiO, onis,/. (aestimo). L A valuing, 
valuation, estimation. A) Prop.: poteataa 
omnis aestimationis habendae censori permittitur, 
Cic. ; EB. frumenti, of the price of the supply of com, 
Id. : ffi. pcentE, the voluntary fi^aition of a fine (with 
the Athenians). Id. ; EBstimationes possessionum et 
rerum, appraisement of the estates according to their 
former (higher) value, Caes. ; thus, priedia in »sti- 
mationem accipere, to receive at the higher raiua- 
tio7i, Cic, and facetiously, aestimationem accipere, 
to suffer loss, Id. ; sequa eb. facta, low-rated, Cais. — 
B) Meton. 1) Concr.: An estate valued, quan- 
do sestimationes tuaa vendere non potes, estaies re- 
ceived instead of ready money at too high a valua- 
tion, Cic. 2) The price, worth, value of a 

thing, Catull. II. Fig. gen: Any judgment 

of the value of an object, consideration, valua- 
tion, estimation, rule, standard, asstima- 
tionem arbitriumque ejus honoris penes senatum 
fuisse, Liv. ; non militis de imperatore ffistimatio, 
the right of judging. Id.; ffistimatione recta Seve- 
rn s, Tac. 

jESTiMaTOR, oris, m. One icho values any 
thing. I. Prop.: An appraiser, aestimator, ven- 
ditor frumenti, Cic II. Fig.: One who esti' 

mates or forms an opinion of any thing, a 
judge, jnatas rerum eb., Cic. 

jESTiMO (sestumo). 1 v. a. (aes, with the termina- 
tion -time ; conf. Auttjmo, Finitimus, MABirranjs, 
&c.). To appraise, rate, value, estimate (in 
respect of money). I. Prop.: 83. poBsessiones. Cic. ; 
m. prata magno. Id. ; *. Utem or lites, to deiermim 
the sum of money to be paid by the party convicted, to 
estimate the damages. Id. H. Fig.: To ap- 
praise, value, rate, estimate, judge of any 
thing by its intrinsic or real value, vulgus ex veri- 
tate pauca, ex opinione multa sestimant, Cic. ; ses. 
amicitias non ex re, sed ex commodo. Sail. In- 
stead of which wejind sometimes, butrarely, the abl: 
m. virtutem annis, by o?ic's years, Hor. ; eb. alqd 
raag;ni ; instead ofwhidi, also, x. alqd magno. With 
an obj. clause: me esse mortuum nihil ajstimo, / 
value as nothing, I don't care, Cic poet. JViih a 
rclat. clause : asstimabitis. qualis ilia pax aut doditio 
sit, Sall._ 

iESTlVA, orum. See JEstivus. 

iESTiVE, adv. Summer-like, as in sum- 


mer, m. viatious, as in summer, i. e. lightly^ sparing- 
ly, Plaut. 

iESTlVO, 1 v.n. (uestivus). To pass the sum- 
mer any where, reside any where during the 
summer (ppp. liiberno), ». greges, Varr. 

iESTlVUS, a, um (castas). I. Of stem mer, as 
in summer, summer-like, summer, testivos 
menses rei militari dare, Cic. ; as. locus, summer 
residence or seat, Id. ; ee, saltus, summer pasturage, 
Liv. ; ifi. aves, birds of summer, liiv. ; ae. animalia, 
vermin, Flin. ; m. castra, a summer camp. Sail. ; 8q. 

aurum, summer ornaments, Juv. H. Subst., 

aBStiva, onim, n. A) («c. castra) 1) A summer 
encampment, summer quarters (ppp. hiber- 
na), Cic. Ironically: bb. praetorls, pleasure-house. 
2) Melon, : The time spent in a summer camp, i. e. 
eampaign, nulla ex trinis aestLvis gratulatio, Cic. ; 
ajstivis coQfectis, after the campaign was ended. Id. 
— B) {sc. loca) 1) Places of pasture during 
the summer, summer pastures, Plin. 2) Melon.: 
A herd or flock in summer pastures, Virg. 

JESTOaRIUM, ii, 7t. (geatus). I. Low land, liable 
ta be overjlowed with sea-water, a salt marsh, an 
estuary, pedestria itinera concisa ssstuariis, Cebs. 

■ — —II. Meton. A) A morass, in sestuaria ac 
paludes, Cees, — B) T. t. in Mining: An air- 
hole, air -shaft, ibdere sestuaria, PHn. 

jESTOO, I V. n. (testus). I. A) To be in vio- 
lent or boisterous motion, ignis sestuat, blazes 
up, Ov. ; gurgea eb., rages, yeasts, rolls, foams ; thus, 
unda EB., Hor. ; tepefactus humor eb., boils, Virg. ; 
arbor ventis pulsa «., waves, Lucr. ; quasi gestuantis 
anims) iter, of the breath descending and ascending, 

Gell. B) Meton. 1) {of the effect of fire) : To be 

warm or hot, to burn or glow, exustusager ae., 
Virg,' 2) Esp. of mem, and animals: To feel heat, 
to be warm or hot, ille quura asstuaret, umbram 

aecutus est, Cic. II. Fig. A) To ferment with 

passion, to be in a violent passion, to be 
restless, disturbed, or excited, to glow, m. 
illi, qui dederant pecuniam, Cic. ; ae. invidid, Sail. ; 
60. in alqa re, to glow with love, Ov. — B) To tot- 
ter, waver, hesitate, fluctuate, aestuabat du- 
faitatione, Cic. ; sententia aestuat, Hor. 

^STOoSE, adv. With heat, furiously, ae. 
absorbere, Plaut. Compar. : ae. inarsit, more fiercely, 

jESTOoSUS, iU urn (eestus). Full of agita- 
tion or heat. I. Prop.: Fermenting, boil- 
ing, foaming, freta ae., Hor. II. Meton.: 

Glowing, biirning, very hot, ae. pulverulenta 
via, Cic. Superl. -■ aeBtuosisaimi dies, Plin. 

iESTUS, us [gen. seati, Pac.], m. (perhaps related 
to aXdia, Sanacr. us, to burn). A violent undu- 
latory or heaving motion. I. Prop. A) Gen.: 
fervet matu pelague, surf, Pac. ; exsultant eestu lati- 
ces (aheni), &«66Zfi, Virg. 2) Concr.: The waves, 
billows, surges of the sea, delphines aestura se- 

cabant, Virg. B) Esp. : The regular agitation of 

the sea with ebb and flow, tide, flux and re- 
flux, quid de marinis testibus dicam ? Cic. ; m. ex 
alto se ineitat, comes in,or makes, Cffis. ; ae. minuit, 
decreases, goes out, Id.; docessua iEstus, i. e. the be- 
ginning of the ebb, Id.; m. maxirae tumentea, 
spring-tides, Plin. ; as. inanes, low tides. Id.— -C) 
Meton. 1) a) Fire, glowing or scorching 
heat, furit aestus ad auras, Virg.; eb. medii, noon- 
day heat, Id. ; labore et ffistu languidus, Sail, b) 
JEsp,: Febrile heat, homines aegri quum ffistu 

febrique jactantur, Cic. ; eb. ulceris, fever canned by 
a Mound, Att. ap, Cic. 2) Concr.: The undula- 
tory flow, or stream, of atoms, Lucr. ; the mag- 
netic fluid. Id. ; Uie evaporation of the Avernus, Id. 
II. Fig. A) Whirlpool, vortex, commo- 
tion, ferment, te quasi eb. ingenii tui procul a 
terra abripuit, Cic; civilis belU. eb., Hor. — B) A 
restless wavering or agitation of the mind, restless- 
7tess, anxiety, quitibiEB.,(^UiBtenebr!eei'UDtl Cic. 

C) Passionate excitement, vehemence, 

ardor, glow, fury, ae. pectoris, flame, ardor of 
love, Ov. ; Eestu irarura fluctuare, Virg. 

iESTIfl (iEstii, ^atui), orum, m. ^styi, a 
people on the coast of the Baltic, in mod. Goiirland 
and Wilna, Tac. 

jEStJLA, m,f. JEsula, a small town ofthe^gui, 
now Poll, Hor. 

^StJLANUS, a, um (^aula). Of or belong- 
ing to Msula, Msulan, M. arx, Liv. 

MTA.&I, atis (gen. plur. aetatium, Liv.),/. (contr. 
from aevitas, from asvum). The time of a man's 
life, lifetime, duration of life, life, age, 
1. Prop.: breve enlm tcmpus eetatis satis longum 
est ad bene honesteque vivendum, Cic. ; Nestor 
tertiam jam aetatem hominum vivebat, Id. With 
an adjective or the like, of the stages or conditions of 
life, age, sua cuique parti aetatis tempeativil^s est 
data, Id. ; thus, getas adulta, media, provecta, sene- 
scens, ingraveacens, Id. ; ae. conaularis, lite forty- 
third year. Id. ; m. militaria. Sail. Sometimes the con- 
tact limits the sense to a definite age, without any 
particular attributive, esp. youth or advanced 
age ; thus, of youth, tua ae. incidit in id bellum, 
Cic; of old age, magnum atferret mihi ae. ipsa 
solatium, Id. ; Sophocle jam affecto tetate, Id. ; mor- 

bo atque SBtate confectus, Sail. II. Met07i. A) 

Of the duration of trees or other inanimate things : 
EB. arborum, Plin.; vinum aBtatem fert, keeps well; 
vinum accipit EBtatem, takes the flavor of old wine, 
Plin. — B) 1) Gen.: Period of time, time, age, 
philosophia jacuit usque ad Iianc astatem, Cic. 
Hence, 2) Concr.: The people of a particular ppriod, 
a generation, an age, quid nos dura refugimua 

setas? Hor. ; incuriosa auorum ae., Tac. C) In a 

still wider sense: Time (esp. of long duration), om- 
nia fert EBtaa, animum quoque, Virg. ; thus, eb, delefc 
alqd, Hor. ; ffitatem, adv., for a time, Ter. ; Lucr. | 
also, a very long time, an age, Plaut.; inaetate, 
sometimes, now and then, at tirues, Id. 

-ETaTOLA, eb,/. dim. (tetas). Juvenile, ten- 
der ag e,y out h, in primis puerorum iBtatulis, Cic. 

jETERNlTAS, atis,/ (aeternus). L Eternity, 
tempus est pars quaedam ajternitatis, Cic. ; quod 
ex omni EBtemitate varum fuerit, from all eternity. 
Id.: — instead of which also simply ex seternitate, 

from eternity. II. Meton, A) Everlasting 

duration, perpetuity, imperishab leiiess, 
immortality, mihi populus Eeternitatera immor- 
talitatemque donavit, Cic. Of things: cedri mate- 

riffl ieternitaa, Plin. B) A title of the emperors 

rogatUB per geternitatem tuam, Plin, Ep. 

jETERNO, are, v. a. (geternus). To eternal- 
ize, immortalize, perpetuate, eb. virtutes ali- 
cujus, Hor. 

^TEKNIJS, a, um (contr. from aaviternus, /rom 
EBVum). A) Eternal, everlasting, nihil, quod 
ortum sit, EBternum esse potest, Cic. ; a3. solHcitu- 
do, lasting, perpetual, Sail. ; eb. urbs, i. e. Rome, 
n^b. Compar. : nee est ligno ulli tetemior natura, 


Plin. — B) Adv. a) in sternum, to all eternity, forev- 
or, urbs in bb. condita, Liv. b) Eeternum, Etern- 
ally, incessantly, ever, eedet eeternuraque se- 
debit, Virg. ; as. latrana, Id. 

^THER, eris or eroa, m. (aie-qp). I. A) The 
upper, thi/rner air, ether (opp. aer, the atmospheric 

air), Cic. B) Jilt her, as a deity, the son of Chaos 

arid Night, or, according to others, Jupiter, Cic. 

II. Meton. A) Heaven, rex Eetheris altu? 

Juppiter, Virg. — B) Gen.: The air, gelidi sub 

Eetheris axe, Virg. C) The Upper World (in 

opposition to the lower regions), asthere in alto du- 
ros perferre laboree, Virg. 

jETHgREUS and ^THeRIUS, a, um (alOepws). 

I. Prop.: Of or belonging to the ether, ethe- 

rial, altissima aethereaque natura, Cic. II. 

Meton. A) Of or belonging to heaven, heav- 
enly, £6. arces, Ov, ; mens lEtherio vertice, reach- 
ing to heaven, Tib. B) Gen. : Of or belongi ng 

to the air, is. nubes, Lucr. ; aj. aqua, rain, Ov. 
C) Of or belonging to the Upper World, 
vesci aura a;theria, Virg. 

.(ETHIOPIA, as,/. (Ai^toma). .SSthiopia, Plin. 

^THiOPiCUS, a, um. Ethiopian, ^. ocea- 
nus, Plin, 

^THIOPS, opis, m. (AleLo4>). 1. An Ethiopi- 
an, Plin. Adj.: Ethiopian, jE. lacus, Ov. 

II. Mflon. A) AppelL: A negro, blackamoor, 

black (07;^. albus), Juv. ; Plin. R)Adj.: Heavy, 

stupid, cum hoc homine an cum stipite jEthiope, 
Auct. Or. in Sen. 

jETHoN, onis, m. (a'idiav, burning), ^thon, 
the name of a horse in the chariot of Pluebus, Ov. ; 
of Pallas, Virg. 

^THRA, m,f. (alepa), poet. for aither. I. Air, 

volane ales in Eethra, Virg. 11. The clear sky, 

ftj. siderea, Virg. 

MTHRA, x,f. (AWpa). ^thra. 1. Daughter 
of Oceanii^ and Tethys, mother of Hyas, Ov. 2. 
Daughter of Pitlheus, mother of Theseus, Ov. 

.^TNA, m [poet, also, jEtne, es, Ov.],/. (Aln/ij). 
1. Mount .Mtna, in Sicily, the fabled abode of Vul- 
can and the Cyclopes, now Monte Gibello, Cic. 2. 
A town at the foot of this mountain, Cic. 

jETNiETlS, a, um (^tna). I. Of or belong- 
ing to Mount Mtna, M. ignes, Cic; M. fratres, 
i. e. the Cyclopes, Virg. ; M. deus, i. e. Vulcan, Val. 
Fl. Subst., ^tnjfli, orum, m.. Dwellers near 

JEtna, Just U. Meton. poet.: Sicilian, M. 

tellus, Sicily, Ov. 

^TNENSIS, e (^tna, 2). Of or belonging 
to the toion Mtna, .iE. ager, Cic. Stibst., iEtneu- 
fles, ium, m.. Inhabitants of JEtna, Cic. 

-iEToLiA, ee./. (AirwAt'a). .^tolia, a province 
in the southwest of Northern Greece, Cic. 

^ToLtCUS, a, um (^tolia). JStolian, /E. 
bellurn. Liv. 

jEToLIS, idis, /. (Altw^iV). An .Italian 
woman, i. e. Deianira, Ov. 

^ToLIUS, a. um,poe(./(?riEtolicu3. JEtolian, 
JE.. horos, i. e. Diomedes, Ov. 

--EToLUS, a, um (AirtoXd?). JEtolian, M. 
arma, i. e. of Diomedes, Ov.; JE,. urba, i. e. Arpi in 
Apulia, built by Diomcdps, Virp. ; M. plngaa, i. e. 
hunting nets or toils (with allusion to Meleager and 
the Calydonian boar), Hor. Subst., jEtoli, orum, m.. 
Inhabitants of Mtolia, C\c.\ Liv. 

iEViTAS, iltia,/. (eevum). Stage of life, age, 
XII. Tab. ap. Cic, ; of old age, XII, Tab. ap. GoU. 


jEVITERNUS, d, um (fflvitas). Eternal, a. 
domue, Varr. 

^VUM, i, n. [a secondary form, sbvus, i, m., 
Plaut. ; Lucr.], mostly poet, for aetas (akin to Greek 
aibiv, alfbjv, Germ, ewig, Eng. ever). T/tetime 
of a man's life, lifetime, duration of life, 
life, age. I. Prop.: in cobIo cum dis agere »., 
Enn. ap. Cic. ; thus, securum agere bb., Hor. Of 
the several stages or ages of life : flos aevi, Ov. ; in- 
teger' ffivi, Virg. Of old age: sevo conl'ectus, ob- 
situs, Virg, Qf animals : ee. piscium, Plin. 
II. Meton. A) The whole duration or usual 
age of plants, age, eb. arborum, Plin.; arbor oc- 
culto ffivo, of unknozc9i growth, Hor. ; lupinus pati- 
tur aevum, keeps well, bears its age, Col. — B) 1) 
Gen. : Period of time, time, ingenia nostri 
ffivi, Veil.; ffivi ejua rex, Plin, 2) Concr,: The 
people of a particular period, generation, de 
quibus consensus asvi judicaverint,Plin. — C) In a 
still wider sense: Time (esp. of long duration), 
omnia vitiata dentibua sevi, Ov. ; omne in eevura, 
for all time, forever ; also simply, in aevum, Hor. ; 
conf. per eevum mansura monumenta, for centti- 
ries, for a long while, Ov. ; ae. donare, eternity, Luc. 

aFER, fra, frum. l.Adj.: African, for Afti- 
canus, A. sequora, the sea between Africa and Sicily, 
Ov. ; A. avis, i. e. a Jfumidian hen, Hor.; A. mu- 

reK,i.e. of GeEtulia, Id. 11. Subst., Afri, orum, 

m., Africans, Cic; Virg. In the-sing.: dirus 
A., i. e. Haniiibal, Hor. Poet. ; medius liquor ae- 
cernit Europen ab Afro, i. e.from Africa, Id. 

A F- Fa BE R, bra, brum. Skillful, ingenious, 
a. industria, Syram. 

AFFABiLIS. e (ad, fari). Easy to be spoken 
to, easy of access, courteous, affable, kind; 
with dat. : omnibua affabilis, Cic. ; Cyclops non 
dictu a. ulli, Virg. Compar., Sen. 

AFFaBiLITAS, atis,/. (affabilis). Courteous- 
ness, affability, kindness, conciliat animus 
hominum affabilitas sermonis, Cic. 

AFFABRE, adv. (affaber). In a workman- 
like manner, ingeniously, skillfully, (sig: 
nura dei) a. factum, Cic. 

AFFXTIBI (also separately, nd fatim), adv. (ad, fa- 
tim). Abundantly, sufficiently, enough, 
more than enough, iisdem seminibus hominea 
a. yescuntur, Cic. ; a. parare coziimeatum, Sail. 
With gen. (like satis and abunde) : a- armorum, 
copiarum, vini, Liv. ; Just. 

AFFaTUS, us, m. (affor). Address, quo a. 
audeat ambire furentem reginam ? Virg. 

AFFECTaTiO, onis,/. (atfecto). An eager 
desire (in good or bad sense), a striving after, 
zeal, rage. I. Gen.: philosophia sapientifB est a., 
Sen.; coeli a., exploration, Plin.; circa affectatio- 
nem Germanic® originie ambitiosi, in the mania of 

passing for natives of Germany, Tac. II. Rhet. 

t. t.: A choice^ affected expression, affec- 
tation, Q. et ambitiosa in loquendo JHctantia, 

AFFECTaTOR, oris, m. (affecto). One who 
has an eager desire for, or earnestly pur- 
sites, any thing, a. justi amoris, Eutr.; a. repni, 

AFFECTaTUS, a,-um (affecto). RJicr. t. t.: 
Far-fetched, affected, affeetata et parum nat- 
urnha, Qumt. 

AFFECTIO. 6nis, / (affectus). The state or 
condition of a ihin^ produced by cTternal rffectsi 


affection, nfFectio est animi aut corporis ex 
tuiiiiiorc aliqxia de causa commutatio, ut Itutitia, 
cupiditaa, metus, &c., Cic. I. Of body: firma a. 

corporis, Cic. II. Of mind. A) Qen. : virtus 

est a. animi constans conveniensque, condition, af 

feation, Cic. ; tkns, a, animi and animorum, Id. 

B) Esp. 1) a) A friendly disposition, inclin- 
ation, good-will, kindness, love, affec- 
tion, Tac. ; praecipua erga fetum a., Plin. In the 
plur. : inter Itetas a. aiidientium, Tac. b) Conor. : 
An obj act of love, attectioDes, beloved ones, i. e. 
children, Dig. 

AFFECTO, 1 v.freq. (nfficio) To strive after, 
aspire to, aim at a tking in order to obtain it; 
purs V. e. I. Prop. : a. navem dextrS., to lay hold 
of, Virg. ; a. viam Olympo, to strive to mount the 

skies, Id. II. Fig. A) Gen.: quam viam mu- 

nitet, quod iter aii'ectet, takes, Cic. ; a. similitudi- 
nem, Auct. Her. ; a. magniticentiam verborum, 
Quint. ; conf. a. elegantiam Grajcse orationis verbis 
Latinis, Gell. ; a. civitates formidinc, to attach, draw 
to one's self, Sail.; conf. a. Gallias, Veil.; and, a. 
Galliarum societatem, Tac. ; a. dominationes, Sail, ; 
B. regnum, t-iv, ; a. spem, to foster, entertain. Id,; 
a. ccelura, to aspire to, Ov, ; a. uniones, Plin. With 
an object, clause : qui esse docti attectaut, Quint 
In the pass, voice : attectari morbo, to be attacked 

with a disease, liiv. B) Esp. : To strive after aity 

thing in an affected manner; to affect, feign, a. 
crebrum anhelltum, Quint. ; a. imitationem anti- 
quitatis, Id. 

AFFECTUS, a, um. I. Part, of alficio. II. 

Adj. Being in a certain state by means of external 
causes, conditioned, circumstanced, con- 
stituted,, disposed, Sec. A) Prop. 
1) Gen.: oculus conturbatus non est probe a. ad 
fluum munus fungendum, m a proper state, Cic. 
With abl. : optima valetudine att'ectus, Cic. 2) Esp. 
a) Ill-conditioned, wea kened, afflicted, 
hara/^sed, enfeebled, weak, irifirm, suffer- 
ing, indisposed, L.CiBsarem, Neapoli afiectum 
graviter videram, Cic. ; affecBus valRtudine, Cajs. 
Of things : ista pars reip. male aft'ecta, in a bad 
state, Cic. : a. fides, a weakened, sunk credit, Tac. b) 
Of time: Near its end, almost finished^ 
spent, bellum a. videmus et, vere ut dicam, pa;ne 
confectum. Cic; a. jam prope ajstate. Id.— B) 
Fig.: omnibus me virtutibus affectum esse cupio. 
furnished, &ndiied, Cic; a. honore, Id,; animo af- 
fei'ti aiimus, disposed, inclined. Id. ; res a. alqo mo- 
do ad fllqd, connected with, related to, Id. 

AFFECTUS, us, m. (afficio). A state or con- 
dition produced by external causes. I. Of the 

body: alii corporis a., Cels. II. Of the mind. 

A) Gen. ; A condition or disposition of 

mind, mood, a. animi, Cic. B) Esp. 1) a) A 

passionate disposition, affection, emo- 
tion, love, passion {good or bad), desire, and 
the like, tacito a. liBtari, Ov. ; variis affectibus con- 
cisus atque laceratus, Quint, b) Concr.: An ob- 
ject of love; in the plur., beloved ones, Luc, 

AFFSRO, Htttili, allatum, afferre [in tmesi : ad 
jnbeatferri, Plaut.),w.a. To take, carry, bring, 
move to or toward, and the like. 1. Prop. A) 
Gen. : a. litteras ad alqm, Cic. ; instead of which, 
also, a. litteras alicui; a. acipenserem, to serve vp; 
a. pugionem alcui, to bring ; a. manus, to lay one's 
hand on in order to succor ; more often with a bad 
intentioTi, a. manus (alcui), to lay hands on (as an 

enemy, or for the purpose of killing one), to do any 
one violence ; conf. a. manus eibi, to Jay liands upon 
one's self. Plane, ap. Cic. ; thus also, a. manus bonis 
alienis, to lay iiands on, to touch ; a. manus suis 
vulDeribus, to reopen (see, also, II. A) ; a. se alqo, 
to go to any place, Plaut. ; Virg. Fassiv. poet., with 
an accmative of the end : banc urbem afferimur, 

are driven, come, Virg. B) Esp. of land : To 

bring forth, yie^rf, Varr. ; Col. ; Pall. ; audme- 
ton. : magnum proventum poetarum annua hie a^ 
tulit, Plin. Ep. — —II. Fig. A) Gen.: To bring 
to, quam existimationem, quam honestatem in ju- 
dicium attulit, Cic. ; a. animum vacuum ad scri- 
bendas res, Id. ; a. vim (alcui), to do one violence, 
lay hands upon one ; Uius also, a. vim vitaj aut cor- 
pori ; conf. a. manus bcneficio suo, to destroy again, 

to render wori/iUss, Sen. (see I. A). B) Esp. 1) To 

carry or bring any thing as intelligence, 
to bring word or news, to report, inform, 
give notice of announce, and the like, ca- 
lamitas tanta fuit, ut eam ad aures Luculli ex ser- 
mone rumor atl'erret, Cic. ; a. c-rebros rumores ad 
alqm, Cms.; a. satis bella, to bring pretty good news, 
Cic. ; mihi de Q. Hortensii mortc est allatum. Id. 

2) To bring forward, allege, adduce as an 
excuse, reason, Sec, banc, ut sibi ignoscerem, cau- 
sam atlerebat, quod, &c., Cic. ; a. alqd ad det'ensio- 
nem suam, Id. ; a. astatem, to allege for excuse. Id. 

3) To occasion, cause, effect, give, impart 
{esp. of the states of the mind), ipsa detractio moles- 
tiiJB consecutionem affert voluptatis, Cic. ; a. cladem, 
consolationem, delectation em, dolorem, egestatem, 
luctum, metum, voluptatem, &c., Id. ; atterre opin- 
ionem populo, to induce the people to believe. Id.; 
animum alcui a., to encourage any one. Id. 4) a. 
alqd, to contribute to a certain object in order to 
be vsefal, to he useful, help, assist, negat, di- 
uturnitatem temporis ad beate vivendum aliquid a., 
Cic. ; a. nihil ad communem fructum, Id. 

AF-FlCiO. afteci, affectum (adf.), (ad, facio) 3 v. 
a. To bring or put 07ie, by extejvial causes, into any 
state or disposition ; to dispose, influence, af- 
fect, m-ove. I. Gen.: ut animos eoruin ita affi- 
ciat, ut, &.C., Cic. ; literje tu* sic me affecerunt, ut, 
&<!., Id. ; avide sum affectus de fano, I have at heart, 
Id.^ Esp. with abl. : To influence with, give 
to, bestow on, impart to. furnish, provide 
or fill with; an d passive, afficivilqa re, to be given 
to, to be injliienced with, he acted upon, be affected by, 
Sec, prsmiia a. bene meritos de republica, to bestow 
a reward on, Cic. ; thus, a. alqm beneficio, to confer 
a benefit, kindness on. Id. ; a. alqm cruciatu, to tor- 
ment, Id. ; a. alqm poend, to punish, Id. ; a. alqm 
morte, cruce, to kill, to crucify. Id.; a. exsilio, to 
banish. Id. ; a. alqm sepulturd. to bury. Id. ; a. alqm 
nomine regis, to give the name of. Id.; a. alqm ho- 
nore, to honor. Id. ; a. populum servitute, to subdue, 
Liv. ;\eBW?i, to grieve, distress, Cic; a. injuria, 

I to injure, Ter. ; a. ignominia, to render an object of 
ignominy, Cic. ; a. macula, to stain with rejiroacA, 

\ cast a stain upon. Id. ; affici morbo, to fall sick, 
Cic; affici doloribus pedum, to have or be laid vp 

j with the gout. Id.; affici vulnere, to be wounded, 

; CaiS. ; corpora affecta !abe, seized, Liv. ; a. alqm 
IsBtitia, to deliglit, Cic. ; affici delectatiune, to be de- 
ligiited. Id.; thus, affici laude. Id. ; affici dolore, to 
grieve, be sorrowful, Cic; affici admiratione, to be 
admired, Id. ; afiici difficultate, to be iu difficulties, 

I Caes. IT. Esp.: To affect, attack {so as to 


iocaken), to joeaken, debilitate, ut sBStus, labor, 
lames, sitisque corpora afficerent, Liv. 

AFFlCTiO, onis,/. (affigo). Ati adding, join- 
ing to, a. veretri, Phasdr. 

AFFICTUS, a, urn, part, o/affingo. 

AF-FlGO, xi, xum, 3 [affixet for affixisset, Sil.] 
u. a. (ad, f]go). To affix, add to, fix or fasten 
to or upon; with ad or a dat. I. Prop.: Miner- 
va, cui pinnarum talaria affigunt, Cic. ; a. alqm cru- 
el, Liv. ; a, alqm cuspide ad terram. Id. ; a. radicem 
terrffi, to fasten in, put into, Virg, ; a. literam ad ca- 
put, to burn or impress as a brand npon one^s fore- 
head, Cic. 11. Fig.: To fix 071, impress, 

imprint on, a. alqd animo, to fix, impress on the 
mind, Quint. ; a. literaa pueris, to imprint, fix on 
their memory. Sen. 

AF-FINGO, finxi, fictum, 3 v. a. (ad, fingo). To 
form or frame in addition, to add by form- 
ing or framing, fashion besides. I. Prop.: nee 
ci manus affiiixit, Cic. : multa natura aut a. aut mu- 

tat. Id. 11. Fig.: To add, attach. A) Gen.: 

huic generi malorum non affingitur ilia opinio, Cic. ; 
tantum alteri affinxit, Id. — B) To add by devising 
or inventing, to devise, invent, feign in ad- 
dition, to attribute falsely, impute, as- 
cribe, ut InteHigatis, quid error atiinxerit, Cic. ; a. 
alicui crimen, Tac. ; a. literas, to feign, App. 

AF-FlNIS, e [abl. affine, Ter.J (ad, finis). Bor- 
der ijig up on, adjacent, contiguous. I. Prop.: 

gens a. Mauris, Liv. II. Trop.: Allied to or 

connected with any thing or person ; hence, 
A) Allied or related by marriage, {and as 
snbst.) a relation or relative by m arriage 
(opp. consanguioeus, cognatus, agnatus, related by 
blood), cognati et affines; Cic. ; a. C. Mario aifini 
nostro, Id. Poet. : affinia vincula, ties of relation- 
ship, Ov. B) Partaking, participating, 

associating in any {esp. bad) thing, accessory 
to guilt ; mostly with dat. or gen. : duos solos video 
a. ei turpitudini, Cic. ; thus, a. facinori, scelerl, cul- 
pae, Id. ; a. esse alc^s culpse. Id 

AFFlNITAS, atia, \gen.plur. affinitatium, Just] 
/. (affinis). l.Prop.: Vicinity, near neighbor- 
hood; close connection, Varr. II. Re- 
lationship by marriage, alliance, affin- 
ity {opp. to cognatio, consanguinity), viuculis et 
propinquitatis et affinitatia conjunctus. Cic. ; affini- 
tatem jungere cum alqo, Liv. B) Conor.: Per- 
sons so related, Plaut. III. Fig.: Affin- 
ity, connection, conformity, resemblance, 
a. literarum, Q,uint, 

AFFIRMaTE, ado. With assurance, af- 
firmatively, positively, a. promittere alqd, 

AFFIRMaTiO, onis,/. (offirmo). Assnrance, 
aj fir mat ion, positive assertion, est jusju- 
randum a. religiosa, Cic. 

AF-FIRMO, 1 V. a. (ad, firmo). To make any 
thing more firm or sure, to strengthen, es- 
tablish, confirm. I. Geji. : earea Trojanisspem 
affirmat, Liv. II. Esp. A) To give assur- 
ance (by word or deed) of truth or certainty, to 
confirm, corroborate, ratify, a. dicta pro- 
missaque alcja auctoritate-sua, Liv. — B) To af- 
firm, assert, declare positively, asseverate, 
dicendum est mihi, eed ita, nihil ut affirmem, maiii- 
tain, Cic. ; nihil aliud a. possum, Id. ; certum a. non 
auaim, to maintain as a certainty, Liv. ; instead of 
which, a. pro certo rem, Id. Absol. : aive usoris 


sunt, ut affirmat, sive ipsius, ut negat, Plin. Trtir 
pers. : ut affirmatur, Tac. 

AFFIXUS, a, um (affigo), part. Affixed, fas- 
tened, fixed, causa in animo sensuque meo peni-, 
tus a., Cic. Adj. ; Sitting close to, adhering, 
cleaving to, affixum esse alicui tamqnara magia- 
tro, Cic; Tarraconensis a. Pyrenaio, lying close to, 

AFFLATUS, us, m. (afflo). A blowing, 
breathing npon, afflation; breeze, breath, 
gale, blast. I. Prop.: a. Favonil, Plin.; a. ma^ 
ria, sea-air, Id. ; a. aprl, breathing, panting, Ov. ; 
Bceoti sine a. vocant coiles Tebas, without aspira- 
tion, Varr. ; leni a. simulacra refovente, access of 

light or brightness, Plin. IL Fig.: Afflation, 

of the divine spirit, inspiration, enthusiasm, 
nemo vir magnus sine aliquo a. divino umquatu 
fuit, Cic. 

AFFLeO, ere, ». 7<. (ad, fleo). To weep at or 
over a thing, Plaut 

AFFLICTaTIO, onis,/. (afflicto). Torment or 
anguish of body, affliction, a. (est) segritudo 
cum vexatione corporis, Cic. 

AFFLICTiO, onis, /. (attligo). Torment, or 
anguish of mind, grief, affliction, a. irri- 
ta, a tormenting, vexing. Sen. 

AFFLICTO, 1 V. intens. a. (affligo). To strike 
against vehemently, to toss or drive this 
way and that. I. Prop. : minuente sestu naves in 

vadis afflictantur, stick fast, Cass. IL A) Me- 

ton.: To injure, damage, r « i n, naves tempes- 

ta8a.,CKes. B) To afflict, torment, distress, 

harass, multo gravius vehementi usque afflictan- 
tur (of the effects of fever), Cic. C) a. se or afflic- 

tari alqa re, to grieve , be vexed, affiicted, distressed, 
disquieted, tu me accusas, quod me afflictem, Cic.; 
mulieres a. sese, Sail. 

AFFLICTOR, oris, m. (affligo). He who in- 
jures or destroys, a. et perditor dignitatis, auc- 
toritatis senatus, Cic. 

AFFLICTUS, a, um. I. Part, of alBigo. 

11. Adj. A) Battered, cast down, injured, dam- 
aged; miserable, ttnhappy, Grajcia suis consi- 
liis a., Cic. ; ab a. amicitia transfugere, Id. ; res a., a 
bad condition or situation. Sail. ; a. fides, a weakened, 

sunk credit, Tac. B) Fig., like abjectus. 1) Of 

mind: Cast down, afflicted, distressed, 
/grieved, dispirited, diffidentem rebus suiscon- 
hrmavit et afflictum erexit Cic. ; a. amicos excita- 
re, Id. 2) Of character: Base, depraved, aban- 
doned, homo a. et perditus, Cic. 

AF-FLlGO, xi, ctum, 3 [afflixint for afflixerint, 
Front]. To strike or dash against, to throw 
with violence, I. Prop. A) Gen.: ad Bcopulos 
afflicta navis, Cic. ; a. alqm ad terram. Plaut ; for 

which, a. alqm terrae, Ov. B) Esp.: To strike, 

dash, or throw down, overthrow, statuam is- 
tius deturbant affligunt comrainuunt Cic. ; a. in- 
firmas arbores pondere, Css. ; a. omnia Ionise late. 

que, to overturn or subvert, Id. II. A) Melon.: 

To injure, damage, ruin, by striking, tem-pes- 
taa naves Rbodias afliixit, Cks. , thus, naves afflicts, 
shattered, wrecked, Id. ; affligi morbo, to be affected 
with disease, Cic. ; vectigalia affliguntur, are im- 
paired, lessened, Id. B) Fig.: To throw to thi 

ground, to weaken, debilitate, enfeeble, 
oppress, Sec. animos a. et debilitare metu, Cic; 
non vitium uosti'um, sed virtus nostra nos afflixit, 
has ruined, Id. ; odio imiverei popuii psene afflictua 


est. oppressed, ovenrhdmed. Id. ; mtignis clamoribns 
afllictua couticuit, discouraged, embarrassed, Id. ; a. 
alqm senteutiie ( judicum), to ruvri by coitdemnalion, 
Id.; vituperoiido rursus a., to degrade, vilify, Id.; 
a. causam susceptam, to desert, give up, ]d. ; Pom- 
peius ipse se afflixit, was ike caiise of his own ruin. Id. 

AF-FLO, 1 V. a. and n. I. Act. A) To breathe 
or blow upon a person or thing (with air, vapor, 
&c.). 1) Prop. : terga tantum afflante vento, Liv. ; 
afflatus aura, exposed to a draught of air. Suet ; af- 
flari taurorum ore, to be bloion upon, Ov. ; afflari ei- 
ders, to be attacked by catalepsy, to suffer from airia- 
sis (see Sidkbob), Plin. 2) Fig.: To breathe 
into, inspire, afflnta numine dei, iTispired, Virg. 

B) To blow, breathe, exhale any thing 

upon or toward any person or thing. 1) Prop. : 
a. calidum vaporem membris, Lucr. ; suavitas odo- 
rum, qui afflttntur e floribus, Cic. Poet. : a. crinem 
cervicibus, to blow round the neck, Ov. ; a. laitos 
honores oculis, to breathe beauty on, i.e. to impart it 
to, Virg. 2) To bring, carry to, sperat aibi au- 

ram posse aliquatn afflari voluntatis, Cic. 

II. Neutr.: To come breathing to or toward. 
A) Prop.: afflabunt tibi odoree, Prop. — B) To 
breathe on, to be favorable, afflante fortuna, 
Q,uint. ; amor a. alcui, Tib. 

AFFLtJENS, entis. I. Part, of affluo. 

II. Adj. A) Like abundana, Abounding, rich; 
with abl, : pauci opibus et copils affluentes, Cic. 
Compar. : a. videtur esse vera aniieitia, Cic. Su- 

perl. : a. largitor, August. B) Existing in 

abundance, abundant, copious, plentiful, 
profuse, numerous, a. copiae omnium rerum, 
Cic. Compar. : a. aquEB, Vitr. Supenrl. : a. humor, 
Sol. Adv.: ex affluenti, abundantly, Tac. 

AFFLCENTER, adv. (affluena). Abundantly, 
copiously, a. vinum immissum, App. Compar. : 
a. undique haurire voluptates, Cic. 

AFFLOENltA, m, f. (affluena). Affluence. 
I. Prop.: A flowing to, flow, Plin. II. Me- 
lon.: Abundance, affluence, plenty, copi- 
ousness, superfluity, omnium rerum affluen- 
tia, Cic. ; affluentiam afFectare, superjlttity, Nep. 

AF-FLtJO, xi, xum, 3 w. TO. To flow or stream 
to, toward, or near. 1. A) Prop.: amnis a. ens- 
trie, Liv. ; Rhenus ad Gallicam ripam latior afflu- 
ena, Tac. Of atoms, Cic. — Poet. : homo veatitu 
affluena, toitk a Jlowing garment, Phajdr. — B) Me- 
ton. 1) To hasten or run on or near, to ap- 
proack in great haste, assemble in crowds. 
Humerus comitum a., Virg. ; copiaa a., Liv, 2) To 
flow or come in streams, to fall to one's 
share in abundance, quum domi otium et di- 
vitiai a., Sail. ; opes a., Liv. 3) a. alqa re, To 
flow over with any thing, to aboiind in, or 
have great abundance of any thing, unguen- 

tia affluens, Cic. II. Tig.: nihil a te ne ru- 

moris quidem affluxit, Cic. ; amor a. incautis, creeps 
or steals upon, Ov. ; affluentes axini,fiowi7ig on, in- 
creasing, ilor. 

AF-FODIO, ere, v. a. To add by digging, 
to dig in addition, a. ceapitem nostro solo, 

AF-FOR^ atug, 1 (1 Pers. pros, affor does not oc- 
cur) V. dep. a. To address or accost, licet mihi 
versibus iiadem a. te, quibus affatur Flamininum, 
Cic. ; a. mortuum. to bid kim farewell, Virg. ; a. deos, 
to pray to. Id. ; Ov. In the pass, voice : templa 
affantur, are designed for auguries, Varr. 


AFFORE. See Assum. 

AF-FORMlDO, are, v. n. To be sore afraid, 

AF-FRANGO, fregi, fractum, 3 v. a. To strike 
against, to break against, a. unguea postibUB, 

AF-FRICO, ui, atura, or ctum, 1 v. a. To rub 

against. I. Prop.: a. se herbee, Plin. II. 

Ffg.: To impart by rubbing, malignus quam- 
via candido rubiginem suam anricuit has rubbed 
his rust against, i. e. has imparted his fault to him, 

AF-FULGEO, ai, 2 «. n. To shine, sparkle, 
glitter, to appear bright iipon or with any 
thing. I. Prop.: Of stars, Ov. ; coeli ardentea spe- 
cies a., Liv. 11. Fig.: To shine, to appear, 

to show itself by shining (of any thing agree- 
able), defenaurum se urbem orima apes atfulsit 
Liv. ; mihi tbrtuna a., has smiled upon me. Id. 

AF-FUNDO, Qdi, usum, 3 v. a. To pour to, 
upon, or into. I. Prop.: a. Rhenum Oceano, to 
pour into, Tac. ; afFusa eis aqua calida, Plin. ; am- 
nis affusua oppidis, flowing by, Plin. Instead of 
which, colonia amni affusa, washed by, i. e. situate 

near, Id. II. Meton. A) 7'o add or join in 

haste, to distribute among, equitum tria milUa 
cornibus afiunderentur, Tac. ; a. alcui vim vitalem, 
to communicate to, Id. — B) In a middle sense: af- 
fundi, To stretch or throw on€s self uponthe 
ground, Ov. 

AFORE and AFOREM, same as abfore and ab- 

AFRaNIaNUS. a, um. Of or belonging to 
Afranius, Afranian, A. legio, Auct. B. H. 
5i/6s/., "Afraniani, orura, m., Soldiers of Afra- 
nius, CfBS. 

AFRaNIUS, a. I. Afranius, a Roman family 
name. Thus, 1. L. Afranius, a comic poet, a con- 
temporary of Terence, Cic. ; Hor. 2. Another L. 
Afranius, Pompey's lieutenant in Spain, Cajs. ; Cic. 

U. Adj. : Afranian, A. fabula, ofthepoet A., 


AFRI, orum. Africans. See Afer. 

AFRICA, fB,/. Africa. I. In the more extended 
sense, one of the quarters of the world, Mel. ; Plin. ; 

Sail. II. In a more confined sense, the Roman 

province of Africa (the Carthaginian territory), Mel. ; 

AFRICaNUS, a, um. L Of or belonging to 
Africa, African, A. gallina, « kind of gvinea- 
hen, Varr. ; A. beatia', lions, panthers (in the fights 
of wild beasts). Id. Hence, simply, Africanae, arum, 
/., CcbI. ap. Cic. ; Liv. ; A. poesessiones, in Africa, 
Nep. ; A. bellum (between Ccesar and Pompey's par- 
tisans) in Africa, Hirt ; Cic. Hence, also, A. causa, 
African disputes ; and, A. rumores, of the African 

war, Cic. 11. Subsi. A) Africanu's, i, m., Afri- 

canus, a surname oftlie two Scipios as the conquer- 
ors of Carthage, Cic— B) AfricanaB, arum,/, (sc. 
bestiee). See above. 

AFRiCUS, a, urn (more rare than Africanus). I. 

African, A. terra, Africa, Enn. II. Esp. A) 

A. ventus, west-soutktoest wind\between the Favoniua 
and Auster, now Africa, Cic. ; often, also, called 
simply AfricuB, Virg. ; Hor. ; Sen. ; hence, poet. : A. 
procellae. Hor.; and Africus, as the god of winds. 
Prop. — B) Vicus Africus, a street on the Esquiline 
Hill (called so from a Carthaginian prison that was 
there), Varr. 



XGXMfiDEfe, an, m. ('Ayaju.ijSTjs). A^amedes, a 
brother of Trophonius ; the two brothers built the tem- 
ple "/Apollo at Delphi, Cic. Tuec. 

AGaMEMNO and -ON, 5nig, m. ('Ayafxtfs-vwv). 
A g amemnon, a king of Mijcevai, son of Air ens 
and Aerope. brother of Mtnclaus. husband of Cly- 
temnestra, father of Orestes, of Ipkigeiiia and Elec- 
tra, commander-in-chief of the Greeks at Troy, Cic. ; 

XGIMEMNGNIDES, eb, m. C^y<^t^fH-yovCSr]<;). 
Son or descendant of Agamemnon, e. g. 
Orr^lcs. Juv. 

AGiMEMNONiUS, a, um CA.yafi€fiv6vio^). Of 
or belonging to Agamemnon, A. Orestes, 
Virg. ; A. puella, i. e. Iphigevia, Prop. ; A. Mycenae, 
where Agamemnon reigyied, Virg. ; A. phalanges, led 
bij Agnmemvon, Id. 

XGaNIPPE, es, /.,('A7ai't7nrT)). Aganippe, a 
fountain of Ba^tia, on Mount Helicon, sacred to the 
Muses, Plin. -^Ov. ; Virg. 

aGXNIPPeUS. a. um ('Ayai^iVn-etoy)- Of or be- 
longing to the fountain Aganippe, A. iinda, 
Clnud. ; A. lyra. Prop. 

aGXNIPPIS, idis, /. Sacred to the Muses, 
A. Hippocrene, Ov. 

XGaRiCON, i, 71. {ayapiKov). Agaric, a kind 
offnngus Or mushroom growing on trees, Plin. 

aGaSO, onis, m. I. A driver of beasts of bur- 
den, esp. horses ; a groom, hostler, Liv.; Curt.; 
of an ass-drivcr, App. II. Meton. Gen. : An in- 
ferior servant, foot-boy, lackey, Hor.; Pers. 

XGaTHOCLES, is, m. (KyadoK\^<;), Agatho- 
cles. \. A king of Sicily, son of a potter, Cic; 
Just. 2. A Greek historian, Cic. 

aGaTHOCLeUS, a, um ('AyaeoKActoO- ' Of or 
belon ging to King Agathocles, A. D'opfea, Sil. 

XGXTHYRNA, Ee, /. Agathyrna, a town on 
the nort/iern coast of Sicily, Liv. 

XGaTHYRSI, drum, m. (^AydOvptroC). Aga- 
thyrsi, a people of Scythia in the European Sarma- 
tia {now Transylvania and Temeswar), Plin. ; 
Virg. _ 

XGaVE, r.=, f CAyauT]). Agave. 1, A daugh- 
ter of Cadmus and Hannonia, mother of Pentheus, 
whom she tore to pieces in a ft of madness, Ov. ; 
Hor. 2. A drama named after her, Juv. 

XGE and (in the plnr.) AGITE, intei^j. (ago). 
Come mi! come on, thenl go on', well! (as 
an exclamation of encovragement ; in transitzons)^ 
age nunc refer animum, &c., Cic. ; age nunc con- 
sideremus, Id. ; age jam concede non esse miseros, 
well then, well. Id. ; age si paruerit,,we?/, agreed. In 
the plur. : agite, juvenee, euccedite, Virg. Strength- 
ened by sis (i. e. si vis) and dum. Thiis, in the 
plur. : agitedum ite mecuni, Liv. 

XGeA, as,/. A gangway in a ship, Enn. 

XGeLASTUS, i, 7n (ayeAaoTO?, he who does not 
laugh). A surname of M. Crassus, grandfather of 
the triumvir, Plin. ; Cic. 

XGELLtSLUS, J, m. dim. A small field, 
small p. St ale, Catull. 

XGELLUS. i, m. dim. (ager). A small field, 
small estate, Cic; Hor. 

XGkMA, atis, 71. {a.yyjfj.a). A certain division of 
an army with the Macedonians, auswtrring to a Ro- 
man les'ion. Liv. ; Curt. 

XGKNDiCUM, i, n. Agendicnvi, a town of 
Gallia Lugdunensis, now Sens, Ctes. 

XGkNOR, 6ris, m. Agenor, a king of Pkoini- 


cia, father of Cadmus and Evropa, Ov, Poet.- 
Agenoris urbs, 1. e. Carthage (built by the Pkceni. 
dan Dido), Virg. 

aGeNOREUS or -lUS, a, um. Of or belong- 
ing to Agenor, A. bos, i. e. Jupiter (who, in'tJie 
shape of a bull, carried off Europa, daughter of Age- 
nor). Ov. Gen. : for Phamician, A. ahena, SU.; 
for Carthaginian, Id. 

XGeNORIDES, ai, m. A male descendant 
of Agenor, an Age7ioride, e. g. Cadmus, Ov. ; 
or Perseus (whose gra7idfather Danaus was a rela- 
tive of Agenor), Ov. 

IGENS, entis. I. Part, of ago. IL A) Adj. 

1) Efficacious, powerful, vigorous, lively 
(of speeches and speakers), utendum est imaginibus 
agentibus. Cic. 2) Gramm. : agentia verba, for 

activa, Gell. B) Subst.: One who pleads or 

speaks in a court of justice, a speaker, conn- 
i sel, attorneij, Quint. 

XGER, agri, m. I. A piece of arable or meadmo 
j land; Afield, land, or ground. 1) Prop.: a. 
I quamvis fertilis sine cultura fructuosus esse noD 
potest, Cic. ; a. novalis, fallow ground or field, fal- 
low, Varr. (opp. a. restibilis, a field cultivated every 

year. Id ). ~II. Meton. A) In a more extended 

se?ise, the whole compass of land belonging to a com- 
munity, that is capable of culture. Territory (opp. 
terra, a land containing several such agri), ut melior 
sit a. Hiipinus (totum enim possidet) quam meufl 
fundus Arpinas, &c., Cic; Rhenus agruni Helve- , 

tium a Germanis dividit, Cses. B) In ike plur.: 

The country, as opposed to town, non solum ex 
urbe, sed etiam ex agris, Cic. 

XGeSiLAU6, i. m. CAyijo-tAao?). Agesilaus, 
a king of Sparta, a celebrated ge7ieral, Cic. ; Nep. 

AGES IP /or age sis. See Ago. 

AG-GeMO (adg.), ere, v. n. To sigh or la- 
ment at. or to ; with dot. or absoL. Ov. 

AGGER, eris, m. (aggero : ayiy thing carried or 
brought together, in order to make an chvation). 
Rubbish (a heap of eartlt, sand, stone, &c.). I. 
Prop. : unde agger oranino comportari posset, nihil 
erat reliquum, Ca3S. ; multo aggere vestire trsbea, 

to cover over. Id. IL Any elevation formed by 

heapingup, dam, dike, mole, rampart, mound. 
A) Gen.: a. terreus, mud-wall, Varr.; a. viae, (Ae 
raised part of a road, high-road or causeway, Virg.; 
Tac ; instead of which, a/so, simply agger, Stat.; 
Amni, ; a. armorum, a heap of ar?ns, Tac. Poet: 
a sepulchral mownrf, Val. Fl. ; wood-pile, a funeral 
pile, Ov. ; a hejip of dead bodies, Val. Fl. ; a. niveus, 
fl mass of snow, Virg. ; a. Alpini, the Alps ; a. pelagi, 

a high wave or billow, Luc. B) 1) a) Esp. Milit. 

t. t.: Wall, rampart, bulwark, defence, op- 
pidum cini^ere vallo et fossa, antrere maximo, Cic; 
aggerem jacere, to throw up, Qws. ; a. promnvere 
ad urbem, to advance, Liv. b) agger Tarquinii, ike 
wall erected by Targntnius Superb'us on the easterjt 
side of Rmne, in order to protect the city, Plin. 2) 
Fig.: Wall, rampart, e^^et vel receptaculum 
pulso Antonio vel a. oppugnandee Italia.' Grajcia, 

AGGtRSTIO, onis. /. (asgero). A damming 
up; a mound, dam, Vitr. ; Just 

AG-GfiRO, gessi, gestuni, 3 v. a. (ad, gero). To 
carry, convey, take, bring to err toward- T. 
Prop. : K. luta et liraum, Cic ; a. tellurem tumulo, 

to heap vp /or, Virg. IL Fig.: To bring 

forward, to lay to one's charge, a. probro, Tac. 

AGG£RO, 1 V. a. (agger). To heap up, pile 
up, accumulate. I. A) Prop.: a. cadavera in 
atabulis, Virg. ; a. ossa, Tac. ; a. quadrantes patri- 

monio, to heap upon, to add, Phaidr. B) Melon. : a. 

arborem, to heap up earth about a tre<; Col. U. 

Fig.: To heap up, i. e. to increase or aug- 
ment, a, iras, Virg. 

AGOESTUS, a, ViXQ,part. o/aggero. 
AGGESTUS, US, m. (aggero). A carrying to 
or toward, a procuring, collecting, a. lig- 
norum, Tfic. \ a, areriHB, heaping up, A. Vict. 

AG-GL5M^.R0, 1 v. a. {to gather into a clew). 
To add, join to, a. latera, associate together, Val. 
Fl. ; H. St! ]ateri, Virg. 

AG-GLuTlNO, Iv.a. To glue on or agglu- 
tinate. I. Prop.: tu illud (prooeraium) desecabis, 
hoc agglutinabis, Cic. ; a, aurum, to solder, Plin. 

li Meton. : a. se (Jocosely), to fasten one's 

self upon nvy one, Plaut. 

AG GRXVESCO, ere, v. inchoat. n. To grow 
heavy, grievo us, or critical, morbus a., Pac. ; 

AG-GRXVO, 1 V. a. To make heavier. I. 

Prop.: To increase, a. popdus, Plin. If. 

Fig. : To render heavier or more oppres- 
sive, aggravate, make more inconvenient 

or dangerous, bello aggravatae res, Liv. B) 

Meton.: T'o molest, incommode, importune, 
odor a. caput, Plin. ; arj^umenta. quas per se nihil 
ream a. videantur, Quint, Absol. .- morbus a., 
Suet. : sine ope hostis, quaj a., without tke co-opera- 
tion of tke enemy, which made tlie situation worse, 

AG-GReDIOR, gressus [inf. aggrediri and ag- 
gredirier, /or agfiredi, Plaut.; aggrettus/oraggres- 
sus, Enn.], 3 v. dep. a. and n. (ad, gradior). To go 
near, approach a person or thing. 1. Prop. A) 
Gen. : non repelletur inde, quo a, cupiet, Cic. ; a, 
nd alqm, Plaut. B) Esp. 1) To go to, or ap- 
proach, any one for any purpose (for addressing, 
reg/iesting, consulting, &c.), to approach one, op- 
ply, ad dress one^s self to, to address, ac- 
cost, request, quern ego Romas aggrediai-, Cic; I 
a. legatos Rliura ab alio diversos, Sail. : a. alqra pe' 
cunia, to bribe. Id. In a passive sense : facithinis 
quibusque aggreseis, Just. 9) To fall upon, at- 
tack, assault, a5«azZ, quis audeat bene comita- 
tum a.? Cic. ; a. alqm vi, Sail. lit a passive sense: 
ut agyrederer dolis, Cic. II. Fig.: To pro- 
ceed or pass to any thing, to apply one' s self 
to, go about, 2^'>'6P^^^ for, undertake, be- 
gin ; with ad or an ace, seldom with inf.: sic ag- 
gredior ad hanc disputationem, quasi, &.C., Cic. ; a. 
ad injuriam faciendam. Id. ; a. aliam rem, Sail. 
With inf. : de quibus dicere aggrediar, Cic. ; a. avel- 
lere alqd, Virg. Absol., Cic. 

AGGRfeGO, 1 v. a. [(ad, grex), to lead to a flock, 
aecnrdiitg to Fest.]. I. Meton.: To collect into 
a body, unite, add, join to, associate with. 
Prop.: si eodem ceteros naufragos aggregaverit, 
Cic. ; a. alqm in nuraerum alcjs, to add to the num- 
ber of, reckon among, Id. ; a. fiUum ad patria interi- 
tum, to add to, involve in. Id. ; a. se signis, to join. 

Cms. II. Fig.: To unite, attach, a. se ad 

nmicitiam alcjs. Caes. 
AGGRESSiO (adg.), onis, /. (aggi'edior). I. 

Prop.: An attack, assault, App, II. Fig. 

t.t. A) Tfi e first part of an oration or discourse, 
introduction, exordium, Cic. B) A rca- 


Boning, course of argument, Gr.e7rtx«pT?M.a,, 

AGGRESSUS, a, tiin,part. o/aggredior, 
AG-G0BERNO, are, v. a. To guide, direct, 
a. iter pedibus, Flor. 

aGILIS, e, (ago). Movable. I. Prop.: Easi- 
ly movable, agilis classis, Liv.; a. pollex, Ov. 
Compar. : aer agilior et tenuior, Sen. II. Me- 
lon.: in a middle signification: Moving with 
ease, quick, active, brisk, nimble, agile. A) 
Gen. 1) a. dca, swift-footed {Diana), Ov. ; a. Cylle- 
nius, swift-flying {Mercury), Id. 2) Fig. : a, facil- 
isque victoria, Sis. ap. Non. Compar.: argnmenta- 

tio agilior, Quint. E) Esp.: Of activity: Active, 

alert, industrious, Hov.; Sen. 

IGILiTAS, atis, /. (agilis). Movableneas, 
quicknes s, Jiimblen ess, activity, ag ility. 
L Prop.: a. navium, Liv.; cursus tt a. nicje, quick 

motion. Quint. 11. Fig. : a., ut ita dicam, luol- 

litiaque naturte, excitability, Cic. 

A(tIS, idis {ace. Agin), m. ('Ayts)- Agis, the name 
of several kings of Sparta, Cic; Nep. 

IGiTaBiLIS, e (agito). Light, movable, a. 
aer, Ov. 

aGiTaTIO, ouis,/. (agito). QuicA and strong 
motion, raj^id movement, agiiatio n. I. 
Prop. ; a. et motus lingute, Cic. In the plur. : a, 

fluctuum, Id. -11. Fig.: An eager motion, 

activity, animus numquam agitatioue esse vacuus 
potest, Cic. 2) Exercise, practice, a. studio- 
rum, zealous prosecution, Cic ; a. virtutum, Sen. 

XGITaTOR, oris, m. (agito). One who sets 
animals in motion, a driver. I. Geit.: a, equo- 
rum, a charioteer, Virg. ; a. aselli, au ass-driver, Id. 

^11. Esp. : A charioteer in the public races, a 

racer, Cic. 

XGiTlTUS, a, um. 1. Part, of agito. ^TI. 

Adj.: Excited, lively, impassioned, full of 
effect, actio paulo agitatior, Quint. 

XGiTaTU^, us, VI. (agito).. Motion, move- 
ment, agitation, Varr. 

JLGiTO, 1 V. int. a. and n. (ago). To put in 
great motion or agitation, to move great- 
ly, to toss, to drive, chase. I. prop.: aquila 
alias aves agitans, Cic ; a. columbas. Ov. ; numina 
TrojiB agitata (ventie), driven or tossed about on tke 

sea, Virg. ; a. corpora hue illuc, Sail. It Fig. 

A) To set a person or thing in quick or violent 
motion, to drive, stir up, stimulate, irri- 
tate, agitate, disquiet, attack, provoke; to 
jeer, ridicule, &c., a. plebem, to excite, Liv.; 
ut eos agitent funaj, Cic. ; res agitata}, uproar, tu- 
mult ; agitat rem militarem, legationem, attacks, 
finds fault with, ridicules, Cic. ; a. alqm verbis, Hor. 
- — B) To carry on any thing with energy, to 
drive, urge, prosecute, promote, and the like. 
J) Gen. : agraria lex a Flavio trib. pi. vehemeuter 
agitabatur, promoted, Cic. ; a. inducias. Sail. ; co- 
hortes pra^sidium agitabant, gaoe, afforded protec- 
tion, Id.; a. praecepta, to endeaeor to fulfill. Id. ; a. 
pacera, to enjoy, live in peace, Id. ; a. dies festos, to 
celebrate, Cic; sat a.,to have plenty to do with a thing, 
to have enough on one's hands, Plaut, 2) Esp. : To 
carry on a thing in one's mind, to think or med- 
itate upon, to contrive, design, habet nihil 
aliud quod agitet in mente. Cic. ; thus, a. bellum in 
animo, Liv. Without mente and animo: si ilie hoc 
unum a. cceperit, Cic. ; a. fugam, to think upon 
flight, Virg. ; a. de supremis, to occupy one's mind 



tDtik thoughts of death, Tac. C) Of time: To 

spend, pass, vita hominum sine cnpiditate agita- 
batur, Sail.; a. a:ivuin, Virg. Often in this sense 
absoL.for to live, to be, hi propiua mare Alricum 
agitabant, Sail. Impers. : paucorum arbitrio belli 
doinique agitabatur, they lived. Sail. 

AGL-AiA, w, or AGLaKE, es, /. CAyXata. and 
AyKa-ti), the shining one). Aglaia, one of the three 
Graces, Virg. ; Sen. 

AGLaOPHON, ontis, m. Aglaophon, a cele- 
brated Greek painter, before Zeuxis, Cic. 

AGLAUROS, i, /. Aglauros, a daughter of 
Cecrops, turned by Mercury into a stone, Ov. 

AGMEN, iiiis, n. (ago). M o t i o n proceeding in 
a line, course. I. Prop, abstr. A) G<m. : denso 
sunt agmine nubes, Lucr. ; leni tluit agmine Thy- 
bris, Virg.; agmina fati et volumina, courses and 

windings, Gell. B) Esp. Mitit. t. t. : March, 

passage, progress, ne miles gregarius in ag- 
mine jumentum haberet, Sail.; thus, citatissimo, Liv. II. Melon, concr.: A muUitude 

m iiiu ion, A crowd, multitude, troop, band, 
mens reditus is fuit, ut a Brundisio usque Romam 
a. perpetuum totius Italise viderem, Cic. ; ingena 
miilierum a., Id.; turba agminia aligeri, ^ocA, Virg. 

B) Esp. Milit. 1) a) A corps of an army on 

its march, a column, agnaina magis quom acies 
pugnabant, rather in order of march than in order 
of battle, lAv. ; a. quadrato ad urbem accedere, 
with army in column, Cic; a. primum, the van- 
guard, Liv. ; a, medium, centre, Id. ; a. noviasimum, 
the rear, rear-guard, Csee. ; for which we find, a. ex- 
tremum, Liv. ; a. claudere, to close, keep together, 
Cass. ; for which we find, a. cogere, Liv. ; a. consti- 
tuere, to make a halt, to halt. Sail. ; a. carpere, to 
harass, Cass, b) Poet. gen. for army, troops, multi- 
tude, Virg. ; Ov. ; militanj service, Hor. 2) Fig. : 
educenda dictio ex hac domestica exercitatione et 
umbratili medium in a., in pulverem, &c., into the 
very midst, Cic ; ut nee duces simus, nee a. clauda- 
mu9, may not close the rear, may not be the last; in 
dies a. occupationum extenditur, m.ultitude, num- 
ber. Plin. Ep. 

AGNA, Si,f. An ewe lamb, Varr. ; Hor. 

AGNaLiA, ium, 7i.,/o7- Agonalia. The festival 
of Janus, Ov. 

AGNASCOR, natus, 3 v. dep. n. (ad, gnaacor= 
naecor), I. To be born in addition or after- 
ward, cui filius agnatus sit, Cic. II. Meton.: 

To grow at or upon, to adhere to as an ex- 
crescence, of plants, Plin. ; of the ear. Id. ; of the 
teeth, Gell. ; of supernumerary members of the body, 

AGNaTiO, onis,/. I. (agnatua) Relationship of 
the agnatus, Blood relationship or consan- 
guinity by the male side, agnation, Cic. 

11. (agnascor) A) A being born after the fa- 
ther's death. Dig. — B) A growing to or upon, 
increase, accession, App. 

AGNaTUS, a, um, part, o/ agnascor. 

AGNaTUS, i, m. (agnascor). I. A blood rela- 
tion by the father's side (a father's brother, a broth- 
er's son, grandchild, &c.) ; an agnate [opp. cog- 
natus, a blood relation of any kind], agntiti et gen- 
tiles, XII. Tab. ap. Cic. II. A child born after 

the father's death, Posthumous, Tac. 

AGNELLUS. j, T71. dJTTi. (agnus). A little lamb, 
lambkin, Plaut. 

AGNlKUS, a, um (agnus). Of or belonging 


to a lamb, a. lactes, Plaut. Agnina, sb, /. (ets, 
caro). A lamb, Plaut. 

AGNiTiO, onis, /. (agnosco). A knowing, 
recognizing, cognizance. I. Prop.: a, Ute- 

rarum, Q.uint, 11. Meton.: An object of 

knowledge, ad agnitionem animi, object of knowl- 
edge for the mind, Cic. 

AGNITUS, a, um, part, o/agnoeco. 

AGNoMEN, inis, 71. (ad.noraen). An addition- 
al surname of an individual, Capit 

AGNoMiNaTiO (ann.), onis,/. (ad, nomioatio). 
Rhei. t. I.: A j uxtapo s iiion of words agree- 
ing in sound (as, veniit, venit ; lenones, leones ; 
navus, vanuB, &;c.), accord of sound, asso- 
nance, paronomasia, Auct. Her. ; Quint. 

AGNOSCO (adgn. or adn.), novi, nitum (ad, 
gnosco:=nosco), 3 v. a. [agnotas for agnitus, Pac; 
agnoturus /or agniturus. Sail. J. To recogjiize 
or know again a thing already known before. 
L Gen. : animus agnoscit ilia remimscendo, Cic. ; 
nomine audito extemplo agnovere virum, Lir. 

II. Meton. A) To acknowledge, admit, 

allow, concede any thing to be true, genuiju, 
on^s own, eusciperem hoe crimen, agnoscerem, 
Cic. ; tantum tnbuere quantum ego nee a^osco 
nee postulo, admit, acknowledge as my due. Id. ; a. 
a^s allenum, to acknowledge. Dig. ; a. bonorum pos- 
sessionem, to declare one's own, lay claim to. Id. 
With an object, clause : me non ease verborum ad- 
modum inopem agnosco, I admit, grant, Cic. — B) 
Gen.: To recognize, become acquainted 
with, see, perceive, observe, understand, 
deuin a. ex operibus ejus, Cic. ; thus, a. alqd ex se, 
to experience, discover for one's self, Id.; hiec dicta 
sunt subtilius ab Epicure, quam ut quivia ea possit 
a., to understand, Id. 

AGNUS, i, m. [alsof in old Latin]. A lamb, 
Cic. ; Ov. ; Hor. Collectiv. : villa abundat porco, 
haedo, agno. Prov. : agniun lupo eripere velle, 
said of vain efforts, Plaut ; agoum facere alqm, to 
tear any one to pieces. Id. 

IGO, egi, actum, 3 b. a. and n. [axim/or egerim, 
Pac.]. To set or put in motion, to move, io 
drive, lead, guide ; to drive or move away^ 
and the like. 1. Prop. A) Gen. 1) Of living beings. 
a) Of animals: a. pecus pastum, Varr. ; a.elephan- 
tos prai se, Liv. ; canes ardentes a. cervum, to hunt, 
rouse, Virg.; agas asellum (the beginning of a prov- 
erb), drive the ass. b) Of men : multis millibus ai> 
matorum actis ex ea regione, in quam missus erat, 
driven, Liv.; thns, a. prascipites Pompeianos, topwr- 
sne, Caes. ; a. alqm in crucem, to drag to the cross, 
Cic. ; a. alqm ad mortem, to lead to death or execu- 
tion, Tac. ; a. captivos Indos sub curribus, to lead 
in triumph. Mart. ; a. se, to go, come, Plaut ; Virg. 
Instead of which, also, in a neuter sense : unde agis? 
Plant. In a middle sense: agi, To go, march, si 
citius agi vellet agmen, Liv. ; thus, quo multitudo 
oranis agebatur, hastened, ran. Id. 2) Of inanimate 
things : quEB (impedimenta) secum a. ac portare 
non poterant Cajs. ; a. caj-pcntum per patris cor- 
pus, Liv. ; a. rates, to steer, Ov. ; a. spumaa in ore, 
to bring up, to foam, Cic. ; a. vocem, to ntier, Id. ; 
a. cloacam sub terram, to conduct, Liv.; a. subli- 
cm oblique, to drive, ram in, Cks. ; a. fundamenta, 
to lay the foundation, Cic. ; a. radices, to strike or 
take root. Id. ; a. limitem ferro, to cut or open apatk, 

Virg. Bj Esp. 1) To drive or carry away hy 

force or pillage, peooris etmancipiorum praedas a. 


Sail. ; prsedam priB se, Liv. ; a. bovea in sua rura, 
Ov. ; kence, ferrc et agere (Greek, ayeti/ koI <pdpeiv), 
to make booty of things (ferre) and of meti arid cat- 
tle (agere), postquam res socioriim ferri agique vi- 
det, Liv. 2) MilU. t. t. : To set in motion, 
push, advance toward or to, bring near to, 
of engines of war, vineas turresque ad oppidum a,, 

Cees. ; thus, a. testudinem, Sail. II. Fig. A) 

Gen.: To set a person or thing iji motion, to 
move, drive, agunt eum prEecipitem pcense civi- 
um Romanorum, Cic. ; thus, alqm transversum, to 
lead astray. Sail. ; a. alqin diris, to persecute, Hor. ; 
vera gloria radices agit, takes root, Cic. ; a. se, to 

behave, conduct one's self. Sail. ; Tac. B) £sp, 1) 

a) To carry on an employment or business, to 
do, act, apply one^s self to, occupy one's 
self with, exercise, conduct, mihi qui nihil 
agit, esse omnino non videtur, Cic. ; a. suum ne- 
gotium. Id. ; 0. triutnphum, to hold, cehbraie a tri- 
umph, Id. ; a. vio;iliBS, to keep guard, to guard. Id. ; 
a. forum, to hold the assizes, a court-day. Id. ; thus, 
a. senatum, to hold a senate, Suet. ; a. liscum, to 
levy a contribution, Id. ; a. bellum, to levy war, wage 
war, CaiS. ; a. libera arbitria, to decide freely, Liv. ; 
a. gratias, grates, to thank, return thanks, Cic; a. 
delectum rerum verborumque, to viake, Quint. 
Prov, : jucundi acti labores ; acta a., to do unneces- 
sary things, to pour water into a sieve, b) Of par- 
ticular auions. a) To transact, act, carry on 
any thing, in public affairs, recordere velim, quae 
ego de te in senatu egerim, Cic. ; a. de conditioiii- 
bus, Liv.; a. cum populo, to make a proposal or mo- 
tion, Cic. ; but, a. ad populum, to make a speech to 
the people, Id. ; a. per senatum, per populum, to 
Conduct a proceeding before the Senate, before the 
people. Id. ; a. cum alqo, to treat any one strictly. Id. 
Melon, gen. : a. cum alqo, de alqa re, to speak to 
any one (entreating, exhorting, warning), Cic. ; a. 
bene, praiclare cum alqo, to treat or use one well. Id. 
Jn thepart., actum, i, n., A public transaction, 
a. ejus, qui in rep. cum imperio vereatus est, Cic. ; 
more commonly in the plur., acta, orum, n., Public i 
acts or deeds of the Senate, or the magistrates, or i 
among the people, acta Ctesaris servanda censeo, his , 
ordinances. Id. ; hence also, A register of public i 
acts, records, code of law, official paper, . 
advertiser, intelligencer, a. publica, Tac.;: 
Suet. ; a. diuroa urbis, town-newspaper, Tac. ^) I 
To transact any thing in a court of justice, t o 
plead, defend oca7isc, caueas amicorum a., Cic. ; | 
a. eummo jure, to insist upon one's strict rights. Id. ; 
a. lege, to commence a lawsuit, to sue at law, go to i 
law,.ld. ; a. furti, to accuse of theft, Id. In the pas- . 
sive : agitur res, the question is, the cause of dispute 
is, &c. Impers. ; qua de re agitur, what the object 
of the process is, the point of dispute or litigation, 
Cic. Meton., gen. : agitur res, is at stake or in dan- I 
ger, in quibua eorum aut caput agatur nut fama, 
Cic. Impers. : actum est (de alqo or alqa re), (of 
a person or thing) it is all over, all is lost, all hope ' 
is gone, y) To act as a speaker or stage-player, 
to deliver, enunciate, represent, play, (ora- \ 
toris est) a. cum dignitate, Cic. ; a. fabulam, Ter. ; 
a. priraas partes, to act the first part. Id. ; a. Ballio- 
tiem, Chairenm, to act, represent Ballio, Cheerea. 
Meton. : a. alqm, to assJime or act one's character, to 
imitate one, Cic. S) Relig. 1. 1. : To strike, kill, 
slay a victim, boc age, strike it (the victim), (the 
cu3toma]-y formula by which the priest ordered the 


vietimariue to slaughter the victim), Ov. Hence, Me- 
ton., of murdering a mail, Suet, e) To carry on 
any thing in one's mind, to think of or upon, to 
direct one's thoughts to, turn one's mind 
to, attend to, have in view, look to, aim at, 
id et agunt et moliuntur, Cic. ; aliud ageus ac nihil 
ejusraodi cogitans, inadvertent, absent, wandering, 
Id. ; thus often, a. alias res, not to be attentive. Id. 
c) Pregnantly : nihil a., to achieve, effect nothing, 
nihil agis, nihil assequeris, Cic. ; conf. nihil agis, 
dolor I it is of no avail to thee, Id. ; egerit non mul- 
tum, has not performed muck. Cur. ap. Cic. d) 
quid agitur 1 how do you do ? how are you ? how 
goes it ? Plaut. ; I'er. ; atao, quid agis ? Plant. ; 
Hor. ; quid ngam 1 what shall I do ? what am I to 
do? Ter. 2) Of time, a) To pass or spend it, 
1 I ive, in India sapientes nudi tetatem agunt, Cic. ; 
a. EEstiva ad Tarentura, Liv. ; a. quartum annum 
et octo^esimum, to be eighty-four years old- to be in 
his eighty -fourth year, Cic. b) Absol. : Tt live, 
dwell, be any whtfre or in any state, Africa (i. e. 
At'ri), qua) procul a mari incultius agebat, Sail. 

XG6N, onis, m. (ayiav). A contest in the pub- 
lic games (e. g. wrestliyig, boxing, &c.), Plin. Ep. 
Prov. : nunc demum a. est. now we must act, Suet. 

jCGoNaLIA, Tum and drum, n. The festival 
of Janus (on the 9th of January and 2lst of May), 

aGoNaLIS, e. Of or belonging to the 
Agonalia : dies a„ Varr. 

XGoNIA, orura, ri.p/oT- Agonalia, The festival 
of J a n u 8, Ov. 

XGOE-aNOMUS, i, m. (kyo(>av6(i.o<i). A clerk 
of the market, a police officer (correspond- 
ing to the Roman ffidilis),-Plaut. 

AGR^I, orum, m. Agrai, a people of Mtolia, 

AGRlGANTiNUS, a, um, for Acragantinua or 
Agrigentinus : A. fens, Flin. 

AGRaRIUS, a, um (ager). L Of, concerning, 
or relating to land; agrarian, a. lex, relat- 
ing to the division ofpitblic lands among the people, 
Cic. ; Liv. ; ike same, absol. : agraria proraulgata 
est a Flavio, Cic. ; a. rem tentare, to move or pro- 
pose such a division, Id. ; triumvir a., a commis- 
sioner for making such division, Liv. Milii. : a. 
stationes, the outposts of an army, Amm. ; the same, 

absol., agrariai, Veg. II. Subst., agrarii, orum, 

m., Such as favored the Lex Agraria, and were desir- 
ous of possessing land, thepartisans of the agrarian 
law, Cic. 

AGRESTIS, e (ager). Of, concerning, or 
belonging to land, a field, the fields, or 
the country ; rural, rustic, agrestic. 
I. Prop. : te hospitio agresti accipiemus, Cic. ; ho- 
mo a., a rustic, a peasant; conf. Numidae a., prac- 
ticing agriculture, Sail. ; a. tauri, used for agricul- 
ture, Col. ; a. Musa, rustic, Virg. Subst., agrestes, 
mm, m , Rustics, peasants, Cic; Liv. In the 
sing., Tibull. Poet. : a. figura, of an animal. Prop. ; 

thus, a. vultus, Ov. II. Meton. A) For silves- 

tris, That grows wild, wild (of plajus and ani- 
mals), a. palmEe, Cic. ; thus, a. poma, Virg. ; a. co- 
lumb89, a pigeon that feeds in the fields, a stock-pig- 
eon (opp. domestic*), Varr. ; thus, a. mus. a field- 
mouse, Hor. B) After the manner of rustics 

or peasants, in opposition to themanner of towns, 
clownish, uncivilized, rude, coarse [stron- 
ger than rusticus] ; or of character, Rude, wild, 



harsh, non modo docti, verum etiam agrestes, 
Cic. ; vita base nietica, quara tu agrestem vocas, 
id. ; Musee agrestiorea, more uncivilized, ruder. Id. 
Compar. : quaj barbaria Indi^ vastior aut agrestior ? 
Super!., Casaiod. 

AGRiCOLA, ae, m. (ager, colo). One who cul- 
tivates land (m the widest sense), a husband- 
man, farmer, agriculturist, Deiotarus dili- 
gentissimus a. habebatur, agriculturist, Cic. ; agri- 
colam laudat juris peiitus, Hor. Poet.: a. cceli- 
tes, rustic deities (^Ceres, Bacchus, Vertiimnus, Sec), 

AGRiCOLA, £6, m. Agricola, a Roman proper 
name : the father-in-law of Tacitus, who wrote the life 
of Agricola, Tac. 

AGRiCULTiO. also separately AGRI CULTIO, 
onis, /. The tilling of the ground, agri- 
culture, Cic. 5ee CuLTio. 

AGRiCULTOR, also separately AGRI CULTOR, 
oris, m. Acultivator, ag riculturist, hus- 
bandmaii, Liv, ; Col.; Curt. .S'ee Cultor. 

AGRlCULTuRA, also separately AGRI CULTu- 
RA, a;,/. Agriculture, husbandry, Cic. ; Caes. 

AGRiGENTiNUS, a, tim. Of or belonging 
to Agrig entum, Agrigentine, A. sal, Plin. 
Su&s(., Agrigentini, Drum, Inhabitants of Agri- 
gen turn, Cic. 

AGRIGENTUM, i, n. Agrigentum, a town, 
on the south coast of Sicily, now Girgenti, Plin.; 

AGRlMENSOR, also separately AGRi MEN30R. 
A land-surveyor, Amra. ; Cassiod. 

AGRiMoNlA, BB, /. (apyefj-dJvr]), The kerb 
agrimony, (Fam. RosacecE). Plin. 

AGRIPeTA, 86, m. (ager, peto). One who 
tries to get land {by an agrarian law), Cic. 

AGRIPPA, £6, 771. Agrippa, a Roman surname: 
Menenius Agrippa, hnown by his fable of the belly 
and the limbs, Liv. ; M. Vipsanius A., son-in-law of 
Augustus, Tac; Suet.; a king of Judea, Tac 

AGRIPPINA, ffi, /. Agrippina, a Roman fe- 
male name. 1. Grand-daughter of Atticus, wife of 
the Emptror Tiberius, Suet. 2. Daughter of Agrip- 
pa and Julia, wife of Oermavicus, and mother of the 
Emperor Caligula, Suet.; Tac. 3. Daughter of the 
latter, wife of On. Domitius Ainobarbus, mother of 
the Emperor Nero, a female monster. Suet. ; Tac. ; 
after her Colonia Agrippina or Agrippinensis was 
named, now Cologne, Tac; the inhabitants, Agrip- 
pinenses, Id. 

AGRJPPINENSIS, e. See the last article, at theend. 

iGYlEUS (trisyll.), ei and eos, m. ("Ayvieu?). 
Guardian of the streets, an epitiiet of Apollo, 

XGYLLA, 33, f. Agylla, a town in Etruria, 
aftenoard Ca3re, 7iow Cervetri, Plin.; called also 
Agyllina, Virg. ; its inhabitants, Agyllini, Id. 

XGyRiUM, li, n. Agyrium, a tow?i of Sicily, 
birth-place of Diodorus Sicvlus, now St. F Hippo 
d'Argiro, Cic. Hf^ncf, Argyrinensisager, Id. ; a;irf, 
Ariryvinenses, Inhabitants of Argyrium, Id. 

Ali,interj. Ah.' alas! ah me! a7i exclamation 
expressive of great emotion, of pain, joy, indignation, 
Plaut. ; Cic. ; Virg. With ace. : ah me, rae, Catull. 

iliA, interj. Ah ha, aha, ha ha! an exclama- 
tion in laughter or blame, Plaut. 

XHaLA, 83, m. Ahala, a Roman surname: C. 
Servilius A., the murderer of Mislius, Cic. 


XHARNA, 86, /. Ahar n a, a town of Etruria 

AHENEUS, AHENUM, &c. See Aen. 

AI, interj. (at). Alas! Ov. 

AI, imp. o/aio. 

AIO, JtIS, &c. (ain' for aisne, in conversation) 
(avtu). To say or affirm anything, to assert, 
declare, avouch. I. Gen.: Ennio delector, ait 
quispiam, Cic. ; debere eum aiebat, Id. ; and thns 
esp. in proverbs: ut, quomodo, quod aiunt, as thty 
say, as the saying is, to speak proverbially, docebo 

sue, ut aiunt, oratorem eum. II. Esp. A) To 

say yes, to assent (opp. negare, to say no, to 
negative), Diogenes ait, Antipater negat, Cic. — 
B) In conversational style: ain' or quid ais? Do 
you say so? do you mean it ? are you in 
earn est ? really ? indeed ? is it possibUf 
ain' tu, Scipio hie Metellus proavum suum nescit 
censorem non fuisae? Cic; thus also wiik a plur.: 
ain' tandem, nunc castra vallata non habetis? Liv. 

which told the Roman.': that the Gauls Were approach- 
ing, aftericard worshipped as a deity, Cic. ; Liv. 

aJAX or AIAX {bl'^yll.), acie. m. (Alas). Ajax. 

I. The najne of two Greek /teroes before Troy; one, 
son of TelajTwn, Cic. ; Ov. ; the other, son of CHleus, 
Virg, ; Cic. 2. Title of a tragedy by Enniiis, Cic. 

aLA, pb, /. (contr. from axilla ; perhaps related to 
Sajiscr. i], to move; ul, to swing). Awing. l.Prop.: 
Of a bird, Ov. ; Virg. ; Plin. Poet, of the wings of 
death, Hor.; of fate. Id. ; of the wind, of lightnifng, 

Virg. II. Meton. A) An analogous part of Ae 

body. 1) Of men: The part of the arm which adjoins 
the shoulder; the armpit, Liv.; sub a. portare 
alqd, Hor. ; alanim graveolentia. ike rank smell of 
the armpits, Plin. ; conf. hirsutus cubet hircus in 
alis, Hor. 2) Of other animals: Shoulder, 

shoulder-blade; of el^kants, Plin. B) Oftkat 

which resembles a wing. 1) In plants : The angle 
formed by the insertion of a leaf or branch into a 
branch or trunk, VWn. 2) Of buildings: A wing, 
outbuilding, offices, Vitr. 3) In tlu army: 
A wing (in the Roman army, usually consisiingof 
cavalry and the troops of the allies), a body of 
horse, Cic; Sail.; Liv. Poet., Gen.: A company 
of horsemen, Virg. 4) Poet. : Of oars. Prop. ; of 
sails, Virg. 

ALaBANDA, se, /. Alabanda, a town of Ca- 
rta^ built by the hero Alabandns, Plin.; Cic. The 
inhabitants of Alabanda. Alabandenses, Cic; also, 
Alabandes or -is (according to the Greek 'AAaj3av- 
Sei?), Id ; and Alabandeui, Liv. Hence also adj., 

aLABANDeUS, a, um. Of or pertain ing to 
Alabanda, Alabandean, Hierocles A, Cic; 
also, Alabandicus, a, um : A. cannabis, roaa, lapis, 

ALXBARCHES, ie,m. (iXajSopx^?). A collect, 
or or receiver of tolls or customs, clrrk of 
the customs, Juv. Ironically of Pompey, who 
boasted of having increased the Roman custrmis, Cic. 

XL5BASTER, tri, m. (plur., alabastra) (iAa/Sao-- 
rpoO- L A perfume-box of al-abaster. in the shape 

of a pear, Cic; Plin.; Mart IL Meton.: The 

Clip of a rose-bud, Plin 

XLIBASTRITES, m, m. (iKa^atrrpirr,^). I. A 
kind of htne-stone. Alabaster-stone, Plin. 

II. A kind ofjjrerious stone, Plin. 

IL aBASTRUM, i, n. (aXa&atrroov). For stimuli, 
Avttmony, Plin. 

XLXCER, oris, e [m. alacrie, Enn.; Virg.] (akin 
to Greek i\a)^vi; conf. ludicer). Brisk, eager, 
lively, sprightly, active, prompt, ready, 
videbant Catilinam interea alacrem atque laatiim, 
Cic. ; swift, nimble, speedy, quick, cum alac- 
ribus saltii certare. Sail. Of the mind, feelings, &c. : 
Cheerful, joyful, gladsome, Jovial, gay, 
alacres aiiimo sumus, Clc. ; but also, spirited, 
courageous, mettlesome, a. et prouipLus ani- 
mus ad bella suscipienda, Ca^s. ; alacer Mezentius, 
Turnua, Virg. : — thus, of animals : a. equus, Cic. 
Poet, of things : a. voluptaa, lively, Virg. ; a. enses, 
ready to cut, Claud. 

ILaCRITAS, atifl, /. (alacer). Briskness, 
liveliness, activity, eagerness, prompt- 
ness, alacrity, mird sum a. ad litigaodum, Cic. : 
Of the condition of mill d: Gladness, excessive 
joy, rapture, a. inanis, id est Iffititia gcsticna, 
Cic. ; conf. sine fflgritudine, sine a. With gen. of 
cause: a. perfecti operis, rejoicings over a work 
when finished, Liv. 

ALAMANNI. See Alemanni. 
XLa.NI, orum, m. Alani, a Scythian people near 
the Mceotic Lake, PUn. ; Mart. ; Luc. 

XLaPAjEB,/. a slap in the face or on the cheek, 
a box on the ear. Mart.; alapara ducere, to give, 
Phsedr. Whenever a slave was released from slavery, 
his master gave him an alapa; hence, multo majoris 
alapEB veneunt, liberty is purchased at a much dearer 
rale, Pheedr, 

aLaRIS, e, /or ALARIUS. That is posted 
or stands in the wings (ofanarmy), a. cohor- 
tes, Liv. 

aLaRIUS, a, um (ala). Belonging to the 
wing (of an army), cohortea a. et legionarise, i. e. 
of the allies, Caaa. 

XLASTOR, oris, m. Alastor, a companion of 
Sarpedon. Ov. 

aLaTUS, a, urn. L Furnished with wings, 

winged, a. plantae (of Mercury), Virg.— i IL 

Melon.: Swift, rapid, fleet, Ov. 
ILAUUA, te,/. (Gallic word). L A lark, Plin. 

II. The name of a legion raised by Ceesar in 

Gaul (called so from the ornament of their helmets), 

ALBA, SB, f. Alba, the name of several towns. 
I. Alba or Alba Longa, the mother-town of Rome, 
built by Ascanius, Liv, ; Virg. ; also, Longa Alba, 
Cic. 2. A town of the Marsi, near the Lacus Fuci- 
nus, now Celano, Cic; Ciee.; Liv. 3. Alba Hel- 
via, in Gallia Narbonensis, now Viviers, Plin. 

ALBA, EB, m. X. Alba, a king o/ Alba Longa, 
Liv,; Ov. 2. A Roman proper name, Cic, 

ALBaNIA, eb, /. Albania, a province on tJie 
Caspian Sea, now Georgia, Plin. 

ALBaNUS, a, una. I. Of or belonging to the 
town Alba Longa, Alban,A..K%eT, Cic. ; A.lacua, 
the Alban lake, west of Alba, now Lago di Cast el- 
1 Gandolfo, Cic. ; mens A., to the east of the Alban 
lake, with the temple of Jupiter Latiaris, where tlte 
feriaa LatintB, or holidays kept by all the cities of the ■ 
Latin name, were celebrated, now Monte Cavo,Cic.; . 
lapis A. or saxum A., cut on the Alban Mount (the 
mod. peperino or piper no), Quint. ; Suet. ; hence, ! 
columnae A,, constructed of Alban stone, Cic. Suhst., \ 
Albani, orum, Inhabitants of Alba, Liv.; Al- 

banum, i^ n., A villa near Alba, Cic. .-IL 

Of or belo7iging to the province Albania ; 
AJbani, Inhabitants of Albania, Plin. [ 

ALBaTUS, 0, um (albua). Clothed in white 
(opp. to atratus, Cic. ; Hor, ; Suet ; auriga a., one 
of the four parties in the circus (see b'ACTio), Plin. 

ALBENSIS, e. Of or belonging to Alba, a 
city of the Marsi, A. oger, Liv. Subst., Albensea, 
Inhabitants of Alba, Plin. 

ALBiiO, ere, v. n. (albus). To be white, campi 
033ibu9 albent, Virg. It occurs mostly in the part. 
albena, while, albentes roste, Ov. ; a. ossa, Tac. ; iil- 
bente coelo, at the dawn of day, at daybreak, Otes. 

ALBE3C0, 6re, v. inch. n. (tilbus). To begin 
to grow white, to become white, mare albes- 
cit, Cic. ; albescens capillus, Hor. ; lux a., begins to 
dawn, Virg. 

ALBIaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to an 
Alb i us, Albian, A. judicium, o/ Statiua A. Op- 
pianicus, Cic. 

ALBICeRIS, e, or -RUS, a, um (albus, cera). 
Yellowish white, olea albiceris, Cat ; Vnrr. 

ALBICO, are, v. a. and n. (albue). 1. Act. : To 
make white ; pass., albican, to become white or 

foaming, Varr. II. Neut.: To be white, 

to whiten, prata a. pruinis, Hor.; litua albicans, 

ALBIDUS, u, um (albue). Whitish, white, 
spuma a., Ov. Compar., Cels. Superl. : pus albi- 
dissimum, Id. 

ALBIGAUNUM, i, m. Albigaunnm, a town of 
Liguria, now Albenga, Tac. Its inhabitants, Al- 
bigauni, Liv. 

ALBtNO VaNUS, i.m. Albinovanus, a Roman 
proper name. 1. C. Pedo A., an epic poet, friend of 
Ovid, Quint 2, Celsua A., a young contemporary 
of Horace, Hor. 

ALBiNUS, a. Alhinus, a Roman family name 
of the gens Postumia, Cic. 

ALBION, onifl, /. Albion, an old name for En- 
gland, Plin. 

ALBIS, is, m. Alhis, a river of Germany, now 
the Elbe, Tac. 

ALBiTuDO, inia, /. (albue). White color, 
whiteness, Plant. 

ALBIUS, a. A lb i us, a Roman patronymic. 
Thus, A. TibuUus, a well-known elegiac poet. 

ALBOR, oris, m. (albus). Whiteness, ». ovi, 

ALBuCiUS, a. Albucius, a Roman family 
name, T. Albuciua. an orator, Cic. 

ALBuGO, inie,/. (albus). I. A certain disease of 
the eye, a white speck, haio, pearl of the eye, Plin. 

II. In the plur. .- Wk ite scSles on the head, 

dandruff, Plin. 

ALBtJLA, ffi,/. Albula. I. The ajt dent name 

of the Tiber, Virg. ; Ov. II. Certain sulphureous 

springs, near Tibur, now Lago di Solfatara, 
Plin. ; Suet. ; Mart 

ALBCLUS, a, um, dim. (albua). Whitish, a. 
columbus, Catull. 

ALBUM, i. 71. J. Abstr. : White color, white- 
ness, Virg.; albo polire columnaa, to make white, 

Liv, II, Concr. A) 1) The white of any 

thing, a. ovi, Cela. ; a. oculorum. Id. 2) Esp. for 

albugo: A white spot, a diseaseofthe eye. Col 

B) A white tablet (plastered) and publicly ex- 
hibited, tablet; as,l) I'he register, catalogue, 
roll of the Fontifex Maximus, on which the remark- 
able events of the year were written, for annales max- 
imi, Cic: Liv. 2) Of the preetor, for publishing his 
edicts, sedere ad a., to occupy one's self with pratorian 



right. Sen. ; thus, ad a. se transferre, to pratorian 
r'^Ar, Quint. 3) A list of names, register, roll, 
a. senatorium, Tac. ; a. judicuni, Suet 

ALBuMEN, inis, «. (albus). The white of any 
thing, a. ovi. Plin. 
ALBON£A or ALBuNA, aa,/. Albunea. I. A 

fountahi, vear Tibur, Hor. ; Virg. II. A Sibyl 

in ike grove near Tibur^ Lact. 

ALBURNUM, i, 7i. The young white wood 
under the bark of trees, sap-wood, Plin. 

ALBURNUS, i, m. A Iburnus, a mountain of 
Lucania, near the Siiarus, Virg. 

ALBUS, a, um (akin to aXtairos, g^^^-y). White. 
[Gen. opp. ater; but candidus. skiving white (opp. 
niger).] I. Prop. A) Democritus luminibue amis- 
sis alba et atra discernere non poterat, Cic. ; hence, 
poet. : a. homo, clothed in white, Hor. ; a, pedes, 
made white, Jut. Prov. : albus an ater sis. nescio, 
you are entirely indifferent to me ; albis dentibus de- 
ridere alqm {skoicing the teeth, i. e.), to jeer or dei'ide 
much, Plnut. ; avis a., a white sparrow, a rarity, any 
thing uncommon ; albee gallinitt filius, fortune's fa- 
vorite child, Juv. ; album calculum adjicere alicui 
rei, to approve of any thing (see Calculus), Plin. 
Ep. ; albis equis praecurrere, to be greatly superior 

to, Hor. B) Melon. 1) Pale, wan, a. urbanis in 

officiis, Mart. ; a. corpora {of dropsical people), Hor. ; 
a. pallor, making pale. 2) Bright, clear, sol a., 
Enn. ap, Cic ; a. Lucifer, Ov. ; a. Notus, Hor. 

II. Fig.: Lv cky, fortunate, a. Stella, i/ic 

constellation of the Gemini, Hor. ; a. dies, Sil. 

ALCiEUS, ], m. ('AAjcalo?). AIcceus, a lyric 
poet, born at Mytileiie in Lesbos, Cic. ; Hor.. 

ALCilCUS, a, um. Of or belonging to At- 
emus, Alcaic. A. versus, Gramm. 

ALCXMeNES, is, m. Alcamenes, a celebrated 
statuary at Athens, contemporary of Phidias, Cic. 

ALCXTHOe, es, /. AJcathoe, the citadel of 
Megara, poet, for Megara itself, Ov. 

ALCITHQUS, i, m. Alcathous, a son of Pe- 
lops, founder of Megara, Ov. 

' ALCE, 68, /. Alee, a town o/Hispania Tarra- 
conensis, Liv. 

ALCeDO (halc.),inig,/. Foralcyon, The king- 
fisher^ Plaut. 

ALCEDoNfA (hale), orum, n. The calm at 
sea when the kingfisher broods, or halcyon tran- 
quil Lity of the ocean, alcedo; hence, faceie, Meton.: 
Deep calm or stilln ess, Plaut. 

ALCES, is. /. (old Germ. E Ich or Elc). An 
elk (Fam. Cercf), Ca3s. ; Plin, 

ALCE3TIS. is, or ALCESTE, es, /. CAktcritm^ or 
'AAkiJo-tij). Alcesti s, daugluer of Pelias, wife of 
Admetus, for whom she laid down her life, Ov, ; Juv. 
ALCIBIADES, is (voc. Alcibiade, Liv.), m. (\\\. 
KL^idSr}<;). Alcibiadcs. 1. A celebrated Athenian 
commander and statesman, son of Clinias, Nep. ; Cic. 
2. A Lacedamonian. Liv. 

ALCIDXMAS, 8B, m. ('A/Wifia^as). Alcidamas, 
a Greek rhetorician of Elcea in JEolis, pupil of Gor- 
gias, Cic. 

ALClDES, EB, m. ('AX/cet'ST)?), A descendant 
of Alcaus, Alcides, i. e. Hercules, Virg.; Hor. 
ALC!MI:D0N, ontis, vi. ('AAKi/ie'Saiv). Alcime- 
do 71, a Greek sculptor, Virg. 

ALCINOUS, i, m. ('AAKiVoos). Alcinous, a 

king of the Phceacians, famous for his luxtiry and 

his love of horlicultvTe, Hyg. F. Hnice, poet., Meton. : 

JuventUB Alcinoi, people living luxuriously, Hor, ; 



flilvee Alcinoi, Virg. ; and prov. Alcinoo dare poma, 
of any thing suptrfliioiis, Ov. 

ALCIS, m. Aids, a deity of the NaJiarvali, 
Tac. (others take Alois here for the dat. plur. ofAlci, 
orum, as Castor and Pollux). 

ALCiTHOE, es, /. ('AAKt0oTj). Alcithoe, a 
daughter of Minyas at Thebes, diavged into a bat far 
ridiculing the orgies of Bacchus, Ov. 

ALCM^O or -ON, onis, m. ('AAKjuatwi-). Ala- 
mcEon. 1. Son of Amphiaraus, who murdered his 
mother Eriphyle, for which crime he was tormented by 
the Furies, Cic. ; hence, AlcraEeonisB fiirias, Prop. 
2. A Pythagorean philosopher of Crotona, Cic. 

ALCMAN, anis, m. ('AAxjutaj'). Alcman, a lyric 
poet of Lydia, Veil. Hence, Alcmanium metnim, 

es, /. (^ KKKfi^vj)). Alcmena, daughter of Elcc- 
tryon, wife of Amphitryon, mother of Hercules by 
Jupiter, Plaut. 

ALCyON (hale), onis, /. (aKtcvtov). The king- 
fisher, halcyon, Prop.; Virg. 

ALCYONE, es, /. CAAkvoioj). Alcyone, daugh- 
ter of Molus, wife of Ceyx, changed into a kingfisher 
(alcyon), Ov. 

ALCyONeUS and -NiUS. a, um. Of or be- 
loJcging to the kingfisher, dies a., for alee- 
donia, the calm at sea when the kingfisher broods, 
Col. ; a. medicamen, or simply alcyoneum, i, n., a 
remedy for speckles in the face, Plin. ; Cela. 

aLeA, ifi, /. I, A game of hazard or chance icith 
dice (forbidden at Rome, excxpt on the Saturnalia), 
in foro alea ludere. Cic. ; instead of which, ludere 
aleam, Suet.; prosperiore a^\^% to play fortunately. 
Id. Prov. : jacta alea esto, let the die be cast, desar's 

well-known exclamation at the Rubicon, Suet. 

II. A) Melon.: Any thing hazardous, hazard, 
chance, risk. luck, non perspicitis, aleam quan- 
dam inesse hostiia deligendis ? Cic. ; in dubiam im- 
perii servitiique aleam ire, to try one's fortune, Liv. ; 
dare summHm rerum in aleam, to risk. Id. ; opus 
periculoste aleae, a work full of danger and hazard, 
a hazardous enterprise, Hor. ; M. Tullius extra om- 
nera ingenii aleam positue, not liable to any doubt 
whatever, Plin. 

aLeaTOR, oris, m. (alea). A dice-player, 
gamester, Cic. 

aL£aToRiUS, a, um. Of or pertaining to 
a gamester, or gaming, a. damua, at play, Cic 
Subst., aleatorium, ii, n., A gaming or gam- 
bling-house, Sid. 

aLEC_ (allec, halec), eels, n., and aLEX (hal), 
ecis, c. (oAuicis). Fish-brine (esp. from the sedi- 
merttof the gnrum), Plin.; Hor,; Mart. 

ALECTO, us,/. CAXjjKTta). Alecto, one of the 
three Furies, Vira;, 

ILEIUS, a, um CAA^lo?)- Of or belonging 
to Ale III Lycia, A. campi, where Bellerophon fell 
frotn, Pegasus. Cic. poet, (according to Horn.). 

aLeMANNI (Alam.). drum. m. Alematmi, a 
people of Germany, A. Vict ; Claud • Sid 

XLEMANNIA (Alam.), te,/ The country of 
the Alemanni, Claud. 
aLEMANNICUS (Alam.), a, um. Of or be- 
rf-^,fJ.° ae Alemanni, A. tentoria. Amm. 
ALeMON, onis, 7n. A I em on, an Argive^ who 
butlt Crotona, Ov. ' e > 

XLkMONIDES, ffl, j«. a descendant of AU 
mon, e. g. kts son Myscelus, Ov, 


aLKO, Onis, m., for aleator. A dice-player, 
ffarnester, Catull. 

XLeEIA, ae,/. Aleria, a town of Corsica, Plin. • 

aLES, itis (nla). I. Adj. A) Winged, a. avis, 
Cic. poet.; a. eqiius, Pegasus, Ov. ; dens n.. Mer- 
cury, Id. B) Melon.: Swift, fleet, rapid, a. 

au3ter,Virg. ; a. passu, Ov, II. Subst.,vi.andf.: 

A bird {ckivjly of the larger kind). A) a. 
albus, a swan, Hor. ; a. Phosbcius, a raoeu, Ov.; 
also called a. argentea {before it was chnnge.d). Id. ; 
a. lulvus Jovis, an eagle, Virg. ; also called a. min- 
ister fulrairiie, Hor. ; also, a. reg'ia, Ov. ; a. exterri- 
ta, apigeon, Virg. ; a. canorus, a swav, Hor. Hence, 
toii/i puds. Melon.: a. Maaonii cnrminia, a bird of 
MtEoiiian strain, an epic poa, Id. — B) Esp. 1) la 
the language of augurs: A bird that gave, omens 
by itsfiighi, Cic. 2) Poet. meio?t. for au"uriutn ; A 
sign, omev, bona a., Catull.; conf. mali a., Hor. 

ALESCO, ere, r.H.(alo). To grow,YMV.; Lucr. 

XLfeSIA, ai,/. Alesia, atotcn 0/ Gallia Celtica, 
now A lisp, in Burgundy, Caes. 

ALESUS, i. See Halesus. 

XLETRlNAS, atis. Of or belonging to the 
town Aletrium (iji Latium), ex mimicipio A., Cic., Aletrinatea, um, m., Inhabitants of Ale- 
trium, Id. 

ILETRlNENSIS. e. Of or belonging to the 
town of Aletrium, A. foederatus, Cic, doubtful. 

XLETRiUM, ii, 31. Aletrium, a town of Lati- 
um, now Alatri, Front. 

ALEX. See Alec. 

ILEXANDER, dri, m. ('AAefai/fipos). Alex- 
andtr. 1. Another name for Paris, Cic; also, A. 
Paris, Plin. 2. Also (surnamed Magnus), Alexander 
the Great, Hvg of Macedonia. 3. A tyrant of Pher(E 
in Thessaly, Cic. 4. A king of Egypt, Cic. 5. A 
freedman of Cicero, Cic. 

iLEXANDREA or ILEXANDRiA, se,/. ('AAef- 
dvSpeia). Alexandrea. 1. A city of Lower Egypt, 
founded by Alexander the Great, 7tow Scander iin, 
Plin. ; Cic. 2, A city of Troas, Cic. ; called, aho, 
A. Trons, Liv. 

ILEXANDRlNUS. a, um. Of or belonging 
to Alexandrea, AlexandTine, A. teetee, from 
Alexandrea, Cic, ; A. navia, a merchantman from 
Alexmidrea, Suet, Siibst., Alexandrjni, orum, m.. 
Inhabitants of A lexa7idrea, Cic. 

ALGA, 86,/. (akin to aAg, Icel. all, tlie sea). Sea- 
grass, sea-wrack, sea-weed, Hor.; Virg. Poet, 
for any thing of small value, vilioralga. Virj,'. ; Hor. 

ALGENSIS, e (alga). Of or pertaining to 
sea-weed, nourished in sea-weed, a. genua 
purpureas, Plin, 

ALGeO, alsi, 2 v. n. (akin to a\yeoi, to suffer 
pain). I. To feel cold, to be chill, to quake 
or shiver with cold, Cic; puer eudavit et alait, 
Hor. Poet. ; probitas laudatur et alget, starves of 

cold, Juv. II. Esp.: algens, Cold, chilly, a. 

pruina;, Stat.; a, loca, Plin. Poet.: a. toga, cold, 
i. c. worn out, Mart. 

ALGESCO, alsi, 3 v. inchoat. n. (algeo). To 
catch cold, grow cold, Ter. ; Plin, 

ALGiDUM, i, n. Algidum, a town on Mount 
Algidiis, now Rocca de Papa, Flor, 

ALGlDUS, a, um (algeo). . Cold, a, loca, Catull. 

ALGIDUS, i, m. Algidus, a mountain near 
Home, Hor. Hence, Adj. : Algida terra, Ov. ; and 
A. secessua, Mart 



ALGOR. 6rie, m. (algeo). Cold (which is felS), 
chilhiess, Cic; Sail, In the plur.: contra ul- 
gores nmnire alqd, the colds of winter, Plin. 

ALGoSUti, a, uni (algH). Full of sea-weed. 

ALGUS, us, VI., and ALGU, n.,for al^^or, Plant. ; 

ALIACMON. See Haliacmon. 

XLiaS, ado. (aliua, like foras, eras). I. Prop. 
Locally: Elsewhere, quoninm in Ida, non a. naa- 
citur, Plin. — . II. Melon. A) Of time : At an- 
other time (of past and fulnrc time), once, on 
another occasion, quodquum easpe a., turn nu- 
per, Cic. ; than, ruro a., seldom at other times, Liv. ; 
semper a.,frtquently ai other times, Sut't. ; non alias, 
at no time, Liv. ; alias , . . alias, at one time . . .at an- 
other, now . . . now, sometimes . . , sometimes ; alias , , . 
plerumque, alias . . , interdum ; alias, aliter, or aliud, 
now so, then otherwise. Of future time : plura surl- 
betnus a., nt another time, hereafter. — B) In other 
respects, besides, otherwise, Plin.; non a. 
quani, for no other reason, in no other case, under 
no other con dido n, Tac, 

JCLIBI, adv. (alius, prop, old dat.) I. Prop. Lo- 
cally : In another place, elsewhere, other- 
where, somewhere else, qui et a. quam in Nilo 
nascitur, Plin. ; a. dicit Cicero, Quint. ; dextra sinis- 
traque. nee usquam alibi, Cic. ; alibi . , . alibi, at one 
place another; in this place that, here . , . 
there, Liv,; instead of which, also, hic .., alibi, 
Virg, ; Plin, ; and, alibi . , . deinde. Curt. ; alibi nliter 
or alius, here so there otherwise, the one here another 

there, Liv, II, Melon.: In other things, 

elsewhere, else, nolle se a. quam in innocentia 
spem habere, Liv, 

XLiCA, te, /, (alo ; sc. farina). I. A hind of 

spelt. Cat; Plin. II, Melon. A) Peeled 

spelt, Cels. ; Plin. B) A drink prepared 

from spelt, frumenty, flummery, Sec, Mart, 

XLxCiRiUS, a, um(alica). Of or pertain i Tig 
to spelt, I'laut. Subst., alicarius, ii, m., A miller 
who grinds or prep a res spelt, Lucil, 

ALICASTRUM, i, n. (sc. frumentum). A kind 
of spelt, summer-spelt, M arch-wheat. Col. 

XLiCtJBI, adv. (aliquis). In some place, 
somewhere, si Pompeius constiterit a., Att. ap 

aLICOLA, KB,/, dim. (ala). A short light gar- 
ment, Petron. ; Mart. 

aLICUNDE, adv. From some quarter, pr»- 
cipitare a., Cic. Of persons: audire, queerere, a., 
of somebody, Id. 

ALlDfor ALIUD, See Alius. 

XLieNaTIO, onis,/. Alienation. I. Prop.: 
a. dominii, rei, Di^', ; a. sacrorum, a transferring to 
another family, Cic II. Fig. A) A separa- 
ting one's self from any one, n forsaking, de- 
sertion, estrangement,parting ; aversion, 
dislike, turpis i'ugaet a. exercitus, Ca;s.; a. con- 
sulum, Cic. ; tua a me a., Id.; praecipua in Vitelli- 

um a., dislike to, aversion, Tac. B) In Medic. : a. 

mentis, aberration of mind, loss of reason, derange- 
ment, Cels.; Plin.; bisicad of which, also, simply 
alienatio, Sen, 

XLieNIGeNA, 80 (alius, gigno). Born in an- 
other country, strange, foreign, outland- 
ish, homo longinquns et a,, Cic Subst. : nee quid 
alienigenaj de vobis loqui soleant, /orei^7ters, strari- 
ger», aliens, Cic. 


XLI ENIGENUS, R, um./or alienigena. St range, 
outlandish, foreign, muUer alienigeni sangui- 
nis, V. Max. 

ALieNO, 1 V. a. (alienus). To make over 
to another, transfer, alienate. I. Prop. A) 
pretio parvo ea, quae accepissent a majoribus, ven- 
didisse atque alienasse, Cic. B) Gen.: To es- 
trange, separate, remove, urbs alienata, that 
has been brought under, has become subject to, a dif- 
ferent master, Sail. ; pars insulee prodita atque ali- 
enata, lost, Liv. ; a. alqni velut occisura, to remove, 

JusL U. Fig. A) 1) To alienate, render 

averse, set at variance, a. omnes a se bonos, 
Cic. ; a. voluntatem alcjs ab a]qo. Id. 2) Mid. : 
To keep at a distance from, avoid anything, 
a falsa assensione magis iios alienatos esse quam a 
ceteris rebus, Cic. ; alienari a memoria periculi an- 

imi, to think no more of, Liv. B) In Medicine. 1) 

a. mentem, to take away the seyises. to derange; and 
commonly in the pass., to lose one's sensej!, to go 
mad, vulgo Junonis iram alienasse mentem fcre- 
bant, Liv. ; signum alienatte mentis, of madness, 
derangement, Suet. Absol. : odor sulphuris sa:ipius 
haustus alienat, deprives of sensation, bammbs. Sen. 
2) alienari, of limbs: To die, intestmii momento 
alienantur, Cels. 

ALI£NUS, a, um (alius). That belongs to 
another, is not our own, strange, for cign. 
I. Prop. A) Gen.: aliis dare aliena, Cic; aes alie- 
num, prop., the property of another, i. e. debt ; but, 
nomina a., debts contracted by others. Sail.; pavor 
a., of others, Liv. ; pedibus a. ambulare, to be con- 
veyed in a litter, Plin.; equites alieno Marte pug- 
nare, 1. e. like foot-soldiers, Liv. Snbst., alienura, i, 
71., Other people' s property, property which 
is not our own, largiri ex alieno, Cic; aidifici- 
um exstruere in nlieno, upon another man's ground. 
Id. In the plur., aliena, Other people's con- 
cerns or affairs; in full, aliena negotia, Hor. 

B) Esp.: Of another family, strange, with 

regard to our family or country, propinqui potiorea 
quam alieni, Cic ; alienissimus a Clodio, not in the 
least related to, Id. ; se suaque omnia alienissimis 

CTedxderunt to perfect strangers, CaiS. II. Fig. 

A) Gen.: That does not belong to any thing, 
not connected, foreign, nn suitable, incon- 
gruous, inconsistent, unbecoming, dif- 
ferent, contrary ; mostly with ab or nn all., sel- 
dom with a dat. or gen. : homo non alienus a Uteris, 
not unversed, not .'ilrange in, Cic. ; aliena ducere a 
dignitate. Id. With abl. : alienum sibi videri dig- 
nitate imperii, Cic. With dat. : quod ilii causm 
maxifne est alienum. Cic. With gen.: qute essent 
aliena firm as et constantis assensionis, Cic. ; domus 
(Bruti) nee nlienn consilii, siro;)^e to. Sail. Wnh in: 
in physieis Epicurus -totus est a., unversed, inexpe- 
rienced in, CwG. Absol.: aliena et nihil profectura 

petcre, things incongruous or futile, Sfii. B) Esp. 

1) Not connected by frien dship, un- 
friendly, strange, averse, indisposed, hos- 
tile, nnfavorabie, tuum factum alieni hominls, 
ut lenissime dicam, Cic. ; ex alienissimis sociia 
auiicissinios rcddere, Id. Wtik dat. ; Muciani ani- 
mus nee Vespaeinno alienus. Of things : alieno 
toco proelium committunt, Cte*?. 2) In Mrdicine. 
h) Of the body: Dead, in acn siblc, Scrib. b) 
Of the mind: Mad, maniacal, deranged, 
franiic, a. mens. Sail. 

iLiGER, 6rn, ernm (ala, gero). Having 


wings, winged, a. agmen, of birds, Virg.; a. 
nunciuB Jovis, Mercury, Stat. Subst., aligeri, oram, 
Winged gods of love, Sil. 

aLiMENTaRIUS, a. um (alimentum). 5e- 
longing to Jiourishment, a. lex, relating to 
the division, of corn among tlie poor, Coel. ap. Cic. 

ALlMEXTUM. i, n. (alo). Food, alimentary 
substance, nutriment; nourishment, ali. 
ment. I. Prop. A) nee desiderabat alimenta cor- 
poris, Cic. ; plus alimenti est in pane quam in ullo 
alio, Cels. Poet, of things : a. cetera rtammse, ali 

maitnry substance, aliment, Ov. B) Melon. I) 

Recompense made by a child to his parents for 
their support, sustenance (GrecA SpeirTpa), quasi 
alimenta exspectaret a nobis (patna), Cic 2) As 
Law term : Aliment, sustenance, mainte- 
nance {including clothing, lodging, &.C.), Dig. 

II. Fig. : addidit alimenta i-umoribus adven- 

tus Attali, new food or materials, Liv. 

ALiMENTUS, i,m. Alimeritus, a Roman ^r- 
name. See Cincius. 

XLiMoNiA, ie,f. (alo). Nutrime7it, mainle- 
navce. Plant.; Suet.; Cell. 

aLiMoNIUM, ii, n. (alo). Nutriment, main- 
tenance, Varr. ; Tac ; Juv. 

ALi'o, adv. I. Prop. Locally: Elsewhither, 
to another place, si offendet me loci celebritas, 
alio me conferam, Cic. Of persons : a te causam 
regiam a. transferebant, Cic. ; thus, quo a. nisi ad 
nos socios confugerent ? whither else? i. e. to tokom 
else ? Liv. ; alius . . . alio, one here . . . another there; 
thus also, aliunde . . . Dlio,from one to another, Sen. 

II. Metnn. A) To another thing, vocat 

me a. jamdudum tacita vestra esspectatio, Cic. ; 
alio . . . alio, to the one side . . . totke other side, hither 

...thither. B) To another purpose or end, 

hoc longe a. spectabat, Nep. Wiik a negation: ple- 
bera nusquam a. natam quam ad serviendum./or 
nothing but, Liv. 

ILIOQUI or aLioQUIN, adc. I. In other re- 
spects, on other accounts, for the rest, mil- 
ites tantum, qui sequerentur currum, defuerunt; 
a. magnificus triuraphus fuit, Liv.; ne pagnemus, 
qiium prgesertim plurimis a. Grsecis sit utendum, 

besides, moreover, Quint II. In the cantror 

ry case, if not, othericise, credo minimam ia- 
tius rei fuisse cupiditatem : alioquin multa exsta- 
rent exempla majorum, Cic. 

aLiORSUM or -SUS {not contracted, alivor;ura, 
Ter. ; and, alioversus, Lact). adv. In another 
direction-, elsewhither. I. Prop. Locally: a, 
ire. Plant. Of persons : infantis a. dati facta amo- 

litio, Gell. II. Melon.: In another mannfr 

or way, i7i a different s e 7i 5 r . a. accipere alqd, 
PIftut. ; Ter. Hence Uie French ailleurs, d'ail- 
1 e u r s. 

AlArKS, edis. I. Having wings on the 
feet, deu3 a., Mrrc^^ry, Ov. Absol: alipes, Ov.; 

a. equi, i, c. of the citariot of the su7i. Id. II. 

Mton.: Quick-footed, fleet, a. cervi, Lucr,; a. 
equi, Air^^ 

ALirur.RA, ae, f. Alipkera, a town of Arca- 
dia. C\c ; Liv. 

aLU'ILUS. i,m. (ala,pilus). A shwc who pl'icked 
the hair from the armpits of his master in the hath, 

iLIPTES or -.\. te, m. (iAeiTmjO. One wAo 
presides over the anointing of wreattert, 
a wreetling-masirr, Cic; Cels.. Juv. 

■ XLIQUa, ado. I. Prop. Locally: In some 
place or other. somev)kere, a. evolHre ei posset, 

Cic II. MkIou. : In some way nr other, by 

some means or otkm; a. reauiscere tilqd, Tcr.; a. 
nocere, Virg. 

XLtCiUAM-DiU or, separated, ALIQUAM DIU. 
I. Prop.: Fur a while, for soma time, for a 
considerable time, Aristum audi vita., Cic; ubi 
a, certatuia, Snll. 

XLiiQUAM-MULTUS or, separated, ALIQUAM 
MULTUri, a, um. Preltij much, considera- 
ble H number or quantity, sunt veetrmn aliquam 
multi, qui Pisonem cognonint, Cic. — Ado.: lii£c 
defensio allquanimultum a me remota eat, consid- 
erably, or, rather far, App- 

XLICIUANDO, adv. (alius, quando). I. Once, 
at some time, veritus sum deesse Pompeii ealuti, 
quum ille a. non defuisset me», Cic. ; ne quid pite- 
termitteretur, quod a. factum eseet, Liv. ; ai a., if 
ever, if at any time, ampla domus dedecori domino 
fltepe fit ... et maxime. ei a. alio dumino solita est 
frequentari, Cic. Of thai which takes place after a 
long time : A I length ; often strevgihened by tan- 
dem ; e. g. modo scribe a. ad nos, quid agas, Cic. ; 
and in revmsed order: hunc miserum a. tandem 
posse consistere. IJ. Melon. ; With the subor- 
dinate idea of repetition : Sometimes, at times, 
occasionally, now and then, once and 
again, many a time, te nonnumquam a me ali- 
enarunt, et me a. immutarunt tibi, Cic. ; aliquando 
. . . aliquando, lilte modo . . . modo, at one time . .. at 
another ; now . . . now, Quint. ; Plin. 

XLiQUANTILLUM, i. n. dim. (.ali quantum). A 
little bit, a. gusto, Plaut. 

ILiaUANTISPER, atiu. (aliquantus,per). Dur- 
ing some time, for some while, J?laut. ; Ter. ; 

ILIQUANTOLUS. a, um, dim. ( aliquantus). 
Very little. Rarely used as adj.: a. numnrus 
frumenti, Auct. B. Afr. More frequently in the nent., 
subst. c. gen. : A very little, a very small part 
or q nan tit y, quum aids alieni aliquantulum re- 
lictum eeset, Cic, Andadv.: A little, somewhat, 
quum aliquantulum progressus esset, Cic. 

ILIQUANTUS, a, um (alius, quantua). Some, 
somewhat {much or Utile), uti-um aliquid actum 
euperioribus diebua an nihil arbitremur? A. Ac- 
tum vero et aliquantura quidem, considerable, Cic; 
signorum et armorum aliquanto numero, hostium 
pancorum potiti. Sail. Neiit. subst. c. gen. : A con- 
siderable quantity, number, &c.. a good deal, 
aliquantum agri in medio relictum est, Cic. ; a. itin- 
eris progressi, Caaa. Aliquantum and Aliquanto, 
adv.. Somewhat considerable, qui proceaait 
aliquantum ad virtutis aditum, nihilominus in mi- 
seria est, quam ille qui nihil piocessit, has come tol- 
erably near, Cic. ; noti modo non contra legem, sed 
etiam intra legem ct quidem aliquanto, not a little, 
Id. ; a. ante, a little before. Id. ; iidem melius a. di- 
cerent, si, &,c., m.nch better, Id. ; carinte a. planio- 
rea, much flatter, Ca^s. 

ALIQUaTjcNUS, adv. (aliquis, tenus). I. Prop. 
Of place: To a certain extent, Padus a. exilis, 

mox aliis amnibus adeo augescit, &c., Mel. II. 

Meton, : In a certain measure, to a certain 
degree, som ewhat, sed illud a. longe .produci- 
tur, Sen. ; canlcs a. rubentes, Pliii. 

ALIQUI. See Aliquis. 

iLIQUIS or ALIQUI, qua, quod [fem. sing., ali- 

qute res, Lucr.], pron, adj. (alius, quia). Some, 
some one, sumnbody, ut aliquis nua d(;us ex hsc 
hominum IVequontia tollerct, Cic; quu) vera Hit, 
dtus nliqui viderit, Id. ; In quo aliqua nignihcatio 
virtutis appareat. Id. ; qui appropinquants aliquod 
raakim metuit, Id. ; sive plura (argumenta) sunt, 
sivc aliquod unum, atly single one, Id.; quid mihi 
nunc tamquam ulicui Graiculo otioso qutestiuncu- 
1am ponitis, like some Greek idler, Id. ; animorum 
aliqua ex parte raoLus quosdam videmus, in some 
measure. Id. ; non sine aliqua spe, not without some 
hope, Id. Hardy in the plur. : quicuiuque aut af- 
finitatG aiit aliquibus ministeriis reyiani contigis- 
sent, Liv. fFith numerals, to denote an indelinhe 
numbi'r, aliquos viginti dies, some twenty days, Plaut. 

XLtQULS, qua, quid, pron. subst. (alius, quis). 
1. Any whatever, some one {thing) or other; 
in the plur.: Several, some ptrsons, quisquis 
est ille, si modo est aliquis, ;/ there be any onu what- 
ever, Cic. ; atque is taraen aliquis Ljgarius non fuit, 
this somebody, Id. ; aliquid facerem, ut hoc non la- 
cerem, any thing whatsoever, Ter.; non deapero 
fore aliquem aliquando, some one or other, Cic ; ex- 
spcctabam aliquem meorum. some one. Id. Aliquis 
as a partitive governs thegen. plur., or is joined with 
the abl. with de, e, or ex. With the second persoa : 
exoriare aliquis nostris ex ossibus ultor, Virg. 
With the plur. : aperite aliquis ostium, Ter. In the 
plur.: semper aliqui anquirundi sunt, quos diliga- 
raus, Cic ; cum popularibus et aliquibus princi- 
pum, Liv. Ill the neut., adv.: si in me aliquid of- 
fendistis, at all, in any respect, Cic; succensere a., 

Id.; sublevarc alqm a., Ctes. II. PJsp. A) la a 

pregnant sense: aliquid. Something consider- 
able, something of importance. Thus, espe- 
cially, ease aliquid or aliquem, to be of some import- 
ance, to be somebody or something, si umquam iu 
dicendo fuimus aliquid, Cic. — B) Gramm. : esse ad 
aliquid, to relate to another word. Quint. 

ALtOVO, adv. Somewhither, to some place, 
a. exire. Cic. With gen. : a. terrarum, Brut. ap. Cic 

ALIQUOT, indecl. Some, several, accepi a. 
epistolas, Cic; a. sunt anni, quum, &c, Id.; id a. 
de causis acciderat, Cass. 

aLIQUOTiES, adv. Sometimes, several 
times, certain times, nisi a. ex ipsis accusato- 
ribus audissem, Cic. 

aLiQUoVORSUM, fldu. Somewhither, Plaut. 

ALTS, instead 0/ alius. Sec that word. 

aLIS, idis, /., for Elis {Dor. 'AAts for *HAts), 

aLITER, adv. (aVis for alius). Otherwise, in 
another manner or way. I. Prop. A) tu si 
a. existimas, nihil errabis, Cic ; a. ab aliis digerun- 
tur, differently by different persons. Id. ; a. Diodoro 
placet Id. It is joined with the adverbs longo, mul- 
to, nihilo, and ofle^n has after it the particles ac, 
ajque, et, quam, &c ; longe aliter est atque, it is far 
otherwise than, Cic. ; non a. quam ut, on no other 
CO ndiiionthan, Snet. — B) E.ip.: Contrariwise, 
on the contrary, otherwise, else,ine a. quid 
eveniat providere decet. Sail. ; qui a. fe< erint who 

would act in opposition, Sail. II. MetoJi..: In 

the contrary case, if not, otherwise, neque 
enim a. esset jus, Cic. ; a. amicitiae stabiles perma- 
nere non possunt. Id. 

aLITuRA, m,/. (alo). A nourishing, rear- 
ing, Gcll. 

ALiTUS, a, um, part, o/alo. 



ALItJBT, adv. (aliua, ubi). Elsewhere, in an- 
other pitice (/(f;-//ie /no7-e comm. alibi), vetarit hoc 
a. venti, Pliii. ; a. atque a. apparere, now here, now 
there, Sen. 

ALIUM. Sep. Allium- 

lLiUNDE,n(/u. (iilius, unde). From elsewhere 
{of piace, but also of person's and things), from 
another place, person, or thing, assumpto 
a. uti bono, C'ic. ; ut totum opus non a. constut, of 
noUuiig else, Plin. ; 6enno a. alio transsiliens, leap- 
ing from one subject to another. Sen.; qui a. sttt 
semper, a. sentiat, to he on one side and take part 
wuh the other, Liv. 

aLiUS, a, ud, gen. alius [the old form, alls, alid, 
Lucr. ; gen. sing. m. alii, Cat. ; /. ahai, Luer. ; dat. 
aliitj, Pliiut.J (aAAos). I. A) Another, other [of 
many, opp. alter, one of two\, aliud alio melius, one 
better than another. Cic. ; aliud ex nlio, one afia- an- 
other. Id. ; ha^c a. quaestio est, Id. In connection 
with the indfjinite pro-nouns, quis, quidara, qiiispi- 
am, uUus, <fec. ; Q,. Fabium Labeonem seu quern a, 
arbitrum Nolanis datum, some other one, Id. ; polli- 
ceri tabulas nuvai?, sacerdotia, rapinas, alia omnia, 
and all other things, Sail. In comparisons, commonly 
connected with atque, flc, et, or, if preceded by a ne- 
gation, or a negative qnestion, with nisi and quam ; 
longe alia nobis ac tu scripseras nunciantur, things 
far diffi-rcnt from what you had written, Cic. ; aliud 
mihi ac tibi. Id. ; non a. ullus sermo nisi de te. Id. ; 
est virtus nihil aliud quara in se perfecta etad sum- 
mum perducta natura, Id. With praster : nee quis- 
quam aliud est philosophia pra;ter studium sapien- 
tiffi. Id. With a compar. abL: nee quidquam aliud 
libertate communi, nothing else hut, Brut. ap. Cic. ; 
neve putes alium eapiente bonoque beatuni, Hor. 
It is frequently repeated, and Uttm means the one 
. ..the other, or on e .. .another, &,c. : alius alio 
more viventes, Living one in one way, anoi/ier in 
another. Sail. ; alio atque alio loco requtescere, in 
one place and another, in different places. Id. ; febres 
alias aliifique subinde oriuiitur, different, Cels. With 
suhj. clauses, aliud . . . aliud sometimes expresses the 
difftrenre of two acXions or circumstances : aliud est 
maledicei-e, aliud s>iiQ.xisare,one thing, another. Quint. 
The phrase nihil aliud nisi (quam), loiih a verb fiuii. 
or part, is equivalent to the Gr. ovSkv aAAo ^, nothing 
but, solely, ezclusively : ut nihil aliud nisi de hoste ac 

de laude cogitet, Cic. B) E.3p. 1) In the language 

of augurs, alio die. to erprcss that the Comiiia, on 
account of some bad omen they had observed, were to 
he put off to som.e olhf.r day, Cic. 2) Of an other, 
i.e. of a different nature, different, homi- 
nes alii tacti sunt. Id. Frequently as a polit. t t.: 
senatus t'requens in alia omnia transiit, to the appo- 
site opinion, Hirt. II. Mrtnn. A) For reliqui, 

of the remaining parts of a whole, Remain d er, 
the rest, Divitiaco ex aliis Gallis maximam fidfin 

habebat Cass.;, a. multitude tergn vertit. Liv 

B) For alter, Another of two, duo Romani su- 
per alium alius corruerunt. one upon another. Liv. ; 
thus in en^nncratinns : Gallia est omnis divisa in 
partes tres, quarum unam incolunt Bek'ai. aliam 
Aquitani, tertiam Celtaj, Ca^s. ; mid wuh proper 
names u.'nd as appellatives : ne quis alius Ariovistns 
regno Gallinrum potiretur, a second Ariov/.'^'us, 
Tac. : alium Neronein opinabantur, a second JVcro, 

ALIUS, a, um,/or Elius (see Alis). Elian, of 
or belonging to Elis, Plaut. 


XLTUS-MODI (alius, modus ; also written sepa^ 
raiely). Of another kind, res a. est ac putatur, 

ALIUS-VIS, aliavis, aliudvis (alius, volo). Any 
one else, aliumvis magistrum quterere, Cic. 

AL-LaBOR (ad, labor), psus, 3 v. dep. To 
glide to, slide to, arrive at, reach, angues 
ex occulto nllnpsi, Liv, ; a. Curetura oris, to glide 
■np to, to reach, Virg. ; mare a. crescenti a^stu, fiows, 
rises toward. Id. 

AL-LaBoRO (ad, laboro), 1 v. a. To toil or 
labor at any thing, allaborandura est tibi, Hor.- 
to add with labor or pains, myrto nihil a.. Id. 

ALLACE-YMO, are, v. a., and ALLACRYMOR, 
ari, V. d. To weep at any thing, Juno allacry- 
mans, Virg. 

AL-LAMBO, ere (ad, lambo), v. a. 1. To lick 

any thing, a. era, Prud. II. Meton. : To tou ck, 

allambentes flammae. Quint. 

ALLAPSUS, a, um. pari. o/alJabor. 

ALLAPSUS. us, m. (allabor). A gliding, go- 
ing toward, or approaching nnobservedly or 
witli a gentle motion, serpentium a., Hor. 

AL-LATRO (ad, lati-o), 1 7?. a. Prop.: To bark 
at, a. eunti, Aur. Vict; hence, I. To assail wiik 
harsh language, rail at, a. Africani raagnitudi- 

nem, Liv.; a. alqra, Mart. II. Of the roaring 

ofthesea: To dash against, tot marin a. oram 
Peloponnesi, Plin. 

ALLATUS, a, um, part. o/"affero. 

ALLECTO, 1 V. frequ. (allicio). To allure. 

1. Prop. : a. boves sibilo, Col. II. To 

entice to, to invite, ad agrum fruendum allectat 
senectus, Cic. 

ALLECTOR, oris, m. (allicio). A decoy-bird, 
a. avium, Col. 

ALLECTUS, a. um. L Part, of allege.- 

II. Subst., allectus, i, m., A supernumerary mem- 
her of a college, Varr. 

ALLeGaTiO (adl.), onis, /. L A sending 
away, or dispatching, allogationes diificiles, 
Cic. 11. A Lawt.t.: An allegation or ad- 
ducing any thing by icay of proof, the alleging 
of a cause fiir doing any tiling, Ulpian. 

ALLeGaTUS, us, m. A sendin g, meo a. ve- 
nit. Plaut. 

AL-LeGO (ad, lego). 1 v. a. I. To dispatch 
or depute [e.'^p. as a negotiator of a private affair], 
a. araicos, Ciu. ; a. homines ad alqm or aUui, la 
the part., subst., allegati, Depuiirs. inter allegatos 

alcjs, Cic. II. Maon. A) To appoint avy 

one, set any one on, to suborn, a me allegntum 

senem, Ter. B) To bring forward, by way 

of sptnking or cttirig, to mention, adduce, n. 
exemplum, Plin.; a. merita, Suet.; a. mandata al- 
cui. to bring or carry, Tac. 

AL-LeGO (fld, lego), egi, ectum, 3 v. a. To add 
to a college by e/ccn'oTz," omnibus Druidibus prffi- 
est unus : hoc mortuo, si sunt plures pares, suftra- 
gio Druidum nllegitur, Cass.; a. alqm in senatum, 

ALLEGCiRIA, ve,f. (oAAijyopia). An allegory, 

ALLeVaMENTUM, i,7?.(all^vo). A means of 
lightening, a support, sine ullo a., Cic. 

ALLkVaTIO, onis,/ (allgvo). A lifting^rais- 
ing, or drawing up. I. Prop.: huinerorum a., 

Quint n. Meion.: A lig htening, mitigO:- 

tion, alleviation, a. doloris, Cic. 


AL-L£VO (nd. levo), 1 v. n. To lift or raise 
up, eriici.. I. Prop.: a. nrtus, to lift up, Ov. ; a. 
bi'uchium, inanum, poUicem, Quint. ; a. supercilia, 

Id.— II, Fi^. A) To lighten, mitigate, al- 

Isvi ate, a. onus, Cic; a. sollicitudines, Id. ; allovor 
quum loquor tecum absens, I fnd myself relieved, 

Id.; allevatfti notaj, weakened, Tac. B) To 

raise, distinguish, Flor. 

AL-LeVO (ad, levo), also allffivo, are, v. a. To 
make sjnooth, to polish, a. nodos, Col. 

ALLKX, icis, m. The thumb, great toe: — fa- 
cets, MH. of a little man : a. viri,-fl mtre shrimp, a 
thumblrng, Plaut. Others read hallex. 

ALLIA, ifi, /. The Allia, a small river which 
falls into the Tiber about six miles above Rome, near 
which tlip. Romans sustained a memorable difeat by 
the Gauls, July 16, B.C. 390, now Rio di Masso, 

ALLIaTUM, i, rt. (allium). Garlic-sauce, 

AL-L!CiO (ad.lacio), lexi, lectum, 3 [alliceo, al- 
liuui, ere, Auct. ap. Priac], y, o. 7'o allure, draw 
on, attract, a. animos ad benevolentiara, Cic. ; a. 
ferrum, to attract. Id. 

AL-LiDO (ad, leedo), si, sum, 3 v. a. I. To 
dash, throw against, pars ad scopulos allisa, 

Cajs. II. Fig.: To damage, endanger, to 

wreck {the image taken from sitipwreck), a. virtu- 
tem, Sen.; in quibus (damnntiombuB) Servius alli- 
8US eat, was exposed to dange?; Cic. 

ALLiENSIti, e (Allia). Of or belonging to 
the River Allia, A. pugna, the battle of the Allia, 
Cic; also called, A. clades^ Liv.; dies A., the day 
of the Allia ; the day of this battle {July \Qth), con- 
sidered as an unfortmiaXe day, Id. 

ALLIeNUS, i, «i. Allienus, a Roman proper 
name, Cic. 

AhhlFJE, arum,/. AlHfce, a town of Samnium, 
now A I ife, Liv. 

ALLIFXNUS.a, um(Allitte). Of or belonging 
to Allifa, Allifanian, A. ager, Cic; pocula, 
Hor. Subst., Allifani, orum, The inhabitants 
of AlliftE, Plin. 

ALLICjaTIO (adl.), onis, / I. A binding to 

any thing, arbustorum a.. Col. II. Meton., 

concr.: A band, ligament, Vitr. 

ALLIGATOR (adl.), Oris, m. One who binds 
or ties one thing to another, a tier {of vines), alli- 
gatoria cura. Col. 

ALLiGATuRA(adl.),8e,/ A ligature, band 
or tie {of vines), infra insitionem et a., Col. 

AL-LIGO (ad, ligo), 1 v. a. To bind or tie one 
thing to another. I. A) Prop.: a. ad etatuam, Cic ; 

a vine to trees, Col. B) Meton. 1) To tie, biTid, 

Wrap up one thing with another, oeulus alcjs alli- 
gatus, bound t/p, blindfolded, Cic; a. caput land, 
Mart; a. vulnue, to tie up, dress, Liv. 2) Gen.: 
To bind fast, bind, fasten, victus aliigari se 
patitur, suffers himself to be bound or fettered, Tac. ; 
ancora a. naves, holds fast, Virg. ; a. colorem, to 
fix, make fast, Plin. ; lac alligatum, curdled, Mart. 

II, Fi^.: To tie, bind, oblige, obligate, 

lex omnes mortales a., Cic. ; a~ ee scelere, to make 
one's self g7u.lty, to bind one^s self, Id. 

AL-LSNO (ad, lino), levi, litum, 3 v. a. To 
smear, daub. I. Prop.: a. atrum signum vcrsi- 

bus, to affix a black maj'k, to mark, Hor. II. 

Fig.i a. vitia sua alteri, to impart, Sen. 

ALLlSUS a^ um, part, of alUdo. 


ALLIUM {compare aAAa?, akin to German lauch, 
English leek), li, n. Garlic. PlauC; Hor.; Plin, 
Proa., olere a., to smell of garlic ; i. e. to look poor 
or needy, Varr. [hr.w.e the Fr. ail]. 

ALLOBHOGES- See Allobrox. 

ALLOBROGICUS, a, um (Allohrox). Of or 
pcrtai niv g to the Allobroges, A. vinum, 
Cels. ; A. vitis, Plin. Subst. : used as a surname of 
Q.. Fabiu!? Maximus, as the conqueror of the Allo- 
broges, Veil. 

ALL5BROX, ogis, in the phir. All6br5ges, um, m. 
{ace. sing. Allobrogu, Juv.) An Allubrogian, 
one of the Allobroges, a people living in Gallia 
Narbonensis, between the Rhodanus (Rhone), and 
Isara {I sere), CmB.; Cic; Liv. 

ALLGCtJTIO (alloquor), onis, /. 1. An ad- 
dress, inchoare a., Suf t. ; vertere a., to alter, Plin. 

11. Esp. : An exhortation, consolation, 


ALLOCuTUS, a, am, part, o/ alloquor. 

ALLOQUiUM (alloquor), ii, n. An address, 
exhortation, consolation, a. leni pellicere 
homines, Liv. ; a. militem firmare, Tac. In the 
pliir. : a. dulcia, Hor. ; longis a. producere noctem, 
la conversation, Luc. 

ALLOQUOR (ad, loquor). cutus, 3 v. dep. a. To 
address, speak to anyone {salnting, requesting 
consoling), quern nomo a. vellet, Cic. ; senatum al- 
locutu.s, Tac; a. deura. to call on, implore, Virg.; 
allocutum mulieres eunt, to console, comfort, Vorr. 

AL-LtJBESCO, ere (ad, lubet), v. inchoat. To 
begin to please, to please, jam allubescit, 

AL-LtJCEO (ad, luceo), xi, 2 v. n. and a. I. 
Neutr. : To shine at or upon any thing, nisi ali- 
qui igniculus alluxerit, Sen.; nobis alluxit (ignis), 

shone as a good omen. Suet. II. Act.: To 

give light for any thing, a. faculam alcja rei, 
fig. to offer opportunity for any thing, Plaut, 


AL-LuDiO (ad, ludo), are, v. n. To begin to 
jest or joke, quando adbibero, alludiabo, Plaut 
Of caressing dogs. Id. 

AL-LODO (ad, ludo), usi, usum, 3 v. a. \. To 
play near or with anything, to joke, jest, al- 
ludens varie et copiose, in a sportive or playful man- 
ner, Cic. ; Cicero Trebalio alludens, joking with. 
Quint. ; a. occupato, to interrupt a busy person by 
jokijig, Phaidr. ; a. Homeri versibus, to allude to, 

V. Max. II. Meton., of things {water, wind, and 

the like): To play against, mare terram appe- 
tcns litoribua alludit Cic ; alludentxbus undis, Ov. ; 
poet, with ace, Catull. 

AL-LtiO (ad, luo), ui, 3 v. n. I. To wash 
against, alluuntur a mari moenia, Cic; fluvius 

latera hffic alluit, Id. -11. Fig. : Massilia bar- 

bariee fluctibus alluitur, is washed, is surrounded, 

ALLtJVIES, ei,/. (alluo). I. Sea or river wa- 
ter that overflows the land, in proxiraa a., Liv. 

II. Melon.: Mud or slime occasioned by an 

inundation of water, fiuminum alluvie. Col. 

ALUOViO, onis,/. (alluo). I. The rising or swell- 
ing of a river, an. ove rfl owing or inundation 
of water, a flood or deluge, aquarum alluvioni- 

bus, App. II. In Law, t. t. : Alluvial soil, 

land or soil washed up by a river. Dig. In the plur.: 
jura alluvionuin, the right of possession in the case 
of alluvial soil. Cic. 



ALMO. onis, m. The Almo. a small river rear 
Roriif. luiw A I 'II o II r, Ov. : as a rivpr-ileiiij, id. ; Cic. 

Ai.-MtV, ii, urn Kj'ori\hm\\^.J'Tovi alo). Nuiirish- 
iiiu, liU-rii lu'S; bnn-i-, rrfrfsking, recrr.n- 
tiiio^ comfiiriiiiM, char in in gjii n d, fr i en il- 
ly, )t. in.iLr ri rrti, Lucr. ; a. Ceres, Virg. ; a. sol, 
Ilur. : a.eii, t;rJo3, Prop. 

ALNl'.US. a, urn (dlnue). Of alder, Vitr. 

AI.NUri, i, f. \I'-<:I- Hlinr, Germ eller, Engl. 
aldirj. An aldir, Pliii. ; thv earliast icuad nsed 
fur yhi/jJj'iild/i,g ; hmc-H [poet, a ship, alnos flLivii 
seiiserc, Virg. ; henre the Fr. n line]. 

Al,0, iiKii, iiltum ['ir iiliHim). 3 {ptJn. perf, altus 
ill <'[•. II III .Siill, nflnward alitua, Cui't.. to diaim- 
jj I ■■', /, / ivi lh<' adj.), r n. (S'insirif. nl. Gr. aASe'co, 
A.<t. ulij', ,idu)fSCO; /'■(/. a! a, lofdlfecd) !. To 
., ', II r /;<li, mniv tfi,i/t, snppnrt [wil/iont dtttrm- \ 
iiiins thf mtrnns, opp. imtiire, to suppnrl bij animal 
fond], qiium figellu^ ciuii non sutis tdertt. support, . 
Cic: quil'us aiiimiintes aluiitur. Id ; a. se suo.iqiie 
latroi-iijiis, C.i-s. ; all hwiv, came, locusris, i^c, to \ 
live, ferd iipim, Cic; PJiii. Poet.: imbrex a. am- 

ncm. enlarge, stcetl, Ilor. II. To foster, 

cherish, promote, snpporl, lionos alit artes, 
Cu- ; mens discendo nlitur, Id. 

Al.Ofc:, e^, /. (aAoT)). The nloe-, Plin, ; used as 
medicine. ( '.-Is. Fig. {for its bitterness) : plus aloes 
qaiiTn tnellis, Juv. 

aLoKUS (^trifijlL), ei and eos, m. ('AAwev?). 
Aloe OS, the iinme of a giant, the father of Otus and 
Ephifdtrs. Luc; IJy::. 

iLOGiA, iti.f (^aXoyia.). Want of reason or 
sense, folly, lie tibi aiogins excutiam. Sen. 

AL01O..E, arum. m. CA^^uielSai). T)ie sons of 
Aloeus, namely. Oms and Ephialles, Vir" 

ALoPi':ClA, ai, /. (aAwTrefcia, aAunrjj^). The 
fox-evil, a disease causing the hair to fall off by 
the roots, Ulce the mange of faxes, the scurf, scald, 
scald head, Plin. 

ALPES, ium (sometimes in the sing. Alpis, is), /. 
(Clitic alb or alp, lofiy.) The Alps, Cic; CaiS.; 
Plin. Poet., for any chain of mountains : gemiiiffi 
A., the Alps and Pt/revees, Sil. 

ALPHA. 71. ivd.'(a\(}>a). 1. TJie A in Greek, ante 
alphii et beta, i. e. before having learned to read, 

Juv. il. Meton.: The first in any thing, 

quod alpha disi te. the first. Mart. 

ALPHE5EAS, adis,/. ('AA^Tjla?). The vymph and 
fountain Arethusa, that mingles its stream with 
the Alphens, Ov. 

ALPHENOR, oris.m. Aljyhenor, asonofNiobe 
and Ampliion, Ov, 

ALPHkSIBCEA. se,/. CAA.</)eo-i|8ota). Alphesl 
baa. dangJiter of Phegeus, king of Arcadia, wife of 
Alcmaon, Prop 

ALPHeSiBCEUS, i, m. Alphesibceus, thename 
of a shephird, Virg. 

ALPI-IkUS (trisylL) or ALPHeOS, i, m. ('AA- 
(^etd?). The Alphens, a river of Arcadia and 
Elis. fabli-d to Jlow under the sea and rise again in 
Sicily, where it joins the Arethusa. Ov. AdJ , Alphe- 
us, n, um ("AAi/jeto?), Of or belonging to the 
Alphens, Alphcan, A. Fissi, in Elis. Vivg. 

ALPICUS, a, um. Of or belonging to the 
Alps, Inscr. Subst., The inhabitants of the 
Alpn, Nop. 

ALPlNtJS, a. um (Alpes). Of or helov ging 
to tht, .lips, Alpine, A. nivce, Virg.; A. gentcs, 
tribes inhabiting the Alps, Liv. ; A.liostis, the Gauls, 

who passed over the Alps in their way to Italy, Ov.; 
A. miii'fs, marmots, I'lin. 
ALPIri. .sVe Alpes. 

ALSlENrilS. e. Ofnr belonging to tf^toten 
A is i am, in Alsiensi (agro), Cic; A. populus, Liv. 
ALSlor^US, a, um (alriiua). iSuscepiible of 
cold, chilly, pecua a., Varr. 

ALSlUM, ii, n. Alsinm, one of (he mostancient 
towns of Eiriiria. now Palo, Veil. P. ; Sil. 

AL:SiUri or ALSUri. a. um (algeo). Chilly, 
cold, cool, alsiii corpora, Lucr. ; llu- form ulaue 
nsed only in ihe compar. a.. Antio nihil alcius, Cic. 

AL81LI3, a, um Of Aisiam, in Etruria, litua 
A., Sil. : A. tellus, Rutil. 

ALTAR. ari3, n. St:c Altabia. 
ALTaRiA, lum [only in late Latin in the sing. : 
altare, idtnr, ond altariumj n. (,aUn ara). I. A high 
altar, dedicated to 'he gods above, (whereas ara is a 
lower altar, cmployid in sacrificing to the gods be- 
low), duo altana Phoebo, Mr::. : inter aras et altaria, 
Plin. Pan.; conspergunt aras adolentque a)t>iiia 

dunis, Lucr. -II Smiilimcs, ikongh very rarely, 

altare '-■ nsed to denote l/ie snperslructiirf, and ara 
the lja,-e of mi altar, Solin. ; Prudent [Utnce the Fr. 
au tel ] 
ALTaRiUM, ii. See Aitaria. 
A1.'VE, ado. L A) On high, highly, videote 
a. spectare, Cic; a. extolUTH pugionem, Id.; a. ca- 
dere.//-om 071 high. Id. — B) Fig.: ingf.-nium altie- 

sime assurgit, Plin. II. A) Deeply, sulcua al- 

tiud impressu.s, Cic; t'errum baud alte in corpus 

descendisse, Liv. B) Fig. : iudignum iia, qui al- 

tius pei'spicieltant penetrated mure deeply, Cic.; a. 
H'petere or petere, to fetck from far ; altius expe- 
dire, to relate from tlie beginning, Tac. ; verbum 
altius transferre, to carry too far the mctapkoriea] 
meaning of a word, Cic. 

ALTER, tera. terura (gen. alterius; dot. sing- 
commonly alteri; rarely altero, Cic; fern, alters, 
I'er. ; Nep.) (akin to Sanscr. antara; Lith. an 
tars; Lett. 6trs; Golk. antars; Gr. erepo?; 
'^ Eng. other), I. A) One of two. ait other of two 
I (opp. alius, another of .'iexeral), necesse est sil al- 
terum de diiobus, Cic ; alter con=ulum, Liv. ; a. ex 
censoribus. Id.; bin as a te accepi litcraa, quanim 
I alteris mihi gratulabare, in one tif wkirJi, Cic; hoa 
libros alteros quinque, these other fivf.. Id. In dis- 
trihiUive clauses: alter ... alter, ur alter. .. hie, ille, 
&c., the One... the other: quorum alter exercitum 
I perdidit, alter vendidit. Id. In the plur. : alteri di- 
I micHDt, alteri victort-m timent, the one parly fisk, 

I the other, &.C., Cic. B) E-p. 1) As poUi. t. t. : alter 

ambove, one (of the two co7tsuls) or both, Cic. 2) ft) 
. As a nnmnal: The second, primo die, a. dies, 
I tertiua dies, Cic; proximo, altero, tertio, reliquis 
j diebus, Id. ; alteris mensis, at the dessert (otherwise 
'. mensa seeunda), Hor. ; alter ab illo, the next after 
I him, Virg. b) Unus et a., unus atque a., unus alter- 
que. The one and the other, a) Dfi'iitdlj: 
^ equivalent to Two. un\is et a. dies intercesserat, 
Cic (S) Ivdifinitili/ : This and that, one 01 
two, versus unus et a.. Hor. c) Alterum tantum, 
I As much more, twice as much, pars altero tan- 
to major, Cic 3) IVhli proper names nsed as appd 
I latives: Another, a f^ccovd, H"milcar. Mars a., 
I Liv.; me sicut a. parentem observat, like a second 
father, Cic. ; te me esse alterum, mv ,>th,r self. Id.: 
amicus est tamquam a. idem, anmh-r self Id. 4) 
; Opposite, adverse, the other, alteriiia fectionifl 


principee, Nep. ; a. para, Suet 11, Melon. A) 

For alturuter, Either of two, the one or the 
other, quorum tbrtasse utrumque erit, nlterum 
certe, Cic. ; nee in iilterius favorem incUnatos mine- 

rat, neilliEr to the one nor to the other, Liv. B) 

Siibst.: Another, neighbor, one's feltoiv- 
cr nature, qui nihil alterius causa facit, Cic. 
[Hence the JFr. autre, autrui.] 

ALTERCVnO, onis, /. L A diaputation^ 
contest in words, dies consumptug est altercfi- 
tione, Cic. U. Esp. la a court of justice : A de- 
bate of advocates, Cic. 

ALTERCaTOR, oris, m. One who holds a 
debate with an opponent in a court of justice, a 
pleader. Quint. 

ALTERCO, are, v. a. To dispute, quarrel, 
cum pfitre altorcasti, Ter. In the pass. : dum de 
hia altercatur, Justin. 

ALTERCOR, 1 v. dep. (alter). I. A) To dis- 
pute, wrangle, quarrel, altercari incipit, Cses. 

B) Esp. ill Law, t. t.: To debate, plead, in 

altercnndo invenit parem neminem, Cic. II. 

Fig.: To contend, struggle, altercante libidi- 
nibus pHvore, Hor. 

ALTERNE, adv. By turns, alternately, 
Sen. ; Plin. 

ALTERNiS. See Alternus, at the end. 

ALTERNO, 1 V. a. and n. (alternus). I. Act. : 
To do a thing by turns, to alternate, a. 
vices, to interchange, Ov. ; hirundines alternant ci- 
bum, feed their youjtg ones by turns, Plin. ; a. fruc- 
tus, to bear fruit every other year, Id.— -—II. Neutr. : 
To interchange, alternantes proelia miscent, 
fight by turns, Virg. ; a. cum symphonia, recipro- 
cating, Plin. ; h£ec alternanti potior sententia visa 
est, while he was doubtful, hesitating, Virg. 

ALTERNUS, a, um {contr.for alterinu8,/rowi al- 
ter). I, Alternate, reciprocal, interchange- 
able, a. trabibus ac saxis, while beams and stones 
were alterriating with each other, Caes. ; alterno pede, 
Hor. ; a. fcedua amicitite, mutual, Catull. ; a. ripee, 
opposite, Stat. ; a. verbis laudans, with evsry other 
word, Liv. ; amant alterna Camoente, alternate song, 
Virg. ; alternis aptum sermonibue, for dialogue, 

Hor. II. Esp. A) Metr.t.t.: Alternating 

with hexameters and pentameters, elegiac, pedes 

a., Cic. ; epigramma a, versibus longlusculis, Id. 

B) In Law, t. t.: a. consilia or a. judices rejicere, 
to rfject the judges by turns (the defendant and the 
plaintiff), Cic. — C) Adv. 1) altertihin. plur.). Al- 
ternately, by turns, App. 2) alternis (sc. vici- 
bus), same, Liv. ; Sen. ; Plio. ; Virg. 

ALTeRORSUS. See Altborsus. 

ALTeR-OTER, alterutra (more frequent than al- 
tera utra), alterutrum (more frequent than alteram 
utrum, and thus gen. alterutrius, dat. alterutri, gen. 
and dat. f. alterutrse, &c.). I. 07ie of two, the 
one or the other, necesse esse alterutrum, the 
one thing or the other, Cic; in alterutro peccan- 

dum, Id. II. Melon, for uterque : Both, ne- 

cessarium fuit alterutrum, foris et sub dio esse, 
both wo'c necessary. Col. 

ALTfiRtJTRIMQUE, adv. On both sides, 

ALTHAEA, SB,/. ('A\&ata). AlthiBat themother 
of Meleager, Ov. 

ALTICINCTUS, «, ura (alte, cinctus). Girt 
high, Phffidr. 

ALTILIS, e (alo). L Intended for fatten- 

ing, fatted, fat, bovea a., Varr. ; n. cochtem, 
Plin. Subst., altilis, Fatted poultry, esp. fowls, 
eatur altillum, Hor.; minor a., Juv. Of plants: 
Fat, thick, a. asparagi, Plin, Melon., of other 

things : Rich, dote a., Plaut. II. Act. : Naur- 

ishing, a. sanguis, Macr. 

ALTlNAS, atis, m. An inhabitant of Alt i- 
71 um, PHtj. 

ALTlNUM, i, n. Altinum, a municipal town 
among tJieVeiteii, now Altino. Plin.; Mart. 

ALTlNUS, a, um (Altinum). Of or belong- 
ing to A Uinum, Col. 

ALTItSONUS, a, um (alte, sonua). I. High- 
sounding, sounding from on high, a. cnr- 

do, Enn. ; Juppiter a., Cic. poet— ^ XI, Melon. 

Of pods : Hig h- sounding, sublime, TAavowSa 
a. carmina. Juv. 

ALTiTHNANS, antis (alte, tonans). L Thun- 
dering from on high, Juppiter a, Enn. ; pater 

a., Cic. poet. II. Melon.: Roaring aloud, 

a. Vulturnua, Lucr. 

ALTITUDO, inia,/. (altUB). Height, altitude, 
depth. I. Height, altitude. A) Prop.: a. tedi- 
um, Cic; a. raontium, Id. B) Fig.: Height, 

loftiness, elevation, a. orationis, Cic. ; a. nnimi, 
greatness of soul, nobleness of spirit, magnanimiti/, 

Gell. II. Depth. A) Prop.: spelunca inlinlta 

altitudine, Cic; a. liuminis, Ca;s. ; a. plaga;, the 
depth of a wound, Cela. — B) Fig.: .Dep} h, nn- 
fathomableness, impenetrability of soul, 
a. animi, impenetrability, power of disguising one's 
sentiments, Cic; a. ingenii, Sail.; egit (Tiberius) 
altitudine animi, impenetrable reserve or closeness, 

ALTiUSCtiLUS, a, um (altu.9). Rather high, 
uti calceamentis a,, Suet. 

ALTiVOLANS, antis (alte, volans). Flying on 
h igh, genua altivolantum, Enn. ap. Cic. ; a. rota 
Bolis, Lucr. 

ALTiVOLUS. a, um (alte, volo). Flying on 
high, aves a., Plin. 

ALTOR, oris. m. (alo), A riourisher, sup- 
porter, omnium rerum a. est mundus, Cic; a. 
Ca3sari5, Tac. 

ALTRINSfeCUS, adi\ (prop, alterim-secus, /roTTi 
alter-secus). I. Oit the other side, tu tpneto a , 

Plaut. E.'ip.: Inward, App. — II. O?: both 

sides, ab utraque parti' : venientes a.. Lact. 

ALTRIX, icis,/. (alter), A female nourish- 
er, ut terra a., Cic. Of a wet-nurse, nurse, Id. 
Adj.: Nourishin g, altricis Apuliffi, Hor. 

ALTROVORSUJ\I, contracted altrorsus, adv. (al- 
terversum). On the other side, ab altera par- 
te, Plaut. 

ALTUiM, i. See Altus, 

ALTUS, a, um. 1. Part, of alo. U. Adj. 

(made great, great ; hence, according to the position 
of the beholder). High or deep. A) High. 1) 
prop, a) agger, altus pedes LXXX, Cms. ; altia- 
simi nioiites. Id.; latera pedem alta, afoot high, 
Sail, b) Subst., altum, i, Height, a) Gen.: edi- 
tusiu altum, Cic. ^) Esp.: The high sea, the 
deep, in alto JHCtari, Cic. ; naves in altum provec- 
tm, Cies. The height of heaven, height, heav- 
en, M.a\A genitum demisit ab alto, Virg. 9) Fig.: 
High, lofty, great, loud, shrill, clear, and 
the like, in altiseimo gradu dignitatis, Cic. ; aita 
mente pried\tus,high-mi7ided; altissimi soni, Quin- 
til. ; conclaraare altiore voce, Catull. — B) Deep. 


1) Prop. : altiasimiB radices, Cic. ; altisaima flumi- 
na, Ctes. ; fosste quinos pedes altae, Id. 2) Fi^. 
n) a. somnus, Liv. ; a. sopor, Virg. ; a. eOentium, 
Id. ; altissima eruditio. Quint. ; a. mens, Virg. ; a. 
animus, Liv. b) Subst., altum. The depth, the 
interior, non ox altu venire nequitiam. Sen. ; ex 
alto re-pctita, fetched from far, Cic. 

ALTUS, us, in. (alo). A nourishing, terrae 
altu, Macr. _ 

ALuCINATiOCalucinor), onis./. Foolery, rev- 
eries, fancies, vestras a. fero, Sen. 

aLuCiNOR (belter than all. or Hall., okin to 
akviii, olXtjctkuj, "-to ipander"), 1 v. dep. To rave, 
to dream, to trifle, qUHS Epicurus alucinatus 
est, Cic. ; epistolisj debent interdum a., to digress 
freeh/. Id. 

ILUMEN, inis, w. Alum, Plin. 

XLuMINaTUS, n, um (alumen). Containing 
alum, aluminous, a. aqua, Plin. 

aLuMINoSUS, a, um. Full of alum, Plin. 

ALUMNA, m. See Alumnus. 

aLUMNUS, a, um (alo). A pupil, nursling, 
faster-child, dulcis a., Hor. ; carua a., Virg. ; 
a. Platonia, a pupil, a disciple of Plato ; a. sutrinffi 
tabernffi, an apprentice, Tac. ; a. legionum, brought 
vp in the camp. Id. In the fern., alumna, a^, A fos- 
ter-daughter, foster-child, nostra ha^c a., 
Plaut. ; civitatis quasi a. eloquentia, Cic. 

XLUNTlUM, ii, 7i. ('AAouvnoi' and 'AAoi/rior). 
A I iiv ti It m, a town on the uorthern coast of Sicily, 
famed for its wine, Plin. Hf-nce, adj., AluntTnus, a, 
um, Of or belong ing to Aluntiuni.A. viuum, 
Plin. Subst., The inhabitants of Aluntium, 
Plin. _ 

XLuTA. ffi, / {probably from alumen). I. A 
soft leather (prepared with alum), alutaa tenui- 

ter conf'ectjB, Ctes.-; IL^ Meton. -.Any thing 

made of it or resembling it ; a shoe, Ov. ; Juv. ; 
a baff, purse, Juv, ; a beauty-spot for the face, Ov. 

ALVeaRiUM, ii {also nlveare, is), Ti. (nlveua ; 
prop, a btUyiiig vessel; hence) A bee-hive, hive, 
a. vimine texta, Virg.; in nlveariis apum, Plin.; 
also. A hee-ho7tse, an apiary, a. facere, Varr. 

ALVeaTUS, a, ^im (alveus). Hollowed out 
in the form of a tiay, sulcus a.. Cat. 

ALVeOLATUS, a, um (alveus). Deepened 
like n small trny, Vitr. 

ALVeOLUS, i. m. dim. (alveus). I. A small 

tray or trough, Liv.; a. ligneo. Phaadr. II. 

Miiton. A) A small gaming-honrd, alveolum 

poscere, Cic. B) A small channel of a river, 


ALVeUS, i, m. [alveum, n.. Fast] (alvus). A 

cavity, hollow. I. Gen. : ilicis alveo, Virg. 

IL Esp. A) A trough, tray, in alveo, Cato: Hu- 

itans n., Liv. B) A water-basin, basin, in 

balneum venit...ut in a. dcscendernt, Auct. Her 

C) The bed of a river, tiuminis alveo, Vir:i. ; 

nifjdio a., Hor D) 1) The lower part of a 

ship, hold, alveos nnvium, Sail.; alvci naviuni 
quiipsiiti, Liv.: — hence, 2) Gen.: A small skip, a 

boat, bark, cavatua ex materia n., VlU. E) A 

deep, hollow gaming -board, a. cum tesseris 
lusorius, Plin, — F) A bee-hivc. apes alveo ee 
corilini'iit, Plin. 

ALVUS, i / [tn. prm class.'] (nlo). Prop, any 

thing hiilhw ; hence, I. A) The belly, paunch, 

piirgatio alvi, Cic ; a. solvere. Ci Is. : HetrinL'cro al- 

vxim, to bind, constipate, Id. — B) Meton.: Stool, 


excrement, a. varia, liquida, nigra, pallida, &c., 

Cels. IL The womb, quum prtegnans Dio- 

nysium alvo contineret, Cic. HI. The stom- 
ach, alvi natura, Cic. IV. A bee-hive, alvi 

melle plenas, Plin. 

ILYATTES, is or ei, m. CAAuaT-nj?). Alyattes, 
a king of Lydia, father of Crcesus, Plin. ; Hor. 

JCLrMON, onis, m. Alymon, father of Iphime- 
dia, Ov. 

AM. See Ambi. 

IMaBILIS, e. Worthy of being loved, love- 
ly {of persons and things), filiolam tuam amabilem 
esse scio, Cic. ; atnabilissimum nodum amicititB 
tollere, most agreeable, Id. 

aMaBILiTER, arfr. In a lovely manner, 
amiably, a. in me cogitare, Anton, ap. Cic; vul- 
tum a. posuit, Petr. ; a. ludeiie, Hor, 

aMALTHeA, £6, /. CAfi(iA0€ta), I. A) Amal 
the a, a daughter of Melissus, king of Crete, who fed 
Ju,piter with, goat's milk, Hyg. : — according to others, 
this goat herself ; one of her horns, under the name 
cornu Amaltheaa or cornu Copiaa, was placed in 

heaven as a constellation, Hyg. B) Meton. : Amal- 

thea or Amaltheum, the name of a library, A. mea 

te exspectat, Cic. II. Name of the Cumaan 

sibyl, Tib. 

aMANDaTiO, onis./. A sending away,C\c. 

A-MANDO, 1 V. a. To send away, remove, 

aMaNIENSES, ium, m. Inhabitants of 0^ 
momttaiii chain Am anus, Cic, 

iMANS, antis. I. Part, o/ amo. ^IL.^rf;.: 

Loving, affectionate, kind. Subst.: Awell- 
wisher, patron, friend, homines a. tui, Cic; 
Gives a. patriae. Id. A lover, Ter. ; Ov. 

XMANTER, adr. Lovingly, affectionate- 
ly, friendly, Cic. 

aMANDENSIS, is, 771. (a, manus). A clerk, sec- 
retary, amanuensis. Suet. 

aMaNUS, i, m. A manus, a chain ofmouvtaina 
between Syria and Cilicia, now Alma-Dagh, Cic; 
Plin. The inhnbitants, Amnnienses, Cic. 

aMaRXCiNUS, a, um (amaracum). Of mar- 
joram, a. oleum, Plin.; a. unguentum, Id. Ab- 
soL, amaracinum {sc. unguentum), maTjoram-un- 
giient. Lucr. 

IMaRaCUS, i, c-omm., and amaracum, i, n. (ofii- 
paKO? and andpaKov). Marjoram, Plin. 

IMARANTUS. i, m. ( d/idpaKros, unfading). 
Amaranth, everlasting, Plin. 

AMaRE, adv. Bitterly. Sen. Snperl^ Suet 

aMaRITAS. atis,/. (amarus), Bilternesa, a. 
succi, Vitr. 

XMaRiTiES, ci, f. (amarus). Bitterness, Ca- 

XMaRITuDO, inis, /. (amarus). Bitterness. 

I. Prop.: Of Jlavor,Yi]vr. II. F'g.: Bitter- 

Jtess, u 7} pleasantness, disagrceableness, 
a. odii^ Vnl Max.; a. vocU, disagreeablejuss, Quint 

XMaROR, oris. m.. (amarus). Bitternessi 
anu ihinff bitter, Lucr.; Virs;. 

AMARfLENTUS, a, nm (amarus). Full of 
bitterness, very bitter. T^mon a., Gell. 

AMaRU.-^, a, um. Bitter. I Prop. A)Ofjia- 
yor: a. sapor. Plin. ; a. salices, Virg. ; Doris amara, 
i. e the sen. Id. ; os a , a bittrr taste in the mouth, 

Cels, B) Melon. 1) Of the sense of hearing; 

Harsh, coarse, sharp, sonitu a., Stat, Of tkl 
sense of smelling: Offensive, nasty, di$agre9- 


able, fructus amarua odore. Pliu. 11, Fi^.: 

Bitter, /inpLeasa/it, disagratable, arauresa., 
Vii-g. ; n. dies, Tib. ; a. casus, Ov. ; amuru cura- 
ruin, tkt bitterness of mres, Hor. ; amura, annoy- 
ances, unpleasant nesses, Id. Of speech : Bitter, 
sarcastic, acrimo tilo us, d'ictia a., Ov,; a. sa- 
les, piiiigeiit wit, Qiiinl. Of rkaracter : Harsh, 
ainanoi-ejii me stnectus tacit, Cic. Hence, French 
ame r. 

XMitiENUS, i, 7/i. Atnasemis, a small river of 
Lauurn, jluwing througk the Pontine marshes, 7iow 
A m a s e It u, Virg. 

AftlAdiA, ^,f. ('A/j,acreta). Aviasia, a city of 
Po/itus, on both banks of the River Iris, and the 
birth-place of Mithradatea the Griat and the geog- 
rapher Skrabo, Plin. It is now Am as i ah. 

XMa,.SIS, is, m. {"Aixatrts)- Amasis, the name 
of a king of Egypt, Luc. 

AMaSiUS, ii, m. (amo). A lover, gallant, 

AMASSO, ia, it. See Amo. 

AMAtiTlilS, is,/. ("A/uaa-Tpi?). Amastris, a 
town an the coast of Papldag onia, now Amasera, 
Catull. //e/tce, Amfttiti'Uicua, a, um, Of or belong- 
ing to Amastris, Ov. ; Plin, Amastriani, orum, 
The inhabitants of Amastris, Id. 

IMaTA, SB, /. Am at a, the wife of King Lati- 
nns, Virg. 

IMiTHTlS, uatis (the Greek ace. Amathunta/Ov.), 
/. ('A/xa0oi)s). Am a thus, a rich town un the south- 
ern coast of Cyprus, Virg, ; Ov. ; sacred to Venus, 
who, therefore, was called Amathusia, Ov. ; Tac. 
Hence, adj., XmathusiacuB, a, um, Of or belong- 
ing to A mat has, A. bidentes, Ov. 

XiVlATHuSIA, as, /. A surname of Venus. See 

AMaTIO, onis,/. Aji amour, love-intrigue, 

IMaTOR, 6ns, m. He who loves or is fond 
of ajiy person or tiling. l.Gcn.: A lover, friend, 
vir bonus a. que noster, Cic. ; urbia, ruria a., Hor. ; 
a. aapientiag, Id. ; amatorea Catoni desunt, i. e. read- 
ers of his writings, Id. II. Fsp. : A g allant, 

paramour, lover, adulter an a., Cic; aliud est 
amatorem esse, aliud amantem, one who is always 
in tovej Id. 

AMATORCtJLUS, i, m. dim. A pitiful lover, 

XMaToRIE, adv. Amorously, epistola acrip- 
ta a., in an amatory style, Cic. 

jCMaToRIUS, a, ura (araator). Pertaining to 
(sensual) love, amorous, amatory, frui volup- 
tate a., enjoyment of love, Cic. ; a. virus, an amatory 
potion, love-potion, Plin. ; a. medic amentum, Suet. 
Snbst., amatorium, i, n., A means of exciting 
love, philter (_<pCkTpov), tibi monslrabo a., Sen.; 
a. alcui dare, Quint 

AMaTRIX. icis, /. An amorous woman, a 
woman of strong passions, a sweet-heart, Sap- 
pbo a., Mart. ; dicacula a., Plaut. Adj. : Pfa nton, 
playful, a. aquee, Mart. 

XMaZON, onis, /. ('Afia^ui/, plur. Amazones). 
An Amazon, one of a warlike race of womejL on the 
River Thcrmodon, Virg. ; Val. Fl, Meton. : A fe- 
male adventurer, Ov, 

XMaZONiCUS, a,um (Amazon). Amazonian,] 
Plin.; Suet 

1MAZ6NIS, idis, /. An Amazon, Amazcni- 
dum agmiua, Virg. ; Prop, i 


XMaZONIUS, a, um, poet, for Amazonicua, 
Aviazu iiian^ hlor, ; Ov.; viv A., H'ppoiytus, sou 
of an Amazon by Theseus, id. 
AMB. Sfe Ambi. 

AMBACTUtJ, I, m. {Icel. ambatt; Goth, and 
b a h t H ; Gerta. a m t). A vassal, client, retain- 
er, Cad-s. 

AMBaD-eDO, ere, v. a (To eat or gnaw round ; 
hence) To consume entirely, uxons dotcm 
ambadrdibse, Plaut 

AMHaGKS, is {nam. andgen. sing, doubtful, only 
in the abl. sing., and cumplttf. in the plur, ; gtn. plur. 
iirabagLim), f. (ambi-ago, qa. roundabout ways). 
Turnings, win din g s. I. Prop.: Of roads : 
ambage viaruni {of the mazes oj a labyiimh), Uv. 
In the plur. : itineium a., I'liii. ; lungis a, itur, Clau- 

dian. 11. Fig. A) A rouiidabout way of 

speech, d igression, ne te longis a. morur, Hoi'. ; 
missis a., without circumlocution, directly. Id. — - 
B) Shifts, evasio ns, s ubterfugea, amb ig u- 
ity, immumor a. auarum (pf the Sphinx that itpuke 
enigmatically), Ov. ; "get v..,JiguratiaeUj, mysterious- 
ly, Liv.^ Plin. 
AMBaGO, inis,/., i. q. ambages, Manil. 
AIVIBARVaLIS, e(amb-arvumj. Going round 
the fields, a. hosUm, victims sacrificed fur the fields, 
after having bee^i first carried around them, l-est. ; 

AMB-eDO, edi, esum, 3 (prces. 3 pers. ambeet, 
Fest. ; part.prcBs- ambeud, Lucr.) v. a. To eat or 
g naw round, robora ambesa tlammis, Virg. 
AMBKNS. See Ambedo. 
AMBeSUS, part, o/ambedo. 
AMBI, and abbreviated amb, am, an, an insepara- 
ble prep. (afi^C). All round. In composition: 
ambidtjns; ambages; amicio ; anhelo. 

AMB-fGO, ere, u. a, a7?(Z7i. (ago). Togo round 
or about, to rove or hover round a place. 
1. Prop.: deviis itineribus ambigens pat^iam,^o^//^ 

round, Tac. II. Fig. A) To wander in 

one's thoughts or judgment, i. e. to be in doubt, 
hesitate, 6% uncertain {in Cic. almost always 
impers. and pass.), quale quid sit, arabigitur, is un- 
certain, Cic. ; omuis res habet naturam ambigendi, 
so that (me may dispute pro and con. Id. ; uon am- 
bigitur, with an ace. c. inf., it can not be doubted, Tac. 
Passive: in eo generequod ambigitur intei" peritis- 
simos, of which there is a doubt, Id. B) To con- 
tend, dispute, ambigunt aguati cum eo, qui est 
heres, Cic. ; a. de heruditate, id. ; a. de regno. Liv. 
AMBlGCE, flrfa. I, In an uncertain, waver- 
ing manner, a. pugnare, with doubtful success^ 

Tac. 11, Amb iguo usly, with a double 

meaning, a. dicere, Cic. 

AMBiGOUS, a, um (ambigo; prop., carrying 
hither and thit/ter ; hence), I. Wavering, uncer- 
tain, per a. favorem, toivard both sides, Liv.; a. 
Proteus, i. e. assuming dijjerent forms, changeable, 
Ov. ; a. lupi, they who are now like wolves, naw like 
men. Id, ; baud a. rex, without doubt, with certainty, 
Liv. Subst., ambiguum, Doubt, non habui a., 
Brutap. Cic, II. i^i^. A) Of speech: Ambig- 
uous, of a double or do ubtful meaning, 
obscure, scriptum a.. Cic; a. responaa, Snet, 
Snbst., ambia:uum, An ambiguous, do nbtful, 
obscure speech, ambiguity, arabiguorumcom- 
plura genera, Cic. — B) Insecure, uncertain, 
waver in g, ambig uous, not to be relied on, 
do ubtfu I, and the like, a. fide, Liv. ; pudicitia, Gell. 


Of fortune: Wavering, a. rerum sciens, Tac. 
Wuh a gen.: Wavering in any thing, a. impe- 
I audi, i.rre.iohite wkulhcr or vot to assume Ike rrins of 
empire. Id.; a. pudoris ac nibtus, wavering beLween 
skiimc and frar, Id. 

AMU lO,'4 {iinpf. usiudly amhiebvA; ambibat, Ov.) 
(po) V. a. and n. To go, go round about amj 
thing, i. Gen.: ut turram lunai cursus ambiret, 
Cic. ; a. viciidiii, to go front street to slrtet. Of 
th'n^s {i:-p. ica-tr) : To s urromidy encompass, 
quiim (,i"="l'"") Euphrates nnibiebat, Vtll. ; mare 
a. niurofc, Curt. ; oras (elipei) «mbiit nuro, sur- 

Toiindid, bordered, Virg. II. Esp. A) To go 

round any one in order to address him, to ap- 
proach any one with entreaties, to request, 
solii-.ii, te p.tuper ainbit colotius, solicits, Hor. ; 
a. rtijiiiam utt'tu, Virg.; but a. Latiiium connubjis, 
to cin:nmi-e..t or win the favor of. by theijretext of a 

marriage. Id. B) Of candidates for an ojice : To 

go to ask any one for his vote, to canoass for 
votes, (Jie. 

AMBll'lO, onis,/. (ambio). I. A going round, 
as tkt cani.idattn fur an ojffi.ce used to do at Rome, in 
order to get the vote^ of the vidzens, a canvassing 
for notes, a suing for an office [in a lawful 
way, opp iimbitud, in an unlawful and frauduUnt 
wnij, n.-i by brib-ry, intimidation, and the like], de 

amiiitiun;bus, de cupiditate hoiiorum. Cic. 

II. Gen. A) .-i seeking or striving after one's 
fnvnr, an excess! oe desire to plea>>e, flat- 
tery, jinibitioue bibi, Cic. ; a. re'itigatii. without any 

Jiativry, Hur. B) 1) A seeking of honors and 

rank, love of ho nor. eager desire of honor, 
ambit ion, vanity, me n. quaidam ad honurum 
studiuin duxit, Cic. ; niiaerrima est omnino a. ho- 
norumque coiitentio, Id. 2) Gen.: Exertion, ef- 
fort, quuin admilti magna a. iBgre obtinuisset, 

AMBITloSE. arfy. I. With an eager desire 
to please, with partiality, a. corrigere oratio- 

uein, Cic. i[. A mbitiously, vainly, a. 

ecribere, Cic; a. peteru regnum, Liv. ; umbitiosis- 
einii:: pttere piovinciam, Quint. 

AMBlTioriUS, a, um (,jimbitio). I. Prop.: Go- 
ing round any thing, en compassi n g, wi-'id- 
ing roun d. amnia a., loith many windings, I'bn. ; 
hederis atnbitiosior, rUngiiig ronnd more closely 

than ivy, Hor. II. Fig. A) One who goes 

round to obtain uiher peopW'^ favor, ambit ions, 
desirous of honor or pop ularity, over- de- 
sir o n s to please, vain, r a i n - g I o r i o n s, con- 
ceited, prond, Aic, homo miniine a.. Cic; in 
Graicos a. esse, to stck nfur the favor of the Greeks, 
Id. ; a. orutor, desirous to please. Quint. Of things: 
a. fimifitia, inta-psted friendship, seeking to please 
fur One's own interi.^', Id. ; a. mors, a vainglorious 

death, in order to became celebrated for it, Tuc. [ 

B) Passiv. : That is m nek applied to, sought, 
desired, a. turba (coelestium), Ov.; a. domus, 
mnckfriqncntcd. Id. i 

AMBITUS, H, um, part, o/ Ambio. I 

AMBlTUS. us, m. (ambio). I, Grn.: A going' 
roun d, tur n, revoln/ io n. A) 1) Ge?i.: ambitu | 
breviore lunu tuirit qunm sol. Plin. : a. aquaa pro- ' 
perantia pcragros, rkr meandering, Hor. 2) Co'icr. : 
Circuit, circle; border, cuinpass. a. p«rm», 
Plin. ; L-ai^tra lato a., Tac. ; a. ajdium, the open spare 

left ronnd the house, circuit, C\c. B) \) Fig.: post 

longum seculorum a., circHit, Tac. Ofspeech: Cir- i 


cumlocution, multos ambitus facere. Liv.; per 
a. verborura, by rircnmlocntion, Suet. 2) lih't.: A 
period, a. verborum (si sic periodum appellari 

placet), Cic II. Esp.: An unlawful suing 

for an office, by bribery, intimidation, and the like 
[opp. aml)itio; a lawfat suing for an ofjice], legem 
ambitus tIagitHSli, Cii-.; puiiire ambitum, Id. ; accu- 
sare alqm ambitus, Id- B> Melon.: Vanity, os- 
tentation, vain-glory, boastiv g, display, 
rclinque iimliitum, 8eu. Of speech: Parade, a. 
rerum, Qumt. 

AMBlVAKETI, orum, OT. The Ambivareti, a 
peojile of Gallia, tke clit.nte3 or vassals of the JEdui, 
probably dwtlling north of the latter, Ctee. 

AMBlVARlTI, oium, m. The Ambivariti, a 
people of Gallia, wtst of the Maas, in the neighbor- 
hood of Namitr, Cms. 

AMBIVIUS. L Turpio. A fanw7is aCor in tlie 

time of TfTtuce, in most of whose plays he actrd. Cic. 

AMBO, bffi, bo iacc. plur. jimbo mid anibos) (afi- 
0uj). Both [at once, togeiktr; wkirtas uterque de- 
notes each of two, separately], sunius ambo btlle cu- 
riosi, C'ii'.; duai res in pfittura desidL-rEita; sunt, 
quae amlite in consulatu Muren* proluerunt; ho- 
rum utrumque, &c., Cic Poet, fur duo. two, viase 
tindit in partes a., Virg. 

AMBRaCiA, a;,/. CAfLJipaKia). Ambracia. the 
capital of Epir us, on the Aracktkns, now A rta, Cic; 

AMBRaCiENSIS, e (Ambracia). Ambracian, 
A. legati, Liv. Subst. : The inkab itanta of A., 

AMBRaCioTES, bp, m. CA-H-^paxidiTT}?). Am- 
bracia n, A. vinuin, Plin. 

AMBRaCiU:?, a, um cAmlirMcin). Ambracian, 
Ov. Her. ; Plin.; sinus A.. Liv. ; Mel. 

AMBROSiA, ie,/. (i/x.Spotri'a). L 7'kefood of 
the gods (as nectar, the drink of tke god<), am- 
brosia Di'os aut nL'ftiire laetari, Cic. II. Me- 

ton. : The unguent ofthe gods, Virg.; Ov. 

AiMBROSiACUS, a, um. Ambrosian, a. vitis, 

AMBROPIE. es, or -A. pe, f. ('A/x^potriTj). Am- 
brosia, a daughter of Atlas and Pleionc, one of the. 
Hyndi-.t, Hygin, 

AMBROrilOS, a, um (i/ii^poo-ios). Ambroftial, 
a. dapcs. Mart. ; a. comtf, fragrant with ambrosia, 
Viri; M'tan.: Deliciu us, a.succis, Sil. ; a. pedes, 
immnrhil. Claudian. 

AMiiLB.\I.\. a-, i.-s'inllti ptnr. Amhuhaiw, arum./. 
(from rhr S-ninc). A female flute-play er or 
dan cer. Plor, : SiR-t 

AMHt5L.iCRUM, i, n. (ambulo). A walk plant- 
ed with tree.-;, I'biut. 

AMBOLaTiL.1^*, e (nmlmlo). Going up avd 
down, movable, funduli^ a., Vitr. 

AMBOLaTiO, onis, / (ambulo). I. A walk- 
ins or wall, ing nbo n i, a takin s a walk, am- 
bulationem postmeridianain in .^cudtmia conficere, 

Cic. H. Concr.: A place for walking iti, 

a zcnlk, nihil ti restabat pra-ter baluearia et ambu- 
lationein, Cic. 

AMBCLaTIUNCOLA, w. dnn.f (ambulatio). I. 
A short walk, una a, atque unu.-i sernio, Cic. 

11 C"nn- ; A small place for walking 

in, n short promenade, tv'Ctn a.,'Cic. 

AMBDLaTOR^ oris, 771. One ic h o walki 

about. I. A lovngir, idler. Cat ; Col. 

U. A kawker, pedier, i^fart. 


AMBtiLXToEtUS, a, urn. That serves or is 
fit for walking in, porticus a., Ulpiaii. Me- 
ton.: Of engines, that traverse to and fro, Mova- 
ble, turres «., Auct. B. Alex. ; Vitr. 

AMHOLaTRIX, ids,/. A female loiterer or 
lounger. Cut. 

AMBCLO, 1 ■w. 71. and a. (ambi). To g o or 
walk about, to go fo r a walk, to take a 
walk. I. A) Prop.: qtmm in hortis cum Galba 

ambulavisset, Cic. ; a. in sole, Id. B) Gen. a) To 

continue or keep on going, walk on, go, 
travel, and the like, si recto ambulavcrit, if he 
walked on well, Cic. ; eo modo Ciesar ambulat, 
travels. Id. ; bene ambula, a pleasant jour ney to you. 
Plant. ; a. in jus, to go to law, to take a cause Jnto 
coitri, Plaut. : Ter. ; militcs educimtur (imbula- 
turn, to march, V eg. ; Nilus ambulans, travelling 
on, riin. Impers., nmbulatur, One goes, Varr. 
b) IViih an ace. of the space walked through ; To 
walk through, sail through or over, quum 
Xerxes maria ambulavisset terramque navigaseet, 
Cic; per oranes legea ambulavit, we?it into all the 
laws, Plin. 

AMB-uRO, ussi, ustum, 3 v. a. (prop, to b7irn 
round; hence gen.) I, A) To burn all about, 
singe, scorch, Verres nmbustns incendio, Cic; 
facete, tribunus ambustus. a scorched tribune (who 
was obliged to leave off speaking on account of the 
Jinnies from the burning curia), Id.; magna visi'ru- 
menti ambustn, Tac. — B) Met. t. t. : ambustum, i, 

«., A burn, scald, Plin. IL Melon. A) Of 

cold: Frozen, ambnsti artus vi frigoris, Tac. — 
B) Of fortune : Injured, damaged, ambustiB 
Ibrtunfirnm reliquiad, Cic. 

AMBUSTiO, onis, /. (amburo). In Medic. : A 
burn, Plin. 

AMB-USTCLaTUS, a, um (amburo). Burned 
or roastp.d all round, Plant. 

AMBUSTUM, i. See Ambueo, I. B. 

AMEL-LUS, i, ni. Purple Italian starwort, 
sharewort, elacampane, Virg.; Col. 

XMeNaNUS, i, 7?i. The Amenanus, ariverof 
Sicily, near Catana, Ov. Adj. : A. flumina, Id. 

aMENS, entis (a, mens). T'kat is not in his 
senses, out of his mind, beside himself in- 
sensate, senseless, mad, homo amentissimiis, 
Cic. ; a. animi, distmcted in mind, Virg. ; terrorc 
amens, beside ojie's self with terror, Liv. Of things : 
amentissimum consilium. 

AMENTIA, m, f. (amena). Madness, confu- 
sion of the senses, senselessness, stupidi- 
' ty, senseless behavior, flagrare a., Cic; vis 
amentift) mentem turbaverat, Liv. 

aMENTO, 1 V. a. (amentum), I, To furnish 
with a thong (for hurling), hast* amentatae, 

Cic; so, also, fg. of .speech, Id. II. PoeL: To 

launch, hurl, throw, a. jaculum habena, Luc 
Of wind: araentante Noto, Sil. 

aMENTUM, i, n. (ap, apio, apto. a contraction, 
probably, from a'pimentam). I. A thong or strap 
fastened to a missile weapon, epi3to]a ad a. deligata, 
Cffi9. ; jaculorum amenta, Liv. ; torquere a., Virg. ; 
of a shoe-tie, Plin. 

XMeRiA, He,/. Amp.ria, an ancie>it town of 
Umhria, now Amelia, Plin.; Cic. 

SMeRINUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Auier i a. Am er in e,Tan'a\ce^s A., Cic. \ A ctn'bu- 
lai, Cat; A. salix, Plin. Subst., Amerinit Inkab- 
itante of Ameria, Plin. 


aMES, Itifl, m. (ap, apio, apto). A pole or fork 
for spreading vets with, Hor. LCp. ; Pall. 

AMETHY.STiNATUri, n, um. py earing a of the color of an amethyst. M&vt,. 

iMicTHYrfTiNUc?, a, um (ametbyatus). I. Of 
the color of ametltyst, amethystine, v iolet, 
a. vestes, Mtirt. Subst., amethystina, Garments 

of the color of amethyst, ,Juv. 11. Set 

with amethyst, a. tricntes, Mart. 

AMeTHYSTiZoN, ontie. That comes near 
to an ameihy St in color, a. carbunculi, violet- 
colored, Plin. 

aMeTIIYSTUS, i,/ (,aixe0va-Tog). I. The ame- 
thyst, a precious stone, of a jjJirpie or violet color, 
Plin. II. A kind of vine. Col. 

AMFLEXU3, a, ura,^rt7-(.([imbi-Hecto). Turned 
ro und, GallifB ora grandi circuitu amfiexa, Mel, 


aMiA, te,/ ((i;ata). A tunny, Plin. 

IMlANTUS, i, m. (ajut'acTog, unpolluted). The 
ami an t, earth-flax, asbestos, J'lin. 

aMICA, vn,f (amicus), 1. A female friend, 

amicuJ et coijnutai, Ter. li. Esp.: A mis- 

tress^Cic: Plaut-; Ter. 

XMlUE, adv. (amicus). In a friendly man- 
ner, kindly, benevolently, amicably, a. fa- 
cere, Cic. ; vivcre fideliter, vita^que hominum a,, Id. 

AM-iCIO, icui, or ixi, ictum, 4 [fut. amiciljor, 
Plaut, ; inf. pr.rf amicisse, Protit.], v. a. (am, jacio). 
To throw round or on (of the outer garment), 
wrap round [induere, to put on ; vestire, fo dress], 
amictus toga purpurea, Cic. Poet. : nube amictuy, 
enveloped, inwrapped, Hor. Of inanimate beings: 
To cover, clad, loca amicti nive, Catull. ; amici- 
tur vitibus arbor, Ov. ; amicti vitibus montes, Plor. 

A&IICITER, adv. for amice. In a friendly 
mann er, Plaut. 

liMiCiTIA, a^ /. [gen. sing, nmicitiai, Lucr.J 
(amicu?). I. Friendshij), est mihi a. cum alqo, 
Cic ; amicitiam contrahere, jungere, Id. ; a. colere, 
lueri, Id.; dedere se amiciliifi alcjs, Cass.; repu- 
diare a. nlcjs, Ul. ; renuntiare a. alcui, Liv, Of 
treaties of amity between nations: Ubii amicitiam 
feceniiit, Cies. ; a. populi Romani colere, Sail. ; 

amicitiitj foedus, Liv. II, Melon. Of plants: 

a. e.ctjutai cum fico, Plin.; a. vitiura, Id. 

XMlCiTiES, ci, /., /or amicitia. Fr i end ship, 

AMiCO, arc, v. a. (nmicue). To win any ongs 
friendship, to gain any one's favor or good- 
will, Stat. 

AMICTUS, a, um, ^aW. o/amicio. 

AMICTUS, us, m. (amicio). Dress, attire, 
clothing. I. Meton.: amictum imitnri alcjs, 
Cic ; mihi amictui est Scythicum tegiraen, Id. 

II. Conor.: An outer garment, cloak. 

mantle, a. duplex, made of a double stuff, Virg.; 
Tyrii a., Ov. Poet.: coeli amictus, a garment of 
ether, ether, air, Lucr. ; multua a. nebulae, a thick 
mist enveloping an object, Virg. ; virides amictus, i. 
6. plants ciwtring the ground. Col, poet. 

AMiCfiLA, ai, /. dim. A mistress, sweet- 
heart, Cic. ; Plin.; Suet. 

AMICtiLUM,i, ra. (amicio). I. An over or outer 
garme7tt, a light or loose garment lftrow7i 
over or round the body, a short cloak, Dio- 
nysius Jovi aureum detraxit a., Cic ; amicw amic- 
tus amiculo, Id. 11. Fig.t Cloak, a, gloria* 

cupido, Front. 


JCMiCtlLUS, i, m. dim. A little friend, a 
dear or intimate friend, quid de Docimo a. 
meo? Cic. ; Hor. 

AMICUS, a, urn (amo). Friendly, hind, am- 
icable, be.nevolent; with dai. or absol. : tribuni 
plebis sunt nobis amici, Cic. ; ego amicior Cilicum 
ffirariis qurnn nostro, Id. ; numen a., Virg. ; arnica 
luto am, fond of mud, Hor. Of things: ventus a., 
favorable, Ov. ; a. imbres, Virg. ; amicum est mibi 
{wiih a siibj. clause, as ^iKov ecrTi fioi), I am glad, it 
is agreeable to me, Hor. 

AMICUS, i (amo), m, I. ^ /rzcTi rf, a. exanimo, 
Cic. ; paternus a,, Id. ; amicorum greges, Id. Poet, 
for patronus, a patron, Hor.; Juv. ; for socius, a 

companion, fellow, partner, Ov. \\. Meton. A) 

A friend of the state, a title of fwnor of foreign 
kings or nations allied with the Romans, rex jEgypti 

socius atque a. a Senatu appeliatus, Suet. B) A 

councillor, minister, Nep. ; Suet Hence, Fr. 

AMILCAR. See Hamilcab. 
XMiN.^US (eu3), a, um" {'AfLti-aros). Of or be- 
longing to Aminteum.Amin tEan : A. vites, said of 
vines brought originally from AminiEum in Thessa- 
ly, to Campania in Italy, Virg. 

XMiSiA, le,/. Amisia. 1. A river of Germany, 
now the Ems, Tac. ; Plin. ; Mel. 2. A fortress on 
the left bank of the Ems, perhaps Emden, Tac. 

aMISSiO, onis,/. (amitto). A loss, oppidorum 
o.., Cic. ; a. dignitatis, Id. 

AMISS US, a, um, part, o/ amitto. 
aMISSUS, u3, m., for amissio. A loss, Sicilise 
a.., Nep. 

IMlSUS, i, /. ('Ajutcros). A mis us, a large city 
on the coast ofPontus, now Samsun, Cic. ; Plin. ; 
Mel. Its inhabitants, Amiseni, Plin. 

XMITl, 86,/. A father'' s sister, paternal 
aunt {opp. materna, a mother's sister), Cic; Liv. ; 
a. magna, a grandfather-' s 'avi) sister. Dig. ; a. ma- 
jor, the aunt of a grandfather. Dig, ; a. maxima, the 
aunt of a great grandfather, called also abnmita, 
Id. Hmce, French tante, in old French, ante. 

IMITERNiNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Amitcrnum, Col. Snbst., Amiternini, orum, Th e 
inhabitav ts of Amitermtm, Plin. 

IMiTERNUM, i, v. Amiternum, a town of 
the Sabines, where Sallust was born, now Amatrica 
or Torre d'Amiterno, lAv. 

AM1TERNU3, a, um, poet, for Amiternlnus: A. 
cohors. Virg.; Mart. 

A-MITTO, isi, iasum, 3 [amieti, contracted for 
amisLsti, Tor. ; nmissis, contracted for amiseris, 
Plaut.] (a, mitto) v. a. To let any thing go, let 
slip, dismiss. I. A) Prop.: pr;eda de manibus 
amisen, Cic. ; a. prisdam ex oculis manibusque, 

Liv. B) Fig. : To let slip, to let pass by, to 

let pass unobserved, a. ejusmodi occasionem, 
Cic; prioro sacramento amisso, null; a. fidem, to 

be faithless, Nep. ■II. Meton.: To lose any 

thing [by or without our own fault {opp. perdere, by 
our own fault)], Decius amisit vitam, at non perdi- 
dit, Auft. Her. ; classes optimai amisste, Cic. ; a. 
filium, cives, to lose {by death), Id. ; a. lumina, to 
lose one's sight. Id. 

rian of the fourth century. 

AMMoN" (Hamm. ), oiiis, m. Ci\}v). I. ^ 
jifirnc of Jupiter, worshipped in Africa u?ider the form 

of a ram, who had there a famous oracle. Curt 



II. Meton. : Ammonis comu, a kom-like, gold-col- 
ored precious siojie, Plin. 

AMMONEO. See Admoneo. 

AMMoNilCUM, i, n. (Ammon). A kind of gum- 
resin dropping from a tree near the temple of Jupiter 
Amman, Plin. ; Cels. 

AMMoNIXCUS, a, um (Ammon). Of or be- 
longin g to Ammon, Ammoniac, A. sal, Plin.; 
Col. ; Ov. 

AMNICOLA, SB, com. (amnis, colo). Livings 
being, or growing near a rrcer, a.palice8;0v. 

AMNiCOLUS, i, m. dim. (amnis). A little riv- 
er, rivulet, ab altero a., Liv. 

AMNiCUS, a, um (amnis). Of or helongivg 
to a river, a. calami, Plin.; insula amnicarum 
maxima, formed by a river, Id. 

AMNIS, is, m. '[f, Plaut Abl. vsually amne; 
poet, amni] {akin to Sanscr. ap, ambu, water; 
apnas, amfsa, river). Running water, a 
great mass of running water, a sir earn, proflueas 
a., Cic. ; liquores perlucidi amnium, Id.; ruuntde 
montibus a., said of mountain torrents, Virg. ; se- 
cundo amni, down the stream, Virg. {ppp. adverse 
amne, up the stream, Curt.). Of the sea, Tibull. Of 
water, Virg. 

IMO, 1 [amaaso /or amavero, Plaut] v. a. {San- 
scrit kam, "■to love," the initial aspirate being 
dropped). To love [wich the fun d.amental idea ^ 
affection ; diligere, on the contrary, to love with es- 
teem, to esteem], pueri amant inter se, love eat^. other, 
Cic. ; a. alqm ex anirao. to love with all one's heart. 
Id. ; a. alqm amore singulari, to love one exceeding- 
ly, Id. ; ita me di ament cls truly as I live, by Heav- 
en, Plaut ; instead of which we also find ellip.: ita 
me Juppiter ! Id. ; di te ament, Heaven bless you, 
Id. ; a. se, to be pleased with, admire^ think highly 
of one's self, Cic. ; a. alqm de or in alqa re, quod, 
&c., to be grateful to any one. Id.; amabo te {prop.: 
I shall love you if you do as I desire), be so kind as 
to, I pray, I will thank you ; soror, parce, amabo, 
Plaut Of things: To like, be fond of, take 
pleasure in, nomen. orationem, vultuni, inces- 
sum. alcjs a., Cic. ; amat janua limen, likes to re- 
main at, Hor. After the Greek </)LA€tr with inf., To 
find pleasure in doing any thing, to use to, 
to be in the habit of, aurum perrumpere amat 
saxa, Hor. ; also absol. : quaj ira fieri amat {after 
the Greek olov 0iAet ■y.'yrecrSat), as usually happens, 

XMCEB.EUS, a. um (ijuot^atos). Reciprocal, 
alternate (^ood ifl(. alternus), a. carmen, altem-, 
ate song, Fest. 

aMCEBEUS {trisyll.'), ei, m. CAfiotpeu?)- Ama- 
beus, an Athenian player on the cithara, of great 
reputation, Ov. 

A MCEN E, adv. Pleasantly, tothe smell, Plaut 
Of speech, in the compar,, Gell. Of a dwelling, in 
the suptrl., Plin. 

IMCENITAS, atis, / (amcenus). Pleasant- 
ness, with regard to the senses, hortorum a„ Cic; 
amoenitates orarum et litorum, Id. ; amcenitatea 
studiorura, Plin. ; a. vita*, Tac As a caressing or 
coaxing appellation: uxor mea, mea a., quid tii 
agis ? my siceet, my charmer ! Plaut 

XM<HNUS. a, um (amo). Pleasant, agreea- 
ble, delightful, locus a.. Cic; a. ru%, Hor.; a. 
aquie, rosiK, Id. ; amffiiiissima eedificia, Tac. SubsU, 
amosna, orum, n., Pleasant places or coun- 
tries, per a. Asiaa, Tac. Of abstr. obi. : a, vita. 

Tac. ; a- ingenium, Id. Of dress : cultua amoenior, 
too elegant {for a Vestal), Liv. 

A-MoLfOR, itUB, 4 V. di-p. (a, raoUor). To re- 
move, throw atony or aside. I. Prop.: prope- 
ree a. omnia, Plaut ; a. omnia e medio, PIm. ; a. 
obstantia silvarum, Tac. Pase. : amolita objecta 
onera, removed, Liv. ; n. se, to pack o_ff, to depart, 

get off, Plaut.; Ter. II. Fig.: To remove, 

avert, turn away, amoliendis periculia, Plin. ; a. 
crimen, to rebut, Tac. ; a. dedecus, Id. ; a. noraen 
meum, I pass over in silence, lay no stress vpon, Liv. 

AiMoLITUS, a, um, part, o/araolior. 

XMoMUM or -ON, i, n. (^afxtafxav). Amomnm, a 
shrub growing in Armenia, similar to the white vine, 
and with fruit like a cluster of grapes, of which a 
fragrant ointment was made, Plin. ; Virg. ; Ov. 

aMOR [the old form amos, like honos /o?* honor, 
Plaut.], oris, m. (amo). I. A) Love, affection, 
amor, ex quo amicitia nominata, Cic, ; consir. with 
in, erga, or a gen. obj. : noster in te a., Id. ; si quid 
in te residet amoria erga me, Id. ; amplecti alqm 
amore ; habere amorem. erga alqm; respondere 
amori amore. Id. ; conciliare amorem alcui. Id. 
Often also in the plur. : amores hominurn in te, 
Cic. ; est mihi in amoribus, / love him much ; concr. 
of a dear or beloved object : Pompeius nostri amo- 
res. Id. B) Personified: The God of love, C a- 

7»irf, Virg.; Ov. ; Hor. ; Prop. Intheplur.: Loves, 

Cupids, Ov. II. Melon. Gen.: An eager 

desire, longing, wish, consulatua a., Cic; a. 
gloriaj, Id. ; a. auri, Virg ; a. habendi, avarice, Hor. ; 
ft. scribetidi, a desire nf writing. Id. 

IMORGUS or -OS, \,f. CA/jLopyoO- Amorgus, 
an island among the Sporades in the ^gean, where 
Simonides, the Iambic poet, was born ; a place of ex- 
ile under the Roman emperors; now Amor g o, 
Plin. ; Tac. 

aMoTiO. 5nis./. (amoveo). A removal, put- 
ting away, doloris a., Cic. 

aMoTUS, a, um, part, o/ amoveo. 

A-MOVeO, movi, motum, 2 v. a. (a, moveo). To 
remove, wit hdrajo. 1. Prop. A) ilium ex istis 
locis amove, Cic. ; a. aacrain urbes ab hoatium oc- 

uiie, Liv._; a. ae. to withdraw, retire, Cic. B) Esp. 

1) Secretly to put or remove any thing aside, 
out of the way, to make away with, to steal, 
boves per dolum amotte, Hor. 2) To banish, 

Suiliumamovendumininsulamcensuit, Tac. 

II. Fig.: To avert, libidinem, odium, cupidita- 
tesque a., Cic. ; a. bellum, Liv. 

AMPHIARaeUS, a, um (Amphiaraus). Of or 
belonging to Amphiaraus, Prop. 

AMPHliRAiDES.iB.m. (Amphiaraus). A male 
descen dant of Amphiaraus, Alcmaon, Ov. 

AMPHiXRaUS, i, m. ('A/x<^tapao9)- Amphia- 
raus, a celebrated Argive soothsayer, who was swal- 
lowed vp by the earth in the war of the Seven against 
Thebes. Cic: Ov. 

AMPHtBOLIA, », /. (afi.^Lpo\Ca). A Rhet. t. t. : 
Ambiguousness, ambiguity, Cic: Quint. 

AMPHIBRACHYS, yos, m. [later, also, -us, i], 
(aju.<^ij3paxv?). -^n Amphibrach, a poetical foot, 
consisting of a -^ — ^^, Quint. 

AMPHICTyBNES, um (ace. Gr. -ae). m. ('AjuK^t- 
KTvov^i)- The members of the Amphictyori- 
ic council, or congress of the states of Greece, ac- 
cusari apud A., Cic ; Quint. ; Tac. 

AMPHtLOCHU, te, /. CAjLt^Uoxta). Amphi- 
lockiafa district of Acarnania. Cic. 


(Amphilochia). Ampkilochion, Liv.; Plin. 

AMPHIL5CHI, orum, m. The inhabitants 
of Amphilochia, Liv. 

AMPHfLOCHUS, i, m. (A-fx^CKoxos). Amphi- 
lochns, a son of Amphiaraus, Plin. 

AMPHIMACKUS, i, m. CAy.(pCnaKpos). A _Metr. t. 
t.: An A mp himacer, a poetic foot, consisting of a 
— -~^ — . It was also called Creticua, a Cretic, Qiiiur. 

AMPPIlON, onis, m. {'AfiACwv). Amphion, sun 
of Jupiter and Antiope, ana twin brother of Zelhus 
He was famed for his skill on the lyre, Hor, ; Ov. 

AMPHlONiUS, a, um (Amphion). Amphioni- 
a n, Prop. 

AMPHIP0LI3, is,/. ('A;ii,^iTroA.ts). Amphipo- 
lis, a city of Macedonia, on the River Strymon. It 
is now Neokholio, in Turkish Jeni-Keui, Liv. ; 

AMPHIPOLITANUS, a, um (Amphipohs). Of 
or belonging to Amphipolia, Just. 

AMPHIPOLlTES, w, m. (^Afx<^nroKC-rt\-i). An 
inhabitant of Amphipolis, Amphipolitan, 

AMPHiPROSTf LOS, i, m. (a;u.^tT7poo-ryAos). A 
building with columns both before and 
behi'n d, Vitr. 

AMPHISB^NA, EB, /. (<f>isPaLva). A kind of 
serpent which begins its motion either at its head or 
its tail at pleasure, The annulaled or two-head- 
ed snake, Plin.; Lucan, 

AMPHISSA, m. f. ("Aju^tao-a). Amphissa, a 
town of the Locri Ozola, on the borders of Phocis. 
now Salona, Luc. 

AMPHISSiUS, a, um (Amphissa). Of or be- 
longing to Amphissa, Amphissian, A. aaxa, 
in the country of the Locri in Lower Italy, Ov. 

AMPHiTlPA, as, /. (a/ic^tTamj?). A coverlet, 
shaggy 07L both sides, dormire super a., Varr. ; 

AMPHiTHeaTRALIS, e (amphitheatrum). A m- 
phiikcatral, a. spectaculum, Plin.; a. pompa, 

AMPHITHeaTRICUS, a, um (amphitheatrum). 
Amphiihe'atrical, a. charta, a kind of bad paper, 

AMPHiTH£aTRUM, i, n. {afi^iHarpov). An 
amphitheatre, a large building for the exhibition 
of spectacle.'!, inform of an oval, Plin.; Tac. 

AMPHiTRlTE. es, /. C^fJ^'^t-rpiTr}). Amphi- 

trite. I. A sea-goddess, wife of Neptune, Col. 

II. Appell. for the sea, Ov. 

AMP HITRy O ( UG) or -ON, onis, m. CA.fL<}}iTpvoiv). 
Amphitryon, a king of Thebes, husband of Ale- 
mene. Ov. 

AMPHITRtoNIIDES, ffi, m. A ?nale descend- 
ant of Amphitryon, Hercules, Virg.; Ov. 

AMPHQRA, Be Cgen. plur., as a measure, usually 
amphorum, especially with numeral adjectives), j. 
(a/i.<^op6u?). I. A vessel with two handles, A pitch- 
er, jar, flask, bottle, amphoras implere. Cat.; 

Hor. II. Meton.: a measure of liquids, contain - 

ing eight congii, or very nearly six gallons, eingulas 
vini a., Cic 

AMPHORaLIS, e (amphora). Containing 
the quantity of an amphora, a. vas, Plin. 

AMPHRYSiiCUS, a, um (Amphrysus). Of or 
belonging to the Amphrysus, A. gramine, 

AMPHR^SiUS a, um (AmphiT-sus). Of or be- 

longing to AmpkrT/sus, Amphrysian, A. 
vates, i. e, the Sibyl, Virg. 

AMPURySUS o?- -Oti, i, m. ('A/xApvo-os). The 
A mphrys us, a sviatl river of Thcssaly, falLin g into 
thii Pagasaan Gulf, on the banks of which Apollo fed 
the flochs of Admelus, Virg. ; Ov, 

AMPLE, adv. (amplus). Widely, spacious- 
ly; hence, I. Abundantly, richly, magnifi- 
cently, splendidly, exornare a., Cic. ; militibus 
agri amplissime diiti, Id. ; quam amplissime aflerri, 

to be buried must splendidly. Id. 11. Fig. A) Be- 

comiugly, honores gurert: amplissime, Cic. — B^ 
Of speech: Richly, magnificently, a. loqui, 

AMPLECTO, crc./or amplector, Plaut 

AM-PLECTOK, exus, 3 v. dep. (am, plector). To 
en twin e, surround, encompass, en circle, 
embrace. I. ProjJ.: a. genua alcui, Plaut. ; a. pos- 
tes, Virg. ; a. dextram, to seize, Id. ; a. hoetium 
aciem, to inclose, Liv. ; quantum loci a, munimen- 

to, to surround, inclose, take in. Id. II. Fig. 

A) To embrace with Ipve or esteem, to love, 
honor, value, esteem, Csesar mc amicissime 
amplectitur, Cic. Of things: qui tantoamore suaa 
podsessionea amplexi tunebant, ut, &.C., Cic; a. 
virtutem, Id.; a. rempublicam, Id. B) To com- 
prehend with the 7nind, conceive, it nd er- 
st and, penetrate, quas si judex non amplecte- 
tur omnia consilio, Cic; a. cogitationera toto pec- 
tore, to ponder. Id. C) To bring au object of 

thought joithin certain limits, to compre- 
hend, to treat or disco urse on, discuss, 
handle, argumentum-pluribus verbis amplecterer, 
Cic ; a. alqd virtutis nomine, to comprehend. Id. 

AMPLEXO. are, for amplexor, Plaut. 

AMPLEXOR, atus, 1 v. dep. intens. (amplector). 
I. To eutioi?ip, clasp, embrace, aram amplex- 
antes. Plaut. ; iuimicum meum sic amplexabantur, 

Cic II. Fig. To love, be fond of, value, 

esteem, totum mo amplexatur, (Jic; a. otium, Id. 

AMPLEXUS, a, um,pan. of amplector. 

AMPLEXUS, us, m. (amplector). An entwiii- 
ing, embracin g, surro unding, encompass- 
ing, serpentis a., Cic; oceanus orbem teirarum 
amplexu tinit, Liv. ; tenere alqm amplexu, embrace, 

AMPLiaTIO, onis,/. (amplio). In Law, t. t.: A 
deferring of judgment, ampliata est et ipsa a., 

AMPLIFiCaTIO, onis,/. (amplifico). A widen- 
ing, enlarging, increasing. I. Prop.: pe- 

cuniai a., Cic ; rei familinris a., Id. II. A Rliet. 

t. t. : An amplifying, amplification of a 
proposition, an exaggerated representation, Auct. 
Hi-;r. ; Quint. 

AMPLiFiCATOR, oris, m. He who widens, 
enlarg es, increases, rerum ipsarum a., Cic; 
dignitatis a,, Id. 

AMPLiFiCE, adv. Snm.ptuously, magnif- 
icently, Catull. 

AMPLiFICO, 1 V. a. (amplus, facjo). L To 
widen, i;xte7id, enlarg c. a divitias, Cic- ; a. Ibr- 
tuiiiun, Id.; a. sonum, to increase. Id.; a. rempub- 
licam, Id. IL Fig.: auctoritas ampliricata, 

Cic; honore et gloria amplificati. Id. B) Esp. in 

RheX : To enlarge, speak largely and copi- 
ously, dilate ; to set off, extol, aggrandize, 
ennoble, eumma laus eloquentite est a. rem or- 
nando, Cic. 


AMPLtO, 1 tJ. a. (amplus). To widen, extend, 
enlarge, increase, aggrandize. I. Prop. : 
amplianda plaga est. Cels. ; a. rem, Hor. ; de am- 

pliando numero, Plin. H- Fig. A) Gen.: a. 

nomen, to ennoble, aggrandize. Mart. ; a. virtutem, 
Quint.— -B) Esp.inRhet.: To defer passing sen- 
tence, delay judgment, adjourn {pronounced 
by the pr<Btor with the word amplius), potestas am- 
pliandi, Cic. With ace. pers. : istum ampliaveritia, 
delay or adjourn a cause relating to any one, Auct 
Her. ; thus, bi8 arapliatus, whose cause has been put 
off or adjourned twice, Liv, 

AMPLiTER, adv. (amplus). L Copiously, 

splendidly, Plaut. II. Very, very mucii, 

a. oceupatum esse, Plaut. 

AMPLiTuDO, inis, /, (amplus). Wideness^ 
largeness, exten t, great ness, size. I. Prop.. 
simulacrum modica amplitudine, Cic ; a. urbis, 
Liv. ; a. egregia corporis, a pretty large size, Suet 
II. Fig. A) Greatness, dignity, grand- 
eur, distin ction, &c, b.. Rnuni, grandeur, great- 
ness of soul, Cic. ; homines in quibus eumma est a., 
dignity. Id. In the plur. : amplitudines bonorum, 

Wealth, Cic; a. virtutum, Gell. B) £>y. m 

Rhet. : Copiousness and dignity of expres- 
sion, a. Platonis, Cic. 

AMPLIUS (comp. o/ ample), adv. I. More, lon- 
ger, further [of extent in lijne and number; plus, 
of substantive quantity, more; magis devotes the 
comparison of an action or quality, more ; potiue, the 
choice among several things, rather] ; mostly with a 
compar. abl. or absoL: milites a. horis quatuor for- 
tissime pugnaverunt, Caes. ; a. sunt eex menses, Id. ; 
a. millia passuum decern, Caes. ; duas a. horas, Liv. ; 
duo baud a. millia peditum, not more than. Id. ; si 
a. obsidum velit, more, Q-^s.; quid loquar a., what 
else, what more or fnrtha- ? nihil or non dico a., / 
say nothing further, no more, I add nothing else ; ni- 
hil a. quam ut (ne), nothing else or further but, ice; 

h6c a., CO a., mare than this, moreover. II. Esp. 

A) Law t. t. : The word, with which the judge used to 
defer a cause for further deliberation to another time, 

Cic. ; covf. Amplio. B) A polit. t. t. : a. censere, 

to signify assent, with an addition, ServiHo aseenti- 
or, et hoc a. censeo, Cic. 

AMPLUS, a, um. Wide, spacious, large, 
I. Prop. A) a. domus, Cic. : amplissima curia. Id. ; 

a. insula, Plin. B) Melon.: Abundant,, 

CO nsiderab le, large, great, amplissima pecu- 
nia, Cic; nmpHssimte fortiinse, Id.; ampUssima 

dice, the longest day, Plin. II. Fig- A) Gen. : 

Wide, strong, great, ira; amplioree, Ter. ; mor- 
bus amplior, Id.; a. spes, Suet. B) Esp. 1) 

Splendid, glorious, excellent, reputable, 
noble, a. prtemia, Cic; amplissima^ res gesta;, Id. ; 
ampHssimi honores, Id. ; is mihi videtur ampliesi- 
mus, 7nosl ciiebrated ; amplissima gcneie natus, 
Ca?s.; amplissimus, a title of generals, consuls, and 
of the Senate, a. collegium decemvirale. Cic; a. 
honor, i. e. Vie consulate, Id. ; a. ordo, i. e. the Sen- 
ate, Plin. "2) Of orators and orations: Copious, 

AMP-ULLA, m,f. (olla). I. A vessel made nf glass, 
with a narrow neck and swelling body, A flask^ 
bottle, Cic. ; Plaut II. Melon. Fig.: In- 
flated diction, tumid lang uagc, bombast, 
rant, Hor. 

AMPULLAC£US (ampulla). L Of or belong- 
ing to a flask, coria r., flask -leather, Col, • 


II. In the form of a flask, big-bellted, a. 
pirii, a kind of large pear ^ PUn. 

AMPULLAlilUS,i,7a. (ampulla). A maker of 
flasks. Plimt. 

AMPULLOli, I V. dep. (ampulla). To speak in 
kig k or inflated style^ a, trtigica arte. Hor. 

AMPtJTXTiO, otiis,/. (amputo). I. A lopping 

or cutting off, sanneritorum n., Cit;. 

II. Metim. amcr. : A piece that has been cut 
or lopped off, a chip, Plin- 

AM I'tJTO, I V. a. (am. puto). To lop, clip, 
prune., cut off. round about. [.Prop.: a. vi- 
tern fcrro, Cic. ; a. membra quajdam corporis, Id. ; 

a. huiinTOd, to ampiUar.e, Sen, II. F'g. A) 7'o 

cut away, put away, remooe, amputata inani- 
tas, ri'.niijDF.d, Cic. ; a. multitudinem sententiarum, 

toles'^eii, Id. Byl'iliket.: amputata loqui, firoAtm 

setUenrt-.-i, Cic. 

AMPyCiDES, ie, m. A descendant of Am- 
pyx; ike soothsayer Mopsii.t. Ov. 

AMPYX, yds, and AMl'Y'CUS, i, m. ("A^u-Truf or 
'A/xrruKo?). Amp /jr.. I. One of the Lnpithce, father 
of the soothsayer Mops us, Hyg. 2. A companion of 
Phi/ieii.8. changed by into a stone, Ov. 

AMriANCTUd (Amps.), i, m. A msanctns, a 
lake in the country of the. Hlrpini, dangerous for its 
pestilential vapors, now L ag o d'Au^antc or Mu- 
fit i. Vir.,'. ; Cic, ; PUn. 

aMOLe'I'UM, i, n. An amnlet, a sympathetic 
pj-esurvatioe against siclcness (^usually hung round 
the vi-'-k), Plin. 

XMDLlUS. ii, m. Amulius, king of Alba, who 
disposs&ssed hm brothi^, Nnviitor, of the crown., and 
ordernd Numltor's grandchildren, Romulus and Re- 
mus, to be e:cp'isp.d in, the Tiber, Liv. ; Ov. 

iMURCA. ae, /. (afj^opyt}). The lees of oil; 
strictly speakini^, /low.ver, a leatery substance from 
prt-sstc.d olliu-fi, Cat. ; Varr, ; Viro:. 

IMURCA.R1U3, a, um (nrau'rca). Of or 6c- 
lonjfing to amurca, a. dolia, Cat. 

XMUdSIS, is./, (ace. aniussim; abl. andj)lur. do 
not occur) {akin to modus, raensura, raetii'i). A 
rule, level, Varr. ap. Non. ; ad a., also in one word 
adamiLSsim, according to the level or rule, exactly, 
accurately, punctually, Varr. ; Gell. 

XMUdSiTO, are. ?>. a. (amussis). To make ac- 
cording to rule or level, amussitata indoles, 

aMUSSiUM, i. n. (amussis). A horizontal 
plate, for ascertaining tlie direction ofthewind, Vitr. 

AMyCLjE, arum {also Amycle, es, Sil.),/. ('Aftv- 
K\at). Amiiclce. 1. A town of LacorUa, where 
Castor and Pollux were born, now Sklavokhori, 
Mart. ; Ov. 2. A town of Latium, east of Tcrracina, 

AMYCL.^US, a, um(Amycl8e). Of or belong- 
ing to Amyr.liR, in Laconia, Virg. ; A. fratres. 
Castor and Pollux, Stat: k. coxona., for the victor 
in a pu^ili.itic contest. Mart. 

lMYCLANU3,a,um(Amyclaj). Of or belong- 
ing to Amy dee, in Latium, A. sinus, Plin. 

AMy'CLTDF^S. te, in. The son of Amyclas, 
founder of Amycla; Hyacinthus, Ov. 

XMyCUS, i, m. ("AjLtuKOi;). Amycus. 1. A son 
ofNe.ptnne, king of the Bebryces, Val. FI. 2. A cen- 
taur, Ov. 

XMYGDaLA. m,f (afivySakr}), I. An almond, 

the kernel of an almond, Plin. il.Meton.: 

An almond-tree^ Col.; Plin. 


IMYGDALaCKUS, a,um. Like the almond- 
tree, a. i'oliura, Plm. 

IMYGDiLiNUS, a, um. Of or made of al- 
monds, a. oleum, PUn,; a. pruna, grafted on an 
almond-tree, Id. 

AMYGDALUM, i, n. I. For amygdala, An aU 
mond, the kernel of an almond, Ov. ; Pallad. 
11. An almond-trp.e, Col. 

aMYGDaLUS, i,/. (li/iuySaAos). An almond- 
tree, Ptillad, 

JtMYMONE, es {'A.^vfx.iMVTi). Amymone. 1. A 
danghter of Danaus, und mother of NaiipUas. the 
faUitr of Palaniedes, Hyg. ; Prop. 2. A fountain 
near Argos, Ov, 

AMyM0NiU8, a, um (Amymone). Of or be- 
longing to Amymone, Hyg. 

XMYNTAS, ifi, wi. ('Aju.ut'Tas). Amyntas. I. The 
fathifr of Philip, king of Macedon, Nep. ; Just, 
2. The name, of a shepherd, Virg. 

iCMYNT3fAr>£S, Bi, m. A descendant of 
Amy n to s. i. e. Philip, Ov, 

AMYNTOR, oris, m. ('AjiciJi'Twp). Amyntor, a 
king of the Dolopes, father of Phmnix, Ov. 

AMYNTOLliDES, a;;, m. The boil of Amyn- 
tor. Phmuix, Ov. 

AMYtiTIS, idis, / (afiva-Tis). A mode of drink- 
ing, by emptying a cup at a single draught, Hor, 

aM^THaoN (Amith.), onis, m. ('Ajav^awc). 
Amythaon, the father, of the seer Mdamp us, Ov. 

AMyTHAONiUri, ii, m. Son of Amythaov, 
Melnmpus, Virg. ; Prop. 

AN, conj. ip.v, lav). If; or if or. It is used, 
1. As a simple particle of question, not expressed in 
English : an potest uUa esse excusatio ? can there be 
any excuse? Cic, 2. In direct questions: qua:'sivi, 
an apud Laacam fuisset, / asked, if he had been at 
Lceca's, Id. 3. In double questions: roga. velitne 
an non uxorem, ask him whether he will take a wife 
or not, Ter. It is also joined to ne, making anne ; 
as. cum interrogetur, tria pauca sint, anne multa, 
whtn the question is, if three be little or much. When 
joined with non, the combination is equivalent to 
nonne ; a$, an non dixi hoc esse facturnm'! did I 
not say that this would be the case ? Ter. When 
joined willi nescio, duhito, it convet/s a doubt, which, 
however, inclines to affirmation, as if it were annon ; 
as, est quidem id magnum, atque hand scio, an 
maximum, it is important, and I do not know if it be 
not highly important, or, it is perhaps of the utmost 
importance, Cic. 

XNaBATHRUM, i, n. (avti^adpov). A temporary 
ro 70 of seats rising one above another, placed 
round the sides of a room, Juv. 

XNICES, um, m. CA-vaxe?). A name given to 
Castor and Pollux, Cic, 

aNACHARSIS, is, 771, ('Ava.xapa-t<;). Anachar- 
sis, a cHebrated Scythian philosopher, who flourished 
in the time of Solon, Cic. ; Plin. 

XNXCRS:ON, ontie, m. ('AvaKpeuiv). Anacreon, 
a Greek lyric poet, born at 2'eos, Cic. ; Hor. 

ANACREONTiCUS,a,um. Of or belonging 
to A It a ere on, Fulg. 

INACTORlUM. ii, n. (AvaKTOpLov). Anactori- 
um, a town in Acarnania, at the entrance of the Am- 
bracian Giilf, Plin.; Plaut, 

ANXDeMA, ati-s, 71. {a.v6.h-(\p.a). A head-dress, 
head-ban d. Liicr. 

aNADTOMeNE, es,/. {ava^voii.4vy}, emerging : a 
name given to Venus, as rising out of the sea). Ths 


name of a celehrated picture of Venus by Aptlles, 

XNaGLYPTUS or ANIGLYPHUS, a, um {ava- 
yKvnToq or avayKv^O';). Engraned in bass-re- 
lief, liiscr. SubsL, anaglypta, orum, 7i., Bass-re- 
lief Plin. 

ANAGNIA, ffi, /. C'^vayvia). Anagnia, the 
chief town of cht Hernici, i/i Latiam, now Anagni, 

ANAGNiNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Atiagnia. Subst. pliir., Anafjnini, The inhabit- 
ants of An ng Ilia, Cic. ; Hin. 

ANAGNOriT^S, ai, m. ({XFayftocTTT]?)- ^ reader, 
a person {asually a slace) employed to read to anoth- 
er, Cic. ; Gell. 

ANaLECTA, aj, m. (imAe'/cnjg). A collector 
of the crumbs left afti.r a meal, Hart ; Sen, 

ANALECTRIS, idis, / {avd^^Krpov). A cush- 
ion or pad for the shoulders, in order to improve 
the shapr, Ov. 

INAP^^dTUS, I m. (avaTraicTTOs)- An ana- 
past, a metrical foot, consisting of ^^ — , Cic 
Adj., anapasstua, a, um, Anapastic, a. pea, Cic, 
Anapaastum, i, n. {sc. carmen), A poem in ana- 
piEsts, Cic. ; Gell. 

aNAPHE, ea,/, ('Arci'/iTj). Anaphe, a small isl- 
and of volcanic origin, in the Mgean Sea, east of 
Thera, now An ap hi or Nanfio, Ov. 

ANaPUS, i, VI. ('AraTTo?).- The Anapns, ariv- 
er of Sicily, fiowing into the sea, to the south of Syr- 
acusp, now the A iiapo, Ov. 

ANARTES, ium.m. The Anartes, apeople of 
Dacin, C^es. 

ANAS, anatis (gen. plur. usually anatura, seldom 
anatium, Varr.) c. (akin to vijcro-a, the swimmer, old 
High Gtj-7n. anut). A duck, anatum ova. Cic. 

ANAS, te, m. The Anas, a river of Spain, now 
Guadi ana, Ca!S. ; Mel.; Plin. 

ANATARiUS, a, um (anas). Of or belonging 
to dvcks, a. aquila, the ospray, the sea- eagle, Plin. 

ANATICOLA, as,/, divi. (anas). A little duck, 
duckling, Cic. As a word of endearment, l?\ei\it. 

ANAI'iNUS, a, um (anas). Of or belonging 
to ducks, fortuna a., Plaut. iS«6s£., anatina, ae, /. 
(sc. caro), Duck, Petron. 

ANATOCISMUS, i, m. (avaroKifTfi-os). Interest 
upon interest, compound interest, Cic. 

ANAT5MICUS, i, m. (sc. medicue). An anato- 
mist, dissector, Macr. ; Amm. 

ANAURUS, i, m. ('Avaupos). The Anaitrna, a 
river of Thessaly, flowing into the Pagasean Gulf, 

ANAXAGORAS, se. m. ('Aral^a-zopa?). A7iax- 
agoras, a celebrated Greek pkilosopher, born at 
ClazomencE, who had Pericles and Euripides among 
his pupils, Cic. : Lucr. ; Quint. 

ANAXARCHUS, i. ?n. ('Ai-afooxoO- An ax a r- 
ckus, a Greek philosopher of Abaera, ojic ofthefol- 
lowers of DemocritHS, V. Max. ; Or. 

ANAXARiiTE, ea,/- Anaxarete, a female of 
Cyprus, toko despised the addresses of Iphis, and was 
changed into a. stone, Ov. 

ANAXIMANDER, dri.m.CAi'afiVavfipos). Anaz- 
imander, an Ion ic philosopher and geographer of 
Miletus, friend of Thales, Cic; Gell. 

ANCjTILIS, i. m. ("AyKaio?). Anc<BUs, an Arca- 
dian, killed by the Calydoninn boar, Ov. 

ANCALITES, um, m. The Ancalites, apeo- 
ple of Britain, Cass. 


ANCEPS [ancipes, Plaut.], cipitis (ablat. regul. 
ancipiti) (an=:;amb, and caput). Having two 
heads. I. Prop.: a. Janus, Ov. Putt.: Haoing 

two summits, a. acumen montis. Id. 11. A) 

Turned toward two sides, twu-fuld, double, 
a. I'errum, two-edged, Lucil. ; a. secuns, Ov. ; a. 
metus kc ab cive et ah boste, Liv. ; a. prcelium, 

Cses. B) Mtton. 1) Of a rhangiful nature, i. e. 

uncertain, doubtful, dubious, undecided, 
anceps fatorum via, Cic. ; a. orHculum, Liv. ; a. 
proelio pugnare. Cais. ; a. lides. wuviraig, Curt 
Htnce, 2) Uncertain as to its issur, i. u. hazardous, 
critical, dangerous, a. vite, Ov. ; a. morl)i,PliD. 

ANCHrSES, ac. m. ("Ayxt.<rq?). Anckises, the 
father nfJEneas, Virg. ; Uv. 

ANCHiSeUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Anchises, tumulus A., Virg. 

ANCHlSlADES, ee, m. The son of Anchi- 
ses i JEytens, Virg. 

ANCHORA and ANCH0RALI3. 6'es Ancoea, 


ANClLE, is, n. (gen. plur. anciliorum, Hor.) 
(probably for ancidile, from am and caido). A 
kind of small oval shield, Virg. Esp. : A shield 
said to have fallni from heaven during the rrign of 
Nnma. This shield, with eleven others exactly of 
similar make, was kept in the temple of Mars by the 
Salii, carried by them every year on the first ofMirrJi 
round the city, arid then replaced in the tempi-. I. \-.\ 
Tac. ; Virg,; Ov. Adj.: clypeis a., Juv. ; anii<i a., 
Val. Max. 

ANCILLA, ee, /. dim. (dim. of obsolete ancula. 
Akin to Sanscr. anc, to bow before one, old High 
Germ, encho, a servant). I. A maid-sercant, 
waiting-woman, handmaid, female slave, 
servi ancillaeque, Cic. ; cum ancillarum puerorum- 

que comitatu, Id. II. Melon. ; terra usus raor- 

taliura semper a., servant, Plin. 

ANCILLaRIS. e (ancilla). 1. Of or belong- 
ing to a maid- servant, sordido a. que nrtiticio, 

the service of a bandm.aid, Cic U. Melon.: 

Slavish, a. adulatio, slavish, servile, Amm. 

ANCILLOR, atus 1 v. dep. (ancilla, to serve as a 
maid- servant), kence gen,: To be a slave, to 
serve, viri uxoribus ancillantur. Tit. ap. Non. Of 
things: aistus (maris) ancillantes sideri avido, Plin. 

ANCILLtJLA, EB, /. dim. (ancilla). A hand- 
maid, a young slave, Ter. ; Ov. Of things: 
eloquentias a., Cic. 

ANCoN, onia, m. (ayKWf, the flexure of the arm at 
the elbow, the elbow). 1. The elbow of a square, 
Vitr. — - — II, A sioiie in a wall, the top of which 
projects over thebottom, a console or projection, 
Vitr. III. The piston of an hydraulic ma- 
chive. Vitr. 

AXCON. onis, and ANCoNA, se,/. CkyKi^v)- An- 
con a, a towJi in Picenum, on the Adriatic, lying in 
a bend of the coast, whc?ice its 7iame; now Ancona, 
Cic; Cies. 

ANCORA (less correctly written ancliora), », /. 
(a^Kvpa), \. An anchor, ancoras jacere, /o coe*, 
Ctes. ; naves deligare ad ancorns, Id. ; consistere 
ad ancoram, to lie or ride at ancfior. Id. ; in ancoris 
exapcctare, to remain at anchor, Id. ; a. tolli-re, to 

wfigh anchor. Id. ; n. solvere, Cic. II. Fig. 

Resort, refuge, hope, ultima a. fessis, Sil. 

ANCORaLIS, e (ancora). Of or belonging 
to an anchor, atrophia a., cables, App. -Sufis/., 
aucorale, is, n., .i cable, Liv.; Plin, 


ANCORSmuS, a, um (ancora). Of or ha- 
longing to an anchor, ex a. funibua, cables, 

ANCyRA, 89,/. ("AyKupa). Ancyra. 1, A city 
of Galatia, now Angora, Liv. ; Curt.; Plin. 2. 
A town of PliTygia Epicietus, ueaT Mysia, Plin. 

ANCYRANUd, a, um. Of or beiovging to 
Ancyra, in Galatia, triumphus A., Claud. 

ANDiBlTS, Be, m. Gladiators who wore helmets 
without any aperture for the eyes, so that they loere 
obliged to fight blindfold, and thus excited the mirth 
of the spectators, Cic. 

ANDEGiVl or ANDECXVI, orum, or ANDES, 
ium, 771. A people of Gaul, to the north of the Liger, 
or Lvire, whose capital Juliomagus is now A ngers, 
CiPa.; Tac. 

ANDES, ium, m. See Andegavi. 

ANDES, is, m. Andes, a village near Mantua, 

birth-placeof Virgil, now Pi eto la, Donat.Vit.Virg. 

ANDR.(EMON, onis. m. ('AvBpaCixiav). A n dree- 

mo 71, the father of Amphissus, husband of Dryope, 

wito was changed into a lotus, Ov. 

ANDRISCtJS, i, m. ('Ai/Spio-Kos). Andriscus, 
a man of low origin, who pretended to be a natural 
son of King Perseus, and caused the third Macedo- 
nian war, Liv.; Veil.; Flor. 

ANDRIUS, a, urn (Andros). Of Andros, one 
of the Cycladcs, Ter. Subst., Andria, te. /., The 
Andrian Female, the name of a comedy of Ter- 

ANDROGfioS and ANDROGeUS, i, m. ^kvBpo- 
yewff). Androgeos, a son of Minos, assassiriated, 
according to one account, at Athens, Ov. ; Virg. 

ANDROMaCHe, ea, and -A, eb, / ('Arflpo/iaxi?)- 
Andromar.he, the wife of Hector, Virg. 

ANDROMeDA, ae, and -E, es, /. ("'Ai'Spo/xefiTj). 
Andromeda, the wife of Perseus, Cic. ; Ov, 

ANDRoN. onis, m. (avSpiav). I. With the Greeks ; 
The part of the house where the men resided ; also 

called andronitia, Vitr. II. With the Romans : 

A space between two walls ofahouse, Plin. ; a passage, 
a galhry, Vitr. 

ANDRONrCUS, i, vi. Andronicus, a Roman 
surname. Thus, especially, L. Livius A., the first 
Roman dramatic poet, Cic. \ Gell. 

ANDRoNlTIS, idis,/. See Andron. I. 
ANDROS and ANDRUS, i, /. ("Arfipofr). An- 
dros, one of the larger Cyclades, southeast of Eu- 
boia, notD A rid ri, Ter.; Ov. 

aNELLUS (ann.), i, m. dim. (anulus). A small 
ring, Plnut^; Hor. 

INeMoNe, es. /. (av6[/.u>vij). Anemone or 
wind-flower, Plin. 

aNeTHUM, 1, n. {oivneov). Dill, anise, Virg.; 

ANFRACTUS (amfr.), a, um, part, (amb, frango). 
Bent, crooked, a spatia, Amm. Subst., anfrac- 
tum. 1, 71., ^ turning, winding (for tmfractas, 
us), terrarum anfracta, Att. ap. Varr, 

ANFRACTUS, as. m. (amb, frango). A recurv- 
ing, a ben ding or turning up or back, 
crookedmss, winding, be?it form or shape. 
I. Prop.: quid pulchrius figura (sphsrica), qute 
nihil incisutn anfractibus habere potest? Cic. Of 
tJte annual revolution of the sun: septeni solis a. 
reditusque, Cic. Of the crookedness of horns: cor- 
nua convolutain anfractura, Plin. Of the turnings 
and loindings of a road: si nuUus a. intercederet, 
CtBS. ; a. viarum, Liv. II. Fig. A) Of speech. 

/or ambnges: Prolixity, diffusiveness, long 
circv instance ofwords, quid opus eat a.? Cic. 
B) Of legal matters: Qu ibblin g or cavil- 
ling, vita remota a judiciorum a., Cic; juris a., 

ANGXRfUS, ii, m. (Persian). A courier, ex- 
press, Lucil. ap. Non. 

ANGELLUS, i, m. dim. (angulus). A little 
corner, Lucr. 

ANGERoNA, le, / Ang erona, according to 
some, the goddess of Silence, Plin.; Mncr. 

ANGERONALIA (Angerona). The festival 
of the goddess Ang erona, Varr.; Fest. 

ANGlNA, a), /. (ango). A disease of the throat, 
called the q uiv sy, a sure throat, Plaut. 

ANGIPORTUS, us, m. {rarely, nngiportum, i, n.) 
(ango, angustus, portU!;). A narrow lane, by- 
way, vite omnes angiportusque, Cic; angiporto 
toto dccrrare, Auct. Her, 

ANGITlA, J«, / Angiiia, the sister 'of Medea 
and Circe, worshipped by the. Mnrsi and Marrubii, 
who Hoed about the shores of the Lake Facinus ; ne- 
mus Auijitiw. a grove sacred to Angitia, in the terri- 
tory nf t)ie Marsi, now Selva d' A I b i, V\rg. ; Sil. 

ANGLl, orum. m. The Angli, a German peo- 
ple on the left bank of the Elbe, who afterward passed 
over with the Saxons into Britain, Tac. 

ANGO (j;i, ctum. and anxum, ace. to Gramm.), 3 
V. a. (a.yx'^)- Firmly to press together, to 
choke, throttle, suffocate, stifle. I. Prop.: 
a. guttur, to compress one's throat, to suffocate, Virg. 
Of plants: To choke, pluribus radicibus angitur, 

Co1. B) Mfton.: To press, hurt, pain, hac 

canis angit, Hor. ; ardeolte nnguntur, suffer pain, 

Plin II. Fig.: Of mind: To vex, disturb, 

al arm. trouble; and mid. angi, to feel alarm- 
ed, to distress one's self miilta sunt quaa a., 
Cic ; prrecipuo quodara dolore angi, Id. ; magno 
cruciatu timoris angi. Id. 

ANGOR, oris, m. (ango). 1. Prop, for angina: 
A s uffo eating, strangling, pain in the 
throat, sore throat, occupat frtucea earutu a., the 
quinsy, Plin. ; testu et auiiore vexari, a choking with 

smoke, lAv. II. Fig.: Anguish, vexation, 

trouble [as a transi'ory condition; but anxietas, 
anxiousness, as a lasting stale], curam et angorem 
animi levare, Cic. ; a. pro amico stupe capienduB, 

ANGRiVaRII, orum, m. The Angrivarii, a 
people of Germany, dwelling on both sides of the Vi- 
surgis, or Weser, near the Cherusci, Tac. 

ANGUiCuMUS (tetrasylL), a, um (anguis, coma). 
Snake-haired, Ov. 

ANGUiCijLUS, i, 7n. dim. A little snake, Cic. 

ANGUiFER (trisijU-), era, eruin (anguis, fero). 
That carries or has serpents about it, a. ca- 
put, Ov. ; Gorso a., Prop. Subst., Anguifer, other- 
loise called Ophiucliua or Serpeutarius, as a constd- 
lation. Col. 

ANGUiGeNA (tetrasyll.), eb, m. (anguis, gigno). 
Engendered of snakes; a name given to those 
men who had grown up from the dragon's teeth sowed 
by Cadmus, Ov. 

ANGUILLA, af",/ (anguis). I. An eel, Plin.; a. 
est, elnbitur, escapes like an eel, is a slipprry fellow, 

said of a sly pei-son, Plaut. II. Meton.: The 

hard skin of an eel, used for punishment in 
schools, Verrius ap. Plin. 

ANGUi-MXNUS (guadrisyll), a, um (aoguis, 

manus). Having serpentine arms, aterm ap- 

2)lit'.d bii poCi In el'phaiitu, Lucr, 

ANGL'i'NeUS {qnadrisylL), a, um (an^uis). I. 
Of or bclo iLgiii^ lo snakes, a. comte Gorgonis, 

Ov. II. Having the shape of snakes or 

serpents, <ierpeut-formed, a. cucumis, Col. 

ANGUliNUS (trisijlL). a, um (anguis). Of or be- 
Imigi ng to s II akes, cerviK a., Par, ap. Cic. ; a. 
adeps, PJin. Suhst., aiiguinum, i (sc. ovum), A 
snake's or serpen I' s caff. Plin. 

ANGL^i-PES {trisi/U), edid (anguis, pes), .ter- 
pen i- footed, an epiihet of the giants. Ov. 

ANGUIS (bisyll.), i3 {ablai. nsnally angue ; angiii, 
Hoi'.) (Sanscr. api), m. and f. L A serpent, 
5 n ake, maris anguis, Cic. : duobus aiiguilnia domi 
comprehensis. Id. For denoting nmjthhig odious: 
cane pejus et angue, Hor. In fable, as a symbol of 
terror : hevce the snakes' heads nf Mednsa. Ov. As 
an image of rage: hence Tisiph'ine's girdle of ser- 
pents, id. ; and her snaky hair. Tib. As an emblein. 
of ennui ng and prudence : hence of Ceres's team of 
stn-penls, id. [I. Melon.: As a constellation. 

A) Draco, between the Greater Bear and the Lfssrr 
Bear, Cic. B) Hydra. Ov. C) The constella- 
tion called AnguiS; in the hand 0/ Ophiucbu3 (An- 
guitencns). Ov. 

ANGUi-TeNENS, entis (anguis, tenens). Hold- 
ing a serpent; hence Subst. : Serpen tarius, as a 
consteUatiiin. \. q. Anguifrr, Gr. '0<^loO;^o?, Cic. 

ANGOLaRIS, e (angulus), Having angles 
or comers, angular, lapis a., a sgnare stone, 
Cat. ; a, pila?, corner pillars, Vitr. Subst., angu- 
laris, is. A cornered vessel, Apic. 

ANGC'LaTUS, a, um, part, (made cornered or an- 
gular ; hence) angular, coi"puacula partim a., 

ANGOLDSUS, a, um (angulus). Full of an- 
gles or corners, angular, indented, a. folia, 

ANG0LU3, i, m. (a-yjcu'Aos, curved). An angle, 
cor?ier, edge. I. Gen.: figura, quie nihil habet 
incisum iinj^ulis, Cic; hujua Interis alter a., CffiS. ; 

a. oeuli. Oil .ingle of the njc, canthus, I'lin II. 

Fi.-p. A) III a mathematical sense: An angle, ad 
pares angulos in terrani ct m;\re feruntur, Cic; 
recti a.. Sen. ; a. obtusus, an obtuse angle, Lucr. 

B) 1) A secret place, corner, hole, nook,ue- 
rao non mode Romte, sed iiec ullo in angulo totiua 
Italim oppressus ftre alieno fuit, Cic. Contemptu- 
ously of schools : earum rerum, qiias isti in angulis 
personnnt, Cic. 

ANGUSTE, «f/r. (angustns). Narrowly, close- 
ly. 1. Prop. A) a. seJerc, Cic : angnstius pabu- 
iari, in a smaller space. Cebs. B) Melon. Of quan- 
tity or number: Sparingly, scan tily, eo anno 
frumentum angustius provenerat, Ctes. ; re frumen- 
taria a. uti, to be short of provisions, to suffer want, I 

Id. ir. Fig.: quum angustius concluduntur, ; 

more succinctly, Cic; a. dicere, dtsserere. Id.; ha- 
bere He angustius. to be at a pinch, in straits, in a 
dilcrmna. Id ; a. transportarc milites, with great dif- 
ficuhy. hardly, Cies. 

ANGUSTi^, arum (seldom in the sijig., angus- 
tia, t»), f (angustus). A narrow space, n ar- ' 
roioness. I. Prop. A) a. fretorum, o strait, Cic. ; ' 
H. itincris, Cies. , a. loci, Sail. ; a. spiritus. shortness ' 
of brent!/., Cic. Tn tlie ^ing. : nisi anguslia loci in* 

terpcllavci'it. Vitr. B) ^fc'on. Of narrowness of 

circumstances: Indig cncc, scantiness^ waut^ I 


poverty, incredibiles a. pecunise publicae, Cic.; 
a. rei frumentaria-. Ctes. ; a. rei finniliaris, Suet 

II. Fig. A) Gen.: Narrowness, narrow 

bonn ds, cur orationf^m tantas in a. compellimus? 
straits, Cic. ; ad verborum a. revocare, into the 

straits of logomachies, Id. E) £.=7^. 1) Of lime: 

Shortness, want, temporis a,, Cic 2) Of on€$ 

condition: Difficulty, embarrassment, per- 

plcxity, versari in angustiis, Cic; qunm in his 

angustiis res es.sct, Cil"- ; a. petstionis, difficnUtj of 

obtaining the dignity of consul, Cic. 3) Of mind; 

, Littleness, n arrowncss, uon capiunt a. pecto- 

; ris tui, Cic ; cujus animus tHntis a. invidiie conti- 

I netur, narroio, envious feelings, Auct. Her. 

ANGUSTICLaViUS, a, um (angustus, clavus). 
I With the narrow stripe of purjple unthetit- 
I nic, as the badge of a plebeian tribune (opp. lalicla- 
vius). wearing the angusticlavt, Suet 

ANGU3TO, 1 v. a. (angustus). To make nar- 
row. I. Prop.: a. puteos ore, Plin. ; a. maris fau- 
ces, Luc. II. Fig.: To circnmscribt, re- 
strain, moderate, a. riimis gaudia, Sen. ; a. pa- 
trimonin, Id. 

ANGUSTUS, a, um (ango ; conf au:iustus,/roJtt 
augeo). Narrow, small, not spacious, close. 
I. Prop, a) a. domus, Cic ; a. locus. Id. ; a. iter, 
Cses. ; ?i..mon\.es. close, Tuighboring, Id..; Tac. ; an- 
gustior spiritus (Demosthenis), short, Cic; a. odor 
rosfC, not reaching faT , Plin. ; a. aagitta, wil-h a small 
point, Cels. b) Snbsr., angusta orum. /or anguatias, 
Narroicness, a. viarum, Virg. ; Tac. B) Me- 
lon. Of circumstances: Spare, small, limitiii, 
indigent, necessitous, needy, res a. domi, 
narrow means, Juv. ; a. pauperiem patd, pinching, 
Hor. ; a. domus civium, poor, built witkoiu sumpiu- 

ousnes.^, Tac. II. Fig. A) Gen.: Narrow, 

strait, scanty, minutffi angustiieque concertatio- 
nes, sophistical, fallaciously subtle. Cic. ; in angus- 

tura deducere, to limit, restrain. Id. B) Esp. I) 0/ 

time: Short, scanty, limited, a. dies (bruiuffl). 
Ov. ; a. nox. Id. ; a. tempus. Luc. ; Quint 2) a) 
Of one's condition : Difficult, critical, pinch- 
ing, in rebus tarn subitis tamque angustis, Cic.; 
fides angustior, impaired credit. Cv&s. b) Subst., 
angustum, i, 7?., Difficulty, straits, exigen- 
cy, res est in angusto, the matter or sitnation is crit- 
ical, Caes. ; in angustum veuire, to get into a scrape, 
into difficuUie.". Cic. 3) Of mind: nihil est tnm an- 
gusti animi quam amare divitias, Cic. 4) Of speech: 
Brief, simple, a, quiedam oratio, Cic. 

INHeL.VPIO, onis, /., fur anhelitus (anhelo). A 
strong drawing of the breath, a panting, 
piscium a., Plin. As a disease: Difficulty of' 
breathing, shortness of breath, asthma, 

XNHeLaTOR, oris, m. One who finds dif- 
ficulty of hreatkin g, an asthmatic. Plin. 

XNHeLITUS, US (anhelo). I. A) A panting, 
heaving, nimite celeritates gi-essu«, quum tiunt, 

a. moventnr, Cic. R) £.-7*. as a disease: A dif 

ficnlty of breathing, shortness of breathy 
asthma, Plin. II. Meton. concr.: Breath, ex- 
halation, aridus a. veniebat a lasso ore, Ov.; 
eublimi a., derply fetched, Hor. Of the F.Thalations 
of the earth: Vapor, damp, a. terras, Cic. 

aNHeLO, 1 V. n. and a. (amb. halo. gu. to pant 
strongly round about, about the whole body ; hence) 
I. Neutr. A) To pant for breath, to brealht 
short or with difficulty, anhelans ex iraispul- 

monibug, Auct. Her, ; acer, anhelanti similis, Virg. 
Po^t. Ufa roaring fiTP., Virg. ; of the fomning of me 
aca, Sil. ; of iltn puffing bellows, Fers. ; vf ikn crack- 
ing of the grimiid, tstat.— B) 2'o split or gape 

from hvni, orhis auhiilnns sitjvia ardoribus, Sil. 

11. A) To breathe forlk, lo e7nit with a blast, 

Capricornus a. frigua de pectore, Cic. poet. R) 

Fig.: To pant with, breathe out, anhelansex 
iinu peitore crudelitatem, Auct. Her. ; Catilina ace- 
lud jinlit-liin^, Cic. 

ANUiiLUS, a. um. Panting, a. equi, Ov. ; 
Viri^. ; pcictna n., Virg; seiies a., asthmatic, [J, 

aNiCJaNU-S, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Aviciiis, Aniriav, A. pira ; Cat. ; Plin. ; a. nota 
(vini). the mark of a wine wliose age could be traced 
vp to the consulate o/L. Anidus Gulius (590 A.U.C.), 

ANfCOLA [contracted anicla, Prud.], m, f. dim. 
A little old wo man, an old crone or gossip, 
hajc ne aniculfU quidem exibtimant, Cic. ; ista vix 
digiia iucubratione anicularum, Id. 

ANIEN. 5e Anio. 

ANieNiCOLA, te, m. (Anio, colo). One who 
lives near the Anio, Sil. 

aNiENSIS, & (Anio). Of or belonging to 
the A nio. A. tribus, 07i the Upper Anio, Liv ; Cic. 

XNieNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to the 
rioer Anio, A. fluenta, Virg.; A. iinda, lympha, 

INiGROS, i, m. ("AFtypo?). The Anigros, a 
small rini-r of JElis, Ov. 

XNiLIS, e (anus). Old-woman-Uke, old- 
70 man is it, ineptise paene a., Cic; fabellas a. pro- 
ferre. Id. 

XNiLITAS, atis, /. The old age of a wom- 
an, the age of an old woman, anility, dot- 
age, jllatull. 

XNlLlTER, adv. After the manner of an 
old woman, superstitiuse atque a. dicere alqd, 

aNiMA, 83 {dat. and ahlat. plur. regul. animis ; 
oiili/ with ecclesiastical writers animabus), /. (aw, 
a.Y}fxi, Sanscr. an, to breathe, blow; he?ice also ani- 
mus).' A breath of air, air, wind. I. Prop. 
A) Gen.: leves a. aurarum, Lucr. ; impellunt ani- 

mifi lintea, Hor. B) Esp. 1) Air at an element, 

for aer: inter ignein et terram aquain deus ani- 
mamque popuit, Cic. ; ignes juncti ex a, tenui etex 
ardore soils, Id. 2) Air inhaled and exhaled, the 
breath, animio caxiRlis. the air-tube, wind pipe, Plin.; 

animaj gravitas, offen-iiveness of breath. Id. II. 

Melon. A) L) (Xn as far as air or breath constitutes 
the condition of life) Breath of life, animal 
principle of life, life, soul [opp. animus, the 
'intellectual principle], si tunc P. Sestius anirnam, 
quara vix retinuit, edidisaet, Cic. ; eegroto diim a. 
est. spes esse dicitur, Id. ; agere animam, to breathe 
one's last, to be at the last gasp. Id. As a word of 
endearment: vo9 mess carissimte a., Cic; animse 
dimidium meas, Hor. 2) Cover.: A lining be- 
ing, Creature, egregias a., Virg.; a. qualea nee 
candidiores, Hor. Of the departed, manes, s/mdes, 

Ov, ; Suet. B) Ji^wr animus, The intellectual 

principle, the spirit, a. rationia consiliique 
particeps, Cic; non interire animaa, sed ab aliis 
post mortrm transire ad alios, Ctes, 

XNiMADVERSiO, onis, /. (animadverto). I. 
Observation, consideration, attention, no- 
tatio iiaturffi et a. peperit artem, Cic. ; excitanda a. 


et diligentla, ut ne quid temere agamus, considera- 
tion, attention, Id, ; quasstio atque a. in alqm, trial, 

Id. II. Ceusufe, blame, punishment, 

ch astisemeni, nee ett'ugere posacmua animad- 
versionnm, si, &c., Cic. ; animadversion is patcrnaa 
metus, Id. 7'kus especially of the punishment injlict- 
ed by the censors : animadversioiies censorum, Id. 

INiMADVERSOR, oris, m. (animadverto). An 
observer, acres et dilmcnteg a. vitiorum, Cic. 

aNiMADVERTO (vort.). ti, sum, 3 v. a. (con- 
tracted from animum adverto, /// which way it is 
sometimes written, see Adverto). I. To turn 
one^ s thoughts or attention to, giueheed 
to, attend to, consider, regard, nee omnino 
curant, nee, quid agamus, anirnadvertunt, Cic. 
With ut : illud me non animadvertisse moliiste fero, 
ut ascriberem te, &.c., Cic. Of iictors who walked 
before the consul, who took care to order tiie pass- 
ers by to show proper marks of respect, Liv. ; Sen. ; 
Suet. II. Melon.: (As a consequence of atten- 
tion) A) To remark, perceive, observe, see, 
notice,, ecquid animadvertis horum eilfntium? 
Cic. ; quod quale sit, etiam in bestiis quibusdani 

animadvert! potest, Id. B) Esp.: To observe 

auij thing vicious or bad with displeas are., to 
censure, blame, chastise, punish, ea sunt an- 
imadvertenda peccata maximo, qute difficillime 
prajcaventur, Cic. ; res imprimis a magistratibus 
animadvertenda, Id. Vary often in alqm : video 
animadvertisse censores in judices quosdam Cic. ; 
in eum aut ipse animadverteretautcivitatem a.ju- 
beret. Cffis, 

ANiMAL, alls, 7i. (nnima), A living creature, 
animal, alia a. gradiendo, alia serpendo iid pas- 
turn accedunt, alia volando, alia nando, Cic. Of 
men: a. providum et eagax homo, Cic. Of the 
universe as a living being: hunc mundum a, 
esse, Cic. 

aNi.MaLIS, e (anima), I. Composed or con- 
sisting of air, airy, natura animantia vel ter- 

I'ena vel ignea vel a. vel humida, Cic. II. A n- 

imatc, having life, colUgata corpora vinculis 
animalibus, Cic. ; hu.'^tia a., of which the life or the 
soul only was offered to the gods, but the jlesh was 
intended for the priests, Macrob. ; dii a, gods who 
were origiitally men, Sen'. Virg. 

XNtMANS, antis (anitno). Animate, having 
life, living (seldom found as an adj.), decs ne 
animantes quidem esse, Cic ; mundus et a. com- 
posque rationis. Id. Open svbst.f.m..: A living 
creature, animal (usually in opposition to man), 
animantium genera quatuor, Cic Seldom rteut. : 
animantia, qua* aunt nobis nota. 

INlMATiO, onis, /. (animo). I, A quicken^ 

ing or giving of life, 'Pert. II, Meton. 

concr.: A living creature, diviute a. species, 

XNIMaTUS, a, um. I. Part, o/ animo. II. 

Adj. A) Affected, disposed (in any way), in- 
clined, sic animati esse debetia, ut si ille adenset, 
Cic. ; socii intirme animnti, of a changeable, uncer- 
tain disposition, Id. B) Courageous, bold, 

brave, milites a. probe. Plant. 

aNiMaTUS, us, m. (animo). . AnimatioJi, life, 
carere animatu, Plin. 

aNIMO, 1 V. a. (animus). I. To fill with air 
or breath, to blow into, breathe upon, a, 
duas tibias imo spiritu, App. ; a, buccinas, to blow, 

Am. II. To fill with soul or life, to ani- 


mate, give life to. A) Prop.: qute (atomi) for- 
mare, fi§;urnre, colorai-e, a. nou possent, Cic. Poel. : 
n. alqd in alqd, to change an inanimate object into 
an animate one, to give life to, a. giittas in angues, 
Ov. ; a. classem in Nyuiphas, Id. Of torchca : to 

light, Claud. B) Fig. 1) 7'o pro aide with 

any disposition of mind, temper, or feel- 
ings, utcumque temperatus sit aer, ita pueros 
orientes animari atque t'ormari ex eoque ingeiiia, 
mores, nnimum finjd, Cic. 2) To incite, enliv- 
en, refresh, Claud. 

aNiMoSE, acii?. (animosus). I. Full of spirit 
or CO Kr age, co i/rageo u sly, a. et fortiter I'acere 

alqd, Cic Com/*., Sen. II Ar dtntly, eager- 

I tj, passion ate I y, animosius solvitur vutum. Sen, 
iSnpiTl.: aniniosissime comparare gemmas, Suet. 

aNiMoSUS, a, um (anima). I. Fnll of air, 
airy, a. guttura, breathing, Ov. Of the wind: 
Blowing hard, vehement, violent, Virg. ; 

Ov. II. Full of life, animate, living; 

of statues, Prop. 

ANiMoSUS, a, um (animus). I. Full of spirit 
or CO ur ag e, spirited, mettlesome, stout- 
hearted, in gladiatoriis pugnis fortes eta., servare 
cupimus, Cic. ; covf. a. pectus equorum, Virg. Me- 
lon, poet.: a. alqa. re, proud of any thing, vobia ani- 
mos a. creatis, proud of having given birth to you, 
Ov.; a. spoliia. Id. II. Ardent, eager, pas- 
sionate, emptor a., Dig, ; covm^ticiv &.., sparing no 
cost, Tac. 

XNiMOLA, se,/. (i/m. (anima). I. A light wind 
Or breeze, quie (literaj) mihi quiddtim quasi ani- 
mnli© restillavunt, i. e. coolness, recreation, Cic. 

II. A little or dear soul, Sulpic. ap. Cic. 


aNIMOLUS, i, m. dim. (animus), vsed only in ike 
voc: ini animuie I My dear heart! Plaut. 

ANlMUS, i, m. {av€iJ.o^,frovi- aui, ai7fi.L, Sariscr. an, 
to breathe; hence, also, anima). 77ie principle 
of rational or intellectv al life, the spirit 
[whereas anima, the principle of animal life, the soul]. 
I. Prop. A) Gen.: credo decs sparsisse animos in 
corpora humana, Cic; a. est, qui vigt;t, qui sentit, 

qui meminit, &c., Id. B) Esp.: The faculty of tht 

soul that wills, feels, or thinks. 1) The faculty of the 
so nl that wills : Desire, will, intention, pur- 
pose, design, and the like, istum exheredare in 
animo babebnt, he intended, proposed, Cic. ; perse- 
qui Jugurtham a. ardehat, Sail. ; hostcs in foro con- 
stiterunt hoc animo, ut, &c., for the purpose, Ca;s. ; 
a. fert dicere formas, I hove a desire, I desire, I will, 
Ov. ; animi causa, for pleasure or amusnnent; ex 
animo. with all one's heart, wiUinglij, spontaneously. 
2) a) The faculty of the soul that feels : Feeling, 
soul, heart, inclination, disposition, tem- 
per, mood, sentiment, and the like, a. alius ad 
alia vitia propensior, Cic. ; a. perturbatus et incita- 
tus nee cohibere se potest, Id. ; a. promptus et ala- 
cris nd defendendam remp.. Id. b) Of single dis- 
positions of mind, a) Spirit, heart, courage, 
hujus ego temeritati sivirtute atque animo non re- 
stitissem. Cic. ; fac animo mngno fortique sis, Id. ; 
bono animo esse, to be in a good mood, of good 
heart. Frequently in the plnr. : qnog (libros) tu 
laudando animos mihi addidisti, Id. j3) Loftiness 
of spirit, pride, haughtiness, quta (civitas) 
unius tribuni militum auimos ac spiritus capore 
possit, Cic. ■^) A choleric dispositio7i, an- 
ger, parce tuis animis, Prop. 3) a) The faculty of 


the soul that thinks: The mind, intellect, id po- 
testis cum animis lestria cogitare, Cic; recordari 
CLim animo. Id. b) Of pnrticnlar fncnUics ofjiiind.- 
a.) Ml mory, nihil ex illius (Themi-stoclis) aiiiiao, 
quud Heniel asset infusura, umquam etiluere potu- 
isse, Cic. )S) Recollection, consciousness, 
reliquit animus Sextium gravibus acceptis vulneri- 
bus, CaiS. y) Judgmen t, opinion, hoc, meo 
quidem animo. "summi in patriam amoris mei sig- 

num esse debet certifsimuni. Cic. II. Melon. 

A) Of things. Thus, of the nature of plants: hajc 
exuerint silvestrem animum, Virg. Of the xiolevt 
motion of the winds. Id. Of a top. Id. Of the fire 
or liveliness of speech, Quint. B) Concr. Of be- 
loved persojis: mi anime. my love, my dear, Plaut. 

C) i^or anima. Vital power, life,yirg. 

^NiO {a secondary form Anien, Stat.), enis, m.}v). A n i o, a river falling into the T^er, now 
Teverone, Cic; Plor. 
A?^iSUM, i, n. {avLo-ov). Anise, Plin. 
ANiUS, ii, m. Anius, a kijig and priest in Delos, 
ANNA, te, /. Anna, sister of Dido, Ov.; Virg. 
ANNaLIS, e (aunus). I. Lasting a year, of 
a year, a. tempus, a. cursus, Varr. II, C on- 
cer 7iing or relating to years or age, legibns 
a. grandiorem aitatem ad cousulatum constitue- 
bant. fixing the year of life in whirh the consulate 
might be entered upon, Cic. Subst., annalis, is (so. 
liber), commonly plur., annales, ium (sc. libri), m,, 
Chronicles, annals, Cic. In the sing.. Id. 

ANNaLIS. is, 771. Annalis, a Roman surname, 
Thus, Sextus A., Quint. 
ANNASCOR. See Agxascor. 
AN'-NITO (adn.), are, r. n. I. To s^im to or 

toward, Plin. II. To sicim by, or by the 

side of. Sen. 
ANNE. See An. 

AN-N ECTO (adn.), exui, exum, 3 v. n. To join 
to. I. Prop.: To join, tie to, attach to, fast- 
en to, funiculus scaphara annexam trahebat, Cic. 

II. Fig.: To connect, fasten, aitnex, 

adjoin, rebus praisentibus annectitfuturas, Cic 
ANNELLUS. See Anellus. 
ANNEXr.S (adn.). a. ura, part, o/annecto. 
ANNEXUS (adn.), lis, in. (annecto). A tying 
or joining to, Tac 

ANNIaNU.^. a, um. Of ar belonging to An- 
n ins, Cic. Subst., Annianus, i, m.,' Annianus, a 
Roman part in the age of Hadrian, Gell. 
ANNIBAL. See Hannibal. 
ANNiCkRII, orum.n. A Cyrenaic 
sect nf p.'/ilo^i'phers, Cic. 

ANNiCOLUS. a, um (annus). Of a year, one 
year old, n. nuces. Cat 

ANNiFKR, a. um (annus, fero). I. That bears 

fruit all the year round, Phn. II. That 

produces a new stalk or trunk every year, 
ANNiSUS (adn.), n, um, part, ofannitor. 
AN-NiTOR (adn.), nisus or nixus. 3 v. dep. To 
rest or lean upon or against. I. Prop., with 
ad or rt dat. : natura semper ad aliquod tamquam 
admmiculum annititur, Cic. II. Fig.: To ex- 
ert one's self, to strive, to labor. Covslr. 
with ut, ad and a gerund, de or pro teit/i abl., or 
with an iuf: quo mihi acrius annitendum est, at 
nequevoscapiamini, Sail.; Cic; Liv., &c. Absol: 
annitente Crasso, Sail. 


ANNtUS. ii, m. Amiius, a Roman patronymic, 
e. g. T. Aniiius Milo. T. Annius Cimber, &.c. 

ANNiVERSaRIUS, a, um (annus, verto). Re- 
titriiing witk ike revolution of a year, 
yearly, annual, a. eacra, Cic. ; vicissitudines a., 
the change of ike aeaaojis, Id. 

ANNIXUS (ado.), a, vim, part, o/annitor. 

AN-NO (.adn.), are, v. n. and a. I. To swim to 
or toward; wUk nd or an ace. : pauci milites, qui 
naves annare poasent, Cms.; a. paulatira terratj, 

Virg. Absol. : plures annabunt thyniii, Hor. 

II. Melon.: To come to, approack, ilia magna 
commoditas, ut, quod ubique gentium est, ad earn 

urbem posset a., Cic. III. To swim bij or by 

tke side of, pedites annantes equis, Tac. 

ANNO. 5ee Hanno. 


ANNON. Sue An. 

ANNoNA, le, f. (annus; conf. pomona, /rom po- 
mum). The yearly produce of tke earth. I, 

Gen.: vectigal novum ex aalaria a., Liv. II. 

Es^). A) Corn. 1) As food: vilitas annonre ex 
surama inopia et earitate rei frumentariie conaecuta 
est, Cic. ; clausis annonaj subsidiis, Tac. 2) Milit. : 
Provisions, Vcfiet. ; Amra. In the plur. : Am- 
munition bread, Lampr, ; Cod. Th. B) Me- 
lon.: Tke price of corn and food in general, 
putarem annonara in macello cariorem fore, Cic. ; 
a. nihil mutavit, Liv. Poet.: vilia ainicorum a., to 
be had at a low price, Hor. 

ANN(JSU3, a, um (annus). Full of years, 
aged, old, annus a., Ov. ; a. vetustas, Id. , a. cor- 
nix. Hor. 

ANNOTaTSO (adn.), oriis, /. (annoto). A not- 
ing down, observing, a written remark or 
ann otation, librutn meurn cum a. tuis exspecta, 
Plin. E. 

ANNOTaTIUNCOLA (adn.). Ee, /. rfm. A brief 
written remark or annotation, Gell. 

ANNQTaTOR (adn,), oris, m. (annoto). I. An 
observer, remarker, annotator, Plin. 

ANN5TATUS(adn.),iis, m. Remark, observa- 
tion, mortes dignaa annotatu, Val. Max. 

ANNoTiNUS, a, ura (annus ; covf. diutinue, /rom 
din). A year old, of last year, a. naves, of last 
year, Cebs. ; novus fructus cum a., Plin, 

ANN5T0 (adn.), 1 v. a. I. A) To note down, 
write down, a. in scriptis qusedftm ut tumida, 
Plin. E. — B) Esp.: To note down any one as 
impeached, or for punishment, Dig.; Plin. 

E. ; Suet. II. Melon. A) For animadverto : To 

remark, observe, quura annotasaet insculptum 

monumento militera Galium, Suet. B) annotari, 

To be signalized or known, hsBC litora pisce 
nobilL annotantur, Plin. 

ANNULUS. See Anul., &c. 

AN-NOMeRO (adn.), 1 v. a. To number or 
count in witk, reckon together with. 
I. Prop. A) a. denarios. Cic, : his duobus annu- 
merabatur nemo tertius. Id. With in : in gi'egc an- 
numeror, J am counted with the multitude. Id. — 
B) Meton.: To reckon, count, a. agnos duos pro 

uno ove, VaiT, II. Fig.: To set down for, 

to reckon, a. iroperitiiiTncviipsi, to think equal, Dig. 

AN-NUNCiO (adn.) or AN-NUNTfO. 1 v. a. I. 
To ann ounce, proclaim, make known, pub- 
lish, annunciavere, exanimatum ilium, Plin 

U. Meton. Gen.: To relate, App. 


AN-NtiO (adn.), iii (fltuiH, according to Prise. ; 
perf. annuvi, Enn,), 3 v. n. To wivk or nod at 
or to. 1. Prop.: simul ac nnnuissct, o?i tke first 

hint, Cif. ; annucntibus suis evadit, Liv. 

II. Melon. A) To nod witk tke kead, in order to 
signify assent or approbation, to assent, concede, 
agree witk, give consent, approve, allow, 
permit [npp. abnuere, to refuse, deny], id quoque ■ 
toto capite annuit, Cic. ; audocibus atinue coeptia, 
be favorable to, Virg. ; a. falsa, to confess, ajirm, Tac. 

B) To point out (by winking or nodding), 

quos iste annuerat, Cic. C) To promise (any 

thing by a wink or nod), quibus annuls arcein, Virg. ; 
quum annuisset se venturum, Liv. ; a. nutum nu- 
mcnque, to grant one's protection, Id. 

ANNUS, i, m. (conf. Gr. ei/os, eVos). I. A) a) A 
year, nemo est tarn senex, qui se annum non pu- 
tut posse vivere, Cic ; anno exeunte, at the end of 
tke year, Cic. ; extremo anno, Liv. ; instead ofwkick, 
extremo anni, Thc. Poet.: anno -pieno. finished, 
Hor. b) anno, Ijt a year, in a year's time, 
qui a. jam prope aenatum non habuerint, Liv,; 
also, Every year, Plin.; instead of lokich, with in: 
ter in anno: anno also. Last year, a year be- 
fore, Plant, c) annum, For a year, for tke 
space of a year, matronal annum eum luxerunt, 
Liv. d) ad a., A year hence, for tke next or 
coming 'year, ut tibi faciendum est ad a., Cic. 
e) in annum, For a year, prorogatum iu a. im- 

perium est, Liv. B) Esp. : The year of life to wkick 

one must have attained for entering upon an ojjice, 
official year, quod hoc honore (consulatus) me 
atFecistis prima petitione, quod anno meo, Cic, 

II. Melon. A) Poet.: Season of the year, 

formosissimus a., Virg, ; pomifer a., Hor. — B) 
Growth of a year, agricolas aimum tievere, 
Lucan ; arare terram aut exepectare annum, Tac. 
— C) Time of life, age, rugis integer a.. Prop. 

AN-NuTO (adn.). are, v.fregu. 2'o nod often 
to avy one, nunc annutat. Plant. 

ANNtiUM, i. n. ; more frequently in the plur., an- 
nua, orum. Yearly salary, pension. Suet. 

ANNCUS. a,um (annus). L Lasting a year, 
a year long, of a year, a. tempus, Cic; pro- 
vincia, a,, a year's administration, Id. ; conf. magis- 
tratus a., Cies. ; ut annul essemus, to remain for a 
year in tke province, Cic. ; a. dies, the stated year 

(for payments). Id. II. Happening every 

year,y early, annual, a. comrautationes, cAan-^es 
of the seasons, Cic. ; a. vice, and a. vicibus, every 
year, V\m._ 

AN-QUlRO, quisTvi, itura, 3 v. a. (amb, qusro, 
qu. to seek round about; hence) To seek after, 
search for. I. Prop. ; omnia, qua^ sunt ad viven- 
dum necessaria. a., Cic. — —II. Fig. A) Gen. : To 
search into, examine, investigate, anquiren- 
tibua nobis, Cic; a, aut consultare, conducat id 

necne, Id. B) Esp., in Law. ^) To investigate 

jU6i/cwZZ(/, a. deperduellione, Liv. 2) To proceed 
criminally against, accuse, impeach; with 
an abl. or gen. of the punishment, capite anquiaitua, 
Liv. ; quuni capitis anquisiascnt. Id. 

ANQUlSlTJO, onia,/. (anquiro). A judicial 
accusation, Varr. 

ANSA, aB,/. (akin to ensis). L A handle, kaft, 
ear of vessels. Cat; Virg.; Ov. ; tke handle ~of a 
door, Petr. ; any tking to lay hold of, as. the loop of 
a sandal for drawing the straps through, Plin. ; of a 
rudder, Vitr. ; a cramp for holding atones together, 


Id.; the cheek ofabaUnice, Id. 11. Occasion, 

opportunity, excuse, quo plures det sibi tani' 
quam ansas ad reyrchejidendum, Cic. 

ANc>ANCTUS. Sec Amsanctus. 

ANSaTUS, a, um (ansa). Having a handle 
or liantlles, a. vas, Col.; a. tela, having ears, Enn. 
ap. Macr. Facetiously : homo a,, i. e. with his at ms 
a-kimbo. Plaut. 

ANSER, eris, m. [/. Varr.] {Germ, gana, Greek 
xqv, Sanscr. hansa). A goose, gander, Cic; 
Liv. ; Plin. ; a. Amyclaius, a swan into which Jupi- 
ter changed himsdf. Virg. 

ANSER, eris, m. Anse.r, an indelicate poet, 
friend of the triumvir Antonius, Cic. 

ANSERCtJLUS, i, m. dim. (anser). A little 
goose, gosling. Col. 

ANSiiRlNUS, a, um (anser). Of or belong- 
ing to a goose, genus a., Col.; a. adeps, goose- 
grease. Id. 

ANSiBaRII, orum. 771. Ansibarii, apeople.on 
the western bank of the IVeser, in the present Mi n- 
den, Tac. 

ANSt5LA, SB, /. dim. (ansa). A small handle, 
App. ; a small cramp, Id. ; a small loop, Val. Max. 

ANT.^, aram, /. (ante). Pillars in front of a 
ho use, on each side of the door, door-posts, Vitr. ; 
Ecdes in antis, a temple with pillars at the corners of 
the walls. Id.' 

ANT^US, i, m. ('Ai'TaZos). Antaus, a giant, 
killid by Hercules, Ov. : Luc. 

ANTANDR03 (us), i. /. ('ArravSpos). Antan- 
driis, a town of Mysia, near the sea, Plin. Hence, 
Antandrius, a, um, Of Antan dros, Cic. ! 

ANTARCTlCUS, a, um (avrapKriKo^). Antarc- 
tic, southern, Hyg. ; App. | 

ANTS {iLvTo., avTL), adv. and prep. In front, '■ 
before. I. Adv. A) Of place: Before, in front, I 
forward, ingredi nnn a, sed retro, Cic. — B) Of \ 
time: Before, previously, illos septem et multis 
a. seculie Lycurgum accepimus fuisse sapientes, I 
Cic. ; multo a., long ago. Id. ; tanto a., so long be- 
fore. Id. ; anno a. quiim mortuus est, a year before 
he died, before his death. Id. Poet., as an adj. : ig- 
nari a. malorum. of the j^'^eviovs sufferings ; in ' 

Greek ra irplv KaKa, Virg. C) Of success io7i, order: 

First, ut a. caput, deinde reliqua para auf'eratnr, 

Cels. II. Prcp.withacc. A) Of place: Before, 

ut a. Guos hortulos piscaretur, Cic; fosaa erat a. i 

oppidum, Ctes. B) Of time: 1) Before. a.lucem 

venire, Cic; a. horam tertiam, Cks. ; a. has mcas 
literas, before the receipt of this letter, Cic. 2) Esp. j 
a) a. tempus, before the (jiroper. legal) time, qui fac- ' 
tus est consul bis, primum a. tempus, iterum sibi 
6UO tempore, Cic. b) a) a. diem {abhrcv. a. d.), with 
an ordinal number, denotes the day of the month: I 
me a. d. XIII. Kalendas .Tanunriaa principem revo- 
candee libertatis fuisse, the \3lh before the Calends , 
of Jan., i. e. the 20(/i of December, Cic. ; thu.<, a d. : 
VI. Kal. Novembr,, the 27th of October; a. d. IV. Id. I 
Mart, (ante diem quartum Idus Martias), the 12th of i 
Marrh ; a. d. III. Non. Jan. M. Cicero nntus est, the ' 
3rf of Jan., Cell. As the expression a. diem was con- I 
sidercd an one word, we sovi-climcs Jin d it preceded by 
ex and in : de Quiiito fratre nuncii nobis ti-i.^^tea 
vencrant ex a. d. III. Non. Jun. usque ad prid. Kal. I 
Sept., the 3rf of June, Cic; ca^dem te oplimatium ! 
contulisse in a. d V. Kal. Nuv„ for the '2Sth of Oct. ; j 
thus, iu a. d IV. Kal. Dec. on the 2HiA of Nov. j 
8) a. diem, before the proper time, Ov. ; Virg. ; a. I 

hnnc diem numquam, Jiever till now, Plaut ; Ten 

C) Of succession or rank, instead of the usual 

pra; : a) quern a. me diligo, above myself, beuertfum 
myself, Balb. ap. Cic; facundidGrar^cos, gloria belli 
Gallos a. Romanos fuisse, have surpassed, Sail.; ne- 
cessitas a. rationem est. goes before, is above, Clurt. 
Thus, veryfreg., b) a. alios, a. omnes, before others, 
bffore all, unam longe a. alias pulchritudine insig- 
nem. Liv. a) Befuve all things, first, primum, 
Quint. ^) Priiicipally, ezceedingly, mosstitia eo a. 
omnia insignis. quia, &.C., Liv. III. In compo- 
sition, ante mostly has a local meaning (Prop, and 
Fig.): Before, foremost, anteterre, anteire, an- 
teponere, &c. W'tth reference to time, it is, perhaps, 
ustd by classic writers only in adjectives and ad- 
verbs: antelucanus. antemeridianus, antehac. In 
verbs of time, the preposition is better written sepa- 
rately : ante actus, ante factus, ante paro, Slc. In 
later Latinily, we find these vtrb.i as compounds. 

ANTka, adv. (ante-ea. like postea, posthac, antE- 
hac). Before, former ly, heretofore, in time 
past (with referen ce to a past or present point of 
time), et antea laudatus, Cic. ; fuit a. tempus. quum 
Germanos Galli virtute superarent, Cffis. ; Plin. 

ANTEACTUS, a, um, and ANTEAGO, better 
written as two words. 

ANTe-CaNIS, is, m. (-rrpoKvaiv). The Lesser 
Dog-star, so called from its rising before the 
greater dog-star, Cic. poet. 

ANTE-CiPIO, cepi, ceptum, 3 v. a. To lake 
beforehand. I. Prop.: a. multa quae bello Usui 
forent, to take possession of beforehand, pre-occupy^ 

Sail. II. Fig.: antecepta animo rei infonua- 

tio, a previous notion, innate idea. Cic. ; a. noctein, 
to anticipate, not to wait for it. Sail. ; conf. a. tem- 
pus legatorum, to anticipate, come before, Id. 

ANTeCeDENS. entis.- I. Part, of antecedo. 
U. Subst. In RhiX.: That which pre- 
cedes, the antecedent, Cic 

ANTe-CeDO, essi, essum,3 v. n. and a. To go 
before, precede; with dat. ace, and abfol. I. 
Prop. A) Gen. : qui (equites) agmen antecessissent, 
Cms.; a. signa, bifore the standards. Curt — B) 
Fsp. : To get the start, take the lead, Pom- 

peius expeditus antecesserat legiones, Cic. ^11. 

Fig. A) Gen. .- si huic rei ilia antecedit, huic non 

antecedit, Cic; antpcedens annus, Plin. B) Esp.: 

To have the st art of or advantage over, be 
superior, surpass, excel, natura hominis pe- 
cudibus antecedit, Cic. 

ANTE-CELLO, ere, r. n. To be eminent, he 
superior to, to surpass, excel; with dot., in 
alqa re. re, or absol., a. ceteris eloquenlia, Cic. ; an- 
tecellere omnibus ingenii irloria, to surpass nil in the 
glory of genius, Id. With acc- : eloquentia ceteros 
antecellis. thou art superior to the others in eloquence, 

ANTECEPTTJS. See Antecapio. 

ANT£CEt;^tO. onis,/. (antecedo). I. A going 
before, preceding, Cic. II. Esp.: A pre- 
ceding rai/'ir. condition, Cic. 

ANTECESSOR, oi-is, »n. (ant<>cedo. he that goes 
before). Milit. : A kind of detachment sent forward, 
for antecursores, an advanced guard. Suet; 
Auct, B. AlV. 

ANTeCI'^SSUS. us, m. (antecedo). A goivg 
before ; occurs only in in antecessum, befm'eknvd, 
in advance, in a. dare, solvere, accipere, &c., topalf 
in adva7ice, to get paid in advance, Sen.; Flor. 


A24T£-CURRO, 3 v. a. To run before, pre- 
cede, Stella enlera antecurrens, Vitr. 

ANTb:CURSOR, oris, m. (untecurro). A fore- 
runner, pioneer. MUit.: A detachment sent for- 
ward to prepare quarters and other riecesaaries for the 
main body, an advanced guard, Cks. 

ANTEDICO, ANTEDICTUS, wHtien more prop- 
erly as two words. 

ANTe-£0, ivi or ii, 4 v. n. and a. [the old form-, 
antideo, aritidit,/or anteeo, antoit, Plaut. ; anteis, ant- 
eit, &c., vsed as btsylt., Hor. ; Ov. ; and other poets : 
Contracted forms, anteat, antibo, antire, antisse, Sec, 
Ov. : Tnc.J. Togo before, precede. 1. Prop.: 
With dat., ace, and absol. : antuibant llctores, Cic. ; 

a. alqm, Hor. II. Fig. A) 'J'o go before, 

tttirpass, outdo, excel one in a thing, Cato, qui 
his ttjtHte antcibat, Cic. Absol. : a. operibus, to dis- 
tinguish one's self by one's actions, Cses. — B) To 
aiiticipate, meet, oppose, re siai, a, damn atio- 
nem, Tac. ; a. auctodtati parentis, to resist, oppose, 
Id. C) To know beforehand, Sil. 

ANTEFAC 10, ANTEFACTUS, wriiiew more ifl-oiJ- 
erly an two words. 

ANTE-FeRO, tuli, latum, ferre. To carry or 
bear before. I. Prop.: a. fasces, Cass.; a. ima- 
gines clarissimarum tamiliarum, the pictures of an- 
cestors at funerals, Tac. II. Fig. A) To pre- 
fer, give the preference, a. longe omnibus 

unnm Demosthenem, Cic. B) To anticipate, 

to consider beforehand, cousilio n. debemus, 
Cic, doubtful (written as two words in Orell.). 

ANT£-F1XUS, a, um. i. Fixed or fastened 
before any thing, affixed or nailed to any 

thing, a. ora truncia arborem, Tac. II. Siibst., 

antefixa, orum, n.. Little ornaments affixed 
to the roofs of houses or temples, Liv. ; Vitr. 

ANTEGERO and ANTEGESTUS, a, um, written 
more properly as two words. 

ANT£-GRKDIOIi, essus, 3 v. dep. (ante, gradior). 
To go bp.fore, precede. Prop, and Fig., Cic. 

ANTe-HaBkO, ere, v. a. To prefer, ne iucred- 
Ibilia veris aiitehabeant, Tac. 

ANT^-HaC \the old form antidhac, as antidea 
for antea, Plaut.], adv. I. Before this (^present) 
time, former Ly, before now, hitherto, in 
time past [aotea, before any time] : a. sperare sal- 

tem licebat. nunc, &c., Cic. il. Sometimes for 

antea, Before any time, formerly, saspe a. 
fidem prodiderat, Sail. 

ANTKLATUS. a, um, part, o/antefero. 

ANTe-LUCaNUS, a, um (ante, lux). Before 
daylight, before daybreak, very early, ex 
a. tempore, Cic. ; a. coenifi, till daybreak. 

ANTE-MKRTDlANUS,a,um(ante, meridies). In 
or of the forenoon, before mid- day, a. sermo, 
Cic. ; a. literm, that has arrived before noon, Id. 

ANTe-MITTO, ere, v. a. To send before or 
forward (_usually prasmittere), antemissis equiti- 
bus, Cffis. 

ANTEJMN.iE, arum [sing. Antcmna. Cato ; Sil.], 
/. Antemnm, a ciii/ of the Sabine8,Varr.; Virg. ; 
Plin. Hence, Antemnates, The inhabitants of 
Antem.7i(E, Liv. 

ANTENNA (antemna), !fi,/ (am, teneo). A sail- 
yard, Cebs.; Liv.; Hor. 

ANTjeNOR, oris, m. QAvTqvttip). An ten or, a 
Trojan, who founded Patavium (Padua), Virg. 

ANTeNOReUS, a, um(Antenor). Antenorean 
or Patavinian, Mart. 


ANTfiNORlDES, ae, m. (Antenor). A descend- 
ant of Antenor, Virg. 

ten more properly as two words. 

ANTEPARO and ANTEPARTU3, written more 
properly as two words. 

ANTe-PES, edis, m. I. The forefoot, Cic. 
II. A forerunner, a servile client that walk- 
ed before his patron, Juv. 

ANTe-PiLaNUS, i, m. MUit.: Li plur , Sol- 
diers who fought before the pilani; the has- 
tati and principes so called because they fought 
in front of the triarii, called pilani, froin their (pihi), 
long javelins, Liv. 

ANTePoNO, sui, situm, 3 v. a. To set or 
place before or forward. I, Prop.: a. cqnitum 
locos aedilibus plobis, Tac; a. prandium, Plaut. 

n. Fig. A) Gen.: ut omnia causis tiant aii- 

tepositis, Cic. — B)Esp.: To prefer, give the 
preference, quern mihi ipsi antepono, Cic. In 
tmesi: mala bonis ponit ante, Id. 

ANTEQUAM, or, in two word.% ANTE QUAM. 
Before that, before, sooner than, a. de rep. 
dicam, exponam, &c., Cic. 

ANTfiROS, Otis, m. ('Ai/Tepcos). Anteros. I. 
(The ndoa-sary of Eros'^, The avenger of contemned 
love, Cic. II. A land of amethyst, Plin. 

ANTES, ium, m. Rows or ranks, for instance, 
of vines, Virg. ; Col. Of the ranks of an army, Cat 

ANTk-SCHOLaNUS, i.TTi. (schola). An undet 
teacher, nsher, Petr. 

ANTJi-SIGNiNUS, i, m. (ante, signum, before or 
in front of the standard; hence), I, antesignani (sc. 
milites). Soldiers who fought in front of 

the eagles and standards, Cses. ; Liv. II. Me- 

ton.: One who fights in the first ranks, a 
leader, a. in acie Pharsalica, Cic. 

ANTE-STO or ANTiSTO. st6ti, 1 v. n. To 
stand h efo r e ; fig., to excel, surpass ; absol., 
to distinguish one' s self, to be eminent, 
superior, Crotoniatai mulEum omnibus (dat.) cor- 
porum viribus (abl.) antesteterunt, Cic. 

ANTESTOR, atus, 1 v. dtp. (conir. from ante- 
testor). I. In Law: To call upon any one to 

be witness of or to an arrest, &c., Hor. II. 

Mtton., Gen. : nifi iste te antestaretur, Cic. 

ANTe-VeNIO, eni, entum, 4 v. n. and a. I, To 
get before, a. alcui, Plant.; a. exercitura, SalL 

II. Fig. A) To prevent, anticipate, 

fr ustrate, a. consilia et insidias hostium, Sail. — 
B) To exceed, excel, surpass, amor omnibus 
rebus antevenit, Plaut. Absol.: beneticia ubi mul- 
tum antevenere, i. e. become too great. Tac. 

ANTe-VERTO C-vort), ti, sum, 3 v. a. [as dep. 
antevortar, Plaut.]. Togo before, precede. I. 
Prop. A) tum antevertens, turn subsequens, Cic. 

B) Esp. : To take or win the lend, to get 

6e/orc, itaque antevertit, Cic. II. Fig. A) To 

anticipate, prevent, Fannius antevertit, Cic. 

B) To place before, prefer, omnibus oon- 

ailiis antevertendum existimavit, thinks he must pre- 
fer it to all other plans, Cass. 

ANTe-VOLO, are, v. n. To fly before, fama 
a. currum, .Stat- 

ANTHeDON, 6nis, /. ('Av9-r]&Mv). Anthedon. 

1. A sea-port of BcEotia, where Glaucus was bom, Ov. 

2. A maritime toion of Palestine, afterward called 
Agrippias, Plin. 

ANTHeDONiUS, a, um. Anthedonian, Stat, 


ANTHeMIS, I<}i3, /. i^6.f6efj.C^). Chamomile 
(Fam. SyiiaiiLliprea), Plin. 

viNTHKJMCSiAt?, adis,/. Anlliemusias, atown 
of Mi'snprif.amia, Tac. 

ANTHeKiCOS, i, TTi. (iv0e>iKos). The stem of 
asphodel, I'lin. 

ANTHlAS, m, m. (dfflias). A kind of sea fish, 

ANTHINUS, a, urn (icflti'ds). Prepared from 
flower it, H. mel, PHn. 

ANTHdLOGiCA, orum, n. (avOoKoyLKo.). An 
anthnl'jgii, a collection of writings, Plin. 

ANTHRXCiNUS, a, um iav9p6.Kivo^). Black 
as a dial, Vnrr. 

ANTHRSCiTIS, idis, /. (ii-epaKiTty). Coal 
carbuncle, Plin. 

ANTHRAX, acia. m. {avBpa.^, coal). I. Cinna- 
bar, Vitr. II. In Midic: A carbuTicle (in 

pure Lnt carbunculus), ^mil. Max. 

ANTHRoPOGRAPHOS, i, m. {iv0pu7Toypd4>o^). 
A portraitpai nier, Plin. 

ANTHRoPoPHlGUS, i, m. {avepuiTra^iyos). A 
man-eater, Plin. 

ANTHUS, i, m. (avOos)- A yellow wagtail, 



ANTlBACCHlUS, i, m. (il'Tl^aKxe^os). An 
antibacchius, the poetical foot -^ — — . Ter. 
Maur, ; a. versus, that consists of such feet, Diom. 

ANTIC aTO, onis, 77i. Aiiticato, CcEsar' s reply 
to Cicero's pannsyric of Calo, Quint.; Juv. ; Gell. 

ANTICHTHONES, ura (ai/rix^oi-e?)- Antipo- 
des, Plin. 

ANTiCiPaTIO, onis,/. (anticipo). A notion 
of a thing antecedently to instruction, an 
inn ate idea, Cic. 

ANTt-CiPO, 1 V. a. and n. (ante, capio). I. Act. 
A) Tn take beforehand, to anticipate, fig.: 
anticipae ejus rei molestiain, anticipate affliction, 
distress yourself beforehand, Cic. ; a, viam. to get the 
start, Ov. ; a. mortem, to kill one's self beforehand. 
Suet. — B) To surpass, excel, a. acumen alcjs, 

Aus. 11. I^eufr. : To come before or- mirli- 

er, venti uno die anticipantes, Plin. 

ANTICIRRHA, ffi. See Anticyra. 

ANTICLeA, a;,/. An tide a, the mother of Ulys 
ses, mJsta/cen by Cicero for Euryclea, his nurse, Cic. 

ANTiCUS, a, um (ante). That is in front, 
foremost, anterior [opp. posticus], in a. partem 
pelli, Cic. 

ANTiCyRA, (b (AiiticyrfB. arum, and Anticirrha, 
86), /. ('AcTLKupa). Antictjra, an islaiid in the 
Mgean, near the Sinus Maliacus, famous for helle- 
bore, Hor. 

ANTiDOTUM, i, 7J.. and -US or -OS, i,f. (ivrCSo- 
TOf or -os). I. A counter-poison, antidote, 

remedy. Gels.; Quint.; Spart. 11. Fig.: a. 

adversuB Cseearem, Cass. 

ANTIENSIS. See Antium. 

ANTIGONE, es. or ANTIGONA, eb,/. ('Airiyoi^). 
A n tig on e, a daughter of (Edipus, king of Thebes, 
Hyg. ; Prop.; Juv. 2. A daughter of Laomcdon, 
king of Troy.Ov. 

ANTKjONeA, m, f. ('AvTiyoveia or 'AvnyovCa). 
Antigon ea, the name of several towns. 1. I.i Epi- 
riis^ l.iv. 2. Jn Macedonia, Id. 3 In Arcadia, Id. 
4. In Troas. Plin. 

ANTIGONENSIS, I.-. Of or belonging to 

An tig o?) ea, A. agt^v, Liv. Sabs*.: An in habit- 
am of A ntigo nea, Plin. 

ANTlGONUS, \,m. {'AvTCyovo?). Antigonus. 

I. The name, of several kings aft^r Alexander the 
Gnat: Antigonus I., thefathei- of Demt-lrius Potior- 
ceti-s. Cic ; Nep. ; Just. ; A. Gouatas, the non of De- 
metrius Puliurr.ites, Just.; A. Doson, Just. 2. An 
a7nbassador of King Deioiarns, Cic. 

ANTILiBXXUS, i, m. Antilibanus, a chain 
of mountains in Fhmnicia, opposite Mount Libaitm, 

ANTiL0CHUS,i,7/t. ('Ai'Ti'A.oxos). Antilochug, 
a son of Nestor, Hor. ; Ov. 

ANTIMaCHUS, i, m. ('Arrijitaxos)- Antima- 
chus. 1. A Greek poet, of Colophon, a contmpOr 
rary of Socrates and Plato, Cic. ; Prop. 2. A cenr 
laur, Ov. 

ANTfNQMIA, ae, /. (icTtvoju-ta). An opposi- 
tion of laics to each other, Quint. 

ANTIOCHEA, as. See Antiochia. 

ANTI6CHENSIS, e. L (Antiochia) Of or be- 
longing to Aniioch, A. plebs, Amm. Subsl.: 
An inhabitant of Antioch, Cass.; Tac. r 

II. (Antiochus) Of or belonging to Antio- 
chus. A. pecunia, received from him, Val. Max. 

ANTiOCHeUS or -lUS, a, um. Of or belong- 
ing to the philosopher Antio chns, Antiochian, 
Antiochea cqntemnere, Cic. 

ANTIOCHIA or -EA, m,f. ('Avrtoxeia). Antio- 
chia, Antioch, the name of several towns, esp. the 
capital of Syria, situate on the River Oronies, buUt 
by Seleucus Nicator, now Antakia, Cic, 

ANTiOCHiNUS, a, um (Antiochus). Of or i^ 
longing to the philosopher Antiochus, Cic. 

ANTiOCHiUS. See Antiocheus. 

ANTIOCHUS, i, m. (JAvrioxo^)- Antiochus, 

1. The name of several kings of Syria, esp. A. Mag- 
nus, celebrated for his wars with the Romans, Liv.; 
Cic. 2. An Academic philosopher, whose lecturts 
Cice7'0 and Brutus fittended, Cic. 

ANTiOPA, tB, /. ('AiTioTTT)). Antiope. \. A 
daughter of Nycieiis, wife of Lycus king of Theba, 
mother of Amphion and Zfthtis, tied by Dirce to ike 
neck of a bull, Hyg. 2, The name of a tragedy of 
Pactivius, Cic. 

ANTiPaTER [Antipatrus, Inscr.], tri, m. ("Avrt- 
TTctTpos). Antipaler. 1. A general and siicc£ssor 
of Alexander tite Great, father of Cassander^ Cic. 

2. His grandson, son of Cassander, son-in-law of 
Lysimachus, Just. 3. 2'/te name of several philoso- 
phers: a Cyrenaic philosopher, Cic; a Stoic pkilos- 
opher. Id. ; a contemporary of Cicero and Tyrus, Id. 
4. A famous jurist. Id. 

ANTIPaTHIA, le, /. (ivriirdOeia). A natural 
contrariety of two things to each other, ajttipor 
thy, Plin. 

ANTiPATRiA, a?, /. Antipatria, a town of 
Macedonia, Liv. 

ANTiPHaTES. te, m. ('AvTK^aTijg). Antipha- 
tcs. 1. A cruel king of the La-strygunes, Ov. ; Juv,; 
Sil. 2. A .ton of Sarpedon, Virg. 

ANTiPUON, ontis, m. ('Ai^ti^wi'). Antiphon. 

1. A famous sophist in the lime of Socrates, Cic. 

2. An interpreter of dreams. Id. 
ANTIPODES, um, m. (ii-TiVoSes)- I- Antipo- 
des, Keel. II. Fig.: Of banqueters, Sen. 

ANTiQUaRIUS. a, um (antiquus). I. Cob- 
cerned with antiquity, a, ara, the art of read- 
ing and copying old codices, Hor. 11, Suba. 

A) antiqunrius, ii, ra. 1) An antiquary, an an- 
tiquarian, nee quemquam adeo a. puto, Tac. ; 
Suet. 2) One who knows how to read and to copy old 
manuscripts. Cod. Th. B^ antiquaria, as, /., AJe- 
male lover of antiquity, a female antiqua- 
ry, Juv. 

ANTtQ,UE, adv. (antiquus). I. Anciently/, in 

old time, nntiquissime regnasse, Sol. II. In 

an ancient or venerable mamt er, in anti- 
quated style or language,'ilQr, Compar., Ta.c. 

ANTlCiUiTAd, atis,/. (antiquus). Aiicient or 
former time, antiquity. I. Prop.: ab ultima 
:>,., Cic. II, Melon. A) The events or histo- 
ry of antiquity, tenenda omriis a., Cic. In the 
j^^Hr., autiquitates, Antiquities, as a title of Ma- 
torical and archesological works, historical records, 
Plin.; Gell. — B) People of ancient times, an^ 
cients, errabat multis in rebus a., Cic. C) An- 
cient customs, primitive virtue, integri- 
ty, honesty, Rutiliue doeumentum fiiit a., pruden- 
tiifi, Cic. D) Ancientness, age, a. generis, Cic. 

ANTIQUf TOS, adv. (antiquus ; conf. humanitus, 
divinitua, /rom humanus, divinua). I. Of old, an- 
cicntly, in old times, Belgas Rhenun:i a. trans- 

ductos, CfflS. II. Down from ancient 

times, jam inde a. insita pertinacia, Liv. 

ANTlQUO, Iv.a. (antiquus). 7'o declare any 
thing to be old or obsolete, to annul, repeal^ 
abrogate, reject, legem agrariam antiquari pas- 
8U3 est, Cic. 

ANTIQUUS, a, um (ante). Old, that has been 
before [denotes a being before, of time (as anticus 
denotes a being before, of place) opp. nnvus, new, 
that has been only since a short while ; distinct from 
vetus, existing for a long timp, opp. recens, that has 
not yet long existed, young, fresh]. 1- Prop.: cau- 
sam suBcepisti antiquiorem memoria tua, Cic. ; au- 
tiquior dies, an older da[e,ld. Siibst., antiqui. The 

ancients, antiquorum auctoritaa, Cic. II. 

Melon. A) 71iat is of the o4d fashion, hon- 
est, upright, frank, sincere, plain-deal- 
ing, simple, homines a., qui ex sua natura cete- 
ros fingerenc, honest, plain people, of the old fashion, 

Cic. B) In the Compar. and Saperl. : Old i?i 

fame or reputation, sacred, celebrated, famed, 
excellent, quod honestius, id mlhi est antiquius, 

Cic. ; longe antiquissimum ratus, Liv. C) For 

vetus: That existed or happened long since, 
lid, antiqua templa deum, Hor. ; antiquissiraa 
flcripta, Id. ; antiquum obtinere, to retain the old 

fashion of living. Plant. D) Aged, old, cives 

a., old people, Pac. ap. Cic. ; a. Butes, Virg. 

ANTISPASTUS, i, m. (ivT(<m-a<rro?). In Metr. (sc. 

pes). An antispast, the poetical foot, ^ ^.-^, 

Gramra. Hence, antiapasticum metrum, a metre 
consisting chiefly of antispasts, Gramm. 

ANTISSA, ffi, /. ("AiTLtro-a). Antissa, a town 
in the south of Lesbos, now Petra, Liv. Hence, An- 
tissffli, orum, m., The inhabitants of Antissa, 

ANTISTES, afitis (ante, sto, presiding; hence, 
subst.) A president, overseer. I. Oen. : a, vin- 
deraiatorum, Coll. II. JEsp. A) He who pre- 
sides over atemple, a priest, Cic; Liv. Asfem.: 
A female president of a temple, chief priest- 
ess, Liv.; Val. Max. B) Meton. : One who is 

initiated into any thing, a mhstir of it, 
artis dicendi a., Cic. 

ANTTSTHi?:NKS, is andm. m. CAvTia-Bevrfq). A v- 

tiathenes, a pupil of Socrates, teacher of Diogenes, 
and founder of the Cynic philosophy, Cic. 

ANTlSTiTA, m,f. See Antistes. A female 
president of a temple, a chi efp riestess, Cic. ; 

ANTISTO. See Antesto. 

ANTlSTROPIie, es,/. (avTtorpo./n)). An anti- 
strophe in the choruses of the Greek tragedy, 

ANTiTHfeSIS, is,/ (avrCe^cri^). A grammatical 
fgure, when one letter is put for anotlitr {for in- 
stance, Dili /or illi, Gramm. 

ANTIUM, ii, n. Antium, a maritime town of 
the Volsci in Latium, now Torre d'Aitzo, Cic; 
Plin. Hence, A) Antianue, a, um, Of or belong- 
ing to Antium, Non. — B) Antias, atia, Of or 
belonging to Antium, A. populus, Liv.; Va- 
lerius A., V. Antias, an. historian before Livy, Gell. 
Subst., Antiates, um, The inhabitants of An- 
tium, Liv. C) Antiatinus, n, um, Antian, A. 

Fortunas, Suet. — D) Antiensis, e, Antian, A. tera- 
plum, Val. Max. 

ANTLlA, fB, /. (avrKCa). A machine for raising 
water, worked by the feet, a pump. Suet.; Mart. 


ANToNIASTER, tri, m. (Antonius; emf surd- 
aster, from surdua). Little Antony, in a con- 
temptuous sense, hie noster A., Cic. 

ANToNlNUS, i, m. (Antonius). Antoninus, 
the name of several Roman emperors; esp. A. Pius 
and M. Aurelius A, Philosophus. Hence, adj.. An- 
toninianus, a, um, Of or belonging to Anto- 
nine, Eutr. 

ANToNiUS, a. Antonius, a Roman patronym- 
ic. Thus, esp. M. Antonius, the famous triumvir, de- 
feated by Octavianus at Actium, Cicero's mortal en- 
emy ; M. A., the uncle of the former, a famous ora- 
tor, who flourished shortly before Cicero, Cic; C. A. 
was consul with Cicero. Fern. : Antonia, a daugh- 
ter of the triujnmr A.. Plin. Hence, adj. A) Anto- 
nius, a, um, Of or belonging to A., A. lex, by 
the triumvir A., Lentul. ap. Cic. Subst., Antonii, 
The partisans of the triumvir Ant., Lepid. ap, 

Cic.?' doubtful (another reading Autoniani). B> 

Antonianug, a, um. 1) Of or belonging to the 
triumvir Ant., Cic. Subst.. Autonianae, arum,/ (-sc, 
orationes), (Philippic) orations delivered by Cicero 
against Antonius, Gell. 2) Of or belonging to 
the orator Antonius, A, dicendi ratio, Cic. 

ANTONoMXSIA, a;./. (aVTovofiaa-Ca). A jig. of 
Rhet., when the epithets of a name are put for the 
name itself. Quint. 

ANTRO, onis, m. Antra, a Roman proper name 

ANTRON, onis,/. CAi/Tptiv). Antron, a town 
of Phihiotis, in Thessaly, Liv, 

ANTRUM, i, n. (avrpov). A cave, cavern, 
grotto, Virg. ; Hor. ; said of a sedan-chair, Juv. ; 
a. narium, the cavity of the nose, Sid. 

JtNtJBIS, is and idis (ace. Anubin, Prop. ; Ann- 
ben, Plin,), m. ('Avov^Cs). Anuhis, an Egyptian 
deity with a dog's head, Virg. 

aNOLaRIUS (ann.), a, um (anulus). I. A) Co n- 
ccrned with signets, a. creta /or anulare, clialk 

for rings, Vitr. B) Scalffi a., A place of Rome in 

the eighth district, perhaps the residence oftfis ring- 

Tnakeis, Suet, IL Subst., anularius, ii, m., A 

ring-vtaker, Cic 

ANtJLATUP (ann.), a, um (anulus). Furnish- 

id with a Ting, ringed, a. aures, FL-iut. ; a. 
pedeg./eMcTfitf, App, 

aNCLUS (ann.). i> '™- -^"'7 thing rim g -formed, a 
rivg. I. Gen.: a. virgei, rings made of willows, 
Plin. ; a. velares, citrtain-rings, Id. ; a. catensB, a 
link of a chain, Id.; fctiirs, Mart; a curled lock of 
hair. Id. ; a round ornament on the capitals of col- 

7j.mns, Vibir. II. Eep. : A ring for the fingc-r, 

a signet-ring, a. ioduere, to put on, Cic, The 
wearing of gold rijigs was a privilege of knights ; 
hence, aiiulum invenire, to become a knight, Cic. ; 
jii3 anulorum, the rank of a hiight, Suet 

aNUS, us [aZso-ui3,Ter.],/, {akin to Germ. ahn). 
An old woman, an old dame, old wife, q\im 
est a. tarn delira? Cic. Of the sibyl, Hor. Adj. : 
Old, aged, a. matronae, tiuet. Of animals : cer- 
va a., Ov. Of things : charta a., Catull. 

aNUS, i, m. 7'he furidament, Cic; Cels. 

ANXfE, adv. (anxius). Anxiously, with anx- 
iety or grief, a. ferre alqd, Sail. 

ANXfETAS, atis,/. (anxius). I. Anxiety [as a 
lasting state, an anxious disposition ; but angor, an- 
guish as transitory], Cic. II. Melon, for an- 
gor. A) Anguish, fear, trouble, disquiet, 
anxietate divortii mortuus, Plin. — B) Careful- 
ness, anxious care, thoughtfulness, quis- 
rendi, judicandi,- comparandi a,, Quint. 

ANXIFER, era, erum (anxius, fero). That 
brings or causes anxiety^ distressing, a. 
cura^, Cic. poet. 

ANXiTuDO, inis, /. (anxius). Anxiety, an- 
guish, solicitude, a. prona ad luctum, Cic. 

ANXlUS, a, um (ango). Anxious [as a last- 
ing condition of the mind], inclined to anxiety. 
I. Prop. : neque omnea anxii, qui anguntur aliquan- 
do, Cic. II. A) Gen. ; Also of transitory an- 
guish. Anxious, solicitous, seized with an- 
guish, troubled, disquieted, apprehensive, 
a. animo et soilicito, Cic. ; anxium habere alqm, to 
render any one anxious or solicitou^, Tac. ; anxius 
animi, of an anxious mirid, vexed in mind, Sail. ; a. 
alqa re, alarmed by any thing, Liv. ; Suet. Instead 
of which we aho find a. alcjs rei, Liv. ; a. sm, fear- 
ing for himself, Tac. With de, Quint. ; SueU; a., 

ne ■ bellura oriatur, Sail. B) Meton. 1) Ad. : 

Causing anxiety, distressing, ajgritudiucs a. 
atque acerbte, Cic; timor a., Virg. 2) That is 
done with care, carefully wrought, elegantia 
orationis neque morosa neque a., Gell. 

ANXUR, iiris, 7t. and m. Anxur, a maritime 
town of Laiium, called also Tarracina and Terraci- 
na, Hor. ; Plia. 

ANXORAS, atia, m. Of or belonging to 
Anxur, populus A., Liv. 

ANXtJRUS, i, m. Juppiter A., worshipped at 
Anxur, Virg. 

ANYDROS. See Anhydeos. 

aNyTUS, i, m. (^AyuTos). Anyt us, an accuser 
of Socrates, Hor. 

aONES, urn, m. (*Aov6s). Poet. for BcBotian, 

aONIS, idis, /. (Aones). Poet., A female in- 
habitant nf Bceotia. In the plur., Aonides, Th e 
Mu s e s, as inhabitants of Helicon, Ov. 

aONIUS, a, um. Aonian; poet., of or belong- 
ing to Bceotia, Bceotian, A. vir, Hercules, a na- 
tive of I'hebes, Ov. ; A. juvenis, Hippomenes, Id. ; A- 
deuB, Bacchus, Id. ; A. aquse, Aganippe, Id. ; A, so- 
rores, the Muses, Id. 


AORNOS, i, m. ("Aopj/os, without birds), I. Tk 

Lake Avernus, Virg. 11. Fern. : A high rock in 

India, Curt. 

iPXGE, intcTJ. (aTTaye). Begone! away! off 
with ! &c., depart! avaunt ! a. te, Plant; Ter.; 
a. te a me, Plant 

APitM£A or -lA, se, /. (ATrdfjieLa). Apamea. 
1. An important town of Cicle Syria, on the Oronteg, 
Liv. 2. A town of Phrygia Major, Cic 3. A ttmn 
of Biihynia, Plin. 

aPIMEENSIS and XPaMENSIS, e (Apamea). 
Of or belonging to Apamea in Phrygia Ma* 
jor, A. civitas, Cic. 

XPELLA, te, m. Apclla. 1. The name of a 
freedman at Rome, Cic. 2. A credulous Jem m the 
time of Horace ; lienct, Prov. for a credulous person, 

JiPELLES, is, 771. ('ArcAA^s)- Apelles, o cde- 
brnted painter in the time of Alexander the Great, 
Cic _ _ 

aPeLLeUS, a, um (Apelles). Of or belong- 
ing to Apelles, A. tabulae, Prop. 

aPENNiNICOLA, eb, comm. (Apenninua, cob). 
An inhabitant of the Apennines, Virg. 

aPENNiNIGkNA, ifi, comm. (Apenninus, gigno). 
Born on the Apennines, Ov. 

aPENNINUS (Apenin.), i, m. In the plur.: Ap- 
ennines, a chain of mountains which run diagon- 
ally across Italy, Cic. 

APER, pri, m. {akin to Greek KaTrpos, Gem. 
Eber, Sauscr. veraha). I. A wild boar, boar, 
a. Erymanthius {killed by Hercules), Cic Prov.i 
uno saltu duos apros capere, to kill two birds loith 
one stone, Plaut ; apros immittere liquidis fontibue, 

for any thing perverse, Virg. II. A kind offsk, 

sea-hog, Enn. ap. App.; Plin. 

APER, pri, 771. Aper, a Roman surname, Tac. 

aPeRANTiA, m,f. {'AirepavTCa). Aperantia, 
a Country of Thessaly, south of the Dolopes, Lir. 
Hence, subst., Aperantii, orum, m., The inhabit- 
ants of Aperantia, Liv. 

aPeRiO, erui, ertum, 4 [fut. aperibo, Plaut] (ab, 
pario, as, on the contrary, operio, from ob, pario). 
To uncover, bare. I. Prop. A) a. corpus, Cips. ; 
Cic. ; aperto pectore, with a bare breast, Ov. In- 
stead of which, poet., apertae pectora matres. hare. 

B) Melon. 1) {from the intermediate idea ofmak- 

ing visible) : To open any thing shut, causeto 
be seen, make visible, discover, display,, 
show, reveal, abstuli, aperui, legi, Cic. ; a. por- 
tas, Cebs, ; ventus incendio viam aperuit, opened 
the path, Liv.; a. ludum, to open a school,_give les- 
sons, Cic. ; dispulsa nebula a. diem, makes visible, 
causes to be seen, Liv. ; dies a. novam aciem, shorn, 
Tac. 2) Esp. oj^ places and nations: To open, 
throw open, fur7iish access to, aperuerint 

armis orbcm terrarmn, Liv. IL Fig.: To 

unveil any thing unknown, divest it of its 
cover, make known, disclose, reveal, un- 
fold, explain, and the like, occulta quffidftm 
aperiri, Cic. ; a. mysteria alcjs, to reveal, betray. Id. ; 
latins se a materia, shows itself. Quint EUipU 
quod DCCC. nperuisti, have communicated (i. e. an- 
nounced ihr pai/ment of), Cic. 

APERTE,af/y. Openly, publicly. \. Prop.: 

a. vincero, in the open plain, Ov. II. Fig, A) 

Openly {not secretly), non ex insidiis, scd a., Cic. 
— B) Openly {7iot obscurely), plainly, obvi' 
oufily, dearly, plane et a. loqui, Oic Compar.: 

apertius dicere, Id. Superl. -• apei-tissime ct plonis- 
Bime Gxplicare alqd, Id. 

APEKTO; are. v. freg. (aperio). To bare en- 
tirel^f, a. brauhium, Plnut. 

IPERTUS, a, um. I. Part, of aperio. II. 

Adj.: Open, uncovered. A) Prop. 1) naves a., 
tohhoiu a deck, Cic. ; a. humerus, not covered, not 
defended, Caes. ; apertos (^sc. milites) ad auxilian- 
duin, not protected. Id. Prov. : a. pectus videre 
suumque ostendere, to deal or act openly or honestly 
toward each other. Poet. .- ccelum a., cloudless, clear, 
Virg. 2) Melon, a) In opposition to wliat is shut: 
Open, not shut, free, coslum ex omni parte pa- 
tens atque a., Cic. ; a. iter per medios monies, Liv. 
poet. : a. Mars, an action in the open field, Ov. b) 
Subst., apertum, What is open or free, an open 
place, a plain, per a. fugientes, Hor.; castra in 

a. posita, Liv. B) Fi^. 1) Open, avowed [in 

opp. to what is concealed or secret], ex occultis in- 
sidiis in a, latrocinium, Cic. ; animus a. et simplex, 
open, frank, honest ; conf. ut semper est apertissi- 
mua, very open-hearted {ironically for very forward, 
impudent, saucy), Cic. 2) In opposition to what is 
obscure: Plain, evident, clear, manifest, a. 
et lucida narratio, Cic. ; quis apertior in judicium 
adductus? whose crime is more evident, less doubt- 
ful? Cic. In the neut., subst., magisquein aperto, 
manifest, Sail. 3) In opposition to what is impeded 
or difficult : in aperto esse, to be unimpeded, easy 
{the figure taken from an open field or plain), vota 
virtusque in aperto, Tac. 

XPEX, icis, m. iahin to caput, Greek Ke^-aX-^, 
Sanscr. kap-ala). Point, top, summit. I. 
Prop. A) Gen. Poet. : The top of a mountain, Sil. ; 
the top of a tree^ Virg. ; of a fiame that ends in a 
point, Ov. ; the comb of birds. Id.; the point of a 

sickle. Col. ^B) Esp. 1) A cap, tiara, crown, 

ab aquila Tarquinio apicem impositum putent, Cic. ; 
apices regura, HOr. b) Esp.: The conical cap or 
bonnet o/ a jJamcn, a. Dialis, Liv.; homo honestus 
non apice insignia, i. e. for sacerdotal dignity, priest- 
hood,Sen. 2) a) In Gramm. : A long mark over a 
vowel, Qjimt.. h)Mfton.: A line, stroke, form of 
a letter, Gel\. ll.F^.: A crown, highest or- 
nament, crowning-point, a. senecturis est auc- 
toritas, Cic; hinc a. fortuna sustulit, hie posuisse 
gaudet, the tiara, as symbol of royally or power, Hor. 

APH^A, fB.f. CA</)aia). Aphaa, a name of the 
nymph Britomartis, Virg. 

iPHiREUS (trisyll), ei, m. ('A.^apeus). Apha- 
reus. I. A Messenian king ; hr.nce his sons, Aphor 
reia proles, Ov. 2. A ctmtaur, Ov. 

aPHIDN^, arum, anrf -A, ee ("Ai^tScaO- Aphid- 
niB, a place of Attica, where Theseus concealed Hel- 
ena, Sen. poet.; Ov. 

APHRACTUS, i,/. (a^poKros, undecked, sc. vavs)- 
A long ve:'sel without a deck, a galley ; in pure 
Lat., navis aperta, Cic. 

XPHRODlSiA. orum, n. CA^poStVia). A festival 
in honor of Aphrodite, Plaut. 

APHRODTSiAS, adie, /. CA0po5i(nair). Aphro- 
disias, apart of ^olis in Atda, Liv. 

XPH1?A, Si. or -E, as./, (a^ihi). A kind of small 
fish, perhaps the anchovy, Plin. 

IPiiRiUM, li, n. (apis). A bee-house, api- 
an/. Col. 

aPIaRIUS, ii, m. (apis). A bee-master, Plin. 

JFIA3TRUM, i, n. (apis). Balm-mint, Varr.; 


XPIITUS, a, um (apia). Spotted, speckledj 
a. mensa, Plin. 

aPICaTUS, a, um (apex). Adorned with a 
priest's cap or mitre, Ov. 

XPiClUS, ii, m. Apicins. a celebrated glutton 
in the time of Augustus and Tiberius, Plin. Hence, 
Apiciaaus, a, um, and Apic)U8, a, um, Of or be- 
longing to Apicius, Plin.; Cat. 

XPiCOLA, &,f.dim. (apis). A little bee, Plaut. ; 

aPiDXNUS, i, in. CAn-tSai'ds). Apidanus, a 
rioer of Tkessaly, which receives the Enipeus, Ov. 

XPlti or -ES, is igen. plur. apium and apum),/. 
A bee, Cic; Pliu. 

aPIS, is [idis, P. Nol.], m. Apis, an Egyptian 
deity, worshipped under the form of an ox, Plin. 

aPISCOR, aptus, 3 v. dep. (apo). To reach, 
get, obtairt. 1. Prop.: maris apiacendi causa, 

Cic II. Fig. A) Gen.: To attain to, get, 

acquire, a. magnam laudem, Sulpic. ap. Cic. — 
B) Esp. : To reach with the understanding, com- 
prehend, observe, Lucr, 

aPIUM, ii, n. (apis). Smallage, parsley, 
celery, &c. (Fam. Umbelliferts), PUn. ; used for 
garlands, Virg. 

APLuDA(appl.), ffl,/.(palea). L Chaff, husks, 
Plin. II. Bran, apludam edit, Auct. ap. Gell. 

APLUSTRE, is {nom. plur. aplustra, Lucr.; dot, 
aplustria. Id.), n. {aj^Kaarov). An ornament of 
planks placed upon the stern of a galley, 
stern-decoration, Cic; Lucr.; Luc. 

XPO or APIO, ere (Sanscr. ap, to seize), used only 
in the part, aptus. See Aptds. 

XPOCLeTI, orum (aTrowATjTot). With the JEto- 
lians, members of a select committee, Liv. 

XP6C5PE. es, /. (an-oKOTnJ). In Gramm.: The 
omission of a letter or syllable at the end of a 
word, Grramm. 

XP5DQSIS, is,/ (aTToSoo-ts). Conclusion, the 
second part of a period, answering to the first {pro- 
tasis), (jramm. 

aP5DYTeRiUM, ii, n. iaTrohvrqpiov). An un- 
dressing -r oom at a bath. Cic ; Plin. E. 

XPOGRXPHON, i, n. {airoypa^ov). A written 
copy, transcript, Plin. 

XPOLLiNAR, aris, n. {for Apollinal). The 
temple of Apollo, Liv. 

XPOLLiNaRIS, e (Apollo). I. Of or belong- 
ing to Apollo, ludi A., celebrated on the 5th of 

July in honor of Apollo, Cic. ; Liv. ;'PHd. II. 

Subst., Apollinaris. is, /. {so. herba), A plant com- 
monly called hyoscyamus. Plin. 

XPOLLiNkUS, a, um (Apollo). Of or belong- 
ing to Apollo, A. urbs, i. e. Delos, where Apollo 
was especially worshipped, Ov, ; A. proles, i. e. .Mscu- 
lapiiis. Id, ; A. vates, i. e. Orpheus, Id. ; A. laurus, 
sacred to Apollo, Id. ; A. are, the art of soothsaying. 
Id. ; alf^o, the art of healing. Id. ; A. os, i. e. song, Id. 

XPOLLO, inis [an old form Apello, as hemo/or 
homo, according io Fast.], m. ('ATrdAAoii/). I. Apol- 
lo, son of Jupiter and Latona, twin-brother of Di- 
ana; the god of the sun, of soothsaying, of the man- 
agement of the bow, of medicine, poetry, and music, 

Cic; Hor. II. Melon. A) Apollinis urbs, a 

town of Upper Egypt, called also Apollinopolis. now 

a village, Edfon. Plin. B) Apollinis promontori- 

um, in Africa, to the east of IJtica, now Zibtb, Plin. 

XPOLLODoRUS, i, m. ("An-oAAdSwpos). Apollo- 
dorus. 1. A famous rhetorician, tutor of Augus- 



tus, Suet ; Tac. ; hence Apollodorgus, i, m., A pu- 
pil of Apollodorus, Quint. 2. A grammarian 
of Athens, author of a my tho logic work still extant, 
Cic. 3. An Academic philosopher, contemporary with 
the Epicurean Zeno, Cic. 

JCPOLLoNiA, ee,/. (*AiroAA«i/ta). Apollonia. 
I, The na?ne of seperal important toiBns : 1. In JSLto- 
lia, Liv. ; 2. la Macedonia, Id. ; 3. In lllyria, Cic. ; 

CtBS. ; 4. In Cyrenaica, Plin. II. Hence, A) 

Apolloniiites, se, and Apollonias, atis, m., Of Ap o l- 
lonia, Diogenes ApoUoniates, Cic. Li the plur. : 

The inhabitants of Apollonia, Plin. B) 

ApoUoniensis, e, Of or belonging to Apollo- 
nia, A. civ 'Was (in Sicily), Cic. In the plur. : Its 
inhabitants, Just. 

aPOLLoNiDENSES, ium, m. The inhabit- 
ants of Apollonis in Lydia, Cic. 

aPOLLoNIS, idis, /. Apollonis, a town of 
Lydia, Cic. 

iPOLLoNIUS, ii, m. CATroAAwi'tos). Apollo- 
nius. 1. A famous rhetorician of Rhodes, Cic. 2. 
A. Molo, a rhetorician of Rhodes, tutor of Cicero in 
Rome, Cic. 

aPOLOGUS, i, m. (aTr6\oyo£). I. Gen.: A nar- 
rative, Plaut. 11. Esp. : A story, fable, 

narrationes apologorura, Cic. 

aPOPHOReTA, orum, n. (a,7ro0opi]Ta, to be car- 
ried away). Small presents given to visitors at 
the festivals of Saturn, Suet. 

((XTTOTrATjiCTiKos OT aTTOTTXrjKTos). Struck with a 
fit, apoplectic. Firm. 

aPOPLEXIA, ffi, or -XIS, is, /. {aTronX-q^Ca. and 
aTTOTrKrf^L^). In Med. : Apoplexy, fit, C Amt. 

XPOPROEGMeNA, orum, n. (aJroTrpoijy/xe'i'a). 
Wiih the Sioics, Contemptible exceptionable 
things (o^;;. proegmena), Cic. 

XPOSioPeSIS, is, /. (iTTOo-iwinjcn?). In Rhet. : 
A breaking off in the middle of a speech (ap. 
Cic. reticentia), Quint. 

IPOSPLeNOS, i, /. (iTTo, (nrk-qv). Rosemary, 

XPOSTeMA, atis, n. (aTroa-njixa). An impos- 
thnvie, an ah scesSjVlin. 

XP03TR5PHE, 69, /. iaTToaTpo^r,, a turning 
away). In R/iel. : A Jigtire of rhetoric, when the 
speaker tarns away from the judges or his hearers, 
and addresses some othei- person or thing. Quint. 

IPOTHeCA, a^, /. {anoe-^Kf]). A place in which 
any thing is laid up, a store-house, repository, 
store-room, Cic. ; Hor. Hence the leal, bottega, 
Fr. boutiq ue. 

APPaRaTE (adp.), adv. Magnificently, 
snmptuonsly, splendidly, a. edere et bibere, 
Cic. ; a. facti ludi, Liv. 

APPXRaTIO (ndp.), onia,/. (apparo). A prep- 
aration, preparing, making ready. I. 

Prop.: a. popularium raunerum.Cic. II. Fig.: 

Of the preparation of an orator, a. atque artificiosa 
diligentia. Cic. 

APPaRaTUS (adp.), a, urn. I. Part, o/oppai-o. 

II. Adj. {prop, prepared; hence). A) Of per- 

eons : Prepared, ready, furnished, equip- 
ped, a. accedo ad causam, Cic. B) Of things: 

Well furnished, sumptuous, magnificent, 
splen did, domu9 omnibus instructior rebus et ap- 

paratior, Cic. IH. Of speech: Studied with 

over-much care, labored, affe cted, Mtnon &. 
oratio esae videatur, Auct. Her. : verba a., Id. 


APPXRaTUS (adp.), us, m. (apparo). I. A) A 
preparation, preparing, making ready, 
totius operis a., Cic. — -B) Concr.: Preparations, 
equipment, apparatus (tools, instruments, ves- 
sel, engine, and the like), ex regio a., Liv.; a, nr- 

genteus, silver plate, Plin. II. Esp.: A prep 

aration on a magnificent scale, magnifi- 
cence, splendor, ^omp, regio npparatuaccepti, 
Cic. ; nullo a. dicere, nnnffectedly. Id. 

AP-PaReO (adp.), parui, paritum, 2 v. n. To 
come in sight, appear, show itself, to be 
come or be visible, make one' s appearance. 

I. Gen.: equus mecuin una demersud rursus ap- 
paruit, Cic. ; quum lux appareret, when it dawned, 

the day broke, Cajs. II. Esp. A) res apparet, 

and more frequently impers. apparet, also followed by 
a relative clause: It is clear, evident, mani- 
fest, res apparet, Ter. ; idque apparet ex gencre 
verboinim, Cic. ; thus, apparet id etiiira cajco, ckat 
even a blind man can -iee, Liv. After the Greek man- 
ner (5-^Ads ecTTt) in attraction with a nom. with inf.: 
ut ad quandara rationem ^-ivendi data esse appare- 
ant, Cic. Without an inf., with an adj. predicate: 
apparebat atrox cum plebe certamen (sc. fore, im- 
minere, &c.), Liv. B) In Law: To appear wait- 
ing as a servant near any one, to wait upon, at- 
tend, serve, quum appareret Eedilibus, Liv. 

APPaRiTiO (adp.), onis, /. (appareo). 1. A 
waitt7ig upon, at ten dance, service, in loDga 

a. singularem fidem cognovi, Cic. II. Concr.: 

Servan ts, domestics, as a body, ex necessariia 
a., Cic. 

APPaRITOR (adp.), oris, m. (appareo). A serv- 
ant, attendannt, officer of a magistrate 
(a lictor, secretary, and the like), Cic. ; Liv. 

APPaRiTuRA (adp.), s,/. (appareo). Service, 
attendance. Suet. 

AP-PXRO (adp.), 1 V. a. To prepare, to take 
previous measures, make preparation, 
make every thing ready, furnish out, or- 
nare et a. convivium, Cic; a. crimina in alqm. 
With inf. : d-ajicere apparantem, Suet. ; a. sese, to 
make one's self ready, Plaut. 

APPELLaTIO (adp.), oDis. /. (appdlo). L .^n 
address, speaking (o, banc nactus appellatioais 
causam, this opportunity of addressing. Css. 

II. A) In Law: An appeal, intercesait appellatio 
tribunorum, i. e. to the tribunes, Cic. — B) A call- 
ing by -name, na?ning, name, title, appella- 
tion, voluit appellatione hac inani nobis esse pnr, 

Cic. ; a. modo, a mere name. Suet. C) In Gramm. 

1) Pronunciation, leuis a- literarum, Cic. 2) 
Concr.: A substantive. Quint 

APPELL.vTOR (adp.), oris, m. (appello). One 
who appeals, an appellant, Cic. 

APPELLITO (adp.), are, t. frequent, a. (appello). 
7*0 name or call often or usttalhf,TRC. 

AP-PELLO (adp.), pQli, pulsum, 3 v. a. To 
drive, move, carry, bring to or toward; 
mostly with ad. I. Gm. A) a. turres ad opera Cb- 
saris, Caes. — B) Fig.: To turn, direct, a. aui- 

mum ad scribenduni, Ter. IL E>=p. A) oppel- 

lerenavem (ad littus\ To drive a ship to the land, 
to land, a- classcm ad Deium. Cio.; a. naves ad 
earn rip^ni, Id. Ab.^ol. : ad insulam appuleruDt, 
Liv.; thjis, hue appello, Hor. Seldom in a neuter 

stiL'ic: naTis appellit nm'res, Tac. B) Fig.: To 

strike as k were against a rock, nee tuaG unquam 
rationes ad eos scopulos nppulisses, Cic. 


APPKLLO (adp.), 1 [suhj. perf. appellaasis, for 
nppellaveris. Ter.j (nd. obsol. pello, -are, to call). I. 
7'o address, speak to, accost, appellat hilari 

viiltu hominem Bulbus, Cic. II. Esp. A) To 

address, apply tii, in ike way of entreaty, iiivila- 
tioTt, admonition, and the like., call upon, invoke:, 
entreat, vos etinm ntquc etiam appello, Cic. ; Tul- 

liola me ut sponsorem appellat, admonishes. Id. 

B) In Law. 1) To appeal to any one, a praetore 
tribuiios a. auBus, Cic. 2) To sue, inform 
against, ivipeach, indict, cavendum, alii iie 
appellentur quidem, Cic. — C) To call any one 
by any name, to give a name, to name, unum 
te sapienteni appellant et existimaiit, Cic. ; a. auc- 
tores, to mention, Plin. ; a. alqm nutu .significatio- 

neque, to indicate, point out, characterize, Cic 

D) Of letters: To pronounce, de auavitate ap- 
pellandarum literarum, Cic. 

APPKNDiCIUM, ii, n., for appendix. An ap- 
pendage, Hier. 

APPENDiCCLA, te,/. dim. A small append- 
age or addition, a. caus;e judicatte, Cic. 

APPENDIX, icis, /. (appendo), That which 
hangs on any thing, an appendage. I. Prop. : 

App. H. Meton. Gen. A) An appcndag e, 

supplement, vidit enim appendicem animi ease 
corpus, Cic ; appendices Olcadum, auxiliaries, Liv. 
B) A barberry -bush, Plin. 

AP-PENDO (adp.), endi, ensum, 3 [a new form, 
appcndeo, 6re, Apic], v. a. To weigh to, sus- 
pend to, appenduntur, non numerantur pecuiiiffi, 
Cic, ; non ea me annuraerare lectori putavi opor- 
tere, sed tamquiim a., to hane regard to their power, 
force, weight, not to their number. Id. 

APPENSUS (adp.), a, urn, part, o/ appendo. 

APPfeTENS (adp.), entis. I. Part, of Appeto. 
II. A) Adj.: Striving eagerly for, de- 
sirous of any thing, alcjs rei or absol. : a. glorias 
atque nvidus laudis, Cic. Compar., appetentior, Id. 
Superl., appetentissimus, Id. B) Esp.: Avari- 
cious, covetous, greedy, liomo non cupidus, 
neqae a., Cic, 

APPfeTENTER (adp.), adv. (appetens). Eager- 
ly, with appetite, covetously, greedily, Cic. 

APPeTENTIA (adp.), m, f. (appeto). Desire, 
longing for, appetite, a. cibi, Plin. ; libido ef- 
frenatam (efficit) appetentiam, Cic. 

APPeTiTiO (adp.), onis./. (appeto). A snatch- 
ing at any thing, attempt to lay hold of. I. 
Prop. : triplex a. solis, a snatching at the sun, re- 
peated three times, Cic. -II. Fig. A) An earn- 
est desire or longing after, vehement in- 
clination, allter a. (earn enim esse volumus 
opfL-qv), the appetitive power or faculty, Cic. ; a. animi, 
Id. — B) Esp.: Desire of eating, appetite, 

APPETITUS (adp.), a, urn, part, o/ Appeto. 

APPeTiTUS (iidp.), U3, m. I. Prop.: A rush- 
ing upon anything, an attack, assault,hhx- 

baricos a., Ainm. II. Fig.: A passionate 

striving for, longing after any thing, the 
ap2>eii'ive power or fa entity, desire, pas- 
sion, para in appetitu posita est, quae est op/xij 
Grtece, Cic. ; appetitum voluptatis. Id. 

AP-PSTO (adp.), ivi, or ii, itum, 3 v. a. andn. I. 
Act.: To attempt to seize, snatch at. A) 
Prop. 1) Gen. .- ter eum (solem) frustra appeti- 
viase raanibus, Cic; a. dextram 08culis, to seek to 
eeize the hand with kisses, i. e. to endeavor to kiss it, 


Plin. ; hence, salutari, appeti, decedi (senes), in or- 
der to kiss their hands, Cic. Of places: To draw 
near, approach, a. alia atque alia loca, contin- 
ually to gain more space, Liv. 2) Esp. a) To fall 
upon, attack, assail, ttssa?i/(, vita eaepe terro 
atque insidiis appetita, Cic. ; a, humerum apertum 
gladio, Gees, b) To strive passionately for, 
long after, desire earnestly, covet, ut bona 
natura appetimus, Cic. ; a. cupidissime populi Rom. 
amicitiam, Ctes. ; a. olivam, to long after, have an 
appetitu for. Mart. With an ohj. clause: ut appetat 
animua aliquid agere semper, strives, endeavors, 
Cic. II, Neut. Of time: To draw on, ap- 
proach, dies appetebat septirauB, quern constitu- 
erat, Ca3s. ; conaularia comitia appetebant, Liv. 

APPIA, BB. See Appius. 

APPIaNUS, a, uni. Of or belonging to Ap- 
pia, a town of Phrygia Major, Appian, A, legati, 

APPJaNUS, a, ura. Of or belonging to Ap- 
pius, Appian, A. libido, Liv.; A. mala, said of 
apples of excellent quality, Plin. 

APPiAS, adis, f. \. A surname of the nymph at 
the Aqua Appia (see Appius) in the neighborhood of 
the Temple of Venus, Ov. Hence, Meton. : Of her 

> statues at the neighboring temple of Venus. Id- 

j II. A name given jocosely to Minerva (with regard to 
Appius Pulcher), Cic, 

APPIkTAS, atis,/ Appiety, the old nobili- 
ty of the Appian family, a word formed jocose- 
ly by Cicero, Cic. 

AP-PINGO (adp.), pinxi, pictum, 3 v. a. 'I. To 
add by painting, a. delphinum silvis, Hor. 

II. Meton.: To add by writing, appinge 

aliquid nqj^i, Cic. 

APPiUS, ii, m., and APPIA, se,/. Appius, Ap- 
pia. I. A Roman preen omen, esp. of persons of the 

gens Claudia. II, Hence, A) Adj.: Appius, a, 

um. 1) Appia via, a road made by the censor J^. 
Claudius Caucus (440 A.U.C.) from the Porta Cape- 
na in a direct line to the Alban hills, and thence, 
through the Pontine marshes, to Capua, afterward ex- 
tended (perhaps by Trajan) to Brnndisium, Liv. ; 
Cic; called, also, simply Appia, Cic; Hor. 2) A. 

aqua, an aqueduct, built by the same Appius, Liv. 

B) Appii Forum, a borough of Latium, in the mid- 
dle of the Pontine marshes, founded by the same Ap- 
pius, Hor. 

AP-PLATJDO (adpl.) [applodo], si, sum. 3 v. a. 
and n. I. Act.: To strike any thins against 

another, applauso corpore palmis, Ov. II. 

Neut.: To clap with the hands in token of appro- 
bation, to applaud, c. dot., quibus viria maxime 
applaudatur? Cic. ; nobis clare applaudite, applaud 
us loudly, Plaut. 

APPLAUSOR (adp.), oris, m. (applaudo). Qjie 
who signifies his approbation by cUtpping of hands, 
an applauder, populus scenici imperatoris spec- 
tator et a., Plin. Pan. 

APPLAUSUS (adp.), a, um. part, o/ Applaudo, 

APPLICniO (adp.), onia,/. (applico) (prop, an 
entering into a close connection with any thing ; 
hence), I. Fig.: Application, attachment, in- 
clination, applicatione animi cum quodam sensu 

amandi, &.c, Cic. II. Esp. In Law: jus ap- 

plic.ationis, the right of a patron to inherit the prop- 
erty of a client, Cic. 

APPLICaTUS (adp,), a, nm. L Part. o/AppIico. 

II. Adj.: Lying close, contiguous to; 


closely adapted, at tack pd, united. A) Prnp. : 

Luucrts colli applicata, Liv B) Fis"-: Turned 

or dirt c ted tov:ar d.inclin ed tn, omne aiiiinsil 
applicatum tsse ad se diligendum, inclined to self- 
love. Cic. 

APPLICiTUS (adp.), a, um. I. Part. o/Applico. 

II. AiiJ. : Lying close, closely adapted, 

joined to, hypocaustum a. cuhiculo, Plin. E. 

APPLICO (iidp.), 1 {p^ff. applicui, less frequent 
than nvi; sup. ti'^^XiciX.ui.n, found onlij after the time 
of Augustus), V. a. and n. To affix, join, at- 
tack, put or add to; with ad, li-ss freq. with a 
dat. I. Prop. A) Rornani shiistrum (cornu) ad op- 
pidum applicarent, Liv. ; instead of which, a. CHStra 
fiumini, Id. ; a. se ad tiHmmani, to approach, Cic. ; 
a. se ad arbores, to lean against, Cffis. Mid.: dum 
corporiljus applicantur, attack them.^elves to each 

other, Liv. B) Esp. Nauc. : a. navem, to direct a 

ship toward any place in order to land, to put in, to 
land, navim ad eum (naufrasTum) applicarunt, Cic. 
I u the neuter : quocumque naVes hoatium applicant, 

land, Liv. II. Fig. : To affix, attach ; very 

freq. a. se, to attach one^s self, betake one' s 
self, apply on e' s self to, ut ad honestatem ap- 
plicetur voluntas, Cic. ; a. se ad lUqm magistrum, 
Id. : a. se ad philosophiam, Id. 

APPLoRO (adp.), 1 v. n. 1. To bewail, Hor. 

II. To weep at or over. Sen. 

APPL0SU3 (adp.), a, um, part, o/ Applodo /or 

AP-PoNO (adp.), pBsui, positum, 3 y. a. [perf 
appoaivi, Plaut.]. To set, place, put near or tn. 
1. Prop. A) oranes colunitiffi machina apposita de- 
jectse. Cic. ; a. manu3 ad os, Sulpic. ap. Cic. ; ap- 
ponere modutn rei, to set or prescribe bounds to a 

thing, Cic. B) Esp. 1) To serve np at table, 

a, patellam, Cic. 2) a. alqin alcui, to give a person to 
another for any purpose, to associate, appoint, custo- 
dara Tullio me apponite. Cic. ; moderator ptmagis- 

ter consulibus appositus, Liv. 11. Fig.: To 

add. adjoin, a. lahorem ad damnum, Plaut.; a. 
alqd lucre, to considrr an gain, Hor. 

APPORRKCTUS (adp.), a, um (ad, porrigo). 
Stretched or extended by a?iy thing, a. dvRco, 

AP-PORTO (adp.), 1 v. a. To carry, convey, 
conduct, bring to, L Pro;?. ; mercatura multa 
undique apportana, Cic. ; to bring on, bring with, 

Ter. II. Fig. : senectus si nil quicquam aliud 

vitii a. spcum, brings with it, CEecil. ap. Cic. 

AP.POSCO (adp.), ere, v. a. To demand in 
addition, plus a. visus, Hor. 

APPOSITE (adp.), arfu. Suitably, fitly, dice- 
re a. ad persuasionem, Cic. 

APPOSITIO (adp.), onis, /. (appono). A plac- 
ing near or to, an adding, applying. 

I. Prop. : a. nucurbiton, C. Aur. II. Fig. : a. 

einiilium. Quint. ; a. criminis, imputation, Lnrapr. 
APPOSlTUM (adp.). i, n. Rhet. and Gramm.: 
An ad dition ; epithet, adjective, Quint 
APPOSfTUS (adp.), a, um, I. Part, o/ Appono. 

II. Adj. A) Prop.: Covtiff nous, bordi-r- 

ing upon; wUh dat.: regio mari appoaita, Plin.; 

castellum a. Luppiaa fiumini, Tac. B) Fi^. 

1) Gen.: Near, bordering on, similar to, 
fidcntiai contrariimi est diffidentia, audacia n. est 
Cic. 2) Esp. a) Fit, suitable, well adapted, 
convenient for anything; with ad: menses ad 
ngendum maxime appositoe, Cic. ; ai'gunientatiQ 

; appositissima ad judicationem, Id. b) Inclined 
or prone to; withdnt.: judex juri njagis an ajquo 
sit apfioi'itiia. Qu;nt. 

APPOSH'CS (adp), uf, m. In Mtdic: A lay- 
ing on or upp lying of n remedy, Plin. 

AP-PoTUS (adp.), a, um. Drunk, intoxica- 
ted. Plaut. 

AP-PReCOR (adp.), I v. dep. To pray to, call 
upon by prayer, a. nto deoe, Hor, 

AP-PREHENDO [poet, apprendoj. di, sum, 3». a. 
To seize, lay hold of, grasp. I. Prop. A) ri- 
tes claviculi.q adminiculatamquam manibusa„Cic.j 

a. manum, Quint B) Esp.: To ratch hold of, 

seize, apprehend, take in a hostile manner, fi. 

Hippanias, Cir, II. Fig. A) utquicquid appre- 

hendfTam, whatever I had brought forward (in de- 
fence), Cic. ; nisi caute et cum judicio appreheudi- 

tur, is undertaken, done.. Quint. B) £.'*p. : To com. 

prehend or understan d, cojiceive, C. Aur. 
APPRENDO. See Apprehendo. 
APPRlME (adp.), adv. Chiefly, very, espe- 
cially, homo a. doctus, Varr. ; artifices a. boni, 

AP-PRtMO (adp.). essi, essum. 3 v. a. To press 
to any thing, a. destram ejus, Tac; scutum pec- 
tori fipprepsum, lying close. Id. 

AP-PRiMUS (adp.), a, um, i. e. longe primus, By 
far the first, a. Pntroclus, L. Andr. 

APPRQBaTtO (adp.). onis, /_ L Approval, 
approbation, ar.quiescev ce-, a. audipntium, 
Cic. ; eadem approhatione faciunt qua eobrii, Id, 

II. Esp. in Pkilos.: Proof, co7ifirmatio7t. 


APPRORaTOR (adp.), oris. m. (approbo). One 
iclio approves of any thing, an approver, 
qunmvw nnn fueris suasor. a. certe fuisti, Cic. 
APPR5BE (adp.), aatt3. Very well, perfectly, 
i Plaut 

AP-PROBO (adp.), Ir.n. I. To approve, com- 
mend, applaud, praise, populns meum jusju- 
randum una voce et consensu appmhavit, Cic; 
quod actum estdii ?i^\>roheT\X-, suffer to be done, bless. 

Id. II. To prove, corroborate, evince, 

banc (proposirionem) velle a., Cic. With an obj. 

clause, Plin. ; Tac. III. a. alqd alcui, to da any 

thinff to one^s likins or salisfnrtion, re.nd(r accepiO' 
hie (in si fad of which in Cic. probare), Pha^dr.; Tac. 
AP-PRoMITTO (adp), ere. r. a. To promise 
in addition, promise to make one's self 
respon fiihl p for an other, Cic. 

AP-PROPeRO (adp.), 1 v. n. and a. I. NetU.: 
To hasten, hurry toward or to, eum, ut ap- 
propcret adborteiis, Cic. IL Act.: To accel- 
erate, cceptumque opus adeo approperatum est, 

AP-PROPINQTllTIO (adp.), onis,/. An ap- 
proarh, a. mortis. Cic. 

AP-PRQPINQUO (adp.), 1 v. n. I. To draw 
near, approach, be near; jnitk ad or a dot.: qui 

ad summaTn jam aquam appropinquant, Cic. 

II. Fig.: illi pcena. nobis lihcrtas apuropinquat, 
Cic. ; catulus ille, qui jam appropinquat ut videHt, 
IS nlrrndi, nrnr seeing, Id.; crnturiont^s. qui jaid 
primis ordinibus appropiuqnabarit wrre near to the 
highest mililnry dignities. Cws. Of time: hiems n., 
Id.; quum dies coraitionnn a., Liv. 

AP.PUC^NO (adp.), 1 v. a. To storm, assail, 
a. castellum. Tac. 
APPOLEIUS (Apul.), i, m. AppuUius. I. A 


Roman family name. Thus, 1. L. A. Satuminus, a 
tivrbuUiit tribune of the people, Cic. 2. A Roman. 
WTJter, of Madanra in Africa, in the second century. 

II. Hence, adj., Appuleius, a, um, Of or by 

Appuleius, A. lex, hy the tribune A., Cic. 

APPOLIA (Apul.), se,/. Apulia, I. A country 

of Lower Italy, now Puglia, Cic; Plin. 

H. Hence, adj., Appulicus (Apul.), a, urn, Apul? an, 

A. mare, the Adnatic, Hor. B) Appulus (Apul.), 

a, um, the same, A. gens, Hor. 

APPULSUS (adp.), a, um.^art, o/appello. 

APPULSUS (adp.), lia, m. (appello). A driving 
£0. I. Prop. A) Gen.: a. pecoria, a driving of cattle 

to water, Dip;. B) Esp.: A pushing to the 

shore, m.aking for Land, landing, ab lito- 
rum nppulsu arcere, Liv.- II. A) An ap- 
proach, access, par3t;erra3 appulsu solis exarsit, 
Cic. B) Esp.: An operative approach, ac- 
tion, nimios et frlgoris et calorie appulsus sentire, 

APRTCA.TfO, oniB,/. A hashing, sitting, or 
walking in the sunshine, Cic. 

APRlCiTAS, atia, /. (apricus). Sunnineas, 
Plin. ; a. diei, serenity, clearness of the day, Col. 

APIliCOR, ari, v. dep. (apricus). To sun one'' s 
self, sit, lie, bask, stand in the sunshine, 
Alexander offecerat Diogeni apricanti, Cic. 

APRlCUS, a, um (contr. for apericus, from ape- 
rio ; Prop, lying open, uncovered; hence), I. Ex- 
posed to the sun or the warmth of the sun, sunny, 
opaci an a., Cic. ; a. colles, Liv. ; a. campus, Hor. 
Subst., apricum, \, n., A sunny place, apnea Al- 
pium, Plin. Poet. : in apricum proferre alqd, to the 

light of the sun, to the light, Hor. II. Meton. 

A) Fond of the sunshine, a. raergi, Virg.; a. 

flores, Hor. ^B) Warmed by the sun, sunny, 

serene and warm, a. status coeli, Col.; a. flatus, 
southern breezes, Id. 

APRiLIS, is {contr. far aperiliB,/ro7re aperio ; with 
or without mentis, the m.onth in which the earth qu. 
opens itself to fertility). Ap ril, mense Aprili atque 
Maio, Cic. Adj.: IdusApril., Ov. ; dies erat ascripta 
Nonarum Aprilium, Cic. 

APRiNUS, a, um (aper). Of or belonging 
to a wild boar, a. pulmo, Plin. 

APRoNtUS, ii, m. Apronius, a Romanproper 
name: thus, L. Aproniua, a reprobate felloia in the 
service of Verres, Cic. Hence, adj., Apronianus, a, 
um, Of or belong ing to Apronius, A. convi- 
vium, Id. 

aPRUGKUS (also Aprunus), a, um (aper). Of 
or belonging to a wild hoar, a. callum. Plant. 
Subst., aprugna (apnina), ai,/. (sc. caro), thefiesh of 
a hoar, Capit. 

APSINTHIUM, another mode of writing for absin- 

APSIS, another mode of writing for absia. 

APSUS, i, m. ('Ai^o?). Apsns, a river in Gr. II- 
lyria,- falling into the Adriatic, now Crevasta, 
Cses. ; Liv. 

APTe, adv. 1. Accurately joined, connect- 
ed firmly or cioacZy, mundi corpus a. coha^ret, 

Cic. II. Melon.: Fitly, aptly, suitably, 

properly ; -with ad or absol. : ad pedem a- conve- 
nire, Cic. ; thus, dicere alqd ad terapus a., Id. 

APTO, 1 V. intens. a. (apo). To add, adjoin, 
adapt, adjust. I. Prop. A) a. anulum digito, 
Suet ; a, vincula collo, Ov. ; a. arma, to put on, Liv. 
■ — B) Meton.: To get ready, prepare, fit, ac- 


commodate for any thing, arma capere a. que 
pugnee, Liv. ; a. ^e pugnw, Virg. ; a. classem veils 
(abl.), to make ready to sail. Id. ; a. se armie, to make 

one's self ready toj(ght, Liv. II. Fig. : 2'o fit, 

accommodate, adapt, a. animos armis, Virg.; 
a. bella Numantite modis citharee, Hor. ; hoc ver- 
bum (rape) est ad id aptatum, refers to, Cic. 

APToTA, orum, n. (sc. noraina) (anrwra). In 
Gramm.: Indeclinable, nomina (faa, frit, git, 
&c.), Gramm. 

APTUS, a, um. I. Part, of the obsolete v. apo or 
apio (root /.p, allied to the Greek aurTio ; corif. apis- 
cor, apis, apex, apto). A) Joined, fastened to. 
1) Prop. : gladium e lacunari seta equina aptum 
deraitti jussit, faste^ied, hanging, Cic. 2) F'g. -• 
Depending on, originating in; nsuallywlth 
ex : rerum causae aligB ex aliis aptaj, Cic. ; non ex 
verbis aptum pendere jus. Id. With a simple abl. : 
rudentibus a.tortuna, Id. — B) Joined together, 
connected, adhering together. 1) Prop. 
a) facilius est apta dissolvere, Cic. b) Melon, po- 
et, with abl.: Accommodated, adorned, fur- 
nished with any thing, fides alma, apta pinnis, 
winged, Enn. ap. Cic, ; ccelum a. stellia fulgentibus, 
Virg. 2) Fig. ; ordo rerum conservatua et omnia 

inter se a., Cic. II. Adj. {prop., adapted, i. e.) : 

Proper, fit, calculated for, convenient, 
suitable, apposite; with ad, a dat., or absol. (of 
persons always with a dat.) : ossa commiseuras ha- 
bent et ad atabilitatem apjas, Cic. ; locus ad insidiaa 
aptior, Id. ; conf. castra ad bellum ducendum aptis- 
fiima, Id. With dat. : id esse naturas bominis ap- 
tissimum, Id. ; hos (oratores) aptissimos cognovi 
turbulentis concionibus, Id. Absol.: a. compositio 
membrorum. Id. ; Tbucydides verbis aptus et prea- 
6U8, concise and compressed ; tempus a., proper, con- 
venient, right, Liv.; exercitus a., ready to Jlght, 
ready for the combat. Id. ; lar a., svjjicient means or 
property, Hor. With in : in quod (genus pugnse) 
minime apti sunt, Liv. With inf. : aitas mollis et 
a. regi, Ov. 

JtPUD (an old mode of writing, aput) [another 
form apur or apor, as &r for ad, according to Fest.], 
prep, with ace. (akin to Sanscr. abhi, Gr. kirC, de- 
noting an adhering or being attached to ; hence, a 
being near to any thing). By, near, with, at, 
close to; mostly of persons and with words denot~ 
ing rest; seldom unih names of places, and only hi 
vulgar language with words ^signifying motion, 
I. Of persons: quum in lecto Crassus essct et a. 
eum Sulpicius aederet, Cic; verba a. aenatum fa- 
cit, in the presence of, before, Id. ; a. matrem recte 
est, things go well with the mother, she is well. Id. 
To denote a dwelling in one's house: ut secum et a. 
se eaaem quotidie, Id. ; thus, fuisti a. La^cum ilia 
nocte. Id. To denote an author, or his writings: In, 
in the writings of, quod a. Platonem est in 
philosophos dictum, Id. ; esse a. ae (in conversation), 
to be in one's senses, to be on€s self. Plant. ; Ter. 

II. With names of places : imperntor appella- 

tus a. lasum, Cic ; a. villam, at or in his villa. Id. ; 

a. forum, Liv. III. With words of motion, for 

ad: To, ire a. alqm, Plaut. 

APULEIUS. See Appuleius. 


IQUA, ee [gen. aquai, Lucr.], /. (Rom. ava, 
Sanscr. ap, Germ. Au). I. A) a) Water, ex ter- 
ra a,, ex a. oritur aer, Cic. ; a. marina, sea^water, Id. : 
a. nluvia, rain-water. Id. In the plur. : aer oritur 



ex respiratione aquarum, Id. b) Peculiar phrases, 
taken, a) From waU-r as a necessary means of sup- 
porting life: afjua et igni interdicere alcui, to for- 
bid any one (the use of) fire and water, to banish. 
Id. ; instead of which we find, also, aqua et igni nr- 
cere alqm, Tac. /3) From, the water itsed at table for 
the washing of hands : prajbere aquara, to invite to 
a dinner or supper, to treat, entertain any one, Hor, 
y) From the custom of sprinkling faint persons with 
water: aspergere nquam alcui, to revive the spirits 
of any one, to reanimate, Plaut. B) Esp. 1) In op- 
position tn the land : IVater, water s, flood, sea, 
lake, river, in aquam progredi, Cses. ; remigio, 
findere aquas, Ov. Hence, aquiim et tcrram petere 
ab hoste {like the Gr. yr^v koX vSojp atretv), to demand 
water and earth, i. e. tokens of submission, Liv. ; 
Curt. 2) A water-conduit, aqueduct, a. 
Claudia, Crabra, Marcia, Virgo (see these words). 
3) Rain-water, rain, cornix augur aqua;, Hor. 
In the plur. : aqua? magnaB, ingentea eo anno fue- 
rant, great rains, great inundation, Liv, 4) The 
2oater in the clepsydra; hence the phrases: aquam 
dare, tn give a pleader time for speaking, Plin. E.; 
aquam perdere, to waste the given time. Quint. 
Frov. : aqua hasret (alcui in alqa re), the water 
stands still, for, to be at a loss, stuck fast, Cic. 5) 
In the plur.: Healing waters, medicinal 
spring, mineral waters, bath, ad aquas ve- 
nire, Cic. ; conf. 11. B. II. Meton. : As a prop- 
er 7iame. A) Aqua, a certain constellation {in Gr. 

"YStup), Cic. B) Aqua', with certain epithets, the 

name of several toatering-places, Aquas Cumanae, 
afterward called Baite, Liv, ; thus, A. Sextia?, now 
Aix, ill France; A. Mattiacfe, now Wiesbaden ; 
A. PannonicEe, now Baden-Baden. Hence the 
Fr. eau, from the old Fr. aiguei, iauve. 

AQUiEDUCTIO, or, separated, AQU^ DUCTIO, 
onis,/. A conveyance of water, agueduct.ViW. 

aQ,U^DUCTUS (also aquw ductus o/irf aquarum 
ductus, Plin.V 1. An aqueduct, conduit, Cic. 

II. The right of conducting water to 

a place, Cic. 

XQUjEMlNiLId, is, m. (sc. urceus, conf. aqua- 
lis) (aqua, manus). A wash-basin, 7C ash- hand 
b asin, Varr. 

aQUaLICOLUS, i, m. dim. (aqualis, prop, a small 
vessel for watei- ; hence), I. The stomach. Sen. 

II. The lotcer part of the belly, paunch, 


IUUaLIS, 8 (aqua). I. Of or belonging to 
water, Varr. II. Subst., aqualis, is, c, A ves- 
sel for water, ewer, laver, Plaut; Varr, 

aQUaRiUS, a, um (aqua). I. Of, belong- 
ing to, or concerned with water, rota a., a 
water-wheel. Cat. ; a. provincia, superintendence over 
the conveyance ufzoater, Cic. 11. Subst., Aquari- 
us, ii, 711., A) A draioer of water, Juv. B) A 

con du it-master, Cosl. inCic. C) The Water- 
man, a constellation ('YSpoxoo?). Cic; Hor. 

IQUaTiCUS, a, um(aqua). I. That is found 
in or near the water, aquatic, a. arbores, 
Plin.— II. Full of water, watery, kttmid, 
a. Auster, Ov. — -III. Resembling wat&.r, 
wate.r-lik r, a. color, Sol. 

AQUaTiLIS, e (aqua). I. Living in the wa- 
ter, aquatic, vescimur bestiis et terrenis et a., 
Cic. Subst., aquatilia, n., Aquatic anijnols, 

PUu. II. A) Watery in flavor, Plin. B) 

5«6sr., aquatilia, ium, n., Aqueous tumors, Vec, 
80 ^ 


IQUaTIO, Onis,/. (aquor). L A) A fetching 

of water (esp. by soldiers), Cees. B) Concr.: A 

place whence water is fetched, a water- 

ing-place, Cic, II. A) The watering of 

animals and plants, Col.; Pall. B) In the plur.^ 

concr. : Water, per aquafciones auctumni, Plin, 

aQUaTOR, oris, m. (aquor). One that fetch- 
es water (of soldiers), Cies. ; Liv. 

aQUATUS, a, um (aqua). Watery, thin, lac 
vernum aquatiua asstivo, Plin.; vinum aquabflsi- 
mum, August. 

AQUILA, EB [gen. aquilai, Cic. Ar.],/. (akin to 
avis, and Sa?iscr. avila, disquiet), I. An eagle, 
Cic; Plin. Prov.: aquila; senectus,/or a u^orous, 

active old age, Ter. II. Melon. A) A mili. 

tary eagle, the principal standard of a Bnman le- 
gion [signa, the standards of single cohorts], Cic; 
Gees. 2) For a legion, Auct. B. H. ; Liic. — B) In 
Architect.: in the plur., aquilffi, The uppermost 

parts of a building, Tac. C) The Eagle, the 

name of a constellation, Cic — D) The sea-eagle, 
a kind offish, Plin. 

aQUiLeIA, 9i, f. Aguileia, a town of Upper 
Italy, now of the same name, Cic. ; Cajs. ; Liv. Hence, 
Aquileiensis, e, Of or belonging to A., A. ager, 
Liv. Subst., Aquileiensea, ium, m.. The Inhab- 
itants of A., Id, 

IQUILEX, egls [icis, Tert], m. (aqua. lego). A 
conduit-master, id at er- bailiff, Plin, 

aQUILiFER, eri, m. (aquila, fero). An eagle- 
hearer, a standard-bearer, ensign, Cebs. 

IQUILiNUS, a, um (aquila). Of or belong- 
ing to an eagle, a. ungulae, Plaut 

aQUILLiaNUS (Aquilian.), a, um. Of or be- 
longing to the lawyer Aquillius, d. definitio, 

XUUILLIUS (Aquiliua), a. Aquillius, a Ro- 
man family name ; thus, 1. C. Aquillius, a latoyer 
and friend of Cicero, Cic. 2. M'. Aquillius, consul 
in 653 U.C., afterward legate, cruelly killed by Mith- 
radates, Cic. ; /em. Aquillia, Cic. Adj. : A. lex,per- 
hap.-i by the tribune A. Callus, Cic. 

AQUILO, onia, m. (aquila). L A) The north 
wind, Cic; also, a. ventus, Nep. B) The north- 
northeast wind, Plin. H. Meton. A) The 

north country, the North, spelunca conversa 

ad a., Cic. B) InMythoL: A qui I o, the husband 

of Orithyia, father of Calais and Zetes, Ov. 

XQUILoNaRIS, 6 (aquilo). Northern, north- 
erly, regie turn a. tum australis, Cic; Piscis a., 
the Nonhei-n Fish, a constellation, Vitr. 

aQUiLoNiA, as,/. Aquilonia, a town oftht 
Hh-pini, on the River Aufdus. Liv. 

aQUiLoNiUS, a, um (Aquilo). 1. Northerly, 
a. biems, Plin.; a. luna, being in the north, Id.; 
Piscis a., the Northern Fish, a constellation. Col. 

IL Of Aquilo, husband of Orithyia, A. 

proles, i. e. Calais and Zctes, Prop. 

AQUiLUS, a, um (akin to Gr. avAu's. and Lot. ca- 
ligo). Dark-co}ored, swarthy, Plaut. 

AQUINAS, atis. See Aquinum. 

AQmNIUS. 5ec Aquinus. 

AQUiiNUM, i, n. Aquinum. a town of Latium, 
birth-place of the poet Juvenal, noio Aquino, Cic, 
Hence, adj., Aquinns, atis. Of or belonging to 
A., A. colonia, Tac Subst., Aquinatea, ium, m.. 
The inhabitants of A., Cic 

XQUINUS or -NIUS, i. vi. Aquinue, a bad 
pod,fric7id of Cicero, Cic ; CatulL 


AQUiTaNxA, BB,/. A qiiitania, I. Aprovince 
in nouthcrn Gaul, between i/m Loire and the Pyrenees, 

CiJbS. ; Plin. II. Hence, A) Aquitanus, a, urn, 

A quit an tan, a. |L:ens, Tib. Siibst., Aquitani, Th e 
inkabitants of A., Caes. j Plin. — B) Aquitani- 
cue, a, um, AquUanian, a. sinus, Plin. 

aQUOR, atus, 1 V. dep. (aqua). Tu fetch wa- 
ter (^of scldicrs), a. aegre, CaiS. 

XQ-UoSUS, a, um. I, Full of water, watery, 
aquosistiimus locus, Cat. ; a. hiems, j'ainy, Virg. ; 
nuljes a., a rain-cloud, Ov. ; Orion a., bringing 
rain, Virg. ; languor a., dropsy, Hor. ; Prop. ; mater 
a., i. e. Tlieiis, Ov. ; Piscis a., a certain constellation, 
Ov. Absol. : in aquosis, i.7i watery countries, Plin. 
II. Clear as water, crystallus a., Prop. 

aQUOLA, ai, /. dim. A little water, brook- 
let^ Cic. 

aRA {the old form asa, Lex Num. ap. Gell.], ae, /. 
(^probably related to epa, earth, area, arena). I. A) 
Origin.: Any elevation ofearlk,stone,tnrfSi.c.,A. 

sepulcri, a funeral pile, Virg. ; Sil. B) As a proper 

name : A rte, Th e Altars, several rocks in the Medi- 
terranean, between Sicily and Africa, Virg. II. 

A) Esp.: An clevaiion for religious use, an altar 
(in the temples, streets, and the courts of houses), aio 
loqucnti a. in nova via conaecrata, Cic. They who 
look oaths used, for greater confirmation, to lay hold 
of an. altar, qui si aram tenens juraret, crederet 
nemo. Id. Such as were in need of protection took 
refuge at an altar; hence eguiv. to refuge, pro- 
tection, shelter, tamquam ad aram confugitis 
ad deum, Id. ; arte focique, the altar and the hearth^ 
eguiv. to home, dwelling-place, de vestris con- 
jugibus ac liberis, de aris ac focis decernite, Id. — 

B) Ara, The Altar, a constellation, Cic. 
aRaBiA, as,/. ("Apa^ta). Arabia. 1. A coun- 
try in the southwest of Asia, Cic. ; Plin. 2. A small 
town of Arabia Felix, Mel- 

aRXBiCE, adv. Arabia-like, Arabic, A, 
olere, to diffuse sweet Arabian odors, Plaut. 

^RIBiCUS, a, um. Arabic, A. sinus, Plin. 
Subst.f Arabica, eb, /. (sc. gemma), A7i ivory-like 
precio us stone, perhaps a kind of onyx, Plin. 

ARaBILIS, e. That may be pioughed, ara- 
ble, campus a. tauris, Plin. 

ARABIO, onis, m. A r a b i o, a proper name, 

JCRXBtUS, a, um, for Arabs. Arabian, A. ter- 
ra, Plant ; A. limen, with Arabian curtains. Prop. 

ARABS, abis [ace. plur. Arabas, Ov.J ('Apai//). 
Arabic, pastor A., Prop. Snbst. : An Arabian, 
Cic. Poet, for Arabia, palmiferas Arabafl, Ov. 

XRXBUS, a, um,/or Arabs. Arabian, A. lapis, 
Plin. Snbst.: An Arabiaji, Virg. 

XRACHNE, p.Sjf (apdxi'f}^ aspider). Arachne, 
a Lydian girl, changed into a spider by Minerva, Ov. 

XRXCHoSIA, ffi, /. CApaxwo-ta). Aracltosia, 
a country of Persia, separated from India by the In- 
dus,' Plin. 

XRaCYNTHUS, i, m. CApatcuvGo^). A racy n- 
thus, a mountain between Boeotia and Attica, Prop. ; 

XRXDUS, i, /. Aradus, a town of Pkmnicia. 
now Rouad, Cic. Hence, adj., Aradius, a,um, Of 
A r_a dus, A radian, Lucr. 

XRaNeA, aj,/ (apaxto), Sanscr. raiju, thread). 

I. A spider, Plaut.; Sen. II. Melon. A) A 

spidcr^s web, cobweb, Plaut. — B) Cobweb-like 
threads Plin. 


XRaNE5LA, as,/, dim. (arauea). A small spi- 
der, Cic. 

XRaN£5LUS, i, m. dim. (aranea). A small 
spider, Virg. 

XRaNEoSUS, a, um (araneura). I. Full of 
cobwebs, situs a., Catull. II. Like a cob- 
web, a. tila, Plin. 

XRaNEUM, i, n. (aranea). A cobweb, Phsedr. 

XRaNeUS, i, m. (apaxv^)- A spider, Plin. 

XRaNeUS, a, um (aranea). Of or belong- 
ing to a spider, a. genus, Plin. 

XRAR, is [ace. Ararim, Virg. ; Ararin, Claud.], m. 
Aral; a river of Gaul, now Saone, Cajs. [Amm. 
Sauconna, whence Saone.] 

XRXTiiUS, a, um. See Aeatus. 

XRaTiO, onis,/ (arc). I. A ploughing. Col. 

II. Melon. A) Gen.: Agriculture, utquttH- 

tuosa meruatura, fructuosa. a. dicitur, Cic. — K) 
Concr. : Plo ug hed land, Plaut Esp. : nrtitio- 
nes, Estates belonging to the state, farms Ut 
out to cnltivaturs, Cic. 

XRATiUNCCLA, ffi,/. dim. (aratio). A small 
estate, Plaut. 

XRaTOR, oris, m. (aro). On e who plo ii.g h s, 
a ploughman. I. Prop.: taunts a., Ov. ; bos a., 

Suet. II. Meton. A) Gen /or agricola; A hns- 

bandman, farmer, Cic. B) In the language 

of the Roman financiers, aratores, they who farm- 
ed the public lands for the tenth part of the 
produce,aQ,. C) The Ploughman, a constella- 
tion, Vnrr. 

XRaTRUM, i, n. (aporpav). A plough, Cic. j 
used for marking the boundaries of 7ieio towns. Id. 
. XRaTUS, i, m. ('Aparos)- Aratus. I. A Greek 
poet, whose ^aivojw.ei'a were translated into Latin by 
Cicero and Gerrnanicus, Cic. Hence, Aratea, orum, 
The poems of A., Cic. 2. A famous Greek gen- 
eral, the founder of the Acheean confederacy, Cic. 

XRAXES, is, 771. ('Apdfi)?). Arax.e8. 1. A river 
of Great Armenia, now Arrasch, Virg. ; Plin. 2, 
A river of Persia, now Bend-Emir, Curt 

ARBXCES, is, m. ('Ap^aK77ff). Arbaces. thefirst 
king of Media, Veil. ; called also Arbactus, Just 

ARBeLA, orum, n. (*Ap)3-i)Aa). Arbela, a tow7l 
of Assyria, near the Tigris, between which and Gan- 
gameia Darius was beaten by Alexander ; now Er- 
bil. Curt. 

ARBITER, tri, m. (ar = ad, beto : prop, one that 
goes to any thing in order to see and hear it ; hence) 
I. Any one who is present at an action or speech, A 
witness, eye-witness, ear-witness, a knoio- 
er, beholder, spectator, hearer, remotisque 
arbitris ad se adolescentem jusait venire, Cic; a. 

literarum, Tac, II. Esp. in Law. A) Any one 

who is appointed by the parties to decide a cause, A 
mediator, arbiter, umpire [pronouncing sen- 
tence according to equity, but judex, according to 
laws ; the formal difference between arbiter and ju- 
dex disappeared afterward, when, in consequence of 
the Lex iEbutia, sentence was pronounced according 
to prescribed formulas of the prator], praitor arbi- 
troe tres datos, Xll. Tab. ap. Fest. ; quid arbitrum 
sumpseria, Cic. ; a Nolanis de finibus a aenatu da-- 
tus, Id. ; adigere alqm arbitrum, to summon any one 
before the arbiter {see Adigo) ; a. honorarius. apri~ . 
vate, who settled a cause out of court (intra 
parietes, hence also called disceptator domesticus), 
Id. — B) Meton. 1) Gen.: An arbiter, umpire, 
plane vellem me a. inter antiquam Academiam et 


Zenonem datum, Cic. ; a. pugnse, a judge, of the 
contest, inapire, Hor. Of ikiiigs : Taurus iiiiiume- 
rtit'um gentium a., i, e. that stts boiivdarieg to, PIid. 
2) {Taken from the act of deciding according to opin- 
ion and will) Any one who can treat a Ikirig accord- 
ing to his free will, or has it at Ids own disposal, A 
master over any thing, rnler, Uor.; a. bibendi, Id. 

ARBITRA, 33,/. A female witness, Hor. 

ARBt'VllARlO, adv. Uncertainly, Plaut. 

ARBITRaRiUS, a, um (arbiter). Metoa.: Un- 
certain, arbitrary, certum est, non a., Plaut. 

ARBITRaTUS, us, m. (arbitror). Opinion, 
sejitimtint, j udgment, discretion, liking, 
decision {usually foimd only in the abl. sing.), 
disputationis sententias hoc Ubro exposui arbitrate 
meo, Cic. ; tuo vcro id quidem arbitratu, quite to 
your likins, Id. ; cujus a. sit educatua, care, sup<^in- 
tendence.. Id. ; cujua a. de communibus negotiis con- 
sulerttur, who might negotiate with full power. Sail. 

ARBiTRlUM, ii, n. (arbiter). I. A being pres- 
ent at any thing, prese nee, Sen. poet. II. 

A) Msp. in Law: The decision, sentence of 
an arbitrator, aliud est judicium, aliud est a., 

Cic. B) Melon. 1) Gen.: Sentence, decision, 

decisive sentence, senteiice by author ity, 
res penitus atque nb opinionis arbitrio aejunctai, 
Cic. 2) Free-will, power or liberty of doing 
anything, authority, discretion, Juppiter Op- 
timus Maximus, cujus nutu et arbitrio coelum, ter- 
ra mariaque reguntur, Cic. 3) arbitria funeris, 
fnunral expenses {fixed by an arbiter), Cic. 

ARBlTROR, 1 V. dep. (arbiter). I. To be pres- 
ent so as to hear any thing, secede, ne arbitri dicta 

nostra a. queaiit, Pbiut. II. A) Esp. in Law: 

To give ju dg ment, to pronounce sentence. 
Dig. -B) Meton. 1) Gen.: To judge any hoic, 
judge of any thing, a. diligcntius carmina Em- 
pedoclis, Gell. ; a. fidem alcui, to attach credit to, 
Plaut. 2) InLaio: arbitror, To state one's opin- 
ion as a witness, to depose, give evidence, 
illud verbum considpratissimum nostrte eonsuetu- 
dinis arbitror, Cic. 3) Gen.: To judge, think, 
believe, consider, be of opinion ; wi-ih an 
obj. clause or absol. : si hoc minus ad officiuni tuum 
pertinere arbitrabere, Cic-.; arbitratus id helium 
celeriter confici posse, Ctes. Rarely found in a 
passive sense : ut morte ejus nunciata denique hel- 
ium confcctum arhitraretur, Cic. 

ARBOR. 6ris [poet. nam. arbos,Ov.; Virg. ; hence 
ace. arbosem. according to Fest.]./. (ahin to rohur).. 

J. A tree, Cic; a. fici, a fig-tree. II. Meton. 

Of things made of wood: thus, the most of a ship, 
Virg.; a7toar,ld.] aship,Ov.; a javelin, Stat; the 
beam of a press, Cat. ; Plin. ; a. infelix. gallows, ca- 
put obnubito. arbori infelici suspendito, Cic. 

ARBORaRiUS, n. um. Of or belonging to 
trees, f. ffilx, a pruning-knife. Cat. 

ARBQRaTOR, oris, m.. (arbor). A cultivator 
or pruner of trees. Col.; Plin. 

ARBOReUS, a, um (arbor). I, Of or belong- 
ing to a tree, a. frondes, Ov. ; radix, Id. 

II. Like a tree, cornua, i. e. hacing many antlers. 

ARBOS. Sec Arbor. 

ARBUSCfiLA, af, /. dim. (arbor). I. A small 

tree, Varr. U. Meton. A) a. crinitn, the tuft on 

the head of a peacock, Plin. B) hi Median. : A 

movable machine with wheels for propelling mil- 
itary engines, Vitr. 


ARBUBCOLA, rE,f. Arbnsculatt/ie vameqfa 
mhmic acireni* in the time <f Cicero, CiC. ; Hor. 

ARBUSTUM, i, v. (arhos = arbor ; see Abbus- 
TUs). A thicket of trees. I. A plantation, an 

o r c h a r d planted with trees, Cic; Hor. .11. 

Mutun. : A single tree. Cat. 

ARBUSTUS, a, um (arboB = arbor). Set or 
planted with trees, Cic. 

ARBuTeUS, a, um (arbutus). Of the arbuti 
or strawberry tree, a. c-i'ates, Virg. 

ARBCTUM, i, n (arbutus). I. The fruit of 
the arbute or strawberry tree, an arbute 

berry-, Virg. II. Meton.: poet, for arbutus, 

An arbvte tree, Virg. 

ARBtJTUS, \,f The strawberry or arbute 
tree, Plin,; Ov. ; Virg. 

ARCA, ai. /. {akin to arx, arcus, arcfio). I. A) 
Any case to be locked up, or to inclose any thing, 

a chest, box, trunlc, Cic; Suet. B) E.'^p. 1) 

A money-chest, money-box. coffer of a rich 
man [sacculus, on the contrary, ofapnorman] Varr.; 
Hor. Hence, 2) Meton.: A coffer, the juovey 
in the coffer, area; nostras contidito, rely upon 

mil coffer, my money, Cic. II. Meton.: AnyHiiiig 

in the form of a chest. A) A small, narrow 
prison or place of confinemen t, a cage, in 

areas conjiciuntur, Cic. B) A coffin, Liv. — 

C) A reservoir for -water, Vitr. D) A box in 

hydraulic machines, Vitr. E) A square land' 

mark of surveyors, Agrim. 

ARCADES. See Arcas. 

ARCADiA, 33,/. ('ApKafiia). Arcadia, a moun- 
tainous district in the centre of the Peloponnediis, 
Cic; Plin.; Ov. 

ARC1DICU3, a, um. Arcadian, asini A.) 
Varr. ; A. juvenis./nr a simpleton, ass, Juv. 

ARCaDiUS, a, um. Arcadian, A. deus, i.e. 
Part, Prop. : A. dea, i. e. Carmenta. Ov. ; A. virgo, 
the nymph Arelhusa, Id. ; A. astrum, tlie Great Bear, 
Val. FI._ 

ARCaNO, adv. Ill secret, privately, hunc 
(librum) lege a. convivis tuis, Cic. 

ARCaNUM, i, 7i. A secret, mystery. SeeAR- 


ARCaNUM, i, n. Arcanum, an estate of Q, 
Cicero, in the neighborhood of Aras and Arpinum, 

ARCaNUS, a, um (arceo, area; prop, inclosed; 
hence), I. Secret, private, hidden, con cealed, 
quicum arcana, quicum occulta omnia. Cic; con- 
siliis a. regis interesse, Liv.; a. sacra, a'secrct. mys- 
terious, esp. sacred, divine service, Ov. ; insUad of 
which, wejind also with poets, sacrum Ceroris ajxa- 
nm, Hor. ; a. nox, silent, Ov. Subst., arcanum, i, j?., 
A secret, mystery, si quid umquam arcani fue- 

rit, Liv. ; arcana Jovie, the secret decrees, Hor. 

II. Keeping secret, trusty, concealing, ex 
arcnnis mirtere, Plin. ; and so some understand ar- 
cana nox, Ov. 

ARCAS, adis. m. ('Ap*cu9). L Arms, thesonof 
Jiipiter and CalUsto, prngenifor of the Arcadians; 
after his death as a constellation. The Great Dear, 

Ov. II. An Arcadian, freq. in the plur.: 

Arcades, um, Cic. ; Plin. ; A. tyrannus, i. e. Lycaon, 
the grandfather of Arcas, Ov. ; A. bi]>ennifer, i.e. .^n- 
c<Enf>, Id. Adj. for Arcadius, Arcadian, Virg. 

ARCeO. ciii, ctuin or tum, 2 v. a. (epyu, elpyoti 
apK4(i>). 1. To inclose, contain, en compass, 
hold, alvus a. et coutinet quod recipit, Cic. 

II. To ward or keep off, remoae, prevent; 
absoL, Willi ab, rarely with a simple abL : ille eeit, ut 
hostiuin cjopiiB, tu ut iiquEo pluviw firceantur, Cic. 
Willi abl. : tu Juppiter , . hunc a tuis aris ueterisque 
templia arcebis, Id. ; Iihbc vis n. homines ab impro- 
bitate. Id. With a simple abl. : a. alqm illis sedibus, 
Id. Rardij with acc. of the thing : a. traneitum hoe- 
tis, to ward off, prevent, Liv. With an. object, clause : 
To prevent from doing, Ov. ; Tac. 

AHCeSILAS, ffl (Arceailaus, i. Gell.). »»■ ('ApKe- 
ciAas or -aoO. Arccsilaus, a Greek philasopher, 
pupil of Tlteopkrastua and Poletnon, and founder of 
Ike middle Academy, Cic. 

AIlCESiUy, ii, m. ("ApKet trios). Arcesius, son 
of Jupiter, father of Laertes, grandfather of Ulysses, 

ARCESSITOR, oris, m. One who calls or 
fetches another, a summoner, Plln. E. 

ARCESSiTUS, a, um, part, o/arceaso. 

ARCESSiTUS, us, m. A calling, fetching, 
inviting {found only in the abl. sing.), quum ad 
eum ipsius rojjatu arcessituque venissem, Cic. 

ARCESSO, ivi, xtum {inf. also arcessire, andpass. 
arcesslri. A new form, accerso, used very freq. by 
Salluet), 3 V. a. {ar for ad, and cio). 'To call or 
fetch to a place, se fid for, summon. I. Pr-op. : 
A) Gen.: quum ab aratro arceesebantur, qui con- 
sules fierent, Cic. ; ab aociis auxilia accerscre, Sail. 
— B) Esp. in Law: To summon before a judge, 
to sue, accuse, arraign, inform against; 
alqm alcjs rei : ut hunc hoc judicio arcesseret, Cic. : 
a. capitis, Id. ; conf. a. alqm in summum capitis 

periculum, Id. ; a. alqm pecuniae captae, Sail. 

II. Fig. A) Qen.: To fetch, derive, draw, a 

capite quod velimua a,, Cic. B) Esp. of speech: 

arceasitua, Studied with overmuch care, af- 
fected, cavendum est, ne a. dictum putetur, far- 
fetched, Cic. 

ARCHeLaUS, 1, m, ("Apxe^aos). Archelaus. 
1. A philosopher of Miletus, pupil of Anaxagoras, 
tutor to Socrates, Cic. 2. A king of Macedonia, son 
of Perdiccas, friend of Euripides, Cic. 3. A king of 
Gappadocia, in the time nf Tiberius, Plin. 4. A gen- 
ial of Mithradates, Gell. 5. His son, adversary of 
King Ptolemmus Auletes of Egypt, Cic. 

ARCHETIfPUM, i, 7i. (apx^rvnov). An orig- 
inal, Varr. ; Plin, 

ARCHETIfPUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
an original, original, Juv. ; Mart. 

ARCHIACUS, a, um. See the following, 2. 

ARCHiAS, ffi, m. ('ApxtV). Archias. 1. Au- 
lua Liciniua A., a Greekpoel of Antioch, in whose de- 
fence Cicero delivered a beautiful oration, 2. A cel- 
ebrated joiner ; hence, Archiaci lecti, a kind of small 
dining-sofas made by Archias. Hor. 

ARCSiDiXCONU-S, i, m. (apxiStdKoros). An 

ARCHS£PISC&PUS, i, m. (apxieTrCa-KOTros). An 
irchbishop. Cod. Just. 

ARCHiLOCHiUS, a, um (Archilochus). l.Arch- 

'lochian,^ A. metrum, Gramra. II. Appella- 

tively for Poignant, biting, A. in.illum edicta 
oopulo ita sunt jucunda, &c., Cic. 

AR-CHiLOCHUS, i, m. C'Apxt'Aoxos)- Archilo- 
chus, a Greek poet, inventor of the iambics, and au- 
thor of very severe satires, Hor. 

ARCHiMXGlRnS,i,m.(apx''M'i'y"pos)- -^ chief 
cook, Juv, 

ARCH!M2DES, is, (gm. also Archimedi), m. 


('Apx^M^Stj?). Archimedes, a cdebraled Greek 
matkemativ-ian of Syracuse, Liv. ; Cic. Hence, Ar- 
chimedeuB or -iua, a, um, Archimedean, A, ma- 
nus, Mart. Cap 

ARGHIMIMUS, 1, m. (apxWos). The first 
mimic actor, the chief of the pantomimes, 

ARCHIPIRS.TA, eb, m. (apxi.rreip6.Trii), A Cap- 
tain of pirates, Cic. ; Liv, 

ARCHtTECTA, as,/. A female architect or 
builder. Plin. E. 

ARCHITECTON, onie, m. I. An architect or 

master-builder, Plaut. ; Sen. II. Melon.: 

A crafty contriver of plots, Plaut. 

ARCHlTECTONiCE, es, /. CapxtreKTOi/iKiJ, sc. 
Texyrj)- The art of building, architecture, 

ARCHfTECTONiCUS, a, um (apxireKTovLKos). 
Of or belonging to architecture, archi- 
tectural, a. rationea, Vitr, 

ARCHiTECTOR, atua, ari, v. dep. (architectus). 
To build, construct, frame. I. Prop.: aitum 
loci cujuedam a., Auct. Her. Architectatus, in a 

passive sense, Bnilt, aadas a. ab alqo, Nep. 

II. Fig.: Devise, contrive, invent, ut (sapien- 
tia) opiime posait a. voluptatea. Cic. 

ARCHITECTURA, as,/ (architectus). The art 
of building, architecture, Cic. 

ARCHITECTUS, i, m. (apx^riKTiav). X. A mas- 
ter-builder, architect, Cic; Vitr. M.Fig.: 

A contriver, inventor, author, inventor veri- 
tatis et quaai a. beatifi vitje Epicurua, Cic. 

ARCHoN.ontis, 771. (apxt>'i',^ouernor). An arch- 
on, the chi.(f magistrate at Athens, Cic; Veil. 

ARCHyTAS, ta, m. CA.pxyra.q). Archytas, a 
Pythagorean -philnsopher, friend of Plato, Cic. 

ARCi-TeNENS, also ARQUITENEN3, entia (ar- 
cus, teneo). That carries a bow, deua a., i. e. 
Apollo, Ov. ; the same also simply, a., Virg. ; A., The 
constellation Sagittarius, Cic. 

ARCTE, adv. See Aete. 

ARCTO. See Abto. 

ARCTOPHyLAX, acis, m. ('ApiCTo^v'Xaf). The 
Keeper of the Bear, a constellation, commonly 
called Boi'ites, Cic. 

ARCTOS {rarely arctua ; nom.plur. arctoe after 
apKTOL, Germ.), i, f. (apKTos). I. The name of two 
constellations : The Greater and the Lesser Bear 

(Ursa mnjorct minor), Ov. II. Melon. A) The 

north pole, Ov. B) Then or t h, Hor. — C) Th e 

north wind, Hor. D) The northern tribes, 

Luc. E_) Night. Prop. 

ARCToUS, a, um (dpKTwos)- Northern, Mart. 

ARCTuRUS, i, m. (apKTOvpos)- Arctnrus. 

I. The brightest star iji BoOtes, Cic. II. Meton. 

A) The whole con stellaiion BoOtes, Virg.- — B) .4 m- 
tum,n (the time of the rise of Arctnrus), Virg. 

ARCTUS, a, um. See Artus. 

ARCCaTIM. adv. (arcuo). In the form of a 
bow, a. repens animal, Plin, 

ARCtTATUS, a, um. Arched or made in the 
form of a 6om, curbed, a. curras, Liv. ; a. opus, 
Plm. E. 

ARCt5LA, 89, /. dim. (area), l. A small box or 
case {for ornaments, unguents), a. muliebres, Cic. 
— B) Fig.: Rhetorical ornainent, omneslsoc- 
ratia diacipulorum arculas conaumpsit, Cic. 

II. Esp. A) A small money 'b ox, Mvsn. — -B) The 
wind-chest of an organ, Vitr. 



ARCCLiRitUS, ii, m. (arcula). A maker of 
little caskets or jewel-cases, Plaut. 

ARCCO, 1 V. a. (arcus). To make or crook in 
the form of a how. Mid.: qua; (millepeda) non ar- 
cuHtur, does not take the form of a bow, Plin. 

ARCUS, us, m. [writteii aiso m an antiquated 
form, in the gen. arqui, Lucr, : and nom, plur. arci, 
Varr. ; in the gen. fern., Enn.] {akin to arc-a, in al- 
lusion to its bent form). I. A 6 ow for the discharge 

of arrows, a. intentus in alqm, Cic. II. Meton. 

A) 7'ke rainbow, a. ipse ex nubibus efficitur, 

Cic. B) Of any other thing in the fomi of a how. 

Thus, the arc of a circle, Sen. ; Col. Hence, of the 
parallel circles round the earth, Ov. ; the curved back 
of a chair, a. selliB, Tac. ; of t/ie curvature of a har- 
bor, Virg. ; of a gulf, Ov. ; of breakers, Id. ; of ser- 
pents, Id. ; of arches or vaults of buildings, of tri- 
umphal arches, Ov.; Suet. 

ARDeA, m,f. (epia&wg). A heron, Virg. 

ARD£A, SB,/. ('ApSe'a). I. Ardea, thecapilal of 
the Rutuli, in Latittm, Varr. ; Ov. II. Hence, 

A) Ardeas, atis [nom. Ardeatis, Cat.]. Of or be- 
longing to Ardea, in agro Ardeati, Cic. Plur., 
Ardeates, ium, The inhabitants of A., Liv. 

B) Ardeatinus, a, um, Of or belongiitg to A., A. 
praidium, Nep. 

ARDeLiO, onis, m. (ardeo, to carry on with zeal). 
A bv sy-body, Phaedr. 

ARDENS, entia. 1. Part, o/ardco. II. Adj. : 

Burning, glowing, hot, fiery. A) Prop. : ar- 
dentea faces intentare, Cic. ; a. t'ebria, burning, 
Plin. ; ardentissitnum tempus aistatis, Id. ; a. aqua, 
Mart. ; a. oculi, sparkling, Virg. ; ardentissimus co- 
lor, very bright, Plin. B) Fig. 1) Gen.: Fiery, 

ardent, ardentior animus, quam est bic aer, Cic. 
2) Esp. a) Of passionate ejection : Hot, ardent, 
veheme7it, fervent, quia umquam fuit avaritla 
tam ardenti ? Cic. ; mortem ardentiore studio pe- 
tere, Id. b) Of speech: Fiery, warm, ardens 
oratio, Cic. 

ARDENTER, adv. Hotly, ardently, vehe- 
mently, eagerly, quo affluentius voluptatesbau- 
riat, eo gravius ardentiusque sitiens, Cic. ; a. cu- 
pere, Id. 

ARDeO, rfii, rsum, 2 v. n. {akin to aridug, as if 
from arido). To be on fire, blaze, burn. I. 
Prop. : caput arsisse Servio Tullio dormienti, Cic. ; 
ardeiitea lapides coelo decidisse, Liv. ; ardebant 
ocuii. .sparkled, jlashed, Cic. Poet.: campi ardent 
arnih, shine, glitter, Virg. ; leena a. Tyrio murice, 

shines, glows. Id. II. Fig. A) To bum, 

glow with passion or vehemence, to be i nfl amed, 
excited with passion; with ablat. : a. desiderio, 
Cic. ; a. cupiditate, Id. ; a. dolore ct ira, Id. ; a. do- 
loribus podagrsB, to be tormented, distressed, Id.; a. 
Galliam, tot contumeliia acceptis, to he in a state of 
ferment. Cobs. Poet., with in f. : To burn with a 
vehement desire, or to be ve.ry desirous of doing 

any thing, ardet abire, Virg.; a. rueie, Ov. B) 

To be inflamed with love, be vio tenily in 
love, deue arait in ilia, Ov. ; a. wgine rapta, Hor. ; 
also with ace. : a, formosura Alexin, Virg. 

APi.D£5LA, EB,/. dim. (ardea). A heron, Plin. 

ARDESCO, arsi, 3 v. inch, (ardeo). To hurst 
into a flame, take fire, begin to burn. I. 
Prop., Ov. ; Plin. ; of the rays of light, to emit beams, 

Ov, ; of the glittering nfa sword, Tac II. Fig. : 

Of paasionate affection or excite.ment. Ov. ; Virg. : 




ARDOR, oris, 7;i. (ardeo). A glowing or burn: 
ing fire, burning heal, heat. I. Prop.: solia 
ardore torreri, Cic; a. ccelestis, qui aether nomina* 
tur, Id. In the plur. : nimios eolis ardores defen- 
dere, Id. ; ille imperatorius a. oculorum, fire, briglu 

ness. Id. II. Fig. Of passions : Flame, fire, 

ardor, heat, animation, glow, desire, cupi- 
ditatum ardore restincto, Cic. ; a. mentis ad glori- 
am. Id. ; a. quidam amorie, Id. Popt. Of the Jin 
or flame of love, Ov. ; Hor. Hence, Melon. : A be- 
loved person or object, flame, Ov. 

ARDOENNA, ae,/. The Ardennes, avastfor- 
est in the northwest of Gaul, CsBs. 

ARDCUS, a, um {akin to the Sanscr. ridh, to 
grow or increase). High, steep. I. Prop, a) 
oppidum ascensu arduo, Cic, ; ardua via, Liv.; a. 
locus, SalL ; a. mens, Ov. ; a. fiupercilia, ^oud, 
Gell. ; in campo sese arduua infert, with neck borne 
aloft, Virg. b) Suhst., arduum, i, n., A steep 
height, eminence, viaa in arduo, Tac; ardua 
Alpium, Id. ; a. castellorum. Id. ; in a, montia, Ov, 

II. Fig. : Difficult, hard, laborious, 

arduous, opus a,, Cic; nihil adeo a sibi exiata- 
mabant, quod non virtute conaequi possent, Cajs.; 
id a. facta erat, Liv. Subst. : nee fuit societaa in 
ardno, Tac. Compar., arduior, Cat, ap. Prise. Sur 
perl., arduissimua, Id. 

aReA, ae, /. {akin to epa, earth). Any operu 
void place, square or place in a city, nunc 
campus et area; repetantur, public places, vialkg, 
Hor. ; a. salinariae, open places near Ute sea, Vitr. 
Thus, especially: A ground-plot, building- 
ground, area, site for a house, ground, pon- 
tifices si sustuleriut refigiooem, aream prEsclaram 
habebimua, Cic; domum dinii jusait, ut monumen- 
to a. eaaet oppreasae netariae spei, Liv. ; an open 
place near or in a house, a yard, court, area, 
floor, resedimua in a. domus, Plin. E. ; an open 
play-ground, Hor. ; a place of combat or 
arena for any action, Ov. ; a career, course. 
Mart.; a halo round the sun, Sen.; a threshing- 
floor, ut neque in segetibus, neque in areis, nequo 
in horreis arator possit fi"audare decumanum, Cic. ; 
area aequanda cyliodro, Virg. ; abed or plot in a 
garden. Col.; Plin.; a fowling-floor, Plaut,; 
a baldness of the head, Mart. 

aReaLIS, e. Of or belonging to a thresh- 
ing-floor, a. cribrum, Serv. Virg. 

aRe-FXCiO \contT. arfacio, Cat; per anastr. fa- 
cit are, Lucr.], feci, factum, 3 i: a. (areo). To 
make dry, dry up, Cat,; Lucr. Pass.: arefieri 
in furno, Plin. ; caulia arefactua, Id. 

IReLaTE. is, n. [Xrelas, atis, n.. Aus.] OApe'Xo- 
rat, 'ApeKarov). A relate, a town of Gallia A'ar- 
bonensis, now Aries, Cees. ; Plin.; Suet Hence, 
Arelatensis, e, Of or belonging to Ar elate, .^. 
ager, Plin. 

AREMORICUS, a. um. See Abmobiccs. 

IRkNA. Ee, /. {akin to areo). I. Sand, soih 
earth, Virg.; Ov, Poet, in the plur., Virg.; Ov. 
Prov. : arentB scmina mandare, to talk in vain, Ov, 

II. MiMn. A) Gen.: A sandy place or 

grouTid, ut arenam aliquam aut paludea cmat, 
Cic. InOieplur.: A sandy country, a sandy 
desert, sands, Tac; Curt— B) Esp. 1) The 
sea-shore, strand, Ov. ; Virg.; also in the plur.. 
Ov. 2) a) The place of combat in the amphi- 
theatre, strewed loiih sand, arena. Suet; Jnv. 
Hence, b) Fig.-. Any place of fighting or 


combat, theatre, prima a. civiUs belli Italia fuit, 
Flor. ; in a. mea, hoc est, apud ceutumviros, i/t my 
department, profiission, Plin. 

XRSNaCeUS, a, um (arena). Sandy, terra a., 
Plin. ; a. setnen. like sand, Id. 

IReNaCUM, i, n. Areiiacum^ a town of the 
Satavi, now Arnheim, Tac. 

AK-ENARIA, m, and -lUM, ii. See the following 

XReNaRIUS, a, um (arena). Belonging to 
sand. Arenaria, », /. (sc. fodina ; a new fona, are- 
narium, ii, n., Vitr.), A sand-pit, in arenarias 
quasdam_perductU8 occiditur, Cic. 

AReNaTIO, onis, /. (arena). A cementing 
with fin e mortar, Vitr. 

AReNaTUS, a, um. Mixed, with sand, a. 
calx, Cat. Subat., arenatura, i, n. (sc. opue), -^ 
fine mortar, consisting one part of lime and two 
of sand, Vitr, 

IReNI-VIGUS, a, um (arena, vagor). Wa7i- 
dering about through sands, Luc. 

XReNoSUS, a, um. Full of sand, sandy, 
litua a., Virg. 

aRENS, entifl. I. Part, of areo. U. Adj.: 

Dry, arid, eaxa a., Ov. ; cetera abrupta atque a., 
Tao. Esp.: Dry with thirst, choked or lan- 
guishing with thirst, Ov. PocC. as an epithet of 
thirst. Id. 

JtRENOLA, ffi, /. dim. (arena). Fine sand, a 
grain of sand; in tfieplur., Plin. 

aR£0, ere, v. n. (ahin to nro). T<i be dry or 

arid. I. Prop., Cat.; Plaut; Ov. II. E»p.: 

To be dry with thirst, to languish, arentibus 
siti faucibua, Liv. ; arentibus siti monstrare fontem, 

aReQLA, IB,/, dim. (area). I. A small open 
place, Plin. U. A little garden-bed, Col. 

IReOPIGiTES, 80, m. ( "ApeiOTraytTT/s). An 
Areopagite, Cic. 

IReOPIGiTICUS, a,um ('ApeioTrflLyiTtKoy). Of 
or belonging to the Areopagites, Sid. 

aReQPXGUS or -OS, i, m. ('Apeios wdyo?). Th e 
Areopagus, Mars* Hill, at Athens, on which t/te 
celebrated Athenian court held its sitcings, Cic. (in 
Tac. called Areum judicium). 

XRES, ie, 771. ('Apijs). Mars, the god of war; 
hence, jocosi, for a warrior, Plaut. 

IRESCO, ere, v. inch. n. (areo). To grow or 
become dry, to dry, dry up or away, nuUo 
modo facilius arbitror posse herbaa a,, Cic. ap. Non. 
Of tears: cito arescit lacrima, praBsertimia alienis 
malls, Cic. 

IRESTORIDES, se, m. ("ApeoTopt^Tj?). The 
son of Arestor, i. e. Argus, Ov. 

JCR£TaL5GUS, i, m. (a/jeroAoyos). One who is 
constantly talking of virtue, a braggart. Suet; 

IReTHoN, ontis, and aReTHO, onis, m. (*Ape'- 
9(iiv), also Arachthua, i, m. The Arethon, a river 
of Epiriis. Liv. 

AReTHuSA, eb./. C.\p4eova-a). Arethusa. L 
A Celebrated fountain in the island of Ortygia, near 
Syracuse, icith which the Alpheus was said to mingle 
its wafers, Cic. In Myth .- A nymph in the train of 
Diana, Ov. II. Poet, meton. for Syracuse, Sil. 

XReTHuSIS, idis. Arethusian, SyracusEB A., 

aRSTHuSIUS, a, um. Arethusian, poet, for 
Syracusan, proles a , 811. 


iRETlNUS(Arr.),a,um. Of or belonging to 
the town Arctium, teata a., Mart Subst., Art;tini, 
orum, m.. The inhabitants of Arctium, Plin. 

aReTIUM or ARRETIUM, ii, n. Arctium, 
a city of Eiruria, now Arezzo, Plin. 

XReUS, a, um ('Apetos). Of or belonging 
to Mars, A. juiiciunj, the Areopagus, Tac. See 

ARGANTHoNlUS, ii, m. ('ApyavButvios). Ar- 
ganthonius, a king of Tariessus, said to have 
reigji^ 80 years, arid to have lived 120, Cic. ; Plin. 
Hence, Arganthoniftcus, a, um, Of or belonging 
to A., Sil. 

ARGeI, orum, m. I. A part of Rome, Liv. ; Ov. 

II. Figures of men, made of rushes, wkidi, in 

memory of ancient human sacrijices, on the Idea of 
May, loere thrown into the Tiber from the pone 6ub- 
liciua, Varr. ; Ov. 

ARGENTaRiA, ae,/. (argentum). I. (sc. fodina) 
A silver mine, veetigalia magaa, instituitex fer- 

rariis argentariisque, Liv. -11, A) (sc. taberna) 

A banking-house, bank, banker' s office, 
Liv. — B) (sc. ars) The prof ession of a bank- 
er or money-changer, M. FulciniuB, qui Romm 
argentanam non ignobilem fecit, Cic. \ a. dissoluta, 
after the dissolution of the bank. Id. 

ARGENTaRIUS. a, nm (argentum). L Be- 
longing to silver, a.metalla.s?/?3ermi7itJS,Plin.; 
a. plumbum, a mixture of tin and lead. Id. ; a. creta, 
a sort of marl for cleansing and polishing siloer, 

tripoly, Id. ; a. faber, a silversmith. Dig. II. 

Esp. : Belonging to money, a. opea, plenty of 
money, Plaut.; a. inopia, want of money. Id. ; a. ta- 
berna, a banker's off^e, a banking-house, bank, Liv. ; 
a. mensa, a banker's table, bank-counter. Dig. 

ARGENTaRIUS, 11,771. L A silversmith, for 

faber a., Inscr. II. A money-changer, 

banker, Cic; Plaut; Suet. 

ARGENTaTUS, a, um (argentum). L Cover- 
ed or ornamented with silver, silvered 
over, plated, a. milites, whose shields were covered 
with silver, Liv II. Furnished or accom- 
panied with money, a. querimonia,/acrf^, Plaut. 

ARGENTe us, i, 771. Argenteus, a small river 
of Gallia Narbonensis. flowing into the Mediterra- 
nean, near Fornm Julii ; now Argens, Lepid. ap. 
Cic. ; also called Argenteus amnis, Plin. Hence, 
pons Argent«us, Lepid. ap. Cic. 

ARGENTe US, a, um (argentum). 1. Made of 
silver, silver, a. aquila, Cic; a. denarius, Plin. ; 
for which we find also simply argenteus, Tac. Fa- 
ceth : amica tua facta est a., is silvered, i. c. sold, 
Plaut. ; salus a., a silver salutation, i. e. money. Id. 

Poet.: a. proles, the Silver Age, Ov.-- —II. Melon. 

A) Ornamented with silver, ascena, Cic; a. 

acies, Liv. B) Clear or bright as silver, 

silvery, Ov. ; a. crinis. Plin. 

ARGENTIEXTeReBR5NiDES, ae, m. (argen- 
tum, exterebro). A fictitious word; one who coaxes 
or cheats another out of his money, a sponger, 
Plaut * 

ARGENTi-FGDlNA (also written as two words), 
fe.f. (argentum). A silver mine, Varr. ;'Plin. ; 

TUS, i, / A rg entorainm, a town of Gallia Bel- 
gica, on the Rhine, now Strassburg, Amm. 
Hence, adj., Argentoratensis, e. Of or belonging 
to Strassburg, Amm.; /..Vict, 



ARGENTOSUS, a, urn (argentum). Full of 
silver, cmitmning stiver, aiirum a., Plin. 

ARGENTUM, i, ii. (ipy^ei? -' hence by contr., Dor- 
ic apya.^, any thin ^ while). I. Silver, Plin. 

11. Melon. A) Silver plate, accessit ad a., Cic; 
navis plena argenti facti atque eignati, full of 
wi-onght and coined silver. — ^B) Stiver coin, coin, 
money, Plaut. ; Hor. C) a. vivum, Quicksil- 
ver. Piin. 

ARGCSTES, is, m. (€irrr}g). The north- 
uies t wj n d, Plin. 

ARGeUS, a, urn (Argos). Arrive, poet, for 
Grecian, Hor. 

ARGI, oi-utn, m. CApyo?). I. Argos, the chief 
city of Argolis, in Peloponnesus, sacred to Juno, 

Liv. ; Virg. ; called also Argos, Plin. ; Ov. II. 

Melon, poet., Argos, for Greece, Luc. 

ARGlA, te, f. ('Apyeta). Argia. \. Daughter 
of Adrastus, w'ife of Pobjnices, Stat, 2. Wife of lua- 
ckus, mother of In, Hyg. 

ARGiLeT.^NUS, a, um. Of or belonging 
to the place Argiletum, Ctc. 

ARGiLeTUM, i, n. A place in Rome in the Vi- 
CU3 Tuscus, wlure booksellers and other tradesmen 
had shops, Cic. ; Virg. Poet, written as two words, 
Argique letum, Mart. 

ARGILLA, SB. /. (opyiXAos, from apyog, white). 
White clay, potter' s earth, loam, homulus 
ex a. et luto fictua, Cic. 

ARGILLaCkUS, a, um (argilla). Like or con- 
sisting of clay, clayey, Piin- 

ARGILLoSUS, a, um (argilla). Full of clay, 
clayey, terra a., VaiT. ; Plin. 

ARGINuS.iE, arum,/. CApytfoiJo-at or -vou<ro-ai). 
The Arginusm, three small islands off the coast 
of JEolU, opposite Mytilene. in Lesbos, celebrated for 
the naval victory of the Athenians over the Lacedce- 
monians, Cic. Sing., Arginussa, Plin. 

ARGlTIS, idis,/. (apyos, white). A kind of vine 
with whir e grapes. Col. 

ARGlVUS, a, um ('Apyeros). I. Of Argos, Ar- 
give, A. orator, Cic; A. augur, i. e. Ampkiaraus, 
Hor. ; Juno A., as the tutelar goddess of Argos, Cic. ; 
Virg. Siibst., Argivi, orum, The inhabitants 

of Argos, the Argives, Cic. II. Melon. 

poet, for Grecian, A. castra, Virg. Argivi, The 
Greeks, classis Argivum, Virg. 

ARGO, as,/. ('Apyw). The ship of the Ar- 
gon ant m, Cic ; Virg.; as a constellation, Cic. 

ARGOLICUS, a, um ('ApyoAtKos). I. Of or b'e- 
longing to Argolis, Argolic, A. sinus, Plin. ; 

A. urbes, Virg. IT. Melon, poet, for Grecian, 

Ov. ; A. decus, i. e. Ulysses, Cic. poeL 

ARG0LICU3, a, um ('Apyw). Of or belong- 
ing to the ship Argo, A. navis, as a constellation, 

ARGOLIS, idis,/. CApyoAi's)- Argolis. I.Adj.: 
Argive, A. Alcmene, Ov. 11, Snbst. (sc. ter- 
ra) : A diftnct of Peloponnesus, Mel. ; Plin. 

ARGONAUT,^, arum, m. CApyovaurai). The 
Argon auls,WR\.Flac. ; Plin.; Hyg. 

ARG6NAUT1CUS. a,um. Of or belonging 
to the Argonauts. Argonautica, the title of a 
poem by ValcriiLS Flaccus, the subje,ct of which is the 
Argonnntic expedition. 

ARGOS, See Argi. 

ARGoUS, a, um ("Apywo^). Of or belonging 
to the ship Argo, or to the Argonautic expe- 
dition, Prop 


ARGCJMENTaTIO, onia,/. (argumentor). I. /« 
RJict. : A reasoning, argumentation, a. est 
explicatio argumenti, Cic. ; perspicuitas argumen 

tatione elevatur. Id. II. Metan.: A proof, eti- 

amne in tam perspicu-ifl rebus a quterenda est, Cic 

ARGOMENTOR, 1 V. dep. (argumentum). I. To 
adduce proof, confirm by argument, 
prove, evince, neque egoin causis, siquidestevi- 
dens, de quo inter omnes conveniat, a. soleo, Cic; 
Dcc jure an injuria ctfisi eint, a. ret'eit, Liv.; a. de 
voluntate alcjs, to projse, show Itxno any one is dis- 
posed, Cic. II. To adduce any thing as a 

proof, atque ego ilia non argumentabor, Cicj 
multaque in earn partem probabilrter argumenta- 
tur, Liv. 

ARGuMENToSUS, a, um. Rich in matter, 
substance, or contents, a. opus, Quint. 

ARGuMENTUM, i, n. (arguo). L Thai from 
which any thing cmt be proved, a proof, argu- 
ment, mark, sign, reasoii, a. est ratio, qua rei 
dubiai Tacit fidem, Cic. ; exemplis mapis quam ar- 
gumenris refellere conatur, Id, ; MaseiTiensiura fac- 
tum mihi argumento est, serves me for proof, is to 
me a proof, la.; argumento sitclades Romana,Liv.; 
a. ingens caritatisi a proof, sign, mark, Tac. ; fabu- 
IfB novae quid habent argument!, nisiut emas, &c, 

what else do they show, mean, but, &c,, Cic. II, 

Esp. A) In works of art (in the widest sense, includ- 
ing speeches) : The materials, contents, mat- 
Xer, subject, occurrence, story, &.C., of any 
represen.tation of art, argumentum plura sigmficat ; 
nam et fabulse ad actum scenicarum compositas ar- 
gumenta dicuntur, et orationum Ciceronia velul 
thema ipse exponens Pedianus : Argumentum, in- 
quit, tale est, &c,, Quint, ; tragici poetee quum es- 
plieare argumenti exitum non potestis, confugitifl 
ad deum, Cic. ; Livius Andronicus ausus est pri- 
mus argumento fabulam serere, to compose a whole 
piece on one subject, Liv. Of works oft)i6 imitmive 
arts : ex ebore diJigentiseime perfecta a. erant iu 
valvis, Cic; vetus a. in tela deducitur, Ov. — B) 
In the language of Philosophy : A conclusion, 
syllogism, Cic. 

ARGtiO, iii, utum, 3 (dpyo?, white). To give 
to understand, point out, affirm, skoio, 
prove. I. Gen.: speculatores, non legates venisse 
arguebat, Liv. Mid. : laudibus arguitur vini vino- 
sus Homerus, shows or betrays himself, Hor. Of 
things : degeneree animos timor argiut, shotoS, 
Virg. ; and Mid. : apparet virtus arguiturque ma- 
ils, shows Itself, Ov. II. Esp. a) In Law. qu. 

To assert or affirm any one as guilty, to 
accuse, inform against, impeach, indict, 
si coram eura a. vellent, Liv. ; reos, ne apud prffi- 
fectum urbis arguerentur, apud prsetorem detulit, 
Tac. TViih geJi. : a. criminis. Tac. ; a. fuita, Phiedr. ; 
a. repetundarum, Tac With de : qua^ri oportetde 
eo crimine, quo de arguatur, Cic. b) Meton. Of 
things : To accuse, censure, nee ea culpa, 
quam arguo, omnium Albanorum est, Liv. ; tribuni 
plebis arguunt in C. Ctesare regni voluntatem, Veil 

ARGUS, i, m. ('Apyo?). Argus. 1. A hundred- 
eyed monster^ who watched lo, Ov. 2- The builder 
ofOie ship Argo, Val. Flac. 

ARGUS, a. um. for Ardvus, Plaut 

ARGOTaTIO, Onis,/. ^A crcaAi?*^ noise, Ca- 

ARGOTaTOR, 6ris, m A subtle disputant, 


ARGlJ'r/!3, adv. (argutua). I. Shrewdly, acute- 
ly, ingeniously, Cic. U. Slyly, cun- 

ninj^ly^ Phiut. 

ARGuTi^, arum (tirgutus). I. That which pi'o- 
ditce» a strong effect upon the senses, any thing live- 
ly, expressive, speaking, or vigorous, a. digitorum, 
a quick motion ofthefivgers; Cic. ; orgutias vultua. 
PUn. ; tarn urtiticeB a., the notes (of the nightingale), 
Id. JI. Fig. A) Ing eniiily^ subtlety, wit- 
tin, acuteness, Demosthenes nihil argutiis 
Hypuridi cedit, Cic. — B) In a bad sense : Graft, 
slyness, cunning, niliil est, quod illi (GrEeci) 
non persequiintur suis argutiis, Cic. ; importunu at- 
que audax argutia, Gell. 

ARGUTO, are. To prattle, a. alcui alqd, Prop. 

ARGtJTOR, 1 V. dep. (argutus). I. To prattle, 
chatter, Plaut. II. 'To talk pertly, shrewd- 
ly, Plaut. III. To make a noise with the 

ftitit ; Ofa fuller, to sPamp, Tit. ap. Non. 

ARGuTOLUri, a, um, dirti. (argiitus). I. Some- 
what talkative, famula a„ App. II. Some- 
what ingenious or subtle, admonitu tuo per- 
ftjci sann argutulos iibros, Cic. 

ARGOTUS, a, um. I. part, of arguo. II. 

Adj. A) prop. 1) Producing a strong effect tipon 
the senses. Lively, sharp, clear, loud, and the 
like, oculi nimis a., lively, eloquent, speaking, Cic. ; 
a. caput, morable.Yivg.; a. hirundo, twittering. l&.; 
a. cicada, shrill. Mart. ; a. ilex, whispering, rustling. 
Id. Poet. : A n epithet of musicians andpoets, Hor, ; 
Mart J a. forum, noisy, Ov. ; a. odor, penetrating, 
sharp, pungent, PVia. 2) Meton. : Verbose, talk- 
ative, prating, literae quam argutissimas de 

omnibus rebus mlttas, Cic. B) Fig. 1) a) Intel- 

Ur.tualty : Sharp, ingenious, acute, subtle, 
witty, quick, quia illo (Catone) in sententiis ar- 
gutior ? Cic. ; a. orator, Id. ; a. dicta, Id. b) In a 
bad sense: Sly, cunning, crafty, a. meretrix, 
Hor. 2) la the language of augurs : Plain, de- 
vionstrative, distinct, sunt qui vel argutissi- 
ma hfflc exta esse dicant, Cic. ; a. omen. Prop. 

ARGyRASPIS, idis (ap-yupao-irty). A soldier with 
a shield covered' with plates of silver, Liv. ; Curt.; 

ARGfRlPA or ARGYRIPPA, aj,/ CApyvptVn-a). 
Argyripa, a town of Apulia, called also Arpi, 

aRIA, 8B,/. ('Apia). A ria, aprovinc-e of the Per- 
sian empire, to the east of Parthia, and north of the 
great desert of Carmauia. It answers to the eastern 
part of Khorassan, and the west and northwest part 
of Afghanistan, Plin. 

XRiADNA, as, or es, /. (*Apta8nj). Ariadne, 
daus^hter of Minos, king of Crete, Ov, 

aRiADN^US, a, um ('ApioScatoy). Of or be- 
loneing to Ariadne, Ov. ' 

iRiCIA. aJ, / Aricia, an ancient city of Lati- 
vm, near which was a grove and temple of Diana, 
who was worshipped here with barbarous customs. It 
is now Riccia. 

XRlCiNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Aricia, A. regio,. Mart, Suhst., Aricini, orum, m., 
The inhabitants of Aricia, Liv. 

XRIDiTAS.atis,/. (aridus). I. Dryness, arid- 
ity, omnem humorem absorbens ariditatem am- 

pliat, Plin. II. Meton. : Any thing dry or arid. 


ARIDtJLUS, a, um (aridus). Somewhat dry, 


XRiDUS [contr. ardua, Lucil.], a, um (areo). L 
A) Dry, arid. a. foliH, Cic; terra a., Plin. Subst., 
aridum,i,n., Dry Land, a dry place, iwxte^avi- 
do, aut paululum in aquam prugressi, Ctes. ; lungas 
naves in aridum siibduxerat, Id. — B) Meton. I) 
As of dry things: a souus (as when one breaks dry 
wood), Lucr. ; a. jragor, Virg. 2) Lean, meagre, 
poor, penurio us, R. crura., Ov. '3) Poet. : Mak- 
ing dry, drying up, a. sitis, Lucr.; a. calor, 

Id.; a, febris, Virg. II. Fig. A) Of speech : 

Dry, poor, jej une, genua serraonis a., Cic; a. 
narratio, Quint. ; andissirai libri, Tac ; nlso of an 
orator, a. orator, Quint ; a. rhetores. Sen. ; a. mag- 

ister, Quint. — B) Ignorant, pueri a., Suet. 

C) Avaricious, a. pater, Ter. 

aRiES, ietis, m. (eppaos, compare app-ijy, Sanscr. 
varaha). I. A ram, Varr.; Plin.; a sign of the 
zodiac called the Ram, ^"^g. II. A battering- 
ram, quamvis murum ariee percusserit, Cic. 2) 
Fig. : ex quo a. ille subjicitur in vestria actionibus, 
support, Cic. C) A kind of shark, Plin. 

ARiETARiUri. a, urn (&rie8). Of or belong, 
ing to a battering-ram, a. machina, Vitr. 

IRieTaTIO, onis,/. (Sriea). A b uttiiig, after 
the manner of rams. Sen. 

XRieTINUS. a, um (aries). L Of or belong- 
ing to a ram, a. ungula, Plin. II. A) Like 

a ram's head, a. cicer, Plin. — B) Fig.: Ambig- 
uous (from the divergent horns of the ram), a. ora- 
culura, Gell. 

IRlSTO, 1 V. a. and n. (ariea). To bittt, as a 
ram; to strike in a vekfment manner, quia illic 
est, qui tam proterve no.'^tras tedes arietat? Plaut. ; 
arietata inter se arma, Sen. ; a. in portas, Virg. ; 
arietare inter se, to engage in battle. Sen. ; arietare 
in aliqua re, to ru?t or strike against, Id. 

AKiMASPI, orum. m. CAptjaacrTrot). The Ari- 
maspi, a people in the north of Scythia, Plin. 

XRlMINENSIS, e. Of or belonging to Ari- 
minum, A. ager, Plin. Subst., Arirainensea, ium, 
Th e inhah itants of Ariminum, Cic 

iRlMiNUM, i, 71. Ariminum, a town of Um- 
bria, now Rimini. Cic. ; Plin. 

XRtOBARZANES, ie, m. ('Apto^ap^ainj^). Ario- 
barzanes. 1. The name of several kings of Cap- 
padocia, 9. The name of several kings of Ponius, 

ARIOLA. ARIOLATIO, &c. See Haeiol. 

ARlON (Alio), onis, m. ('ApCtov). Arion. 1. A 
celebratfd player on the cithara, of Methymna in Les- 
bos, saved by a dolphin, Cic. ; Ov. 2. A horse pre- 
sented by Neptune to Adrastus, Prop. 

IRitiNiUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Arion, A. lyra, Ov. 

ARIOVISTUS, i, m. Ariovistus, a king of a 
Germanic people in the time of Ctesar, Caes. 

ARISBA, as, or-E, es,/. CAptV^vj). Arisba. 1. 
A town of Tioas, Virg. 2. A town of Lesbos, Mel. 

ARISTA, a3, /. (aJzin to Germ. Aehre, En^i 
ear). I. The beard of an ear of corn, Cic; 

Varr. ; Ov. IL Meton. V) An ear of corn, Ov. ; 

also ear of spikenard, Id. Hence, 2) Poet, for- Sum- 
mer, Claud. 

i[RIST.iEUS, i, m. CApto-TaZoO- Aristceus, son 
of Apollo and Cijrcn.e, father of Actaon, Virg. ; Cic. 

XRISTARCHkUS, a, um. Of or belonging 
to Aristarchus; Ae77cc, s'(&s«., Aristarchei, orum, 
m., The followers of A., a severe critic, Varr. 

XRISTAnCHUS, i. m. ("Apio-TapYOs ). Aris- 

tarckus, a famous critic of Al^tandrca, Cic. Ap- 
pell, for a crit ic, orationes meas, quarura tu A. es, 

SRISTlDES, 19, wi. CApto-Tet'fiT)?). Aristides 1. 
Ail Athenian famous for his love of justice, contem- 
porary with Tlicmistocles. 2. A painter of Thebes, 
Contemporary with Apelles, Pliii. 3. A celebrated 
Greek rhetorician, born A-D. 117. 4. The author of 
the moat valuable treatise on music that has come down 
to us. 5. A poet, who wrote a licentious poem enti- 
tled MilesiacM,. 

SRISTIPPEUS, a, urn. Of or belonging- to 
Aristippus, illud Aristippeum contemncre, Cic. 

XRISTIPPUS, i, m. ('A/atcrriTrTros). Aristippus, 
a philosopher of Cyrene, pupil of Socrates, and found- 
er of the Cyrenaic sect, Cic. ; Hor. 

ARISTIU3, a. Aristius, a Roman family name ^ 
A. Fuscus, a poet, rhetorician, and grammarian^ 
friend of Horace, Hor, 

aRISTO, onie, m. (ApCa-rtav). Aristo, a philos- 
opher of Chios, pupil of Zeiio, Cic. 

aRISTOGiTON, onis, m. {'ApLa-ToyeCrajv). Aris- 
togiton, an Athenian who, together with Harmo- 
dius, overthrew the dominion of the PisisiratidtE, Cic. 

aRISToLOCHiA, ffi, /. (apCa-ToXoxCa). A plant 
said to be useful in child-birth, Aristolochy, 
heart-wort, birth-wort, Cic; Plin. 

aRISToNeUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Aristo, Ar is ton edii, A. Yi^^, CiQ. 

ARISTONlCUS, i, m. ( ApitrroviKo-;). Arislo- 
nicus, a natural son of King Eumencs, vanquished 
by the consul M. Perperna, Flor. ; Vel]. ; Just. 

IRISTOPHiNES, is, m. ('Apto-To^ai/TjO- Aris- 
tophanes. 1. A celebrated comic poet of Athens in 
the time of Socrates, Cic. ; Hor. 2. A celebrated 
grammarian of Byzantium, pupil of Eratosthenes, 
tutor to the critic Aristarchns, Cic. 

1RIST5PHaNkUS or iUS, a, um. Of or he- 
longing to the poet Aristophanes, Aristo- 
phanic. A. anapiestus, Cic. 

aRISTOTkLES, is, or i, m. CApta-TOTeAijs). Aris- 
totle. \. A celebrated Greek philosopher, native of 
Staglra in Macedonia, pvpil of Plato, tutor to Alex- 
ander the Great, founder of the Peripatetic sect. 2. 
A gvpsl of Cicero, Cic. 

ARIST5Ti;:LEU3 or iUS, a, um. Of or be- 
longing to Aristotle, Aristotelian, A. via, 
Cic. ; A. ratio. Id ; A. Topica, Id. 

XRISTOXkNUS, i, m. ('Api.oTo^ei'os). Aristox- 
enus, a philosopher and musician, pupil of Aristotle 

XRITHMeTiCA, aj, and -E, es, /. (dp tejLLijTtKiJ, 
sc. ri\vr\), Arithme tic, the science of numbers 
Sen. : Plin. ^ 

itRITHMETICUS, a, nra (iptejUTjTt«rds). Arith- 
metical, a. ratio, Vitr. Subst., Arithrnetica, oruni, 
n., Arithmetic, in nritbmeticis satis exercitatus 

iRiUS, i, m. A rius, a river of Aria, now Her i- 
roorf.Plin.; cflZ/eoJ a^o Arias, Amm. 

XRlUS, i, m. ('Apet'oy). A rius, a well-known 
heretic, Prud. 

XRIt)3iUS, a, um. Ariusian, of the district 
Ariusia, in Chios, A. vina, Virg. 

ARMA. Sium [gen. pi. armum, Pnc. ap. Cic. de 
Or.], n. {allied to APfl, ars, artus ; hence, prop., any 
tjdng joined to, fitted ou, another; hence), Armor, 
in strum en ts, tools, implements. 1. Gen, : 
Thus, agricultural implements, Ov. ; Virg. : the ntcn- 

sils of bakers, Virg. ; the eguipmeiU and riggijig.ef 
a ship {as the masts, oars, sails, cables, &c.), I^j 
scissors for cutting the hair. Mart. ; a wing as an in- 
strument for flying, Ov. II. A) 1) Esp.: Mili- 
tary equipage, arms, as well generally as for defenct 
(defensive ai-mor, opp. tela), a. alia ad tegendum, 
alia ad nocendura, Cic. ; a. capere, Id. ; a. 6umere 
Id.; vocare ad a., Id.; concitare ad a., Ca;s.; de- 
scendere ad a., Id. ; aptare a,, Liv. ; induere a., Id; 
decernere annis, Cic. ; esse in armi.s, Cafa ; arraa 
virique, to denote all men able to bear arms, a, v'roB- 
que ad bella pollicentes, Liv. ; per a., per viros late 
stragem dedere, Id. 2) Melon, a) Soldiers, troops, 
nostro supplicio liberemus Romana a., Liv.; nulla 
usquam apparuerunt a., Id. ; auxilaria a., auxilia- 
ries, Ov. b) War, quorum (armorum) exicuseem- 
per incerti, Cic. ; nihil tarn fugisse quam a. civilia, 
Id. ; ab extemis a. otium erat, Liv. ; a, inferrelta- 
lite, Nep. Poet, for Combg-t, fight, Virg, — B) 
Fig.: Arms, preservatives, protecting 
means, posse se facile armis prudentiM tueri at 
que defendere, Cic. ; aptissima sunt a. senectutis 
artea, Sec, Id. 

ARMaMENTA, orum,7i. (arma). Implements, 
tools; esp. of ships, the tackling, omnia caute 
a. locane, Cic. ; quum omnis Gallicis navibus spea 
in veils a. qiie consisteret, Cebs. ; Liv. ; a. vinearum, 
poles, props, Plin. 

ARMAMENTARIUM, ii, n. (arm amen turn). I. 
An armory, ex asdibus sacrisa. que publicis arma 
populo Romano dantur. Cic. II. The equip- 
ment and rigging of a ship, tackling, Plio. 

ARMaRiUM, ii, n. (arma). A chest for arms 
or tools, a safe, cupboard, closet, Cic. 

ARMaTuRA, se, /. (armo). L Armor, equip- 
ment, a. varia peditatus et equitatus, Cic; Numi- 
dffi levis arraaturte, Ca^s. II. Meton. A) Arm- 
ed soldiers, nostra levis a., Cic. 

AR3IaTUS, a, um (armo). L Part, of anno. 

II. ^rf;'. A) Gen.: Provided, furnished^ 

eq iiippe d with any thing, classes a., Virg. 
1) a) Esp.: Furnished with arms, ur with 
things serving for arms, equipped, armed, in 
arms, iniiltitudo a., Liv.; armata millia centum,o 
hundrid thousand armed men, Ctes. ; urbs a. muris, 
fortified, defended, Cic. Poet. : a. anni, years of war, 
Sil. b) Snbst.. armati, Armed men, persorti 
bearing arms, omnia loca multitudine armatfr 
rum completa, Cais. 2) Fig.: Armed, armali 
animis, Cic. 

ARMaTUS. us, m. (armo). I. Armor, equip- 
ment {found only in the abl. sing.), baud dispari 

a., Liv.; Cretico maxinie a.. Id. II. jVcWn.: 

Men bearing arms, soldiers, magna parte 
impedimentorum relicta in Bruttiis, et omni graFi- 
ore a., heani-armed soldiers, Liv. 

ARMENIA, te,/. ("Ap/j.evi'a). A rmenia, a conn- 
try of A^in, divided into Armenia major {to tkeeast; 
now El zcrovju, Kars, T''an, and Erivan) and 
minor {lo the irr.^t ; now ariswcring to the country 
east and south of the city if'Sirvas, as far as theEfi- 
phrntes and Taurus). Plin.; Cic. 

ARMeNiJ^CUS. a, um ('Apjuei'ioKo?). Armeni- 
an, A. bellum, Plin. ; A. triumphus. Id. ; A. malum, 
or simpbi Armeniacum, an oj-n-icor. Col. 

ARMkNIUS, a, um. I. Armenian, A. reges, 

Cic; A. tigrcs, Virsr. If. Subst. A) Armeniufl 

ii,m., An Armenian, Ov. B) Armenium.ii,". 

1) (sc. pigmentum) Ultramar in c, a beautifidhlvt 

color niadfl of an Armenian stone, Van*. 2) (sc. po- 
mum) An apricot, Col. 

ARMENTaLIS, e. Belonging to a herd, a. 
equte, trained up for breeding, Virg. 

ARMENTaRIUS, a, urn (armentum). Belong- 
ing Lo a herd, a. morbi, Sol. Subst., Annentari- 
us, ii, wt., A neat-herd, herdsman, Varr. 

ARMKNTUM, i, n. (contr. for aramentum, from 
aro). I. Plough-cattle [but jumentum, contr. 
for jugiment\im,froviia gum, draught-cattle] ; most- 
ly in theplur. : greges armentoruin, Cic. ; Liv. In 
the sing. : prai se armentum agens, Liv. ; a. aegro- 
tat in agria, Hor. II. Melon.: Of horses and 

other large animals, Virg. ; Plin. Of stags, Virg. ; 
a. immania Neptuni, of sea-monsters, Id, A herd or 
drove, in gen., multa a. equorum boumque, Plin. 
ARMiFER, era, grum (arma, fero). Bearing 
arms, armed, Ov.; an epithet of Minerva, Id. 

ARMiGEU, era, erum (arma, gero). I. Bearing 
arms, armed, pennigerum, non a. corpus, Att. ; 
a. deus, i. e. Mars, the god of war, Sil. Poet. : a. hu- 
mus, producing armed men, Prop. ; a. sulcus, the 
same, Claud. Subst.: An armed person, cum 

paucis armigeris, Curt. II. Bearing the 

arms of anothe?' person ; subst.. An armor-bear- 
er, Thoactes a. regis, Ov. ; a. Jovis, i. e. the eagle. 
Id. Hence, melon.: An aider, abettor, Sergius 
a. Catiline, Cic. 

ARMILLA, le, / dim. (armus). I. A n armlet, 
bracelet, Cic; Plaut. As a military badge : ma- 

nipulum armillis donavit, Liv. II. An iron 

ring, Vitr. 

ARMILLaTUS, a.umCarmilla). I. Ornament- 
ed with an armlet. Suet. II. Ornament- 
ed with a collar or necklace, Prop. 

ARMfLUSTRUM, i, n. A place at Rome, where the 
Romans used once a year to sacrifice under arms, and 
to consecrate their weapons, Liv. This festival was 
called Armiluatrium, Varr. 

ARMlNIUS, ii, TO. Arminius, a celebrated Ger- 
man chief, who defeated Varus, Veil. ; Tac. ; Flor. 

ARMIPOTENS, entis (arma, potens). Power- 
ful in arms, warlike, Virg.; Stat. 

ARMI-S5NUS, a, um (arma. sono). Resound- 
ing with arms, Virg. 

ARMO, 1 V. a. (arma). To equip, provide 
wUh necessaries. I, Gen.: qu£e sunt usui ad arman- 
das naves, C^es. ; muri propugnaculieque armaban- 
tur, Liv. ; a. thecam calamis, to provide. Mart. 

II, Esp. : To equip, provide with arms, 

to arm. A) Prop.: quum in pace multitudineni 
armarjt, Cic. ; eos armandos curat, Caes. ; utquem- 
que casus armaverat, Sail.— B) Fig.: To arm, 
equip, sese armare eloquentid., Cic; dexteram 
patris in filiam armavit, Liv. ; Claudii ^ententia con- 
Eules armabat in tribunes, put into a passion, pro- 
voked. Id, 

ARMQRJC^ CIVITATES [Aremoricte, Aus.] 
{Celtic, from ar, on, near; and in6r, the sea). A 
namegiveti to the. stales on the northwest coast of Gaul, 
from the Ligeris to the Sequana, now Bretagne, 
and apart of Normandy, Cass. 

ARMUS, i, m. (apfjLos (from apoy), a joining). 
The shoulder-blade, the forequarter; most- 
ly of animals [of man, humerus], Plin.; Ov. The 
shoulder oftlic human body, Virg. ; poet, also, the hu- 
man arm, Luc. ; the side,fiank, of animals, Virg. 

ARNE, es, /. ("AprTj). Arne, a town of Bceotia, 

ARNIENSIS, e. Of or belonging to theriver 
Am us, A. tribus, mo^t distant from Rome, Liv. 

ARN5BiUS, ii, m, Amobius, a native of Afri- 
ca, and father of the Church in thf. time of the Em- 
peror Diocletian. 

ARNUS, i, m. ("Apvos). The Arnus, ariverof 
Etruria,now Arno, Plin. 

IRO, Iv.a. (apdw). To plough, till. J. Prop.: 
terram a., Varr, ; ager non aemel aratus, Cic. Ab- 
sol. : fodere nut a., Sen. ; tempua araudi, Virg. 
II. Melon. A) Gen.: To carry on the busi- 
ness of agriculture, to live by tillage, elves 
Romani qui arant in Sicilia, i. e. cultivate, farm the 
public lands, Cic. ; qute homines arant, navigant, 
iBdificant, Sail. — B) Poet.: To plough the main, 
i. e, sail through, a. tequor, aquas, Ov. Of 
wrinkles which spread over the body like furrows. Id. 
IRoMA, atis. n. (apwfj-a). Spice, Col. 
-SRoMITlTES, ai, m. (apwjuaTtTTjs). A. vinum, 
aromatic wine, hippocras, Plin. 

ARPI, orum, m. Arpi, a town of Apulia, also 
called Argyripa, Cic. ; Liv. ; Plin. 

ARPiNAS, atis. Of or belonging to Arpi- 
7t,um\ A. fundus, Cic; A. aquae, Id. Subst., Arpi- 
nates,ium. The inhabitants of Arpinum, Cic. 
ARPiNUM, i, n. Arpinum, atown of Lailuvi, 
birthplace of Cicero and Marias, now Arpino, Cic. ; 
ARPINUS, a, um. L Of Arpi, Liv. Subst., Ar- 

pini, The inhabitants of Arpi, Liv. II. Of 

Arpinum, A. chartaj, i. e. the writings of Cicero, 

ARRECTUS, a, um. I, Part, of arrigo. 

II. Adj.. Prop.: Raised; hence, sleep, precipi- 
tous, pleraque Alpiuui nb Italia sicut breviora, ita 
ari-ectiora sunt. Liv. 

AR-RePO (ad, repo), psi, ptum, 3v.?i. To creep 
to or toward. I, Prop.: raus a. ad columbtiria, 

Varr. ; rubette a. foribus, Plin. II. Fig. : To 

steal softly to or toward, a. leniter in spem, 

ARREPTANS, antia (arrepo). Creeping to or 
toward, arreptantibua Satyris, Plin. 

ARRHA, a;./., and ARRHZBO {also without aspi- 
ration, ARRA and ARRABO). onis, m. and f. (dp- 
e'a^iiiv). I. An earnest, token, pledge, arrba- 
0, Plant; Ter. ; ironic, nrrhB-vaovXis, money given 

to physicians, Plin. 11. 'Fig.: hunc arrhabo- 

nem amoris a me accipe, Plaut. 

ARRHABO, onis. Seethe preceding article. 
ARRiA, a?,/. Arria, the wife of Patus, famous 
for ker greatness of soul, Tac. 

AR-RiDeO. nsi, lisum, 2 v. n. (ad, rideo). I, To 
laugh or smile at or on any thing, esp, with ap- 
jn-obatiov, and ichen one answers in conversation; 
absol. or with a dot., less frequently with an ace, leni- 
ter arridens Scipio, Cic. With dot. : uotis familia- 
riter a., Liv, With ace. : video quid arriseris. Id. 

II. Melon. A) Of things: To please, be 

agreeable, iljud tuum, quod valde mihi arriserat, 
Cic. — B) To bear any one good-will, be well- 
affected toward any one, Lucr. 

AR-RifGO Cadr.), exi, ectum, 3 v. a. (ad, rego). 
To raise, erect. I. Prop.: leo comas arrexit, 
Virg. ; a. aures, to prick vp {opp. demittere), Plaut, 

II. Fig.: To stir up, arouse, excite, ani» 

mate, eos oratione sua Marius arrexerat, Sail.; 
omnes reliquia belli i^vrectya, roused. Id. ; a. animos 
alcjs, to spur on, encourage, incite, Sail. ; Liv. ; Virg. 



AR-RIPIO (adr.), ipui, eptum, 3 (ad, rapio). To 
draw or take any thing quickly to one^ s self, 
to catch or snatch at. I. Prop. A) Gen.: quum 
munura Comniii arripuieset, Hirt. ; arma, qute pos- 
sent, aiTipiunt, Ctes. j cultro arrepto, Liv, ; a. cas- 
tra, to attack, Virg. ; a. naves, to take forcible pos- 
session of, Tac. Poet. : a. terrain veils, to gain the 

shore, Virg. B) Esp. in Laio : To drag one to 

a court of justice, ad quasstionem ipse abreptus 
est, Cic. ; consules abeuntes magistratu arripuit, 

lyiv, II. Fig. A) To catch hold of seize, 

acq uirBf comprehend {quickly, with zeal), a. eibi 
cognomen ex jEliorum imaginibus, Cic; a. liben- 
ter facultatein Iwdendi, Id. B) Poet.: To at- 
tack any one with abusive language, to inveigh 
against, censure, a. primores populi, Hor. 

ARRlSIO (adr.), onis,/. (arrideo). A smiling 
upon, approving, interpellatio aut a., Auct. Her. 

ARKlSOR (adr.), oris, m. (arrideo). One who 
smiles on another with approbation, a flatter tr. 

ARRoDO, osi, osum, 3 u. a. (ad, redo). I. To 
gnaw or nibble at any thing, arrosis clipeis, 

Plin. II. Fig.: To impair, hurt, rempub- 

licam a., Cic. 

ARR5GANS, autie. I. Part, o/arrogo. 11. 

Adj.: Presumptuous, arrogant, haughty, 
Cic. ; Tac. Compar., pigritia a., Quint. 

ARRQGANTER(adr.),ari». Presumptuously, 
arrogantly, proudriy, Cic; CaiS. ; Tac. Com- 
par.. Suet. 

ARROGANTIA, a, /. (arrogo). I. Presump- 
tion, arrog ance, haughtiness, omnia a. odiosa 
eat, Cic. ; avaritia et a., praicipua validorum vitia, 
'I'ac II, Obstinacy, pertinacity, Liv. 

ARROGaTiO, onis, /. (arrogo). A solemn 
adoption of one thai is of age, Gell. 

ARROGO, Iv. a. (ad, rogo). I. To ask or in- 
quire of Plant. II. To procure to one's 

self or another any thing (.foreign), to add to ojie's 
self or another. A) Prop. 1) Polit. t. t. : To add 
one official to another, to associate him with 
another, huic (consuli) dictatorem arrogari baud de- 
coi-um visum est, Liv. 2) In Law t. t.: Solemn- 
ly to adopt as a child one that is of age, Gell. 

B) Fig. ]) To procure, acquire any thing for 
any 07ie, chartis pretium quotus nrroget annus, 
Ilm-. ; fortuna laudem ot decus arrogavit, Id. ; nihil 
nuu nrroget armis, clairns evtry thing by right of 
arms. Id. 2) To usurp, assume, arrogate to 
one's self any thing that is not our own, or that is 
undne, Cic. ; Sail. 

ARROSOR, oris, m. (arrodo). One who gnaws 
at any thing, a nibhler, consumer, stultorum 
divitum a., Sen. 

ARS, tis, /. ("APO, dpTuo), artus). The faculty 
of joining or uniting any thing, corporeal or spirit- 
ual, properly or skillfully ; Skill, dexterity, art, 
ability. I. Prop.: S/iill or faculty of tlie mind 
or body that shows itself in peiforming any work; 
Trade, prof cssion, art, sczc7J ce, gubernatoris 
a., Cic. ; a dissereiidi, dialectics. Id. ; ft. rhetoricn, 
rhetoric, Quint. ; a. musica, Plin. ; artes urbanse, i, 
e.jiirisprndcnce and clnguence, Liv, ; artes persequi, 
Id. ; nrtibus infici. Id. II. Mcton. A) 1) A col- 
lection of rules belong ing to an art or science ; Th c- 
ory, system, non omnid, qutycumqno loquimur, 
raihi videntur ad artera ft ad priscepta esse revo- 
canda, to be reduced to rules or theories of m-t, Cic. 

— B) Pott, concr. 1) A piece or work of art, 
divite me artium, quas aut Parrhasius protulit 
aut Scopaa. Hor. 2) artes, The Muses, artium 

chorus, Phaijdr. C) 1) Subjective: Art, skill, 

address {in good or bad sense), qui artis bonas fe. 
mam quserit, Sail. 2) In a bad sense : capti eadem 
arte sunt qua 'jepf;rantFabio6,Liv. ; Cythereanovas 
artes versat, Virg. ; malte artes, bad qualities, Tac. 

ARSaCES, is. 771. ('Apo-aKT)s). Arsaces, tkejira 
king of Parthia, Just. ; his successors, Ars&cidffi,' 
arum, m., Tac ; Luc 

ARSACIDjE, arum, m. See Arsaces. 

ARSAMoSATA, a;./. Arsamosata, aslrovgly 
fortified city in Anneiiia Major, now Shemshal, 
Tac; Plin. 

ARSeNiCUJI. i, n. (ap<7£viK6v or appeviKov), 
Arsenic, orpiment, Plin. 

ARSt A, a?, m. Arsia, a river of L-itria, forming 
the boundary between Upper Italy and Illyricum, noto 
Arsa, Plin. 

ARSiA SJLVA. A forest of Etruria, Liv. 

ARSlNOE, es, /. ('Apo-ti-oij). I. Arsinoe, the 
daughter of Ptoltmans Lagi and Berenice, wife of 
King Lysimachus, afterward of her brother PloU' 

mmu,s Philadelphus, Just. II. The daughter of 

Lysimachus, first wife of Ptolcm^Eiis Philadelphus, 
Plin, III. A daughter of Ptolemaus A uletes, sis- 
ter of Cleopatra, Hirt. IV. One of tfie Hyades, 

Hyg. V. The name of several towns : 1. In 

Lowei- Egypt, Plin. 2. In Cyrenaica, Mel. 3" In, 
Cilida, Plin. 

ARSiNuETICUi^, a, urn. Of or belonging 
to the town Arsinoe in CHicia, A. aqua, Plin. 

ARSiNOeUM, i, n. The monument of Ar- 
sinoe. wife of PtolemcEUs Philadelphus, Plin. 

AR.^IS, is,/. (apcTL?). Metr.: The elevation 
of the voice {opp. tiiesis) ; in pure Latin, eublatio, 
M- Cap. ; Gramm. 

ARSUS, a, um, part, of avdeo. 

ARTABaNUS. i, m. Artabanus. 1. Son of 
Hystaspes, and brother of Darius, Nep. ; JusL 2. A 
king of Parthia, of the family of the Arsacida, Tac; 

ARTITUS or ARCTATUS. a, um. I. Port, of 

arto. II. Adj. (prop, drawn together, coTitraci- 

ed ; hence), Narrow ; and of time, short, si.foa- 
tus. Luean ; artati temporis spatium. Veil. 

ARTAXATA. m, f, and orum,n. ('ApTafara). Ar 
tax a La, the Imer capital of Arme^iia Major, tka 
ruins of which arenow called Ardashat, Tac.j Juv, 

ARTAXERXES, is, m. CApra^ep^-q^). Arlax- 
erxes, the name of several kings of Persia, Nep.; 

ARTE or ARCTE. adv. Xarrotoly, tightly, 
closely, a continentur trabes, Cebs.; quara artis- 
sime ire, Cic. ; artissime diligere alqra, very vehe- 
mently, mo.'it dearly, Plin, 

ARTkMIS, idis, /. ('Aprc^t?). The Greek name 
of Diana, Phn. 

ARTEMISIA, w, /. CApTCfxiaCa). Artemisia. 
1. A queen of Halicarnassus, who accompanied Xerxes 
in his expedition against Greece. 2. The wife of 
Maiisoli's, king of Cnria, who erected to his m'cmonj 
the famous Mausoleum, Gell. 

ARTEMlSlUM. ii, ?/. ('Apre/nio-ioi/). Artemisi- 
inn. I. A tract of country on the northemi coast of 

Eubma. II. A promontory of Carlo, near tht 

Gulf of Glaucus, PUn. 
Arv.Ti:MON, onis, m. (apreVwi^). I. 4 small 

tail, l9id.- 
like, Vitr. 

-II. The pulley of a crane, or Ike 

ARTeRiA, eb, / [pluT. arteria, orum, w., Lucr.J 
(apTijpi'o.). I, Tke windpipe., Plin. ; and as con- 
Bistiao' of two pans, we find it also in the plur., 
Auct Her. J Suet. II. An arterif,Cic. 

ARTHRiTfCUfl, a. um (apflpmKos). Gouty, 
afflictedwith the go itt or podagra, Cic. 

ARTHRITIS, iilis,/. (dp^piTis). Distemper in 
the joints, gout {in pare Lat. articularis mor- 
bus), Vitr. 

ARTiCOLaRIS, e (articulus). I. Belonging 
to the jo int. 1, articular, a. morbus, tke gout, 

articular disiaee, Plin.; Suet. II. A Gramm. t. 

t. ; Of the nature of an article, a. pronotnen, 
i. e. hie, iste. Priac. 

ARTlCtJLATIM, adv. (articulatus). Limb by 
limb, joint by joint, piecemeal. \. Prop.: 

membra (pueri) a. dividit, old Poet in Cic. 

II. Fig. Of speech: Articulately, clearly, dis- 
tinctly, Cic. 

ARTiCOLATiO, onis, /. (articulo). A Botan. i. 

t. I. A putting forth fresh knots, Plin. 

II. A defect in oine-shoots, Plin.' 

ARTfCCLO, 1 V. a. (articnlua ; prop., to joint, 
divideinto joints; hence, jig.) Tn pronounce dis- 
tinctly, to articulate, a. voces, Lucr. 

ARTiCtJLoSUS, a, um (articulus). Full of 
joints. I. Prop. Of plants: Knotty, full of 

knots, a. radix. Plin. II, Fig. Of speech: 

Full of members, dismembered, i. e. full of 
minute dieifiions and subdiaisions. Quint. 

ARTtCOLUS, i, m. dim. (artus). A small 
member several parts of the body, A joint 
of trees or plants, a knot. I. Prop. A) nodi cor- 
porum, qui vocantur articuli, Plin. ; hominis digiti 
articulos habent lernos, pollex binos, Id. ; (alces) 
crura sine nodis articulieque habent, Ca;s. ; articu- 
lorumdolores, a/)am in t/te joints, pain of the gout, 
Cic; Cels. Poet.: raacies auxerat articulos, i.e. 
had made visible several of the joints, Ov. Of plants: 
tamqaam ad articulos sarmentorum, Cic. ; ante 
quam seges in articulum eat, gets joints, articulo- 
tions, or knots. Col.' — ^) Melon. 1) Of mountains: 
artlcuH montium, the hil Is joining several mount- 
ains, Plin. 2) Gen. far artus: A limb, member 
of the human body, Lucr. Hence also for a finger. 
Prop. Prov. : moili articulo tractate alqm,^f7i(/?/, 
tenderly, Q.uint. 3) Of space: A point, etationes 
(siderum) in mediia latitudinum articulis, Plin. 

li. Fig-: A division, part, member. A) 

1) Of lipeech : continuatio verbnrum articulis dia- 
tincta, Cic. 9) Esp. in Gramm. : An article, 

Quint. B) Of time: A point of time, moment, 

in ipso a. temporis, dt the critical moment, in the very 

moment, Cic. ; in articulo rerum, Curt. C) Of 

other things: A step, degree, point, per eosdem 
articulos, degrees of dignity, Suet. 

ARTiPfeX, icis (ars, facio), adj. and suhst. I. 
Adj.: Skillful, ingenious, in an active or passive 
sense. A) Act.: Skilled, skillful, experienced, 
clever in any thing, miles decoUandi a.. Suet.; a. 
Baltationis, Id.; pnr homines talis negotii artifices 
itinera explorat, Sail. Of things : artitex, ut ita 
dicam, stilus, Cic. — B) Pass.: Made with art or 
skill, artificial, i7i^e7iio7(s, quatuor artifices 
vivida sigua bovps, Prop.; a. argutiae, Phn. Poet. 

Of horses : Well-trained, Ov. II. Subst. 

comm. : An artist, artificer, master; a fe- 


male artist or mistress. A) Prop.: reponen* 
darum (tegularum) a., arrhitr.ct, Liv.; multi a. ex 
Grtecia venerunt. Id.; GraBci dicendi aititices et 
doctores, rhetoricians, Cic. ; quum contra talem ar- 
tificem (Horteiisium) dictunis essem, of an orator. 

Id. B) Melon.: A master, creator, maker, 

framer, author, si puleher est hie mundus, si 
probus ejus a., architect, creator, Cic. ; crudele arti- 
licis scelus, author, Virg. 

ARTiFiCIaLIS. eCartiticium). Belonging to 
art, artificial, according to the rules of 
art {for which we find in Cicero artirtciosus), Quint. 
Subst., artificiaha, ium, w., Things correct as 
to the rules of art, Quint. 

ARTiFICioSE, adv. With art, artificially, 
according to rules of art, ilia a. digesta, Cic. 
Superl.. Auct. Her. 

ARTiFiCioSUS, a, um (artiticium). I. Skill- 
ful, iiigenions, in an act. or pans, sense. A) 
Act. : rhetores clegantissimi Htque a.. Cic. ; ignis a. 
est natura, Id- li) Pass. : Artificial, ingeni- 
ous, utrasque (venaj et arteriai) vim quandam in- 
ci'edibiiem artificiosi operis divinique teataiitur, 

Cic. II. Meton. In opposition to that which is 

natural: Artificial, factttio us, ea genera di- 
: vinaudi a. dicuntur, Cio. 

I ATiFiCrUM, ii, n. (tirtifex). I. EmploymeiLt 
I in tke exercise of an art or profession, a 
I trade requiring art, an o cc up at in n, trade, 
\ prof ess ion, employment, art, ne opifices qui- 
I dem tueri sua a. possent, Cic. ; in artiticio perquiim 

I tenui et levi. Id. [I. Meton. A) A collection 

j of rules relating to an art or science {conf. An3 
I II., A), a theory, system, non esse eloquentiam 
I ex artificio, sed a. ex eloquentia nntum, Cic. ; a. 

I memoriae, the art of memory, mnemonic^. B) In a 

subjective sense: Dexterity, skill, cleverness, 
knowledge, art, artifice, in a bad or good 
Sense, trick, stratagem (com/. Aks II., C), simu- 
lacrum Dianas sineulari artificio perfectum, Cic. ; 
opus est non solum lugenio, verum etiam a. quo- 
dam singular!, Id. 

ARTO or ARCTO, \v. a. (artus). I. To draw 
close, keep or hold close together, vitia con- 
tineri debet vimine, non artari, to be bound, Plin. 

II. Fig. : To narrow, shorten, I im i t, 

curtail, in preemiis, in honoribus omnia artata, 
curtailed. Liv. 

ARTOCReAS, atis, «. (dpTOKpeag). A meat- 
pic, Pers. 

ARTOLXGiNUS, i, m. (aproKdyavov). A bread- 
cake; some say, a pancake or fritter, Cic. ; 
ARTOPTA, SB, m. (dpTOTrnj?)- I- ^ baker, Juv. 

II. A vessel used in baking, a bread-pan, 


ARTOPTICiUS, a, um (artopLa). A. panis, 
bread baked in an artopta, Plin. 

ARTOTR5GUS. i, m. (apros, rpioyui, one who 
gnaws at bread). The name of a parasite, in Plautua. 
ARTUS or ARCTUS, a, um (*APn, aprvui, ara, 
artus; prap., joined, united in close connection; 
hence) Na rrow, straight, tight, close, and 
the like. I. Prop. A) artfbribus apud populum Ro- 
manum laqueis tenebitur, Cic. ; artiores silvte, 
thicker, Cais. ; a. theatrum, small, Hor. ; a. toga, 
tight, without folds, Id. In the n. sJibst., artum, 
Narrowness, a narrow space, miiltiplicatis in 
arto ordinibus, Liv. ; quinquaginta volumina dc an* 


imnlibua coHecta in artum, reduced, abridged, Plin. 
— B) Melon.: Fast, dose, ine artior quam so- 
lebat somnus complexus est, a deep or profound 
sleep, Cic. ; artisainiffi tenebrai, a very thick dark- 
ness, Suet. II. Fig. A) Close, artior colliga- 

tio estsocietatispropinquorum, Cic B) Scanty, 

sparing, straitened, hard, a. commeatus, 
small, scanty, Liv. ; Tac. ; thns, a. res, necessitous, dis- 
iressfd, Ov. ; Tac. ; artior spea aquit; manantis. Col. 

ARTU.S, uura, pi. m. [a second form, artua, ti., 
Plaut.] (aptti, apTvio, ap6poi/). I. A) A commis- 
sure by which several parts of the body are connect- 
ed, a j i H t, moUes artus, Cic. — B) Melon. 1) 
Limbs, omnibus artubus contremisco, Cic; do- 
lor artuum, Id. 2) Of pla?us : Branches, ten- 
drils, Plin. II. Fig. {muscular power or 

strength in the joints ; hence in gen.) Streng th, 
artus sapientiatj, Q. Cic. 

aROLA, aj, / d'm. (ara). I. A little altar, 

ante hosce deos erant arulte, Cic. II. IVith the 

Campaiiians, A heap of earth round an elm-tree, 

XRUNDiNaCkUS (bar.), a, um (arundo). Like 
a reed, a. foliura, Plin. 

aRUNDiNeTUM (har.), i, n. (arundo). A bed 
of reeds or canes, Cat.; Plin. 

aRUNDiNeUS, a, um (arundo). I. Of or be- 
long in g to reeds or canes, a. silva, Virg. 

Poet.: a. CAvmen, a pastoral song. II. Like a 

reed. Plin. 

-SRUNDiNoSUS (har.), a, um (arundo). Full 
of reeds or caries,. Cat. 

ARUNDO, inis, /. (Sanscr. und, "to fiow," so 
that ai'-undon=; ad undam crescens). I. A reed 
or cane [thinner and taller than canna], Cat; 

Plin.; Ov. U. Mcian. A) Any thing made 

of reed or cane; a Jishing-rod,Ov. Poet.: mod- 
erator arundinis, i. e. an angler, Jishcrman , Ov. ; a 
limed twig fur catching birds, Hor. ; Rlnrt. : the shaft 
of an arrow, Ov. Poet. : an an-ow itself, Ov. ; Virg. ; 
a pen, Mtirt. ; Pers. ; tristis a., a gloomy, severe style, 
Mnrt. ; a reed-pipe, consisting of several tubts joined 
hy means oficaz, Ov. ; Virg. ; a loeaver's comb, Ov. ; 

a stick, cajie. Prop. B hi Surgery : A splint for 

holding togtther injured parts of the body. Suet. 

ARUNS, ntis, m. A runs {Donaldson's T'arro- 
nianus, p. 71), an Etruscan name of younger sons, 
as the elder were called Lar or Lars. 7'hus, 1. The 
brother of Lurumo (Tarquin. Priscus), Liv. 2. 2'he 
younger son of Targiiinius Si'perbns, Liv. 3. A son 
of Porsenua. Liv. 4. An Etruscan soothsayer, Luc 

ARUSPEX. See Haruspex. 

ARVaLIS, e (arvum). Of or belonging to 
arable land or com land; hence, Fratres Ar- 
vales, a college of twelve pritsts, who sacrijicrd every 
year to the rural Lares, for the increase of the fruits 
of the fields. Varr. 

ARVERNI, orum, m. Arverni, a people of 
Gallia Agnitavica, in thepresent Auvergne, Cms. 

ARVERNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to the 
Arverni, Arvernian, Plin. 

ARVINA. 03,/. I. A) Grease, fat, lard, Virg. 
ir. Arvlna. a surname of the Dictator A. Cor- 
nelius Coflsus, Liv. 

ARVUM, i, 72. {sc. solum). L Arabic land, 
corn land, a sown field, a field, pratn et a., 
Cic. ; Numidui pabulo pecoris raagis quam arvo 

fitu.dent, agricullui-e, SiiW. H. Melon.: Fields, 

meadows, a country, Ov.: Hor.; a. Neptuiiia 
9!> ' 


i, e. the sea, Virg. ; a. genitale, for partes genita^ 

ARVUS, a, um (aruus,/rom arc, to plough). Be- 
longing to or fit for ploughing, arabU, 
agri arvi, Cic. ; a. ager, Varr. 

ARX, arcis, /. (arceo). A castle, fortresA 
citadel, the Capitol in Rome. I, Prop. A) Ta- 
rento amiseo. arcem tamen Livius retinuit, Cic- 

a. RomauH, Liv.; a. Capitolina, Id. B) Fig.: a. 

bulwark, defence, protection, castle, rtf- 
uge, harfc urbs (Roma) a. omnium gentium, Cic.' 

Africa, a. omnium provinciarum, Id. JI, j^g. 

ton.: An elevated place, an eminence,^tli- 
vation, height, peak, top. A) Pmp.-. fcummfi 
locum eibi legit in arce, on the highest pan, Ov. • 
Parnasi consntit arce, Id. ; Roma septem sibi muro 
circumdedit arces, Virg. ; the higfitst part ofktaven, 
Ov. ; heaven, Virg. ; Hor. ; a. sacrae, i. e. a temple m 
an eminence, Hor. B) Fig.: Height, pitch, pin- 
nacle, summai laudum arces, Sil.; celsa mentis 
ab arce, Stat. ; Ciceronem arcem tenentem eio- 
queutiai, Qumt. 

Ari, aasis, m. {the Tarentin e a-;, f mm which al^z=elA 
The whole' as unity. L Gen. : her tB ex mae, sok 
heir. Quint. ; auferre hiTeditatem ex asse, entirtlv, 
the whole inheritance. Dig. Adv. : ex aase, or in 
assem, in all, entirely. Dig. II. Esp. : A stand- 
ard measure for weight, the unit. A) As coin: 
The unit, the as. divided into 12 xxjic\^, original, 
ly a pound of copper, afterward continually decreas- 
ing in weight, quod si commiouas, vilem redigatur 
ad assem, Hor. ; viatica ad assem perdere, to iht 
last farthing. Id.; rumores unias a.«si8 ffistiinare, 
i. e. not to value at a farthing, to disdain, Catull, 

B) As weight: A pound, Ov. C) Asamea,i- 

are of length. 1) A foot. Col. 2) A juger of 
land. Col.; Plin. 

aSIRoTUM, i, n. (io-apajToi-). A floor inlaid 
with mosaic- jc or k, Stat. 

ASBKSTlNUM, i, n. {sc. linum) (do-jSe'trrivoy). 
Incomb u stible lin en-cloth, Plin. 

ASBESTOS, i, m. {sc. lapis) (ao-jSecrros, incombus- 
tible). A kind of stone, probably amianthuB. 

ASBfiLL'S, i, m. (do-/3oAos, soot). Asbolus, a 
black, shagsy hound of Actisnn, Ov. 

ASCaLaBoTES, 33, m. (atrKoAa^tinjy). A kind 
of lizard, calUd. also, stelho, Plin. 

ASCALiPHUS, i, m. ('Ao-KoAai^os). Ascala- 
phus, the son of Acheron and Orpkne, who UtU 
Pluto that Proserpine had eaten some grains of a 
pomegranate in the infrual region, and was in re. 
vtnge changed into an owl (bubo), Ov. 

ASCaLO, onie, /. {'Aa-Ka.\wv). A scalon. oneof 
the rhirf cities of the Philisiiues, on the coast of Pales- 
tine, between .-izutns and Gaza, now Askalau, Mel.; 

ASCaLoNiUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Ascnlon, Ascalonian, A. cw^9, the shalut, Cq\. 

ASCaNiUS, ii, m. ("Atr/fai'io?)- AsRanins,a 
son of JEneas and Creusa, founder of Alba Longa, 
Liv.; Virg. 

ASCENDENS (adsc), entis. I. Part, o/ascendo. 

II. A) Adj. : a. machina, a climbivg-madms, 

a storming or scaling ladder, Vitr. B) In Lm: 

5u&5r, aecendeutes. Kindred of the ascend- 
ing line, parents, grand parents, great- s ran d-pnr- 
cuts {opp. descendentcs. children, grand-cliildrta, 
gnai-grnud children). Dig. 

ASCENDO, udi, uBum,3 r. n. and a. (ad, acandoj. 


To get up to a thivg, mount up, climb, as- 
cend j commrmly louk in, ad, or an ace. I. Prop. ; 
lex peregrinuin vetiit in murum a., Cic. ; a. in 
equuni. id.; a. in coelum, Id. With ad: a. ad Gi- 
tanas, Epiri oppidum, Lu'. With ace. : qui prirni 
murum nscendissent, Cees. ; T. Labienurasumrauni 
jugum montis a. jubet, Id. ; a. equum, Liv. Hmce, 
also, passively .- si mons erat aecendendus, Caea. ; 
ascenso siraul curru. Suet. Ahsol. .- ex locia supe- 

rioribuB suos ascetidentes protegebant, Caas. 

II. Fig.: qui in aummum locum civitfttis non po- 
tuerunt a., Cic. ; aacendit in tantum honorem elo- 
quentin, Id. With, ad: a. ad honores, Id. iVith 
acti. : ex honoribus continuis familitu unum gradum 
dlgnitiitis a.. Id. 

ASCENSIO, onis,/ (ascendo). An ascent. I. 

Prop., Plaut. ; Vitr. II. Fig.: A rising, 

soaring, flight, quorum (oratorum) quefi I'ue- 
rit a., Cic. 

ASCENSUS (adsc). a, Um, part, o/ascondo. 

ASCENSUS us, m. (ascendo). An ascending, 
ascent, climbing. 1. A) Prop.: primes pro- 
hil>ere ascensu coeperunt, Ctea.; hosti aacensum 
difficilem prtebere, Liv. In theplur.: hostea par- 
tiin scalis asceneus tentfmt. Id. Of stars: a. side- 
rum, the rising on our hemisphere, Plin. B) Melon. 

concr.: The way by which one nscendn, an ascent, 
rise, access, ipse in oppidum noluit ascendere, 
quod erat difficili ascensu atque arduo, Cic. ; aedea 
tribunal habent et aacensum, an ascent, stair-case. 
Vitr. II. A) Fig. : ad honoris amplioris gra- 
dum is primus a. esto, on'snt^, Cic. B) Concr.: A 

step, degree, in virtute multi sunt asceneus, Cic. 

ASCIA, EB, f. {akin to Sanscr. ac, Greek a^-CvTj, 
trx-C^bi). I. An a%e, hatchet, hoe, Cic; Plin.; 
Pall. II. Melon.: A trowel.Vitr. 

ASCiBURGiUM, ii, n, Asciburg ium, an an- 
cient place, on the left bank of the Rhine, now A s- 
hurg, near Miirs, Tac. 

ASCIO, are, v. a. (aacia). I. To chip, hew. or 

polish with the axe, Vitr. II. I'o stir 

with a trowel, Vitr. 

A-SCfO, ivi, 4 V. a. (ad, scio). To take to one' s 
self, receive any o?/,e in order to unite with him, a. 
Bocios, Virg. ; asciri in societatem Germanos, Tac. ; 
a. alqm inter comites, Id. 

ASCISCO (adsc), scivi, scitum, 3 v. a. (ad, scis- 
co). To take, receive, admit, bring in, fetch 
a person or thing to one's self, for any thing {esp. by 
way of alliance, in any capacity, as aiiy thing). I. 
Prop.: nemo, quem non ad hoc aceleria fcedus as- 
civerit, Cic. ; a, voluntarios ad spem prajdie, Liv. ; 
plurimos cujusque generis homines ascivisse diei- 
tur. Sail. ; a. alqm patronum, Cic. With in : asciti 

simul in civitatem et patres, Liv, II. Fig- : 

To fetch, receive., take, appropriate to one's 
self, adapt. A) oiw. ; a. Grrecis ascita, Cic; a. 
peregrines ritus, Liv. — B) Esp. 1) To receive 
any thing with approbation, to approve of, adopt, 
be pleased with, si id aecivissent socii populi ac 
Latini, Cic. 2) a. sibi alqd, to lay claim to any thing 
for one's self, to arrogate, a, uni sibi eloquentias lau- 
dem, Tac. 3) nscitus. Of speech (qu. farfetched, 
opp. to that which is natural) : Strange, unnat- 
ural, affected, nativum quendam leporem, non 
ascitum. Nop. 

ASCiTUS, a, um, part, o/aacio and ascisco 

ASCiTUS, ufl, m. (ascisco). A receiving, re- 
ceipt, Cic. 


ASCITIS, a, um (ao-Ktoy). Having no skadoWf 
a. luca, countries under the line, equinoctial comi' 
tries, Plin. 

ASCLePIXDES, eb, m. ('AcrK\T)irm5T]s). Ascle- 
piades. 1. A phyaiciait of Prusa in Blthynia, Cic. 
2. A blind Eretrian philosopher, Cic. li. A Greek 
poet, the inventor of the metrum Asclepiadeum, 

ASCLePIXDeUS, a, um. Of or belonging 
to the poet Asclepiades, A. metrum, the metre 
invented by him, Diom. 

ASCoNIUS, ii, m. Asconius. Q. A. Pedianus, 
a Roman gt^ammarian, born at Pntavinm {Padua) 
aboJtt B.C. 2. He nrrote, among other things, a com- 
mentary on the spee.ches of Cicero, of which portions 
still remain. 

ASCRA, Ee,/. ("Ao-Kpa). A sera, a town, of Bas- 
otia on Mount Helicon, the birthplace of Hcsind, Ov. 

ASCRjEUS, a, um ('Ao-Kpatos). I. A scree an, A. 
nemus. Prop. Subst., Ascreeua, i, m., Hesiod, Ov. 

II. Of Hesiod, A. carmen, i. e. rural, Virg, 

IIL Heliconian, A. fontea. Prop. 

A-SCRlBO, psi, ptum, 3 v. a. (ad, scribo). To 
write in addition, to addin writing. I. Prop. 
A) Gen. : in altera epistola diem non ascribis, do 
not add the datp, Cic. ; Terentia salutem tibi pluri- 

mam nscribit, adds her very kind regards. Id. B) 

Esp.: To write down, enter, enroll, regis- 
ter any one for anything, colonos Venusiam ascrip- 

seruiii, Liv. II. Fig. A) To add to, write, 

number, or reckon among, ad hoc genus aecri- 
bamus etiam narrationes apologorum, Cic. ; a. alqm 
in talem numerum, Id. ; unus A. Gabinius belli ma- 
ritimi On. Pompeio socius aacribitur, is added. Id. ; 

a. alqm ordinibua deorum, to enroll. Id. B) To 

ascribe, attribute, impute, hoc incommodum 
Scipioni ascribendum videtur, Cic. 

ASCRIPIIO, onis, /. (aacrilio). An addition 
in writing, Cic. 

ASCRIPTiTIUS, a, um (ascribo). Entered 
in a list, enrolled, admitted, naturalized, 
Romulum aliosque complures, quos quasi a, cives 
in ccelum receptos putant, Cic ; a. servj, slaves 
bound to the land, who were transferred with the es- 
tate to every new master. Dig. 

ASCRIPTlVUS, a, um (ascribo"^. Supernu- 
merary, superadded ; subst., of soldiers, Plaut. 

ASCRIPTOR, oris, m. (ascribo). HeMoho approves 
of any thing by his signature, a subscriber, a. le- 
gis aprariiB. Cic. 

ASCRIPTUS, a, um. part, of ascribo. 

ASCCLaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Asculam, A seulanian, A. triumpbus, Plin. 
Subst., Asculani, orum, m., Inhabitants of As- 
cultim. Cic. 

ASCtJLUM, i, n. Asculnm, the chief town of 
Picenum, now Ascoli, Cic; Caea.; Plin. 

ASDRUBAL. See Hasdrubal. 

XSELLA, a;,/, rfm. (aaina). A little she-ass, 

aSELLUS, i, m. dim. (aainus). 1. A little or 
young ass, a. onustua auro, Cic; as a constella- 
tion. Plin. II, Melon. A) A sea-fish, perhaps a 

codfish or haddock, Plin. — B) Asellus, a Ro- 
maai surname, Cic, 

ASIA, EB,/. CAcrta). Asia. L One of the three 
great divisions of the ancient world. 2. Asia Minor, 
the peninsula on the extreme west of Asia, now Ana- 
doli. 3. The Roman province of Asia, inclvding 


the districts of Mijsia, Lydia, Caria, and Phrygia. 
4, The district watered by the River Cayster, in the 
western part of Asia Minor. 

ASIaNE, adv. After the manner of the 
Asiatics, A. loqui, Like the Asiatic rhetoricians^ 

ASSaNUS, a, um ('Ao-tavos). Of or belong- 
ing to i/ip. province of Asia, Asiatic. A. res, Liv. 
Siibsi., Asiani, The inhabitants of the prov- 
ince, Cic. In RJictor.: Asiani, Oriental rhet- 
oricians, Quint. 

ASIaTICUS, a, um (Asia). Asiatic, A. bellutn, 
Cic. ; A. persica, a fruit from Asia, a kind of peach, 
Plin. Also absoL: Asiatica. Col. ; A. genu3 dicen- 
di, a florid Oriental style, Cic. Siibst., Asiaticus, i, 
771., A surname of L. Cornelius Scipio, Liv. 

jtSiLUS, i,m. A gad-fly, horse-fly, Virg. 

aSiNA, fcfcs,/. I. A she-ass, Varr. ; Plin. — ■ — 
II. A sin a, a Roman surname; as, Cn. Scipio A., 

iSINjEUS, a, um (Asine). Of or belonging 
to Asine, A. sinus, Plin. 

JtSiNAlilUS, a, um (asinus). Of or belong- 
ing to an ass, a. mola, Cat. Snbst., Asinarius, 
ii, m.. An ass-driver, Cat. Asinaria, 33,/., 2%e 
title of a comedy of Plautus. 

XSiNE, es, /. ('Ao-lVtj). Asine. 1. A totcn of 
Messenia. 2. A town of Laconia. 3. A town in Ar- 
golis, Plin. 

ASINlNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to an 
ass, a. stercus, Varr.; a. pullus, a young ass, Id. 
Meton. : a. pruna, a kind ofbadplutns, Plin. 

iSiNIUS, a, um. Asinins, a Roman fomihj 
vame ; the most celebrated of this name was A. Pollio, 
a friend of Augustus, founder nf the first library in 
Rome. Cic. 

iSt'NUS, i, m. ( probably from an early Greek form, 
ooTos for oco?. Compare Icel. asni). An ass, 
Cic; Plin. Melon.: A dull, stupid persoii, 
an ass, quid nunc te, asine, literas doceam? Cic. 
Hence the Fr. a n e. 

ASIA, idis,/, _poeK. /or Asia. Asia, Ov. 

ASIUS, a, um (Asia). Of or belonging to 
the district of Asia, on the Cdysttr (Asia, 4), A. pa- 
lus, a marshy country on the Cayster, Virg. 

aSoPiADES, ffi, 771. ('AtrtoTTtaSTjs). The grand- 
son of Asopus, i. e. JEacus, Ov. 

ASCITIS, idis, /. CAo-iOTric). Asopis. I. The 
daughter of Asopus, M^ina, mother of Macus by 

Jupiter, Ov. II. His daughter Evadne, Ov. 

HI. The island Enbcea, Plin. IV. Adj.: 

Poet, for Bmotian, Stat. 

A.SdPUS, i, m. ('Ao-a>jj-6s). A sopus. 1. A river 
in Peloponnesus, flowing through tlie Sicyonian ter- 
ritory into the Corinthian Gulf. 2. A river of Bx- 
otia, represented also as the father of Mgina and 
Etmdne. Ov. 3. A river of Tkessaly, Liv. 4. A rircr 
nf Phrysia, Plin. 

XSo'rUS, i, 77i. (do-wTos). A debauchee, prod- 
igal, dissolute person, Cic. 

ASPIUXGUS, i, m. (dirn-apayos). I. Aspara- 
gus, Cat.; Plin. II. Melon.: A sprout in 

the shape of asparagus, of other plants, Plm. 

ASPaSTA, !b, /, ('Atnraa-t'a). Aspasia. 1. -J 
celebrated female, a native of Miletus, and connected 
tciik the history of Pericles. 2. The mistress of the 
younger Ci/rns, Just. 

ASPECTaBILIS, g (aspocto). Vigible, that 
may be see?}, Cic. 


ASPECTO, 1 v.freg. a. (aspioio). L To look at 
or upon any one with attention, respect, desire, or 

the like, quid me aspectas? Cic. II. Melon. 

A) With an inanimate uhj.: To attend to, ob- 
serve, omnes exuta gequalitate, juasa principiaa, 

Tac. B) Of locality: To look toward, adver- 

easque a. desuper arces, Virg. ; mare, quod Hiber- 
niam insulam aspectat, Tac. 

ASPECTUS (adsp.), a, um, part, o/aspicio, 

ASPECTUS, us, 771. (aspicio). I. Active: A looh 

ing toward or at, a look at or loicard a thing, 

glance. A) Prop.: primo a. inanimum quiddam 

se patat cernere, Cic. ; urbs situ est prajclaro ad 

aspectum. Id. B) Meton. concr.: The faculty 

or sense of seeing, sight, ccelura ita aptum 
est, ut sub aspectum at tactum cadat, Cic; qua 
aspectu percipiuntur, Id. ; amittere omnino aspec- 
tum, to lose one's sight, to grow blind. Id . 

II. Passive: A being visible, appearance. 

A) Prop. : a. siderum, i. e. tJte rising, Plin.- — B) Me- 
ton. : The manner of appearance, appear- 
ance, external look, aspect, pomorum jacun- 
dus non gustatua solum, eed odoratus et a., Cic; 
horridiore sunt in pugoa aspettu, Cjbs. ; cjirbun- 
culi aspectus nigrioris, aspect, color, Plin. 

AS-PELLO (abspello), ere, v. a. To drive 
awoT/, Plaut Merc. Fig.: a. metura, (o dme diot^, 
remove, banish, Plaut. 

ASPENDOS or -US. i, /. ('Acnrei'Sos)- Aspe%. 
dus, a town of Pamphylia, now ManaugaL,iM. 

ASPER, era, einim [contr., aepra. Enn. ; aapris, 
Virg.] {old form asperus; compare Greek atrmpos). 
Rough, iineven, hard [opp. levis and leniaj. 
I. Prop. : loca a., Ctes- ; jugum a., Id. ; eollis a.. Id.; 
solum a., Liv. ; mare a., agitated by storms, tempest, 
nous, Liv. ; numus a., not yet worn, new, Suet. Po- 
et. : pocula aspera signis, rough with figures ia bass- 
relief, Virg. Of sound: Rough, harsh, pronun- 
ciationis genus a., Cic. ; litera a., i. e. the leUer R, 
Ov. ; compositio pratfracta et a., uneven, ntgged. 
Sen. Of smell : Strong, herba odoris asperi, 
Plin. Offiavor: Rough, harsh, sharp, tart,B&- 
por a. maris, Plin. Absol. : asperum, i, n.. Rough- 
ness, unevenness, per aspera et devia, rougli, 

rugged places, Tac. II. Fig. A) In manners, 

behavior, specclt, Slc. : Rude, harsh-, austert, 
coarse, sharp, bomo a., Cic; homines a. et mon- 
tani, Ca^s. ; aaper cladibus, strongly or rekementl^ 
exasperated, Ov. Of animals: anguis a. siti, irriio- 
ted.V'irg.; tigris a., Hor. Of things: asperioribua 
facetiis perstringere alqm, sharp, biting, Cic. — 

B) Of circumstances : Hard, unpleasant, «n- 
fortunate, adverse, critical, in pericQliB et 
a. temporibiis, Cic. ; dubite atque a. res. Sail. 

ASPER, eri, tj*. Asper, a Romnn surname; at, 
Ti'ebonius A, a severe tribune of the people, Liv.; 
Sulpiciiig Asper, a centurion iimdcr Nero, Tac. 

ASPkRE, adv. (asper). Roughly, harshly, 
severely, rudely, sharply {fig.), M. Cato a. 
apud populum est locutus, Cic. ; nimis a. tractarc 
alqm. Id. 

ASPERGO, si, sum, 3 w. a. (nd, spargo). To 
sprinkle to, at, or on; to besprinkle any 
thing with. I. a. alqd (alcui rei). To sprinkle, 
scatter, strew any thing. Sec, to, at, or on. 
A) Prop. : aspersa tomere pigmenta, dashedon, Cic; 
liquor aspersus oculis, Plin. ; a. glandem bubus, w 

sliake down. Id B) Fig.: To add, join, annex, 

affir. subjoin, quum clarissimo viro nonnullBrD 

Inudatione tua labeculam aspergns, Cic. ; a. salea 

huic generi orationie, Id. 11. a. alqm or alqd 

alqa re, to beeprinkle, bespatter a person or tldng 
with. A) Prop. : ne aram sanguine aspergeret, Cic. ; 

itnbre lutoque aspersus, Hor. B) Fig. 1) To 

atain, spot, sully, dishonor, hunc tu vitte 
splendorem maculia aspergla istis? Cic; a. alqm 
lingua, to asperse, Auct. Her. 2) Generally: To 
fi L I, a. anres gemitu, Val. Max. ; auditiunciila qua- 
dam aspersua, i. e. informed, Gell. 

ASP£RGO, inis, / (aspergo). A) A sprink- 
ling, splashing, Ov,; a. parietum, the oozing, or 

dripping, of walls, Plin. B) Melon, con cr. : Drops 

sprinkled {rain, blood), Virg. 

ASPeRITAS, atis,/. (asper). Roughness, un- 
evenness, hardness. I. Prop.: saxorum as- 
peritutes, Cic; a. viarara, Id.; a. locorum, tiall.; 
Liv. ; a. lingutt;, Plin.; a. animai, hoarseness. Id.; n. 
iiiernis, rawness, severity, Tac ; vasa anaglypta in 
HsperlEatemque exciaa, with figures in bass-relief, 

Plin. ; a. soni, harshness, shrillness, Tac- 11. 

Fig. A) Of behavior, speech: Rudeness, coarse- 
ness, austerity, roughness, sharpness, a. 
agrestis et inconcinna gravisque, Hor. ; asperitati^ 
St invidiam corrector, Id. — B) Of circumstances ; 
Hardness, difficulty, adversity, in his as- 
peritatibns rerura, Cic. ; a. belli, Sail. 

ASPERNaTiO, onis, /. (aspernor). A con- 
temning, neglect, Cic; Sen. 

ASPEXiNOR, 1 V. dep. a. (ad, spernor). To re- 
ject with disdain, to disdain, contemn, de- 
spise, take no notice of, nemo bonus, qui vos 
non anitno aspernetur, Cic ; a. regis liberalitatem, 
Id. ; a. dolqrera, ut malum, Id. With inf. : validis- 
aimum quemque mnitia9 dare aspernabantur, re- 
fused, Tac l7i a passive seiise: qui eat pauper, aa- 
pernatur, is held in contempt, Cic. 

ASPERO, 1 V. a. (asper). To make rough, 
■uneven, sharp. I. Prop.: asserculi asperantur, 
Col. ; apes asperantur ac raaceacunt, become roiigh, 
Varr. ; glacialis hiems aquilonibua a. undaa, renders 
rough or boisterous, agitates, Virg. ; a. sagittas, to 

sharpen, whet, Tac. II. Fig. : To render 

more acute, aggravate, arouse, a. crimina, 
to aggravate, heighten, Tac; a. iram victoris, Id. 

ASPERSiO, onia, /. (aspergo). A besprink- 
ling, aspersio aqute, Cic. ; num Veneris Cote pul- 
chrltudinem effingi posae aspersione fortiiita putas ? 
a besprinkling of colors. Id. 

ASPERSUS (adap.), a, um, part, o/aspergo. 

ASPERSU3 (adap.), us, m. (fomid only in the 
abl.). A besprinkling, a. calidae aqute, Plin. 

ASPHALTlTES, eb, ra. ('Ao-</>aATt-n)s, also A. la- 
cua, 'Ao-^oXtitis \ifj.vTf). The Dead Sea, in Ju- 
dcea. Plin. 

ASPHODSLUS, i, m. (itr-^dSeAos). The daffo- 
dil, Plin. 

A-SPICIO, exi, ectum, 3 v. a. and n. (ad, specio). 
I. To look to or at a thing. A) Prop. 1) aspi- 
cite ipsum, Cic ; a. Roeiotiam atque Eubceam, to 
take a view of, Liv.; a. opus admirablle, Ov. ; lu- 
cem a., to see the light, i. e. to live, Cic. 2) Of 
•places: To look to or toward any direction, i. be situate or look toward, tabulatum a. 

meridiem. Col. II. Inchoative: To get a 

sight of, perceive, respexit, et equum alacrem 
laetus aspexit, Cic. ; aspicit banc viaaraque vocat, 

ASPiRaTIO, 6niB,/.(ad,flpiro). I. A) A blow- 

ing or breathing to or toward, animantea as- 
piratione aeris sustinentur, Cic. — B) Fig. ; a nu- 
minia, Ihefaoor, Amm. ll.Esp. A) Evapora- 
tion, qua) omnia Hunt aapiratione terrarum, Cic 
B) III Gramm. 1) A breathing or aspira- 
tion, vocali a.., Cic. 2) Melon.: The letter Hit- 
self Prise 

A-SPiRO, 1 u. n. and a. (ad, apiro). I. Neut. : To 
blow, breathe, exhale. Sec, to or toward. A) 
1) Prop, a) ad qua? (granai'ia) nulla aura aspiret, 
Varr. ; pulmones ae contrahunt aspirantea, exhaling, 
Cic. ; aspirant aurte in noctem, rise toward night, 
Virg. b) In Gramm : To add the h- sound to 
any thing, to aspirate, Grtet;! a. aolent, Quint. 
3) Fig.: To blow or breathe famrahly upon, 
to favor, assist, di, coeptia aspirate meis, Ov. ,- 
aspirat fortuna labori, Virg. — B) 1) Meton.: To 
approach any one, qu. by breathing toward hl?n, 
i. e. desiring, longing for him, to draw near any 
one ; with ad, in, or absol. : onmea aditus tuoa inter- 
cluai, ut ad me a. non poases, Cic. ; tu ad eum num- 
quam aapirasti, Id.; a. in cui-iam, Id.; a. in cam- 
pum. Id. 2) Fig. : ad earn laudem, quam voluraus, 
a. noa possunt, to approach, arrive at, attain to, Cic ; 
bellica laude a. ad Africanura nemo potest, to come 

up to, Id. O. Act. A) To blow any thing to 

or upon. 1) Prop.: Juno ventoa aspirat ennti, 
blows favorable winds upon him, Virg. 2) Fig. : 
a divinura amorem dictis, Virg. 

A3PIS, idis, /, (aorirt's). A viper, adder, aspide 
ad corpus admota, Cic. ; ace. plur., aspidaa, Id. 

ASPORTaTIO, onii,/. (asporto). A carrying 
away, aignorum a., Cic. 

AS-PORTO, I'w. a. (aba, porto). To carry away 
or off, hoc (simulacrum) asportandumque curavit, 
Cic ; a. res regum vehiculis, Liv. 

ASPReTUM, i, n. (aaper). A rough place, 
with crags, bushes, brambles, &c, ad hasc saxa erant, 
et temere jacentia, ut fit, In aapretia, Liv. 

A-SPUO, ere, v. a. (ad, spuo). To spit at, dor- 
miens infans a nutrice aspuitur, Plin. 

ASSiRiCUS, i, m. ('Ao-trapcucoy). Assaracus, 
a king of Troy, son of Tros, father of Capys, grand- 
father of Anchlses, Ov. ; Asaaraci nurus, i. e. Venus, 
Id. J Aasaraci frater, Ganymede, a constellation 
{Aquarius), Id. ; Asaaraci gena, the Romans, Virg. 

ASSkCLA or AS3S;C0LA (ada.), i«, comm. (aase- 
quor). An attendant, servant ; it is generally 
applied by way of conlempt, apar a site, folio wer^ 
pauci asaentatorea atque a. aubaequuntur, Cic. 

ASSECTaTI'O, onis, /. (aasector). I. An at- 
tendance of clients, friends, Slc, upon superior of- 
ficers of the state, banc in nostris petitionibus ope- 
ram atque asaectationem, Cic. U. Observa- 
tion, coeli a., Plin. 

ASSECTaTOR, oris, m. (agsector). I. An at- 
tendant (in a good sense ; assecla, on the contrary, 
mostly in a bad sense), qiiidam vetus a. ex numero 

amicorum, Cic II. Melon.: A follower, 

disciple, a. sapientiiB, Plin. ; a. eloquentia?, Id, 

AS-SECTOR, 1 V. dep. a. (ad, sector). To ac- 
c mp a n y,^ tten d one, lobe of ami's s u i t e, fo l- 
low, quum ifidilitatem P. Craseus peteret, eumqua 
major natu, etiam consularia, Ser. Galba asaectare- 
tur, Cic. 

ASSENSiO, onis,/. (aasentior). I. Assent, ap 
probatio n, dum lego, assentior: quum posui 11- 
brum, a. onuxia ilia elabitur, Cic. In the plur. 
causa acta quibus assensionibus univcrsl ordinisj 



Cic. II. Esp. in philosophical style: The 

habit of giving credit to sensible appearances, 

ASSJENSOR. orie, m. (assentior). He who as- 
sents or approves, quotidie commemorabam, te 
unum ill tarito exercitu mihi fuisse a., Cic. 

AS3ENSUS, a, uui, part. 0/ assentior. 

ASSENSUS. lis, m. (assentior). I. Assent, coii- 
sent, approbation, assensu omnium dicere, Cic. 

I;Ltheplur..Ov.: Tac. II. Esp. A) A Philos. 

t. t.: An attaching oj credit to sensible ap- 
pearances, Cic. B) Poet.: An echo, Virg, 

ASSENTaTiO, onis, /. (assentor). I. A flat- 
tering assent, flattery, nullam in amicitiis 
pestem esse majurem quani a., Cic. ; assentatione 

callida capi, Id. II. Gen. in a good sense: As- 

sent, approbation, Veil. 

ASSENTlTiUNCCLA, aa,/ (assentatio). A lit- 
tle flattery, non vereor ne a. quadam aucupari 
tuam gi-atiam videar, Cic. 

ASSENTaTOR, oris, m. (assentor). A flatter- 
er, semper auget a. id, cujus ad voluntatem loqui- 
tur, vult esse inngnum, Cic. ; perniciosi a., Id. 

ASSENTaToRiE, adv. ( assentator ). In a 
flattering or adulatory manner, after the 
manner of flatter ers, dubitare te, non a., sed 
frateme veto, Cic. 

ASSENTaTRIX, icis,/. (assentator). A female 
flatterer, Plaut. 

ASSENTIO. See the following article. 

ASSENTIOR, sensus (ad, sentior), 4 v. dep., rare- 
ly in the act. fo^m ASSENTIO, si, sum, 4 v. n. To 
assent to, adopt one' s opinio 7i, to join any 
one in opinion, agree with one, approve, give 
assent to, of animate and inanimate abjects ; with, 
dat. or absol. I. In the depon.form: quum SEbpis- 
sime tibi senatus maxirais sit de rebus assensus, 
Cic. Absol.: sapientem, si assensurus esseti etiam 
opinaturum, Cic. With a gen. ohj. : non habeo 

quid tibi assentiar, Cic. 11. In the act. form: 

ut ejus semper voluntatibus non modo ei%'es assen- 
serint, Cic. ; Philippus assensit Lentulo, Id. In the 
passive: sapiens multa sequitur probabilia, neque 
compreheusa neque percepta neque assensa, grant- 
ed, assented to as true, Cic Impers. : Bibulo assen- 
eum est Cic. 

ASSENTOR, 1 r. intr. (assentior). To agree 
with 07ie in every thing, to be precisely of one' s 
way of thill king, to flatter, (callidus adula- 
tor) etiam adversando sfepe asseritatur, Cic. ; be- 
nevolentiam civium assentando colligere turpe est, 

ASSeQUOR, ciitiis (quutus), 3 v. dep. a. (ad, se- 
quor). I. To follow, run after any one any 

where, ne sequere, assequere, Plaut. ap. Varr. 

II. Miton. : To follow, to reach a person or 
thing, come up with, overtake. A) Prop.: si 
es Roma^.jamrae a. non potes; sin es in via, quum 
eris me aasecutus, coram agemus, Cic. ; Pisonem 
nuncius assequitur, excesaisse Germanicum, Tac. 
Absol. : in Bruttios raptim, ne Gracchus asseque- 
tur, concessit. Liv. ; nondum aasecutE^parte suo- 
rum, not yet arrived, Tac. — B) Fig. 1) Qen. : To 
get, attain to, obtain a thing, eosdem sumus 
honorum gradue, quos illi, assecuti, Cic. ; a. ira- 
mortalitHtem, Id.; a. laudem. Id. 2) Esp. a) To 
get at by the understanding, i.e. to compre- 
hend, jerceive, understan d, ut essent, qui 
^ngit:ntiont3m n. posspnt, Cic. ; nihil eonim a. potu- 


erit,Id. b) To get at any thing as to its gtuUitia, 
to come up to, be equal with, benevolentiam 
tuam erga me imitabor, merita non assequar, Cic,; 
a. ingenium alcjs alqa ex parte, Plin. E. 

ASSER, eris, m. (akin to assis, and Germ. Ast) 
A pole, stake, pale, asseres pedum XII. in ten 
ra defigebantur, Csfis. ; a pole of a lectica or sedaji' 
chair. Suet. ; a lath, Vitr. 

ASSERCOLUS, i, m. [Asserculum, i, n., Cat] 
(asser). A little beam or pole, a small poU 
or pale. Col. 

ASSeRO, evi, itura, 3 v. a. (ad, sero). To saw, 
plant, or set at or near, Cat. ; Hor. 

ASSeRO (ads.), eriii, ertum, 3 v. a. (ad, sero). 
I. {Prop, to join ; hence, to take to one's self; and 
thus) In Law : a. alqm (manu, in libertatem), to 
free, liberate one (by laying hands upon him); and 
a. alqm in servitutem, to declare, assert one as oii^a 
own slave ; continuo tu illam a lenone asserito manu, 
Plaut. ; qui, quoscuraque libuisset, in libertatem 
asserebant. Suet. ; ut virginem in servitntem aeee- 
reret, Liv. II. Meton. gen. A) To free or res- 
cue from, protect, dcfen d from or against, 
habe ante ocqIos mortalitatem, a qua a. te hoc imo 
munimento potes, Plin. ; a. se ab injuria obliTioniaj- 
Id.; post assertam a Manlio, restitutam a Camillo 

urbem, Flor. B) To attribute, ascribe, ap-, 

propriate a thing to a person, nee laudes aaaere 
nostras, do not attribute to yourself, Ov. : assere me 
ccelo, ascribe me to the skies, declare me to be of ce- 
lestial origin. Id. ; Felicis sibi cognomen asseruitL, 
Sulla, gave himself, assumed, Plin. ; a. se studiis, to 

devote one's self to, Id. C) Gen.: To maintain, 

affirm, assert, decZore, non vacat a., quffifiux- 
eris : quum vix prodest et verum faten, Anct 
Decl. Quint. 

ASSERTiO, onis./. (assero). A legal affirm- 
ation that any one is a freeman or slave, Quint.; 

ASSERTOR (ads.), oris, m. (assero). I. A) He 
who restores one to his former state offreedomiik 
deliverer, Suet; Sen. B) Meton. gen.: A de- 
liver er, def en der, protector^ Ov. ; Suet ; 

Macr. II. He who lays claim to oneashis 

slave, a. puellaa, Liv 

AS-SERViO, ire, v. n. (ad, eervio). To serve, 
second, toto corpore atque omnibus ungulis, ut 
dicitur, contentioni vocis asserviunt promote bt- 
sides, Cic. 

AS-SERVO, 1 V. a. (ad, servo). To take cart 
of, watch over, observe, imperat, dum res ju- 
dicetur, hominem ut asservent Cic. ; a, alqm in 
carcerem, Liv. ; acerrinae asservari, to be watted 
or observed very closely. 

ASSESSiO, onis,/. (assideo). A sitting near 
one (in order to comfort him), quae tua fuerit a., ora- 
tio, confirmatio animi mei fracti ? Cic. 

ASSESSOR, oris, m. (aesideo). I. An assess- 
or, assistant, Lacedasmonii regibus suis au^* 

rem a. dederunti Cic. II. In Law: A coadjVi' 

tor ofajndge, an assessor. Suet 

ASSE3SUS, a, um, ^ar(. 0/ assideo. 

ASSESSUS, us, m. (assideo). A sitting near 
one. Prop. 

ASSE VfRANTER, adv. (assevero). Very earn^ 
cstly, energetically, severely, loqui cum alqo 
valde a., Cic. 

ASSkVkRaTIO, onis, /. (r^severo). I. A) A 
finlemn f>r earnest asRcrtiotj. a ssfverotisn. 


orani tibi nascveratione nfflrmo, Cic. — B) E»p. in 
Gramm. : A word uf asseveration, an assev- 
erating- interjection {for instance, heu), Quint. 

II. Firmness, strictnessy multti n. co- 

ffuntur patres, Tac, ; accuaatio aseeveratione ea- 
dern peracta, Id. 

AS-S£VeR,0, 1 V. a. (ad, aeverus). I. To act 
in any tking with earnestness, to carry on 
athing earnestly, qusB est ista defensio? utrum 
nflSfiverntur in hoc ? is dealt or proceeded with earn- 
estly here ? Cic. ; viri severitatem asacverantes, as- 
suming the appearance nf gravity, Tac. ■ — 11. Esp. 
of speech: Earnestly or firmly to assert or 
assure, pulchre asseverat, se ab Oppianico desti- 
tutum, Cic; unum illud firmissirae asaeverabat, Id. 
With an inanimate object: To show, prove, as- 
aevcrant mngni artus Germanicam originem, Tac. 

AS-3lBiLO, are (ad, sibilo). To hiss, whistle, 
whisper at a thing, Stat. ; Claud. 

ASSICCO, are, v. a. (ad, sicco). To dry up. Col. 

AS-SiDeO, 86di, seasum, 2 v. n. and a. (ad, ae- 
deo). l.Neut.: To sit at or near. A) 1) Gen.: 
intelligens dicendi exiatimator non assidens et at- 
tente audiens, aed uno aspectu et prBeteriens de or- 
atore sajpe judical, Cic. 2) Fig. poet, : To be 
near one, \. e. ta be like, resemble one, parens 

nimiuraque severus a. insano, Hor. B) Esp. 1) 

a) To sit or stand by one, helping, nursing, ad- 
vising, &c., to lend aid, assist, nurse, take 
care of, &c., morte propoaita quum lacrimaos in 
carcere mater noctes dieaque assideret, Cic. ; si 
alius casus lecto te affixit, habes qui nssideat, &.c., 
Hor. ; in tribunal! a., to assist or attend in court as 
an assessor, Tac. b) Fig. : a. gubernaculis. to guide 
the helm (of state), Plin. ; a. literia, to attend to liter- 
ary pursuits very earnestly. Id. 2) To lie before 
a place as an eyiemy (conf. II.), Gracchus assidens 

tantunn Casilino, Liv. ; a. moenibus, Virg: II. 

Act.: To encamp near a place in a hostile man- 
ner, to blockade, besiege ii, a. muros, Virg. ; a. 
castellum, Tac. Passive : Amisum assideri audie- 
bat, Sail. 

AS-SlOO, sedi, 3 v. u. a?id a. (ad, sido). To 
seat one's self any where, to sit down, seat 
one's self, assidamus, si videtur, Cic; a. super 
aapidem, Id. Of a speaker who sits down after he 
has finished kis speecfi : peroravit aliquando, aase* 
dit ; surrexi ego, Cic. With ace. : Hiempsal dex- 
ti'a Adherbalem assedit, sat down on the right hand 
of A., Sail. 

ASSIEDOE, adv. (assiduus). Perpetually, con- 
tinually, constantly, voces, quas audio a., Cic. 
Superl. : assiduissime mecum fuit Dionysius Mag- 
nes, Cic. 

ASSIDOiTAS, atis,/. (assiduus). The constant 
presence of friends, clients, physicians, &c , a 
constant or frequent attendance, and the like. 1. 
A) Prop.: quotidiana amicorum a., Q. Cic; a. me- 
dic!, a continual attendance. Id. ; aasiduitatein prse- 
bere alcui, constantly to attend, accompany one, to 
be always about or with one. Id. B) Gen. : A con- 
stant presence. Suet. II. Meton. Of time: 

Continuance, duration, permanent or un- 
interrupted state, constancy, frequency, 
frequent occurrence, and the like, a. molestia- 
rum, Cic. ; a. dicendi aluit audaciam. Id. ; a. bello- 
nim. Id. ; a. epistolarum, an uninterrupted corre- 
spondence, Id. Without ^en. : talis in remp. nos- 
tram a., vnrpmittinr appheation, assiduity, Cic. ■ 


ASSSfDtJO, arfy. (assiduus). Perpetually, con- 
stantly, Plaut. ; FUn. 

ASSlDi5US, i, m. (as, do). 1. One liable to 
be taxed or to taxation, a rate-payer, quum 
locuplctes assiduos appellassetab a:re durido, Cic; 

aasiduo vindex a. esto, XII. Tab. op. Gell. II. 

Mtton. A) A rich or wealthy person, Plaut. 

B) Adj.: That is of J all value, fir st rate, 

classic, classicus a. que aliquis scriptor, non pro- 
letarius. Gel!. 

ASSlDOUS, a, um (assidco). That is con- 
stantly anywhere. \. Prop.: quum hie filiua a. in 
prttjdiis eoset, Cic ; fuit a. mecum prastore me. Id. 

II. Of time: Contin ua I, perpetual, mi- 

ivterr upted, constant, permanent, liagitn- 
tor non ille quidera molestus, sed a. tamen et acer, 
constant, Cic. ; homines labore a. assueti, Id. 

ASSIGNaTIO, 6nis,/. (assigno). An appoint- 
ment, allotment, agrorum a., Cic. latheplur.: 
novas a. instituit, Id. 

ASSIGNO (ads.), 1 v. a. (ad, signo). I. To as- 
sign, allot, appoint a thing to any one. A) 
Prop. : duo millia jugerum Clodio rhetori asaignas- 
ti, Cic. ; a. agros militibus, Id. ; natura avibus ces- 
ium assignavit, Plin.; quibus deportanda Romam 
Regina Juno aesignata erat, had been assigned, given 

over, Liv. B) Fig. 1) To attribute, ascribe, 

impu t e a thing to any one as a crime or fault, rare- 
ly as a merit, nee vero id homini sed tempori assig- 
nandum putavit, Cic ; haec si minus apta videntur 
huic sermoni, Attico assigna, qui, Si.c., Id. As a 
merit : Cypri devictas nulii assignanda gloria est. 
Veil. ; sua fortia facta gloris principis a., Tac 2) 
To consign, give over, bonos juvenes a. famaa, 
i. e. to make known, Plin,; peeon, cui clausulam as- 
signant, assign, give. Quint ; a. verbum auditori, 

to impre.<is upon, Id. U. To affix a mark to, 

to seal, a. tabellas, Pers. 

AS-StLIO, silui, sultum, 3 v. n. (ad, salio). To 
leap to, toward, or itpon. I. Prop.: a. moeni- 
bus, Ov. Poet. Of water: To dash or flow 
against, wash, Ov.; Stat II. Fig., in speak- 
ing : To come or leap suddenly to a subject, 
nam nequc assiliendum statim est ad aliud genus 
orationis, Cic 

ASSIMILATIO, onis, /. (assirailo). A resem- 
bling, being like, likeness, similarity, Plin. 

AS-SiMiLIS, e (ad, gimilis). Like, in pulmoni 
bus inest raritas quaedam et assimilis epongiia mol- 
litudo, Cic. ; capillus a. aeri, Suet Poet, with gen., 
Ov. ; hoc a. est quasi, that is just as if, Plaut 

ASSlMiLITER, fl(iw. (assimilis). In like man- 
ner, similarly, Plaut 

AS-SiMiLO, 1 V. a. (assimilis). To make like, 
represent as like, compare, a. deosin huraani 
oris speciem, Tac ; a. convivia freto. to compare, Ov. 

ASSIMOLITiO, finis,/, (assimulo). A dissem- 
bling, counterfeiting, a pretended or fic- 
titious approaching of the speaker uto the opin- 
ion of the hearers, Auct. Her. 

ASSiMOLaTUS, a, um. I. Part, of assiraulo. 
II. Prep. : Im itated for the sake of appear- 
ance, feigned, counterfeit, pr et ended, tn\i\.- 
toa fortes viros specie quadam virtutia a. tenebat, 
feigned virtue, Cic. ; a. familiaritas, false, feigned 
friendship. Id. 

AS-SXMtJLO, 1 V. a. (ad, simulo). To feign, 
pretend, counterfeit, a. anum, Ov. ; hyaenaB a, 
sermonem humanum. Plio. 



ASSI3, ia, and also AXTS, is, m, and/, (akin to 
OBser). A board, plank, Cajs.; Plin. 

A.-^-SISTO, ashti, 3 o. n. (ad, si^to). To place 
one^a s e If any where, to stand, post one' s self. 
I. Prop. : eervis suis, ut ad lores aasisterent, irape- 
rat, Cic. ; ut contra omnes hostium copias in ponte 
unus (Codes) aesisteret, posted himsdf, Id. ; a. con- 
eulum Inbunalibus, to present one's self at, to appear 

at, Tac. II. A) Melon, (as a finished action) : To 

stand any where, stand in its place, ita jacere ta- 
lum, ut rectus assistKt, stand vpright there, Cic- — 
B) Fig.: To stand by, assist, assistebant Va- 
reno, IMin. 

ASBITfJS, a, um, part, of assero. 

ASSlUS, a, um. Of or 'belonging' to the town 
A s s a s in Troas, opposite Lesbos ; A. lapis, a kind of 
limestone, PHn. 

ASSO, are, v. a. (Sansc. u s, to burn). To roast, 
broil, Apic. 

AS-SD(^iO, It), a. (ad, Gocio). To add to, join, 
unite, Claud. Poet.: a. passus, to go with one, 

AS-S5LeO, ere, v. n. (ad, soleo). To be used 
or wont, to be in the habit of; impers. usually 
in the third pers. sing. : quum multa assoleat Veri- 
tas prwbero vestigia eui, Liv. ; most freq. : ut asso- 
let, as is the custtrm, according to the habitual or 
usual course, as usual, prima classis vocatur, renun- 
ciatur; deinde, ut a., suttragia, Cic. 

AS-SONO (ads.), are, v. n. and a. (ad, sono). To 
assent by sounding, to respond by sound, Ov. 

AS-SDDASSO, ere, v. intr. (from ando; conf. ca- 
pesso, from capio). To sweat vehemently, 

AS-StiDESCO, ere, v. inch. (sudo). To begin 
to sweat, Varr. 

ASSOe-FACIO, feci, factum, 3 v. a. (assuetus, 
facio). To accustom, inure one to a thing; 
commonly with abl. or inf. ; less freq. with dai. or ad : 
pure sermone assuefactam domiim, Cic. ; scelerum 
exercitatione assuefactus. Id. ; arma quibus me as- 
suefeccram, Id. With inf. : equos eodem remanere 
vestigio assuefaciunt. Caes. Withdat.: a. alqmope- 
ri, Liv. : corvua assuefactus sermoni, Plin. 

AS-SUF.SCO, evi. etum, 3 v. n. and a. (ad, eues- 
co). I. Neiit. : To accustom or use one' s self 
to; in the perf, to have accustomed one's 
self to, to be accustome^d, be in the habit; 
commonly with an abl. or inf. ; less freq. with ad, in, 
or a dat. : homines labore assiduo et quotidiano as- 
sueti, Cic. ; genus piignse, quo assuerant, Liv. With 
inf.: nd fluctum aiunt declamare solitum Demos- 
thenem, utfremitum assuesceret voce vincere, Cic. 
With ad: uri a. nd homines ne parvuliquidem pos- 
sunt. Cses. Wiik in : jam inde a puero in omnia 
familiaria jura Hpsuetus, Liv. With dat. : mensa^ 
assuetus herili, Virg. With ace. : nc tanta nnimis 
nssuescite bella, Virg. With gen.: Romanis Gailici 
tumiiltua acsuetis, Liv. Absol. : sic assuevi, I am 

accustomed, Cic. IL Act.: To accustom one 

to, a. mentem pluribus, Hor. ; a. Armenios in hoc 
Borvitutia ffpnus, Flor. 

ASSOeTODO, inis, /. (assuetus). L A being 
accustomed to any thing, custom, habit, Liv. ; 

Tac; Ov. IL Esp.; Sexual intercourse, 


ASSUeTUS, a, um. I, Part, of assueeco. 

IL Adj., passive : Accustomed, customary, as- 
auotam ribi cnusain su.scipit. Veil. ; nee nisi aaauo- 


to9 potant fontea, Plin.; longius aeaueto, furthff 
than common, Ov. 

ASSOLA, m, f. dim. (assis). L A chip, shav- 
ing, a thin piece of wood or stone, and the liki, 
Plin. ; Vitr. ; facere assulae foribua, to break the door 

in pieces, Plaut IL Meton.: A shingle, hi- 

bacul. ap. Suet. Gramm. 

A3SuLATlM,arfv. (assula). In chips orpieetg, 

ASStJLoSE, adv. (aesula). In chips, sHpa/or 
pieces, a. frangitur calamua, Plin. 

ASSULTIM.fMfo. (asflilio). By leaps or bounit, 
a. injrredi, Plin. 

ASSULTO (ads.), 1 v. intr. (assilio). L To leap 
at, leap or jump to or upon with vrhemena or 
impetuosity, cania asaultans contraque belluam'u- 

surgena, Plin. II. Esp.: To approach at 

full gallop; act., to assail, attack, rush 
upon, illi telis assultantes, hi conferto gradu, Tac. 
Impers. : tertia vigilia assultatum est caatris, Jd. 

ASSULTU3, ufl, m. (Hssilio). A leaping to- 
ward or upon, an assault, attack, in tkeplar,, 
Virg.; Tac. 

Ari-SUM or ADSUM. afl'ui (adf.), adesse, v. n, (ad, 
sum). To be at or near, be any where, bi 
present, be there. I. A) 1) Prop.: ut mane ad 
portam adessent, Cic. ; nihil accipiam injuria, si tu 
' aderis. Id. ; a. in collegio, Id. For which with dot.: 
I a. aenatui, Tac. ; a. eonvivio, SueL ; a. pugnae, Liv ; 
' a. scribendo, to be present as a witness, to be wiinest 
to, Cic. 2) Esp.: To be present wiih kelp or as- 
sistance, to assist, help; with dat.: omncB hi, 
quos videtia adesse in hac causa, Cic; egotuisre. 
bus adero, Id. ; dictator intercession! adero, Liv. — 
, B) Meton. 1) To approach, rome near, hies 
j Africa jam affuturi videntur, Cic. ; quum hostes 
! adessent, were near, Liv. 2) To appear, makt 
I one's appearance m court, Verrem altera cau- 

tione non ad judicium afl'uturum, Cic. IL 

Fig. : a. anirao and animis, to be present wiUi atttn- 
I tion, interest, courage, to give attention, observe, to bt 
I fearless, adestote omnes animia, qui adestis corpor- 
I ibus, Cic. ; vigilare, a. animo, Id. 
I AS SuMO, msi, mtum, 3 v. a. (ad, sumo). To 
I take to one's self, choose, accept. I. Prop. 
A) Gen.: numquam committet, ut id. quod alteri 
; detraxerit. sibi assumat Cic. ; sociua et administer 
I omnium consiliorum asaumitur Scaunis, Sail.; b, 
■ alqm fitium, to adopt ; thus, Plin. ; a. alqm in laiQi- 

, liam nomenque, Tac. B) Esp.: To take inai- 

dit'ion, to add to, to join, ne qui (aocii) postffl 
assumerentur, Liv.; Butram tibi Septiciumque as- 

sLimam. Hor. II. Fig. A) Gen.: L. Scipio 

(Asiaticus) laudem siM ex Asia3 nomine asaiirasit, 
Cic; neque mihi quicquam assumsi neque bodie 
assumo, I have assumed or arrogated. Id. — B) Zfp. 
1) To take i?i addition, to assume, Bi ^m 
nliara quoque artera sibi assumserit Id. 2) h 
Logic: To add the minor to a syllogism, Cic. 
3) lu Gramm.: verba assumta. a) Adjeetivti, 
epithets. Cic. b) Figurative expressions, 
troprs. Quint. 
! ASSUMTIO.onis,/ (assumo). L Acceptanr.t, 

approbation. Cic. II. Esp. in Logic: Tkt 

minor in a syllo^isrn, Cic, 
1 ASSUMTiVUSy a. um (assumtus). In La^' 
Taking in addition, ass7imptivc, a. causa, 
7Cihich has its defence from eriernal circKisstrtacp.", Cic. 
A.S9UMTUH, a, um. parL o/^ assumo. 


AS-SUO, ere, v. a. (ad, suo). To aew on, patch 
on, a. pannum, Hor. 

AS-riURGO, surrexi, surrectum, 3 v. n. (ad, sur- 
ge). To rise up, get up, at any thing. I. Prop. 
A) GeJi. .* ff. ex morbo, Liv. Of things : pBulo la- 
tior patescit campus, inde colles Hssur^unt, rise, Id. ; 

Dulod a. Cyntho monte, Plin. B) Efp. 1) a. (al- 

cul), To rise vp to any one. oat ofrnspect, an quia- 
quam in curiam venicnti (isaurrexit ? Cic. [mpirs. : 
ut raajoribua natu aaeurgaiur, Id. Fuel. : To con- 
cede superiority tti, to yield to. Virg. 2) To 
rise, take rise, spring, spring up, grow, be- 
gin to exis^ Cumures uriuntur, deiiidti dtisinunt, 
^deinde rursua assurgunt, Gels. ; turres a., Virg. 

[I. Fig.: To rixe, quert-lis baud juat'is as- 

eurgis. you rise, break out in complaints. Virg, ; a. in 
ultioufin, Flor. ; raro nssurgit Heaiodus, riseBj is 
tublimp., writes in a lofty style. Quint. 

AririUri, B, um (A'a«»cr/i us. to burn). I. Roast- 
ed, rvs eadtita magis alit jurulcnta quam a., magia 

a. quam I'rixa, Gels, II. Maton.: Dry, mere, 

simple, a. eudatio, without balking, Cel^^. : assum 
{sc. balneum), a sweating-room, Cic. ; also as a subst., 
asijuin, i. n.. Roast meat, a roast; a. sol.a bask- 
ing in ikesun without a previous anointing, Cic. ; a. 
femina, a tJry./mrt^e (,opp. nutrix), Juv. ; a. tapides, 
rungk, intwrought, Virg, ; a. tibiie, accompanied by 
no voire. Id. 

AririVRiA, ffl,/. ('Affo-upta), Assyria, a conn- 
try of Asia, between Mediae Mesopotamia, and Baby- 
lonia, now K urdistan, Plin. 

ASSyKIUS, a, um ( 'Atravptos)- I. Of or he- 
longing to Assyria, Aasyrian, Virj;. Subst., 

Asayrii, orum, m.. The Assyrians, Cic. 

11. Meton..for Oriev tnl. Median, Pkauician, 
Indian, and the like, A. venenum, Tyria/i purple, 
Sil. ; A. staguum, the Lake of Gcneanrelh, in Palti' 
tine. Just. ; A. ebur, Indian, Ov. ; A. mains, i. e. 
Aledica, the lemon-tree, Plia, 

AST, conj. See At. 

ASTA, va.f. ('Acrra). Asta. \. A townofLigu- 
ria, now Asli, Plin. 2. A town of Hiitpania Btetica, 
Tiear, Mel. 

ASTABORAS, w, m. ("AffTa^opaO- Astahoras, 
a riner if /Ethiopi/i, now the Atharah or Tacaz- 
ze. and which unites with the Aatapus, nr Bakr-el- 
Azak {Blue Nile) to form the River Nile, Pliii. 

ASTiCUS, i, m. (aoToKo?). A kind of crab or 
lobster, Plin, 

ASTXCUS. i,«l. ('Aoraicoff)- Astacns, thefather 
of Menaiippus, who is hence railed Astacides, Ov, 

AriTXCUri or -OS, i, /. CAotokos). Aatacus, 
a city of Bithynia, on the Sinus Asiacevus, Mel. 

AriTXPA, m, f. Astapa, a town of Hispania 
Batica, Liv. 

ASTAPUS, i, m. ('AoraTrovs). See Astaboras. 

ASTARTE, ea.f. ("AoTapTTj). Astarte, a god- 
dess of the Syrians and Phmit dans. Cic. 

ASTENSIS, e. Of or belonging to Asta, 
in. Hispanin, A. afier. Liv, Subst., Astenees, m.. 
The inhabitants of Asta, Hirt 

ASTkRJA, tts. or -E, ea,/. ('AoTept'ij). Asteria. 
1. Dansihter of Polns and PJuehe, Gic. ; Hyg. 2, 
Danghter of Cccns the Titan, who, to avoid Jupiter, 
took ihe form of a qnail, and threw herself into the 
sen, Ov. : Hya:. ; tJie Island of Delos. which rose on 
th* sfoi, wag hence called Asteria, Plin, 

ASTfeRISCUS, i, m. (aorepwrKos). An aster- 
isk; a Mtar, as a ^pograpkzciU mark, Gramm. 


A-STERNO. 6re, v. a. (ad, stemo). To pros- 
trate; Mid., to lay one'' s self down at full 
length, Ov. 

AriTlGUS, a, um (ao-Tiwd?). Of a city, a. iudi, 

, game'i Celebrated in the city in honor of Bncchns, 8uet. 

I ASTiPCLaTiO, onis. /. (a-*tipulor). I. An af- 
firmation of the same thing, assent, Plin 

II. A mo dn } ating of aiL nrafor'a voice, according 
to the. nature, of the subjici. Quint. 

I ASTIPO L aTOR. oris. m. (arftipulor). I. In Law ; 
He who joins another in a stipulation. Gat 

Jnst. II. A) lu Law: A legal assistant, 

testes tot cum a. tuo eomparabuntur? Gic. 

B) Melon.: An approver, illud t'al-um esse, et 
Stoici dicunt et eorum a. Antiochus, Cic. 

A-STIPCLOR, Iv.dep. (ad, stipulor). I. In Law: 
To join in a stipulntiou, Gai. Inst. 

1 II. Mfton.: To assent, agree with, a, irato con- 
sul i, Liv, 

, ASTiTUO, 6re, v. a. (ad, atatuo). To plnce 
any where, reum ad lectum (legroti) astituemus, 
Auct Her. 

I A-STO (ad, sto). stiti, without a supine, 1 b, «, 
(ad, sto). To stand near, at, or by. 1. A)Prop.: 
qui astat in conspectu meo genur, Cic; a. in cam- 
pis, Tac. ; a. supra caput, Virg. With dai.: a. tri- 
bunali, 1'ac. With ace. : occursantiura populu.i te 
astat, Plin.; squamis aetantibus, standing upright, 

Virg B) Eap. 1) To be still iu ezisiencc or 

remaining, s afe, aetante ope harhtiricn, Enn. ap, 

I Cic. 2) To assist. Pbiut. II. Fig.: certa 

quidem finis vitw mortalibus astat, awaits. Lucr. 

ASTR^A, te, / ('AoTpata). Astrtsa, the god- 
dess of justice, who lived on earth in the Golden Age, 

' Ov. A>t a constellation. Libra, Luc. 

I ASTRjEUri, i. »n. ('AoTpaZos). Astraus, a Ti- 
tan, husband of Aurora, father of the winds, which 

• are hence called Astrjui fratres, Ov. 

I ASTRXGaLUS. i, m. {a.aT(ia.ya.\o<i, knuckle, ankle.- 

\ bone). I. //( Archil.: A wave or wreath about a 
cnlmnii,an ogee. V\X.t.; ii.hesUinn. as')Tt nfmoul.d' 
ing, Id. II. A leguminous plant, milk-vetch, 


ASTRfePO. ere, v. n. and a. (ad, strepo). 1. To 
■snake a voise at or to a thing, astreptbat vul- 
jrus diversis incitnmentis, Tac, With acr. : a. eui'- 

dns principis aures irritis precibus, Tac. 

II. Esp.: a. alcui, to shout applause, Tac. 

ASTRICTE. arf». (astrictus). Cloxely. brief- 
ly. Of I'jteech: oralionem iion a, numcTosam efse 
opoi'tfTt^, Cic.; a. scribere, Plin. 

ASTRIGTIO (adstr.), onis./. (astringo). A pow- 
er of con trading or binding, herbaa guetus 
amari cum afltrictione, Plin. 

ASTRlCToRIUS, a, um (astringo). Bindings 
astrin gent, h, vis folioruin, Plin. 

ASTRICTUS. a. um. I. Part. «f astringo. 

II. Adj.: Drawn in, contracted, straitened, 
narrow. A) Prop.: limen a., shut, Ov, ; alvus 
astrlctior, confined, enstive, Gels.; guetua »., harsh, 
tart, Plin. ; non astricto socco, a dangling, i. e. 
careless, style, Hor. E) Fig. I) Saving, penu- 

\rion8, niggardly, a, pater. Prop. 2) Of speech: 

i Concise, not diffuse, short, a, eloquentia, 
Cic,; verborum a. comprehensio. Id. 
ASTRlFER, era, erum (astrum, fero). I. Star- 

\ry, a. axes. Stat. II. Placed among the 

[stars. Mart, 

I A-STKINGO, inxi, Ictum, 3 v. u. (ad, atringo) 



To draw in, draw together, con- 
tract, bind, or fasten to. I. Prop.: quis est 
hie 1 qui ad statmuii aetrititus est, Oic. ; a. t'rontem. 
to bend, knit, tien. ; a. labra, to contract, Quint. ; a, 
alvura, to render coMvi:, to astringe, Gels.; radix 

gustu aetringit, contracts, Plin II. Fig. A) To 

kee.p tight or strict, to bind, make bound, 
oblige, force, pnternimis indulgens quicquidego 
astrinxi, relaxat, in which I was very strict, Cic. ; 
fraus a. perjiirium, hinds, Id. ; vinculum ad astrin- 
gendam fidem, to bind, covfirm, Id.; a. hujus tanti 
officii servitutem, to confirm, make sure, Id. ; religi- 
one astrictum, obliged, hfjund. Id. ; astriutus legibus, 
obliged, bound. Id ; ustringi sacris, to be obliged to 

maintain t/itm, Id. B) Of speick: To con-tract 

i n to a small compa as, to compress, shorten, 
Stoii'i breviter a. solent argumentH, Cic. 

ASTROL^^OGlA, m, f. {affrpoKoyCa). I. A) The 

science of the stars, astronomy, Cic. E) A 

treatise on astronomy, Plin. 

ASTRoLOGUS, i, m. (atrTpoAoyos). I- An as- 
tronomer, Cic. 'II. An astrologer, Enn. 

ap. Cic. ; Juv. 

ASTRONuMiA, 8e, /. (a(TTpoi/o/i.ta). Astrono- 
my, Sen. 

ASTRoN5M*lCUS, a. urn (ao-Tpoi/o/xtKog). As- 
tronomical; hence, Astronomica, orum, m., the 
title of a poem by Manilins. 

ASTRUM, i, 7/. (acj-Tpoi'). I. A star, constel- 

latioii, Cic; Virg. ; Hor. ~II. Metmi. A) For 

Heaven, immortality, sic itur ad nstra, Virg.; 
nostras laudes in astni sustulit, extolled to the skies, 
Cic. ; thus, decidcre ex astris, to Lost^ all one's glory. 
Id. B) For Height, turris educta ad astra, Virg. 

ASTROO, xi, ctum, 3 v. a. (ad, struo). I. To I 
erect ?iear, build in addition, add. Al Prop.: 
quum veteri aetruitur recens aidificium, Col.; a. j 
alqd villaj, Plin. — B) Fig.: To add to, victus ab ■ 
eo PharnaceB vix quicquam gloriffi ejus nstruxit, 
Veil. ; a. alqd dignitati, Plin. ; a. alqd famte, Id. 

• II. A) To furnish, provide a thing with , 

another {commonly mstTuerti). a. contignationem la- , 

terculo, Chj3. B) Fig. : a. alqm falsis criminibus, , 

to cor>er, charge, Curt | 

/^STU, n. bid. (atrru). A city, rsp. Athens (as I 
Urbs for Rome), ut vestri Attici, priusquam Thes- 
eug COS demiijirare ex agris, et in a., quod appella- 
tur, oinnes se cdnferre jussit, Cic. 

A-ST0P£O, ere, v. n. (ad, atupeo). To he as- 
toninhed at, a. divitiis, Sen.; a. sibi, Ov. 

ASTUR, uris, m. Of or helon gin g to the 
province of As tnri a, Astiirian, A. cquus, Mart. 
Siibst.. An Astvriav, Plin.; Flor. 

ASTtJRA, m ('Atr-rvpa). Astura. I. Masc, A 

river of Asturio, Flor. U. Masc, A rivtr, and 

Fern., An inland and town, of Latium, in the neigk- 
horhood of which Cicero had a villa, Cic. ; Liv, 

ASTURCO, onie, m. (Astur). An As tnri an 
horse, a jennet. Auct. Her.; Sen. 

ASTORIA, a;,/. Asturia, a province of His- 
fa/iia Tarraconensis, Plin. 

ASTORiCA, w,/. Astfirica, the chief town of 
Ahtnrin.. vow Astorga, Plin. 

ASTtJlttCUS, a, urn. Of or belonging to 
Astnria. Astnrian, A. gens, Plin. ; Sil. 

A.'^TUS, fl«, in. (nstu; prop, dexterity, adroitiiess, 
cleveinrs" ; hr.nce, in a bad .tense). Craft, c u n n ing 
[as a single act ; but aatutia, craftiness, as a gaaliiy], 
ille nstu eubit', Virg. ; a. hoatium, Tac. 


ASTOTE, adv. Craftily, cunningly, Cic. 
Compnr., Varr. ; Superl., Gtill. 

ASTuTIA, a;,/, (aetutus). Craftiness, cun- 
ningnesa, knavery, snbtilty, as a giialilyf 
also, in milder sense, wariness, circi/mspeo 
tion, address, aut confidens a. aut callida auda- 
cia, Cic. ht theplur. : aliter leges, aliter philosophi 
tollunt astutiae. 

ASTuTUS, a, um (^prop. clever, adroit; hence., in 
a bad sense). Crafty, cunning, shrewd, wary, 
circumspect, artful, ita fiet, ut tua ista ratio 
existimptur a., Cic. 

ASTyAGES, is, m. CAo-ruayrjs). Astyages, a 
king of Mtdia, father of Mandaue, grandfatlier of 
Cijrns, Just- 

ASTYaNAX, actis. m. CAtrrvava^. Aslyanax, 
1. TIte son of Hector and Andromache, Virg. 2, A 
tragic actor in the time of Cicero, Cic. 

ASllfLOS, i, m. (*A(rTuAos). A stylus, a cen- 
taur and angiir, Ov. 

ASTYPAL.£A, «, /. Astypalaa, one of tlu 
Sporades, Mel. 

ASTi-pXL^ENSES, ium, m. The inhabit- 
ants of Astypalaa, Cic. 

ASItPlLElUS, a, um. Of or belonging ic 
A sty pal ma, Ov. 

ASJLUM, i, n. (auv\ov). A place of refuge, 
asylum, qui (servus) in illud a. confugisset, Cic; 
Romulus a. aperit. Liv. 

ASYMBOLUS. a, um (a,o-u^^oAos). That makes 
no contribution toward a common entertain- 
ment, scot-free, Ter. 

iT (ast chirfly with poets : akin to Smiscr. atha, 
but), conj. serves to connect different, although not 
entirely opposite ideas ; e.sp. used for limiting ideas; 
But. 1. Jh complete antitheses : B ut, oil the other 
hand, on the contrary, fecit idi m Thcmisto- 
cles : at idem Pericles non fecit, Cic ; connected 
with etiani and vero : at etiam sunt, qui dicant, al 
though there are indeed. Id. ; at vero ille teuuis, but 

certainly. Id. II. In partial antnhtsesi But, 

but yet, on the other hand, &c., Cic. A) In 
transitions, esp. when the style is impassioned, una 
Davis cum Nasidianis profugit ... at ex reliquisuna 
prfemisaa Massiliam, Cais. Thus also in entridty: 
at tu pater deum hominuuique, Liv. B) With ob- 
jections : But (one may say, i\ may be objeritd, and 
the like), sunt, quos signa . . . delectant. At sumus, 
inquiunt, civitatis principes, Cic. Connected witk 
enim : quid disputatione iste afierri potest elegen- 
tius ? At enim vereor, re. &.C., but indeed. Id. 

ATaBOLUS, i, m. Sirocco, a burning wind, 
sometimes ftlt in Apulia, Hor. ; Plin. 

aT ACINUS, a, um. Of or belonging to the 
river Atax^ iJi Gallia jYarfiowcnsw"? hencr. Atacini, 
orum, m,. The in habitants of Gallia Nar- 
boncn sis, Mel.; P. Terentius Varro A., a poet of 
that country in the time of Casar, who wrote Argo- 
nautica, Hor. 

aTILANTA, Be, or ATALANTE, es, /. ('Ara- 
Aai'TTj). Atalanta. 1. Daughter of Srhaneus 
king of BtBotia, Ov. 2. Daughter of lasins of Ar- 
cadia ; she took part in hunting the Calydonian boar, 

or helongiuff to At a Ian ta. Stat 

iTXT or A'iTAT, also ATATAT.<E, ATTATA- 
TAT^ or ATATTE. ATATTATE, inletj. {arrarai, 
aTTaTarai). An exclaniation of joy, pain, M(oni#V 


mcn(,/fiar, Sec.: Ah! oh! key! eigh! lot Plntit; 

AT-XVUS, i, m. (ntta, qvub). I. The grandfather 
of a grtai-graiidfather (abavi), afourck grand- 
father (,opp. adnepos), uon avum proavum, a. au- 

ditiras consules fuisse? Uic. U. Muton. geii., 

iifte avus, abaviis: An ancestor, Virg.; Hor. 
' aTAX, acis, m. ('AtoI). Atax, a rieerof Gallia 
Ifnrbnneiisis, now Aude, Plin. 

ATeIUS, a. Ateius, a Roman family name. 
Thus. C Ateius Capito, a tribune of the people in 
699, A.U.C. His sou, of the same name, a celebrated 

aTELLA, te, /. CATeXAa). Atella, a very old 
town of the Osci in Campania, now Aversa, Cic. 

aTELLaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Atella, Atellan, A. municipium, Cic. Subst., 
Atellani, orum, m., The inhabitants of Atella, 
Plin. Very frequently A, fabula, fabella or simplj/ 
Atellana, m,/., a kind of popular farce, Liv. Hence 
AtelUnus, m., An Atellan actor, Cic; and Ate\- 
laniufi. a, um. Of or belonging to the Atel- 
lani, A. verdua, Cic. ; Atellanicus. a, um, Id. ; Suet. 

aTER, tra, trum. I. Black [dead black, without 
gloss {opp. albus) ; but nijjer, shilling black ifipp. 
caudiduB)], Democritus lurainibus ami5sis alba t:t 
atra disceruere non poterat, Cic. ; a. bilis, black bile, 
mclnnrhoiy. Id.; a. noctes, dar/c, Tac, Poet.: lie- 
tores a., dressed in black. Her. Prov. : albus aterve, 

see Albus. II. Fig. A) 1) Of circumstaucts : 

Gloomy, sad, mour7iful, dismal, unfortu- 
nate, a. dies, Virg. ; conf. a. fila trium Bororum, 
Hor.; and Esquilia^ {as a burying-place), Id. 2) 
Esp.: dies a., a day on which any misfortune had 
befallen the state, an unlucky day, si atro die faxit 
irisciens, probe factum esto, Liv. B) In disposi- 
tion : Malevolent, malignant, quern versibus 
oblinat atris, Hor. — C) Dark, obscure, diffi- 
cult to be understood, latebrae Lycophronis a., 

ATERNIU3, a. Aternius, a Roman family 
name. Thus, A. Aternius Fontinalis, a consul A.U.C. 
300, Cic. 

ATERNUM, 1. See the following article. 

ATERNUS, i, m. CA-repvo^). A tern us, a riner 
of Samnium, now Pescara, Plin. ; at its mouth was 
the town called Aternum, i, v., now Pescara, Liv. 

XTESTINUS, a. um. Of or belonging to 
Ateste, Atestav, Mart. 

XTHXCUS, i,/CA0aKO9). Athacus, atownof 
Macedonia, Liv, 

XTHXMaNES, um, m. CA6af/.aves). Athama- 
nea, the inhabitants of Atkamania, Cic; 

XTHaMaNiA. ae,/. (^ABa}t.avia). Athamania, 
a dintrict of Epirus,' near Mount Pindus, Liv. 

XTHXMaNIS, idis, /. A female Athama- 
nian, Ov, ♦ 

ITHXMANTeUS, a, um. Of or belonging 
to Athatnas, Athamantian, Ov. 

XTHXMANTlADES,a^.7re.('Aea/'TtaSi79). The 
son of Athamns, i. e. Palmmnn, Ov. 

XTHIMANTfCUS. a, um ('Aeo/iai'TiKos)- Of 
or belonging to Mount Athamas, in Thessa- 
ly, Plin. 

ATHaMANTIS, idis, /._ CA-Qa^avTis). The 
dauffhter of Athamas, i. e. Helle, Ov. 
■ ATHXMaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Athamania, Athamanianf Prop. 


ATKXMAS, antis, m. CAddfj.a';'). Athamas, son 
of ^ulns, grandson of HdUn, king of Thesxaly, fa- 
ther of H<- Lie and Phrixus by Nepliele, of Mdtcerla 
and Learchas by Ino, the latter uf whom he pursued 
in a fit (if madntss, Ov. ; Cic. 

ATHANaGI A, lb,/, A thanagia, a town of Hie- 
pania 'rarraaiucn^i.t, Liv, 

ATHANArilUS, M, m. ('A^afacrtoB)- Athana- 
sius, an archbishop of Alexandria, iu the time of 
Cunstantiiie, an opponent of the Aria^i». 

XTHkN/E, arum, /. ('A0^i/at). L A) Athens, 

chief town of Auica, Cic. R) Metou. 1) Fur 

Science, Juv. 2) A. novaf, a name of honor for 

Mediolanum, Plin. E. 11. Other towns of La- 

conia, Caria. Eubcea, &c, Varr. ; liiv., &lc. 

ATHiiNjEUM, i, n. (^ ASr,v aiov). Athpiioium. 
I. A fortress of Athamania, Liv. II. Vid, sgq. , 

ATHENiEUS, a, uin CAeTjvalo^). I. Of or be- 
longing to Athens, Athenian, Lucr. II. 

Of or belonging to M Inerva. Hence, subst., 
Athenajum, i. n. ('Afl^vo.i.oi'), A temple sacred to Mi- 
nerca at Athens, where the learned and poets rtad 
theirworks, Lampr.; a similar building for the same 
purpose at Rmne, built by Hadrian, A. Vict. 

XTHeNiENSIS, e. Of or b ela n ging to 
Athens, Athenia n, Nep. Snbst., Athenienses, 
-ium, The inhabitants of Athens, Atheni. 
a n «, Cic. 

ATIIeNIO, onis, m. Athenio, a slnve who took 
the li-ad in the insurrection of slaves in Sicily, in 653 
A.U.C, Cic; contemptuously of lSti\. Claudius, Id. 

ATHEOS (us), i, m. (ofleos). He that denies 
the existence of a God, an atheist, Diagoras, 
a. qui dictus est- Cic 

ATHERIaNUS, a, um. Of or relating to the 
lawyer At her i us, A. jus, Cic. (also written Atteri- 
anus, Aterianua, (i7(rf Haterianus). 

ATHeSIS, is, m. CAra-yi?). A thesis, a river of 
Upper Italy, now Adige or Adego, Plin. 

aTHLeTA, m, m. (dSAijT^?), A wrestler in the 
public games, an athlete, a combatant, prize- 
fighter, Milo quum athletas se in curriculo exer- 
centes videret, Cic 

ATHLETfCE, flrfi?. Athletically, Plnxxt. From 

aTHLeTICUS, a, um (a0A7)Tiieos). Athletic, 
a. victus, Cels. ; a. ars, wrestling, art of wrestling, 

ATHOS, ois. and ATHO (Athon), onis, m. (*Aeais 
a7id''A0(ov). Athos, a mountain of Macedonia on 
the Sinus Strymonicus, opp. to Lnmnos, now Monte 
Santo, Liv. 

XTiLIaNUS, a, um (Atilius). Of or belong- 
ing to Atilius. Atilian, A. praediii, Cic. 

XTlLSUS (Attil.), a. Atilius, a Rovmn family 
name ; for instance, M. A. Regulus, a general in tlie 
frst Punic war, taken prisoner by the Cartliagiuiavs, 
Cic. Adj. : Atilia Lex, by the tribune h. A., A.U.C. 
544. Liv. 

aTiNA, SB./ Atina. I. A town ofLatinm, now 
of the same name, Liv. 2. A town of the Venetian 
territory^ Plin. 

aTiNAS, atis. Of or belonging to Atina, 
A. prwfectura, Cic. Snbst. : in Atinati, in the terri- 
tory of the Atinates, Cic. 

XTlNiUS, a. Atinius, a Roman family name, 
hence, adj. : A. Iftx, Cic. 

ATLANTeUS, a, lira. L Of or belongins' to 
Monnt Atlas ; poet, fur Libyan, A. finis, Hor. 

II. Of or relating to King Atlas, Ov. 

•' 101 


ATLANTtXDES, m. m. A descendant of At- 
las, e. g. Slcrcui-y, a grandson of Atlas. Ov. ; fhrin- 
apknidkiiii, a gicnl-grniidnou of Alias, Id. 

ATLANTlCUd, a, uni. Of ur btlungiiig to 
Muaiii Alias, Libyan, A. mare, t/ie AiLautic 
Octati, Cic. 

ATLANTIS, idis, /. I. A) Of or belongiii g 

to Mo a lit Atlas, A. silva, Luc. B) Sithst.: Tke 

iiamt of severnl islands in lite Atlantic Ocean ; the 
largest (perhaps Amcriiur) is said by Plato to kaoe 
been fwaliowed vp, I'lin. U. Afe.vinle de- 
scendant uf Alias, Atlantidea, tkt Pleiades and 
Hyades, Hyg. 

A'l'LAti, antis, m. ('ATAay). I. Atlas, a high 

mountain nf Mauritania, i'Vm. JL A) A mythic 

king of Mauritania, Cic. B) Poet, for A giant, 


XT5MUS, a, um (aTo^9). I. Undivided, in- 

dioisible, a. Ins, Vhn. IL A) Usiudly, snbst., 

atomus, i, /. (tj arofios), Any small indiBisihlv. body 
or clem en tar ij particle, an atom, monad, illi; (Di*- 
moci'itii-) Htoriios, qiias appellat, censet in iulinito 
inaui terri, Cic. 

ATCiUK or AC (_in classical prose wejiud tfw lat- 
ter cki-Jly bifore consonaius), conj. (ad, qu«). Cim- 
fleets more closely than *>t single wordii or whole 
sentences: And also, and besides, an d even, 
and. 1. Con nectinif single win-ds. A) Gen.: quau 
Bit scientia jitque hts ayriculiirum, Cic. It serves to 
cnnnecL tipo substantives fo as to form an hendiadijs : 
isto ariiiuo wtiiiiu virtute in suiiuuh rep, versari, 
roith this virtnoiis, nuhle sentiment, Cic, It is am- 
iiectid with adt-o, etium, is, hie, &c. : ducein hnsti- 
um intra incenia a. adeo in eenatu videniut?, Cic. ; 
angiistid purti:j a. his a C^tsaris militibus occupaii-^, 

CaiS. H) E^p. 1) In comparisons : Than, after 

mjiyi-?, eecii:?, alius, aliter. aliorsuni, eonti'ii, contra- 
nufi. &.(-,, (;ic., ttc. : cujus ego ealuttm non seciis 
ac nieani tueri dtbeo, Id. After comparatives, for 
qtiiiui : hand ininn? ac jussi faciiint, Virg. ; velut 
gravius a. ipse eensisset exceprum, ;5Uet. 2> As, 
after par, idem, otiquf, similiter, juNta, ajqiius. sinii- 
lir*, liiHsimilis, tidia, &e ; ht»noi tah pu]'uli Homani 
v(jliuitiite pHiu'is est del -tus ac inihi. Cu-., &c.: si- 
imil atqilt'. aji ."aim as (sre SimUL t., y). 3) In expU- ar C'irrff.tive negations: ac non. som«/^//ie^ ici h 
pottua. And not, and not rather, perparvtim 
controvei'sifim dicie, ac non eatn. qme dirituat om- 
nia, Cic. If^ith potSiis : quis (eum) ita aspexit lit pcr- 
ditiiin civem, ac non potius ut iniporturd!?t=iinnm 

hostein? Cic. 11. Conmcting wIuiIh sentntrcs : 

A n d. and t li u .<, and even so, and that t n o, 
and inderd, e sj) r rial I y. A) Gen.: AlVlL-anus 
inditj'ens mei ? Rliiiime hei'clf I ac lie ei:o quidem 
'Itius, Cic. To add s'lmeihinsi mare irfiuhin or em- 
phatic : hoc spectatit le;:es, hoc volunt ... a. hoc 
niiilto iiiaips eiiicit naturaj ratio. Cic. In ex/>rvss- 
ing n wii-h ; commnnly a iitinnni : videmus tui-^se 
quoBilam. qui iidnn ornate ac gravitt-r dicerent. 
A. utinain in I^iatio talie oratoris eimidncriim rrper- 

ire |to.«Ki'Uiusi I Cic- li) Es]i. I) //; covipari«ins: 

a. lit Cic. Pnet.: i\. velut, Vir:];. 2) In adrirsn- 
tire mniencfs ; fng. conneiJcd with tainen : Nrrer- 
thelf.".^, and yf, ip^^i non dicrre jiro nolii-* |'0'^- 
eint ; a ha-c a nobi'^ pituiit oniiiiM, (!;ic. ; didcipiiioa 
disiimi'es in'oi- f=c ac tiincn I'linliindos. Id 3) In 
Lo^ir. it. inilir.iifrA ihr mi:inr proposition, Cic, A:i-. 
4) In. aitlic/pnting an objection: ac nc loi'te lioc 
magnum ac mirabile eaee videatur, Cic. 5) /71 re- 


1 capitnlattonif : And so, an d thus, ae de primo 
; quKiem officii fonte dixiniui, Cic. 
1 ATQUl, coiij. (.at, qui;. An adrersanoe pnriii-le, 
seroing'lo connect an advusative i.lause viry clontla 
with ike foregoing : Bat nevertheless, bniytt, 
I n otwithstan ding, however, bvt rather, but 
now, and yet, &.c. I. Gen.: turn dixiese (Lysan- 
drum) mirari ae non mode diliiieDtiam, eed etiHin 
eollertiiini ejus, a quo esaent ilia diineiiSH arqut; de- 
scripta ; et ei Cyruin reapondisae : a. ego idta eiirn 
omnia dimeo.-ua, jie.oeriitelesf. Iioidlv^t, and yet, Cic. ; 
a. id tibi vercnduin est, fruly, indied {with irony), 
'Id.; O rem, inquie, difficilem tt inexpljcaljiWm ! a. 
explicnnda (;et, necaUteless, y. t, bnt. Iti. With con- 
ditionai se^ltl.■nce8 : a. si, But, note if, well then 
if, a. si tempus est ullum jure haminis nevBiidi, 
certe illitd est. Id. 11. In l/te minor of a syllo- 
gism: But now, now, quum sul igneus sit... 
neeesse est, aut ei similis ^it i^ni, &c — a. bic dos- 
ter ignis confector est omniuiu. ifcc. Cic. 

ATRiCiDEri, at, m Of Uie town Atrax,m 
T/ifsnali/. H'-nce, pott., Caneus of Tliessnly, Ov. 

A'J'RA(-'lri, idis,/. Of Atrax, i. e. Hippudamia 
of Thfssaly. Ov. 

ATRAClUri, a, um. Atracian. I. Of or be- 
longing to the river Atrax, in ^tolia, A. ora, 

Prop. \\. Of or belonging to rhf. Th£S- 

sal/an town Atrax; poet, for Tliessallaii, A. 
ars, sorcery (of Uie Thessalians), StaL ; A. virgo, i. 
e Hippodamia, Val. Flae. 

aTRaMENTUM. i, n. (ater). Any black li- 
quid, comiliu.'; tauri, apri rientibus se tutantur... 
atramcnti effusiuue sepia;, of a black Itt/nor. Cic. 
Arcoiding to the manntn- of preparing and using 
il : Writing-ink. ink, calaiiio ec atrameiito tfOipe- 
rato, charts en m dentata res agetur, Cic. ; n bbich 
coUn- wiih painters, bark paint. Indian ink. Tiin. ; 
Vitr. : black varnish, Piin. ; sho'tnaker's blnck, blue 
vitriol. Id. ; coh/. with facF.nous alf-sion 10 taibo: 
(Cn. C.irfjo) afms)itu~ a M. .4ntonio atnimenlo su- 
torio absolutus putatur, i e. hnring put'omd liim- 
self with bine vitriol (shnemaker's blacking). 

aTRaTU;?. a, um. (ater). Clothed in black 
for moKrning, cedo, qui* uinquaiu ccenarita.? 
Cic. Pau. : a. equi, of the chariot of the sun in an 
eclip!>P, Prop. 

ATRaTUS, i, m. Atratus, a small riper near 
Rome, Cic. 

ATR.\X. acis CArpaf). Atrax, I. Masc. : A 

riv-rofjE'olin, plin. II. Fern.: A town ofThes- 

stily On the. pene"!', Phn, 

ATRftlKTES, um CArpe^aroi). Atrebales, a 
people of Gallia Btlgica. naw Artois, Cjca. /« 
the sing., Atrebns, atis, One of the Atrebatts, 
an Atrebntinn, C*?. 

ATRFX^S {dissi/lL), ei. m. ("ATpoJO- Atreus, a 
son of P.liip,-). bro'hir of Thyt-.'^ief^. who.^e own ■■'fi'i he 
seared np to him n-i foad, fa hrr of .■ignvu nninii aui 
Menelans, kins nf Amos' and MycentE. Ov. : CiC. 

.^'I'RIDKS (A, Prop.), a;, m. A descendniil 
of Alri-ns, i. e. Aeaoi.JUnon, Ov.; Hof. ; M-iie- 
lans, Ov. ; Hor In the pfnr., Atndm, A^anumnan 
and M. nvlaiis. Hor. Sorcast., Atrides. of Voinilian, 
as the rnlrr .f Rmne. .Iiiv. 

aT1;II'.N-^IS, is, vt 6(li'ium : « ste7card or orxr- 
snr of the antf rfi.-m ; hroc- gen ^ .4 n overseer of 
thi /i'i'i<i,\ "teirnrd, Cic: l^iin. 

aTKiOLUM, 1, /(. dim. (atrium). A little ante- 
room or entrance-hall, Cic. 


XTRIUM, !i, n. (ater, from the darkness of the 
apartment, or from being- blackened by smoke ; Var- 
ra, however, derives from Atria, whence surhform of 
building originated, see MuUer's Etrnsk., vol. \.,p. 
255). A hall, the principal apartment of 
a Roman house [it was always ronfed, but the cava;- 
diutn was unroofed] {the mistress of the house used 
to work in the atrium with her servants ; here clients 
paid their respects, family pijrtraits used to hang, 
and the bridal bed to stand), Cic; Vitr. ; Hor. 7'he 
portico of a temple, in ntrio Libertatia, Cic. ; a. 
nuctiounrium, a hall for auctions. Id. — B) Metojt. 
Poet, for a whole house, Ov. 

ATRoCiTAS, atie, /. (atrox). Ho rribleness, 
enormity, hidcousness, atrocity. I. Geju: 
ipsius facti a. aut indignitas, Cic. ; a. sceleris. Sail. ; 

a. maris, agitation. Col. II. Esp. A) Moral 

har shness, cruelty, atrocity, rag t (like that 
of the sea), non atrucitate animi moveor, sed, &c., 
Cic. — B) In P kilos, or Low: Strictness, ex- 
actness, severity, a. ista, quoinodo in veterem 
Academiam irruperit, Cic, 

ATRoCiTEll, adv. Harshly, wildly, horri- 
bly, severely, cruelly, nimis a. minitanB alcui, 
Cic; impatiently, reluctantly., ferre, Cic; 
Tac. Cnmpar., Liv.; Tac. Superl., Cic. 

ATRQPOS, i, /. ("ArpOTTos). Atropos, one of 
the three Parcce, Mart. 

ATROX, ocis. Unpleasant to the senses in a high 
degree; Horrid, repulsive, wretched, atro- 
cious [of persons and things ; saavus, on the con- 
trary, of persons ojtly]. I. Gen.: protecto res tarn 
scelesta, tam a., tam nefaria credi non potest, Cic. ; 
atrocissimae literte, teirible, bad. Id. ; a. bellum. 
Sail. ; a. periculum, hazardous. Id. ; a. hora canicu- 
li liagrantis.jjfirce, violent, Hor.; a. nox, a. tempes- 

tiis, ijiclement, sioi-my, rough, Sen.; Tac. II. 

Esp. A) Morally: Fierce, savage, cruel, ex- 
cited, Vehement, admiscere huic generi orationis 

atroci genus illud altcrum, Cic. B) Stable, 

firm, intrepid, inflexible, praeter atrocera 
animum Catonis, Hor. — C) In Law: Adverse, 
hostile to any one, in re tam insigui tamque atro- 
ci, Cic. 

ATTA, IB, m. Atta, a Roman surname {original- 
ly of one who walked on the tips of his shoes) ; for 
in$t., C. Quintius Atta, a writer of comedies, Hor. 

ATTACTUS (adt), a, urn, part, o/attingo. 

ATTACTUS (adt). us, m. (attingo) {we find it in 
the abl. sing. only). A touching, touch, Varr. ; 

ATTIGEN, enis, m. fattSgena, fie, /., Mart.] (ir- 
rayriv). A heath-cock, wood-cock, Plin.; Hor. 

ATTaLENSES, ium, m. The inhabitants 
of Attalia, in Pamphylia. Cic 

ATTALIA, as,/. Attalia, a town of Pamphylia. 

ATTXLiCUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Attalus, A italic, A. peripetasmata, Cic; A. 
urbea, i. e. Pergamenian, Hor. ; A. conditionibus, 
for offers of the wealth of Attains, Id. ; A. vestes, in- 
tericoven with gold, Prop. 

ATTaLUS, \,m. ("ArraXos). Attalus, the name 
of ser.eral kings of Pergamus. esp. Attains III., who 
made the Roman people the heir of his empire and 
wealth Plin. 

ATTXMEN {also written as two words, at taraen), 
adv. But yet, but, however, nevertheless, 
for all that, a., quod fuit roboris, duobus proe- 
lija interiit, Cass. 


ATTfilUS or ATEIUS. a. Ateius, a Roman 
family name ; thus, A. Philologua, a rhetorician and 
grammarian, friend of Salluet and Asiuius PoUio, 
Suet. A. Capito, a contemporary of Augustus and 
Tiberius, founder of a school of law, adversary of 
Antistius Ldbeo, Tac. 

AT'i'EMP£RlTE (adt.), adv. In a proper 
manner, Ter. 

AT-TEMPERO(adt), arcu. fT. To adapt,fit, 
join to, adjust, a. gladiura sibi, i, e. to turn to- 
ward on^s self, Sen. 

ATTENDO (adt.), endi, entum, 3 v. a. To di- 
rect, stretch athing toward, extend. I, Prop.: 
a. aurem, to bend, Att. ap. Non. ; a. mnnus ccelo, 

App. II. A) Fig.: a. aDimum, and simply a., 

abaol.. To turn one' s mind or alt^ntio7t to, 
advert to, give heed to, listen to, observe 
(conf advertere animum), quo tempore iiures ju- 
dex erigeret animumqun attenderet, Cic. — B) Sim- 
'ply a. : rem gestam vobis dum breviter expono, 
quffiso diligenter attendite, Cic. With arc. : ut 
populus primum versum attenderet. Id. With de: 
quum de necessitate attendemus, TJ. With dat. : 
a. sermonibus malignia, Plin. E. ; a. plui-imiun elo- 
quentiaj, to apply out's self to, take pains about, Suet. 
■ — C) a. animo, Ter. ; App. 

ATTENTE, adv. Attentively, heedfnlly, 
intently, a. audire, Cic. Compnr., Id. Superl., Id. 

ATTENTiO (adt), onis, /. (attendo). Atten- 
tion, attentiveness, application, reliqua 
aunt in cura, a. animi, i^c, Cic. 

AT-TENTO (adt.), 1 v. a. To stretch out the 
hand in order to get any thing. I. A) Prop. : To 
touch, a. arcum digitis, Claud. — B) To attack, 
assault, quia vi attentantem acriter repulerat, 

Tac. II. Meton. gen.: To attempt, try a 

thing, prEeterii'i omnino fuerit satius quam attenta- 
tum deseri, begun, attempted, Cic. ; attentata det'ec- 
tio, attempted, Liv. ; a. Capuani, to seek to corrupt, 
solicit, to tamper with, Cic. ; a. mecumfacientia jura, 
to try to shake, to attack, Hor. 

ATTENTUS (adt), a, um. I. Part, of attendo. 
11. Adj.: Intent on any thing, i. e. A) At- 
tentive, si attentos animos ad decoria conserva- 
tionem tenebimus, Cic. ; attentissima cogitatio, in- 
tent rejection, Id. — B) Striving after a thing, 
careful, assiduous, industrious, quEeaticu- 
lus te faciebat attentiorem, Cic 

ATTENTUS (adt). part, o/attineo. 

ATTeNC.ITE (adt), adv. Meagrely. Of 
speech: Poorly, simply, without rhetorical 
ornament, a. presseque dicere. Cic. 

ATTeNuaTIO (adt), onis./. (attenuo). A less- 
ening, extenuating, a. suspicionis, Auct. Her.; 
a. verliorum, plainness of speech, Id. 

ATTkNOaTUS (adt), a, um. I. Part, o/ attenuo. 

II. A) Adj.: Impaired, weak, slender, 

furtuna rei familiaris attenuatissima, Auct Her.; 
voce paullulum attenuata, somewhat weak, Id. — B) 
Esp. of speech. 1) Shortened, short, brief, ilia 
juvenilis redundantia raulta habet attenuatH, Cic. 
2) Nice, scrupulous, affected, cAo ice, itaque 
ejus orationimiareligioneHttenuata, Cic 3) Mea- 
gre, poor, simple, plain, without rhetoric- 
al orn ament. a. oratio, Auct Her. 

AT-T£NCO(adt), li'. n. To make thin, weak, 
lean, to thin, attenuate, weaken, lessen. I. 
Prop. : a. cutem lambendo. Plin. ; sortes attenuatro, 

diminished, Liv. II. Tig. 1) To diminish, 



impair, enfeeble, &c., legio proBliia attenuata, 
impaired, weakened, Cffis. ; attenuandte, si ab hia de- 
horttibimur, Auct. Her. 2) To bring down, 
lower, hinnble, insignem attenuat deu9, Hor. 

AT-TeRO (adt.), trivi [per/, atterui, Tib.], tritum, 
3 V. a. To rub one thing against or upon an- 
ether. I. Gen.: asinus spinetia se scabendi cauaa 
atterens, Plin.; a. leniter caudam, to move gently, 

Hor. II. Esp. A) To wear out by rubbing, 

to rub away, destroy, impair, weaken, quot 
manua atteruntui^ ut unus niteat articulue, Plin.; 
a- dentes, Id. Poet.: a. surgentes herbaa, to tread 
or trample upon, crush, beat down, Virg. ; attritas 
versabat rivus arenas, loosened or separated {by ike 
water) by rubbing, Ov. ; et alteri alteros aliquantura 
attriverant, had weakened, impaired the resources of. 
Sail.; filimentorum pretia plebem attriverant, had 
exhausted. Tac. ; nee publicanus atterit Germanos, 
imp noerishes them, Idi.. — -B) Fig.: ubi eorum (juve- 
num) famara atque pudorera attriverat, destroyed. 
Sail. ; et atten eordidum arbitrabatur, to have one's 
dignitii impaired, Tac. 

AT-TESTOR (adt), 1 v. dep. I. To attest, 

prove, Phaidr. II. Esp. in the language of 

augurs : attestata fulgura, which confirm that which 
has been amiounced by former lightnings, Sen. 

ATTEXO (adt), exui, extum, 3. I. To twist 
or join to by platting, interweave into, 
pinnae loricaeque ex cratibua attexuntur, Ctes. 

1[. Gen.: To add, join, unite, vos ad id, 

quod erit immortale, partem attexitote mortalem, 

ATTHIS or ATTIS, idis, /. ChTBi<;). I. Attic, 
Athenian, Mart II. Subst. A) An Athe- 
nian woman. Sen. Esp.: Philomele, an Athenian 
who was changed into a nightingale; hence, for a 
nightingali:, Mart ; also Procne, sister of Philomele, 
Sen. A favorite of Sappho, Ov.— B) Attica, Lucr. 

ATTIaNUS, a, urn. Of or belonging to an 
Attiiis, Attian, A, versus, of the poet Attius, Cic. ; 
A. militea, uf the prcetor Attius, Css. 

ATl^lQA, 33,/. ('Attikj}). Attica, a district of 
Greece, of which the chief city was Athens] Plin. ; Ter. 

ATTICA, ffi,/. Daughter of Alticus, Cic. 

ATTlCE, adv. In an Attic manner, after 
the Athenian manner, A. dicere, Cic. 

ATTiCISSO, are, v.n. (iTri/fi'^w). To imitate 
the Athenian or A ttic manner, to atti- 
cise, PUiut 

ATTiCOLA, 69,/. dim. (Attica). Daughter 
of A tticn-s, Cic. 

ATTICUS, a, urn ('A-rrtKos). I. Attic, Athe- 
nian, A. terra, Attica, Liv. ; A. tide3, as btiug in- 
violable, Veil.; A. sermo, A. subtilitaa, Cic. {n.<< re- 
markable for excellence). II. A?i epithet of T. 

Pomponiua, friend of Cicero, given to him for his 

AT-TINeO (adt), tinui, tentura, 2 v. a. and n. 
(ad, teneo). I. Act.: To hold at or to, hold 
fast, hold in, hold back, keep hold of, a cul- 
tro8, PlHUt. ; a. alqm arnia et equum poacentem, 
Tac. ; Bocchura Punica fide simul Romanos et 
Nuraidns spe pacis attinuisae, had kept in suspense, 
had atnused. Sail.; Vologesen defectiune Ilyrcaniaa 
fittineri, 7£as held back, prevented, Tiic. ; a. impetura 
alcjs. to stop. Id. ; ripnm Danubii legiones attine- 
bant, preserved, guarded. Id. ; attineri dorai, to be 

\epl, stay at home, Id. II. Neutr. A) Prop. : 

To extend, reach, strttch, a Isvo Thraciss la- 


I tere ad Borystbenem recta plaga attinent, Curt^ — 

B) Fig.: In the third person, rea or hoc attinetjicw 

freq., haic attinent, ad alqra, or abaoL, this belongs 

to, relates to, concerns any one, quod ad me attinet, 

Cic. ; quaj ad colendam vitem attiuebunt Id. ; quid 

iatud ad me attinet 'i what is that tome? Plaut ; nihil 

attinuit it was of no use, Cic. ; quid attinuit? what 

good is it ? Id. ; quod attinet ad, with respect to, Id, 

AT-TINGO (adt), tigi, tactum, 3 (ad, tango) v. a. 

To touch, touch upon, come in contact 

with. 1. Prop, A) Gen.: priusquam aries murum 

attigisset, Caes. ; Sail. Prov. : digito coelura a., i. e. 

! to be extremely happy, Cic. ; extremis digitia a. alqd, 

I to touch upon, mention slightly. Id. ; coiif. under IL 

; B., 2. B) Esp. 1) a) To touch aplace, to reach, 

; arrive at, ut primum Asiam attigisti, Cic; a, Bri. 
tanniam navibus. Cms. b) Meton. gen.: To bor- 
der upon, be contig uaus to, Cappadociaj re- 
gie, quae Ciliciam attingit, Cic. ; eqrum tinea Ner- 
vii attingebant, Cebs. 2) To touch in a hostiU 
manner, to attack, si Vestinus attingeretur, 
omnes Jiabendoa hostes, Liv, 3) a. alqm. to touch 
as a lover, have intercourse, Catull. ; Tib. 4) To 
touch in eating, to eat, n. graminis herbam, Virg, 
II. Fig. A) Ge?i.: To touch, concern, re- 
late to, me alia causa delectat, qats te non attin- 
git Cic. B) -Esp. 1) In a speich: To touch 

upon, mention slightly, quod perquam brevi- 

j ter attigi, Cic. 2) Of action: To touch, take in 

, hand, engage i7i, attempt, undertake, aero 

■ ac Ie\'iter Griucaa literas'a., Cic; a. forum, to take 

part in the administration of the stale, Id. 3) To 

\ touch as to the qualities, relationship, &.C., of any 

\ thiug, to stand in connection with, have a 

\ relation to, be in relation with, come near, 

be like or similar. Concern, have to do with, 

qui te aliqua necesaitudine attingunt Cic. 

ATTIri, idia {also, Atthia or Atya, yos), m. ('Ams, 
"Arruy, *Atus). Attis or Atys, a youth of Phrygia, 
distinguished for personal beauty, with whom Q/tefc 
was ill love, Ov. 

ATTiUS (Acciua), ii, m. Attius, a Roman fam- 
ily 7iome. Thus, 1. L. Attius, a dramatic author, con- 
temporary with Pacuvius. 2- Attius Navius, att au- 
gur in the lirne of Tarquinius Priscus, Liv.; Cic. 
3. P. Attiua Varus, the prtelor in Africa ai the com- 
mencement (ftlie cicil war between Ccesar and Pom- 
pey, Ctes. ; Cic. 

AT-TOLLO (adt), ere, v. a. To lift or raise 
up, lift on high, raise, lift. I. Prop. A) a. pe- 
des super limen, Plaut ; a. planum fracto crure, to 
raise, help up, Hor. ; a. parvum natum, to take up, 
Ov. ; a. manus ad ccelum. Liv.; a. se in femur, lo 

raise one's self, \'irg. B) Esp. of buUdings: To 

set up, erect, raise, build, a. banc molem cce- 

loque educere, Virg.; Tac, &^ II. Fig.: To 

raise, exalt, distinguish, increase, ampli- 
fy, extol, ardet attolUtque animos, Virg.; quanto 
Ciceronis studio Brutus Cassiusque attollerentur, 
were raised, distinguished, Veil. ; quum sua quisque 
facta attoUeret, Id. 

AT-TONDeO (adt ), di, sum, 2 [perf. reduplsync 
attotonee for attondisse, Virg. Catal.] v. a. To 
shear, lop, dress, shave. I. A) Prop.: caput 
attonsum habcro, Cels. ; thus, a. vitem, Virg. — ■ 
B) To gnaw at, nibble, eat away, tenera at- 
tondent virgulta capellEe, Virs. ; attonsa arvn, paS' 

tured, vwwed, Luc. IL Fig. : laus attonsa, less- 

i e7ied, Cic. ; a. alqm, to pigeon, cheat, cozen, Plaut 


ATTONITE (adt.), adv. Enthusiastically, 
Plin. ^ 

AT'l'ONfTIlS Cadt.). a, urn. I. Part, of attono. 

II. -A) Adj. \^as if thundeTsiruck ; hence). 

Stunned, str itck, bewil dere.d, amazed, 
sertaetes8, talibuaattonitus visis, Virg. Oftbings: 
attoQitas magna ora domus, Virg. — B) Eap. : Seiz- 
ed with in&piration, inspired, enthusiaat- 
ic, frantic, matrcs a. Baccho, Virg. ; a. vates, Hor. 

AT-TQNO (adt.), ui, itum, 1 v. a. To th under 
at, am aze, deprive of one' s senses, Ov. 

ATTONSUS (adt.), a, um, part, of attondeo. 

AT-TORQUeO (adt), ere, v. a. To hurl, 

ATTRACTO, are. See Attrecto. 

ATTKACTUS (adt), a, um. L Part, of attraho. 

n. Adj. (drawn in; i. e.). Contracted, 

wrinkled. Irons attractior. Sen. 

AT-TRSHO (adt.), xi, ctum, 3 v. a. To draw 
near by force, to draw, pull to, or attract, 
I. Prop.: Htqueadeoattnihitur Lollius, Cic; a.alqm 

Romnm, Id. 11. Fig.: To allure, attract, 

ad amic'itiain attrahit sirailitudo morum, Cic. 

ATTRECTaTUS (adt), us, m. A touching, 
feeling, Pac. ap. Cic. 

AT-TRliCTO (adt ; written also attract.^, 1 v. a. 
(tracto). To t o n ch, hav die, feel any thing (esp. 
171 an unlawful manner). A) Prop.: id aignum a. 
non eBBet solitus, Liv. ; thus, a. patrios penatea, 

Virg. B) Esp. : To appropriate to one's 

self, take possession of seize upon, a. regi- 
as gazas, Liv. 

AT-TR£PtDO (adt), are, r. n. To hobble 
along, Plaut 

AT-TRiBOO (adtr.), ul, utum, 3 v. a. To add, 
adjoin, annex to, incorporate 7Dith. l.Prop.: 
pueros attribue ei, quot et quos videbitur. Cic. ; in- 
sula ab SuUa Rhodiis attributa, assigned, subjected, 
Id. ; a. pecuniam alcui, to assign, Id. Hence also, 
a. alqm, to assign, make over to. Id. ; his rebus om- 
nibus tprni in millia ajris attribuerentur, w<?re laid 

on as a tax, Liv. II. Fig. A) To attribute, 

give, bestow, timer, quern mihi uatura pudor- 
que meus attribuit, Cic. ; si legi, loco, urbi, monu- 
nicnto attribueretur oratio, as it were, put into the 
mouth of, \. e. if a law, &c., should be introduced as 
speaking, Id. — B) Esp.: a. alqd alcui, to attrib- 
ute, impute, ascribe any thing to any one as the 
author or cause, bonos e?fitus attribuimus diis im- 
mortalibus, Cic. 

ATTRiBuTiO (adt), onis, /. (attribuo). I. In 
Trade: The assignment of a money-debt, de a. 

confifies, Cic. II. InGramm.: A predicate, 

attribute (pgiiivalejit to Rttribatum), Cic. 

ATTRiEBuTUM. i, «. (attribuo). I. A bill or 

draft on a public treasury, Varr. II. In 

Gramm.: A predicate, attribute, Cic; Gell. 

ATTRlTUS (adt). a, um. I. Part, of attero. 

^It. Adj.: Rubbed. A) Gen.: mentumpaul- 

lo sit attritiue, Cic. ; a. ansa, Virg. Poet.: a. frons, 
qu. to which no shame adheres, bold, shameless, Juv. 
B) In Medic: Rubbed, rubbed sore, exco- 
riated, a. partes, Plin. Subst., attrita, crura, n., 
Parts of the body rubbed sore or galled. Id. 
ATTRJETUS (adt), us, m. I. A rubbing 

against any thing, Sen-; Plin. II. Esp. in 

Medic: A galling, a bruise, Plin. 

A'fYSor ATTYS.yos,m. CAtv?,*Attus)- -^^V^- 
1. Son of Hercules and Omphale, ancestor of the Lyd- 1 


' fan kings, who therefore were called Atyadse, Tac. 
2. The founder of the gena Atia, Virg. 

AU (hau), interj. An exclamation of sorrow or 
pain, A hi oh I Plaut; Ter. 
AUCEPS, cDpis, m. (contr. aviceps, /romavis a}id 

capio). I. A bird-catcher, fowler, Hor. 

II, Fig.: voluptatum aucupem, Cic; prajcu actio- 
num. cHntor formularum. a. syllabnrum, a captious 
sifter of the precise literal sense. Id. 

AUGTaRIUM, ii, n. (augeo). An increase, 

I addition, Pljiut 

I AUCTiFlCUd, a, um (auctus, facio). Increas- 
ing, Lucr. 

I AUCTiO, onia, /. (augeo). I. Gen.: An in- 

\ crease, a. dierum (opp. retractio), Macr. 

II. A) Esp. in Trade: A sale by auction, auc- 
tion, public sale, Cic; auutionem proacrilwre, 
to publiah, make known. Id. ; a. proterre, id put nff. 
Id. — B) Metou.: That which is sold, or to he 
sold, at an auction, quum auctionem venderct, 

AUCTIoNaRiUS. a, ura (auctio). Relating 
or belonging to sale by auction, auction' 
ary, atf'a a., a hall where auctions were held, Cic. ; 
tabulie a., catalogues of sale, Id. 

■ AUCTI5N0R. 1 V. dep. (auctio). To hold an 
auction, sell by or at auction, ut in atriis 
auctionariis auctionentur, Cic. 

AUCTfTO, are, v.fregu. (augeo, aucto). To in- 
crease Very greatly, augment, (\pecunias fe- 
nore, Tac. 

j AUCTO, aTe,v.fregu. (augeo). Greatly to in- 
crease, Plaut.; Lucr. 

! AUCTOR (more correct than Autor), orie, m. (an- 
geo, he who brings up, causes the growth of a thing ; 
hence). He who produces, procreates, causes, estab- 
lishes a thing. I. Prop.: An author, fo under, 
originator, creator, causer, maker, and the 
like. A) Gen. ; L. Binitus, prajclarus a. nobilitiitis 
tuie, the founder, father, progenitor, Cic; thus, a 
gentis, progenitor. Suet. ; a. TrojiB, the founder, 
builder, Virg. ; etatua auctoris incerti, maker, artist, 

Plin. ; auctorem rerum, the doer. Sail. B) Esp. ; 

An author, writer, eovtpoeer of literary pro- 
ductions, scripta auctori perniciosa euo, Ov, ; sine 
auctore notiasimi versus, anonymous verses. Suet ; 
utriugque lingua3 auctoribus, Id. II. Melon. 

A) 1) He who causes or advises a thing, serves for a 
pattern or example; An occasioner, adviser, 
counsellor, promoter, pattern, example, 
model, omnes istosme auctore deridele atque con- 
temnite, at my advice, at my command, Cic; duc-o 
et auctore Bruto, Id. ; virtutum auctore, paiicrn. Id. 
2) Esp. : a. legis, a. conailii, &c., he that makes a 
motion for a law, brings forward a bill, a mover, 
proposer, hujua deditionis ipse Postumius a. fuit, 
Cic. Of the Senate which approves, accrpts, sanctions 
a motion : aenatores populi Romani, legnm et judi- 
ciorum auctores, Cic ; hence, auctores fieri, to ac- 
cept, sanction a law, patres ante a. fieri cocgit Id. ; 
a. consilii publici, who is a leader in the Senate, a 
leader, director, spokesman, consilii publici nucto. 
rem, Id. ; sometimes a. legis, he that makes a motion 
for a law, a mover, quarum legum a. fuerat Liv. — 

B) He who stands to the truth of, is guarantee for 
warrants any thing; A surety, voucher, war 
rantee, guarantee. 1) Gen.: fama nunciaba' 
te esse in Syria: a, erat nemo, Cic. ; id certis am^ 
toribua comperi, Id. 2) Esp. a) A voucher, aw- 



tkor, innsmiich as kin statement nrrves for a docu- 
7neTit or /jranf (ihns frer/iieullij in C'cero ; but nercr 
usid bij hi III hi ikf lijciiErui me.anh/if of icruer, anlhor, 
coiiip.isn- : see. nhor.f, I. B). qufin rt;riuu Koiniirju- 
rurii ftuctorem hiudare poasuin religiosissiinnin. g/j 
kisiorinri, relacti; iinrratitr, Cic. ; hence, aurtoi'r'in 
esse, wiih an obj. c/nnne, lo relate, varrnte, Fwbius 
Rusticus a. est, scriptos esse codieillos, Tn<;. b) 
In the laii^i'ttse of courts ofjuscice.. a) A seller, 
vender, innsmii,ch as he. irarrants the right of pos- 
sesf/on of the Ikhiff to be sold, and makes it over lo 
the. buyer; A possessor, proprietor, qmtd a 
mtilo HUctore tmisstnt, Cic. {i) A g nardia n, 
curator, dos, quani mulier iiullo auctore dixisset, 
Cic. y) A w h t n e H s present al espousals, nubiC 
genero socrus, miltis nuctoi-ibus, Cic-. c) He who 
stands for or defends a thing: A spokesman, 
leader, de.patg, a^ent, defender, prajclarus 
iste a. su:« civit itis. Cic. 

AUCTORaMKN-'I'UM, i. u. (auctoro). I. 7'hnt by 
whi'-k one is hound to pn form any service (military 
service, gladiatorial sercice, &c ) ; Enlisting- 
money. bounty, ear ^t est, pay, hire., wages, 
est in iilis (quKStibus mercenariorum) ipsa merces 

a. siTvitutis, Cic. II. An engaging out's self 

to do any service, a con tract respecting a ptrsou- 
hired, a turpiseimum (gltidiatorum), Sen. 

AUUToRiTAlS, atis. /. (aut-tor; and according 
to its meaning of producing, procreatinff, causing, 
es:ablisfnn^, hence), I. Prop.: A production, 
genera'io n. invention, cause, occasion. 
auctoritatip ejus et inventionia comprobator»;s, Cic. 

■ II. Metnn. A) Desire, will, order, com- 

m.avd, advice, exhortation, counsel; pat- 
tern, model, example. 1) Gen : errHt vehe- 
mciiter, si quia in orationibus noetris auctoritates 
nostras connignatas so habere arbitnitur, Cic; ad 
Ca'saris iUu:toritat''m se contuliasent, chief com- 
mand. Id. ; hnminis auctoritate continnandutn puto, 
exkoriation, consolnlion. romfort. Id. ; thus, valuit a., 
example. Id. 2) E-p. of piiblic right: The will 
(of any authority), a decree of the Senate, a de- 
cree of the Bom an /^fiop/e, contra st-natus imc- 
toritnttm, Cic. ; hencs the abhreriation of the decrees 
of the Senaie: S. C. A., i. e. spnatus ionsulti a.; 
Bome.iiinHs a decree of the Sivnie Khi< h irns inmiidated 
by ike protest Of ion nf the trJbune.f: of the people (opp. 
senalus consultum, adecrreoftke Senate that, grrw 
into a law), Cic : a. colleyii (pontiricuin), Liv. 3) 
M ton. n) Free will, power to do any iking at Orie's ' 
phasiire, authority lo act, p lev if ude of power, 
full power, covipeten cy, qui hnb tauctoritatem 
lef^iini djindiiruin a spnatu, Cic. ; leyatop cnin a. mit- 
tere, to'ifi f nil powers. Liv. b) Gen.: Power, au- 
thority, dis n i t y, i nfl u eve r, ir r i g h l. auc- ' 
toritafe sua commovprp hoinineTn posse, Cic. ; t s-e 
in jiuctoritJite alcjs. to be under the injlnence of one, 
Liv.; anctoritatem hnbere : artrrro ; fjicere, &c., 
Cic. Of things: Weight, importance, valve, 
worth, con sequence, &c.. quum amen per- a-t'i- 
tpm nonduni Imjus nucroritntpm loci (i. e. th^ rostra) 
atiinuerii nuHerom, thtf respectable placf, Cw. ; quo 
miijnfRm aucforitjittim haberct ortitio, M. — B) ]) 
n) Warranty, security, credit, quuin jnstitia ■ 
einf priiiitntin satis luilienl nuctoritntis. Cic, ; tolli- 
tur omiiie a. Kiomnionini, Id. b) dinrr. a) That 
whichserreatoeytablishafact: A document, title- 
deed^ Cif. J?) A person who is trarrnntyfora thing ; 
An aui/tTity, quum auctoritntespcincipum con- ' 

jurationia coUigeret, Cic. ; auctoritates praBscriptw, 
thoft who were present n'. the fi inning of a dei^iee pf 
tlie Sena'e. and prefir.ed their, iin-nii-s lo it, Cic. ii) 
Esp. in Law. a) The right of property, hdver- 
eus hostKin leternii a., an etm-nul rightofpropirlyta 
valid against s'rangcru, i, e. a stranger can acquire 
no right of pr/fperly on the property of a Ibrntnn by 
prescription, Xil. Tab. ap. Cic. ; uj^us tta. I'undi, Tiy. 
, b) Warran ty, surety, s e c « r i ( //, Paul. Sriut. 
j AUCTORO, it?, fl. (auctur, II., B.). I. To guar- 

an tee, confirm, strengthen, Tert. —{{. To 

bind, oblige. A) Prop.: a. se, or in tlie middle 
\voice, To bind, engage, or hire one's self 
• out as any thing, vindemititor auctoratus. Plin. ■ 
I uri virgis lerroque neciiri Huctoratus eas, hired out 
as a gladiator. Hor, ; eo pignore Vfclut auctomtum 
sibi proditorrm ratus est. qu. engaged, hired out, 

Liv. B) i^iV. : a. nioitein i-ibi alqa re, to cattel 

one's own death by any mi arts. Veil. 

AUCTUMNaLIS (auL), e (auctumnus), Av, 
tumnal. ifquiiiuctium a., Liv. 

AUCTUMNUS, i, m. (auireo). I. The season of 
abundance, i. e. The a ut iim n, time of karvtsi and 

vintage, hiimis, ver, nj^tas, a-, Cie. [I. The 

produce of the autumn, the harvest, Mmt. 

AUCTUMNUd (aut.), a, uin (aucEumnus). Avr 
tumnn I, Ov. 

AUCTUS.a, urn. T. Pnri. o/augeo II. Adj. 

(increastd; hence). Great, plentiful. rich{ilia 
found only in the cimipar., and iu later Lot. intktsu- 
ptrL), honore auctiores vult esse (populns Roma- 
nus), Off.". ; auctius atque melius dl fecere, Hor. 

AUCTUS, iia, m. (augeo). An increasing, 
a ugmenuing, growth: abundance, plenty, 
Diinubius immeiiso aquariim auctu, Plin. ; masimig 
semper auctilui-: i-rescere. Liv. 

AUCOPaToRIUS, a, um (auciipor). Of or 
serving for bird-catching or fowling, a. 
orundo, Plin. 

AUCtiPlUM. ii, «. (auceps). L A) Bird • catch- 
ing, fowling, piscatus, a., venatio, Cic. — B) Me- 

ton. concr.: Birds caught. Sen.: Cela. IL 

Fig.: A catching at, rnnu iv g or huntivg 
afte.r a thing, a. delectation is, Cic; Jiu.upia ver- 
borum f't literarum temiiculw in iuvidiwrn vociitit, 
a pedantic over minute invesii^atioit of words, an il- 
liberal sifting of the precise liitral sen'se, hoc novum 
est a., a new trade, Ter. 

AUCtJPO, are, rare for aucupor. 

AUCOPOR, ] V. dip. (aiicpps). I. To Catch 

birds, go a fowling, V'Hrr. II. Ge7i.: To 

aim at, catch at, watch for, hunt after, nos 
longis navibus tranquillitates aucupaturi ermnus, 

AUDaCJA, ffl, /. (audax). Boldness, confi- 
dence, in a good, and, more often, in a bad sense, 
1. In a good sense: Courage, boldness, brav- 
ery, intrepidity, audnria in billo, Sail, II, 

In a bad sense ; Auda ei ou sn ess, tetneritv, an- 
dacitv. impudence, incredilHi ImportuuitHle 
et H.. Cir. /// theplur. conrr. : Bold, daring ac- 
tions, qunntas a., quwrn incredibilea furores repe- 
rietip, O c. 

AIIDAClTFR. adv. (audax). Boldly, fear- 
le.'inly, rn.<ihly. dar i n gly, ^n}]. ; Liv. 

AUD.ACTF.R, adv. (audax) Boldly, coura- 
^eonsly, fearlessly : rashly, dartvely,a- 
hbpieque diccre. Cic Compar., a. cxsultflire, Cic. 
Superl, a. transire conari, C»9. 


AUDAX, ficiB (audeo ; conf. tenax from teneo, 
capax /roTTi capio). Daring, in a^ood sevse, but 
mnsUy ia abadsetiBc; hold, confident ; rash, 
prcs umpliions, audacious, Verres homo au- 
daciasitnus «tque iimentissimug, Cic. ; audacissinius 
ex omnibus, the boldest, innst courageous, Id. ; poe- 
tft a,, intrepid, impertiirhaOle, tkf. same nnder praise 
and blame, Hor. With abl. : qui viribuB audax, 
Virg. fVUh inf. : a. omnia perpeti, Hor. Of things: 
a. verba, imusual, poetical, Quint. 

AUDL:NS, entis. I. Part, o/audeo. II. Adj. ; 

Daring, bold, in a good sense, co urageous, 
contra nuduntior ito, Virg. 

A UDENTER, adv. B o Idly, f e ar I e s sly ; 
rashly, audaciously, Dig. aompar., Tac. 

AUDENTtA, ad, f. (audens). Boldness, in a 
good sense, courage, intrepidity, bravery, 
nee defuit a. Druso, Tac. ; cur tibi eimilis a. nege- 
tur ? ihe same liben-ty ? Plin. E. 

AUDkO, ausuB, 2 [perf ausi/or ausus sum, Cat.; 
hence, stibj. sync, ausira, ausis, ausit, ausint, very 
frequent in poets, sometimes also in Liv. and the 
later prose author s\ v. a. To have the courage 
to do any thing, to dare, be so bold as, ven- 
ture, undertake, attempt; commonly with inf., 
rarely absoL, with ace. or with quin : de Ligarii non 
audeara confiteri ! Cic. ; nudeo dicere, inquit, / 
.venture- to say {according to the Greek ToAJu,a> Ae'yeti'), 
Id, ; nee dicere ausim, / do not venture or dare to 
say it, Liv. Absol. : et quid nostri nuderent, peri- 
clitabatur, Cffis. ; duo itinera audendi ; seu mallet, 
<kc., Tac. With ace. : a. tnlia, Virg. ; Ov. ; capita- 
-lem fraudem ausi, Liv. With quin : ut non aude- 
am, quin proraam omnia, Plaut. 

AUDIENS, entis. I. Part, of audio. -II. 

Siibst. : A hearer, listener, ad animos audien- 
tium perraovendos, Cic. 

AUDiENTIA, ffi,/. I. A hearing, listening, 
audience, attention, facit pergaspe ipsa sibi au- 
dientiam diaerti seiiis raitia oratio, Cic. \ prseco ia- 
cit audientiam, orders or imposes attention, silence, 

Auct. Her. < Liv. II. Melon. : The faculty 

or sense of hearing, hearing, Prud. 

AUDIO, 4 (audin or audin' for audisne, like ain' 
/or aisne) [Zm/zcr/, audibat, Ov. ; audibaiit, CatuU.; 
Fut. audibo, Enn. ; audibis. Plant.] (allied to avSif ; 
to the Lacon. ofis, eguioalent to a^g ; whence also au- 
ria, the Eng. ear, and the Germ. Ohr) v. a. 7'o 
hear, j^er ceiv e, experience by hearing. I. 
Qen. : alqd, de, with a relat. or obj. clause, or absol. 
The p^son from whom one hears any thing, with ab, 
de, ex, rardy an ace. with part. : adhuc de ieto per- 
iculo nihil audisse (me), Cic, &c. With ab : Siepe 
audivi a majoribus natu, Cic, &c With de; ssepe 
hoc de majoribus natu audivimus, Cic, <fec Wiih 
ex : audivi ex majoribus natu, Cic, &c. With an 
arc. with part. ; quum audiret forte reges concer- 
tantea apud se de nobilitate generis. Suet. Absol. ; 
videndi et audiendi delectatione ducitur, Cic. ; a. 
in Iqm, to hear something to the disadvantage of 
any one, Cic. In the dbl. of the part, perf, audi- 

to, at the intelligence, Liv. ; Tac II. Esp. A) 

Attentively to listen, give ear, hear a person 
or thing, ut attente bonaque cum venia verba mea 

audiatis, Cic B) To hear a prayer or request, 

grant an answer to aprayer, in quo dii immor- 
talcs meas preces audiverunt, Cic. Poet, absol. : 
audiit et . . . intonuit I«vum, Virg. ; thus also, poet. : 
a. nlqm, to grant one's r^uegt, Ov. ; Hor.— -C) To , 


hear a professor lecture, hear or alt eiid lectures, 
to study under, take lessons, te annum jam 

audientem Cratippum, Cic. D) In Law: To 

hear, examine, give audience, attend to a 
cause, nemo illorum judicum clariasimis viris accu- 
santibus audiendum sibi dc ambitu putavit, Cic. 
— E) To listen to a person or thing with appro- 
bation, to approve, agree with, assent to, 
grant, allow, nee Homerum audio, qui Gany- 
meden a diis raptura ait, Cic. Absol. : audio, / 
grant or allow that, wall, si per eos Btatuie tlebant 
. . . audio : sin, ifcc ; thus the contrary, non audio, 
that I donH allow or grant. — F) Ohedienilij to list- 
en to a person or thing, to obey; with ace. and 
(analogous to obedire) with dat. in the phrase dicto 
audientem esse (alcui) : tecum loquere, te adhibe 
in consilium, te audi, Cic.; qui dieto audiontes in 
tanta re non fuiseetit, ready to obnj the word, i. u. to 
obey at once. Id. ; ne plebs nobis dicto audiens sit, 
Liv.^— G) Like the Greek clkovoi, to hear one's self 
called or styled anyhow, i. o. to pass for ; To be re- 
puted, have a character or reputation; usu- 
ally connected with bene or male (as in Greek koAu? 
and KaKiii<i cLKOvsiv), To have a good or bad 
character or reputation, si idem bene vale- 
ret, bene audiret, copiosus esset, &.c., Cic. ; a. a pa- 
rentibus, a propiiiquis, a bonis etiam viris, to be 
praised by. Id- Without adv. : tu recta vivis, ei 
curas esse quod audis, Hor. ; rexque paterque au- 
disti. Id. — -H) In conversation .- audi, listen, pay at- 
teutiau,yti\\ ; audin' \ do ijou hear ? Ter. 

AUDlTlO, onia,/, I. A hearijig, listening, 
(pueri) fabellarum auditione ducuntur. Cic. Pass. : 
A hearsay, hoc solum auditione expetere coepit, 

Id. II. Metov. A) The talk of the people, 

rumor, report, si accepissent fama et auditione, 
esse quoddam numen, Cic. In the plur., tictai a. 

B) A lecture, lesson, Plin.; Gell. C) For 

auditus, The sense of hearing, App. 

AUDITOR, oris, m. (audio). 1. A hearer, au- 
ditor, semper oratorum eloquentim moderjitrix 

fuit auditorum prudentia, Cic 11. Esp. : The 

hearer ofamaster, disciple, pupil, Demetrius 
Phalereus Theophrasti a., Cic. 

AUDITORIUM, ii, n. (auditor). I. A lecture- 
room, an audience-room, court of justice. 

Quint.; Tac, Ofaschool{qpp.ior\xm),Q.\XM\t. 

II. An assembly of hearers, an audience, 
auditory, adliibito ingenti auditorio, Plin. E. 

AUDH'tlS, a, um, part, o/ audio. 

AUDlTUS, us, VI. I. Prop. : A hearing, list- 
ening, Tac. Pass.: A report, rumor, talk, 

occupaverat animos prior a., Tac. II. Meton. .- 

The sense of hearing, a. semper patet, Cic. 

AUFeRO, abstuli, abiatum, nuierrc, v. a. (ab, 
fero). To carry or bear off or away, take 
away, remove. I. Prop. A) Gen.: multa palam 
domum suara nufereliat, Cic; e conspectu terraa 
ablati sunt, carried off, Liv,; a. se, to carry one's 

self off, go away, Ter. B) Esp. : I'o take away, 

take by force, snatch away, carry off, a. vasa 
omnia ab alqo, Cic. ; a. pecuniam in ventre, to 
swallow, squander. Id.; a. auriculam mordiuus, to 
bite off. Id. ; abstulit cita mors Achillem, carried off, 
Hor. ; to separate one place from anothir, mare Eu- 

ropam auferens Asite, Plin. II. Fig. A) Gen.: 

To carry off, gain, get, receive. Quintius a 

Scapulis paucoa dies aufert Cic. B) E»p.: To 

carry off #r away, take away, snatch away. 


turn aside, divert, ne te auferant aliorutn con- 
eilin, carry away, Cic. ; coitf. abstulerunt me velut 
de spntio Grtecto res. have turned my tliougkts, di- 
verted me from my subject, Liv. ; hi ludi dies quinde- 
cim auferent, take, Cic. ; more a. omnea sensua, Id. ; 
R. fugain, fa preoent, Flor. 

AUFiDeNA, at,/. Aufi dena, a town of Sam- 
jiium, now Alfidena, Liv. Aufidenatea, iurn, lis 
inhnbhants, Plin. 

AUKiDIaNUS, a, um. Belong ing to an 
A ufidius, Aufidian, A. nomen, the debt of An- 
Jidiiis, Cic. 

AUFlDlUS, a. Anfidius, a Roman family 
name. Thus, 1. Cn. Autidius, prator, elder contempo- 
rary of Cicero, author of a Greek history, Cic. 2. T. 
Aufidius, a Roman orator, Cic. 3. Sex. Aufidius, 
Cic. 4. A. Aufidius Luecus, magistrate of Fundi, 
Hor. 5. A. Lnrco, a noted epicure, Hor. 

AUFIDUS, i, m. Aufidus, a river of Apulia, 
now Of an to, Hor. Hence, Aufidus, a, um, adj., 
Aufidian, Sil. 

AUFOGlO, fug], 3 V. 71. (ah, fugio). To flee 
away, run aicay. quum multos libros surnpuis- 
eet, aut'uglt, Cic. With ace: a. aspectum parentis, 
to jlee, Cic. poet. ; aufugere ad alqm, to take refuge 
with ove, App. 

AUGE, es,/. (Aiyyrj). Auge,*davghter of Aleus, 
mother of Telephus by fhrcules, Ov. 

AUGEAS. See Augias. 

AUG£0. xi. ctura. 2 [perf conj. auxitis, Liv.] 
(akin to Sanscr. auf, to grow ; IceL auka, to aug- 
ment) V. a. and n. {Prop, to make great ; hence) I. 
Act.: To increase, augment, strengthen, 
heighten. A) Gen. 1) Prop.: ut aliorum apoUia 
nostraa facultates, copias, opes augeamus, Cic; a. 
vallum et turrea, Tac. ; a. vocem, to strengthen, 
Suet. ; a. hostias, to increase, Id. Poet. : a. volu- 
cium turbara, to increase the multitude of birds, i. e. 
to be changed into birds, Ov. 2) Fig. : ut voluptas 
auiieri non possit, Cic, &c. ; a. animum alcjs, to 
heighten. Id. B) Efip. : alqm (alqd) alqa re, Am- 
ply to famish any person (thing) with, ejidow, 
"vqiiip, enrich, adorn. 1) Prop.: ut Sullanos 
possessores divitiis augeatie, Cic; filiolo me nuc- 
lum scito, presented with. Id. 2) Fig. To enrich, 
equip, pdorn, amplify, magnify, elevate, 
■quorum alter te scientia a. potest, altera exemplis, 
Cic ; a. venatibus, to worship by sacrifices, Virg. 

11. Neiit.: To groio up, grow, increase, 

usque adeo pereunt tetua augentque labore, Lucr. ; 
iguoscendo populi Romani magnitudinem auxisse, 

AUGESCO, ere, v. inch. n. (augeo). To begin 
to grow, to grow, increase, temperatione ca- 
lorie Pt oriri et a., Cic. ; animi a. alcui. Sail. 

AUGiAS tr AUGkAS. as [Augeus, Hyg.], m. (Av- 
ycCai). Augeas, a king of Elis, whose stables, 
which had not been cleaned for thirty years, were 
cleansed by Hercules in one day, Serv. Virg. Hence, 
Prov. : cloftcas Augiip purgnre, Sen. 

AUGMKN, inia, «. (autreo). An increase, en- 
larffcmrnt, augmentation, Lucr. 

AUGMENTUM (augumentum), i, n. (augeo). 
An ill crease, enlargement, augmentation 
{opp. drininiitio), Dig.; a. fulguri'i, Plin. 

AUGUR, iiris [old auger, according to Prise] 
I. Commonly, An augur, a soothsayer who made 
his predictions from thejlight and singing of birds, 

Cic. IX. Qen : Any so9thsay«r or divin- 


er, a. Apollo, as the gnd of soothsaying, Hor.; a. 
Argivus, i. e. Amphiaraus, Id. ; a. Thestoridea, i. e. 
Calchas, Ov. In the fern. : a. aquse aunoea cornix, 
rain foreboding, Hor. 

AUGORALId, e (augur). I. Belonging to an 
augur or the college of augurs, augural^ 
a. libri, Cic. ; a. insignia, Liv. ; a. ccena, which an au- 
gur gave on entering upon his office. II. Subst., 

Augurale, is, ?i.. A) 1) A place to the right of the 
general's tent, in which the auspicia were held, Tac. 

Hence,2) The principal tent. Quint. B) An 

augur's staff, lituus. Sen. 

AUGDRaTiO, onia, /. (auguro). A divina- 
tion, Cic._ 

AUGuRaTO, adv. After consulting the 
auguries, with the consent of the gods. Liv. 

AUGCRaTUS. u8, m. (auguro). The office 
of an augur, lituus clarissimum insigne augura- 
tus, Cic 

AUGtJRiUM, ii, n. [pi. Augura, Att. ap. Non.l, 
(augur). I. 7'he observation and inierpretaiion of the 
flight of birds, Augury, a. agere, Cic. ; a. capere, 
Liv. ; a. accipere. to take for a foretoken. Id. ; a. aa- 

lutie, about the weal of the state. IL Melon. A) 

Gen.: A divination, soothsaying, predic- 
tion, prophecy, verisaima auguria rerumfutuni- 
rum, Cic. — B) A foreboding, presentiment, 
seculorum quoddam a. futurorura, Cic.-— C) A 

sign, token, foretoken, Plin. D) The art 

of dtvini7tg, Virg.; Flor. 

AUGtJRiUS, a, um (augur). Belonging to 
augurs, a. jus, Cic. 

AUGtJRO, 1 (augur). L To consult by ait- 
gurs, a. aalutem populi, a7i old formula in Cic. 

II. Meton. A) To consecrate by auguries, 

augurato templo ac loco, Cic. B) Gfnt. : To pre- 
sage, divine, forebode, Cic. ap. Non. ; si quid 
veri mens augurat, Virg. 

AUGOROR, 1 V. dep. (augur). I. To presage, 
divine by the flight of birds, Calchas ex passerum 
numero belli Trojani annos auguratus est, Cic. 

II. Meton. gen.: To presage, m}njectUTe, 

forebode, mortem est auguratus, Cic. 

AUGUSTA, ffi,/. I. In the time of the emperors, a 
title of the mother, wife, daughters, and sisters of the 

emperor, Imperial Majesty, Tac; Suet 

II. The name of several towns ; for instance, A. Tau- 
rinontm, now Turin, Plin.; A. Pra;toria, in Up- 
per Italy, now Aosta, Id.; A. Trevirorum, vow 
Treves, Mel. ; A. Emerita, in Lnsitania, now Me- 
rida, Plin.; A. Vindelicorum, wow Augsburg. 

AUGUSTaLIS, e. Of or belonging to the 
emperor Augustus, A. ludi. Tac; A. sodalee, a 
college of AugjLstan priests, in.<tituted by Tiberius, 
Id.: called also, A. sacerdotes, Id. 

AUGUSTaNUS, a. um. L A) Of or belong- 
ing to Augustus, A.colonia, Dig. — B) Meton.: 
Imperial; hence, Avgustani, Rojnnn knights lesied 

by Nero for military service. Tac. II. Subst., 

Augustani, orum, m.. The inhabitants of towns that 
had the title o/ Augusta, Plin., &c. 

AUGUSTE, adv. Reverently, with relig- 
ious awe, venerari deos, Cic. 

AUGUSTeUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Augustus, A. Lex, Frontin. 

AUGUSTlNUS, a, um. Belonging to Au- 
gustus, A. currus, the carriage of Augustus, S'uet 

AUGUSTODCNUM, i. «. Augustodunnm,a 
town of the ^dui, in Gallia; noiv Autun, Tac 

AUGUSTUS, a, \ira (augeo). Sacred, venera' j 
hie, majestic, august, magnificent, noble, 
omitto Kleusina sanctam illam et n., Cic. Compar. : 
forinnin viri iiliqQantumaugustiorem.Liv. Superl.: . 
QUgUritissima vustis, Id. ! 

AUGUSTUS, i, VI. J. A aurname given to Octavi- ' 
attus Ccesar m supreme ruler, mid aubsequenthj to all 
the Roman emperors, likeour Majesty, Imperial 

Majesty, Emperor, Hor. IL Adj., Augus- 1 

tua, a, um, August, imperial, A. caput, of An- \ 
gustua, Ov. ; mensis A., the month of August, so j 
called after Augustus, called before Sextilifl, Plin. ; 

AULA, SB [old gen. aulai, Virg.], J^. (auX^). A 
court, fore-court. I. A) Gen. : janitor milm, i. e. 
Cerberus, Hor.; for atrium, Hall, entry, en- 
trance-room, Virg.; Hor.; a court for cattle, 
Hor.; esp. a 'prince' s court, royal palace,\a.^^x• 

la, at court, Virg. j Hor. B) Metoii. 1) A prince's 

power, dignity, Cic; qui turn aula et novo rege 
potiebatur, had great influence at court, Tac. 2) 
Court life, court, courtiers, caret invidenda 
a. sobrius, Hor. ; prona in eum a. Neronis ut simi- 
lem, the court, Tac. 

AUL^UM, i, n. ifxvKaCa.). I. A cover, hang- 

ivgs, canopy, euspensaa., Hor. II, £sp. A) 

The curtain before the scene in a theatre, a. tolli- 
tur, is drawn up (at the end of the piece), Cic. ; Ov. ;' 
a. mittitur, is dropped (at the beginning of the piece), 

Phaedr. B) Arras, tapestry, Virg.; Hor. 

C) All embroidered upper garment, Juv. 

AULERCI, orum, m. The Aulerci, a people 
of Gallia Celtica, divided into three branches : A. 
Kburovices or Eburonea, in the present Perche (the 
southeastern part of Normandy), Csa. ; A. Cenoma- 
ni, in the present Le Maine, Id, ; A. Brannovices, in 
mod. Le Briennais, CaiB. 

AULeTICUS, a, um (avXrjTiKos). Belonging 
to or fit for flute-playing, a. calamua, Plin. 

AULiCUS,a,ura(avA,tKdff,/roniau\^). Belong- 
ing to a prince's court, court-like, princely, 
a. apparatus, Suet 5m6s(., aulici, orum, m., Court- 
iers, Suet. ; Nep. 

AULIS, is, oridis,/. (AvAiV). Aulis, a sea-port 
town in Baotia, wheiice the Greek fleet sailed to Troy, 

AULCEDUS, i, m. (auXwSds). One who sings 
to the flute {on which another plays), Cic. 

AULON, onia, m. Aulon, a mountain famous 
for its fertility in vines, and an adjacent valley in 
Calabi-ia, Hor. 

AULtJLiRIA, 8B,/. (sc. coraoedia) (aulula). The 
title of a comedy of PlaiUus, the hero of which is a 
miser who has buried a pot of gold. 

AULUS, i, 771. Aulus, a Roman pranomen, usu- 
ally written A. 

AURA, ED [old gen. aurai, Virg.], /. (avpa, the 
breathing of air). A breeze, gentle gale, wind. 
I. Prop. A) nunc omnea terrent aurse, every breeze, 
Virg. ; a. aeria, Lucr. ; wind, omnes, ventosi ceci- 
derunt murmuria aurae, Virg. — B) Melon. 1) Air, 
breath, vivit et setherias vitales euscipit auraa, 
etherial vital air, Lucr. ; cnptare naribus auraa, to 
snvff or scent the breeze, Virg. ; assurgere in auras, 
to the air, toward heaven. Id. ; the Upper World, in 
opposition to the regions of the dead, Eurydice supe- 
raa veniebat ad auras, Virg. ; ferre alqd sub auraa. 
to bring to light, make known, Id. ; thus, reddere ad 
auras, to restore to the open air, Id. ; fugere auras, to 


shun the daylight. Id. 2) Air-like exhalations ; the 
splendor or lustre of light, gleam, glitter, Virg. ; 
sound, echo. Prop.; odor, vapor, er.halation, Virg,; 

Hor. II. Fig.: A current of air, breath 

of air, wind, air, totam opinionera parva non- 
numquam commutat a. rumoris, Cic; a. popula- 
ria, popular applause, Liv. ; Quint, (for this Cicero 
has ventus popularie) ; also. a. t'avoria popularia, 
Liv. ; libertatis auram captarc, to catch at every hope 
of liberty, to hope for liberty, Id. 

AURaRIUS, a, um (nurum), I. Of or belong. 

ing to gold, a. metalla, gold mines, Plin, 

II. Subst. A) aurariue, ii, m., A goldsmith, Juscr. 
— B) auraria,ifi,/. (sc. fodina), A gold mine, Tac. 

AURaTuRA, m.f. (aurum). Gilding, Quint. 

AURaTUS, a, um. I, Part, o/auro. II. Adj. 

A) Gilt or gilded, decked or ornamented 
with gold, a. tecta, Cic.;, a. milites, with golden 
shields, Liv. ; a. tempora, cooered with a golden hel- 
met, Virg. B) Of gold, golden, aJyra, Ov.^— 

C) Of a gold color, a. guita, Plin. 

AUReLiA, £6, or AURELIANUM, i, or AURE- 
LIANENSIS URBS. Aurelia, a town of Gaul, 
now Orleans. 

AURiCLIUS, a. Aurelius. I. A Roman family 
name ; for instance, L. Aureliua Gotta, M. Aurelius 

Antoninus, Sex, Aureliaa Victor. II. Adj. : A. 

Via, Cic; A. Lex, e. g. judiciaria. Id.; and, de 
ambitu, Id, ; A. tribunal, in the forum at Rome, Id. ; 
called also Gradua Aurelii, Id. ; Forum A., a town, 
of Etrnria on the Via A., near the present village of 
Cast ellacco, Cic. 

AUR£OLUS, a, um, dim. (aureua). I. Prop. A) 
Of gold, golden, a, anellua, Plant. Subst., au- 
reolus, i, m. (sc. numus), A gold coin. Mart. 

B) Gilded, gilt, Lucil. ap, Non. — C) Gold-col- 
ored, Varr. ll.Metaii.: Golden, splendid, 

excellent, aureolua et ad verbum ediscendua libel- 
lus, Cic 

AUREUS, a, um (aurum). I. Prop. A) Of gold, 
golden, a. patera, Plant.; a. corona, a military 
distinction, Liv,; a, numus, a gold coin, gold piece 
(worth about 17s. 8d. in Rome ; but according to the 
present value of gold, about S,\ Is.), Cic. Also, ah- 
sol. : aureus, i, m., Plin. ; Suet. Poet. : a. vis, the 
power of chaiiging every thing into gold, Ov. — B) 
Provided, ornamented, interwoven with 
gold, gilt or gilded, a. sella, Cic; a. Pactolus, 

with gold sand, Ov. C) Of a golden color^ 

golden, a. color, Lucr. ; a. cseaaries, Virg. ~ 

II. Meton.: Golden, beautiful, splendid, ex- 
cellent, a. Venus, Virg. ; a. copia, Hor.; a. a3ta8, 
the Golden Age, Ov. ; a. mediocritas, the golden 
mean, Hor. ; a. mores, good, Id. ; thus, a. puella, 
faithful. Id. 

AURICHALCUM. See Oeichalcum. 

AURlCOMUS, a, um (aurum, coma). With 
golden or gold-colored hair, Val. Fl. Poet.: 
That has golden foliage, Virg, 

AURlCtJLA, m,fdim. (auris). I. The earlap, 
flap of the ear, auriculum fortasae mordicus 

abstulisset, Cic. II. Meton. Gen.: The ear, 

Auct, Her, ; Hor. 

AURIFER, era, erum (aurum, tero). Carry- 
ing gold, "bearing gold, a. amnis, i. e. Pacto- 
lus, Tib, ; a. arbor, i, e. bearing golden apples (in the 
garden of the Hesperides), Cic. popt. 

AURIFEX, icia, m. (aurum, i'aciu). A worker 
in gold, goldsmith, Cic. 



AURf-FGDlNA, eb,/. (nurutn). A gold mine, 

AURlGA, te, r.omm. (iiuren, ago: prop, he who has 
thertiiis ; heiicii) I. A char toiecr, drivtr, wag- 
o Iter, Vifg. ; Hot. la the. fan., Virg. For a carl- 

boy, sLable-boy, stah le-groom, Yiig. II, 

Meton. A) 7"A« name of a coustellalio?}, Auriga, Cic. 
B) Po-t.fnr a s leersmav, pilot, Ov. 

AUKKiARlUri, ii, m.,/*:»raiiriga. A charioteer 
in lIlp Ludi Circt-nses, Suut, 

AUKiGaTIO, onis,/. (amigo). A driving in 
a chariot, riuet. 

AURiGeNA, ee, m. (aurum, gigno). Gold-be- 
gotten, n poeL vpithpi of Ptrsens, O v. 

AURiGER,era, eium (nurum. gero). Bearing 
or wear ill g gold, a. taurus, with golden horns, 
Ciu. poet. 

AURiGO, lu. 7?. (aiiriga). I. To drive a char- 
iot, to be a charioteur, Plin.; Suet. II. 

Fig.: To guide, direct, ducentibua stellis et 
auriirantibiis, Gell. 

AURIIJiA, ai,/. Aurinia, a Germanic prophet- 
ess, I'ac. 

AUlilS. is,/, (fn Lacoji. avs, in Dor. Si'y=iovs ; 
G(rm. Ohr, Engl. ear). The ear {usually pliir., 
as a pair). I, Prop. : aures quum 8(jnum percipere 
debeant. Cic; dare aures suas iilcui, to lend an car 
to oite, listen to. Id. ; thus, praebere aures, Liv. ; eri- 
gere auies, to np out's ears, listen attentively. 
Id.; accipi-'re auribus alqd, to hear. Id.; dare alqd 
auribua ulcjs, to gratify the cars, to speak to another's 
viilt, Treb. ap. Cic. ; admonere alqm ad aurem, .se- 
cretiy to remind or admonish one, Id. ; in aurem, in 
nure, ad aurein, dicere alqd, to whisper in ont^s ear, 
Hor. ; aurem vellere, to pull the car, i. e. to admon- 
ish, remind, Virg. ; aurem pervellere, t/ie same. 

Sen. Poet, for a hearer, auditor, Hor, II. 

The mould- board or earth- board of a plough, 

AURISCALPIUiM, ii, n. (auris.acalpo). An ear- 
picker. Mart. 

AURlTDLUS, i. m. (auritus). One that has 
lon^ ears, an ass, Jackass, PhEedr. 

AURlTUS, «, um (auris). I. A) Furnished 
with ears, Virg. Subsf., auritus, 1, m., A hare, 

Avien. B) Meton. ]) Listening, attentive, 

Hor.; testis a., an ear-witness, Plaut. 2) Pass.: 

Heard, a. leges, Prud II. Having the 

form of an car, a. aduncitas rostri, Plin. 

AUROliA, o'.f. (aupios (iipa, or auiea hora). I. 
The redness of the dawn, morning dawn, 
break of day, Hercules ad primam aurornm som- 
noexcitu.^ lAv. When personified. The Goddess 
of the Morning, 'H109, wife of Tithonus and 

mother of Memnon, Ov. ; Virg. 11. Mfton. A) 

The East, Ov. B) The inhabitants of the 

East, ('laud. 

AURUM, i, n. (aCpov, from avia, to shine). I. 
Gold, a. ct argenluin in urbilius, Cic; n. habere, 
to possess, Id. Prov.: monies auri poUiceri, to 

prnmisp largely, Tqt. II. Melon. A) Golden 

vessels or utensils, gold plate, Lucr. ; a golden 
gnhlef, Vii'g. ; Ov. ; a goldrn chain, Ov. ; a golden 
ring. Jnv. : a golden bit. Virg. ; a golden clasp, Id. ; 

a golden fleece., Ov. B) Coined gold, gold 

coin, vide quaaso. ne qua lacuna sit in auro, Cic. 
— C) The color of gold, gleam or bright- 
ness an of gold, Ov, — D) PoeU: The Golden 
Age, Hor. 



AURUNCA, sd,f. Aurunca, a town of the Au- 
runci, oftfrward Suessa, noio Sessa, Juv. 

AURUNCI, oruin, m. The Aurunci, an old 
Italian people, Plin.; Virg. Adj.: Of or belong- 
ing to the A., A. patres, Virg. 

AUSCULTaTiO. onis,/. (ausculto). I. A he-ark- 
en in g, listening, Sen. -11. Esp.: An obey- 
ing, Plaut. 

AUSCULTaTOR, 6ris,m. (ausculto). I. A hear- 
er, hearkener, listener, Cic. II. Esp.: He 

who obeys, App. 

AUSCULTO, I V. intr. (for auriculito,/rom auri- 
cula). To listen to a person or thing. I. Gen.. 

To hear, hearken, listen, Plaut.; Ter. 

II. E!^p. A) To give ear, credit, assent to a 

thing, Plaut. B) To hear in secret, overhear, 

hearken, listen, Plaut. C) a. a.\cu.i, to hearken 

to any one, to obey, mihi ausculta, Cic 

AUSER, erie, m. (A.v<ra.p). Auser, a tributary 
river of the Arnus in Etruria, now Serchio, Plin. 

AUSiITaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
the town Ansa, in Hispania TarracoiicTisis, Ause- 
tanian, A. aaer, Liv. 


AUSONA, as,/. A u son a, an ancient town of the 
Ausoiies, near Minturna, Liv. 

AUr^uNES, um, m. (AvtroveO- The Ausdnes, 
a primitive people of Central and Lower Italy. 

AUriONi.4, EB,/. (Autrofia). Aiisonia, Lower 
Italy, (Jv. Poet, gen., for Italy,\irg. 

AUSONiD^, arum, m. The inhabitants of 
A nsonia, Virg. Poet, gen., for The inhabit 
ants of Italy, Virg. 

AUSONIS, idis, f. Ausonian: Poet., Italian, 
Ov. ^ 

ArSuMIUS, a, uin. Of or belonging to 
the Ansones, kusonian, Plin. Poet, gen., for 
Italian, Roman, Virg.; A. aula, the imperial 
court. Mart. Subst., Aueonii, orum, m., /or Ausones, 

AUSPEX. icis, comm. (a contracted form for avi* 
spex, from avis, specio). I. A soothsayer, di- 
viner by the fight, singing, or feeding of birds, la- 
tores et a. legis curiatiE, Cic II. Meton. A) A 

person that makes preparations for a marriage, a 
match-maker, 7rapai/vju.<^to9, etiam nunc nuptia- 

rum auspices declarant, Cic. B) A protector, 

favorer, leader, director, Hor.; Virg. C) A 

com men cement, Pacat D) Adj.: Fortunate, 

favorable. Claud. 

AUSPiCaLIS, e. Belonging to or serving 
for soothsaying or divination, a. pisciculue, 

AUSPiCaTO, adv. I. After taking the au- 
spices, Romulus a. urbem condidiase traditur, 

Cic II. Melon.: Prosperously, in good 

hour or time, auspiciously, Ter. 

AUSPICaTUS, a, um. I. Consecrated and 

hallowed by auguries, a. in loco, Cic. 

II. Meton. A) Commenced, begun, helium male 
a.. Just — B) Fortunate, favor able^Q.. omina, 

AUSPICaTUS, as, m. A taking of the au- 
spices. Plin. 

AUSPlCiUM. li, n. (auspex). Divination by 
observing the flight, &c., of birds, auspice, augu- 
T ij, Cic. ; habere a., to have the right of taking au- 
spices (in the time of peace all public authorities Had 
thin right ; in the time of jce-r, the cmnmandcr-in-chiff 

alonp)y Id. ; lAv. ; facere a., of the birds, to give a 

prnphe.ih toftp.ii, lAv.; thus, ratntn h. fni;ere, in gioe 
' afa-iuirahtti om-./i . II. Meion. A) Gtu.: A siifu, 

tolcKii, J'ln-Ktnktv, oJiieii, lulmyn siniatrum n. 
optiiniiui habtjinus, Cic. Port,: cui (diviti) si viti- 
osa' libido lecerit a., gims a token, imuies to ckaitge. 

Hot'. B) ]) M-'iit.: The chief command, mill- 

tf.A liuiitu Hii^pioioque ejus. Liv. ; ductu Germatiici, 
auspii-iid Tiberii, T«c. 2) Still more geiit^al: Fan- 
cij. wiil, pleas nrc, Vir''. — C) A beginning, 
auspiciu b«lli a pHrriciilio incipientes. Just. 

AUril'iCO, \ for auspicor. To take the an-, Phiut.; a. mustelara, to take an omen frovi, 


AUSPICOR, 1 V. de-p. (nuspex). I. To take the 
auitpi'-ts, a. est oblitus, Cic; Fabio nuspicarjti 
aves noil ad.lixere, Liv.- - - II. Milton. A) To be- 
gin, undertake a thing for the sake of a 
favorah Le portent, to commence for the 
sake, of lurk, auapicHodi gratia tribunal ingr«3- 

Pim, TttC b) G'iii.: To begin, undertake a 

thing, huino n siippliciis vitaiii auHpicatiir, Flin. ; 
a. gradum Kenittoriuiii pur raihtiam. to obtain ad- 
jni-ia'iin to the Annate by military services, Sen. : With 
inf.; a cjintare, rfuet. 

AUSTKR, tri, m. I. The south wind (opp. 

aquilo, the north wind), a. vehemens, Cic. II. 

Mr.ton.: Thesouth country, the south, Cic. 

AUSTeRK. nrfw. Severely, rigidly, aus- 
terely, agit mecura a., Cic. 

AUriTKltlTAS, atia,/. (austerus). Harshness, 
aitsteriry I. Prop. A) Of Jiavor : a. vini, Plin. 

B) Melon. Of culor : Dingijiess, darkness, 

Plin. II. Fii.'.: Severity, rigor, a. magistri 

(iipp. comitH-'), Quint. 

AUS'l'KHUiS, a, um (auoTtjpd?). Harsh, tart, 
sour. I. Prop. A) Of jlanor : vinum niffi'ura a., 
Cels. ; vinum austerisdimum, Seiib. B) Melon. 

1) Ofsmdl: iSffron^, balsHini aiicus odore a., Plin. 

2) Of color : Dark, dingy, coloresa., Plin. 

IL Fig. A)' Secere, rigorous, strict, auaterior 

et gravior esse potiiisset, Cic. B) Of things with- 

o tit life. 1) Ofepeich: Serious, stern, grave, 
hardh., ut euavitatom habeat austeram et solidam, 
non dulcein atque decnctam, a harsh and firm, not 
a sweet and insipid delicacy (j-he. fiifure is borrowed 
from wine), Cic. 2) Of a. style of building: Harsh, 
in oppaaitiun to pleasing, pleasant, a. maluit genere 
quam jucundo placere, I'lin. 3) Of circu.m.itance.s : 
Earnest, sad, gloomy, disagreeable, irk- 
somp, a. labor, Hor. 

AUSTRA.LIS, e (auster). Southward, south- 
ern, a. regio, Cic. ; n. cinirulus, the tjjrrid zone, and 
a. ora, the same. Id. ; a. pulus, the south, pole, antarc- 
tic pole, Ov. 

AUriTRlNUS, a, um (auster). Southern, a. 
caliUt'S, Virg. ; a. dies, on which the south wind 
bhtrs, Plin. ; a. vertex, the sonih pole, Id. Subst., 
Austrina, orum, m. (sc. loca). The so ut her Jt 
countries or regions, a. Cypri, Plin. 

AUriUM, i, 71. (audeo). A daring attempt,, a 
bold def.d, Virg.; Ov, 

AUSUS, a, um, part, ofcmdeo. 

AUT (ax/T€, Sanacr. uta), conj. I. Gen.: Or; 
repeated several times, aut. .iiut, either . .or ; part- 
ly .■ partly, Cic. &c. fVe tinmetimes find two, dis' 
janctiees with aut . . aut. together : assentior Cras- 
so, DC n dp C. LiBlii a. de hujud generi a. arte a. 
gloria dfjtrahana, Cic. In <negalive sentences far 

neque..neque : nequc enim sunt a. obscura a. non 
inulta post commistiu, Cic. Poa. .- aut . . vel. and 
vt;l . . aut, Jor aut . . aut. or vcl . . vel, Ov. ; Mart. 
Alsop.tet.: neque . . aut ^'cr nuque . , uoqufj, Virg. ; 

Hor.— II. JBsp. A) It iUuslrales or mrrecis a too 

gp.mral or incorrect (tasertion : Or rat hi- r, or, or 
strictly s peaking, de homuium geiuTe, a. om- 
nino de aniinalium luquor, Cic. — B) Rct^trictiaely, 
for comieciing sumetlung less important with some- 
thing more important: Or yet, or also, or at 
lea s', qua^ro, nuin injuste a. im probe fecerit. Cic. ; 
profecto cuncti a. magna pars Siccenslum tidem 
mutavisaeiit. Sail. — C) F'/ralioquin: Otherwise, 
or else, or, nunc manet iasontem gravis exitus : 
a. ego veri vana I'eror, Virg. 

AUTl^^M (au for ab, oj)'. Sanscr. api, but, and 
tern, timi-), conj. Subjoins something different or 
eutirdy opposite: Bnt, on the other hand, on 
the contrary, yt:t, however, sometimes an em- 
phatic and; (it stands always after one or more 
words). J. Gen. : ego hie cesso, quia ipse nihil 
scribe : lego a. libeuti.'^sime, Cic. It is also repeat- 
ed several timrs ; and in .poetry we sometimes find 
Bed a. connected, Virg. ; and ast a., Cic. poet. ap. 

Prise. II. Esp. A) For subjoining a word re- 

peat-'d from the foregoing sentence : ndmoncri me 
Satis est. Admunebit a. nemo alius niei reipubl. 
tt^mpus, Cic— B) For resuming .a sentence {inter- 
rnpted by a partntlusis), Cic, etc. C) For annex- 
ing a parenthesis. Cic, etc. D) /// enumerations, 

for annexing somet/dng more wci§luy ; magnus di- 
cendi labor, magna res, magna dignitas, summa a. 

gratia, Cic. E) 7'o annex an impassioned question: 

But, however {(lie GreekSij), quomodo n. mo veri 
animus ad appetendum potest, Cic. Thus especial- 
ly in corritctive questions. F) In syllogisms, to sub- 

join the minor, like atque and atqui : aut hoc, aut 
illud : hoc II. non : igitur illuc, Cic, 

AUTHEPSA, re, J. {avOeipTj^, from hvtos, €\}/<o, a 
self boiler). A machine for boiling or cook- 
ing, Cic. 

AUT0GRAPHU3, a, um {a-vroy pantos). Writ- 
ten with one's own hand, a. epistola. Suet. 
Subst., autographum.i, 71., An autograph, Symm. 

AUTOLyCUS. i, m. (AvtoAukos). A utolycns, 
son of Mercury, maternal grandfather of Ulysses, a 
very dextrous lliicf, Ov. Melon., of a Ikiecish per- 
son. Plant 

AUTOMiTUS, -UM (os, -on) (avT6p.aro<;). I. 
That acts of itself, spoiitaneon s, Petron. 
II. Subst., automaton or um, i. n., A s elf- 
mo vinff^ machine, tiutomatoit. Suet. 

AUT5MEDON.ontis,77i (A-uTo/xe'Swi/). \. Autom- 

edon, the ctiarioleer of Achilles, Virg. 11. Me- 

ton.ffe.n.: A charioteer, Cic; Juv,,/. (AuToi'OTj). Antonoe, adaugh- 
ter of Cadmus, mother of Actaon, Ov. 

AUTONOeiUS. a, um. Of or belonging to 
Anton o e, A. heros, i. e. Actaon, Ov. 

AUTOR, AUTORITAS. &c. See Auctok, &c. 

iS'ee AucT. 

AUTt5MO, 1 7J. n. (from aitumo./rom nio; orig. 
to say yes (opp. ncgo, to say no) ; hence) I. To as- 
sert, state, say, believe, factum hie esse id non 

negat, et deinde facturum autumat. Ter. • — II. 

^sp. : To call, ab Elissa Tyria, quara quidam 
Dido autumant, Carthago conditur, Veil. 


AUVONA.aB,/. Auvona, ariver of BrUain,tkc \ 
A -iin. Thc. I 

AUXILiaRIS, e (auxilium). I. Ready to help, 
a i fling, helping, a. unda;, Ov. ; a. Cftrmen, a 

ma^lc formula, spell, Id. II. Enp. MiUt. A) a. 

mil'itea, cohortes, &c., auxiliary or subsidiary troops 
{often opp. to legiones), a. cohortes, Ctes. AbsoL, 
auxiliures, Ctes. He/ice — B) Adj.: Of or b e- ^ 
longing to auxiliary troops, a. stipendia, | 

AUXILtARiUS, n, urn (auxilium). Ready to \ 
help, aiding, helping. I. Gm.: magis consil- . 

iarius amicus quam a., Plaut. II. Milii. : a. ■ 

miles, cohors. auxiliary or subsidiary troops, a. co- 
liors, Cic. ; Soil. ; Liv. ; a. miles (opp. legionarius), 
As. Pollio ap. Cic. 

AUXiLIaTOR, oris, m. A helper, assistant, 
litigantium a., Quint. 

AUXILiaTUS, u8, m. A helping, aiding, 

AUXiLfO, are, rare for auxilior. 

AUXiLIOR, 1 V. dep. (auxilium). To lend aid, 
kelp, assist, c. ant., mihi auxiliari, Cic. In sick- 
ness: To aid, relieve, heal, V\m. 

AUXILIUM, ii, n- (augeo). Help. aid. 1. Gen.: 
a. ferre alcui, Cic. In theplur.: Remedy, expe- 
dient, Liv.; Quint. U. A) Milit. 1) Auxil- 
iary or subsidiary forces or troops {usually 
in the plur.), tueri sex legiones et magna equitum 
ac peditura a., Cic. In the sing., Tac. ; Ov. 2) 
Gen.: Military force or ^ owe r, infirmis auxil- 

iis proficisci non dubitaverat, Cais. B) la Medic. : 

A remedy, medicament, omne a. corporis, Cels. 

AUXIM, is, it, &.C. See Augeo. 

AUXiMaTES, iuni. The inhabitants of 
Auximnm, Cses. 

AUXiMUM, i, 71. Auximum, a town of the Pi- 
ceni, now Osinto, Cass. 

XVaRE, adv, Avaricionsly, covetou.ily, 
greedily, nihil a., nihil injuste facere, Cic. Corn- 
par., a. exigere opus, severely. Col. SuperL, Sen. 

i VARICENSIS, e. Of or belonging to Ava- 
ricum, A. praimia. Cffis. 

AVARrCUM, i, n. Avaricum, a town of Gallia, 
now Bo ursrea, Cies. 

iVXRITER, ado. Avariciously, covetous- 
ly, greedily, Plaut. 

AVaRiTIA, te, /, (avarus). An insatiable 
desire of any thing, avarice, covetou sn ess, 
greediness, selfishness [op2>. abstinentia], est 
autem a. opinalio vehemens de pecunia, Cic; a. 
hians et imminens, a greedy covetousness. Id. Of 
gluttony, Plaut ; a. glorite, immoderate desire of 
glory, ambition. Curt In the plur. : omnes avari- 
tiffi, all sorts of selfishness, Cic. 

XVaRiTiES, ei, /./or avaritia. Avarice, Lucr. 

XVaRUS, a, um [Gen. plur. fern., nvarum for av- 
araram, Plaut J (aveo). Eagerly desirotis, 
greedy, covetous, avaricious, a. et furax 
homo, Cic. . Compar., Cic. SuperL, Cic. Pnet., 
without a bad accessory idea : Graii prieter laudem 
nuUius avari, covetous of glory alone, Hor. 

AVE. See Aveo. 

A-VKHO (abveho), exi, ectum, 3 v. a. To car- 
ry off or away, a. dona domos, Liv. Poet., with, 
an ace. of goal, Virg. Pass.: To drive, ride, 
sail away or off, avectua {sc. equo) ab euis, Liv, 

AVELLA, AVELLANUS. See Abklla, Abel- 




A-VELLO, elli, or ulsl, ulsum, 3 v. a. To tear 
away, pull or rend off or away, \. Prop. A) 
poraa ex arboribus. si cruda sunt, vix avelluatur, 
Cic; sibi avelli jubet spiculum, to be drawn or 

taken out. Id. B) Fig.: morbus et legrotatio, 

quai avelli inveterata nun possunt {from the mind), 

Cic. II. Muon.: To separate from a thing 

by pulling, to part, to remove forcibly, num eti- 
am de matris hunc complexu avellet? Cic. 

IVkNA, je, /. I. h) Oats {Fant. Graminea), 

Col.; Virg.; Hor. B) Esp.: Wild oats, weed, 

Cic. II. Meton. A) Gen.: Any stalk or reed, 

gracili a., Plin. ; disparibus avenis, Ov. — B) A n 
oaten pipe, pastoral pipe, Virg. 

aVeNaCkUS, a, um (aveoa). Of oats, oaten, 
a. farinn, Plin. 

AVeNaRiUS, a. um. Of or belonging to 
oats, a; cicada, Plin. 

AVENiO (Avennio), onis, ^. Avenio, a town of 
Gallia Narbanensis, now Avignon, Mel.; Plin. 

or belonging to Mount Aventinua, VaL 

AVENTINUM, i, n. See Aventinub. 

aVENTiNUS, i, m. (Aventinum, i, n., Liv.). L 
The Avenline, one of the seven hills of Rome, be- 
tWHe7i the Palatine and Ccelian kills, first made a part 
of the town by Ancus Marcius, Cic; Liv.; Virg. 
II. Aventinus, a son of Hercules, Virg. 

aVENTINUS, a, um. Of or b elonging to 
Mount Avenlinus, k. jugum. Otf. 

aVeO (hav.), ere, v. n. {Sanscr. av, to desire). 
To be very desirous, desire ear7iestly,long 
for, crave after ; commonly with, ait inf. or a rel- 
ative clause: valde aveo scire quid agas, Cic. With 
ace. : a. genus legationia, Id. 

aVkO (hav.), ere, v. n. To be in good health, 
be well, be k app y ; it is found as a salutation only, 
used bulk at meeting and in taking leave, in tfie im- 
per., ave, or inf., avere, Be thou well', be thou 
happy! hail! all kail! farrwell ! Cftsar, ei- 
mul atque have mihi dixit statim exposuit, &c., 
had saluted me, Coel. ap, Cic. ; haveto, farewell, 
Cato ap. Sail.; thus,h&ve, iJi taking leave of a dead 
person, CatuU. ; Marcus avere jubet, sends you his 
love. Mart. 

aVERNaLIS, e. Of or belonging to Lake 
Avernus. A. aquge, Hor. 

AVERNUS, i, m., or A. LACUS. Avernus. \. 
A place and lake of Campania, near Cumee, Baus, 
and Piiteoli, exhaling a pestilential vapor; accord- 
ing to fable, the entrance into the infernal regions; 
near it was a cavern in which the CamtBan Sibyl 
dwelt; now Lago d'Averno, Averni lucus, Cic; 

Avernus, Virg. IL Meton. Poet.: for The 

infernal regions, Ov. 

AVERNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Lake Avernus ; and poet., to the infernal 
regions, A. luci, Virg.; A, valles. Ov. ; A. (reta, 
i. e. Avernus laciie. Virg. AbsoL: Averna, orum, 
n.. The country near Lago d'Averno, Iii. 
Of the infernal reg~ions: A. stagna, Id.; A. louo, 
Ov. ; A. Juno, i. e. Proserpina, IdT 

A-VERRO, erri, ere, v. a. To sweep away or 
off, cara pisces nverrere mensa, Hor. 

A-VERRUNCO, are [old forms, flvcrruncassint 
/or averruncent Poc. ap. Varr. ; inffui., averrun- 
cBSsere, Id.]. A religious 1. 1. : To avert anyUutig 
evil, foref end, dii averruncent, Attic op. Cic. 


XVERSaBILIS, e. Abomi?iahle, Lucr. 

aVERSaTJO, onis, /. (aversor). A turning 
from, aversion, reluctance, tacita a., Quint. 

AVERSiO, onis,/. (averto). A turning from 
or away. I. Gen. adverb. : ex a., turned away, back- 

ward, Auct. B, Hisp. II. Esp. A) In Law: 

per n. or aversione emere, vendere, locare, (fee. to 
buy. sell, lease, &c. (witkout making' a particular cal- 
culntion) in. a lump. Dig. — B) In Rliet. : A turn- 
ing from the proper subject, Q.mnt. C) Dislike, 

aversion. Diet. Cret. 

aVERSOR, Iv.iaiens. (ftverto). I. Absol: To 
turn one* s self away from, turn the back 

upon any thing, a. advocati, Cic. —II. A. alqm 

or alqd, to turn away from on e^ a self reject, 
refuse, shun, abominate a person or thing, 
consul aversatua (filium), sending away, not admit- 
ting, Liv. Pass.: vultus aversatus, turned uway, 
Aur. Vict. 

aVERSOR, oris, m. (averto). A pilferer, pnr- 
loiner, embezzler, Verres ille vetus a. pecuniee 
publico. Cic. 

aVERSUS, a, urn. I. Fart, o/ averto. 11. 

Adj.: Turned away, i. e. A) Prop. Of place (opp. 
adversua) : On or toward the side turned 
away or back, i, e. on or toward the back 
side, behind, fro7Ti behiiid, et adversus et a. 
irapudicua es, before and behind, Cic. ; ne aversi ab 
hoate circumvenirentur./rom behind, Caea. ; hostem 
a. videre, i. e. the flemig enemy. Id. ; aversoa boves 
caudis in speluncam traxit, backward, Liv, Subst., 
aversa, crura, n.. The back part, per a. urbia fu- 
gam dederat, Liv. ; a. insulse, the opposite part. Id. 

B) Fig. 1) Titrned away, remote, distant, 

militea a. a prcelio, marched off, retired, Ca38. 2) Of 
the disposition of the mind: Opposite, averse, 
disinclined, disaffected, hostile; usually 
with ab : quia potest ease tarn a. a vero, tarn prai- 
CRps ? &c., Cic. With dat. .- averaua mercaturie, 
Hor. Absol.: amici a., alienated, at variance, Hor. 

A-VERTO (vort), ti, sum, 3 v. a. To turn off 
or away, avert. 1. Prop. A) Gi:n.: nos flumina 
arcemua, dirigimus, avertimua, turn off, Cic. ; a. ab 
Aran, to turn from, Cees. ; a. se, to turn one^s self 
away, Cic. Poet, with an ace. of the goal, Virg. 
With dat.. Prop. In the middle sense: To turn 
one's self off or away, ilia solo fixos oculoa 
aversa tenebat, averted, Virg. ; thus, with ace. ; equua 
fontes avertitur, turns itseif away from-. Id. ; and, in 
the same meaning simply avertere as v. neut. : dixit 
et avertens rosea cnrvice refiilsit, turning away, 
Virg. B) Esp.: To purloin, carry off, em- 
bezzle, steal, a. pecuniam publicara, Cic. II. 

Fig- A) Gen.: To turn away, detain, keep 
off, ward off tu velim a me animum parumper 
Rvertaa, Cic. ; thus, quod dii omen avertant, which 
the gods forbid, 16.. — B) Esp. 1) To turn, divert 
from an action, intention, or circumstance, qui 
mentem optimi viri a defeiiaioue mesB salutia aver- 
terent, Cic. 3) In the mind: To turn off, al- 
ienate, estrange, a. civitatea ab amicitia alcjs, 

AVfA. 8e,/(avu3), A) A grandmother, Plaut 
— B) Metmr- : An old prejudice, Pers. 

XVIaRIUM, ii, n. (avis). I. A place where do- 
mestic fowls are kept, bird-house, aviary, Cic. 

il. Any place in a wood where birds resort, 

haunt or resort of wild birds, Virg. 

XVIaRIUS, a, urn (nvia). L Of or belonging 


to birds or fowls, bird, a. rete, a fowler's net, 

Varr. II. Subst., aviarius, ii, m., A fowler, 

bird-catcher, Col. 

iVSEDE, adv. Eagerly, greedily, a. arripere 
literas Grajcaa, Cic. Compar., Liv. Superl., Cic. 

IVIDiTAS, atia, /. (avidus). I. Eageruess, 
desire (ingood or bad sense), quod mihi aermonia 
aviditatem auxit, Cic. U. Esp. A) A greedi- 
ness for money, avarice, ad quaa plerique in- 
flammati aviditate rapiuntur, Cic. — B) Hunger, 
appetite, Plin. 

XViDUS, a, um. Longing for (in good or 
bad sense), passionately desiring, desirous, 
eager; mostly with gen. or absol. I. Gen.: avidi' 
laudia, Cic. Absol. : ita aunt avidiB (aurea meua), 
Cic. ; rarely with in with ace. : avidte in direptionea 

manua, Liv, II. Esp. A) Eager to possess any 

thing, covetous, greedy of money, avari- 
cious, grati animi, non avidi signa prot'erre, Cic; 

a. manus heredis, Hor. B) Desirous of food, 

hurigry, convivaa a., Hor. C) Of things: In- 
satiable, a. mare, Lucr.; a. ignia, Ov. D) Of 

space: Large, wide, Lucr. 

XViENUS, i, m. Avienus, a Roman name. 
Thus, Rnfua Festua A., a Roman poet in the latter 
half of the fourth century. 

IVIS, is,/, {abl. sing, more often avi than ave). 
I. A bird, ista avi (aquila) volat nulla vehemen- 
tius, Cic. Of bees, Varr. Prov. : a. alba, for a rare, 

unusual thing, Cic. II. Esp.: An ominous 

or prophetic bird, aecundis Vtw'xhxiB, with a favor- 
able omen. Liv. ; avi mala, with a bad omen, Hor. 

XVlTUS, a, um (avua). I. Belonging to a 
grandfather, paternajatquea. posseaaionea, Cic. 
II. Gen.: Old, ancient, a. merum, Ov. 

A-ViUS, a, um (ai, via). I. A) Situate apart 
or at a distance from a road, out of the 
way, unfrequented [devius, leading out of the 
way ; inviue, having no way], nocturnia et a. itineri- 
bua, side-marches, Sail. Poet, of one that is out of 

the way, is led astray, Virg. B) Subst., avium, ii, 

71., An out-of-the-way place, a pathless 
place, per avia prasibat, Tac. With gen. : a. aal- 

tuum, Id. II. Fig.: Erroneous, aviua a vera 

ratione erraa. Lucr. 

A VOC AMENTUM, i, n. (avoco). A means of 
diversion or recreation, Plin. E. 

aVOCaTiO, onis,/. A calling away, di- 
verting the Ihoughts from cares. Sec, dicer- 
si nn, Cic. 

A-V5C0, 1 V. a. To call off or away. I 
Prop.: a. partem exercitus ad Vulscum bellum, 
Liv. ; a. alqm alcui, to call away from one, Mea-sal. 
ap. Gell. ; a. arma, in fighting, to mnlte a feint, Guint. 

11, Fig. A) Gtn.: To withdraw, remove, 

Socratea videtur primus a rebus occultia avocasse 
pMloaophiam, Cic. — B) Esp. 1) To turn or di- 
vert from an action, intention, and the like, pre- 
vent, kinder, ne metus quidem a fcedisairais fac- 
tia potest a., Cic. 2) To distract, disturb one's 
attention or occupation, itegotia. quaa avocant am 
mum. Plin. E. ; a. se. to amuse one's self. Am. 

A-V5L0. 1 V. n. To fly away. I. Prop. : au- 

apicanti puUos avolasse, Suet. II. Meton.: To 

flee or hasten away, pass away quickly 
[opp. advolare, to hastm to], experiar certe, ut hinc 
avolem, Cic. ; Critoni non pereuaai, me hinc avola- 
turum, i. e. / shall die, id. ; voluptaa a., flies away, 



aVULSOR, aria, m. (avello). One that tears 
off, PI in. 

AVULSUH, a. um. part. «/ avello. 

XVUNCi5LUd, i, m. (avus). I. A viothcr's 
brnl.ker, mater jial uncle [patruus, a father's 
brother], Cic. ; a. inngnus, a grandmother's brothtr, 
grmi mule; H.mfiior, a great grandmother's brother, 
great-great iivcle, Dig.; but also for a. magnus, a 

great njide. Veil. —U. Mctoji. A) For a. major, 

A great-great uncle, Tac. B) The hus- 
band nf a mother' a sister, Sen. 

A.V\]:^, i, VI. {akin lo Hebr. ab, father). I. A 

grandfather, Cic; Hor. 11. Mfton. A) An 

avccstor, forefather, £ior. ; Ov. B) An old 

man, .41bin. 

aXkNUS (afecos). Inhospitable. A. Pontus, 
the former iiame of the Ponlus Euxinus, Ov. 

AXiCiA, aj,/. (asseco). A pair of scissor s, 

AXiCOLUS (assic), i. dim. (axis). I. A small 

axle-tree, Vitr. IL A plug, Vitr. Ul.A 

small pole. Col. 

AXILLA (Germ. Achsel, Icel. auxl), ancieiit 
fornVA. An armpit, Cic. Hence, Fr. aisseWe. 

AXIM. axit. Spe. Ago, at the beginning. 

AXINOMANTiA, ffi,/. (a^Li'o^tai'Tei.'a). A divi- 
nation or soothsaying by axes, Plin. 

AXioMA, atis, n. (aftw/i-o,). A principle, 
fundamental truth, axiom, App. 

AXIS tHSsia), is, m. {a^av). I. A) An axle-tree, 
ab axibus rorarum, Liv. — B) 1) Melon, poet., for 
A car, wagon, in gen., Ov. 2) The arbor or 
axis of a clepsiidra, Vitr. 3) The earth's axis, 
Cic. Hfucc, Meton. a) a) The pole, a. meridia- 
nus,Vitr. p) Esp.: The north pole, Cic; 
Virg. b) The whole heavens. Ov. ; Virg. ; sub 
axe, in the open air, Id. c) A climate, a. hespe- 
rius, ihetDcsl, Ov. ; a. boreus, the north. Id. 4) The 
pill Or hook ov which the hinge of a dtior turns, 
Stat. 5) The valve of a pump, Vitr. 6) A pale, 
stake, beam, Luc. 7) In Ardiit. : axes voluta- 

rum. tile axes of the volutes, Vitr. 11. A board 

or plan h. Cms. 

AXiUS, ii, m. C'Al'ios). Axius, a river of Mace- 
donia, now Vardar, Liv. 

AX5NA, to, /. Axona, a river of Gaul, now 
A isnp, CffiS. 

AXUNGiA, ffi. / (axis, ungo). Grease for the 
axlr-trecH nf wheels, Plin. 

AXURUS. See Anxub. 

BXB.^ or PXP.E, iiiterj. (fia^aC or iranaC). 
An exclnmolion denoting astonishm^itt and joy: 
Stranjre! wnnderfu 1 1 Plant.; Ter. 

BaByLO, finis, m. {perhaps of Babylon, a Babylo- 
nian, foreignefr). A hanker, Ter. 

Bj(B?LON, oiiis \Gr. gen. Babylonos, Claud.; 
ace. Btihylonfi, Prop.],/. (BajSuAui.). Babylon, 
thv. metropolis of Babylonia and Assyria, on /he Eu- 
phrates : its ruins are near the mo'dera Hille, in 
Irak Ainhi. Cic. 

BAByI.uNIA. te, /. (BajSuA.wi'ia). Babylonia. . 
I. A province of Syria, between the Enphrate.s and \ 
Tigris ; somrlimes for Sijria, Assyria, and Mesopo- 
tamia, nolo Irak Arabi, Mel.; Plin. IL The\ 

city of Babylon, Juet. ! 



BXBJL6NICUS, a, iim./or Babylonius. Baby- 
Ionian, B. peristroinala, cavers, tapestry, shillfiiUy 
embroidered with figures, Plaut.; also simply called 
Babylonica, Drum, Lucr. ; rarely in the sing., Baby- 
lonicum, Publ. Syr. ; B. doctrina, astrology, Lucr. 

BaByLoNiENSIS, e, for Babylonius. Babylo- 
n ian, B. miles, Plaut. 

BaByLoNiUS, a, um. Babylonian, S. Eu- 
phrates, Ov. ; B. numeri, i. e. dir.ination by the stars, 
Hor. ; B. suboles, expert in astrology. Prop. SnhsL, 
Babylonii, orum, 7n., The Babylonians, Cic. 
5i//^. /em., ^Babylonia, A Babylonian woman, 

EACCA (baca), f«,/. L A) A berry, Ov.; Virg, 

B) Esp.: An olive-berry, Cic. W.Meton. 

A) Any round fr nit tliat grows upon a tree (m 
opposition to tuber.<! tliat grow in. the ground), arbo- 
res, quarum aspiciet baccam ipse numquam, Cic. 

B> Of things slmped like berries. 1) A pearl, 

Hor.: Ov. 2j Bung of goats, Pall. 

BACCaLIS, e (bacca). That bears berries, 
b. laurus, Plin. 

BACC.ITUS, a, um (bacca, IL, B., 1). Made of 
pearls, adorned with pearls, b. monile, Virg. 

BACCHA [anciently BacaJ. te, / (Bacchus). A 
Bacchanalian, a female attendant of Bac- 
chus (usually in the plur.), Ov. ; Bacchia initiare 
alqm, to initiate into the Bacchanalia, Liv. 

BACCHaBUNDUS, a, um (bacchor). Revel 
ling.r an tin g, raving, like Bacchanalians, Curt. 

BACCHANAL (Bacan.), alis, ;t. (Bacchus). 1. 
The place where the feasts of Bacchus 

were solemnized, Plaut.; Liv. II, In the 

plur.: Bacchanalia, ium (gen. -orum. Sail.), The 
feast of Bacchus, bacchanalia, celebrated 
every third year at Rome in a very extravagant mon- 
ner, for which reason they were prohibited in 186 B.C., 
Liv.; Cic. Poet.: 'B. vivere, licentionsly, Su-v. 

BACCHaTiO, onis./. (bacchor). A revelling, 
like Bacchanalians, de noctiirnis ejus bacchationi- 
bus, Cic. 

BACCHeiI'S, a, um. Bacchic, B. dona, i. e. 
wine, Virjr.j B. sacra, t/ie feast of Bacchus, Ov. 

BACCHeUS, a, um. Of Bacchus, Bacchic, 
E. ululatu.''. Ov. 

B.ACCHiAD.£.arum,m. (BoKxtriSat). Descend- 
ants of Bacchis, an ancient dynasty at Corinth, 

BACCHICUS, a, um. Bacchic, E. metrum, 

BACCHL^. idis. /. (BoxxtV). L For Eaccha : A 

Bacchanalian, Ov. IL Bacchis, the name 

of a woman in the Heautontim. of Terence. In the 
plur. : Bncchides. the name of a comedy of Flavins. 

BACCHiUS, a, um. Bacchic, B. sacra, Ov. 

BACCHlUS. a, um. Bacchic, B. pes, the poet- 
ical foot w_ Tt-reut. Maur. 

BACCHOR, 1 V. dep. (Bacchus). L To cele- 
brate or solemnize the fta^i of Bacchnx, 
Catull. Hrnc^, Bacchantes, /or Bacchse. Baccha- 
nalian.", Ov. Poet, pass.' of the plac^ whire the 
feasts of Bacchus iccre celebrated : Bacchatfl juina 
Naxos. on the hilLo nf tchich the feasts of Bacchus 

were snlemniied, Virg. IL M,tnn. .A) To rev 

el. rave, riot like n BarrhannUan. quantn in vo- 
luptote biiccliabcre ? Cic. Of poet inspiration, 
Stat.; Juv, ; tn run about in a distracted mnniier, 
Virg. Of things (wind, rain, and the like) : to rase, 
Hor.; Ov.; Vjrg. — B) Fig. of enthusiastic spurh 


oratio b. arbitraretur, Cic. Poet., of a rumor that 
Jlies about. Virg. 

KACCUUr^, i, m. (BaKx^O- I- Bacchus, theson 

of Jn inter and Sentele, god of wine, Ov. ; Hor, 

n. Me.ion. poet. A) A virtf. or vines, Virg. B) 

More, freq, for fVtne. Ov. ; Hor. 

BACCtFER, era, erum (baeca, fero). I. Bear- 
ing bf.rries, b. taxus, Plin. II. Esp.: Bear- 
ing oil nes, Ov. 

BXCeNIS, is,/. (BaKfvvy}). Bacenis, now the 
Hartz Forest; according to otkers, the western 
part nfihe Thuringinn Forest, CaJS. 

BXCIliLUM, i, n. dim. [bacillus, i, m., laid.] (bac- 
illus) I. A small stick or staff, Cic, II. 

Es/i. : A licior's staff, anteibaot lictoree non 
cum bncillid, Cic. 

B\CTRA. orum (Bactnim, i, Plin.), n. (Bawrpa). 
B antra, metropolis of Bactriaiia, now Balk, Hor. 

BACTRUNUS, a, um. I. Of or belonging 
to Bnctra, B. regio. Curt. II. Of or be- 
longing to Bactriana ; he7ice, subst., Bactrla- 
ni orum. ni,,/(>r Bnctri, Bactrians, Plin. In, the 
sinff. coilect.'for Bactrian, Tac. 

BICOLUM, i, n. fbaculus, i, m., App.] (Savscr. 
bahu, fina ; Or. fioKTpov). A staff, stick (esp. 
for walking ; suipio, a staff for ornament ; fustis, a 
Slick for beating). Ov. ; of an augur's staff, Liv. ; a 
scppfre, Flor. ; Suet. 

BiDlUS. a, uin (^atos). Chestmit-colored, 
Varr. ap. Non. Hence, Ital. bajo. Fr. bai. 

BSDiZO, are, v. n. (fiaSC^oj) To step, march. 

BiDOHFNN^ LUCUS. A forest in tfie north 
of Gennnmj, in West Friesland, Tac. 

BjEBiUS. a. Beebins, a Boman family name. 
Hence, adj., Baibius, a, urn, Of BtBbius, B. lex, 

Bv^TiCCl-A. le, /. B<Bcula, a town of Hispania 
TitirnCfinensis, on the frontier of Batica, now Bay- 
ten, Liv. 

BiETICUS. a, um. Of or belonging to the 
BeBtis, B. provincia, 'J^ic. Subst., Bajtica, ae, f 
(TiaiTLKT)), The province of Batica. situate 
ro'/jid the River Bcctis in Hispnvia, famous for its 
wtiol. now Andalusia and a part of Gran a da, 
Mel. Hence, adj.. Btr.ttc, B. lana, Plin, tiithst., 
Ba?tici, orum, m,, The iiihabitants of Bcetica, 
Plin. Ep. 

B.£T[3 [Betis. P. Nol.], is (ace BiEtin, Plin, Abl, 
Ba-te, Liv.; Rfcfeti, Plin.), m. (Bams). Beetis, a 
rivfT in southern Spain, now Guadalquiver. 
Mnl. : Pl'n. 

BXGoUS, i, and BXGoAS, re, m. (Ba-yiio? and 
Bayiua?) (a Persian word). I. An eunuch, Plin. 
it. Gfn.,fdr A guard of the women, Ov. 

BAGUXDA, ai, m {^aypaBak). Bagradn, a 
rint-r of Africa n ear Vtica, now Me dscherda, Ca^s, ; 

BaIM, arum./ (Baiai). Baite, I. A town and 
Warm bath in Campania, hetwern Ciimie a?id Putetili, 
murk freqitpvtf.d hy the Romans, vow Baia, Cic. 
11. G'-n .for A 7naterin g 'placf, Cic. 

■HaIaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to Baite, 
B. iiPL'Otiii, Cic. 

Ba-JOLO. (ivp. v. a. (haiulus). To carry or 
•bpnr any thing heavy. Plant. ; Phfedr. 

BaJOI-U^^, i, w. I. A carrier, porter, day- 
laborer, Cic. II. Esp.: A bearer at a fu- 

neral, Amm. 


BXL.ffiNA, », /. (<^atm). A whale, Plin.; 
Ov. Hp.nce, Fr. b a 1 u i n e, Germ, W a 11 f i b c h, 
Ensfl. whale. 

BXLANaTUS, (», um (balnnus). Embalmed, 

BALANITIS, idis,/. (jSa^avms). Shaped like 
an acorn, b. castanea, Plin. 

BALaNUS, i,f.a7idm.(fiaKaj/ot!). I. An acorn, 

glans, Plin. II. Mfton.: A fruit in the 

shape of an acorn, Plin., &c. 

BALATRO, Onis, m. (Blateeo). I. A Jester, 
buffoon, Hor. II. Balatro, a Roman sur- 
name, Hor. 

BaLaTUS, as, m. (balo). The bleating of 
slieep, Virg. ; Ov. 

BALBE, adv. Stammeringly, stuttering- 
ly, Ijucr. 

BALBUS, a, um. I. Stammering, stutter- 
ing, Cic; Hor., &.C.; balba de nare loqui, to spealc 

through the nose, Pers, II, Ballius. Balbus, a 

Roman surname of the Ampii, Atii, Cornelii, Oiita- 
vii, &c, 

BALBDTIO, ire, v. n. and a. (balbus). I. Neut. 

A) To stammer,'stutter, lisp, Celt*. B) Me- 

ton. 1) To speak indistinctly, stutter, de=i- 

nant b. (Academici), Cic. II. Act. A) To lisp 

out, to utter or say any thing in a stammer- 
ing or lisping manner, b, alqm, to call or 
name one in a stamineriiig manner, Hor. — B) Me- 
ton.: To utter indistinctly, Stoicus perpauca 
b., Cic. 

BALkaRES (Baliar.) insulje, andabsol. Baleares, 
ium,/. (BoAtofei?). Balearic Islands, the isl- 
ands Majorca and Minorca, in the Mediterra- 
nean, the inhabitants of which were famous stingers, 

SALEARiCUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
the Balearic Islands, Balearic, B. mare, 
Plin. Biilearicus, a surname of Q. Ciecilius Metel- 
lue, as having conquered the Baleares, Cic. 

BALEaRIS, e. Of or belonging to the Bal- 
earic Islands, Balearic, B. fnnditores, Cies. 

BALINF.^ and BALINEUM. See Balnedm. 

BALLLSTA (balista, ballietra). ni,f. OclAAw). I. 
A) A warlike machine for throwing large atones, 
or any other weapons, a sort of cross-bow. as- 
eeres maxiraia ballistie missi, Cajs. — B) Meton. . 

The weapon thrown. Plaut. U. Fig.: b. 

infortunii, mishap, disaster. Plant. 

BALLISTaRiUM (balist.), ii, n., for ballista. A 
battery of ballista, Plaut. 

BALNEA. See Balneum. 

BALNeaRiUS, a. um (balnpum). Of or be- 
longing to a bath, b. fures, Catull. Subst., Bal- 
nearia, orum, 71., Bathing-chambers. Cic. 

BALNeaTOR. oris, m. (balneum). The mas- 
ter of a bath. Cic. 

BALNeuLUM, i. n. (p/. balngSlie, arum,/.) dim. 
(balneum). A small bathing-room, a little 
bath, b. angustum, Sen, In theplur.: primus bal- 
neolas puppendit, Cic. 

B.4LNeUM (halineum), i, n. {in theplur. balneas 
(balinea;), arum,/., sometimeit balnea and halinea, 
orum, 7i.) C^aAacetoi'). I. A hathin s -chamber, 
bath {vsually in the plnr., as r.ontoinine several 
room'!, public baths), ut venir^nt ad halneas ^fc- 
nias, Cic; viuuni et epula) balinenque ita enerva- 
verunt corporii, &c., Liv. II. Melon. : A bath- 
ing, a balineis, after the bath, Plin, 

BaLO (belo, Van-.), 1 v. a. I. To bleat, Ov. 

Poet., pecue balana. and absol., balans, a nheep, Juv. ; 

Lucr. Facet'e : To speak of sheep, Varr. 

II. Maon.: To talk fooliskly, Arn. 

BAL8XMU.M, i, n. (fidKa-afJiOv). I. Balsam, the 

gum of the balsam- tree, Phii. ; Virg. II. Melon. : 

The balsam-tree, Plin. 
BALTeUS, i, m., and -UM, i, n. A border, 

rim, girdle, belt. Thus, 1. Ofacake, Cato. 

II. In.Arvhit. : A girdle on the capitals of pillars, 

Vitr. JII. A vacant space separating the 

rows of scats in an amphit keaire, Ciilp. Eel. IV, 

The bark of a willow. PUn. V. A swor d- 

6e/(, Ciea.; Virg. VI, A woman^ s girdle, 

Ov, ; Mart. VII. The zone, zodiac, ManiL 

BAMBaLiO, onis, m. Bambalio, a Roman sur- 
name, RI, Fulvius B., the father- in-law of Antony, Cic. 
BANDOSiA, iS, f. Bandusia, a fountain in 
Apulia, six miles from Venusia, Hor. 

BAN'l'lA, IB,/. Bantia, a town near Venusia 
viApitlin, vow Vanze, Liv. 

BANTlNUS. a, um. Of or belonging to 
Bnnt ia, B, saltus, Hor. Subst., Bantini, orum, m., 
The in habitants of Bantia, Plin. 

BAPT^iE. arum, m. OaTrrai). The priests of 
the goddess Cotytto, Juv. 

BAPTISTeRIUM, ii, 71, OaTTTicTT^pioi/). A place 
for bathing or swimming, a basin, Plin. 

BaRITHRUM, i, n. (pdpa0pov). I. A deep 
cavity, pit, abyss, b. ^Etna?, Sil. ; imo gurgite 

barathri, Virg, II, Esp. A) The infernal 

regions, Plaut. B) The orifice of the stom- 
ach, throat, gullet, maw, etfundere alqd in b., 
Plaut. ; hence, b. macelli, qu, the gulf of the market, 
for a gluttonous person, Hor. ; and, barathro do- 
nare nlqd, to sqiixtndcr, Id. 

BARBA, ffl, /. {Sanscr. varvara, crisp loclred, 
curly). 1. A beard of men and aidmals, viris 
mammffl ntque barba, Cic. ; barbam tondere, Id, ; 
b. ponere, to shave off, Hor. ; b. promittere, to let 
grow, Liv. ; b. siibniittere, the sam^, Tac. ; b. vel- 
lere alcai, to pull miy one by the beard, Hor. Of 
animals: b. bircorum. caprarum, Plin.; b. poly- 

porum, crazes, cirri, Plin. II. Meton. Of plants: 

The barb. a. nucum, Plin, 

BARBaNA, fB, /. Bar ban a, a rioer of Ilbjria, 
flowing through the Palus Labeatis, now Bojana, 

BARBXRE, adv. (barborus). I. In a foreign 
manner ; with the Greeks, i. q. after the Roman, 
Jialiaa manner, Plaut. II. Meton. A) Rude- 
ly, in an uncivilmanner, Cic. — B) Of behao- 
ior : Rudely, clownishly, harshly, coarsely, 
rongkly. Hor. 

BARBARI, orum. .See Barbarus. 
BARBARIA, a3 (rarely -es, -ei, -em, -e) f, (barba- 
rus). A foreign country, any country out of 
Greece or Italy. I. Prop.: non solum Grtecia et 
Italia, eed etinm omnis b. commota est, Cic; non 
jl'lgyptii nee Syri nee fere cuncta b., Id. Thus, of 
Persia, in npp. to Greece, Cic. ; in the same opp. for 
Phrijgia, Hor. ; of Gaul in opp. to Rome, Cic. ; in 
the same opp. for Scythia and Britain, Id. ; for Italy, 
with the Greeks, Plaut, II. Meton.: Intel- 
lectual and moral bar bar ism.. A) Intel- 
lectual barbarism: Ignorance, haac turba et b. 
InronsiB, Cic. ; of impropriety of diction, barbarism, 
barbariea dome'stica, Id. — B) Moral barbarism: 
Rudencsi, incivility, rusticity, Inveteratam I 


barbariara ex Gaditanorum moribus disciplinaque 
delevit (Cttisar), Cic. 

BARBaRiCUS, a, um (jSap^opiKos). I. For- 
eign, in opp. to Greek or Roman, b. alae Cajsarie, 
Luc, : b, pira, PUn. ; b. equi, Veg. ; b. sermo, Amm.; 
thus for Phrygian, Enii.; Virg.; Gcrmau, Suet; 
Italian, Roman, with the Greeks, Plaut. II, Me- 
ton.: Uncivilized, rude, unmannerly, b, vita, 
Claud. ; b. silva, irregular, Col. 
BARBARIES. Ste Babbaria. 
BARBaRISMUS, i, m. {(fiapfiapia-fj^os). A bar- 
barism, a barbarous or vicious mode of 
speaking, especially in respect of the pron unciation 
of single words, AucL Her. ; Q,uint.; Gtll. 

BARBARUS, a, um Oap^apos)- I- Foreign; 
and subst., a foreigner, barbarian, in respect 
of the Greeks and Romans, Sbrvi agrestes etb., Cic; 
reges b., Hor,; quae virginum barbara. Id,; barba- 
rorum soli props Germaoi singulis uxoribus con- 
tenti, Tac. ; thus, in respect of the Greeks, for Italian, 
Roman, absurdum erat aut tantum barbaria casi- 
bus Graicam literam ((^) adhibere, aut recto casu 
Gra;ee loqui, Cic; poeta b., i, e. Nadvius, Plaut.; 
b, mores, Id, ; for Persian, a Persian, Curt. ; Nep. ; 
for Phrygian, Virg.; Hor. In the neut. adv.: in 
barbarum, after the manner of foreigners or bar- 
barians, Tac. II. Meton.: Intellectually 

or morally barbarous. A) Intellectually: Vn- 
euliivated, mieducated, uncilized, igno- 
rant, qui aliis inhumanua ac b. videretur, Cic; 
homines b. atque imperiti, Caes. — B) Morally: 
Rude, wild, rough, ftarfiarows, barbari qui- 
dam et immanes, Cic. ; homines feri ac b., Cwb. 

BARBaTCLUS, a, um, dim. Somewhat beard- 
ed, having a downy beard, concursabant b. 
juvenes, totus ille grex Catilinae, Cic. Meioji. Of 
fish : b. multi, Id. 

BARBaTUS, a, um (barba). Furnished with 
a beard, bear ded, of men and animals. 1. Prop.: 
dicere licebit Jovem semper b.. Cie. ; b. multi. Id-; 
b. hirculus, Catull. ; also, absol., barbatus,/or agoat, 
Pha^dr. For denoting Romans of the good old limes 
(who never shaved their beards), aliquis mihi ab inferia 
exeitandus est ex barbatis ilUs, Cic Poet, of elder- 
ly persons, adults, equitarein arundine, siquem de- 
lectet.b., Hor. ; Jove nondum b., still young, Juv.; 
and likewise poet, of a philosopher, Jiiv. ; thus, of 

Socrates, Pers. II. Melon. A) Of plants: 

Downy, a. nux, Phn. B) Poet. Of books: 

Rough, worn, Mart C) Barbatus, a sumaTtu 

o/ Lucius Cornelius Scipio. 

BARBlGER, era, erum (barba, gero). Wearing 
a beard, b. capella?, Lucr. 

BARBITOS, m. andf. (pi. Barbita, n. Aus.) (fiip- 

^LTov Or -os). I. A lute, lyre, Hor. li. M&- 

ton. : A song, Ov. 
BARB0LA,te,/.d7m. (barba). L A little, thin 

beard, Cic. H. Meton. Orpla7i's,Plm. 

III. Barbula, a surname of Q,. J-^milius, Liv. 

BARC^I, orum, m. The inhabitants of 
Barce, in Africa, Vire. 

BARC^Uri, Of or belonging 
to B areas, Barccean, B. juvenis, i. e, ifa/miftoi, 

BARCAS, 09. m. (Bdp*cas). Barcas, the founder 
of a family at Carthage, to which Hamilcar and Han- 
nibal brlongcd; hence a surname of Hamilcar, Nep. 

BARCE, es, /, and BARCA. a;./. (Bap«7,). I 
Barce or Barca, the second city of Cyrmaica, in 


Africa, the ruins of which are now called Merjeh, 

Plin. II. Barce, the nurse of SichtBus, Virg. 

BARCINO or -ON, oois,/ Barcino, a town of 
Hhpanla Tarracoiiensis, now Barcelona, Plm. 
Hi-.iice, Bnrcincmenais muria, Aus. 

BARCTNUS, a, urn. Of or belonging to Bar- 
cas, thmilia B., Liv.; factio B., Id. Subst., Barcini, 
crura, m.. The BarcinefacAion, the B arcini, 
Liv. Poet.: B. cladca, near the Rioer Metaurus, 
where Husdriibal fell, Sid. 

BARDAiCUS, a. um. Of or belonging to 
thp. Bardrzi {an lllyrian people), B. calceus, a hind 
of soldier's boot, poet, for soldiers, Juv. Absol. : 
BardaicuB, i,m., A soldier's boot, Mart. 

BARDUS, a, um OSpoSiis). Dull of apprehen- 
sion, stupid, Zopyrus stupidum esse docratem 
dixit et b.. Cic. 

BARDUS, i, m. A bard, a term applied by the 
Gauls to ^oets and augurs, Luc. ; Amm. 

BARGuSlI, orum, m. (Bapyoucrioi). Bargusii, 
a people of Hispania Tarraconensis, on the Pyrenees, 

BaRIS. idoa, /. (jSapts). A small Egyptiajt 
galley, a boat. Prop. 

BARiTUS, ue, m. (from Germ, baren, to cry 
aloud). The war-cry or battle-song of the 
ancie.nt Germans, Tac. 

BARIUM, ii, n. Barium, a toion of Apulia, on 
the Adriatic, now Bari, Liv. 

BaRO, onis, m, {akin to v&ro, from varuB, crook- 
ed). A blockhead, stupid fellow, hiBC quiim 
loqueris, nos b. Btuperaus, like, blockheads, Cic. 

BARRUS. i, m. {Sanscr. wslrana). A?i ele- 
phant, Hor. 

BASALTES, la, m. (from Ethiopian basal, iron, 
hardness). Basalt, a black and hard kind of mar- 
blr, Plin. 

BASXNITES (Iftpifl) (fiaa-avlTrjs , from ^dtmvos). 
A to iich-stone, Plin. 

BASCAUDA, ffi, / (a British word, akin to the 
Welsh b as gawd and Engliskb asket). A bask' 
et, Juv. ; Mart. 

BaSIaTiO, onia,/. (baaio). A hissing, a kiss, 
Cntnll.; Mart. 
BaSIaI'OR, oris, m. (basio). A kisser. Mart. 
BldiLEA or -lA, ae, /. Basle, in Switzerland^ 
BASILICA. See Basilicus. 
B131LICE, adv. (basilicus). Splen didly, 
magnificently, princely, Plaut. Jocosely: in- 
terirc b., entirely, Id. 

BiSILICUS, a, um OatrtAtKds). L A) Royal, 

princely, splendid, Plaut. B) Eap. : b. vitis, 

a kind of vine with the people of Dyrrhachium, Plin. 

II, Snbst. A) basilicus, i, m. (sc. jactus), Th e 

fortunate or best throw of dice, Plaut, — B) Ba- 
silica. 8B,/. I) A basilica, hall, colonnade, a 
handsome public building with porticoes, near the 
forum, wJtere merchants assembled for business and 
justice was administered, Cic ; b. ./Emilia, Plin. ; b. 
Julia, Id. — C) boailicum, i, n., A magnificent 

robe, Plaut D) The best sort of nut, A nutmeg, 


BXSiLISCUS, i, m. (jSao-iXtVicos)- A basilisk, 
Piin.; Luc. 

BaSIU. 1 V. a. To kiss, Catull. ; Mart. Hence, 
Fr. b a i fl e r, Ital. b a c i o. 

BJtSlS, is, /. OSeicri?). That on which any thing 
rests; esp. of pillars, A foot, pedestal, base, in 

basi stntuarum maximis Uteris incisum, Cic. ; the 
foundation of a building, b. villaj. Id. ; b. trianjjuli, 
the fundamental line, base, basis. Id. ; b. arcus, the 
chord of an arc, Col. ; the lower part of the shaft of a 
column, Vitr. 

BaSIUM, ii, n. A kiss, Catull. ; Mart. ; jactare 
basia, lit., to throw a kiss to any body, i. e. to kiss 
one's hand, Phffldr. 

BASSiREUS, eos,m. (Bao-tropeus). A cognomen 
of Bacchus, Hor. 

BASSIRICUS, a, um (BacrtrapeuV). Belong- 
ing to Bacchus, Prop. 

BASSSRIS, idis,/. (fiatra-apU). A female fol- 
lower of Bacchus, Pers. 

BASTARNjE (Basternse), §,rum, m. Bastarna:, 
a German tribe, who migrated to the country near the 
mouth of the Danube. At a laXer period we find them 
partly settled between the Tyras and Borysthenes, Liv. 
BATAVODDRUM, i, n. Batavodurum, one 
of the two chief towns of the Bataoi, now Wyk, by 
Ouurstede. Tac. 

BATAVORUM INSULA. The island formed by 
the Rhenus, Vahalis, andMosa, now part (^ the prov- 
ince of South Holland, Ctea. ; Tac. 

BXTaVUS, a, um. Batavian, B. spuma, Mart. 
Subst., Batavi, orum, m., The Batavi, theprogeni- 
tors in part of the present Dutch, Tac. ; Sil. 

BITHYLLUS, i,m.(BdevAAos). Bathyllus. 1. 
A favorite of Anacreon, Hor, 2. A celebrated actor 
of pantomime in the time of Augustus, Tac; Juv. 
■ BITILLUM. i, 71., and BAT1LLU3, i, m. I. A 
shovel, coal-shovel,V\m.; a pitchfork or shovel 
for manure, Varr*. ■ ■ — IJ. A coal-pan, fumi- 
gating pan, chafing-dish, 'Hot. 

B1-TRXCH5M^0MICHIA, aa, /. (Barpavo/ivo- The Battle of the Frogs an d Mice, 
a poem incorrectly attributed to Homer, Mart ; Stat, 
BATTIIDES, ae, m. (Battus). An inhabitant 
of Cyrene, Sil. ; esp. the poet. Callimachus, born at 
Cyrene, Ov. 

BATTUS, i, m. (BarToy), Battus. I. The 
founder of Cyrene, Sil. 2, A herdsman of Neleus, 

BaTOO, iii, ere, v. a, and n. (Sanscr. vadh, to 
strike, kill). To beat, to, to knock. I. 

Gen., Plaut. II. Esp. Of sword exercise: To 

fence, Suet Hence, Ital. hatte re, Fr. battre. 

BAUCIS, idis,/. (BauKtf). Baucis. 1. The wife 

of Philemon, who entertained Jupiter and Mercury, 

Ov. II. Melon.: An old woman, Pera. 

BaVIUS, ii, ra. Bavins, a malevolent poetaster, 
who, together with Meevius, attacked the poetry of 
Virgil and Horace.. 
BDELLIUM, ii, n. (fiSeWiov). L A kind of palm, 

vine-palm, Plin. II. A gujn exuding from 

it, Vep;. ; as a term of endearment, tu b., Plaut 

BkaTE, adv. (beatus). Happily, bene beateque 
vivere, Cic. 

BeaTITAS, atis, /. (beatus). The state of the 
happy one, h app in e s s, aut ista sive b., aive 
beatitude dicenda sunt Cic. 

BeaTiTODO, inis, /. (beatuaj. The state of 
the happy, happiness, Cic. 

BeaTOLUS, a, um, dim. Somewhat happy 
(ironical). Pers. 

BeaTUS. h, um (beo). Rendered happy_ 

happy, felicitous. I. Gen. : qui beatus est, non 

intelligo quid requirat ut ait beatior, Cic. ; vita b., 

Id. ; libera ct b. civitas, Id. ; nihil est ab omoi parte 



b., Hor. In the rteut. absol. : ex bonis quen sola 
honesta sunt, efficienduni est beatiim. /e/icify (us?inl- 

/y vita beata), Cic. li. Esp. A) Biesacd wiik 

carl hLy goods, rick, weaUky, Dionyaius tyrHunus 
beatissimaj fhitntU t,Syrucusurum), Cic. ; satis bea- 
tug uriicis Siibiiiis, Hor. ; b. copia, rich,fiowiitg over^ 

BEBRyCES, cum, m. (Be'^pu/ce?). Bebryces, a 
mythical people, inkabuiiig the country afterward 
called BiUiQiiia, Plin. ; Val. Fl. 

BEBRYClA, te, /. (Be^pu«ta). The district 
of Bebrycia (plater, Bitkynia), SuU. Fragm. ap. 
Serv. ; VhI. Fl. 

BKBRYClUS, a, urn. Belonging to Bebry- 
cia, B. gens, Virg. 

BeDKiXCENSIS, e. Of Bedriacum, Tac. ; 

BEDRIXCUM, i, n. Bedriacum. a small town 
of Upper Italy, between Verona and Cremona, now 
Sever are, Tkc. 

RELG^. arum, m. (Be'A.yai). The Belga, in the 
vorlk of Gaul, Ca;s. ; Tac. In the sing., Belga, ae, 
m., A Belgian, Luc. 

BELGfCUS, a, urn. Belonging to the Bel- 
ga. Belgian, B. esseda, Virg. //encf, G»llia B., 
«r flfijswZ. Belgica, te, /., The part of Gaul inhabited 
by the Belgians, between the Rhine, the Seine, the 
Marne, arid the North Sea, Plin.; Tac. 

BELGIUM, ii, 71. A part of Gallia Belgica, form- 
ing the tetTitory of the Bcliovaci and of the tribes de- 
pendent upon them, Ca;s. 

BELlDES, w, m. (B-rjXtSTj?). A male descend- 
ant of Belus, B. Paliimedes, Virg. ; of Lynceus, 
Ov. tn theplur., of Danaus and Mg7jptus, Stat. 

BeLIS, idle, /. (usually pi. BelTdee, ura). Grand- 
daughters or female descendants of Be- 
lus, Bel ides, Danaids, Ov. 

BELLaRIX, orum, n. (bellu8). A dessert, 
sweetmeats, V\aut.; Suet. 

KELLaTOR, oris, m. (bello). A warrior, a 
combatant, qujs eBt qui aut bellatori aut iinpera- 
tori aut oratori quwrat aliquid? &c., Cic. ; primus 
ipse b., Liv. Poet, of wine-bibbers, Plaut. Poet, 
adj. : Warlike, fit far fight, b. TurnuB, Virg. ; 
b. deus, i. e. Mars, Id. ; b. equua, the war-horse. Id. ; 
also used absol. : bellator, Juv. 

BELLaToRIUS, a, um (bollator). Warlike, 
hostile, b. jumeuta, Amm. ; b. stilus, a polemic 
style, Plin. 

BELLaTRIX, icie, /. (bellator). A female 
warrior. 1. Adj.: War like, b. Penthesilea, 

Virg. ; b. divn. i. e. Pallas, Ov. ; b. Roma, Id. 

II. Fig. : b. iritcunrtia, violent anger, Cic. 

BELLAX, acis (bello). Warlike, Luc. 

BELLE, ado. (bellus). Han dsomely, fairly, 
prettily, gently, finely, agreeably, &.c., b. 
poeita Hermathena tiia, Cic. ; b. habere, to feel 
well, Id. In conjnnction with adj. : sumus ambo b. 
euriosi, pretty or ra'her curious; aqua non longe a 
villa b. sane Huen.-*, Id. 

BELLeROPHON, ontis, aJid -ontes, ee. m. (BcA- 
Kepo<f>iiiv and BeAAepoi^ocTTjt). Belter ophon, the 
son of Glaucus, andgrandson of Sisyphtis, who killed 
the Chimara, but was thrown from the winged horse 
Pegasus while attempting to mount to heaven, Hor, 

BELLF:R0PHONTeUS, a, ura (Belleropbon). 
Belonging to Bellerophon, B. equus, Pe- 
gasri-s, Prop. 

BBLLICoSUS, n, um (boUicua). Warlike, fH 

for fight, gentes immanes et barbarie et b., Cicj 

homines b., Cibs. ; bcjllicofiiBsimaa nationes, Cic. 

BELLiCUS, a, um (bellum). L A) Belong- 
ing to war, military, b.disciphna, (Jic. ; b. jue. 
Id. ; b. laudes, military glory, Id. ; b. ignis, vrigiii. 
ating with, kindled by the enemy, Liv.; b..noniinH, 
obtained by military exploits, Flur. ; b. nubes, vm- 
fortune of war, Claud.-: — B) Subst., bellicum, i, n., 
The sign al for an attack, given 61/ (Ae tuba; 
b. canere, to give the signal for an attack, Cic. ; ubi 
primum b. cani audisset, arma cajjtHrum, to take up 
arms at thejirst call, Liv. Fig. : iidem me b. ceci- 
nisae dicunt, to have given a signal fur rising, to 
have incited, aroused; also of a fiery spiech: alter 
(Thucydides) iocitatior fertur et de buUicis rebua 
canit etiam quodammodo b.. Ae sounds, in sovie 
measure, the signal; sounds the trumpet of alarm, 

Cic. II. Meton. for bellicosus, Warlike, b. 

Pallas. Ov. ; b. deus, i. e. Romulus, Id. 

BELLiFEK, era, erum (bellum, lero). War- 
like, Claud. 

BELLiGER, era, erum (bellum, gero). War- 
like, carrying on or waging war, Ov. ; Sil. ; 

BELLIGeRO, 1 V. n. (bellum, gero). To car- 
ry on war. to wage war, nee cauponantes bel- 
lum scd belligerantes, Enn. ap. Cic.; par in bulli- 
gerjindo, Cic. 

BELLI POTEXS, entis (bellum). Potent in 
war, b- diva, PaiZas, Stat. Stibi't., for Mars. Virg. 

BELLO, 1 v.n. (bellum). L To r.arry ov war, 
to wage war, bellum gerere : Cic; b. advertiis 
alqm, Liv. ; bellandi studium. warlike spirit, C«8.; 
bellum a consulibus beilntura, brought to a close. Jin- 

ished, Liv. Wiihdat. : b. magno parenti, Stat 

IL Gen.: Tn combat, fig ht, Ov. ; Sil.; Stat 

BE L LoN A, ffi, /. (bellum). Belloiia, the. Roman 
goddess of war, in whose temple the Senate gave au- 
die7ice to those who were refused leave to enter the city, 
Liv. ; Ov. : Virg. 

BELLOR, ari, for bello. To carry on war, 

BELLO VXCI, drum, m. The Bellovaci, a peo- 
ple of Gallia Belgica, in the modern Beauvais, Ca;8. 

IN US. See Belva, Beluahs, iSoc. 

BELLuLUS, a, um, dim. (bellus). Tfcat, pret- 
ty, Plaut 

BELLUM, i, 71. (originally duellum, _/ront duo, a 
fglu between two, a duel ; lunce), I. A) War, belli 
asquitas, Cic. ; bellorum semen et cauaa. Id. ; b. do- 
mesticum, Id. ; b. civile, Id. ; b. parare, comparare, 
to prepare for war. Id. ; b. exciUire, to excite. Id. ; b. 
movere. Id. ; b. indicere alcui, to declare. Id. ; b. in- 
ferre alcui, to carry on war, or wage war against 
any body. Id. ; for which also, b. inferre contra alqm, 
Id. ; b. gerere, to carry on, Id. ; b. ducere, to prolong, 
Id. ; b, trahere, the same. Id. ; b. toUere, to remove, 
Id.; belli domique, in peace and war, Sal.; Liv.; 
also with abl. : bello Latinorum, Cic. ; Ariovisti bel- 
lo. Cubs.; opp. proelium, denothig a single battle: 
Thucydides res gestas et bella narnit et prcelia. Id. 

B) JV/ef07i. /or prcelium : A fianic. Virg. ; Just 

II. Fig.: War, combat, strife, quum mild 

unicum omnibus improbis tetcrnum videam b.esse 
suaceptum, Cic. ; cur philosophiue propo b. indixe- 
ris. Id. 

BELLUS, a, um (conft-./or benulus, /ram benuB, 
for bonus). I. Pretty, handaome, neat, ami- 


able, charmiii£^, pleasant (s\i.Cic. for lh6mo0t 
part in his EpiscUs), Piliue et pui^llie CaecilieB bellis- 
Eimttt snliitem dicea, Cic. ; Cicero btiUisaimus tibi 
Bfllutom phirimnin dicit, Id. Of things ; ilium pu- 
erifl locum esse belliasimum duximuB, Id. ; aub^idi- 
um belllsslmum existimo ease sencctuti otiuin, Id. ; 
quam bella pAuUsper nobis gubernHntibua civit&s 
luent, in what a pleaaant situation, Id.; ha^c ipse 
fero quidem I'ronte nc vuUu bellia, sed angor iiiti- 
mis eeneibus. cheerfully, or with a cheerful face or 
Hir, Id. In the n., bellum est, with a s abject follow- 
ing, it is a pleasant or fine {thing) : etinm sine cog;- 
nitione juris quam sit bcHum, ciivere malum, Cic. 

In good health, well, fiic bellus revertare, Id. 

II. Meton. with relation to the interior qaality of a 
thing, i. q. bonus: Good, in quo Graaci belliorcs 
quam Romani nostri, Varr. ap.Non. ; b. vinum. Col. 
Hence, old Fr. bel, beal, biaul; whence the mod- 
ern beau, bel, belle, bellatre. 

BeLOA or BELLUA, m,f. {akin to balo). I. A) 
An animal, esp. of large size (as a?t elephant, lion, 
whale, &c.), a monster, quantum natura hominis 
pecudibua reliquisque beluis antecedat, Cic; ele- 
phanto beluarum nulla prudentior, ad figuram quai 
vastior? Id.; ea genera beluarum, qute in rubro 
mari Indiave gignantur. Id. B) Esp.: An ele- 
phant, quis (gladiis) appetebant beluarum manus, 

Curt. ; b. Inda, Ov. ; b. Gastiila, Juv. II. Meton. 

used as an epithet : Beast, mo7ister, quid ego hos- 
pitii jura in hac immani b. commemoro? Cic. ; fu- 
ror impurifi beluaj, Id. Hence, Ital. belva, 

BeLOaTUS (bell.), % urn (belua). Embroi- 
dered with th^ figures of animals, Plant. 

BELtJiNUS (bell.), a, um (bolna). Animal, h. 
voluptrttes, Gell. 

BELt3oSUS(bell.), a. um(belua). Abounding 
^ with mojisters, h. Ocennus, Hor. 

BkLUS, i, m. (B^Aos). Belus. 1. TJiefounder 
of Babylon, Ov. y. A7i Indian deity, compared with 
Hercnles of the Greeks, Cic. 3. King of Egypt, the 
father of Danaus and j^gijpius ; hence, Belides, Be- 
iis, Belias. 

BkNaCUS, \,m. (B^i/aKos). Benacus, a laJcein 
Gallia TMnspadana, now Lago di Gar da, out 
of which the Minciua flows, Virg. ; B. lacus, the same, 

BENDIDlUS, a,um (Bei/SiSeto?). Belonging 
to Bendis, the Thracian goddess of the moon, B. 
templum, Liv. 

BeNk, adv. Compar., melius; Snperl., optime 
(benus /or bonus). JVell, in the widest sense of the 
word, of any mental or physical excellence; well, 
rightly, properly, nobly, &c. I. Gen.: villa 
bona beneque ajdificata, Cic. ; ager b. cultua. Id. ; 
corpus b. coiistitutum, Id. ; b. olens, Id. ; b. ernere, 
to buy cheap. Id. ; the reverse, h. venders, to sell dear. 

Plant. II. Esp. A) With verbs. 1) benedicere. 

a) To speak well, rightly, correctly, p7-operly, b. dice- 
re, id est, Attice dicere, Cic. ; qui optime dicunt, the 
most eloquent. Id. b) b. dicere (alcui), to speak well 
of any body, to praise, to extol, cui b. dixit umquam 
bono ? Cic. ; (poetic) ad b. dicendum delectandum- 
que redacti, Hor. c) To ipeak words of good omsn , 
Plaut. 2) bene facere. a) To do any thing well, 
rightly, properly, orderly, to do well. b. facit A. Siliua 
qui transegerit, Cic. Hence, bene facta, good or no- 
ble doings, noble actions, philosophia mater omnium 
b, fitctotuin beneque dictorum, Id. ; omnia b. facta 
!» luc« M coMoeftri volilnt. b) facere (slcul), to dp 

any body good, show him some kindness, ego ne in« 
gratis quidem b. fticere absistiim. Liv.; quod bonis 
b. tit beneticium, Plnut. c) In Mi die, tu do good, 
to be useful, to be rfficinit, id b. faciet et alvum bo- 
nam liiciet, Cato ; ad ciipitis dolorum b. tacit sur- 
pyllum, Scrib. d) b. facie, b. fucisti. &.c., a form nf 
returning thanks or demonstration of joy, very well, 
excellent 1 Ter. ; Plant.; Liv. 3) bene eseo (ak-ui), 
b. habere, b. agi, to be well off, patria eot, nbicuinquo 
est b., Pacuv. ; si vales, b. est, ego valeo; also by 
way nf abbreviation, s. v. b. e. e. v. ; nsed as i?Uro- 
dnction in many of Cicrro's letters i b. habct, jacta 
sunt fundamenta defensionis, Cic— B) iFith adj. 
and adv., etnphai. : Right, very, particularly, 
exceedingly (like the Fr. bien). 1) Wnhadj.: 
in clamando video enm case b. robustum atque ex- 
ercitatum, Cic. ; Fabius literarum b. peritus, id.; 
babetis aermonem b. longum, Id. ; pectus b. tidum, 
Hor. ; mentia b. eanae. Id. 2) Wvh adv. : b. penitus 
in istius familiaritatem sese dedit, Cic; b. mane 
httjc scripsi, Id. ; b. diu, Suet. ; non b., not well, not 
easily, hardly, Ov, Hence, Fr. bicn. 

BENeDiCO, xi, ctum, 3 (lienc, dico). t To 
speak well of any body: more properly written as 

two words. 6^66 Bene, II., A., 1. H. To praise 

the Deity, to render praise, to adore, to wor- 
ship, b. deum, Ecel. HI. To bless men or 

things consecrate, keep holy, b. diem septi- 
mum, Bibl. 

BgNf:DICTIO, onis, /. (benedico). I. A Und- 
ing, praising, App. IL Meton.: A bene- 
diction, blessing, Eccl. 

BENE-FJiCf O, more correctly written as two words. 
See Bene, II., A., 2. 

Benefice, adv. (beneficus). Beneficently, 
b. facere, Gell. 

BeNS:F1CENTiA, se. / (beneficus). Well-do- 
ing, kindness, disposition to do well to 
others, quid enim melius aut quid preestantius 
bonitate et b., Cic. ; uti beneticeitia adversus sup- 
plices, Tac. 

BfeNEFtCiARIUS, a, um (beiieficium). I. Giv- 
en or received as a favor, b.res, Sen. II, 

Sabst., beneficiarius, ii, m., MHii.: A privileged 
soldier (one that was exempt fron). loroer military 
labor, as working at the entrenchments, foraging, 
&c.), Caes. ; Veg, 

BeNeFICIUM, ii. n. (beneficus). Benefac- 
tion, service, kindness. I. Gen.: melius apud 
bones quam apud fortunatos b. collocari puto. Cic ; 
thus, b. collocare, conferre, deferre, dare, reddere, 
petere, Id. ; beneficiis aflficere, obstringere nlqm, 
Id. In the abl. : beneficio, by the help, by assistance, 
by means of: nobilissimum adoleacentem beneticio 
tuo esse salvum, Cic. ; sortium beneficio se ease in- 
coluraem, Cffis. ; Gorgiaa beneficio longissimaj feta- 
lis cum multia simul floruit, Quint. -II. Esp. 

A) Polit. t. t. : A benefaction* bev efice, fa- 
vor, distinction, conferred by the, the 
people, a public department, or a private person of 
infiuence, on any body, cooptatio coUeeiorum ad 
populi b. transferebatur, Cic. ; quicquid hoc bene- 
ticio populi Romani atque hac poteatate praetoria, 
i. e. election by the people, Id, ; quum sno magno es- 
set beneficio, oiced much to his recommendation, Id. ; 
of military advancement or promotion, Liv. ; Tac. 
— B) Privilege, b. liberomm. exemption from 
the office of judge obtained by having a certain num- 
ber of children, Suet. ; b. miljtnris, Dig. 



BfiNE-FKCUS, a, urn (bene, facio). Benefi- 
cent, doing good, kind, obliging, dii sunt 
b. generiqiie hdminum amici, Cic. ; voluntate b. 
benevolentia movetur, Id. Cotnpar., benedcentior, 
Sen. Superl.. benclicentissimus. 

BeNkVENTaNUS, a, uin. Belonging to 
Beneventum, B. ager, Cic. Subst., Beueveotani, 
orum, m., Tke iiihabitants of Bejteveutum, 

BkNeVENTUM, i,tt. Beneventum, a town in 
Samnium, iioio Benevento. Cic. 

BeNeVOLE, adv. (benevolus). In a benevo- 
lp.nt manner, kindly, amice at b. facere alqd, 

BSNe-VOLENS, entis,/or benevolus (volo). Be- 
nevolent, wishing well, Plaut. Subst., A well- 
wiskp.r, friend, Plaut. 

BeNEVuLENTiA (beniv.), », /. (benevolus). 
Benevolence, well-wishing, good-will, 
kindness, nihil est, quod b. effici non possit, Cic. ; 
b. mutua, Id.; benevolentiam filcjs coneectarl, Id. ; 
benevolentiam comparare, conciliare {with and 
wiikoni sibi), conficere, conjungere, colligere ex al- 
qun re, capere ex alqua re, Id. 

BeNe-VOLUS, a, um (bene, volo). Benevo- 
lent, kind, friendly, benevolo animo me praj- 
monebat, Cic. ; servus b. alcui, ready to serve, truly 
attached. Id. Compar., benevolentior, Cic, 5k- 
peri., benevolentiseimus, Cic 

B£NIGNE, adv. (benignus). I. A) Benevo- 
lently, amicably, kin d ly, mildly, salutare 
b., Cic. ; I), attenteque audire, Id. ; b. monstrare 
viain alcui, Id.; b. capere arma, willingly, readibj, 
Liv. — B) Esp. in the language of conversation : b. 
dicia, or nbsol. benigiie, as expres.nve of thanks, yon 
are very kind, obliging, &c. ; / am much obliged to 
you. : or, if declining. No, I thank you, Plaut. ; Cic. ; 
Hof. II. Beneficently, liberally, aut op- 
era b. fit indigentibu3 aut pecunia, Cic Compar., 

BeNIGNiTAS, atis,/. (benignus). I. Benigni- 
ty, b enevolent behavior, friendliness, 
kindness, etsi me eumma cum b. audistis, Cic. ; 
deum immortalium bcnignitatc omnium fortunse 

sunt certttj, Id,' II. Active benevolence, 

well-doing, beneficence, kindv ess, obli- 
gingness, benignitatis plarimum conferre In al- 
iquem. Cic. ; amicorum bcnignitas exhausta, Id. 

Benignus, a, um (contr.from bcnigeiius; co}if. 
malignus and privignus). Good-natured; in 
sentiment, behavior, or action. I. Benevolent in 
sentiment or in behavior, frie?\ dly, kind, ami- 
cable, b. divi, Hor.; b. numen, Id.; Apelles b. in 
ttjmulis, Plin. Of things: sociorum comitas vul- 

tusque b., Liv. ; b. dies, propitious, laclcy, Stat. 

II. Beneficent, doing gocd, liberal, obli- 
ging, qui beni";niore3 volunt ase quam res pati- 
tur, Cic. Poet, with gen.: vini somnique benignus, 
indulging too freely in wine and sleep, Hor. Esp. 
of things: Yielding abundantly, abu7idant, 
rich, b. ager,Ov.: b. tellus, Plin.; benigaiasimutn 
inventum, exceedingly beneficent. Id. 

BeO, 1 V. a. {Sanscr. bba, to shine; compare Gr. 
ij)ona). To render happy, i'hi-at.; Ter. ; b. alqm 
nlqa re, to present with any thing, to render happy 
by any thing, to enrich, Hor. 

BfcilECYNTIUS, a, um. Belonging to 
Moun t Berecyntus, Berecyntian, B. tractus, 
Plin. ; B. mater, i. e. Cybele, Virg. Absol^ Berecyn- 

tia, Ov. Poet.: Belonging to Cybele, B. he- 
ros, i. e. Midas, Ov. ; B. tibia, a curved Phrygian 
flute. Id. ; Hor. 

BeZIeCYNTUS, i, m. (BepeicvvTO';). Berecyw 
tus, a mountain of Phrygia, sacred to Cybele, Serv. 

BERENICE, ea, /. (Bepei-tKT;). Berenice. I. 

1. The wife of Ptolemy I. Suter, and mother of Ptole- 
my II. Philndelphiis. 2. Daughter of Ptolemy IL 
Phitadelphus, arid wife of Antiochus The-os, king of 
Syria. 3. Wife of Ptolemy HI. Eaergetes. Her hair 

was fabled to have become a constellation. II, 1. 

A city in Upper Egypt, on the coast of tke Red Sea 

2. A city in Cyrenaicn, the ruins of which are now 
called Ben Ghaii, Plin. 

BERENiCeUS, a, um. Belonging to Bere- 
nice, B. vertex,. Catull. 

BeReKiCIS, idia,/. The district of Berenice, 

BERGQiMAS, atis. Belonging to Bergo- 
mum, B. raunicipium, Inacr. Iji the plur., Bergo- 
mates, ium, The inhabitants of Bergomum, 

BERGOMUM, i, n. (Be'pyo/xoi'). Bergomum, a 
town in Gallia Transpadana, now Bergamo, Plin.; 

BEROE, es, /. (BepoTj). Beroe. 1, The nurse 
of Semele, Ov. 3. A danghter of Oceamts, Virg. 3. 
The wife of Doryclns, Virg. 

BeRCEA or BERRHCEA, €B, /. (Be'poia or Be^ 
poLo). Beraa. 1. An ancient city of Macedonia, 
southwest of Peila, now Verria. 2. A fortified town 
in the interior of Thrace. 3. A town in Syria, now 
Aleppo, Liv. ; Plin. 

BERCE^US, J, m. An inhabitant of Be- 
rcca, Liv. 

BeRCEENSES, um. The inhabitants of 
Beraia, Plin. 

BeRoSUS, i, m. (BrjpuKTos). Berosus, aprie9t 
of Belus, at Babylon, who lived in. the time of Antio- 
chus II., aiid wrote in Greek a history of Babylonia, 

BERYLLUS, i, m. (^^puAAos). L A) Beryl, 
aquamarine, a precious stone of a sea-green coUrr. 
Plm. B) Poet.: A ring made of that sub- 
stance, Prop. II. Beryllua aeroides (jS^puX- 

Aos aepoeifi-^?), Sapphire, Plin. 

BeRYTiUS, a, um. Belonging to Berytus, 
B. vinum, Plin. ; B. uva, Id. 

BeRyTUS, i, /. (Btjpvtos)- Berytus, a towi 
andharbor in Pha:uicia, now Beyroul, Plin.; Tac, 

BES, bessia, m. (be-as, i. e. binse partes asais). 1. 
A) Two thirds of an as or of a whole, fenus 
ex triente factum erat bessibus, instead of one third 
{monthly interest), two thirds wa-e paid; after nur mod- 
ern calcnlation=.eigkt per cent, instead of four per 
cc7?r.,Cic. — B) Melon.: The number eight,UML 

II. 771 Mathematics, where the cardinal numba^ 

is six, bes deytotes Fo u r, Vitr. ; hence, b. alter, I3, Id. 

BESSaLIS, e (bes). I. Containing eight,h. 
laterculus, eight inches long, Vitr. ; b. scutula, Mart. 
\l. Melon., of any thing of minor value, Petr. 

BESSI, orum, m. (BeVtroi or B^trtroi). Th» 
Bessi, a Thracian tribe on Mount H<£mus, Cic; 
Ctes.; Plin. 

BESSICUS, a, um. Belonging to the BeS' 
si, B. gens, of tke Bessi, Cic 

BESSUS, 1, m. (B^(T<ros). Bessjis, a governor 
of Baciria, the a$sassin of Darius Codomannm^ Curt. 


KKSTIA, vs, f. {akin to ^ou?, Sanacr. pus, to 
nourish). 1, An animal [as a creature without 
reason, opp. man ; but animfil:=(i liviiig' being, man 
included], si hoc apparet in bestiis quanto id magis 
in homiue (it natura, &c., Cic. ; bestiats in perturba- 
tionesnonincidunt, Id. ; b. aquatiles, Id. ; nauttsb., 

Liv. As epithet; Beast, Plaut. II, Esp. : A 

wild beast intended to fight with gladiators or 
crimhials (as a lio7t, tiger, panther, itc), niittere 
alqm ad beetias, Cic. ; objicere aliqin beetiis, Asin. 
Poll, ap. Cic. ; bestiarum d« Jinatio, i. e. to fight with 
wild beasts. Dig. He7ice.Fi htte. 

BESTIA, aj, m. A cognymen of the Calpurnian 
gens, Cic. 

BESTIaRIUS, a, um (bestia). I. Belongilig 
to a toild beast, b. Indus, a Jight with wild Ueasts, 

Sen 11. Subst., bestinrius, ii, m., One who 

fights in the public games with wild beasts, 
ducenti b., Cic. 

BESTiOLA, 8B,/. dim. (bestia). A little ani- 
mal, animalcule, disaimiilimiB bestiolis commn- 
niter cibua quaaritur, Cic! 

Beta, 93 [akin to Pot6<;, fed, ^oravT}, herb). Beet, 
a plant, Cic. ; Plin, Hence, Fr. belle. 

BETA, n. ind., and BETA, cb, /. (jS^ra). I. The 
Greek name of the second letter of the alphabet {pure 
Latin be), Juv.; Aus. II. Melon.: The sec- 
ond in any thing (as alpha denotes the first), 

BeTAC£US, u, um (beta). Of beet, b. pedes, 
beet-root, Varr. Subst., betaceus, i, m. (sc. pes), 
Beet-root, Pliu. 

BeTiZARE or BETISSARE (from the softness 
of the plant beta), used by Augustus for languere, 
Suet.; covf. languidior tenera beta, Catull. 

BETCLA (betuUa), bb, /. (A Gallic word. Com- 
pare Cornish bezula). The birch-tree, Plin. 

BIaNOR, oris, m. Bianor. 1. A centaur, Ov. 
2. An old hero of Mantua, Virg. 

BIAS, antie, m. (Bia?), Bias, a Greek philoso- 
pher, a native of Priene, in Ionia, one of the seven 
wise men of Greece, Cic. ; Val. Max. 

BIBaCSlUS, i, m. A Roman cognomen, e. g. of 
the prator L. Furius, Liv. 

BfBfeRiUS CALDIUS MeRO. A satirical name 
for Tiberius Claudius Nero, from his propensity for 
drink. Suet. 

BIBLIOPoLA, ae, m. OtpAtoTrw^jjs)- A book- 
seller, Plin. ; Mart. 

BIBLi5THECA, se,/. (/StjSAtoe^'Krj). A library, 
collection of books, Cic, 

BIBLiSTHECARIUS, ii, m. (bibliotheca). A li- 
brarian, Front. E. ad Caes. 

BIBLUS, i, /. (^Cp\os, jSvjSAos). Poet, for papy- 
rus, Luc. 

BiBO, bibi, without sup. 3 v. a. and n. (IIIa>, mt-oj, 
Sanscr. pa, pa, piva, to drink). To drink. I. 
A) Gen. : b. vina, Hor. ; b. nectar, Id. ; b. potionem, 
Quint. ; b. venenum. Id. ; b. gemmS, Virg. ; aut bi- 
bat aut abeat (the Greek t\ -nidi t} airiQi), drink or be off, 
Cic. — Poet. : b. pocula, /or e poculis, Hor. ; b. uvam, 
for vinum. Id. ; b. flumen, i. e. to live on the river's 
side, Virg. ; Hor.; b. nomen alcjs, to drink as many 
glasses as there are letters in the name, Mart; b. 
mandata, to drown by drink, to forget by drinking. 
Id. B) Melon. Of things: To suck in, ab- 
sorb, drink, metreta oleum non bibit, Cat. ; am- 
phora tumujn b. instituta, Hor. ; laiia b. colorem, 
Plin. ; nrcusb., draics tcaier, Virg. ; hastab. cruorem, 


drinic/t or bathes itself in blood, Id. II, Fig. : 

To drink, suck in, absorb, b. haustus justitia?. 
Quint. ; b. omnem succum ingenii, Id. ; b. amorem, 
Virg, ; b. totis ossibus novum ignem, the same, Stat. 
Hence, Ital. bevere, Fr. boire. 

BIBRACTE, is, n. (BC^paxTa). Bibracte, the 
capital of the Mdui, later Augustodunum, now prob- 
ably An tun, Caes. 

BIBRAX, actis, n. Bibrax, a town of Gaul, in. 
the territory of the Remi, now Bievre, Caes. 

BIBRoCI, orum, m. Bibroci, a British tribe, 

BiBttLUS, a, um (bibo). That willingly or 
easily drinks, Hor. Meton. of things : Suck- 
ing in, absorbing, Ov.; Virg.; b. aures, ready 
to hear, drinking in or listening atteiitively, Pers. ; 
b. charta, blotting-paper, Plin. 

BIBCLUS, i, m. A Roman cognomen, e. g. M. 
Calpurnius B., who was consul with Ccesar A.U.C. 
695, Suet. 

BtCEPS, cipTtis (bis, caput). I. TVith two 
heads, puella nata b., Cic; b. puer, Liv.; b. Ja- 
nus, Ov. ; b. Parnassus, with a double summit, Id. 

II. Fig. Divided, split, b. civitas, split 

into two parties, Varr. ap. Non. ; Flor. 

BI-COLOR, oris (bis, color). Two-colored, b. 
equus, Virg.; b. bacca (green and black), Ov. ; b. 
myrtus, stetl-blue. Id. 

BiCORNiGER, eri, m. (bis, corniger). Two- 
ho-rned, a surname of Bacchus, Ov, 

BiCORNIS, e (bis, cornu). Tjdo- horned, 
double-horned, b. animal, Plin.; b. caper, Ov. 
Poet.: Of a two-pronged fork, Yirg.; of the new moon, 
Hor. ; of the R/iine, because its mouth is divided into 
two principal branches, Virg. Subst., Bicomes, 
Ho rned animal s for sacrifice, Inscr. 

BICORPOR, oris (bis, corpus). Having two 
bodies, b. Gigantes, Nibv. ap. Priec. ; b. manus, Cic. 

BlCtJBlTlLIS e (bis, cubitus). Two cubits 
long, b. caulis mei, Plin. 

BI-DENS, entiB (bis, dens). I. Having two 
teeth, two-pronged, b. ancora, Plin. ; b. forfex, 

Vii'g. ; b, ferrum, the same, Id, II. Subst. A) 

A kindof hoe with two prongs, Virg.; Col. Meton. 
poet, for Agriculture, Juv. — B) A full-grown 
animal for sacrifice (that has its two rows of teeth), 
Ov. ; Hor. ; Plin, Meton. poet, for a sheep, PliEedr. 

BIDENTAL, alls, 7!. A place struck by 
light n i ng, where afterward an altar was erected, 
and a sheep two years old (bidens) was offered, Hor. ; 

BIDuUM, \,n. (sc. tempus). A space of two 
days, eximant unum aliquem diem aut eummum 
b. ex raense, Cic; supplicationes in biduum decre- 
tae, Liv. 

BIDt5US, a, um (bis, dies). Of two days, b. 
tempus, Liv. 

BIENNIS, e (biennium). Lasting two years, 
b. spatium, Suet. 

BiENNIUM, ii, n. (bis, annus). A space of 
two years, two years, tribmii plebis tulerunt de 
provinciis, ille biennium, iste sexennium, Cic. ; ad 
res conficiendas b. sibi sads esse duxerunt, Ca;8. 

BiFlRIAM, adv. (bifarius). Tii two places, 
in two parts, twice, b. quatuor perturbationes 
equaliter distributse sunt Cic, ; castra b. facta, Liv. 

BiFlRJUS,a,um(bis,for). Two-fold, double, 
b. ratio, Amm. 



BIFER, 6ra, 6rum (bia, fero). I. Bearing 

fruit twice, Varr.; Plin.; Virg. II. Melon.: 

Dottble-shaped, Manil. 

BIFIDUS, a, um (bis, findo). Split or divided 
into two jjarls, Plin.; Ov. 

BIFORIS, e (bis, to lis). I, Having two doors, 
folds, or leaves, b. valvas, Ov. II. Hav- 
ing two opening s, App. 

BiFORMaTUS, a, um (bis, forma). Double- 
shaped^ Cic. poet. 

BiFORMIS, e (bis, formfi). Double-shaped, 
having two forms, b. monstrum, i. e. Mlaotau- 
rus, Ov. ; b. Janus, Id.; b. partus hominum, Tac. 
Fig-t of apoet, as man and swan, Hor. 

Bii-FRONS, ontis (bia, Irons). Double-front- 
ed, doubl e- faced, b. Janus, Virg. 

BIFURCUS, a, um(bia,fQrca). Two-pronged, 
two-forked, b. ramus, Ov.; b. valli, Liv.; b. ar- 
bores, Plin. 

BIGA, £6. See Big-'e, 

BiGjE, arum {posl-Aug. also in the sing, biga, 
ffi), /. (contr. from biJugiE). A two- horsed vehi- 
cle or chariot, Varr. ap. Non. ; Virg.; Tac. 

BiGaTUS, a, um (biga;). Marked with a 
chariot drawn by two horses (i. e. biga;) ; of 
silver coin, b. argentum, Liv. Subst., bigatus, i, m. 
(sc. numus), a coin bearing the above stamp, bigse, 
Plin. ; Liv. ; Tac. 

BiGERRA, IE,/. Bigerra, a toion of Hispania 
Tarraconensis, Itl the territory of the Orctani, Liv. 

BiGERRioNES, um, or BIGERRI, orum, m. 
Bigerriones, a people of Aquiiania, noio Bigor- 
re, Cass. 

BIJOGI, orum,m. (sc. equi). A pair of horses, 

BiJtjGIS, e (bis, jugum). L Of, for, or with 
two horses, h. equi, Virg. II. Meton.: Dou- 
ble, Claud. 

BiJtJGUS, a, um (bis, jugum). Yoked as a 
pair, b. leones, Virg. 

BILBiLIS, is, /. Bilbilis. \. A town of His- 
pania Tarraconensis, on the River Salo, the native 

place of Martial, now Baubola, Mart. II. 

The River Salo, near Bilbilis, now Xalona, Just. 

BILBiLiTaNUS, a, um. Belonging to Bil- 
bilis, aqute B., viineral springs near Bilbilis, Itin. 

Bi-LIBRA, £e, /. (bis, libra). 2' wo po^inds, b. 
farris, Liv. 

BiLiBRJS,e(bilibra). Weighing two pounds, 
of two pounds, Plin. Subst., bilibris, Ip, /., A 
quantity nf two pounds, Veg. 

BiLINGUIS, e (bis, lingua). Having tzoo 

tongues. I. A) Prop., Plaut. B) Meton. : 

Speaking two languages, Hor. II. 

Fig.: Double-tongued, i. e. false, hypocr it- 
ical, Virg.; Pheedr. 

BiLioSUS, a. um (bilis). Full of bile, bil- 
ious, Gels. Subst., biliosus, i, m., A bilious pcr- 
son^ Id. 

BiLIS, ia, /. (akin to fel). I. Bile (the fluid it- 
self, while fel signifles the vessel containing the bilis). 
Gels.; Cic. Ijt the plur.: biles, yellow and black 
bile, Plin.; b. suffusa, a bilious fee cr, Id.; hciuc, 

bile sufl'usu^, one who has a bilious fever. Id. 

II. Meton. A) Bile, i. e. anger, vexation, dis- 
pleasure, &,c., bilera id commovet, that moves the 
bile, causes vexation or anger, Cic. ; jecuv tumet bile, 
Hor.; expellere bilem meraco, Id. — B) nti-n (or 


nigra) b., black bile, i. e. melancholy, Cic. 2) Rage, 
frenzy, atra bill percita est, Plaut. 

BILIX, icis (bis, licium). 2'hat has two 
threads, two -threaded, Virg. 

BiLUSTRIS, e (bis, lustrum). That lasts two 
lustra, i. e. ten years, b. bellum, Ov. 

BIMAMMiUS, a, um (bis, mamma). That hag 
two breasts. Meton.: That has double clus- 
ters, b. vites, Plin. 

BiRIaRIS, e (bis, mare). Situate on two 
seas; poet, epithet of Corinth, Hot.; Ov. Melon.: 
b. morbus, Aub. 

Bi-MaRITUS, i, m. (bis, maritus). The hus- 
band of two wives. Plane, ajj. Cic. 

BIMaTRIS, f> (bis, mater). Having two 
moth e_r s ; an epithet of Bacchus, Ov. 

BIMaTUS, us, m. (bimus). The age of two 
years, Plin. ; Col. 

BiMEMBRIS, e (bis, merabrum). Having 
two members, b. puer, half hitman, half animal, 
Juv. ; usually a poet, epithet for the centaurs (i. e. 
half h uman, half horse), Ov. ; Sil. Subst., bimem- 
brea, Virg. 

BIMESTRIS.e (bis, mensis). Of two months, 
two-monthly, b. consulatus. Plane, ap. Cic.; b. 
etipendiuni, Liv.; b. porcus, Hor. 

BiMC'LUS, a, um, dim. Of two years, SueL; 

BiMUS, a, um (bis). Of two years, b. semen, 
Plin. ; b. surculi, Id. ; una veterana legio, altera 
bima, octo tironum, Plane, ap. Cic. ; b. merum, 
Hor. ; b. sententia, a vote respecting the prohnga^ 
lion of a provincial administration for two years, Cic. 

BINGIUM, ii, n. Bingium, a town ofiheBa- 
tavion thcRJune, now Bingen, Tac. 

EiNI, te, a {in the sing., LucrJ (bis). Two. dis- 
tribuiively ; two to each. I. Prop.: describe- 
bat censores binos in singulas civitates, Cic; uni- 
cuique vestrum bini pedes (campi) assignentur, Id.; 
turres binorum tabulatorum, Cses. ; inermes cum 
binis vestimentis ab Sagunto esiro, Liv. Hence, 
with plur. subst. only: te binas meaa (literas) ac- 
cepisse, unas a Pindenisso. alteras a Laodicea, Id.: 
inter b. castra. Id. ; b. copias hostium, Id. Before 
otiier numbers: bina millia passuum, Quint — ; — 
II. Meton. Of things that are found in pats or 
match with each other: binos (scyphos) habebam, a 
set of cups, two cups that match with each other, Cic. ; 
per b. tabellarios. Id. ; b. aures, Virg. ; b. frena, Id. 

BiNOCTiUM, ii. 71. (bis.nox). A space of two 
nights, two nights, Tac. 

BiNoMlNIS, e. (bis, nomen). That has two 
names, b. Asciinius {called also lulus), Ov. 

BIf;US, a, um. See Bini. 

BIoN, onis, m. (Bitav). Biov. L A bucolicpoet, 
a native of Smyrna. 2. A philosopher, a Jiative of 
Borysthenes. famed for his sharp sayings, Cic. ; Hor. 

BioNkUS, a,um. Of or belonging to Bion; 
sharp^ witty, sarcrtsiic, b. sermones, Hor. 

BtPILiUM, ii, w. (bia, pala). A spade with a cross- 
bar at a certain height above the blade, vpon which 
the laborer pressed his foot in digging, and thus 
drove the blade twir^ the depth of the com.mon spadt 
or pala. C;iL : Col. 

BIPALMIS. e (bis, palmus). Of two spans,h. 
tabulie, \'nrr. ; b. epiculum, Liv. 

Bi-PARTiO (bipert.), no perf, itura, 4 v. a. (bis, 
partio). To divide into two parte, sx alr«ro 
genere quod erat bipartitnm. Cic. 

. BI-PARTiTO, adv. (biparUo). In two parts, 
doublij, h. cUissem distributam fuisao, Cic. ; b. 
signa infeire, Cms. ; b. collocatiainsiLliisin silvis, Id. 

Bf-PiTEN:r, entis (bis, pateo). Open on both 
side.t, Virg. 

BI-PeDaLIS, e (bis, pedalis). Two feet long, 
wide, or think, b. trabes, Cic; b. materia, Id. 
> BiPENNIFEIl,era,Srum (bipennis, fero). Bear- 
iiig a two-edged axe, Ov. 

BiPENNIS, e(bis, penna). Having two wings, 
b. insectum, Plin. 

BIPENNIS, e (bis, pinna). Having two edges, 
h. ferrum, Virg. Subst., bipennis, is,/, (sc. securis), 
A two -edged axe, Ov.; Virg.; Tac. 

B1-PeS, edis (bis, pes). Two-footed, Virg.; 

BIReMIS, o (bis, remua). I. Having two 
oars, b. lembi, Liv.; b. scapha, Hor. Subst., bi- 
remis, is, /, A small twa- oared boat, Luc. 

II. Also, A galley with two banks of 

oars. Cic. ; Cies. ; Tac. 

BIS, adv. num. (for dvis, fi-om dvo (duo), the 
dental being dropped, as bellum for duellum). 1. 
Twice,in two, in a twofold manner, doubly, 
in two ways, b. improbus fuisti, Cic; ludos ap- 
parare b. terque. Id.; quum serael aut b. audierit, 
Quint. ; b. consul, that has been consul twice [itorum 
consul, that is consul for the second time], Cic. ; b. 
in die,^t7oice a day ; for which, bis die, Cels. ; Hor. ; 
and, quotidie b., Liv. ; h. in anno, Varr, ; for which, 
h. anno, Plin. With distributive, nvmbers: bis bina 
quot essent, Cic. ; b. millies, Liv. Joined to a car- 
dinal 7iumber it expresses, ia poetry, that number 
taken twice: b. quinque dies, labores, Ov. ; b. quin- 
que viri. Hor. ; b, centum annos, Ov. ; b. tanto or 
b. tantiim, twice as great, twice as much, Plaut. ; 

Virg. II. Ta compound words bis drops the s 

(jvst like Sl<; iJt Greek), bidens, bifer, bilix, &c. 

BiSALTjE, arum, m. (Bio-aArat)- The Bisaltce, 
a Thracian people on the River Sirymon, Liv. ; the 
country they inhabited was called Bisaltica, as,/., Id. ; 
for which, Bisaltia, Gi?]l. ' 

BISALTIS,idis,/.(BtcraATt5). Theophane, daugh- 
- ter of Bisalies, changed by Neptune into a sheep, Ov. 

BISANTHE, es, /. (Bi(rai/0T;). Bis an the, a 
town of Thrace on the Propontis, a colony ofSamos, 
inlatertimes'ii.h?edestas,nowRodostb, Plin.; Nep. 

BIS3EXTUS, 1,771. (sc. dies). Aji iritercalary 
day; because the iioenty fourth and the twenty-fifth 
of February were both styled the sixth of the Cal- 
ends of March (bis sextus), once iu four years, Dig. 

BISON, ontis, m. (fiCa-iov), i. q. urus, Plin. 

BIS'J'ONES, um, m. (BiVroi'ef). The Bi stones. 
I. A people of Thrace between Mount Rliodope and 

the ^gean Sea, Plin. II, Gen.: Thrace, Luc; 

Val. FI. 

BISTONIA, 86,/. (Bto-Tovta). The country of 
the Bis tones, also poet, for Thrace, Val. Fl. 

BIST5NIS, idis,/. (Bio-TOf^). Of or belong- 
ing to the Bistones, Thracian, Ov. Subst.: 
A Thracian woman, a Bacchant or female 
worshipper of Bacchus, Hor. 

BIS'J'ONlUS, a, um {Bkftovio^). I. Of or he- 
longing to the Bist07ies,hviC\:. II. Gen.: 

Thracian, Ov. 

BfSULCt-LINGUA, bb (bisulcus). With a clo- 
ven tongue. Fig.: A double-tongued per- 
son, a hypocrite, Plaut. 

Bl-SULCUS, a, um (bis, buIcub, divided into two 

furrows; hence gcv.), I. Divided or split into 

two parts, b. ungula, a clooen hoof Pliu. II. 

Subst, bisulca, orum, ?/. (sc. animalia). Animals 
that have cloven hoofs [opp. solidipedes un- 
cloven, Plin. ; rarely in the sing. Id. 

BiTHyNIA, SB,/. (BteiWa). Bitkynia, a coun- 
try of Asia Minor, to the east of Mysia and the Pro- 
pontis, and to the south of the Pontics Euxinus, 
Plin^; Tac 

BiTHyHICUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Bithynia, B. societas, Cic. Subst., Bithynicus, i, 
a surname o/Q,. Pompeius, the conqueror of Bithyn- 
ia, Cic. ; and also of his son. Id. 

BiTHyNION, ii, n. {^levviov). Biihynion, « 
town of Bithynia, later Claudiopolie, Plin. 

BITHYNIS, idis, /. (Bieui/i's). A woman of 
Bithynia, Ov. 

BiTH yNiUS, a, um. Bithynian, Col. Subst., 
Bithynii, The inhabitants of Bithynia, Plin. 

BITHyNUS, a. um. Bithynian, Hor.; Tac 
Subst., Bitbyni, The ijihabitants of Bithynia, 
Plin^; Tac. 

BlTO, ere. See Beto. 

BiTO or -ON. onis, m. (BiTtDc). Biton, a son 
of the priestess Cydippe, a brother of Cleobis, renown- 
ed for filial love, Cic. 

BtTUiMEN, inis, n. {probably for -pitumen, akin to 
ttLtvs, ttCtto). B itumen, asphalt {ahlndof min- 
eral pitch). V\in.; Tac; Jurit. 

BiTOMINaTUS, a, um (bitumen). Mixed with 
bitumen, b. aqua, Plin. 

BITuMINeUS, a, um (bitumen). Consisting 
of bitumen, b. viref^, poet, for bitumen, Ov. 

BiTORICUS, a. um. Of or belonging to 
the Bitnrig es, B. vitis, Col.; Plin. 

BiTORiGES, um [in the sing. Biturix, Luc), m. 
(BiTOTj'pi'yes)- The Bituriges, a people of Gallia 
Aguitania, divided into two tribes, B. Cubi, in the 
country of the modern Bourges, Plin,; Hirt. ; and, 
B. Ubisci, near Bordeaux, Plin. 

BfViUM, ii, n. (bivius). A place with two 
ways or where two ways meet, quum ad bivia 
consietcrfS, Liv. 

BiVfUS, a. um (bis, via). Having two roads, 
dividing into two ways, b. fauces, Virg.; b. 
calles, Val. FI. 

BLjESUS, a, ura ((SAato-og, akin to balbus). 
Speaking inarticn lately, stammering, 
lisping, Ov. Of a pan'ot, Id. Of drunken per- 
sons, Juv. 

BLANDA, IB, /. Blanda. 1. A town on the 
coast of Lucania, near the modern S. Biasio, Liv.; 
Mel. 2. A smalltown on the coast of Hispavia Tar- 
rac, near the modern village Blanos, Pliu. ; Mel. 

BLANDE, adv. (blandus). Soothingly, flat- 
teringly, courteously ; fawning ly, h. ro- 
gare, Cic. Compar., b. petere. Id. Superl., b. ap- 
pellare alqm, Id. 

BLANDfDiCUS, (blandus, dice). Smooth- 
tongved, that speaks soothingly, Plaut. 

BLANDILOQUENS, entis (blandus, loquor). 
Smooth-tongued, fair-spo ken, Laber. ap. 

BLANDiL5QUENTt5LUS, a, um, dim. Smooth- 
tongued, fair-spoken, Plaut 

BLANDiLOQUUS, a, um (blandus, loquor). 
Speaking flatteringly, flatten ing, Plaut. . 

BLANDiMENTUM,i,7i. (blandior). I. Flatter- 
ing or toot king speech, flattery, captus 


blandimentis, Liv. In the sins'. •' ^- sublevavit me- 

turn. II. Metun. gen. A) Agreeableness, 

hlandiskmeiii, multa nobis b. natura ipsa genuit, 
Cie, ; blandimentis vitae evicta, Tac. ; sine appara- 
tu, sine blandimentis expellunt I'amem, coaxings of 
ike appetite, i, e. seasoned meats, sauce. Id. B) Care- 
ful attention or culture, hoc blandimento im- 
petfiitis radicibus, Plin. 

BLANDIOR, iv.dt'p.n.(h\andus). To caress, 
flatter, soothe, faiv li upon, £cc. 1. Prop. : de 
Comniageno mirifice mihi ct per se et per Pompo- 
nium blnnditur Appius, Cic. ; Hanibalem pueriliter 
blandientem patri, ut duceretur in Hispaniam, 
Liv. ; cessit tibi blandienti Cerberus, Hor. ; b. auri- 
bus, to gratify or tickle ike ears, Ov, ; b. aibi, to im- 
agine, any tking, to flatter one^s self, to deceive one's 

self. Dig. If. Miion. Of tking s: To flatter 

by any tking agreeable, to allure, invite, to he 
favorable, dkc, video, quam sua vitervoluptas sen- 
sibus nostris blandiatur, Cic. ; ignoscere vitiie blan- 
dientibus. Tac; blandiebatiir coeptis fortuna, Id. 

BLANDITER, fldu. (blandus). Flatteringly, 
courteously, alluringly, Plaut 

BLANDiTlA, m. f. (blandus). I. A caressing, 
coaxing, flattering (in, Ike sing, and plur.), 
in cive excelso atque homini nobili blanditiam, os- 
tentationem, ambitionera notam esse levitatis, Cic. ; 
hereditates malitiosis b. quassitae, Id. 11. Me- 
lon. Of tkings: Pleasantness, blandishment, 
blanditiis priKsentium voluptatum deliniti atque 
corrupd, Cic. ; b. rerum tahum, Quint. 

BLANDlTlM, adv. (blanditus). Caressingly, 

BLANDITUS, n, um. I. Part, o/blandior. 

II. Adj.: Agreeable, pleasing, b. rosae, Prop. ; 
b. pcrcgrinatio, Plin. 

BLANDUS, a. um {akin to tke Gr. a-/3Aa5-etJs = 
rjSiii}^, and Gaelic bladh, blanndar, jlaiury). 
Caressing, flattering (witk words or deedft), 
coaxing, fav>ning. I. Prop.: secerni b. ami- 
cus a. vera tarn potest, &c., Cic. ; scis me minime 
esse b., Id. ; b. esse volumus (patroni). Quint- Po- 
et, withgen.: b. precum, Stat. With ace. : b. senas 
vocemque, Id. IFilh inf., Hor.; Stat. IL Me- 
lon, gen.: Flattering, en ticing, alliiri ng, 
ckarming, pleasant, invitab-itUr illecebris blan- 
daj voluptatis, Cic ; tie blanda aut supplici oratione 
fallamur, Id. Compar.: blaudiores succi, Plin. 
Superl. : voluptates, blandissimad dominaj, most 
char^nin^ mistresses, Cic, 

BLaTeRO, 1 V a. (akin to balo). To babble, 
prate, Hor. ; GhII. 

BLSTeRO, oriis, m. A babbler, A\ict.n\>. GeU. 

BLJtTiO, ire, v. a- (akin to balo). To talk fool- 
ishly, to prate, babble, Plaut. 

BLATTA, te, /. (akin to (SAawrto). 1. A black- 
beetle, a cockroach, Virg. ii. An insert thai cats 
clothes, books, Sic, a tin -worm, motk, book- 
worm, Hor. 

BLATTaRIUS, a, um (blatta). Of or belong- 
ing to blatta, b,hi(\neti,\.e. a dark batking-room 
(so calh'd by reason of blattts shnniing Ifgkt), Sen. 

BLf;Mf jE, arum, and BLKMYES. um, m. The 
BlenujtE, an jEthinpian piople, on the borders of 
Uppi^' Egypt, to which their predatory incursions 
were vtry troublesome in the time of the Roman em- 
perora, Plin. ; Claud. 

BLLNNUS, i, m. i^Xivvos). A dolt, Plaut. 

BOaRIUS, a, um (boe). Of or relating to 


o%en or cattle, b. forum, the cattle-market at Rome, 
near tke Circus Maximns, Liv. ; Tac. 

BOCCHAR, aris (Boechor, oris), ?n. Bocchar, 
a king of Mauritania, Liv. Poet.: An African, 

BOCCHUS, i, m. Bocchus. a king of Mauri- 
tania, the fatkcr-in-law of Jugvrlha, Sail. 

BODOTRIA, iB, f. An estuary on the east coast 
of Scotland, now tke Fritk of Forth, Tac. 

BCEBE, es,/. (Bot'^Tj). Babe, a town of Tkessa- 
ly, On tke Lake BcE.beis, Ov. 

BCEBElS LACUS (Boi^Tjty X[>M)). The Lake 
Bcebeis, in Tkessaly, Plin. 

BCEoTARCHES, ie. m. (BotioT(xp;<7js). ^ Ba/h 
tar ck, one of tke chief magistrates in Baoiia, Liv. 

BCEoTiA, m, f. (BoiwTi'a). Bmotia, a diatriiA 
of Greece, to tke nortk of Attica, Cic. ; Plin. 

BCEoTICUS, a,ui:ii(Bor.wTi/c6s). Bceotian^T^xi. 

BCEOTIS. idis, /. (Botwri's). For Bceotia, Md. 

BCEoTiUS, a, um (Boiwrtoy). Baotian, B.Ba- 
cis, Cic. /« tke plur., Bceotii, orura, m., BcEoii- 
ans, Nep. 

BCEol'US, a, um (Botwros). Bceolian, Ov.; 
Stat. In tke plur., Bceoti, orum, m., Tke Baoti- 
an s, Liv. 

BOeTHIUS, ii. m. Boelkius, a celebrated phi- 
losopher and statesmun under Theodoric. 

BoETHUS, i, 771. Baetku!^. 1. A statuary and 
engraver in silver, Cic. 2. A Stoic phiiosopker, Cic. 

B5GUD (Bogus), udis, m. Bogud, a king of 
Mauritania, Auct. B. Alex. ; Bogndiana Mauritania, 
his territory, Plin. 

BOtA, ae./. I. Boia, tke capital of the 'BoW, CfBS. 
II. A wo ma 71 ofikis people, Plaut. 

BOIHeMUM, i, n. Baihemum, a part of Ger- 
many in wkick tke Bnii arc said to have settled, after 
having crossed tke Rkme. It answers in part to the 
modern Bokem/a. Tac. 

BOII, orum, m. (Boloi). Tke Boii, one of the 
most powerful of iJie Celtic tribes, said to kave dvicU 
originally in Ganl. At an early period, they mi- 
grnted in two great sjcarms. one of which sealed be- 
tween the Po and Ike Apenuint.-^, the other vi Germa- 
ny, CfcbS. ; Tac. See Boihemum 

BoLA, IB, and BOL^. arum./. (BwAa). Bola, 
a tow7t of the JEgni, in Lntium, Virg. ; Liv. Hence, 
Bolanus. a, um, Of or belo7iging to Bola, B. 
ager, Liv. Snbst., Bolani, orum, m., Tke in hab- 
it an is of Bola, Id. 

BoLeTU.S. i, m. (^diAirrjs). A superior kind of 
mu shroom, Plin. 

BOLUS, i, ni. {^6ko^). I. A cast at dice. Plaut. 

II. (,A rai't of a net; hence, miMtn) A) That 

wkick is cangkt, a draught, S'let. — B)^^^.: 
Profit, gain, b. mihi ereptus e ffiucibus, Ter.; 
bolo tangere or multi\re alqm, to s?iatch away one's 
gain. Plant. 

BOMBO.M \CHiDES, w. in. (^ofx^w; and fj-axofiai). 
A comic nan}.e of a bragging soldier, Plaut. 

BOMBUS, i, m. Odfipo?). A kind of low or 
dead sound; tkehmjimingofhcrs.ihesoundofa 
horn, a sound of applause, &c., Varr 

BOMBfClNUS, a. um (bombyx- Of silk, 
silken, b. vestifi, Plin. 

BOMByLIUS, ii. m. Oofi|8vXios). Tke larva 
of the silk-worm^ PUn. 

BOMBYX, ycis, m. (fio^x^v^. I. A silk-wOTttt, 

Plin. II. A) Melon. A silk dress. Id. — B) 

Gen.. The fine threads of cotton, Id. 


B6MILCAR, aris, to. Bomilcar. 1. A Cartka- 
ff in ian general, the contemporary of Agaikucles,5\\sl. 
2. A Numidian, deep hi tke confidence of Jagurlha^ 
and Tcho effected far him the assassination of Massi- 
va, Siill. 

BONA DeA. a Roman divinity^ worshipped by 
the Roman females with peculiar solemnitiea, Cic. ; 

B5NiTAS, atis, /. (bonus). Good quality, 
goodness, both bodily ar.d nental. I. Bodily, or 
of concrete objects : propter agrorutn bonitatem, 
Cic; thus, b. prffidiorum, Id ; b. soli, Quint.; b. 
vini, Plin. ; b. vocis, Cic. II. Mental, or of ab- 
stract objects. A) Gen. : bonitas natura;, Cic. ; in- 

genii bonitas. Id.; b. verborum, Id. B) Esp. 1) Of 

character: Goodness, honesty, integrity, vir- 
tue, perspicere virtutem et bonitatem alcja, Cic 
2) Of behavior toward others: Goodness, kind- 
ness, friendliness, benignity, id non sine di- 
vina bonitate erga homines fieri arbitrantur, Cic. ; 
uti deorum bonitate, Id. 

BONNA, ae./. Bonn, on the Rhine, Tac. 

BONNENSIS.e. Of or belonging to Bonn, 

BONoNiA, ae,/. Bononia. 1. A town in Gal- 
lia Cii^adana, now Bologna. 2. A town in the 
north of Gaul, now Boulogne. 

BONoNlENSIS. Of or belonging to Bono- 
nia. C. Rusticellus B., Cic- 

BONUM, i, n. A good, bodily or spiritual. 
I. Relating to the body; in the plur., bona: The 
goods of fortune, temporal blessings, 
property, riches, prosperity, good circum,- 
stances, Slc, b. asaequi, Cic; b. alien a, Id.; b. 
publicare, Id.; b. paterna, Quint.; curatio bono- 

rum, Id. II. Relating to spiritual affairs : We l- 

fare, happiness, prosperity, tria genera bono- 
rum ; maxima animi, secunda corporis, externa 
tertin, Cic. ; bona animi et corporis, Id. ; bonura 
mentis est virtus, Id. ; summum b., the chief good. 
Id. ; bona pacis, blessings, Tac. ; bonum publicum, 
the welfare of the state, Sail. ; Liv. ; bono esse alcui, 
to be best for any body, or to any one's advantage, Cic. ; 
cui bono fuit? for what good purpose or end? Id. 

BONUS, a, ura (Compar., melior, us ; Suprrl., op- 
timus, a, um). (Old form duonua, akin to Sanscr. 
divana, bright, pleasing, from the root du or diu, 
to be briiliantt to refresh.) Good, in the widest sense 
of the word ; of any bodily or spiritual excellency, e2> 
cellent, fit, right, &c. I. Bodily. A) Gen.: b. 
valetudo, Cic. ; bonis viribus esse, Id. ; b. tempes- 
tas. Id.; b. vina, Hor.- — B) Esp. 1) With words that 
denote measure, size, multitude, number, &c. : bo- 
nam partem sermonis esse dilatam, Cic ; bona co- 
pia librorum, Hor. 2) Wealthy, rich, viri b. 
usuras perscribunt, Cic. ; hence, res bonge, happy 

situation, haziness, Id. II. Mentally. A) Gen.: 

Good, apt, fit, excellent, noble, virtuous, 
&c, Polybiua, b. auctor in primis, Cic ; b. poeta. 
Id.; b. advocatus, Quint.; b. dux, fd. ; b. faiiia, Cic; 
bono animo esse, to be of good cheer, Id. ; forrokich, 
habere bonum animum, SalL ; Liv. ; b. dicta, witty 
sayings, bon mots ; cum b. venia audire alqd, with 
(any one's) kind permission, Liv. ; for which simply 

bond venid, Ter. B) Esp. 1) a) vir bonus, a 

good man, omnibus virtutibus instructos et oma- 
toB viros bonos dicimus, Cic In this sense also ab- 
solutely: ut bonos boni diligant aaciscantque sibi, 
Cic. b) With relation to ramk, position, &c. : Co n- 


siderable, esteemed. Cic. Hence absol., op^xmi 
for optimatea : earn optimam remp, esse duco, 
qute sit in potestate optimorum, Cic. c) (for ibr- 
tis) Brave, courag eous, valiant, boni atque 
ignavi, Sail. ; optimus quisque. Id. 2) a) Of behav- 
ior to others: Good, kind, kindly or favora- 
bly disposed or inclined toward any one, bonus 
atque beniguua. Hor. ; b. divi, Id. ; hence, an appel- 
lation of Jupiter : Jupiter Optimus Maximus (see 
JuPlTEn) ; hence also the Common formula, quod 
bonum, t'austum, felix, fortunatumque sit; dicere 
bona verba, words of good omen, favorable. Tih. b) 
Of things: Good for any thing, campi railiti Ro- 
mano ad proelium boni, Tac. With dat. : (mons) 
pecori bonus alendo, Liv. 3) bone, in addressing 
a person. My good fellow, O bone, Hor. Iron- 
ically : quid ais, bone custoa, Cic. ; thus, bone vir, 

BOOTES, £6, TO. (BowTT^s). Bootes, a constella- 
tion 7iear the Great Bear, called also Arctophylax, 
Cic; Ov. 

BOReAS, ffi, TO. (BopeoE or Boppas). I. The 
north-northeast wind, aquilo ; often used for 
the north wind, septentrio, Plin.; Ov. ; Virg. 

II. Meton. A) For the North, Hor. B) 

As a deity: Boreas, the son of Slrymon, father of 
Calais and Zeies, Ov. 

BOReUS or -lUS, a, um (/Sdpeto?). Of or be- 
longing to Boreas, Ov. 

BORYSTHeNES, ia, to. (Bopv(r9eiTjs). Borys- 
theves, a rioer of European Sarmatia, afterward 
D<inapis, jiow Dnieper, Plin.; Gell. 

BORYSTHeNIS, idis, /. (Bopva-eevC?). I. Be- 
longing to the Bory Htheji es. —II. Borys- 

thenis, a town on the Brtryslkenes, also called 01- 
bia and OlbiopoHs, now Kudak, Mel. 

BORYSTH£NlT^, arum (^oovtrBeviTaC). The 
inhabitants of the banks of t lie Borysthenes, 

BORYSTH£NIUS, a, um. Of or belonging 
to the Borysthev es, Ov, 

BoS, bovis, C. (most freq. m.) (^ouy). I. An ox 
or cow, Cic; Virg. In the fern., Liv.; Ov. ; Hor. 
Prov.: bovi clitullas irnponere, i. e. to confer an of- 
fice or employment on one who is not fit for it, Cic. ; 
the same ellipt., bos clitellas (sc. portabat), Quint. 
II. Melon. A) b. Lucas, an elephant ; see Lu- 
cas. B) A leathern thong, Plaut. 

BOSPORaNUS, i, m. (Boo-TTopai/o?). An inhab- 
itant of the Bo sporus Cimmcrius, Cic; 
Tac. Hence, adj., B. bellum, a war carried on with 
thai people, Tac. 

BOSPORlUS, a, um ('Qo<nropi6<;) . Of or be- 
Longing to the Bospornni, B. mare, Ov. 

BOSPORUS (Bosphorus is incorrect), i, to. (Botr- 
TTopos). Bosporus, (Ox-ford), the name of two 
straits. I. B. Tbracius, between Thrace and Asia 
Minor, now the Straits of Con stant inople, 

Mel. II. B. Ciramerius,^ea(/iH(^/rom the Black 

Sea into thai of Azoff. now the Straits of Caff a 
or Feodosia, Mel. 

BOTTi^A, m, f. (BoxTtata). Bottima, a dis- 
tr'ct in Macedonia, on the rishf. lank of the River 
Axius, Liv, Its inhabiiantft, Bottisei, Plin. 

BOTOLaRiUS, ii, TO. (botu'iiP). A sausage- 
maker, one who deals in sausages. Sen. 

BOTOLUS, i, TO. (Gr. ^vio, to stuff, ^vdaXov). A 
sausage. Mart.: Petron. 

BOVtlNUM, i, n. Bovianum, a town of Sam' 

mum, tke principal place of the Pentri^ now Boja- 
n o, Liv. ; siirnained Vetus, Plin. 

BOVILLjE, arum, niid-A, it,/. Bovillce, a town 
of Lfitium, on the. Via Appia, where Ciodius was 
killed by Mrin, Tac. 

BOVILLaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Bovillce, B. vicioitas, Cic. 

BRSBEUTA, la, m. (/SpajSeuTTj?). An umpire, 
a j itdge, who dislribuled prizes in the public games, 

BttAC-<E or BRACCjE, arum, rarely sing., BRa- 
CA nr BRACCA, le,/. {Celtic break, compare Scot- 
tish breeks, £«^Z, breeches). A Jan d of cover- 
ing for the le^s, Pantaloons, trowser s, Ov, ; 
Prop. Haicc, Iial. braehe, Fr. braies. 

BRaCaTUS (brace), a, um. That wears bra- 
r.ce ; hence, I. A) Foreign, barbarous, effem- 
inate, eic existimatis eos hie sagatos bracatosque 
versari, Cic. ; b. nationes. Id. B) Fsp. of Trans- 
alpine Gaul {for trausalpinus), Mel. ; Plin. ; braca- 
tai fognationis dedecus, relationship wiik persons 

from Gallia b., Cic. II. Dressed in a loose 

garment, Mel. 

BRaCHiaLE, is, n. (brachium) (sc. omaraen- 
tum). An ornament for the arm, a brace- 
lei, frr armillas, Plin, 

BRaCHIaLIS, e (brachium). Of or belong- 
ing to the arm, b. crassitudo, Plin. 

BRaCHIaTUS, a, um (brachium). Furnish- 
ed with branches like arms, b. arbores, Plin. 

BRaCHIOLUiM.i.ti. dim. A little arm, Catull. 

BRaCHiUM. ii, n. Opaxtwi'), I. A) The arm. 
from the wrist to tJic shoulder, frangere b,, Cic.; b. 
(dextinim) cohibere tog^a, Id.; circnmdare b. collo, 
Ov. ; b. dare cervici, Hor, ; brachii projectio in 
contrntionibus, contractjo in remissis. a stretching 

forth and withdrawing the arm, in speaking, Cic. 

B) Jn n narrower sense: The lower arm {from 
the hand to the elbow ; lacertus, the upper arm, from 

the elbow to the shoulder), Ov. ; Tac; Cels. 

II. Melon. A) A limb of animals resembling an 
arm, a claw, foot, Ov. ; Plin. Hence, of the con- 
stellation Cancer, Ov. ; of Scorpio, Id.; Virg. B) 

Any thing in the shape of an arm, Cato ; Ov. ; the 
branch of a vine, Virg.; an arm of the sea, Ov, ; a 
projf.ding work, or continued line of comnuniication 
of a fortress, Liv. Of ships : a sail-yard, Virg. ; Stat. 

ium. m. (Bpax/xave?). I- The caste of priests 

among the indinns. Brahmins, Curt.;App. 

II. All the people whose religion was Brahminism. 
Ill A pnrtidilai- tribe of India. 

LeCTICUM. i, 77. (fipaxVKaTd\y}KTornr ^paxvKara- 
X-qKTiKov) {sc. metfum). A verse which wants two 
syllables, or one foot. Diom, ; Serv. 

BRACTS A, aj./. (akin (opa/cTos, prfKT6<;, fr actus). 
A thin sheet or leaf, a thin plate of niital, 
Virg.; Ov. ; a thin leaf of wood, Plin. poet.: b. 
viva, the golden-colored feece of the Spa7tish sheep. 

BRACTiilATUS, a, um (bractea). I. Covered 
with gold leaves or thin plates of gold, h. 
selluj, Sid. Melon. 1) That g litters like gold.h. 

leo, with a gold- colored mnne. Sen. II. Fig.: 

Splen did, in appearance, showy, tinsel, b. feli- 
citfis, Sen 

BRACT£OLA. ;q, /., dim. (bractoa). A thin 
leaf of gold, Juv. 


BRANCHI.ffi, arum./, (ra ^pdyxta). TkegiUa 
ofafsh, Phn. 

BRANCHlDyE. arum. m. (Bpayxi'Sai). The de- 
scendants of Branch us, priests of the temple of 
Apollo at Branchida, near MUelus, Plin. ; Curt. 

BRANCHUS, i, m. Brnnchus, a son of Apollo, 
ancestor of the BranchidtE, Varr. 

BRASSiCA. te,/. {akin to Trpdaoi'tj^orrum). Cofr- 
&rt^c, b. TMpa, Ccito; Plin. 

BRXTUSPANTfUM, ii, «. Bratuspantiun, 
the chief town of the BHlovaci in Gallia Belgica, now 
Bratnspante, near Bretenil, Cms. 

BRENNU3, i, m. {Cymric brenbin, a king or 
leader). Brennus, the leader of thf Gauls, icho de- 
feated the Roma?i8 at the River Allia, Liv, ; Cic. 

BREUNI, orum, m. Breuni, a Reetinn people, 
who dwelt in what is now the Tyrol, near the Brewaer 

BRfeVfA, ium, v., sell, loca, or vada (brevis). 
Shallows. Virg.; Tac. 

BRf:ViARlUM, ii, n. A short catalogue or 
table, a breviary, summary, summariura, Sen. ; 
b. rationum. Suet. ; b. imperii, a statistical table. Id. 

BReVtLGQUENS. entis (brevis, loquor). One 
who expresses himself concisely 07- speaks 
briefly. Cic. 

BRfiViLOQUENTIA, se, f. (brevia, loquentia) 
Brevity of speech, Cic. ap. Gell. 

BRkViO, 1 V. a. (brevis). To shorten, 
abridge, contract, b-. quajdam, Quint.; breviii- 
tur cervix, is contracted. Id.; b. syllabam, to pro- 
nounce briefly or short. Id. 

BReVIS, 6 (^paxuV). Of small extent or 
short measure, short. 1. Of space or size : sede- 
bat judex L. Aurit'ex, brevior ipse quam testis, of 
shorter size or stature. Cic. ; pleraque Alpiura »h 
Italia breviora, lower, Liv. ; b. vada, lozr^ shallow, 
Vii'g. ; aqua b., narrow, Ov. In the n. nbsal.: in 
breve te (hbellum) cogi, wrapped nr rolled np tight, 

Hor. II. A) Of time, and of objpcJs referring 

to it: Short, of short duration, dolor in gravi- 
tate brevis solet esse, Cic; omnia breviora ali- 
quanto fuere, luippened in rather short&r time, Liv.; 
b. asvum. SaH. ; b. rosffs, short-lived, fading quickly. 
Id. ; b. coena, lasting a short time only, frugal. Id. ; 
b. dominus, short-lived, Id. Thus aUo of speech: 
b. laudatio, brief. Cic. ; b. commentarii, Quint OJ 
a short and acutely accentuated syllable |«p/>. longa 
or products] : syltaba longa brevi suhjecta, Hor.: 
for which also absol. : iambus, qui est e brevi pt 
longa, Cic. Of an acutely accentuated syllable. Id. 

B) Adverbial expressinjts. 1) a) brevi tempore, 

or absol. brevi, rarely brevi spatio. In a short 
time, shortly, respubl. per vos b. tempore jus 
siuim recuperabit, Cic; fama tanti facinons li. di- 
vulgatur. Sail.; b. epatio novi veteresque conluere, 
Id. l>) Also, brevi, A short time, a little while, 
b. cunctatus, Ov, ; forwhirJi also, breve, Catall. c) 
Esperi ally of discourse: brevi, i. c. /" a few words, 
brief 1 1), comprehendara brevi. Cic; thus, b. cir- 
cuniscribere, diccre, exponore. and the like, Cic, 
&c 2) ad breve. For a short time, Suet. 

BRftViTAS.atis./. (brevi-?). Shortness, brev- 
ity. I. Rt'lafive to .<^or-e : Small s i i e. little- 
ness, hominibus Gallis b. nostra contrmtui cft, 
Oies. : b. corporis, Lucr. II. Of time, and ob- 
jects relating to it : Short duration, shortness 
of time, bi-evitate temporia tara pouca cogor ti-ri- 
bere, Cic. Of brevity or conciseness of speech : mui- 

109 imitfltio brovitatis decipit, Id.; brevitatis causa, 
for the sake of conciseness, in order to be brief. Of 
the shortness of syllables : b. et celeritas syllabarum, 

BRitVITER, adv. (brevis). I. Shortly, brief- 
ly, nf apace or size, Plin., &c. II. Melon. Of 

discourse: Briefly, shortly, in a few words, 
superficially, in primis duabus dicendipartibus 
qualis eseet, breviter descripsimua, Cic. ; res mul- 
tas b. dicere, Id. Compar. ; illi brevius dixerunt, 
Cic. Siiperl. ; ngani qunm brevissiine potero, Cic. 

BRiIREUS (trisyll.), ei, m. (Bptapevs). Bri- 
ar c us, a giant with a hundred arms, also called 
jEgieon, Virg. ; Luc. 

BRiGANTEa, um, m. The Brigantes, the 
most powerful of the British tribes, who inhabited the 
whole of the northern part of the island from the Abus 
{Hamber) to the Roman wall, with the exception of the 
southeast corner of Yorkshire. Their capital was 
Eboracum, Tac. Hence, adj., JuliQa Briganticus, 
the Bister's son of Civiiis, Tac. 

BRiGANTlNUS LACU3 (Brigantium). The 
Lake of Constance, Pliw. 

BIlfGANTiUM, ii, n. Brigantium. I. A town 
of the Brigantini, on the Lacus Brigantinus, or Lake 

of Constance. 11. A town of the Segusiani in 

Gaul, at the foot of the CoUian Alps, now Brianqon. 

III. A town of the Lucenses in GalUecia, in 

Spain, now Corunna. ^ 

BRitMO, ue, /. (Bptjai6,-(/ifi Angry or the Terrify- 
ing). «4 CQgnnmen of Pros&pina, Prop. 

BRiSeIS, idos, /. (BptoTjt's)- Briseis, daugh- 
ter of Briseus of Lyrnessus, the captive of Achilles, 
but taken from him by Agamemnon, Hor. ; Ov. 

BRITANNIA, ae, /. (Bperacta). Britain, i. e. 
the modern England and Scotland, Cifis. ; 
Cic; Plin. 

BRiTANNiCUS, a, um (Britannia). I. Of or b e- 
longing to Britain, British, B. testus, the 
British Channel, Cic; B. legiones, Tac. ; B. lingua, 
Id. II. Britannicus, a name giveJi to the con- 
querors of British tribes, Suet; Tac. 

BRiTANNQS, a, um. British, Prop. Subst., 
Britanni, orum, m., The Br it oils, Csia.; Tac. In 
the sing. : B. catenatus, Hor. 

BRiTQMARTIS, is (Bptro/xapTts)- Britomar- 
tis. 1. A Creta7i nymph, the daughter of Zeus, who 
invented hunter's nets, Virg. 2. A cognomen of the 
Cretan Diana, Claud. 

BRIXIA, ae,/. (Bpt^ta). Brixia, a town of Gal- 
lia Cisalpina, now Brescia, Liv.; Plin. ; Just 

BRIXiaNUS. a, um. Of or belonging to 
Brixia, B. Galli, Liv.; B. porta, Tac, 

BROMIUS, ii (Bpofitos, the Noisy one). An epi- 
thet of Bacchus, from the noisy celebration of his 
feasts, Ov. Adj., Bromius, a, um, Relating to 
Bacchus, Varr. 

BRONTE, es./. (BporTTj). L Thunder personi- 
fied, Plin. n. A kind of gm,, The thunder- 
stone, Plin. 

BRONTES, ffl, m. (Bpdi'TTjsV The name of a 
Cyclops in Vvlcan^s work-shop, Virg. 

BRUCTJERI, orum, m. The Bructeri, a peo- 
ple nf Germany, dwelling on both sides of the Amisia 
or Ems, and extending south as far as the Luppia 
or Lippe, Tac. Adj., Bructerus, a, ura. Of or be- 
longing to the Bructeri, B. natio, Tac. 

BRtJMA, ae, /. (^contracted from brevima, and 
this a contraction' from brevissima). I. A) The 

winter season, musculorum jecusculu brumfl 
dicuntur augcri, Cic. ; ver, a^stas, auctumnus, b-, 
Hor.; b. illinet nives ngria, Id. — B) Esp.: The 
shortest day of the year, soils accessus dlscessus- 

qAie solstitiisbrumisque cognosci. Cic. II. Mn- 

to7i.: A year, ante bnimas triginta. Mart 

BRuMaLIS, e (bruma). I. Of or belonging 
to winter, winterly, b. tempus, Cic; Ov. ; 1\ 
boras, short winter hours ; h. mensis, Plin. ; b. frigus, 
Virg.; Mart; b. nix, Ov. ^11. Of or belong- 
ing to the shortest day (opp. solatitialis), b. 
dies, the shortest day, Cic. ; b. siguiim, Capricorn. 

ERUNDiSiaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging 
to Brundisinm, b. ostrea, that are caught in the 
harbor of Brvvdlsium, I'lin. 

BRUNDlSINUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Brundisium, B. colonia, Cic; B. nuncii. Id, 
Subst., Brundisini, orum, m., The inhabitants 
of Brundisium, Cic. 

BRUNDiSiUMCBruiidus.),ii, '71. Brundisium^ 
a town and harbor of Calabria, now Brindiai, 
Cic; Plin.; Hor. 

BRuTIaNUS, n. uin. Of or belonging to 
M. Junius Brutus, B. castra, Veil.; B. Caeaian- 
ifiquc partes, Id. 

BRUTTiXNUS, a, um. Of or belonging ta 
the Bruttii, B. caules, Plin. 

BRUTTiI, orum, m. (BpcTTtot, BpouTrtoO- The 
Bruttii, i. e. the inhabitaiits of the most southerii 
part of Italy, Ceea.; Mel. Meton.: The country 
of the Bruttii, in Salentinis aut in Bruttiis ba- 
bent, Cic ; ex Bruttiis, Liv. 

BRUTTiUS, a, um. Of or belonging to the 
Bruttii. E ager, Liv.; E. litus, Plin. 

BRtJTUS, a, um (akin to Sanscr. prusa, rough, 
rude). I. Heavy, inert, brute, senseless, h. 

pondus, Lucr. ; b. tcllus, Hor. ; corpora b. II. 

Fig.: Blunt, not acute, insensible, brute, 
without feeling, T. Manlius relegatus a patre 
ob adolescent! am brutam atque hebetem, Sen,; 
animalium boc maxime brutum (sus), Plin. ; b. 
animal, Id. ; b. fijlmina ct vana, ut qus nulla veni- 
ant ratione naturaj, Plin. ; b. pira, with a woolly 
rind, Id. 

BRuTUS, i, m. Brutus, a Roman surname of 
the aens Junia, after L. Junius B., who delivered Rome 
frohi the dominion of the kings, Liv.; M. Junius 
Brutus, a philosopher and orator, a friend of Cicero, 
and one of the assassins of Ctzsar. 

BDBXLU3. i, m. ((3ov'^aA.og). A species of African 
antelope, Plin. Hence, Ital. bufalo, Fr. buffle. 

BuBASTIS, is,/. (Bou^ao-Tiy)- Bubastis. I. 
A toicn of Lower Egypt, on the Pelusian arm of the 
Nile, no2o Tell-Basta, Mel. Hence, adj., Bubas- 

tites nomoa, Plin. II. A deity worshipped there, 

identified by the (Greeks with Artemis, or Diana, the 
moon goddess, Ov. 

BtJBlLE [another form, bovile. Cat], is, n. (bos). 
An ox- stall, a cow-house, Varr. ; Coll. ; Phaadr. 

BuBO, onis, m. [/.. Virg.] (bovo^boo). A 
horned owl, Plin.; Ov. ; Virg. 

BtJBtJLA, ffi,/. (sc. caro). Beef, Gels.; Scrib. 

BOBULCUS, i. m. (bubulus). I. One who 

ploughs with oxen, aploughman, Cic. 

II. One who tends oxen, a herdsman, Virg. 

BOBttLUS, (bos). Of or belonging to 
neat cattle, of oxen, b. pecus, VaiT. : b. armen- 
tum, Col.; b. fimum, Liv. ; b. caro, beef, Plin. ; for 
which simply bubula, which see, 


BUCCA, fB. /. (alii7i to faux; Saviscr. bhug, a 
hend; Germ, backen). I, Gen.: A cavity, gemi- 

na qiiaidam buccarum inanitas, Pliii. II. Msp. 

A) The ivflaled or full cheek [while genge 
means sim-ply the side of the face, the cheih], pictua 
Gallus, distortus, ejecta lingua, buccis flue/itibus, 
Cic. ; ambas b. inflat iratus, Hor. Frov. : dicere 
(scribcrc, &c.) quod or quicquid in buccam venit, 
to talk or write just a^ things come into one's mouth, 
Cic. — B) Meton. 1) A mouthful, b. panis, Pe- 
tron. ; Mart. 2) He that has his moiUh full, a) In, 
eating; hence, A parasite, Petron. b) In, speak- 
ing: A talker, declaimer, Juv. ; Mart. 

BUCCkA, ae,/. (bucca). A morsel, a mouths 
ful, duas b. nianducfivi, Suet. 

BUCCmUM. See Bucina, &c. 

BUCCCLA, ai,/. dim, (bucca). I. A cheek, the 

mouth. Suet. II. Esp. milit. A) That which 

covers the cheek and mou'h, The beaver or cheek- 
piece, Liv. B) bucculffi, Grooves on. the cata- 

pulta, ni which the missile was placed, Vitr. 

BUCCtJLENTUS, a, urn (buccula). That has 
full cheeks or a large mouth, Plaut. 

BUCEPHALUS, i, m. (fiovKe<p6.\o-;, that has a 
hroad forehead). Bucephalus, the famous horse 
of Alexander the Great, Curt. 

BuCeRIUS, a, um. for bucerus. Ox-horned, 

BuCeRUS, a, um (fiovKeptas). Having horns 
like cattle, b. armenta, horned cattle, neat cattle, 

BuCeTUM, i, d. (bos). A pasture for cattle, 

BtJCiNA (bucc), EB,/. OvKaio]). I. A wind in- 
strument, a trumpet, horn, bugle, Varr.; 
Co!.; Prop.; awar-tru?npet {spiral and gibbous, 
while the tuba 7cas straight], with which the signals 
of the four watches of the night jcere given, te gallo- 
ruin, ilium bucinarum cantua exsuacitat, Cic. ; ubi 
secundtt' vi^ilire bucioa datum signum esset, Liv.; 
ut ad tertiam bucinam preesto essent, at the third 

watch. Id. ; the shell of Triton, Ot. II. Fig. : b. 

famse, Juv. 

BuCINaTOR (bucc), oris, m. (bucina). I. A) 
One that blows on the bucina, a trumpet- 
er, Ca^9. B) Fig.: One that publishes or 

proclaims any thing, b. existimationis meas, Cic. 

BuCINO (bucc), 1 V. n. (bucina). To give a 
sign al with the bucina, Varr. 

BUCSNUM (bucc), i. 71. (bucina). I. The sound 

of a trumpet, Plin. 11. A purple shell, the 

yuice of which is used in dyeing, Plin. 

BtJCOLICUS, a, um (fiovKo\iK6^). Of or be- 
longing to shepherds, bucolic, pastoral, 
b. poemn. a pastoral poem, Col. ; bucolica, orum, n., 
Ov. ; Gell. 

BOCOLA, ae, / dim. (bos). A heifer, Cic; 

I'OCtJLUS, i, m. dim. (bos). A young ox, 
steer, or bullock. Col. 

B0FO,6nis, m. {akin to bubo). A toad, Virg. 
BULB08US, a, um (bulbus). Bulbous, b. ra- 
dix, Plin 

BULBUS, i, VI. (,3oA^ds). A bulb. I. Gen.: A 
bulbous root or plant, such as hyacinths, lilies, 

tulips, &c, Plin. 11. Esp.: An onion, Plin.: 




BuLEUTeRIUM or -ON, ii, n. (fiovXevrriptov). 
The Greek Scnate-ho use, in curia Syracneis, 
quern locum illi b. nomine appellant, Cic. 

BULLA, if,/. iSanscr. blu or plu, to fhw, iht 
primitive meaning being a water-bubble). Any steal- 
ten or pn^ecting round or circular object, as a stud 
on a door, on a girdle, book, 8lc. ; a "round knob, 
Cic. ; Petr. ; Virg. ; a kind of mnament in the shape 
of a globe, with an amulet within, suspended as an 
ornament from the necks of children ; for freeborn or 
noble children it was of gold or silver, but for tia 
children of freedmen or the common people, it was of 
leather, Cic. ; consecrated to the Lares, on the occa- 
sion of taking the toga virilis, Pars. Hence, poet.: 
h\iTlai.dignaB,childis)t, Juv.; a water -bubble, Ow 

BULLaTUS, a, um (bulla). L That has a 
round boss, b. cingulum, Varr. II. Wear- 
ing a bulla, b. puer, Scip. Afr. ap. Macr. ; b. he- 
res, i. e. still a child, Juv. IIL That is tran- 
sient or passes away (like a bubble), b. nugas, 

BULLiTUS, us, m. The bubbling up ofwa. 
tei; Vitr. 

BULLO, are, (ind BULLIO, ire (bulla). To boil, 
to make bubbles, to bubble, Plin. ; Cels. ; Pers. 
Hence, leal, bollire, Fr. bouillir. 

BULLtjLA,ae,/.(/WH. (bulla). A little bubitU 
of water, Ci h. 

BuMASTUt^, i,j. i^ovfuia-To^, sc. aju.TreAoy, Uirge- 
breasted). A kind of vine that bears large berries. 
Col.; Plin. 

BuPaLUS, i, m. (fioviraXos). Bnpalus, a stat- 
uary of Chios, who made caricatures of the poet Nip- 
pon ax, for which tlie latter retaliated in very bitter 
satires, Hor. 

BURDiGaLA, iB,f. Burdigala, thecapitalof 
the Biluriges Ubisci, in Aquitania, (rtt the left bank 
of the Garumna or Garonne, now Bordeaux. 

BURGUNDf ONES, um, 771.. The Burgvndio- 
nes, a powerful nation of Germany, who dwelt orig- 
inally between the Viadiis, or Od^r, and the Vistula, 
and who, in the fifth century, settled ttcst of the Alps, 
in Gaul, where they founded the kingdom of Bur- 

BuRI or BuRil, orum, m. The Bnri, a Ger- 
man tribe in the ?ieighborhood of the Marcomani and 
Q:>adi. on the Oder, Tac 

BURIS, is,/. The curved hinder part cf a plough, 
the plough-tail, Virg. 

BURRU'S. a, um (Trvppos). Reddish, nifus, in- 
bens, according to Fest. 

EURRUS. an old form for Pyrrhus. 

BuSTRI.-^, idis {BovcrZpU). Busiris. I. Masc: 

A cruel king of Egi/pi, Virg.; Ov. II. Fcuu: 

A town in Lowtr Egypt, now Abo usir, Plin. 

BUSTtRAPUS, 1. 77J. (.bu^tum, rapio). A rubber 
of grave s ; as a tci-m of reproach, Plaut. 

BUSTOaRIUS. a. um (bu^tura). I. Of or be- 
longing to a funeral pile, b. aladintor, i.e. 
that fought at a funeral pile in honor of the dead, 

Cic. II Subst, bustuiiriua. ii, One who took 

care of the burning of corpses, or procured 
what was uecci'saryfor the crremony, Amm. 

BUSTUM, I, n. {hnvo for uro, to burn: hence, 
originally), I. -l place rpherc corpses were 
burned, Lucr H. iMaon. A) 1) a) A hil- 
lock rau^ed on the ashes, a tomb, mound, si quia 
bustum (nam id puto appellari rvfj^ov) aut monu 

mentum violarit, Cic. ; Sardanapaius incidi jussit 
in buato : htec hubeo, &c., Id. b) Esp. : Busta Gui- 
llen, a place ai Rome, ickire Gamillus had caused ike 
slain Gaida to be burned and buried, Liv. 2) Fig.: 
Of a person that violates the laws, religion, or sacred 
ordinances, b. legum omnium ac religionum, Cic; 

b. reipublicH3, Id. B) A bnryted corpse, the 

ashes, busta egena sepulcri jacere, Stat 

BOTES, IB, m. (BovTTjs), Butes. 1. Son of Amy- 
siL% Icing of the. Bebryccs, Virg. 2. Sun of the Athe- 
nian Pallas, Ov. 3, The armor-bearer of Anchiscs, 
Virg. 4. A Trojan, Virg. 

BuTHRoTiUS, a, urn. Of or belonging to 
Bnthrotuvi, B. ager and B. causa, Cic. Subst., 
Buthrotii, orum, m., The inhabitants of Bu- 
throtum. Id. 

BiJTHRoTUM, i, n. [Buthrotos, i, /, Ov.] (Bou- 
OpbiTov and BouSpwrdy). Buthrotum, a town on 
the coast of Epirus, now Butrinto, Plin. 

BuTYRUM (but^ron, buturum), i, n. (fiovrvpov). 
Butter, PJin. 

BUXENTUM, i, n. (Jlv^ov?, gen. -ovi/to?). Bux- 
en turn, a town of Luca/tia, a Romaa colony after the 
second Punic war, now Policastro, Liv,; Mel. 

BUXeTUM, i, 71. (buxua). A wood or planta- 
tion of box-trees, Mart. 

BUXkUS, a, um (buxus). I. Of box, Col. 

ir. Of the color of box, Mart. 

BUXiFER, era, erum (buxus, fero). Bearing 
box-trees, Catall. 

BUJtUM, i. See Buxus. 

BUXUS, i,/. [buxum. i, n., Virg. ; Prop.] (rrv^og). 

I. Box, a box-tree, Plin.; Ov. II. Meton.: 

Box-wood, Ov.; Plin. Poet.: Things made of 
boxwood, Ov.; Virg,; a top, Virg.; Pera.; a comb, 
Ov. ; Juv. ; a loriting-lahlcf, Prop. 

BYBLIS, idis,/ (BupAty). Byblis. \. A daugh- 
ter of Miletus, Ov. — -il. Another name of the Isl- 
and Melos, in the Mgean Sea, Plin. 

BYBLU3 or -OS, i,f. (Bu/SAo?). Byhlus, atown 
of Pkcenicia, celebrated for the worship of Adonis, 
now Jebeil, Plin. 

BYRSA, 89,/. (Bupo-a). The citadel of Car- 
thage, Virg. 

BYSSiNUS, a, ura (/Suo-o-tpos). Made of bys- 
sus, Plin. 

BYSSUS, i, /. (byssum, i, n., Isid.) (/SuVo-oy). 

I. Afirieyelloioish flax. II. The linen made 

from it, App. 

ByZaCiUM, ii, n. (Buo-craTts). Byzacium, a 
region remarkable for its fertility, and forming the 
southern portion of the Roman province of Africa, 
Now the souther n part of Tunis, Plin. 

BYZaCIUS, a, utn. Of or belonging to By- 
zac/um, Sil, 

ByZANTiNUS, a, um. Byza ntine, Aua. 

BYZANTlUM, ii, n. {'Qv^avriov). Byzantium, 
a city on the Thractan Bosporus, later Constanti- 
nopolid, Constantinople, called by the Turks 
Stambul, Plin.; Cic; Liv. 

BYZANTiUS. a, um. Of or belonging to 
Byzantium, Plin.; Ov. Subst., Byzantii, orum, 
m.. The inhabitants of Byzantium, C^c. ; 

C, c. Originally containing both the K and the 
Q sound; hence the old orthography LECIONES, 

MACISTRATITS, for legiones, magiBtratus, and the 
prcenomina Gaius and Gnteiis abridged by C. and 
Cn. It also niands for Gaia, when inverted, viz. j. 
On the tablets used for vvling or in trials C stands 
for conderano, and hence it was called litera triatis, 
opposite to A (absolvo), which was named litem salu- 
taria. As a numeral, C stands for a hundred, i. e. 

CaBALLiNUS, o, um (caballus). Of or be- 
longing to a horse, c. cai'o, horseflesh, Plin.; 
c. dentes, Jd. ; c. fons, Hippocrena, Pers. 

CaBALLUS, i, m. (Kafid\>.r]<;)- An infer /or sad- 
dle or pack home, a jade, nag, Hor. ; Juv.; Dig. 
Prov. : optat arare c, no one is satisfied with his ovn 
condition, llor. ; c. in clivo, of a pin-son that wnik.-i at 
a creeping pace, Petr. Hence, Ital. cavallo, Fr. 

CaBILLoNUM, i, n. Cabillonnm, atown of 
the JEdui, on the Arar, or Saone, in Gallia Lug da- 
nensis, now Chalons sur Saone, Cais. 

CiBlRl, orum, m. (Ka^eipoO- '^'ke Cahiri, 
mystic divinities, who occur in various parts of the 
ancient vmrld. They were chiefly worshipped at ^am.n- 
thrace, Lemnos, and Imbros, and their mysteries at 
Samnthrace were solemnized with great splendor. 

CaCXBUS (cacc), i, m. (xaKKa^os). A boiler 
or pot,_Co\. 

CXCaTORiO. ire. v. n. (caco). To desire to 
go to stool. Mart. 

CICHINNaTiO, onis, /. (cachinno). Immod- 
erate or loud la ug hter, ut si ridere concessum 
sit, vituperetur taraen c, Cic. 

CACHINNO, 1 V. n. (akin to Sanscr. k a k h, to 
laugh; Gr. Kayxa^ta, Kaxd^to ; Lnt. hinnio). To 
laugh aloud or immoderately, ridere convi- 
vee ; c. ipse Aproniua, Cic. Poet. Of the sea or 
water in general : To ripple, to make a splash' 
ing noise, Att. ap. Non. 

CXCHINNO, onis, ?/i. A laugher, scoffer, 

CJtCHINNUS, i, m. (cachinno). I. A loud 
laugh, immoderate laughter, in quo Alcibi.t- 
des cachinnum dicitur sustulisse, is said to have 
broken out into a loud laugh, Cic. ; commovere ca- 
chinnos irridentium, Id. Poet.: The rushing or 
splashing noise of the sea, CatuU. 

CICO, 1 V. n. and a. (jco.KK6.ia). I. To void an- 
imal exi-.rements, Hor.; Phifidr. II. To soil 

with excrement, cacata charta, Catull. 

CitCO- {the Greek Ka«o ). Used in composition, 
indicative of physical or mental inferiority or imper- 
fection ippp. eu-, the Ghek ev-). See the following 

CACOeTHES, is,.7t. (KaKo-qOe^, of evil habit). I. 
lu Medic: A bad, incurable disease, Cele. 

Plur., cacoethe (ra KaKorjdT]), Plin. II. Meton. 

poet. : scribendi cacoSthes, a mania for composing 
verses or writing, Juv. 

CXCOSYNTHeTON, i, n. (Ka.KOiTvi'6eTov). In 
Rhet. : Incorrect or faulty construction. 

CACOZeLiA, 88,/. (KaKO^TiKLo). A low imi- 
tating, an aping, affected imitation. Quint. 

CaCOZeLUS, a, um (Ka/co^tjAos). A bad imi- 
tator, oue that offends* against good taste, Suet. 

CICOLA, ffi, m. (coquo). A cook, a slave or 
drudge of a soldier, Plaut. 

ClCuMEN, inis, n. (acumen, with prefixed c). 
I. The extremity of any thing; the point, top, 

summit (of trees, branches, mountains, an egg, 
&LIZ.), priBticutis (,rfimortiin) cacuminibus, Cffis. ; 

vicina c. montis, Lucr. ; c. pyramidis, Plin. ■ 

II. Fig.: The end, aim, summit, highest 
point, Lucr. 

C.iCOMiNO, 1 V. a. (cacumen). 7'o point, 
make pointed, to prick, c. summaB aures, to 
prick up the ears, Ov, ; c. ensem aaxo, Sid.; ova 
cacuininata, Plin. 

C'aCUS, i, m. (KaKo<;). Cacus, the son of Vul- 
can, a ■notorious robber, inhabiting a cave on Mount 
Aocntine, slain bi/ Hercules, Liv. ; Virg. 

CXDaVER, eris, n. (cado). 1. A corpse, dead 
body, aquam turbidam et cadaveribus inquinatam, 
Cic. ; Clodii cruentum c. Id, As a tt^m of riproaf h, ^ 
of a worthless, conti-mptible person : ab hoc ejecto I 
cadavere qulcquam mihi aut opis aut ornamenti , 

exputebam ? Cic II. Meton. : The ruins or 

carcasses of cities, &lc., tot oppidiim cadavera, 
Sulpic. ap. Cic. 

CaDaVkRoSUS, a, um (cadaver). Like a 
corpse or a dead Jo t^y, c. facies, Ter, 

CiDiVUS, a, urn (cado). A secondary form for 
caducus. Of fruit: That falls down of itself, 
mala c. PJin. 

CADWeIS, idis (KaS/x^f?)- Of or belonging 
to Cadmus, Cadmean,0\. — Siibst.: Seniele,Ov.; 
Ino, Id. Plur. : The daughters of Cadmus, Sen. 

CADMeUS. a, um (Ka5,ueZos). Of or belong- 
ing to Cadmus, Prop.; Stat. — Saist., Cadmea, 
se, /. (sc. arx), The Cadmea or citadel of 
Theheii, Nep. 

CADMUS, \.,m. (KdSp.o^). Cadmus. L A so?iof 
the Phaniiiaii kivg Ageiior, the brother of Earopa, 
funiider of Thebes, and who introdac&d letters into 
Gre.ece, Ov. ; Plin. '2. An historian of Miiet us, said 
to hane been the first who wrote in prose, PUn. 3. A 
certain executioner in the thne of Horace, Hor. 

CADO, cecidi, casum, 3 v. n. (Sanscr. cad, to 
fall). To fall, fall dow7i, to sink, incline, 
go down, &£.Q. I. Prop. A) Gen.: de manibus 
civium arma ipsa ceciderunt, Cic. ; c. ex equo, to 
fall from a horse; ainnis c. in siiium maris, /a//s 

into, empties itself Liv. ; sol c, goes down. Virix. 

B) Esp. : To fall {especially in battle), to be 
slain, to die, to find one^s death, pauci de 
nostris cadunt. CffiS. ; c. pro patrin, Quiu't. ; c. in 
acie ab hoste, Suet. : also, not in battle, but other- 
wise; tot bellorum supcrstitem muliebri fraude ce- 
cidisBC, Tac. Pnet. : Of an animal intended for a 

virtim, to be killed or sacrificed, Virg. ; Hor. 1[. 

F/g. A) Gen.: To get any ichere by chance, to 
fall upon, arrive at, to come nnder, to be 
subject or exposed to, in morbnm c, Cic; c. 
eul) ocLilos, Id. ; c. in potestatem unius, Id. ; c. sub 
impcriutn ditionemque Romanorum, Id.; c. in of- 

I'cnsioncm nlcjs, to give ojfenrr, to offend nny one. 

R) Esp. 1) c. in or sub alqm (alqd), To belong or 
pertain to an object, to relate or refer to it, 
to he bcfittiiiff, suitable, proper for, 6cc., 
to be compat ihlc with, to agree with, to be- 
hoov R, non cadit in hos mores, can not touch or be- 
long to, ran not be expected from, Cic; cadit ergo 
in boniim virum mentiri? docs it behoove then, l*cc. 
Id. : verbum in nostram consuetudimm (sermo- 
Ills) non cadit. dues not belong to the idiom of our 
speech, in no idiom, word, or expression of oars. Id. 
2) To fall on such or such a day, term, time, &.c., 


to come together with, ne in alienissimum 
tempos cadat fiJventus luus, Cic. ; in eam diem c. 
numos, qui a Quinto debentur, to fall or be due, to 
he payable. Id. 3) Denoting the i.-,sue or result of 
any thing: To fall out, to come to pass, to 
turn out, to happen, occur, to take a cer- 
tain turn; also with a dilioe, to haj^pen to 
any one, to b efa II, to fall to any body' s 
share or lot, verebar quorsum id casurum esset, 
Cic. ; quum aliter res cecidit.-et ac puttiseet, had 
turned out differently from what was t-xpetUed. Id,; 
augnrum prtedictis multa incredibiliter vera ceci-- 
disse, had turned out to bv true. Id. ; vota cadunt, ore 
fulfilled, Tib. ; insperanti mihi cecidit, ut, dec, Cic. 
4) 7'o decline in value, worth, estimation, power, 
'&LC. ; tu go down, fall, sink, grow weaker, 
decrease, vani>,h, cease, &cc., c. ?tn\mi&, to lose 
courage, Cic. ; c. causi, to lose one's suit. Id.; of a 
theatrical piece, not to lake, not to succeed (oj/p. sta- 
re), Hor. 5) Tn Rhet. Of words or syllables: To 
end in, to have a final sound, verba meli- 
us in syllabas longiores cadunt, Cic; similiter ca- 
dentia. final sounds or cadences produced hy corre- 
sponding forms of oblique cases of nouns or parts 
of verbs, Cic; Quint. 

CADuCeaTOR, oris, m. (caduceus). A herald 
sent to treat about peace, ifec, Liv. ; Curt. 

CADuCi^:UM, 1, n. (.sc. sceptrum or baculum), or 
CADUCEUS, i, m. {sc. scipio) (tcfjpvKeLov). A her- 
aid's staff caduceum prteferentes. Liv.; the 
staff of Mir cnry as messenger of the gods, SuQt. 

CaDuCiFER, era, eruin (caduceus, fero). Car- 
rying a caduceus. Mercury, Ov. 

CXDuCUS, a, um (cade). That is about to 
fall, that will fall or go down easily, tot- 
terin g, not stable. I. Prop. A) vitis quft* natu- 
ra caduca est, Cic; caducus morbus, Ute foiling 
sickness, epilepsy, Ap-p. B) Gen.: Falling, fall- 
ing down, fallen, c. spic i falling down during 
the reaping or cutting, \';\rv.; ■ . frondes, Ov.; Virg.; 
c. poma, Prop.; c. t'ulmen, Hor. ; caduci bcllcsiam 
or fallen in battle, \'iig , juvenis c, dtvoied to dmth, 

Id. U. Fig. A) Gen.: Transitory,perisk- 

ab le, uncertain, fr a i I, v a i n, qui ex aiiimo 

I constet et corpore caduco. Cic; quoniam res hu- 
mante caducaj sunt, Id. ; c spes, rain, Ov. ; c. pre- 

' ces. Id. B) Esp. in Law, of bequeathed property^ 

which dors not come to the per.^on appointed by wiU 

I in case of his or her being childless, but will either be 

' distributed among the other heirs, or, in default of 
any such iieirs, become the property of the public ex- 

I clicquer, quem nisi in via caducte liereditates re- 
t,ird;is-rnt. Cic. 

I CaIUJRCUM. i, n. (Cadurti). I. A coverlet 

wrniight by the Cudurci, Juv. II. Mtton.: A 

nuptial couch ornamcjited icith a Cadurcian cov- 

I erlct, Jnv. 

I CXDURCI, orum. m. The Cadurci. a people 
in Gal I'll Aqmtamca, in the conntmj now called 

■ Quirci, c debr at e.d for their manufacture ofUnencoV- 

i crlcls. CiKS. ; Plin. 

! CaDUS, i, m. (Ktifios). I. Ajar orhindof earth- 

Ifj! vessel, especially for containing wine, Pluut. ; 

j Mig. ; for oil. Mart. ; for honey. Id. ; for keeping or 

! saving money. Id. ; an urn for depositing Uie ashes 

1 of the dead, Viig II. Mtion. A) Hor. R) A 

miasnrr for liquids containing twelve congii, Plin. 
CaDuSII, orum, m. (KaSov'trtoL). The Cadu- 

\ sii, a powerful Scythian tribe in the mountains 


touthwest of the Caspian, on the borders of Media 
Atropatene, Plin. 

CjECIAS, eb, m. (KaiKiaj), The northeast 
wind, Plin, 

CiECiGSNUS, ti, um (cebcus, gigno). Born 
blind, Lucr. 

CECILIA, ffi, /. See Cjecilius. 

C^ECiLlANUS, a, uin. I. Of or belonging 
to a Ctecilius, C. fabula, Cic; C. senex, a char- 
acter in a comedy of Ca:cilius, Id. ; C. illud, Id. 

n. Subst., CiBcilianus, i, m,, A Roman proper name, 

C^ECILfUS, a. Ccecilius, a Roman faviihj 
name ; thus, CiEcilius Statius, a writer of comedies, 
contemporary with the poet Ennius, Cic. ; Hor. ; in 
the fern., CaBcilia, the daughter of Metellus Balear- 
icus, Cic. ; Gaia CaBcilia, the Roman name o/Tana- 
quil, Plin. Adj.: Ca^cilia Les, Cic; Lex C. et 
Didia. Id.; familia C, Veil. 

CjECiNA, 86, m. Ceecina, a Roman family 
name ; thus, Licinius C, ia favor of whose citizen- 
ship Cicero made a speech. 

CjECiTAS, atis,/. I. Blindness, miserum c, 
Cic. 11. Fig.: Mental blindness, infat- 
uation, mentis CBecitatem, Cic. 

CjECO, 1 V. a. (csecus). To make blind, to 

blind. I. Prop.: sol c, Lucr. II, Fig.: To 

dazzle, abscnre, largitiono c, mentes impcrito- 
rura, Cic. ; celeritate ceecata oratio, rendered ob- 
scure. Id. 

CiECCBUM, i, n. dscuhum, a marshy district 
of Latiiim near Campania, celebrated for its excellent 
wine. Mart. 

CffiCOBUS, a, um. Of or belonging to Cce- 
cubum, C<scuba7i, C. ager, Plin.; C. vina, wives 
of Cmcubum, Hor. Subst., Ceecubum, i, n. (sc. vi- 
num), Wine of CtEcubum, Id. 

CjECCLUS, i, m. Cee cuius, son of king Lati- 
71US, founder of Pmneste, Virg. 

C^CUS, a, um. Blind, Jiot able to see, de- 
prived of sight. I. A) Prop.: catuli cteci, Cic, ; 
o. corpus, the part of the body that has no eyes, i. e. 
the back, Sail. Prov. : apparet id etiam csco, even 
a blind man can see thai, lAv. Subst., Ctecus, n 
cogvomen of Appius Claudius, on account of his 

blindness. B) Fig.: Morally blind, not far- 

seeing or clear-sighted, ignorant, c. atque 
amens tribunus, Cic. ; c. furor, Hor. ; c^eus ad has 

belli artes, Liv. II, Meton. A) That is not 

or can not be seen, invisible, hidden, con- 
cealed, dark. 1) Bodily: ut vallum c. caveant, 
CaiS. ; c. vulnus, a hidden wound, Lucr.; and also, 
a wound on the back, Virg. ; for which, c. ictus, Liv. 
Poet, meton. Of hearing : c, murmur, dull, low, 
Virg. 2) Mentally :' res c. et ab aspectus judicio 
remotfe, Cic. ; c. die emere, literally, on blind (i. e. 
uncertain) terms, on trust or credit, Plaut. — B) 
Where nothing can be seen: Dark, obscure. 1) 
Bodily : cubiculum, si fenestram non habet, dici- 
tur cascum, Varr. ; c. parietes, Virg. ; c. gemmae, 
not transparent, dark, opaque, Plin, ; c. acervus, coji- 
fused, mingled together (a chaos), Ov. 2) Menial- 
ly: Dark, uncertain, oftscwre, obscura spo et 
0. exspectatione, in expectation of an uncertain suc- 
cess or issue, Cic. ; thus, c. eventus, Virg, ; c. cri- 
men, that can not be proved, Liv. C) In Bot. -• 

Wit ho ut eyes, i. e. wit ho jit buds, c.rami, Plin, 

CjEDES, is [ csedura, Sil.],/. (ceedo). I. 
A cutting, felling, lopping. A) Gen.: ligni 

atque frondium caedem, Gell. — B) 1) Esp. : KilU 
ing, slaughter, murder ; esp. of a body of men, 
a massacre, carnage, bloodshed in battle or 
murder, si c. ct occisio facta non erit? Cic. Also, 
slaying of animals at a sacrijice,0v.; Hor; 2) Me- 
ton. a) Co7icr. : The persons slain or killed, 
the slain, ingentes Rutulai cgedis acervos, Virg.; 
Tac. b) The blood shed by murder, csade ma- 
dentes, Ov. ; re.spereus fraterna csede, Catuli. 

C^DO, cccitii, cEesum, 3 v. a. (aki/i to Sanacr. 
chid, to cut, Gr. (Txa^w, trxi'^w). To fell, cut 
do?on, lop off, and, in general, to beat, strike. 
I. Prop. A) Geji.: arbores scneseentos c, Cic; 
thus, c. siivas, Cajs. ; mums latius quam ca-'dcretur 
ruebat, vudermined (preceded by ad subruendum 
murum), Liv, ; toga apte cmBu, cat out, i. e. fashion- 
ed, Qiiint. ; c. humida vina aecuribus, to cut up 
frozen wiues, Virg. ; c. volutae. to hollow out, ex- 
cavate, Vltr. ; c. jaiiuara saxis, to break open, Cic, ; 
flagellis ad mortem ctedi, Hor. Prov. : c. vineta 
sua, to cut one's own throat, Hor. ; c, stimulos pug- 
nis, to make worse by foolish resistance, Plnut. — B) 
Esp. 1) To cut down, i. e. to kill, assassin- 
ate, murder, slay, take any body's life, ille dies, 
quo Ti, Gracchus est cksus, Cic. Esp. Milit. : Ro- 
man! insecuti (hostem) cajdentes spolianteeque 
ctesos castra regia diripiunt, Liv. Poet. ; cteso san- 
guine, shed, Virg. ; c^esi corporum acervi, for cwso- 
rum, Catuli. Of animals: To kill, slaughter 
{esp. for a sacrijice), c. greges armentorum, Cic 2) 
Obscenely: To ravish, pollute, dishonor, Ca- 
tuli. II. Fig. A) Gen.: testibua cffiditur.&eaieTi 

down or pressed, Cic. — B) After the Greek: c. ser- 
mones (icoirreLV ra. pyifj-ara.), to chat, gossip, Ter. 

CjEDUUS, a, urn (caado). In Botany: Fit for 
cutting or hewing down, silva c, Cat. 

CjELaMEN, inis, n. (ctedo). Carved work in 
relief Ov. 

CHELATOR, oris, m. A carver or sculptor 
in relief, Cic ; Juv. 

CffiLiTuRA, Be,/. (ciBlo). L The art of en- 
graving, carving, &c, in relief, Quint.; Plin. 

II. Meioji. cono;: Works in relief Suet.; 


CALEBS (ccel.). libis. L Unmarried, sin- 
gle (either a bachelor or wido7ocr), Cic. ; Quint. ; c. 

vita, Hor. II. Meto'n. Of animals, Plin, ; and 

of trees on which no vine is reared, Hor. 

C^LES, C^LESTIS. See Coeles and Cceles- 


CvELTBaTUS, us, m. (cjslebs). Unmarried 
state, celibacy. Sen. ; Suet. 

SPEX, C^LITUri. See C(el. 

CiELO, l-y. a. (caelum). I. To form or fash- 
ion in relief, to engrave, carve (in metal, stone, 
ivory, &c), banc speciem Praxiteles cjelavit argen- 
to, Cic ; c. calvam auro, to inlay with gold, to adorn 

with gold like mosaic work, Liv. II. Melon. A) 

To embroider loith figures, to weave fig- 
ures into a texture, Val. Fl. B) Of poetry: To 

compose with skill, caslatum novem Musis opus, 

C^LUM, i. n. A chisel, an engraver's 
tool, a grower, Quint. ; Mart. 

C^LUM, i. n. The heaven. See Cceluih. 

C^MENTUM, i, n. (contr. for csBdiracntnm, from 
ceedo). A rough stone from a quarry, a 

builder's stone, rubblestone, in earn insu- 
1am calcem, ctBraenta convexit, Cic. 



C-(ENEUS {dissyl), ei, m. (Katveus). Cijcneus, 
a girl {Ctsni s) changed by Neptune into a boy, Ov. ; 
again into a girl, Virg. 

CjENiNENSES, ium, m. Inhabitants of 
CtEnina, a town of Latium. Liv. 

C^NiNUS, a, urn. Of or belonging to Cce- 
nina, Liv, 

C^NIS, idis. See C^neus. 

CM?k (cepa), sb,/., a/ttZC^PE (cepe), is, n. (in 
the plur. only CEP^E, arunj). An onion, Hor. ; 

CjEPiNA, ft), /. (caspa). A field or bed of 
oitio i> s, Col. 

CMPIO, onis, m. A Roman family name in the 
gens 8<-rvilia. 

CJERK, n. ind. [gen. Cteritis,/., Virg. ; all. Cm- 
rete, Id.] (Kaipij). dere, one of the twelve towns 
of Eiruria, formerly called Agylla, now Cervetere, 

CERES, Ttis, and etis. Of or belonging to 
Ccere, C. populus, Liv. In theplur., Cierites (Cffi- 
retes), um, m.., 7'he inhabitants of CtEre, who 
acquired the Roman citizenship, but without the right 
of voting, for assistance rc7idered to the Romans in 
the Gallic war, Liv. Hence, Prov. : in tabulas Cterites, 
or Ca;ritum referri, to lose the right of voting (i. e. 
to be degraded), Gell. ; thus also poet., CtKiite cera 
(i. e. tabula) digni, worthy of contumely, of being de- 
graded, Hor, 

C-^RkTaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Ctere, C. amnis, Plin. 

C^RIMoNiA (cer.), aa, /. (Cffire, g. v.). 1. A 
holy actio 71 or act, a sacred custom, relig- 
ious use, ceremony [i7t Latin, ritus signifies 
profane as well as religious use or custom] ; usually 
in ike plur. : in sacerdotio ceerimoniisquc, Cic. ; c. 

violare, Id.; c. poUuere, Liv. II. Meton. A) 

Subjcclice: A holy awe, reverence, fear toward 
the Deity, rcligio ; thus usually in the sivg. : religione 
confici caerimoniaque voluerunt, Cic. ; esse in mag- 
na c, to be in odor of sanctity, lo be held in venera- 
tion, Plin. In the plur. : habere alqd in Cf^rimoniis, 

to keep holy. Id. B) Objective: A religious sa- 

cr edn e^ s attached to certain things, sanctity, 
holiness, Cais, op. Suet.; c. legationis, Cic. 

C^RITES, um, or CJ^RETES, um, m. The in- 
habitants of Ccere. See C-eres. 

C^jRuLiiIaTUS, a, um (casruleus). Dark-col- 
ored, of a dark blue. Veil. 

CjERuLA, orum, n. The blue color of the 
shy, Ov. ; tjf the sea, Virg. 

O(ER0LeUS, a. um (related to ccesius). I. Dark- 
colored, dark blue (the Greek Kvdi/eos)- Of the 
sky, Knn. ap. Cic; Lucr. ; Ov. Of the sea: quid 
mare? nonne cieruleum? Cic. Fragm. ; c. dei, s^a- 
deities, Ov. ; csp. c, deus, Neptnnc, Id. Of other 
things of a daric blue color : c. draco, Ov, ; c. oculi 
Germanorum, Tac. : Hence, c. pubes Germanorum, 

Hor. II. Mel07i. poet. A) Dark, black; an 

epithet of death, night, rain, &.C., Virg.; Ov. ; Stat. 
— B) Dark gree7i, c. cucumis, Prop. 

C/ESAR, arig, m. (Katcrap). A family name of the 
gfw .Julia; the most celebrated among whom was C. 
Julius CaBsar, who ovtrthrew the Roman republic, I 
and became sole dictator; a$3as3inated by Briitu.s i 

and Cassius. After him, all the emperors took ths 
cognomen Cffisar, besides the title o/ Augustus, utiiil 
Hadrian introduced the distinction, according to 
which Augustus was the title of the emperor, and Cm- 
sar, the name of the heir to the throne. 

C.EriARAUGUSTA, sb, /. ( KaLaapavy ovarii). 
Ceesar augusta, a town named o/icr Augustus, in 
Hispania 2'ai-raconensis, now Saragassa, Mel.; 

CvESaReA or -lA, eb,/, (Kaicrdpeta). Casarea, 
1. A town of Palestiiie, formerly called Stratonia 
Turris, Plin. 2. A to'w7i of Mauritmiia, formeTlg 
called lol, now Algiers, ilin. 3. The capital of 
Cappadocia^ now Kaisariah. Plin. 

C^SaReUS, a, um, I. Of or belonging to 

Julius CoiS ar, C. sanguis, Ov. II. Imperi- 

a I, C. ampbitheatrum, buiU by the Emperor Domi- 
tian, Slarj:, 

C^SaRiaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Julius Ceesar, C, bellum civile, Nep. Subst., 
(vajsariani, orum, m.. The adherents or party 
of Ceesar in ilie civil war, Auct B. Afr. 

C-;E.--ARiATUS, a, um (cttsaries). Covered 
with hair, hairy, PldUt. ; Tert 

CiESAlliENSIS, e. Of or from CtEsarea; 
as name of district, Ctusariensis, C. Mauritauia, 
&c , Tac. 

CjEtiARlES, ei, /. The hair of the head, 
Virg.; Ov.; c. promissaj Liv. Poet.: The hair 
of the beard, Ov. 

C^ESA.PLl>iU.S, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Ju litis Casar, C. celeritas, Cic. 

CjESIA KILVA. a fnrest of ancient Germany; 
now Dammer-und Haser-wald, on the front- 
iers of Cleve and Munster, Tac. 

CESiCfUS and -TiUS, a, um (cffisius;. Blu- 
ish, of a bluish color, Plaut. 

CuESIM, adv. (cajdo). By cutting, with the 
edge of a sword, &lc. I. Prop.: c. petere vitem, 
Col. Esp. Mdit. : c. petere hostem {opp. punctim), 
Liv, — ^ — II. Fig., of speech : In short clauses 
or sectio7LS. itiierr uptcdly, c. diximus, Cic 

CjESiUS, a, um. I. Of a bluish gray, blue- 
gray ; usually of the eyes only, c. oculos Jlinervte, 

Cic. n. Mttun , of people that haoe gray eyes, 

of the color (f ca: s .ryfs : Gray-eyed,'LucT.; Catull. 

C.ESiU:-^, ii, 7/1. C<£s i u s, a Roman proper name. 

C^ESO (KiESo), onis, m. Cceso, a Roman proper 

C-ESoXlUS. a. A Roman family name, e.g. M. 
Cffisonius. an a:dile with Cicero, Cic. 

CjESPES (cesp.), itis, m. (caisus). I. A sod, 
turf, clpd, non esse arma cespites, Cic; grami- 
neo dc cespite, Virg. II. Mton. A) Consist- 
ing of clods; a poor hut, Hor. B) Of the 

shape of a clod, a knob, Plin. — C) A clump 
of herbs, Plin. 

CiESTUS (cost), u^, m. (csedo). Boxers' 
gloves, g an 71 1 lets, i. e. stro7ig leather gloves, 
loaded with lead or iron, fastened on a combalauCs 
hand, the cestus, Cic; Virg. 

CESORA, as,/, (cffido), A cutting,heioing^ 
cutting off or down. I, A> c ligni, Plin. — 
B) Meton.: That which has hce7i cut off, Plin. 

—II. Fig. metr.: A casura {\. e. pause in a 

versr), incisio, Diom. 

CESUS, a, wtn. part, o/'ccdo. 

C.'^ICUS and CayCUS, i, m. (KoXko-;). Caicus. 
I 4 river of Mijsia Ma^oi\ ncoj- Peigamus, nojo 


Mandragorai, Ov.; Virg, II. A companion 

of Mneas, Virg. 

CAIUS, a. See Gaius. 

CAIA, ffi. See Gaius. 

CAIeTA, !b, /. (KaiTJTTj). Caieta. I. A town 

and harbor of Latinm, now Gaeta, A. Vict. 

II. The nurse of Mneas, Virg. ; Ov. 

CAIeTaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Caieta. C. villa, Val. Max. 

CXLABER, bra, brum. Of or belonging to 
Calabria, C. pascua, Hor.; C. Pierides, j. e. some 
poems of the poet Enniua {of Calabria), Id. 

CXLABRiA, £6,/. Calabria, a district of Low- 
er Italy, from Tarentum to the promojitor^ ^uijgium, 
now Terra d' Otranto, Hor. 

CiLABRICUS, a, um. Of or belong itig to 
Calabria, C. oliva, Col, 

CSLACTA, te, /. («:a\« oiktiJ, fair shore). Ga- 
la eta, a town on the north coast of Sicily, now Ca- 
ronia, Cic. The inhabitants, Calactini, Id. In 
the sing., Calactinus, Id. 

CaLXGORIS or CXLXGURRlP, ia,/ (KaAavov- 
pt5). Calagurris. 1. A town of Hispania Tar- 
raconensis, now Loharra, Liv. Its inhabitants, 
Calaguritani, Caes. 2. A town of the Vasconcs, in 
Hispania, the native place of Qnintilian, now Ca I a- 
horra. Its inhabitants, Culaguritani Naseici, Plin. 

CaLXIS, idis, m. (KaAai-s). Calais, the son of 
Boreas and Orithyia, the brother of Zetes, Ov. 

CXLXMaRIUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
a writing-reed or quill, c.theca, a box for pens, 

CXLXMIS, idis, ra. (KdKafLi^). Calamis, a cele- 
brated Greek sculptor and engraver in metal, Cic. 

CXLXMISTER, tri, m. [Calamiatrum, i, n., Plaut.] 
(calamus). I. A curling-iron, a crisping- 

pin, Plaut II. Fig.: An excess oforna- 

ments and Jlviirishes in speaking, extravagance, 
ne calamietri quidem adhibebuntur, Cic. 

CXLAMISTRATUS,a,um(calamieter). Curled 
with a crisping-pin, Cic. ; Plaut 

CaLaMiTAS, atis, /. (Sanscr. kalmaaa, hurt, 
sin, from kal, tocus). Injury or damage done 
by a sttorm or tempest. 1. Prop. : ei aratio om- 
nia tempestatis calamitate semper vacat, Cic. ; in 

calamitate fructuum, misgrowth. Id. 11. Gen. : 

Any loss or damage, trouble, misfortnne, 
mishap, injury, detriment. Sec, perniciem 
meara cum magna calamitate reip. esse conjunc- 
tam, Cic. Milit. : M i sfo rtnne in war, de- 
feat, quibus prceliis calamitati basque fractos, &c., 


CaLXMiToSE, arfu. Unfortunately, calam- 
itously, turpiter potius quam c, Cic. 

CaLaMIToSUS, a, um (calamitaa). I. That 
causes great damage or loss, injurious, 
ruinous, destructive, unfortunate, calam- 
itous, disastrous, te tamquam aliquam c. teni- 

peetatem pervasiase, Cic. ; c. incendium, Sail. 

II, passive: Exposed to damage or iiijury, 
suffering from damage, loss, injury ; un- 
fortunate, miserable, c. loca, Cat; vectigal, 
otium c, Cic 

CXLXMUS, i, m. (icaXa/xos). I. Any holm, 
stalk, or stem, a reed, rush, cane {pureLatia 

arundo), Plin.; Virg. II. Meton. A) An7j 

thing made of reed or cane, e. g. a pen, qui- 
runque c. in manus meas incident, Cic. ; a rced- 
pipe, Ov, ; theshaflofan arrow, Hor. ; afishing rod. 

Ov. ; a lime-twig, Prop. — B) Of things resembling 
a reed; e. g. a twig, sprig, scion, Plin. 

CXLXNUS, i, 771. (KaAjifos). Calanus, an In- 
dian philosopher in the time- of Alexander the Great, 

CaLXTIIISCUS, i, m. iicaka9i<jKQs). A little 
wicker basket, CatuU. 

CALXTHU8, i, m. {KdKa9o?). I. A wicker 
basket, a hand-basket (i. q. quasillura), a Jlower- 
basket, a basket for wool, i. e. work-basket, Virg. 
II. Meton. A) A vessel in the shape of a bask- 
et, made of wood, for milk, tJkc., Vii'g. ; a wine-cup, 
Id. B) The calix ofajlower, Col. " 

CXLXTfA, £6, and CALATf^E. arum, /. (KaAa- 
Ti'a), Calatia, a town of Campania, on the Via 
Appia, between Capua and Benevcntum, now Gua- 
jazzo, Cic. ; Liv. Its inhabitants, Calatini, Liv. In 
the sing., Calatinus, a cognomen o/ M.-Attiliua, Cic. 

CaLaTOR, oris, m. {prop., one loho calls out; 
hence), A servant, slavr, waiter, Plaut, 

CXLAURlA and CALAURkA, m, f. {Ka\avpeia 
or -Ca). Calauria, -an island on the east coast of 
Argolls, Plin. ; Ov. 

CXLAUTiCA, £B,/. A female head-dress, hanging 
down over the shoulders, a kind of veil, Cic. Fragm. 

CALCaNeUM, i, n., and CALCANEUS, i, m. 
(calx). The heel, Virg. Mor. 

CALCAR, aria, n. (calx). A spur; vsually in 
theplur. I. A) Prop. : concitare equum calcariljus, 
to spur on^s horse, Liv. ; for which, fodere annus 
equi calcaribua, Virg. — B) Meton.: The spur on 
the foot of a cock. Col. II. Fig.: A spur, in- 
ducement, incitement, stimulus, ee calcari- 
bue in Ephoro uti solere, Cic. 

C ALC IRIUS, a, um (calx). Of or bclongi ng 
to lime, c. fornax, a lime-kiln, Plin. Sahst., calca- 
rins, ii, ??i., A lime-burner. Cat 

CALCeaMENTUM (calciara.), i, "• (calceo). A 
covering for the foot, a shoe, sandal, &c., 

CALCeaTUS (calciatus), a, um. Furnished 
with shoes, wearing shoes, shod, non satis 
commode calceati, Cic. Faceie: c. ^entea, well pre- 
pared for biting, Plaut, 

CALCEaTUS (calcJat), us, 7n, A covering 
for the feet, for calceamentum, Plin. 

CALCeO (calcio), 1 v. a. (calceus). To fur- 
nish or cover with shoes, put on shoes, to 
sAfle, Phsedr.; Suet. Also of animals,'?\iu. ; Suet 

CALCeOLaRiUS (calciol.), ii, m. (calceolus). A 
shoemaker. Plant 

CALCfiOLUS, i, m. dim. (calceue). A little 
shoe, a half-boot, Cic. 

CALCeUS (calcius), i,m. (calx). A shoe, half- 
boot, c, habiles et apti ad pedem, Cic; calceos 
mutare, to become or be elected senator (inasmuch as 
the senator wore apecvl/ar sort of half -boot), Cic. 

CALCHAS, antis, m. (KdAxa?). Calchas, son 
of Thestor, a Greek soothsayer in the camp before 
Troy, Cic. 

CALCHEDON. See Chalcedon. 

CALCiTRaTUS, us, m. A kicking, Plin. 

CALCiTRO, are, v. n. (calx). L To strike 
with the heel, to kick, Plin. Prov. : c. contra 
stimulum, to act against one's own interest, to hurt 
one's self, Amra. Meton. gen.: To kick convul- 
sively with the feet, as one about to die, to sprawl, 
Ov. II. Fig.: To be stubborn or refrac- 
tory, calcitrat non putat, &c., Cic. 


CALCITRO, onis.m. One that kicks, a kick- 
er, Varr. Melon. gen.: One that makes muck noise, 
a poltroon, Plaut. 

CALCO, 1 V. a. (calx)'. To tread any thing or 
npon any thing, to step upon. J. Prop. A) Gen. : 
exstructos marientuni c. acervos, Ov. ; c. viam leti, 

to enter vpon, set out on, walk upon, Hor. B) Esp. : 

To tread or stamp fast or firm, c. oleas in 

orculam, Cat, ; c. agrum, Virg. 11. Fig. A) 

To trample upon, to suppress, c. domitum 
amorem pedibus, Ov. ; libertas nostra calcatur, Liv. 
■ — B) Tu treat in a contemptuous manner, 
to contemn, despise, insult, calcet et ossa 
mea, Prop. 

CALCULATOR, oris, m. An accountant, 
hook-keeper, keeper of accounts, Mart. 

CALCt5LENSIS, e (calculus). Belonging to 
or that is found on stones, Plin, 

CALCCLO, are, zJ. a. (calculus). To calculate, 
compute, reckon up, Prud, 

CALCtJLO, onis, m. (calculo). A calculator, 
accountant, August. 

CALCtJLoSUS, a, um (calculus). L Full of 

lit lie stones, stony, eolum c, Pliri. IL Esp. 

in Medic. : Afflicted with the stone. Gels.; Plin. 

CALCtjLUS, i, m. dim. (calx). A small stone, 
pebble, flint. I. Ge?i.: conjectis in 03 calculis, 

Cic. ; argilla et c, gravel, Virg. [I. E.-^. A) A 

stone in the bladder or kidneys, the gravel, 

stone, Cels. B) A pebble used in reckoning, a 

counter ; hence, a calculation, ace omit, cal- 
culum alcjs rei subducere, to compute, Cic, ; ad cal- 
culos vocara alqd, to submit to a strict calculation. 
Id. ; ad calculos vocare alqm, to reckon with any 
body, to call to an account, to reckon together, Liv. ; 
parp.m calculum ponere cum alqa re, to return like 

for like, Plin. E. C) A chessman, draught s- 

mau, calculum promovere, Quint. ; calculum re- 
ducere, to take back or make another move, to retract 
a move, Cic. ; ad illos calculos revertamur, quos 
turn abjecimiis, to returii to or adopt again former 

measures. Id. D) A stone used in voting, c. judi- 

cialis, Cod. Just. ; album calculum adjicere errori, 

i. e. to give on-c^s assent, to consent, Plin. E. E) A 

little white stone as a remembrance of some 
happy event, O diem notandum mifai candidissimo 
calculo, Plin. E. 

CALDaRIUM (calid.), li, n. I. A vessel with 

warm water for bathing, Vitr. IL A warm 

bath (room), Sen. 

CALDaRIUS (calid.). a, um (caldns /or calidus). 
Of or belonging to warmth, warm, c. cella, i 
a warm bath {room)., Plin. E. ; c. ses, that can be ! 
worked only when warm, Plin. j 

CALDUS, a, um. See Calidus. | 

CALDUS, I {hot-headed). Gal d us, it Roman' 
cognomen, Cic. I 

CJCLKD5NIA, m, f (KaXTjBovCa). The High- 
lands of Scotland, Caledonia, Tac. ■ 

CXLeDONIUS, a, um. Caledonian, C. silva, | 
Plin. i 

CXLE-FaCIO (calf.), 6ci, actum, 3 {imperat. cal- 
face, Cic. ; pass, regular, calefio ; unusual, calefa- 
cicntur, Vitr.) v. a. (calco, facio). To make warm, 
to heat. J. Prop.: ad calefacicndum corpus, Cic. 

II. F/^. A) To heat, as it were, any one, 1. e. 

10 disturb him, to excite, chafe, to put into ' 
a passion, calf'acc hominem, Cic. ; calefacta cor- 

dii tvimuUu, cx&itcd, disturbed, Virg. B) To car- I 


ry anything on eagerly^ forum aleatorium cal - 
feciraus, Aug. ap. Suet. 

CALKFACTO, are, v. freg. a. (calefacio). To 
make warm, to warm, heat, c. ahenum lignie, 
Hor. Facett : c. alqm virgis, to beat soundly, Plant. 

CALEFACTUS (calfactus), a, um, part, of cale- 

CALEFIO, e.Y\,pass. o/calefacio. 
CXLEND^ (kal), arum, /. (calo, to call, from 
the calling out of the dates). I. The first day of 
the Roman mo7ilh, the calends, usually writ- 
ten Cal. (Kal.), e. g. Kal. Januar., the first of Janua- 
ry, Cic. ; ex a. d. 3 Non. Jun. usque ad prid. Kal. 
Sept., /rom the third of June to the last day of Au- 
gust. Term of paying interest, Hor. Prov. : ad 
Calendas Greecas solvere, i. e. never to pay (since 
the Greeks did not reckon by Calendce), Aug. ap. 
Suet Poet. : C. sextae, the calends of Jane, Ov. 
11. Meton. : A month, Ov. ; Mart. 

CILENDaRiUM (Kal.), ii, n. (CalendEe). L A 
book of debts or interest kept by bankers, &c., 
an account-book, debt-book, Sen. 

CaLeNUM, i, n. {sc. vinum). Wine of Cales, 

CaLeNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to Ca- 
les, C. municipium, Cic. In the plur., Caleni, 
oi'um, m., The inhabitants of Cales, C.Grac- 
chus ap. Gell. 

ClLtO, m,2v.n. To be warm, hot, to glow 
[Obj., {opp. frigere, to he cold); hence, testuare, to 
feel warmth {opp. algere, to feel cold).] I. Prop. A) 
c. ignem, nivem esse albam, Cic. ; alio sole calen- 
tes, Hor. Poet, for jestuare, to feel hot, Plaut; c. 

febre, to have a fever heat, Juv. B) Of a place: 

To be much frequented, Mart IL Fig. 

A) Mentally: To be heated with passion, to 
be fiery, to be excited, to glow, in re frigidis- 
sima cales, Auct. Her. ; c. amore, Ov. ; c. uno scri- 
bendi studio, to be carried away by an eagerness of 

writing, to burn with a desire of writing, Hot. B) 

Of inanimate subjects: To be carried on with 
eag erness and zeal; to ^^ow, judicia calent, 
Cic. ; satis c. rea visa est to be ■sufficiently mature 

for execution. Id. C) To be still warift, new, 

or fresh, illi rumores de comitiis caluerunt, Ccel. 
ap. Cic. 

GILES, ium,/.. arid CALENQM, i, n. (KoAi^o-ia). 
Cales, a town in the south of Campania, celebrated 
for its good wine, now Calvi, Cic. 

CAIiESCO. evp.,v. inchoat. n. (caleo). I. To be- 
come or grow warm, ubi enim potest ilia Ktas 

(senectus) c, Cic. II. Fig.: To be heated 

or inflamed, to glow, i. e. with love, Ov. 

CALFACIO. See Calefacio. 

CaLICijLUS, i, VI. dim. (calix). A small cup, 

CXLiDA or CALDA, a^ f {sc. aqua). Warm 
water, warm beverage, something warm 
{a mixturr of wine with boiling hot water). Sen. ; Tac. 

CaLiDjE AQU.^. a place near Carthage (The 
hot w< /!.•<). J,iv. 

C.4LiDaRiUM (cald.). A warm bath (i. e. the 
room), CcU. ; conf. Caldarium. 

CALIDARIUS, a, um. See Caldarius. 

CXLiDE. adv. Hotly, c. agere alqd, Plant 

CXLlDUM,.i, 71. Wartn water, warm bev- 
erage {a mixture of wine and boiling hot water). 
Plant. ^ 

CiLiDUS [co7i(r.caldu3], a,um (caleo). Warm, 


hot. I. Prop.: omne quod eat c, Cic. II, 

Fig-- A) Me/tially: Passionately warm, hasty, 
hot, fiery, viuleii t, fierce, periculosfi etc. con- 
silia, Cic. ; c. redemptor, eager, busy, Hor. ; equua 

c. iinimis, ^ery, Virg. B) Q,nick, 3 wi ft, fast, 

c. ptdes, Varr. ; c. consilium, riiiut. ; qundrnginta 
mina3 c, procured with great dispatch, Id. 

CXLlENDRUM, i, n. {KaXXwrpov). A kind of 
female hnrd-dress, Hor. 

CALlGA, 8d, /. {allied to calceus, from calx). 
I. A boldier^s boot {heavy, and studded with 

naila), Cic; Suet. II. Melon. Military 

service, Sen.; Plin. 

CALiGaRiS, e (caliga). Of or belonging tn 
a soldier' s boot, c. cluvua, Plin. 

CaLiOaRiUS, a, um (caliga). Of or belong- 
ing to a soldier' s hoot, c. clavus, Plin. 

CaLiGaTIO, onis, /. (caligo). Darkness, ob- 
scurity, Plin. 

CXLiGaTUS, a, uia (caliga). With hoots on, 
in hoots, milites o., Sunt. Subst., caligatus, i. m. 
{sc. miles), A soldier of the ranks, a private, 

CaLiGINoSUS, a, um (caligo). Full of fog, 
covered with cloud or mist. I. Prop. : coslum 

et humidum et c- est, Cic. 11. Fig.: Dark, 

unknown, uncertain, c. nox, i. e. dark, wtce?'- 
tain fiilnrky, Hor. 

CaLiGO, inis,/. {akin to Sanscr. k al y a, twilight ; 
Greek axKvs:)- Any vapor or mist arising from 
the earth, a fog. I. Prop. A) noctem eadein c. ob- 
tinuit, Liv. B) Melon. 1) Obscurity, dark- 
ness oacaaionpd by such a mist, tenebris et caligine, 
Cic; cteca c, Virg. 2) In Medic. : A weakn ess 

of the eyes, dimness, Cels. il. Fig. A) 

Mental blindness, dullness of perception, 
philosophia ab animo tamquam ab oculis caliginera 
dispulit, Cic. B) Gloomy circnmslances, af- 
fliction, vide nunc caliginem teraporum illorum, 

CaLiGO, are, i'. «. and a. (caligo). I. Neul. : 
To spread a vapor, to rise as vapor, emit 
vapor. A) Prop.: amnes ajstate vaporatia,, hieme 

frigidis nebulis caligant, Col. B) Melon. 1) a) To 

he sur rounded by .vapor or mist, to be dark, 
gloomy, c. oculoa, Lucr.; lucus caligans, Virg. 
Prnv. : c. in sole, to feel or grope about in broad day- 
l}ght,Q}x\r\t. b) In Medic., oftheeyes: To suffer 
fr oni weakness, to be weak or dim, Cels, ; 
also of persons, to be dim-sighted. Mart. ; Scrib. 2) 
Fig.: To he surrounded by darkness, to 
grope about, Plin.; Sen. 11. Act.: To sur- 
round with darkness, Virg, ; Juv, 

CaLiGOLA, IV., m. (caliga). Caligula, a cog- 
nomen of Citius CtEsar, loho succeeded Tiberius, from 
his wearing, when a boy, small caligce. Suet ; Tac. 

CaLIX, icis, m. (icuAtl). I. A drinking-vcs- 

eel, cup, Cic; Hor. II. Melon. A) Wine, 

Hor. B) A vessel firr boiling, a caldron, pot, 

Cat; Ov. C) A conduit-pipe of an aqueduct, 


CALLENS, entis. I. Part, of calleo. II. 

Adj.: Expert or experienced in a matter, qui 
sunt vaticinandi callentes, Plin, " 

CALLEO, ere, v. n. and a. (callum). I. Neut. 
A) To have a hard skin, to he callous, Plin.; 
Pbiut. — B) Fig'. 1) To be callous, i. e. insens- 
ible, unfeeling, in illia rebus exercitatus ani- 
mus c. debet, Sulpic. ap. Cie. 2) To he skillful, 


to be up to or practiced in a thing ; to he 
clever, shrewd, deep, callent in hoc cuncta ani- 

rnalia, Plin. IL Act.: To be skilled in any 

thing by pi-actice, to ii nderstand any tiling, to 
have a knowledge of any thing, si neque Po3- 
noruin jura calles, Cic ; c artem, Tac 

CALLiCRITiDAS, 3B,m. (KoMiKpaTt'Sa?). Cal- 
licraiidas, a Spartan general, conquered and 
slnin near the Arginusa-), Cic. 

CALLlCOLA, a.-!,/, Gallicula, a low mount- 
ain in Campania, near Casilinum, now Caj anello, 

CALLlDE, adv. I. Skillfully, cleverly, 
dextro usly, with some art or address, c. ar- 
guteqiie dicere. Cic Compar., Tac. Superl., Nep. 
II, In a bad sense : With subtlet//, crafti- 
ly, cunningly, slyly, c accedere, Cic; c. oc- 
cultare vitia pua, Sail. 

CALLIDITAS, atis. /. (callidus). L Address, 

dexterity, adroitness, skill, Tac; Flor. 

II. Inabadsense: Cunning, craft iji ess, deep- 
7iess, shrewdness, subtlety, stulta c. perverse 
imitata prudentiam, Cic. In war: a stratagem^ 
Liv. In ornlonj : a catch, artifice, Cic. 

CAI>LIDUS, a, um (calleol. I. Well versed by 
experieiice, exper ien ced, dextrous, adroit, 
clever, expert, skillful, &c, agitator c ; c. ar- 
titex, Cic. With gen. : callidus rei rustics, Col. ; 
thus, c. rei militaris, Tac Of things : callidissi- 
mum artilicium (naturae), ve)^ well contrived or 

wrouglit, Cic; thus, c.junctur a, Hor. II. In a 

bad sense: Deep, cunn ing, crafty, sly, dum ver- 
suti et c velimus ^sse, Cic. ; ad fraudera callidi, Id. 

CALLiF^iE, arum,/. Callif<&, a town of the 
Hirpini, Liv. 

CALLIMiCHUS, i, m. (KaAAt>axos). Call?- 
machus. 1. A Greek poet and grammarian of Cy- 
rene, who lived under Ptolemy Philadelphus, in Alex- 
andrea, Cic. 2. A celebrated statuary, Plin. 

CALLIOPE, es, and -PeA, m, f. (KaAAtornj and 
KaAAioTTeta, thai^ has a fine voice). Calliope. I. 
The Muse of epic poetry, sometimes also of any kind 

of poetry. Hor.; Prop. -11. Melon. A) The 

Muses collectively, Vir^. B) Poetry, verse, Ov, 

CALLIOPEA, ad,/. A secondary form for Calli- 
ope. Virg. 

CALLiPHoN, ontis. m. (KaAAn^wi'). Calli- 
phon, a Greek philosopher, who regarded virtue and 
pleasure as the chief good, Cic. 

CALLIRRHOe [poet. CALLiRH5eJ, es,/. (KaA- 
AtppoTj). Ca 1 1 irrho e. I. A daughter of Achi-lous, 
the second wife of Alcmmon, Ov. II. 1) A cele- 
brated fo/ui tain near Athens, Plin. 2) A hot sprifig 
in Palestine, on the eastern shore of the Dead Sea, 

Plin. III. Another name of the town Edessa, 


CALLIS, ia, m. {rarely /., Liv. ; Amm.). I. A 
narrow foot-path, a beaten track, Cic; per 
devias calles exercitum duccre, Liv. ; per c igno- 

tos. Id. II. Melon. A) Gen.: A way, a road, 

Val. Fl. — B) A race-course, Lucr. 

CALLISTHkNES. is, m. (KaAAio-0e'io)s). Cal- 
lislhenes, a piiUosopher of Olynihus, sister's son 
and disciple of Aristotle, Cic. 

CALLISTO, us. /. (KaAAto-Tu). C alii s to, 
daughter of tiie Arcadian king Lycaon, changed by 
Juno into a bear, and hereupon placed by Jupiter 
among the stars, viz. Helico or Ursa Major, Prop. ; 


CALL5SUS, a, um (callum). I. That has 
hard, or thick skiii, callous, callosior cutis, 
Plin. II. Melon. Gen. poet. : Thick, hard, 

0. olivae, Plin. ; c. ova, Hor. 

CALLUM, i, n. (rarely callus, i, m., Cels.). L A> 
Hard, thick shin ofthcbody, calccamentum solo- 
rum c, Cic. B) Melon. 1) Hard flesh, Plin. 

2) The hard skin and flesh of plants, hard 
surface, rind, shell, &c.. Plin. 3) A hard 
covering, the hardness, e. g. of soil, &c., c. 
terra;, Plin. II. Fis'- • Hardness, insensi- 
bility, want of feeling, ipse labor quasi c. 
quoddam obducit dolori, Cic. 

CALO, are, v. a. {koX^, Sanscr. kal, chal, to 
colt). To call, call out, convoke {for religious 
riles or observances), V arr. ; calata cornitia, /or the 
consecration of a priest, Lasl. Felix ap. Gell. Sar- 
castically: calatis granis (/or com i tils), Cic. 

CaLO, onis, m. I. A soldier's hoy or 

d r u dg e, Ca;s. ; Liv. 11. Gen. : An i nfe rior 

Servant, Cic. ; Hor. 

CALOR, oris, m. (caleo). Warmth, heat. esp. 
of the sun, in sing, andplnr. L Prop. A) Gen.: 
vis frigoris et caloris, Cic. ; of animal warmth, heat, 
c. vitalis, Lucr. ; omnis c dilapsus, Virg. ; mediis 
caloribus, in the midst of summer, Liv. ; c. austrini, 

burning heat,Y'\xg. 11. Fig.: Mental heat, 

fire, ardor, excitement, passion, si c. ac 
spiritns tulit, Quint. Poet. : IVie fire or fame of 
love, Ov. 

CALPE, es,/. (KoAttv)). Calpe, one of the pillars 
of Hercules in Hispania Bcetica, now Gibraltar, 
Plin. ; Asin. Poll. ap. Cic. 

CALPURKiaNUS, a, una. Of or belonging 
to Calpurnivs, Liv. 

CALPURNiUS, a. Calpurnius, aRomanfam- 
ily name; thus, 1. L. Calpurnius Piso, an intimate 
fiend of Antony, Anton, ap. Cic. 2. L. Calpurni- 
us Piso Frugi, a colleague of the consul P. Mucius 
Scffivola, A.U.C. 621, Id, In thf fnn., Calpurnia, 
£6, Calpurnia. 1, The wife of Ccesar, Veil. 2. 
The wife of Antistins, daughter o/Bestia, Id. Adj. : 
Calpurnian, Calpurnia familia, Cic; C. Lex, 

CALTHA, EB. /. A flower of a yellow color and 
strong smell. Marsh-marigold^ VTrg. 

CALTHCLA, je,/. (cnltha). A woman's dress, or 
robe, of a yrllow color, Plaut. 

CALUMNIA [anciently written kal.], ae,/. (calvor). 

1. A) Cunning, trick, artifice, sophistry, 
Metellus calumuia dicendi tempus exemit spoke 
purposely so long until the time had elapsed, Cic; 
religionis c, a specious pretext derived from religion, 
a religious pretext. Id.; impediti calumnia pauco- 
rura, Sail B) Melon.: Over anxiety, need- 
less apprehension, in hac c. timoris, irresolu- 
tion produced by vain fear, Caacin. ap. Cic. II. 

Esp. in Law. A) False accusation, chican- 
ery, trickery, existunt saepe injuriae calumnia 
quadam, Cic; calumniam jurare, to lake an oath 
thai a proaecution is not made, or an action not 
brought against any body from bad fedtug or mere 

chicanery, Cc&l. ap. Cic; Liv. B) Melon.: An 

action con ccrning chican cry, or a fa Ise 
charge, calumniam non ettugict, Cic. ; cnlumniam 
affcrre ad pontificcfl, 10 accuse, Liv.; calumniam 
ferre, lo be lanviaal of false accusation, Coel. ap. 

CALUMNIATOR (kal), oris. m. (calumnior). I 

A false accuser, detractor, calumniator, 

scriptuia sequi calumniatoris t,-%se, Cic. II. 

Fig. : c. sui, one that always ftnds fault with himself 
or is over nice as lo the execution of his work, Plin. 

CALUMNfOR (kal.), 1 v. dep. (calumnia). To 
resort to artifice, to use trickery or chi- 
canery, to attack malicio usly, to blame 
unreasonably, to censure without suffi- 
cient reason, I. Prop. A) Gen.: quod antea te 
calumniatus sum. indicabo malitiam meam, Cic. — 
B) Esp. in Law: To attack any one under a 
false plea or pretence, or by misinterpreiing 
the law in one's favor, to resort to chicanery, 
false arguments, subterfuges, &c., to use 
tricks and artifices, jacet res in controversiis, 
isto calumniante biennium, Cic. ; c.'verba juris, to 

interpret falsely, to distort, Dig. II. Meton.: 

To be anxious or uneasy without necessi- 
t y, sed calumniabar ipse, Cic. ; c. se, to be unfair to 
one's self, lo be over scrupulous, Quint. 

CALVA, ffi,/. (calvus). The skull, top of the 
head, scalp, Liv.; Miirt. 

CALVaRiA, te,/. (calva, calvus). The skull, 
scalp, Cels. ; Plin. 

CALVkNA, eb, m. (calvus). A nickname of (the 
bald) iVIatius, a friend of Ccesar, Cic 

CALVf-.O, ere, ^,«. (calvus). To be hald,V\m. 

CALVKSCO, ere, v. inch. n. (calvo). L To 

grow bald,Co\.; Plin. II. Meton. Of plants: 

To grow thin or too far apart, Col. 

CALViTiES, elf. (calvus). Baldness, Suet 

CALVlTiUM, ii, n. (calvus). L Baldness of 
the head, quasi calvitio mceror levaretur, Cic. 
II. Melon. : c. loci, bareness of trees, Col. 

CALVOR {akin to glubo, scalpo). To resort 
to trickery or chicanery, to deceive, PlauL 
Passioe: contra ille calvi ratus, Sail. 

CALVUS. a, um (akin to Greek i^aAaxpoy, Gem. 
kahl). I. Said, without hair, hairless, 

Plaut.; Suet. II. Meton. Of plants: Having 

a smooth skin or shell, c. Duces, Cat. 

CALVUS. i, 771. A Roman cognomen, e. g. of the 
poet C. Licinius. 

CALX, calcis, / [m. Pers.]. L The heel, cer- 
tare pui:nis,calcibus, unguibus. with one^s hands and 
feet {rrvi^ Kal Kd$), Cic. ; caedere calcibus, to hick, 
Plaut. Fror : adversus stimuliim calces (sc jac- 
tare), to k>.-l; against the pricks, i. e. to hurt one's 
silf by vain resistance, Ter. ; calcem irapiugere al- 
cui rei, to hick out. i. e. to 'abandon any occupation 

or employment, Petr. II. Mcion. A) For the 

foot, Virg. B) The piece of wood ctu ow wiik a 

graft or sprig, Plin. C) In Archit. : calces sca- 

porum, the foundation or support of a siair-case (Fr. 
patin de I'^chiflre), Vitr. 

CALX, calcis, /. {rarely m.) (xcLVt^, cf Sanscr. 
child, stone). I. A small stone. Gen.: A 
chessman, a counter. Sec, on a play-board, 

Plaut.; Lucil. IL Esj). : Limestone,wheiher 

slaked or not, in earn insulam materiem, calcem, 
caimenta, arma, convexit, Cic. : calcem coquere, 
to burn, C;it. ; c. viva, unslaked, Viti'. ; c. exstincta, 

slaked. Id. III. MvLou.: The terminus of a 

race-course (formerly marked out with chalk), ths 
goal [opp. c;irct^res, the start ing-post], ad calcem, 
ut (licitur. ptM -^ cnire, Cic ; ad carceres n calce re- 
vocnri, to return from the end to the beginning. Id. 

CaLyDON, onis, /. (KoAuSwi-). ^Calydon, a 
tow7i of MtoUa, on the River Events, Ov. 


CaL*DoN1S, idis,/. A woman of Calydun, 
Ov. ; /or Deinnira, Id. 

CALyDoNiUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Caiydon, C. heros, i. e. Mdeager, Ov. ; C. amnis, 
i. e. Achelous. Id. ; C. regna, i, e. of Diomedts, in 
Lower Italy, Daunin, Id, Subst.. CalydonitB, arum, 
/., Women of Caiydon, Seti. 

CSLYMNE, es, /. (KaAu^i-a). Calymna, an 
island of the JEgeaii, celebrated for its honey, Ov. 

CXLYPSO, us, and seldom onis, /. (KoAui/zw). 
Calypso, a nymph, the daughter of Atlas (or Ocea- 
nus), on the island Ogygia, who hospitably enter- 
tained Ulysses, Ov. 

CaLYX, ycia, m. (KaA.v|). I, A bud, cup, or 

calyx of a jlower, c. narcissi, Plin. II, The 

shell of fruit, Plin. HI. The shell of an 

egg, PUn. IV. The shell ofaJish,P\m. 

V, ^ Crust or hi iid of plaster of wax put 
round frmt to preserve^ it, Plin, 

CAMARA, a). See Camkra. 

CaMARiNA (earner.), aj,/ (KajLtaptVa). Cavi- 
arina, a town on the snutkwest coast of Sicily, a 
colony of_Syracuse, now Camarana, Virg, 

CAMBY8ES, is, m. (Ka/Li/Sucrjjs), Cambyses. 
^. The husband nf Mandane, father of the elder Cy- 
rus, Just. 2. The son and successor of the elder Cy- 
rus, Just 

CIMeLiNUS, a,um(camelus). Of or belong- 
ing to a camel, lac c, PUn. 

CIMELLA, 88, /. A kind of drinking-vessel, a 
cup, Ov. 

DALUS, i, m. (KajLtTjAoTrdpSoAts). A camelopard, 
giraffe, Varr. , 

CAMeLUS, i, m. («a^tT)Aos, Hebr. 7PJ ). A 
camel, Cic. ; Hor. 

CAMeNA (Cainajna and CamcEna, old form Caa- 

mena), a;,/, I. A muse, Ov. ; Hor, -IL Me- 

ton. : A poem, song, Hor. 

OIMeRA (camara), as,/, (/cajttapa), I. A vault, 
arch, vaulted or arched roof or ceiling, e. 

g. of a room, Cic. ; Sail. II. Meton. : A kind 

of ship with a tilted covering, Tac. 

CaMeRiA, eb,/, and CIMeRiUM, li, n. (Ka/ie- 
fiia). Cameria, a town of Latium, Liv. Its in- 
habitants, Camerini, Val. Max. Camerinus, i, m., 
A cognomen of the celebrated gens Sulpicia, Liv, 
Hence, poet., for people of rank, great personages, 

CXMeRiNUM, i, n. Camerinum, a town of 
Unibria on the frontiers of Ficenum, now Cameri- 
no, Cic. 

CaMeRO, are, v. a. (camera). To sault, to 
arch, Plin. 

GAMERS, ertia. Of or belonging to Ca- 
merin um, Camertian, C. ager, Cic. Subst., Ca- 
mertes, ium, m., The inhabitants of Cameri- 
num, Cic. ; Liv. 

CaMERTiNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Camerin um, C. foedua, Cic, 

CAMILLA, as, /. Camilla, a heroine of the 
Volsci, Virg, 

CAAIILLUS, i, m. A Roman family name; esp. 
M, Furius Camillus, the conqueror of Veii, and de- 
liverer of Rome from the Gauls, Liv. 

CAMiNUS, i, 7K. {Kafiivos)- I- A hearth or place 
for Jire, a furnace, Ov. ; Virg. A stove, flue, 

chimney, Hor.; Suet. II, Meton.: A chim- 

netj-firc, afire, camino luculento utendum cen- 

aeo, Cic. Prov. : oleum addore camino, to poUr 
oil into the fire, Hor, 

CAMftlARUS (camar. and gamm.), i, m. (Ko/x/xa- 
pos). A lobster, Plin.; Juv. 

CAMCENA, to. See Camena. 

CAMPaNiA, te, /. Campania, a fruitful dis- 
trict in the centre of Italy, with its capital Capua, 
now Terra di Lavoro, Plin. ; Flor. 

CAMPaNiCUS, a, um. Of Campania, Cat. 

CAMPINIUS, a, um. Of Campania, Tib. 

CAMPaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Campania, Campariian, C. ager, Cic. ; C. mor- 
bus, a kind of wart on the skin (an epidemic disease 
in Campania), Hor.; C pons, at Capua, leading 
over the Savo to Sinuessa, Id. Subst., Campaoi, 
orum, m.. The i uhabitants of Campania, 

CAMPAS, atie. Of Campania, Plaut. 

CAMPE3TER [-tRIS, Cat.], tris, tre (campus). 
I. Th at is, grows on, or belongs to a plain, 
low, flat, genus agrorum c, Varr. ; c. ac demissi 
loci, CffiE. ; G, barbari, that live on plains, that in- 
habit the plains, Liv.; c. hostis, that fights on the 
plain,lAY. S((6si., campe3tria,iiim,7i., Flat land 

or country, Plm. ; Tiic. II. Of or belong' 

ing to the Field of Mars. A) 1) Belonging 
to the games or athletic exercises held in 
the (Campus Martins) Field of Mars, c. ludua, Cic. 
2) Subst., campestre, is, n. (sc. velamentum), A kind 
of apron or girdle worn by combatants, Hor. — 
B) Of or belonging to the comitia held in the 
Field of Mars, c. gratia, Liv. 

CAMPUS, i, m. {allied to Greek xajaat, xajwrjAoT, 
5(iTiscr. gamphira, ioK!). Arty flat surface or 
plain, aflat or level country, a flat field, 
a plain. LI) Gen. : campos et monies hieme et 
restate peragrantes, Cic. 2) Meton.: The fruit of 
the field, Stat. ; the surface of the sea, Ov. ; Virg. 

II. Esp. A) 1) (_'ni2ipu3 Martina, or simply 

Campus, The Field of M ars, on the Tiber, orig- 
inally belonging to the Targuinii, and after their ex- 
pulsion consecrated to Mars, where the comitia cen- 
turiata were held ; also used as a place for games and 
military exercise, Cic. ; curiam pro senatu, campum 
pi'o comitiia, Id. 2) Fig.: A field, opportuni- 
ty, e. g. for discussion or debate, quum sit c, in 

quo exultare possit oratio. Cic. B) Another of the 

eight (or seven teen) open places at Rome, C, Esquili- 
nus, Cic. ; Suet. 

CAMULODUNUM, i, n. Camulodunum, a 
Roman colony iu Britain, perhaps the modern Col- 
chester, Tac. 

CAMUR, ura, lirum {allied to camera). Beiit, 
curved, Virg. 

CANACE, es, /. (KdvaKij). Canace, daughter 
of^olus, Ov. 

CANaLIS, is, m. [/., Cat.; Varr.], A groove, 
gutter, channel. \. A) Prop. : A conduit or 
water-pipe, a gutter, trough, Csss. ; Liv.; 
Virg.; the shaft or pit of a mine, Plin.; c. ani- 
Ta?B, the windpipe, I6i. B) In Archit. : The chan- 
nel or flute in pillars, esp. in Corinthian col- 
umns,YitT. InMilit.: A groove of the catapulta, 

Id. In Surgery: A splint, Cels. II. Fig., of 

the flow of speech: pleniore haec canali fluuut, &c., 

CJNaRIA INSULA. One nf the Insulffi Fortu- 
natEB m the Atlantic, so called from its breed of dogs, 



CXNaRIUS, a, um (canis). Of w helonging 
to a dog, c. augurium, m which a dog was sacri- 
jiced, Auct. ap. Plin. 

CANCELLl, orura \sing., cancellus, Dig.], m. 
(cancer), i. A) A grating, lattice; bars or 
railings, c. scenici et theatri, Varr, ; c. tori, the 
bar in a court of justice, Cic. ; the barrier in the 

public games, \A. h) Metmi. 1) An elephant' s 

skin, i'Wn, !:*) The room or space encompassed 
by boundaries, A.\xcl.Y>. Aiv. II. Fig.: Bound- 
aries, limits, e. g. in a speech, extra hos cancel- 
los egredi conabor, Cic. 

CANCER, cri [gen. canceria, Lucr-], vi. (KapKi- 

vo<;). 1. A crab, Plin. ; Ov. II. Melon. A) In 

Medic: A cancer, a kind of ulcer, Cels. B) The 

consLellalion Cancer, in which the sun is at the time 
of the summer solstice, Ov. Poet., the south, Ov, ; 

great heat, Id. C) Hands clasped together like 

the claws of a crab, cancri Orci, App. 

CANDAViA, ai, /. {Kav&aovta) . Candavia, a 
monntainous tract of land in lllyria, Cic. 

CANDe-FACiO, -feci, -factum, 3 v. a. (candeo). 

I. To make shiniiig white, Gell. II. To 

make of a glowing heat, to cause to glow, 
c. lapides. Plin. 

CANDe-FiO, -factus sum, -fieri. To become 
glowing, PUn. 

CANDeLA, a;,/, (candeo). I. A taper or light 
made of wax or tallow, a candle, Col. ; Plin. 

II. Melon. A) A fire-brand, fire, Juv. B) A 

cord covered with wax (to prevent decay), Liv. 

CANDELABRUM, i, n. [in old Latin, candelaber, 
m.] (candela). A candlestick, cha 71 deli er, Cic. 

CANDENS, entis. I. Part, of candeo. II. 

-^4?' C/''^'* Candidas): Shining or dazzling 
white, as white as'snow, glitter in g, et de can- 
dentibus atra lacere, Ov. ; c. elephantus, i. e. ivory, 

CANDiiO, iii, 2 v. n. (akin to naita ; cf Icel. kin- 
da, to h indie). I. To be shining white, to be 
white, Hor. Xl.Mctov. A) To be of a glow- 
ing hcnt, m glow, be hot, candente carbone, 
Cic. B) F'^.: To burn with passion, Claud. 

CANDEatJO, ui, 3 v. inch, (candeo). I. To be- 
come shining while, to become bright, Ov. 
II. To attain a glowing heat, to be- 
gin to glow, Ov. 

CANDiDaToRiUS, a, urn (candidatus). Of or 
belong ing to a can didate, c. munus, Cic. 

CANDiDaTUS, a, urn (candidus). Dressed in 

white. I. Gen.: nautm c, Suet. II. Esp., 

Sabst. A) (one that is clofhrd in a bright white toga) 
An applicant, one who solicits an office, 

&c., a candidate, praitoriua c, Cic. B) Fig.: 

One who strives after or aims at a thing, a 
claimant, c. Atticaj eloquentia;, Quint; c. crucis, 
One that is about to suffer on the cross, App. 

CANDiDE, arff. I. I7L white, c. vestitus, Plant. 

11. Fig.:, sincerely, c, ponere in- 

imicitias, Coel. np. Cic. 

CANDlDt/LUS, a, um, dim. adj. (candidus). 
Somewhat white, whitisli, Cic. 

CANDIDUS, a,um (candeo). Shining white, 
as while as snow \opp. niger ; but albus gen. white, 
opp. aterj. I. A.) Prop.: Candida (facere) de nigris, 
Ov. ; Sorjictex;. alta nive, Hor. Poet., of very hand- 
sovie persons : c. tt piilcher puer, Hor.; c. Dido, 
Virg. Clothed in white, for candidatus, c. turba, 
Tib. ; c. scntentin, a white stone used iji voting, Ov. 

the 1 

In the neut. dbsol., with gen. : candidum ovi, white- 
ness, Plin. B) Melon. \) Gen.: Clear, pure, 

otless, c. Stella, Plant. ; c. dies, serene, Ov. Of 

e voice: vox c. et plena, Quint. 2) Poet.: That 
makes bright, c. Fayouixxfi, that make a clear sky, 

Hor. II. Fig. A) Of speech or a speaker: 

Clear, pure, natural, c. genera dicendi, Cic, 

B) Of character: Pure, honest, upright, c. 

judex, Hor. C) Of circumstances or fortune: Se- 
rene, cheerful, favorable, c. natalis, Tib.; c. 
fata, Ov. 

CANDOR, oris, m. (candeo). A shining, 
dazzliJig, snoiB-white color, whiteness ; 
brightness, clear nes s, radiance, brillian- 
cy. 1. Prop. : c. dentium, Plin. ; solis c, Cic. Strik- 
ing or dazzling beauty, fusus ille et candore mixtng 

rubor, Cic. II, Fig. A) Of speech. 1) Brill- 

iancy, splendor, Cic. 2) Simplicity, claria- 

simi candoris (LiviuB), Quint. B) Of character: 

Purity, frankness, sincerity, candor, tua 
Veritas, tuus c, Plin. Pan. 

CaNENS, entis (caneo). Gray, grayish, Ov, 

CaNEO, ui, 2 V. n. To be white or gray, 
whitish gray, hoary, Virg.; Tac. 

CaNePHuROS or -US, i. /. (Kaio).|.dpos). She 
that bears a basket, C&ne^hor^, plur., a picture 
or statue representing Atheiiian maidens carrying 
sacred vessels in small baskets on their heads at the 
feasts of Minerva, Ctres, and Bacchus, Canephores, 

CaNESCO, ere, I). i«cA. 3 (caneo). To become 
whitish-gray, gray, or white. I. Prop.: pab- 

ula c, Ov. ; capilli c, Pliu, ; to grow old, Ov. 

II, Fig., of speech: To be stale, oratio jam nos- 
tra canesceret, Cic. 

CANiCuLA, as,/, dim. (canis). I. A little dog, 

Plin.; of a badwifp, Plant. II. Melon. A) The 

do g - St ar, Sirius, Hor. B) A kind of sea- 
dog, a seal, Plin. C) An unlucky throw 

with dice, Pers. 

CaNiCOLaRIS, e. Of the dog-star, c. dies, 
the dog-days. Pall. 

CaNiDiA, Ee, /. Canidia, a notorious sorcer- 
ess, Hor. 

CAN1N£FaTES (Cannin.), um, m. Caninefa- 
tes, a people on the Batavian peninsula, Tac. In 
the sing., Caninefas, Tac. Also adj. : Of or rela- 
ting tn the Caninefates, C. ala, tumultus, co- 
hortes, Tac. 

CANiNiaNUJ^, a, um. Of or belonging^to 
Caniii i n s, C. tempus, (r^eH Caninius, the tribune 
of the people, projwsed the restoration of Ptolemy, Cic. 

C.iNlNrUS, a. A Roman family name, e. g. C. 
(L.) Caninius Callus, a tribune of the people, Cic. ; 
C. Cnnijiius Rebilua. a legate of Ca^ar, in Gaul Cic. 

ClNlNUS, a, um (canis). I. Of or belong- 
ijig to a dog, canine, c.lac,Ov.; c. dentes, tfte 
eye-teeth, canine trct'i, Cels. ; c. scjeva, a good omen 

taken from the. harking of a dog, Plant. II. 

Melon. : litera c, the letter R (because of its snarl- 
ing sound like that of a cur), Pers. ; c. facundia, vo- 
cifcrous language-, a bellowing, Auct. ap. Pall. ; c. 
prandium, dog's fare, i. e. bad fare (with which no 
wine was drunk)., Varr.; philosoplii c, Cynics, Au- 

CANIS [canes, Plant], ia, c. (Gr. kviov, kw-os, 
Sansrr. chvan). I. .4 dog, Cic; as a term of re- 
proach. Plant ; a parasite, a a'inging, fawning fel- 
low, a a-eaturc, multa sibi opus esse, multa oanibua 


fluia, quos circn se haberet, Cic. ; cave canem, "6e- 
loare of the dog" (inncription over the door where a 

dog was kept hi a ckaiu), Varr. 11. Melo/i. A) 

Tke conslellalion Siriua, the brightest star 
of which is the Canicula, Ov. — B) A sca-d 6 g, 

seal, Virg.; Plin. C) The worst throw at dice 

{dog's throw). Prop. — D) A kind of s h a ckle^ 

CX.NISTRA, orum. n. [canistri, orum, m., Pall.l 
(Kai'LO'Tpa) . W icker -work haskets fur bread, 
jlowers, fruit, &c., Cic; Ov. ; Hor. ; c. siccaria, 
small baskets in which wine-vessels stood on the table, 
a wilie-hnskel, Serv. Virg. 

CaNITiES, ei, em, e,/. (canus). I. A white or 
light gray color, Ov. ; Plin. ; the gray color of 

the hair, Ov.; Plin. 11. Meton. A) Gray hair, 

Ov. B) Old age, Hor. 

CANjUS, ii, m. Canius, a Roman proper name, 

CANNA. w./. (juavvo.). I. A reed, a bulrush, 

Ov. II. Meton.: Any thing made of a reed, g. q. 

a rr.ed-pipc, Ov, ; a boat, gondola, Juv. 

CANNaBiNUS, a, um {Kavva^ivos). Of hemp, 
hempen, Col. 

CANNXBIS, is. /„ and CANNABUM, i, n. (jcdwa.- 
/3t5 and Kawa^oe;). Hempt Plin. 

CANNjE, arum,/ {Kavvai). Cannes, a place 
of Apulia, cast of ihe Aijfidu.% celebrated for Hanni- 
bal's victory over the Romans, now Canne, Liv. 
Appdlntive: Capuam Hannibali Cannaa I'uisae, a 
second CarimB, Liv. 

CANNENSIS, e. Of or belonging to Can- 
nee, C. pugna, Liv,; Prop. ; C. clades. Liv. 

CANO, ceciiii, cantum, 3 v. n. and a. {Sanscr. 
lean, kvan, to sound, sing). To sing; also, to 
play,'blow {as a trumpet), &c. I. Gen. A) Neut.: 
Of persons, animals, instimments, &c. : c. vol voce 
vel tidilius, Cic. ; c. arundine, Ov. Xmpers. ; lituus, 
quo canitur, by which the signal is given, that is 
blown. Of animals : To sing, cry, croak, &c., 
volucres dulcius c, Prop. ; especially of a cock. To 
crow, galli victi silere solent, c. victoree, Cic; 
gallina cecinit (as a bad omen), Tor. Of instru- 
ments : To sound, resound, tibia; canentes, 
Cic; mo93titi tubifi c. Prop. Poet, of places : silva; 
undique c novis avibua, Lucr. — B) Act.: To 
make to resound or echo, to sing, to cele- 
brate in song, quum Simonides cecinisset id car- 
men, Cic. ; c nil dignum eermone, Hor. ; c arma 
virumque, Virg. Of animals : ran* cecinerc que- 
relam l^according to the ancient pronunciation, giv- 
ing the c tke k sound, "kekinere kuerelam" i7i imi- 
tation of the croaking), Virg. Prov. : c carmen 
intus (sibi), to look only to one's own advantage {see 
AspKp?Dius); c eandem cantilenfim, a/war/s the old 
story {or song), Ter. ; c alqd surdis auiibus, to talk 
to the deaf ii. e. to people that will not listen, as we 

say, to talk to a post), Liv. If, Esp. A) 1) Of 

military signals : To give the signal byatrum- 
pet or a flourish of trumpets, ut attendant semel bis- 
ne signum canat in castria, Liv. ; omnee aigna c 
juber. Sail. ; c. receptui, to giiie the signal for a 
counter-march or retreat {by trumpet). Liv.; Tac. 
Also impers. : si receptui ceciniaaet, if a signal had 
been given {by trumpet) to retreat, Liv. 2) Meton., 
also in other than military matters : c bellicum. to 
give the signal for insurrection, to incite {see Bel- 
Licus). — B) In matters of religion: To sing, i. e. 
proclaim by divination, to prophesy, prog- 

nosticate, foretell, ut hsec, quas nunc fiuut, c. 
dii immortalcs viderentur, Cic. ; c. fera fata, Hor. 

CaNON, onia, m. {Kaviuv). I. A rule, i^lia. 

II, E.^p. A) A kind of channel in hydraulic 

iiistruments, Vitr. — B) An annual grant or 
impost, Larapr, — C) A list of religious works, a 
canon, Eccl. 

ClNONiCUS, a, um {Ka.voviK6q). According 
to rule, regular. Gen., t. t. in Music: c. ratio, 
theoretical music, the theory of harmony, Vitr. In 
Astronomy : c. dcfcctionea solis, that take place at 
the regular time, August. 'Subst., Canoriici, orum, 
m., Theorists, P\ia. Canonica, orum, n. (/or ca- 
nonica ratio). Theory, Plin, 

CXNoPkUS, a, um. Of Ganopus, Catull. 

ClNoPlCUS, a, um. Of Ganopus, Plin. 

CaNoPiTjE, arum, m. The inhabitants of 
Ganopus, Cic 

ClNoPUS, i, m. (Kavto/Soy, KdcwTros). Gano- 
pus or -bus, a town in Lower Egypt, on the west- 
ern, mouth of the Nile, Plin. ; Tac. 

CXNOR, oris, 7n. (cano). A sound, song, mel- 
ody, tune, Ov. ; martins c, a martial melody, 
sound, or tune, Virg. 

CXNoRUS, a, um (canor). Harmonious, me- 
lodious, sonorous, musical, prolluens quiddam 
habuit Carbo et canorum, a flowing, harmonious 
speech and voice, Cic. Also, in a bad sense : vox c, 
a singing or droning voice, Cic. ; turba c, a chorus, 
Ov. ; c. iss (i. e. tuba), clear-toned, shrill, Virg. 

CANTIBER, bra, brum. Of or belonging 
to Cantabria or the Gantabri, Gantabri- 
an, Claud. Subst., Cantabri, orum, m.. The Gan- 
tabri, Cantabrians, Plin. In thesing., Canta- 
ber, Hor.; Just. 

CANTaBRiA, £6,/. {KapTa^pCa). Cantabria, 
a province of Hispania Tarraconensia, now Biscay^ 

CANTIBRtCUS, a, um. Gantabrian, i.e. of 
Gantabri a, C. terra, Mel. 

CANTaMEN, inis, n. (canto). A formula in 
enchan imcnt, an incantation, charm. Prop. 

CANTaTOR, oris, m. A singer, bard, Gell.; 

CANTaTRIX, icia, /, Singing; a female 
singer, Claud. 

CANTeRIUS (canth.), ii, m. I. A g elding, 
Cic ; Stu. An experienced or tried man, 
Plaut. Prov. : c. in fosaa, to be in troubles, Liv. 

11. In Archii. : The wooden frame-work 

of a roof, Vitr. HI. A rail or stake with 

cross-pieces to prop up a vine. Col. 

CANTHaRA, eb, f. An old woman, ap. Ter. 

CANTHaRIS, idis,/. {KavOapCs). I. A genus of 

beetle. Embracing various kinds, Flin. II. A 

Spanish fly, usually employed as poison or in 

medicine, C\c. III. A corn-worm, a grub, 

Plin. IV. A weevil, an insect injurious to 

rose-trees and vines, Plin. 

CANTHXRUS. i, m. {Kaveapo^). I. A largedrink- 
ing vessel with handles, a can, tankard, mug, 

Hor.; Virg. II. Metov. A) A water-pipe, 

Dig W) A kind of sea- fish, Plin. 

CANTHERIUS arid its derivatives. See Cante- 


CANTHUS, i, m. {tca-vBos). I. Tke felloe or 

tire of a wheel. Quint. II. Meton.: A wheel 

in general, Pers. 

CANTiCUM, i, m. (cantus). A song, ballad. 


I. Prop. A) Qen.: omne convivium obecenis can- 

ticis strepit, Quint. B) Esp. in Roman Comedy : \ 

A solo, accomyanied witli miiaic and daiictii^, a 
mnandtj, iiosti c. (in Demiurgo Turpilii), memi- 

nisti Roscium, Cic. II. Melon.: A faulty 

and drawling kind of speech or delivery, 

CANTiLeNA, ad,/, (cantillo). I. A song, bal- 
lad, Gell. II. Esp. ill a contemptuous sense: 

A story often repeated and room threadbare, an 
old song, ntjque ex scholis CEUitilenam requirunt, 
Cic. Prov. : canere cantilenam eandem, to be al- 
ways harping on the same string, Ter. 

CANTIO, onis,/. (cano). A song, ballad. I. 

G«?i., Plaut, ; Suet. II. ^ ;i incantation, a, 

formula used in enchantment, veneficiis et 
cantionihus Titiniae, Cic. 

CANTlTO, 1 V. freq. a. (canto). To sing re- 
peatedly or frequently, canniiia in epulis esse 
cantitata, Cic. 

C ANTjEUM, ij, n. Canti u m, a promontory, and 
the country about it, in Britain, now Kent, CffiS- 

CANTiUNCOLA. ie, f. dim. (cantio). A little 
song, a charming or alluring strain, can- 
tiunculis (Sirenum), Cic. 

CANTO. 1 V- intcns. n. and a. (cano). To 
sound, )^ing, play, blow (a windwstrumcut), 
&.Q.. I. Gt:n. A) Kent.: adimaui c. severis. Hor. ; 
cantando victus, in a glee, Virg, ; c. tibiis, Nep. ; c. 
ad manum, in the theatre, to accompany a dance or 
pantomime with singing or playing, Liv. Of ani- 
mals: deos gallis signum dedrsse oantandi, Cic. 
Prov. : c. surdo, to talk to deaf ears, i. e. to no effect. 

Prop. ; c. ad surdas aurea, the same, Ov. B) Act. : 

To sing of, to Celebrate by song, to praise, > 
glorify, c. carmina non prius audita, Hor. ; jam- I 
prideni isturn canto C^eearcm. Cic. ; c. Augusti 

troptua, Hor. II, Esp. A) To pronounce a ' 

magic formula, to call up by charms or 
magic, to enchant, bewitch. Cat.; Ov. ; Virg. 

B) To poi7it out, indicate, say. Plaut. 

CANTOR, oria, m. (cano). A singer, mitsi- 
cian. I. Gen.: omnibus hoc vitium est cantori- 

bus, Hor. Foct, bard. Prop. II. Esp. A) 

Contemptuously : One who sings over or re- 
cites set forms ; an eulogist, extoller, c. 

formularum, Cic. B) In theatrical language : 

A player (;^op€UTT7s), Cic; Hor. 

CANTRIX, icia,/. A songstress. Plant. 
CANTUS, us, m. (cano). I. A) The sound of 
music, melody, song, quotidiano cantu vocum, 
Cic. ; c. avium, Id. ; c. gallt, the crowing of a cock. 
Id.; c. tubarum, Liv. B) A song, verse, poet- 
ry, per composites caiitus, Tac. II. E^'p. A) 

Prophecy, divination, Catull. B) An in- 
cantation, Ov, ; Tib. 

CvNtlLElUS, a, A Roman family name, e. g. 
CaiiLileius, a tribune nf the people, who introduced, 
A.U.C, 340, marriages beticeen patricians and plebe- 
ians, Liv. ; hence, adj.. Canuleium plebiscitum, Cic. 
CaNUS, a, um. I. Gray, hoary, of the color 
of ashes, c. capilli, Ov. ; c. nix, IJor, ; c. fluctus, 
foaming, Cic. poet. ; Ov. Subst. plur. : cani, 
orurn, m. (sc. capilH'i, Gray hair, Cic; o. fiilsi. 

Ov. II. Poet, melon.: Old, hoary, c. senec- 

tus, CatLil], 

CINOSlNUS, a, um. Belonging to Canu- 
s i n m, C. fuscto, garments made of Caimsian wool. 



CXNtJSiUM, ii, n. Canusinvi. a very ancient 
town of Apulia, celebrated J ui itswool,now Canosa, 

CAPaCiTAS, atis, /. (capax). A capability 
of holding much, room, capaciousness, 
utrum capacitatem aliquara in animo putamus ease, 

CXPANEU3 {trisyll.), ei, m. (KaTraveus). CapOr 
neus, one oj the Seven before Thebes, struck by a 
flash of lightning from Jupittr, Prop. 

CJtPAX, acis(capio). 7'hat can hold much. 
I. Prop. : Roomy, capacious, spacious, ex- 
tensive, spatiosa et c domus, Plin. E,; scyphi 
capaciores, Hor. With gen. : capable of holding or 

containing, cibi vinique capacissimus, Liv. — IL 

Fig.: Susceptible, able, capable, compre- 
hensive (aures) ita sunt avidae et capaces, Cic; 
animus c. ad pradcepta, Ov. With gen.: animal c. 
mentis aita^ (i. e. man), Ov. ; c. aecreti, keeping, 
Plin. E. 

CIPeDO. inis, /. (capis). A small vessel or 
c up, used for pouring out libations, Gic. 

CaPeDUNCuLA, ffi,/. dw« (capedo). A smaller 
vessel than the capedo, of the same kind, Cic. 

CaPELLA, ae, /. di?n. (capra). L A young 
she-goat, a kid, Ov. ; Virg.; an architectural or- 
nament. Cic. II. Miton. : A star in the constel- 
lation. Auriga, Ov. ; Plin. 

CaPeNA. te, /. Capena, a town of Asturia, in 
the neighborhood of which was the temple of Feronia, 

CaPeNAS, atia. Of or belonging U) Cape- 
na, C. lundua, Cic. Snbst. phir., Capenates, Ths 
inhabitants of Capena, Liv. 

CaPeNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to Ca- 
pena, C. Porta, a gate at Rome, now S. Sebasti- 
an o, Cic. 

CaPER, pri, m. I. A he-goat, sacrificed to 
Bacchus {because it is injurious to the vine), Ov, ; 

Vug. II. Mcton.: A smell arising from llie 

armpiis, Catull. 

CaPJ:RO, 1 V. a. and n. (caper). I. Act.: To 

wrinkle, App. IL ^'tut. : To be wrinkled, 


CAPESSO (capisso), ivi (rarely ii), itum, 3. v. 
desid. a. (capio). To snatch or seize eager' 
' ly at any thing, to catch at, take hold of. I. 
Prop. A) Gen. : cihum partim oris hiatu et denti- 
bus ipsis cHpessunt Cic; c. arma, Ov. ; Virg. — 
' B) Especially nf places : Tn strive after, to 
\ make for, to betake one' s self to, to endeav- 
\or to arrive at, medium locum capossentes, 
Cic. ; c. Itiiliam, Virg. ; c. se, to betake one s self, 

\ Plant.-, Ii. A) Fig.: To seize or lay hold 

of eagerly, make use of, avail one' s self 

* of undertake to carry on, c rempnblicam, 

to undertake tlie administration of the state, Cic ; c. 

bellum, Liv. B) Meton. : To apprehend, c, 

corde alqd, Enn. ap. Cic 

CaPkTUS, i, m. Capet u s {Mythol), a king of 
Alba, Liv. 

CAPHaREUS (trisyll), ei, 7n. (Ka<^apevs). Co- 
p hare us, a promontory on the south coast ofE'ibcEO, 
where the Greeks wt-rc wrecked on their return from 
'Troy, now Capo del Oro, Ov. ; Virg. 

CaPHaReUS. a, um (four syllables) (Ka^ijpfio?)- 
Of or belonging to Caphareus, Ov. 

CAPHaRIS, idis, /. (KcufrrjpK), i. q. Caphareua, 


CAPILLaMENTUM, i, n. (capillua). I. Hair, 

Plin.; a wig", peruke, Suet. II. Melon.: 

The fibres or threads of roots, Plin. 

CIPILLaUE, is, 71. (sc. unguentum). Poma- 
tum or ointment far the hair. Mart. 

CXPILLaReUS, a, um (cfipillus). I. Like 
hair, of the n iture of hair, c. coma arboris, 
Plin II. Made of hair.. Aagust. 

CAPILLiTUl5, a, um (capillor), part. J. Hav- 
ing hair or a fine head of hair, hairy, adoles- 
cens bene c, Cic. ; denoting the olden time, vinam 
diffusum capillato consuls, Juv,; conf. Barba and 

Barbatus. II. Of plants : Having thin 

fibres, radices c, Plin. 

CXPILLOR, 1 V. dtp. (capillus). To he hairy, 

CAPILLiJLUS, i, m. dim. Fine hair, Corn. 

C'.vPILLUS, i, m. [capillum, i, n., Plaut.] (pilus). 
I. The hair of the head [bat crinis, hair in gener- 
al], c. compositus et delibutus, Cic. ; c. promissus, 
long, Cajs. ; hair, generally including the beard, 
Dionysius candente carbone sibi adurebat capillum, 
Cic. Of the beard, Sen. ; Suet. ; of the hair of ani- 
mals, CatuXi. II. A) Metojj.: The fibres of 

a plant, Plin. B) E^. : c. Veneris, maiden-hair, 

i. q. herba capillaris, App, 

ClPiO, cepi, captum, 3 [fut perfect, capso, &c., 
Plaut-j. To take, seize, or take up any thing. 
1. Prop. A) Gcii.. : pati nb ignc ignem c, si qui ve- 
lit, Cic. ; c. arma, Id. ; Ctes. ; c. cibum, to take, Sail. 

B) Esp. 1) To reach a place, to arrive at, 

insulara c. non potuerant, Caes. ; naves c. portQS. 
Id. Seldom for capessere, to make for any place, to 
hasten to it, c. monies proximos fuga. Liv. 2) To 
take ayiy one or any thing by force, or in a hos- 
tile maimer, to take captive, to catch, to 
take by force of arms, capture, donguer, 
occupy, make a prisoner, <fec., belli nefa- 
rios duces captos tenetis, Cic. ; thus, capti hostes, 
Hor. ; c. locum, to occupy, put a garrison into, 
Still.; Nep. 3) To take for a certain purpose, 
to elect, choose, capiendi loci causa, Cic; 
c. locum castris, Liv, Of the ordaining of a 
prieat, Cic. ; of a place for religious ceremonies, c. 
templa ad inaugurandum, Liv, 4) With reference 
to room: To include, comprise, hold, con- 
tain, terra feras cepit, volucres aer, Ov. ; una 
domo jam capi nou possiut, Cic, ; non capiat tuus 
venter plus ac meus, Hor. 5) To take or re- 
ceive any thing, or the proceeds of any thing, to 
take possession or to receive a portion of an 
inheritance, &.C., to make profit, capitille ex suis 
prffldiis scxcenta sestertia, Cic. ; thus, c. vectigal ex 

agro, Liv, II. Fig. A) Gen.: To take, lay 

hold of, seize, ex quo documentum nos c. for- 
tuna voluit, Cic; tempus adeundi ad alqm, id,; c. 

conatum, to make an attempt, Liv. B) Esp. 1) To 

seize or take mentally, to embrace with one's 
mind or mental capacities; hence, to compre- 
hend, understa7id, Cic; thus, quod mentes 
eorum c. possent, Liv. 2) a) la the passive: To 
be seized, impeded, checked, debilitated, 
&c., as to mental or bodily powers, in the liberty of 
one's will, &:c. (thus mostly in thepart. perf.), Hanni- 
bal altero oculo capitur, loses, Liv. ; conf. ut idem 
oculis et auribus captus sit, Cic; mcmbris omni- 
bus cai^tQS, deprived of the use of, maimed, Id. ; men- 
te case captum, to be out of one's mind. Id. ; conf 

virgines velut eaptse furore, possessed, Liv. ; captiia 
anirai, crack-brained, Tac ; quibus ilia aitas (ado- 
lescentis) capi potest, taken by, gained over, seduced, 
allured, led astray, Cic. b) In the active: To take, 
gain over, mislead, seduce, deceive, &.C.; 
qu£B (pictura), si propius stes, te capiat magis, Hor. 

3) To take upon one's self, to engage in 
any thing, as, an office, an employment, to enter 
upon, to undertake (capessere, suacipere), lu- 
bido reip. capiund®, Sail. ; thus, c. consulatum, Id, 

4) 5ee I., B, 5) 2'o take ajiy thing, to receive, 
accept, as, the proceeds of any thing, to take, as a 
possession, put one's self into possession, 
to come to, as properly. Sec, maximum fructum 
ease captures, Cic. ; c. somnum, to take rest, Id. ; c. 
nomen ex alqa re, Ca;s. ; videant conaules, ne quid 
reepnblica detrimenti capiat, may not take any hurt, 
not suffer any harm, Cic. 5) a) Of dispositions or 
emotions of the mind: To feel, enjoy, suffer, 
desiderium, quod capiebat e filio, Cic. ; c. tffidium 
vitas, Nep. b) Conversely: desiderium c alqm, lays 
hold of, seizes, comes upon any one, &c ; nisi te amor 
ipse ceperit. Cic. ; ubi senatiim metua cepit, Liv. 

CXPIS, Tdis, /. A small vessel with one ear for 
pouring out libations, Liv. 

C.iPiSTRO, 1 V. a. (capistrum). L To tie or 
fasten with a halter, to muzzle, e. jumenta. 

Col. ; Plin. II. Meton. : To bind, fasten, c, 

vitcs, Col. 

CiPlSTRUM, i, n. (capio). I. A halter, a 

muzzle for animals, Varr. ; Cic; Virg. 11, 

Meton. A) A band, tie for fastening vines. Col. 
B) A cord used about a winepress. Cat. 

Capital (caput ; prop. adj. : Of or belonging 
to the head, for capitalis ; hence, snbst.), A capital 
crime or offence, c. eato, an oldform, Cic. 

CIPiTaLIS, e (caput). L Of or belonging 
to the head, capital. A) Gen.: c. periculum, 
danger of life, Plaut. ; c morbus, that endangers 

life, mortal, Gell, B) 1) Esp. in Law, of offences 

that are punished with deatfi: Capital, reus renim 
capitalium, Cic Subst., capitale, A capital of- 
fence, c. est, objicere ante acta. Quint. In t/ie 
plur., an old form, Cic. ; Liv, ; Suet. 2) Meton. ; 
Highly or entirely destructive, deadly, 
dangerous, mortal, c. hostis, mortal enemy, 
Cic i c. odium, mortal hatred, Id, Compar., Id, 

II. Principal, chief, head, excelling, 

pre-eminent, Siculus ille (Pbilietus) c, acutus, 
ifcc, principal (capital) author, Cic. ; c ingeniiim, 
principal (capital) genius, Ov. ; c. jocus, a capital 
Joke, Treb. 

CAPlTALtTER,arfiJ. Mortally, to the very 
death, c. lacessere, Plin. E. 

CIPiTaTUS, a, um (caput). Furnished with 
a head, c. csepa, Plin. ; c vinea, thatgrows chiefly 
toward the head (opp. brachiata), Col. 

CiPlTlNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Capitium, in the south of Sicily, C. civitaa, Cic. 

CaPiTO, onis, m. (caput). I. A big head, one 
that has a large head, flaccoa, frontones, capi- 
tones, Cic. II. A big-headed sea fish, a pol- 
lard, Cat. III. A kind of big-headed river-fish, 


CaPiTO, onis, m. Capita, u Roman surname, 
esp. in the ffens Sestia, Hor., &c. 

CaPiTOLiNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
the Capitol, Capitoline, c clivua, Cic. ; c. lu- 
di, Liv. ; c. quercus, a icreath of oak presented to tlie 


victor in the Ludi Capitolini, Juv. SubsL, Capitoli- 
ni, orum, m., The directors of the Ludi Capitolini, 

CXPIToLiUM, ii, 77. (capitulum, caput). I. The 
Capitol'i. e. tlip. splendid temple of Jupiter on the 
mons Saturnius or Tarpeiue, opposite the Arx, built 
by the Tarquuni ; afterward, the whole hill with its 
iepiple and citadel, now Campidog I io, Liv. ; Cic. 

■ II. Metoii., also of the citadels of other cities, 

e. g. nf Capua and of Btucventum, Suet. 

CAPiTOLaTIM, adih (capitulum). By heads, 
summarily, Nep. ; Plin. 

CiPlTOLUiM, i, n. dim. (caput). I. A little 
head, Plaut. As a term of endearment : O c. lepi- 

diasimum, Ter. II. Melon. A) In Arc.liit. 1) 

2'/ie capital or chapiter of a column, Yitr. 2) 
The capital of a triglyph, V'llr. B) The cross- 
beam of a?} eugiite of war, Vitr. C) A larger di- 
vision if a book, chapter. Eccl. 

CIPO. onis, and CAPUS, i, m. (Kawoiv). A ca- 
pon. Col. ; Mart. 

CAPPXDOCiA, ae,/. (KaTTTroSoKt'a), Cappado- 
cia, a country of Asia Minor, now Caramania, 

CAPPlDOCiUS, a, um. Cappadocian, Col.; 

CAPPID5CUS, a, um. Cappadocian, Col.; 

CAPPADOX, ocig, m. (KaTTTraSoO- Cappado- 
cian. C. equi, Veg. Subst., C;ippadoce9, cum, m.. 
The inhabitants of Cappadocia, Plin. ; Hor 

CAPPaRIS, is, /., and CAPPIRI, ind. n. { 
iraptq or Ko-mvapi). The caper -bush, ^\m,; also 
the fruit itself , capers, Id. 

CAPRA, iM,f (caper). I. A kid or she-goat. 

Cic. II. Mcton. A) A star in the constellation 

Auriga. Hor. B) A strong smell under the arm- 
pits, Hor. 

CAPR.^ PALU3. The place at Rome, near the 
Campus Martius, where Romulus disappeared, Liv. ; 
called also Caprea Palus, Ov. 

CIPReA, m,f (capra). A roe, wild she-goat. 
Virg. ; Ov. Prov. : jungere capreaa lupis, said of i 
a tiling impossible, Hor. j 

CAPRe^, arum./ CapretE, an island in the 
Tuscan Sea, near Campania, ike favorite resort of ' 
the Emperor Tiberius, now Capr), Plin.; Tac 1 

CAPRfeENSIS, e. Of or belonging to (the ] 
island) Caprem, C. secessus, i. c. the retreat of the i 
Emperor Tibprins, on the isle of Capri, Suet. i 

CaPReOLUS, i, m. dim. (caper). L A kind of 
wild goat, a chamois, roebuck ,Virg. ; Col. 

II. A weeding-hook with two points. Col. | 

III. Capreoli, m.. Stays, props, Cies. IV. ' 

The tendril of a vine, Col. ; Plin. 

ClPRiCORNUS, i, m. (caper, cornu). Capri- , 
corn, one of the. signs of the zodiac, Cic. ; Hor. ' 

CXPRIFiCaTIO, onis,/ A ripening of. 
figs by means of the gall-pj (cynips psenes, L,), i 
a kind of insect found about the fruit of the wild Jig- j 
tree, Plin. I 

CaPRiFiCO, are, v. a. (caprificus). To ripen 
or force figs by means of the bite or sting of the 
gallfly. Plin. 

CaPUIFiCUS, i,/ (caper, licus), A wild fig- 
tree, a wild fig, Plin.; Hor. 

CXPRtGENUS, a, um (caper, gigno). Of the 
goat kind, Macr. Snbst., caprigeni, m, Qoats, ' 
she-g oats, Y'iTs,. 


CiPRiLE, is, n. (caper). A g oat-houae, 

CaPRIMULGUS, i, m. (caper, mulgeo). L A 
milker of g oats, i. e. Poet., a peasant, CatuU, 
II. A bird that was supposed to suck the ud- 
ders of goats, Plin. 

CXPRlNUS, a, um(caper). Of or belonging 
to goats, c. pellis, a goat's skin, Cic. Prov. : nx- 
ari de lana c, about guafs wool, i. e. things of little 
value, Hor. 

CaPRi-PES, pedis (caper, pes). Goat-footed, 
Hor. ; Prop. 

CAPSA, aj, / A repository, a chest, box, 
coffer, esp. fur books, a book-case, Cic; Hor. 
CAPSA, m, f. Capsa, a town of Gatidia, sur- 
rounded by vast sandy deserts. Sail. 

CAPSaRiUS, ii, m. (capsa). A slave who followed 
his master's son to school, and carried his books, 

CAPSELLA, ifi,/ dim. (capsa). A small box, 

CAPSENSES, ium. Inhabitants of Capsa, 

CAPStiLA, as,/, (capsa). A small box, Plin.; 
CatuU. ; homo de c, neatly dressed, just like the 
English '■'■as if taken out of a band-box," ofapersan 
over-nice in dress, Sen. 

CAPSU3, i, m. (capsa). L A coach-box, Vitr. 

II. A pen or other in do sure for animals, 


CAPTiTiO, onia. / L A reaching after, 
catching at, c. verborum, Cic; c. teetamenti, a 

hunting after legacies, Plin. H. Esp. ; A feint 

iiifi'ncing, Quint 

CAPTaTOR, oris, m. 1. Prop.: One who 

snatches at or catches a iking, Prud. II. 

Fig. A) Gen,: One loho endeavors or strives 

after a thing, c. aurse popularis, Liv. B) Esp.: 

One icko hunts after legacies, legacy-hunter, 'Hot. 
C.lPTiO, onis,/ (capio). A taking in, de- 
ceiving, deception. 1. Prop. A) Gen.: ei in 
parvula re captionis aliquid vererere, Cic. — B) Esp. 
in Philos. : A soph ism, omnes istius generis cap- 
tiones eodem modo refelluotur, Cic. II. Me- 
lon. : The result of deception, injury, harm, dis- 
advan tage, Plaut. 

CAPTioSE, adv. Captiously, c. interrogare, 

CAPTioSUS, a, um (captio). I. Fallacious, 
deceitful, O societatem c. et indignam, Cic. 

II. Esp. {after captio, I., B. : Captious, 

sophistical, c. interrogationibus decepti, Cic. 
Absol. : captiosa, sophisins, c. solvere, Cic. 

CAPTiUNCtjLA.te,/ (captio). Captiousness, 
sophism, omnes c pertimescere, Cic. 

CAPTiViTAS, atis,/(captivus). I. Captivity, 
Sea.; Tac. Of towns or countries: A taking, 

capture, c. urbium, Tac. II. Mcton. : cocu- 

lorum, blind?tpss, App. 

CAPTiVUS, a, um (captus, capio). Caught, 
captured, taken as booty; usually a.s a subst., a 
prisoner, captive, pr i soner of war, captives 
commutare, roddoio, rcdimere, Cic ; c corpora, 
booty consisting of pris-tucis and cattle {opp. urbs), 
Liv. Poet, fern., captiva, te, A female prisoner, 
Ov.; Hor. Adj.: Of or b elong in g to pr iso a- 
ers, of the prisoners, c lacerti, Ov.; c. sanguis, 
Virg. Of animals : Caught, taken in tht 
chase, c crocodili. Plin. Of things: Taken in 


war, booty, spoil, &c.; captured, captive, c. 
naves, Ckos. ; Liv. ; c. Corinthus, Hor. 

CAPTO, 1 V. intens. a. (capio). To endeavor 
to catch, snatch at eagerly, to attempt to 
get possession of. l.Prop.: c. fluminaalabris 
fugieiuia, Hor. ; c. pieces, Tib. ; c. auram patulie 

naribus, to snatch at, Virg. ; Ov. II. Fiff. : To 

strive after eagerly, to demand, seek. A) 
Gen.: c. asaensioneni alcjs, Cic. ; c. risus. Id.; c. 
voluptatem, Id, ; variis cuptaret orainibus, endeav- 
ored to find out, investigated. Suet, fall, by relative 
clause. — 'Q) Esp, 1) 2'o endeavor to entrap by 
cunning or deceit, to deceive, qui te c. vult, Cic. ; 
c. hostem insidiis, Liv. ; c. inter se, to ti-y to deceive 
One another, Id. 2) To endeavor to catch a 
legacy, to hunt after a legacy, c. testauienta, 
Hor.; more frequently ahsol., Mart.; Plin. E, 

CAPTORA, fce, /. (capio). I. A catching, a 

draught, c, uberrima piaciiim, Plin. II. Mr.- 

ton. A) Concr.i That which is caught, a draught 

{of fish, fowl, (fee), Plin.; Suet. B) Low, mean 

gain or profit. Sen.; Suet. 2) That which is 
got by begging, alms, Val. Max. 
CAPTUS, a, urn, part, of capio. 
CAPTUS, lis, m. (capio). A taking or laying 
hold of, a seizing. I. Prop.: c. bonorum, Val. 
Max. ; c. trium digitorum, as much as 7nay be seized 

with three fngas, Plin. II. Fig. r Power of 

comprehension, mental cajiacity, satis pru- 
dentes, ut est c. honiinum. according to their capac- 
ity (conseguerttly of great penetration or prudence), 
Cic. ; ut est c. Germanorum, according to German 
notions, C&s. 

CAPCA, itt, /. Capua, the capital of Campania, 

n 070 the village St- Maria di Capoa, Cic; Hor. 

CXPOLaKIS, e (capulus). Of or belonging 

to a coffin, c. homo (series.), near the grave, Plaut. 

CaPCLUS, i, m. (capio). I. A hilt, esp. of a 

sword, Cic; Ov. ; Virg. 11. Melon. A) The 

membrum virile, Plaut. — B) A coffin, Lucil. ap. 
Non. ; ii'e ad capulum, to go to the grave, Lucr. ; 
capuli decus, one that is fit for the coffin or the grave, 
i. e. old, worn out, Plaut. ; conf. capularis. 

CIPtJT, itis [abl. capiti, Catull.J. n. {related to 
Gr. KE*aA.T7, the German Kopf; Snnscr. kapala, 
skull). I. A) The head of a man or an animal, 
cervicib'ua fractis c. abscidit, Cic. ; capite deraisso, 
with one's head bent down, or stooped, with downcast 
looks, CffiS. ; velut deliberabundi capita conferunt, 
put their heads together, confer, Liv. ; capita aut na- 
vim, a game in which a coin was tossed up, leaving 
it fur the other party to guess whether it would fall 
with the side turned up which had the image of a Ja- 
nus head on it, or that which had a rostrum ; the 
English ''head or tail," Macr. Prov.: nee c nee 
pedes, neither head nor tail, i.e. neither beginning 
nor end, Cic. ; per c. pedcsque, overhead and heels, 
i.e. precipitately, Ca.t-ii[\. — 'B) Meton. 1) Of things: 
The uppermost part, the top, tip, extreme 
point, head, capita summa papaveria, the heads 
of poppies, Liv. ; c. jecoris, the extremities of the liver, 
Cic; Liv.; c. pontis, (AeAeado/aftriti^e, Plane ap. 
Cic. Ofrivers; usually. Source, origin, spring, 
fountain, Hirt. ; Liv.; Ov. ; sometimes also, the 
mouth, Ca;s. ; Hor. Ofplants: Root, Cat; Plin.; 
a vine-shoot, Cic. 2) Gen.: A man, head, per- 
son, liberuni c, Cic; carum e., Virg,; Hor.; in ' 
capita, for each person, to a man, Liv. Ofaif. ani- ; 
mal, a', Virg. ; Col. IT. Fig. A) (physical 


or civil) Life, pactum pro capito pretiura, Cic; 
capitis periculum infcrre alcui, danger or risk of 
life, Id. ; certamen c, of life and death, Id. ; civil 
life, according to Roman ideas, all liba'lics, privi- 
leges, and rights of a citizen and father of a family, 
Cic; Liv. — B) The head, as the seat of undir- 
standing, the ujider standing, Hor. — C) The 
leader, principal, chief, head, caput est om- 
nium Grajcorum, Cic; capita nominis Latini, the 
leaders, Liv. Of things : jure nigro, quod coeiias c. 
erat, Cic. ; c esse artia, decerc, the principal thing. 
Id. ; c. literarum, the principal contents, the sum, the 
chief or principal point, Id. ; c Epicuri, thefirst prin- 
ciple. Id.; c. rerum, the head, chief id.; a priino 
I capite legis usque ad extremum,/rom. the first to the 
■ last section, or paragraph, clause, Id.; coalraria in- 
I ter sese de rep. capita, sections, chapters, Id. Of 
'money: Principal sum, capital stock. Cic.-, Liv.; Hor. 
I CXPYS, yos, m. (KaTrus)- Capys. 1. The son 
of Assaracus, father of Anchises. Ov. 2, A compan- 
ion of Mneas, Virg. 3. The eighth king of Alba, Liv, 
CAR, Caris, m. A Carian, inhabitant of Ca- 
via, Cic. fZwr., Cares, um, CarianB,P\\n. , Ov. 
CaRaBUS, i, m. (Kdpa)3os). A kind of lobster, 

CaRaCALLA, 89, and CARACALLIS, is, f. (a 
Gallic word). A Gallic cloak. Sparttan. 

CIRaLIS (Cfilaris), is,/ (KdtpaAts). Caralis, 
the capital of Sardinia, 7iow Cagliari, McI.; Flor.; 
a secondary form, Carales, um, Liv. 

CXRILiTaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Caralis, Liv. Subst., Caralitani, orum, m.. The 
inhabitants of Caralis, Cass. 

CAREASeUS, a, um (carbasus). Of fine lin- 
en, c. vela, Cic; c. sinus, Virg, 

CARBaSiNUS, a, um, for carbaseus. Of fine 
linen, Plin. 

CARBaSUS, i, /., plur. -SA, orum, n. \m. carbasi, 
Am.m.] (KtipTratro?). I. Fine Spanish flax, Plin. ; 

Catull. II. Melon.: Linen or any thing else 

made offiax ; as, a garment, Virg. ; Ov. ; a sail. Id, ; 
the books of the Sibyl, that were written on linen, Claud. 
CARBATiNA, £6,/. (KapiraTivj]). A sort of coarse 
shoe, Catull. 

CARBO, onis, m. I. A coal, charcoal, Cic. 
Poet. : carbones elogiorum, scurrilous verses, Plaut ; 

conf. carbone notare, to make black, Hor. II, 

In Medic: A bad ulcer or swelling, carbuncle, 
Ser. Sammon.; conf carbunculus. 

CARBO, onis, m. A surname of the gens Papiria, 

CARBoNaRiUS, a, um(carbo). Of or belong- 
ing to coal, c. negotium, A. Vict. Siibst., carbo- 
narius, ii,m., A collier ; a burner of charcoal 
(i. e. that burns wood into coaZ), Plaut. 
CARBUNCtjLUS, i, m, (izm. (carbo). L A small 

coal, Auet Her. II. Melon. A) A kind of earth 

or sand, like coaZ, Vitr, B) A kindof precious stone, 

a carbuncle, ruby, hyacinth, Plin. C) A kind 

of painful swelling, a boil, ulcer, Cels. ; Plin. 

CARCER, eris, m. (KapKapov, perhaps related to 
ep/co?, arceo). Originally, a locked-up place, an in- 
closure; hence, I. A) A prison, lock-up^house, 
jail, dungeon, ad illiuspcenam c aedificatusesse 
videtur, Cic. — B) Those that are shut up in a dun- 
geon, prisoners, criminals, in me carcerem 

effudistis, Cic II. Usually in plur. A) The 

barrier or starting-place in the circus (oppo- 
site the calx or meta), qui vix e carceribua exierit, 

Cic. ; carceribus tnisei currus, Hor. Poet, in sing:, 
Enn. ap. Cic. ; Ov. ; Virg. B) Fig:: The begin- 
ning; ad carcores a calce revocari, i.e. to begin 
life anew, or to be^in a nan life, Cic. 

CARCeRaRiUS, a, um (career). Of or belong- 
ing to a prisov, fee, Plaut. 

CXRCHeDONiUS, a, um (Kapx^^dvtos)- Car- 
thaginian. Plin. 

CARCHeSIUM, ii, n. (,Kapxn<^iov). I. A kind of 
drinking -V essel, narrow in the middlr, Ov.; 

Virg. II. Melon.: The upper part of a mast so 

shaped, n round-lop, mast-head, Luc. 

CARClNoMA, atis, n. (Kop/ct'cw/xa). A can cer 
(pure Lat. cancer), CcIg. ; Plin. ; also, figuratively, 
of bad, ill corngihle persons, Aug. ap. Suet. 

CARCINOS. i, m. (/capKiVos). The constella- 
tion Cancer, Luc. 

CARDaCES, um. m. (KapSa/ces). A kind of Per- 
sian soldiers. Nep. 

CARDlMoMUM, i, n. (KapSdiJ.iofj.ov). A kind of 
spice, cardamoms, c. Alpinia, (Fam. ScitamijietE), 

CARDIA, sB,f Cardia, a town inthe Tkradan 
Chersonese, Plin. 

CARDiiCUS, a, um (KapSiaKo^). Of or be- 
longing to the stomach, c. morbus, Cels. 
Sub-st., cardiacus, i, 7«., One affected with a dis- 
order of the slomach, Cic. ; Hor. 

CARDiaNUS, i, m. Of or from the town Car- 
dia, C. Eumenes, Nep. 

CARDiNaLIS, e (cardo). Of or belonging 
to a door-hiv ge, Vitr. 

CARDiNaTUS, a, um (cardo). Mortised, Vitr. 

CARDO, inis, m. \f. Gracch. np. Prise.]. L A) 
A hinge, Plaut. ; Virg. B) Melon. 1) In Me- 
chanics, pi ur.: Beams let into one another so as to 
be turned; sing.: The point or teuton of a 
beam to be mortised or inserted into another, Vitr. 
2) In Asiron.: A point, pole, c. coeli, i, e. the 
north pole, Varr. ; hence, a line drawn through a 
place from south to north, Plin. ; the four cardinal 
poiiits, quatuor c. raundi, Quint. ; of the earth, as the 
centre of the universe, Plin.; c. anni, the summer 
solstice. Id. Poet. ; c, extremus, extreme old age, 

Luc. n. Fig. : That round which any thing 

tnrns, i.e. the principal matter, chief point, 
ubi litium c. vcrtatur, Quint. ; tanto cardine rerum, 
in the most decisive mojnent (in artieulo), Virg, 

CARDtJELIS, is, /. (carduue). d thistle- 
finch, Plin. 

CARDuUS, i, m. A thistle, c. candicans (Fam. 
SynanlherecE), Virg. 

CaRE, adv. At a high price, dearly. \. 
Prop. : avea c. veneimt, Varr. Compar., Suet. 

Superl., Sen. IL Fig. : Dearly, highly. qu8B 

a te propter amorem cai'ius sunt asetimnta, Plane, 
ap. Cic- 

CARECTUM, T, 71. (carex). A place where sedge 
grows, a bed of sedge, Virg. 

CJIREO, 111, itiim [pras. siibj. carint /or careant, 
Plaut.]. To be free, empty, deprived of any 
thing, not to have, or to be without any thing ; 
with abl. Poet, with gen. and acr. 1. Gen. : plane 
febri c, Cic. ; thns, c. morbis, rtolore, male, Id. ; c. 
Romfi, to be distant or remote from. Id. ; e. movte, 

tn be immortal, Hor. II. Esp. A) Subjectively: 

To keep one's self from any thing, not to 
avail one's self of c. temeto, Cic. ap. Non.; 
especially, to keep at a distance from any placf^ not to 


I go there, c. foro, Benatu, publico. Cic. — B) 1) To 
be deprived of any possession, to want, to 

■miss any thing, 7iot to have, c. conauetudine 

1 amicorum, Cic. ; c. libertate. Hor. ; sensu et vita c, 
to be deprived of feeling and life, Cic. With gen. : 

j tui carenduin est, we must be without thee, Ter. ; c. 

1 ace, Plaut.; Turp. 2) Subjectively: To feel the ^ 

! absence of any thing, to miss it, Cic. 
CARES, um. See Caji. 

' CaReUM, i, 'Jt. (Kapoi'). Caraway (Fam. Um- 

' helliftrce), Plin. 

! CaREX, icie, /. Sedge, sheer -grass, c. are- 
naria (Fam. Cyperacea), Virg. 

I CaRJA, £6, /. (Kapi'a). Garia, a province of 

I Asia Minor, south uf Lydia, Plin. 

I CaRICA, «e (sc. ticuH). A Icind of dried fig, 

j ficus^c, Cic. ; Ov. 

CaRiCUS, a, um. Of Caria, Carian, Plin. 

I CXRIES, em, e (the oblique cases are not found). 

.Rottenness, movldiness, decay, of wood or 
timber, Plin. ; of a bone, Cels. ; the fiat taste of vapid 

I wine, Plin.; of old fruit. Mart. 

! Carina, ■^., /. I. The keel of a skip, CseH,; 

' Liv. II. Meton. A) Gen.:. A ship or vessel, 

Virg. ; Hor. B) Of things of a similar shape, e. g. 

' nut-shell.'!, Plin. 

I CaRiN/E, arum, /. (carina). A valley and street 

; of Rome, between the Ccelian and Esguilian Hills, 
with many magnificent edifices, Cic. ; Hor, 

I CaRiNaRiUS, ii, m. (xapo?, K-f)p6^, cerus, wax). 
One who dyes in wax-yellow colors, Plaut. 

I CXRiNaTUS, a, um (carina). In the shape 
of a keej, c. concha acatii, Plin. 

' CaRIo^^US, a, um (caries). I. Rotten, cor- 
rupt, decayed, w orm-eaten, c. vitis partes, 
Plin. ; c. OS, Cels. ; c. vina, i. e. mild, of mild flavor. 

Mart. II. Fig. : c. senectus, Ov. 

CaRIS, idis,/. (Ko-pU). A kind of lobster, Ov. 

CaRiTAS, atis, /. (earus). I. Prop. A) Dear- 

n CSS, high price or v altie of a thing, c. an- 

nonte, Cic. B) Esp. for c. annonm : Scarcity of 

food, dearth, annus in summa cantata ftierit, 
Cic. II. Fig. A) Esteem, value, high esti- 
mation, affection, love, c. quas est inter natoa 
et p<irentes, Cic. ; nulla c. in vita tyrannorum, Id. 
Wiili gen. obi. : c. patrite et suorum, Id. ; c. ipsius 
soli, Liv. ft'ith gen. subj.: caritatem civium et 

gloriam concupere, Cic. B) Mcion. in the plur., 

concr. : Beloved person s, omnes omnium cari- 

' tates patria una complesa est, Cic. 

CARMeLUS, i, 771. (Heb. "^pip). Carmel, a 

mountain in Pkcenicia,now Karmel, Tac. 

CARMEN [an old form, casmen], inis, n. A 
song, lay. verse. I. Gen.: carmina, qufe apud 
i Homerum in procorum epulis canuntur, Cic. ; fe- 
'. rali carmine, Virg. Pott. .- concitare undas in car- 
mina, to produce rippling sounds, Claud. II. 

Esp. A) A poem, composition in verse, poet- 
ry, carminum auctores, Cic ; condere c. Id.; tra- 
gicum, jEolium c, Hor.; c. famosum, malum, a 
calumniatory poem, libel, Hor. ; it is seldom used for 
epic or lyric poems, except with an adjective, or when 
the sense is understood from the context, Quint. ; but 
sometimes it denotes of itself lyric poetry or verse, opp. 
iambi and elegi, Hor. A poetical inscription on 
monuments, \. e. an inscription in vpr.<!e, Ov.; Virg. 
— B) Any formulary or set form, e.s. of a 
law (hecanse laws used to be written in rcrsr'). jiirare 

cogebatur (miles) diro quodam carmine, a formula 
of execration, Liv. ; Cic. — C) A prophecy, an 
oracle, Ov. ; Virg. ; Tac. D) An incanta- 
tion, Ov. ; Tac. 

CARMENTaLIA. lura, n. I. The feast of 
Carment Is, celebrated on the eleventh of Jamianj, 
Ov. II. The feast of the Carmentea, cele- 
brated on the fifteenth of January, Ov. 

CARMENTaLIS. Of or belonging to Gar- 
ment is, C. Flnmen, Cic. ; C. porta, near the tem- 
ple of Carmentis, Liv, 

CARMENTIS, is./, (carmen : aprophetess). Car- 
mentis, the mother of Evandtr, to whom divi7ie 
honors were paid, Ov. . 

CARNA, ae, /. A tutelary goddess of door-kinges 
and children that are yet in the cradle, formerly c&iled 
Crane, Ov. 

CARNaRIUM, ii, n. (camaiiua). I. An instru- 
ment furnished with hooks to hang meat 
upon. Col. 11. A meat-house, store- 
house, larder, Plin. 

CARNaRIUS, ii, m. (care). One who is fond 
of meat, Mart. 

CARNESDES, is, m. (KapveaSijs). Carneades, 
a philosopher of Cyrene, disciple of Diogenes and 
founder of the new Academy, Cic. 

CARNeXDeUS or-iUS, a, urn. Of or belong- 
ing to Carneades, C. aententia, Cic. 

CARNI, orum, m. Carni, a people in the 
mountains of Upper Italy, east of Aquileia, Plin. 

CARNICUS, a,um. Of or belonging to the 
Carni, C. Alpes, Plin. 

CARNtFEX, icis, m. (caro, facio). I. A hang- 
man, executioner, Cic; Quint. A term of re- 
proach: Scoundrel, rascal, Cic; Liv. Poet. 

adj.: Murderous, killing. Mart. II. Fig.: 

A murderer, assassin, fortuna gloriee carnifex, 

CARNlFlCiNA, ffl,/. (carnifex). L The office 

of a carnifex or hangman, Plaut II, A) 

The place in which criminals were tor- 
tured, Liv. — B) Melon.: Torture, torment, 
carnificinnm subire, to suffer the torture, Cic. 

CARNlFiCO, 1 V. a. (carnifex). To butcher, 
mangle, cut up, c. jacentes, Liv. 

CARNiVORUS, a, urn (caro, voro). That de- 
vours meat or flesh, carnivorous, Plin. 

CARNoSUS, a, um (caro). L Rich in flesh, 
flashy, corpulent, Plin. II. Flesh-col- 
ored, Plin. 

CARNtJS, untie,/. Camus, theprincipal town 
of the Cnrm, Veil. 

CARNuTES, um, m. (Kapvavroi). Carnutes, 
a Gallic tribe on both sides of the Liger, whose prin- 
cipal town was Autricum, now Chartres, Ceea. 

CiRO, ui, 3 V. a. (icipui, Kelpio'). To card (wool, 
&c.), Plaut. 

CXRO, carnis [nom. carnia, L, Andr. ap. Prise. : 
abl. carni, Plaut.] (/cpeaj, Sanscr. kravya, flesh). 
I. A) Flesh (animal), Cic. ; Cajs. Of fruit, Plin. ; 
in trees, the part of the wood which is next the bark. 

Id. B) Meton. fff precious stones : The softer 

part, Plin. II. Fig., of style : Softness, car- 
nis tamen plus habet iEsclunes minus lacertorum. 

CARPXTHtUS. a, um (KaptraQioi). Carpa- 
thian, C. mare, the sea between Crete and Rhodes, 
$0 called from Carpathus, Hor. ; C. vatefl; i. e. Pro- 
Utng, jpho dwelt here, Ov. 


CARPaTHUS or -OS, i,/ (lUpiraBo^). Carpa- 
thus, an inland in the Mgean. Sea, between Cr^ 
and Rhodes, 7i.ow Scarpanto, Plin. ; Mel. 

CARPENTaRIUS, a, um (carpentura). Of or 
belonging to a wagon or chariot, u. fabri- 
cs, Plin, 

CARPENTUM, i, n, (akin to carnis). A car- 
riage or chariot with two wheels, especially 
Used by ladies at festivals, Liv, 

CARPI, orum, m. Carpi, a people on the Dan- 
ube, in Dacia, Eutr. 

CARPiNfeUS, a, um (carpinus). Made of horn- 
beam, Plin. 

CARPINUS, i, /. (akin to acer). Hornbeam, 
the yoke- elm (C. duinensis, Fam. Capulifer<L), Co\. 

CARPO, psi, ptum, 3 (related to Kdptj)u, apird^ta). 
To pluck, pluck off crop, gather, to browse, 
graze. I. Prop. A) Gen.: c nores ab arbore, Ov. ; 
alia (animalia) sugunt, alia carpunt, Cic, Poet. : 
for to tear-off, pluck out, c. Betas inter cornua, Virg. ; 
c pensum, i. e. to spin, Ilor. ; c. furtim coronas ex 
collo, to pull off, Id. ; c crinem genasque, to tear to 
pieces, Val. Flac— -B) Esp. 1) To divide into 
separate parts, separate, c exercitum in mul- 
tas parvasque partes, Liv. ; c. fluvium, to lead into 
single canals. Curt. 2) In Milit. : To weaken, 
tire out, or harass the enemy by repeated attacks, 
c. agmen adversariorum, Cms. ; Liv. 3) Poet. : c 
viam, iter, terram, mare, &.C., to go, enter npon, or 
proceed along a path, way, on land, to navigate a 
sea, &c ; Ov. ; Virg. ; Hor. ; c. prata fugil, Virg. ; 

c. supremum iter, i. e. to die, Hor. —II. Fig. A) 

Gen.: To pluck, i. e. to enjoy, ut omnes undi- 
que flosculos carpam, Cic. Poel. : c. oscula, to 
pluck from the mouth, as it were, to bereave, take by 
force, rob of Ov. ; Prop. ; e. breve ver, to enjoy, 
Ov. ; thus, c, diem, Hor.; c. vitales auraa, i. e. to 
live,W\vg. — B) Esp. 1) To divide into pieces, 
to dismember, cut up, swpe carpenda membiia 
minutioribua oratio est, Cic 2) To diminish or 
weaken gradually, wear away, consume, 
destroy, ruin, c. vires, Liv.; regina (Dido) cm- 
CO carpitur igni, Virg, 3) To carp at, calum- 
niate, to slander, non illo inimico, sed hoc mal- 
edico dente carpunt, Cic. ; c. absentt- m imperato- 
rem, Liv. ; absentem Novium quum carperet, Hor 

CAKPTIM, ado. (carptua). I. By parts or por- 
tions, with choice, c. perscribere res gestas. 

Sail. II. On different or various sides, 

c. aggredi hoatem, Liv. III. Of that which doe» 

not happen or is not done at once, i. e. not togeth- 
er, singly, in parts, separately, by degrees.^ 
seu c. partes, seu universi mallent, Liv. ; corvi c. 
vocem resorbent, singly, Plin. 

CARPTOR, oris, m. (carpo). A carver (at ta- 
ble), Juv. 

CARPTuRA, ffi,/. (carpo). A sucking of flow- 
ers (said of bees), Varr. 

CARPTUS, a, um, part, of carpo. 

CARRuCA, KB,/ A kind of four-wheeled 
travelling-carriage, Plin.; Suet. 

CARRUM, i, n. Another form for carrua, Auct. 
B. Hisp. 

CARRUS, i, m. (Oerm. k a r r e n ; akin to curro, 
Sa?iscr. char, to go). A cart with four wheels^ 
a wagon. Caes. ; Liv. 

CARSEOLaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging 
to Carseoli, Col. Subst., Carseolani, orum, m., 
The inhabitants of Carseoli, PUn, 


CARSEOLI, Oinxto, m. Carseoli, a toton of the 
JEguiin Lallum, now Carsoli, Liv. ; Ov. 

CARTEIA, iB.f. Carteia. 1. A town of Hispa- 
nia BeBtica, now San Rogue, Mel. 2. A town of 
Hispania Tarrnconensis, noio Orgaz, Liv. 

CARTEIaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Carteia (in Hispania Bmtica), Plin. 
CARTEIENSIS, e.for Carteianus. Auct. B. Hisp. 
CARTH^A, 83,/. (Kapflata). Cart ha a, a 
town of Ceos, Plin. 

CAKTH^US, a, um. Of Cart lima, Ov. 
CARTHIGiNlEKSIS, e (Carthago). I. Of or 
belonging to Carthage, Liv. Snbst.: A Car- 
thaginian, Liv. IL Of or belonging to 

New Carthage, Pliu. 

CARTHaGO (Karth.), iois (Kapx>jSciii'). L A) 
Carthag e, a celebrated city in the north of Africa, 
the ruins of which form a part of the modLrn Tunis. 

B) Also^ C. nova, New Carthage, a colojiy of 

the Carthaginians, in Hispania Tarraconensis, now 

Cartagena, Liv.; Plin. IL hi Mythology, 

the daughter of the fourth Hercules^ Cic. 
CARTHeIUS, a, um. Of Carthea, Ov. 
CARTiLaGINeUS, a, um (cartilago). Carti- 
laginous, Plin. 

CARTiLaGiNoSUS, a, um (cartilago). Full 
of gristle, cartilag inous, Cela. 

CARTiLaGO, inis, /. Gristle, cartilage, 
Cels. Ju plants, Plin. 

CARUNCOLA, ee, /. dim. (caro). A small 
piece of flesh or meat, Cic. 

CaRUS, a, um (aki7i to Sanscr. ijraiyaa, Greek 
\apLGK). I. Dear, of high price or value, c. 

annona, Plant. ; Cic. ILi^;^.; Worthy, dear, 

esteemed, loved, carum ipsum verbum est amo- 
ris, Cic. ; frater carissimus atque amantissimus, Id. 
Subst., cari, Those that are dear to one, Plant. 
CARVENTaNA ARX. The citadel of the town 
Carvejitum, in Latium, Liv. 

ClRt^JE, arum,/. (Kapuat). Carym, a place of 
Laconia, with a temple of Diana, Vitr. Its inhabit- 
ants, Caryates, iura, m. 

CaRyaTIDES (Caryaa). The Young Virgins 
serving in the temple of Diana, a painting by Prax- 
iteles, Plin. In Archit. : Female figures used for 
sjipporters in buildings, &c., Caryatides, Vitr. 

CaRyiNUS, a, um ((capulVoff). Prepared from 
nut's, c. oleum, Plin. 

CXRyON, i, K. {xdovov). A kind of walnut, 

CIRyoTA, eb [caryotis, idis. Mart.],/. (Kapuuri?). 
A kind of date, Plin. 

CSRYSTeUS, a, um. Of Carystos, Ov. 
CaRYSTIUS, a, um. Of Carystos, Plin. 
CARYSTOS, i,/ (Kapvo-ros). Carystos. I. A 
town on the south coast of Enbcca, celebrated for its 
marble, Plin. 2. A toiim of Liguria, Liv, 

CISA, as,/, (conf. Arab, kazah; Iccl. bus; 
Tent. bus). L A hut, cottage, cabin, A:c., 
Cie. ; Cffls. ; garden-hoitse, Cic. II. A coun- 
try seat. Mart. 

CASCA, IB, m. Cascttj a Roman surname of the 
gens Servilia, Cic. 

CASCUS, a, um. Old, very old, Enn. np. Var- 
ron. ; Aus. 

CaS£OLUS, i, m. dim. (caaeuB). A little 
Qheese, Virg. 

CaS£US, i, m. [caseum, i, n. Cat.]. Cheese, a 
r-hcc8p, Cic. ; Virg. 

CaSIA or CASSIA, m,f (Kaa-Ca or Ktura-ia.). I. 
A kind of aromatic shrub resembling cinnamon 
(Fam. LeguminosiE), Virg.; Plin. II. An odor- 
iferous shrub, otherwise called cneoron or thy- 
melaea, V|rg. ; Plin. 

CXSfLiNiTES, ium, m. The inhabitants 
of Casili n n m, Val. Max. 

CXSILWENSES, ium, m. I. g. Casilinatea, Cic. 
ClSILlNUM, 1,71. Casilinum, atown of Cam- 
pania, 7iow Nova Capua, Cic; Liv. 

CaSiLiNUS, a, um. Casilinian, C. limina, 
i. e. the gates of Casilinum, Sil. 

ClSlN A, ib, /. The name of a comedy ofPlautus, 
so Called after the heroine of the piece. 

CaSiNAS, ati3. Of or belonging to C^iai- 
num, C. ager, Cic. Absol.: in Casinate, in the ter- 
ritory of Casinvm, Plin. 

CaSiUS MONS (Katrioi/ opos). I. A ridge of 
mountains on the coast of Syria, south of Avtioch, 

now Jebel Okrak. II. A mountain on tJie 

coast of Egypt, east of Pelusium, with a temple of 
Jnpita- on its summit. Here, also, was the grave of 
Pompey, Plin. Hence, adj., Casiae rupes, Luc. ; and 
Casius Juppiter, Plin. 

CASPeRiA. eb,/. Casperia, a town of the So,- 
bines, VOID Aspra, Virg. 

CASPiUM MARE {Greek Koottiov HeXa-yoe). 
The Caspian Sea, Plin.; Curt. 

CASPiUS, a, um. Of or belonging to the 
Caspian Sea, C sinus, Mel.; C- mona, a part of 
Mount Taurus, Id. ; C. portai, the defiles or narrow 
passes of Mount Taurus, Plin.; Suet; C. via, the 
same, Tac. 

CASSANDER, dri, m. {Kaa-a-avSpo^). Cassan- 
der, son of Antipater, king of Macedonia after tkt 
death of Al<:zander the Great, 

CASSANDRA, £b,/. (KaacravSpa). Cassandra, 
daughter of Priam and Hecuba, Virg. 

CASSANDReA, 86,/. Cassandrea, a city on 
the isthmus of the peninsula of Pallene, found^ by 
and named after Cassander, on tlie site of the earlier 
Potidaa, Liv. 

CASSE, adv. (cassus). . Vainly, to no pur- 
pose, c. tempua terere, Liv. 

CASSES, ium (^sing. Ov. ; Grat.) m. {akin to ca- 
tena). L A hunter's net, toil, \iTg.; ,a cob- 
web. Id. II. Fig.: A snare, trap, Tibull.; 


CASSIaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to a 
Cassius, C. bellum, i. e. of the consul L. CaBsiufl, 

CASSiOPE, es (Cassiopea, se, Manil.),/. (Koito-l- 
6inj or Kaa-a-LOTTeia.). Cassiope, Oie mother of An- 
dromeda, who was dianged into a constellation, Ov. 
CASSIS, idis [another form for cassida, ee, Virg. ; 
Prop.], /. (art Etruscan word). I. A helmet {of 
metal ; galea was made of leather], Cass. ; Tac. ; Ov. 

-II. Melon.: War, sub casside, Plin, 

CASSIS, is. A net. See Casses. 
CASSlTf:RiDES, um, /. {Kaa-irinpCSei). . The 
Cas sitcrides or Tin Inlands, now the Scilly 
Islands and western extremity of Cornwall^ Plin. 
CASSIUS, a. A Roman family namei thus, L. 
Cassius, a cons>tl beaten and slain in battle by the 
Helvetians, A.U.C. 647, Ctes.; C. Cassius, the assas- 
sin ofCtesar, Cic. and chewhere ; C. Cass. Longinus, 
a celebrated jurist under the Emperor Tiberius, Dig. 
CASSUS, a, um (=quas8us, from quatio). Etap- 
f'j, void. LPrnp. A)c.iiux,Ao/?ow,Hor. — E) Jfsp. 

Pott. ViUkgen. or ahl. : deprived or bereft of an 
object, cochlea c. sanguine, bloodless, poet. ap. Cic. ; 
corpus c. luinine, w/(Am«( liffkl, Lucr. ; also, bereft 
of life, dead, Virg. ; virgo c. dote, without a portion, 
Plaut. II. Fiff.: Empty, void, vain, friv- 
olous^ futile, c. votH, Virg.; c.lnhores, vain, fruit- 
less, Plin. Adverb. : in cassum, also written as one 
word, incABSMin, vainly, without result, incaa- 
sum jacCnre tela, Liv. ; longos ciere inc. fletus, Virg. 

CASTALIA, SB, /. (Kaa-TaKta). Castalia, a 
fountain on Mount Parnassus, sacred to Apollo and 
the Munes, Virg. ; Hor. 

CASTXLIS, idis, /. I. q. Castalius ; C. utida, 
Mart. ; C. eorores, the Muses, Id. ; absoL, Castalides, 
the same. Id. 

CASTALfUS, n, urn. Of or belonging to 
the fountain C as t ali a, C ions, 'PYm,; C. um- 
bra, the cavern of the oracle at Delphi, Ov. 

CASTXNeA, IB,/. iKa.<rTavov). I. A chestnut- 

tree, Plin.; Col. II. A chestnut, Plin.; 


CASTE, adv. (castas). Purely, spotlessly, 

honestly, I. Gen.: c. vivere, Oic. II. Esp. 

A) Purely, chastely, c. tueri eloquentiam, Cic. 

B) Piously, holihj, sacredly, c. tribuere 

deorum numini, Cic. ; c. adire ad deos, Cic. 

CASTELLaNUS, a, uni (caetellum). Of or be- 
longing to a castle, c. \.r\um\>h\, f<rr the capture 
of a castle or fortress, Cic. Subst., castellani, orum, 
m.. The inhabitants of a castle^ soldiers 
in garrison. Sail. 

CASTELLaTIM, adv. (castellum). I. Castle- 
wise, castle by castle, c. dissipati, in various 
strong-holds, lAv. II. Gei}.: By heaps, Plin. 

CASTELLUM, i, n. dim. (castrum). I. A) Any 
fortified place, a fort, fortress, citadel, 

castle, Caes.; Cic. B) Mcton.: A reservoir 

for water belonging to an aqueduct, Frontin. ; Plin. 

II. Fig.: A strong-hold, place of ref- 

ugty Cic. 

CASTiGaTIO, 6ni8, /. (castigo). I. Bntan. : A 

pruning, lopping, Plin. II. Severe 

treatment, chastisement, reprimand, pun- 
ishmen t, Cic. ; Liv 

CASTiGaTOR, oris.m. (castigo). A chastiser, 
reprover, corrector, c. censorque minorum, 

CASTiGaToRiUS, a, um (castigator). Of or 
belonging to a chastiser or reprover, c. 
solatium, reproving, reproaching, Plin. 

CASTiGaTUS, a, um. I. Part. 0/ castigo. ;- 

II. Adj. A) Scanty, confined, i. e- small in 
body, c. pectus, Ov. ; c. irons, Stat. 

CASTiGO, 1 V. a. (castiim, ago). I. To keep 
in check, to bridle, tame, confine, restrain. 
A) Prop. 1) equum frenis asperioribus casti^an- 
dum ease, lav. 2) Metou. poet.: To confine, 
with respect to place, insula castigatur aquis, Sil. ; c. 
examen in trutina, i. e. to correct or rectify a sentence 
or judgment, Pers. — B) Fig.: caetigatus animi 

dolor, Cic. II. A) To chastise, correct, 

punish, whether by word or deed, pueros matres 
et magistri c. aolent, Cic. ; c. nimiam lehitatem, 

Liv,; c. moras, Virg B) Melon.: To correct 

any thing faulty, to amend, c. carmen, Hor.; c. 
vitia sua. Plin. 

CASTIMoNtA, BB. /. (castas). L Purity, espe- 
cially chastity, as required for ajgiciatiiig in re- 
ligious matters, quaa sacra per suramam castimoni- 


am fiant, Cic. ; decem dieram c, Liv. II. Oen. : 

Purity (if man ners, morality, Cic. 

CASTiTAS, atis, /. (castas). I, Chastity, 
chasteness, innocence, mater fait rar* casti- 

tatia, 'J'ac. II. Gen.: Purity of manners, 

morality, uprightness, Vitr. ; Gell. 

CASTOR, oris, m. (xao-Two). A beaver, i. q. 
fiber, Plin. 

(jASTOR, 6ria, m. (Katrrojp). Castor, tte son 
of Tyitdareus and Ceda, the brother of Helena and 
Pollux, Hor.; Ov. 

CAST6ReUM, ei, n. (castor). Castor, a liquid 
substance, of a strong smell, obtained from the beaver, 
Plin. ; Virg. 

CASTRA. orum. See Castrum. 

CASTRATfO, onis,/ (castro). A castrating 
of animals. Col.; a pruning or lopping 0/ 
plants, Plin. 

CASTRaTuRA, SB,/, (castro). L A castra- 
ting of animals, Pall. II. A pruning or 

lopping of plants, Plin. 

CASTRENSIS, e (castra). Of or belonging 
to the camp, c. ratio et militaris, Cic; c. corona, 
presented to him who first entered the enemy's camp, 
GeJl. ; c. verbum, a military expression, Plin. 

CASTRO, 1 V. a. {akin to cffido). To cut off, 
curtail. 1. Prop. A) Geii. : c. caudas catulorum, 
Col. ; c. alvos apum, to take out the honey, Id.- — ■ 
B) Esp. 1) To castrate, geld, Plin. 2) Of 

plants: To prune, lop, Plin. II. Fig.: To 

lessen, weaken, diminish, c. vires, Plin. 

CASTRUM, i, n. (akin to casa,-a covered building 
or enclosure). I. Inthe sing.: A castle, strong' 
hold, fortress, for caatellum, Nep. ; usually as a 
proper name: Castrum Truentinum, a place in Pi- 
cenum ; Castrum Novum, a Roman colony in Etru- 
ria, Liv. II. In the plur. 1) A camp, en- 
campment, c. iBStiva, summer-quarters. Suet.; c. 
hiberna, winter-quarters, Liv.; c. navalia, a siaiion 
fur ships, a naval station, Cees. ; Liv.; c. puncre, 
munire, Cebs. ; c. movere, to break up camp, Ci+iS. 
2) Fig.: A philosophical sect, Epicuri castra, Cic. 

B) Meton. 1) (Since the Romans pitched a camp 

after each day's march; Itence) A day's march, se- 
cundis castiis pervenit ad Dium, in two days' march, 
Liv, 2) Military service, magnum in castria 
usum habuit, CiBS. 3) As proper names: Castra 
Cornelia, a place between Utica and Carthage; Cas- 
tra Hannibalis, a place in Bruitinm, 8lc. 

CASTOLO, onis,/. (KaorouAwv). Castulo, a 
town of the Oretani, on the Bcetis, near the confines 
of BtEiica, now Cazlona, Liv. 

CASTUS, a,um (akin to Germ, keusch). Moral- 
ly pure, spotless, uncontaminated, unpol- 
luted. I. A) Gen. : quis hoc adolescente castior? 
Cic. ; c. fides, inviolable, Sil. ; c. signa, marks of in- 
nocence, Ov. B) Of style: Free from barbar- 
isms, pure, C. Cfesar sermonis cjtstissimi, Gell. 
II. Esp. A) Chaste, continent, inno- 
cent, v irt nous, c. matres, Virg. ; c. Minerva, Hor. 
Poet, of inanimate objects: c. cubile, CatuU. ; c. do* 
mus, Hor. — B) Pious, religious, holy, so- 
cred, casti nepotes, Virg. ; c. sacerdotes, Id.; c. 
luci, Hor. 

CXSOLA, IB, f. dim. (casa). A little hut, a 
small house, Plin.; Juv. 

Casus, us, m. (cado). A falling, falling 
down, a fall. I. Prop. : c. nivis, Liv.; cclsffi tur- 

resdecidimt Hor. II. Fig. A) Of time: Ter- 



mination, e7irf, extremas sub casumhicmia, Virg, 

B) A morn! failure; a slip, fall, fault, 

Cic. C) 1) That which occur^ or comes to pans ; 

an accident, hap, occurrence {ustial both in 
the sing, and plur.), aririfi contra casus et eventus, 
Cic; c. bumani. Id.; ad novos c. Adverb., casu, 
Accidentally, by chance, sive casu sive con- 
silio deorum, Cic. 2) Esp. a) An unfortmiate 
accident, a mishap, civitetis caaiim dolere, 
Sail. Euphemistically for death, Caea. ; Suet b) A 
fortunate or happy event, a favorable op- 
portunity, c. prtBclari lacinoris, Sail.; c. bene 
gerendae rei, Tac. — D) In Gramm.: A case, c. 
rectus, Cic. ; Quint. ; c. obliqui, Quint. 

CaTIBATHMOS, i, m. (Kara^ae/io?)- Cata- 
batkmus, a mountain and sea-port of Libya, on the 
frontiers nf Egypt, Sail. 

CATSCeCAUMeNK, es, / (KaraieeKau/Ae'io), burn- 
ed, parched). Catacecaumene, a district of Lyd- 
ia, where the vine was cultivated with great success, 

sc. olfo?). Wi n e fr o m Ca tacecanmene, Plin, 

CiTXGRiPHUS, a, urn (KaTaypatfto?). Paint- 
ed, colored, variegated, Catull, Subst., cata- 
graplia, orum, ti., Profiles, Plin. 

CATiCNA, aj, /. Catana, a city in Sicily, at the 
foot of Mount Mtna. now Catan ia, Cic, ; Plin. 

CSTXQNiA. tB, /. (Karaovta). Cataonia, a 
district in the southeastern part of Cappadocio, Plin. 

ClTAPHRACTA,a?,m.(KaTa^paicT^). A breast- 
plate or cuirass, Tac. 

CITaPHRACTUS, a, um (Kard^paKTo^). Th at 
toears a breast-plate or c?(zriss, Liv. ; Prop. 

CSTXPULTA, EB, /. {Ka.Ta-wiKTq<i). A cata- 
pult a, a military engine for discharging arrows, 
lances, &c., Vitr. ; Veg. 

CXTXRACTA (catarrhactft), 83, /., and CATAR- 
RACTES, ttj, m. (KOLTappdKTTji or KCLTapdKrr]^). I. 
A water-fall, esp. that of the Nile, Plin.; Sen. 

U. Milit.: A portcullis, Li?.; Veg. 

III. A flood'gate, a sluice in a river, Plin. 

CXTASTA, He,/. (KaTdtrratj-is)- -^ stage, Cage, 
or St a II, on or in which slaves were exposed ffir sale, 
Plin.; Suet. 

GATE, adv. (catus). Carefully, prudently, 
cau tio 71 sly, Plaut. ; Cic. 

CiTEIA, se,f(a Gallic word). A kind of jave- 
lin or lance, Virg. 

CXTELLA, se, /. rfim. (catula). A little dog, 

CJCTELLA, ffl,/ dim. (catena). A small chain, 
Liv. ; Hor. 

CXTELLUS, i, m. dim. (catulus). A little dog, 
a whelp. Cic. ' 

CiTELLUS, i, m. dim. (catena). A small 
chain, Plaut. 

CXTeNA, bb, /. iSan.icr. kit, to bind). I. A 
wooden bracket, brace, &c., for holding two 

beams together, Cat; Vitr. 11. A) A chain; 

used as a fetter, n fetter, shackle, &c. ; usually in 
the plur. ! catenas injicere alcui, Cic. ; in catenas 
conjicerealqm, C8B8.; Liv. Meton. poet.: A chain, 
i. e. a series of objects or events connected with each 
other, Lucr. ; Gell. — B) Fig.: A boundary, con- 
strain t, fetter, Cic; Quint 

CATeNaRIUS, n, um (catena). Of or belong- 
ing to a chain, ceania, adog fastened by a chain, 



CITBNaTIO, 5nis,/. A binding by chaina 
or other bands ; hence, a bracket, brace, clinch- 
er, Vitr 

CaTeNaTUS, a, um (catena). I. Furnished 
or bo mid with a chain, fettered, in chaiiis, 

Hor.; Quint. 11. Connecied,aitifbyachain, 

e. g. of a verse, versus ex pluribus eyllabia catenati, 
Quint. ; c. laboree, uninterrupted. Mart 

CATeNO, are, v. a. (catena). To chain to- 
gether, to bind with chains. Col. 

CiTERVA, 6b. /. {akin to turba, turma). Any 
great number of men in company, a troop, crowd. 
I. Gen. : cum magna c. venit, Cic. ; vagari magud 
cum c. Id. Of animals: c. avium, Virg. Ofihij/gs: 

c. verborum, Gell. II. Esp. A) In Milit. : A 

division of an army, troop, battalion, espe- 
cially of barbarians, but legionts of Roman soldiers, 
Tac; Hor. B) A company of actors, PlauL 

CXTERVaRIUS, a, um (catervn). Of or be- 
longing to a troop, c. pugiles, tftat Jigkt in 
crowds or bands. Suet. 

CXTERVaTIM, adv. (caterva). In crowds, in 
troops. Sail.; Liv. 

CATHEDRA, ae, /. (Kofle'SpaV L A raised 
seal, a seat with cushions ana a back, especially 
used by women, Hor. ; a sedan chair, Juv. ; a pro- 
fessor's chair, Id. n. Muon. A) c. molles, ef- 
feminate 7Dom£7i, Juv. 

CATiLiNA, ge, m., L. Sergiua. Catiline, a 
contemporai-y of Cicero, notorious as the leader of a 

CiTiLlNARiUS.a,um. Of or belonging to 
Catiline, Catilinarian, C. seminarium, Cic. ; 
C. bellum. Quint. 

CITILLO, are, v. a. (catillus). To lick the 
dishes, feed greedily, Plaut. 

CXTILLO, onis, m, (one who licks dishes; hence, 
in general), A glutton, gourmand, Lucil. 

CATILLUS, i, m. (catinus). I. A small dish 

or porringer. Col- II. Meton., of things in 

the shape of a small dish or plate : The ornament 
of a scabbaj'd, Plin. 

CaTILLUS (Catilus, Hor.; Catillus. Stat), i, n. 
Catillus, brother of Tiburtus, one of the founders 
of Tibnr. Virg. 

CATfNA. See Catana. 

CATiNUS, i, m. ((caTai/os). A disk, platter; 
also, a sauce-pan, pot, Varr.; Hor.; a cruci- 
ble, Plin.; a censer, SaeL 

CaTIUS. ii, m. Cati us. 1. An Epicurean phi- 
losopher. Cic. 2. A fictitious name, ap. Hor. 

CATO, onis, m. (catus, wise}. Cato, a cognomen 
of several celebrated men of the gens Porcia. Thus, 
1. M. Porcius Cato, with the cognomen Censurius or 
Censor. Cic. Brut, 2. M. Porcius Cato, the young- 
er, who killed himself after the battle of Phamalus, at 
Utica ; whence he was called Uticensia. 3. ValeriuG 
Cato, of Gaul, a grammarian and poet in the tme 
of Sulla. Catull. : Suet 

CXToNIaNUS, fl. um. Of cr belonging to 
Cato. C. familin, Cic. 

CATTI, orum. See Chatti. 

CATOLlNUS, a, um (catulus). Of or belong- 
ing to a little dog, c. caro, Plaut 

CATULLUS, 1, m.. C. Valerius C Catvllus. 

1. A celebrated Roman poet, born near Verona, 87 B,C. 

2. A mimographer in the time of Juvenal, Juv. 
CiTOLUS, i, m. dim. (canis). I. A young dog, 

Cic; Virg. U. Meton.: The young of other 

animals ; as, lions, tigers, toolvea, serpents, &c., Ov, ; 

CXTOLUS, i, in. A cognomen of the gens Lutatia, 

CXTOKIGES, um, m. Catariges, a Ligurian 
people, in Gallia Narbonensis, near ike Cnttiaa Alps. 

CXTUS, n, um (a word of Sabine origin for acu- 
tus; compare Sanscr. kath, to speak). I. Prop.: 

That has a clear sound, Enn. ap. Varr. . — 

II. Fig. A) In a good smse ; Clear-sighted, 
acnte, wise, Cic. — B) In a bad sense •' Cunning, 
crafty, sly, Plaut ; Hor. 

CITUS, i, m. (Karra). A tom-cat, ?6\\. Hence, 
Ital. gat to, Fr. chat. 

CAUCXSfUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Caucasus, Caucasian, C. rtiontes, Mel.; C. 
voluerea, Virg, 

CAUCASUd, i, m. (Kau'/eoo-os). Caucasus, a 
chain of high and rough mountains irt Asia, between 
the Puiitus Eitxiniis and Caspian, Sea, pliii. ; Cic. 

CAUCt, orura. See Chauci. 

CAUDA, tu, /. (akifi to cudo, to strike or lash ; 
Sanscr. chud, to sting). A tail, Cic; Plin. 
Prov. : caudam jactare, to shake the tail, to fawn 
vpon, to flatter, Peru. ; caudam trahere, to wear a 
fooVs-cap (J,it., to have a tail stuck on, as by boys in 
sport), to be laughed at, Hor. ; c. leonem facit, the 
lion is known by his tail, Q,uint. Hence, Ital. coda, 
Fr. queue. 

C AUDEX {same as codeK), ieis, m. I. Th e stem 
or trunk of a tree, a block, Pliu. ; Virg. ; Ov. 

As a term of reproach: Blockhead, Ter. 

II. Meton.: A raft, a boat. Sen. 

CAUDtCARiUS (cod,), a, um (caudex). Of or 
belonging to the stem of a tree, c. naves, made 
of the screen trunks of trees. Sail. ap. Non. 

CAUDlNUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Caudium, Furculaa C, Liv. ; C. proelium, Cic. 

CAUDIUM, ii, n. Caudium, a small town of 
Samnium, celebrated for the mountainous pass (Fur- 
culas Caudina?. or Candine Forks), where the Roman 
army was shut up by the Sam^i-ites and compelled to 
pass under the yoke, Cic. 

CAULjE, arum,/, {probably from cm]\e). A hol- 
low, opening, Lucr, ; a stall, Virg. 

CAULtCi3LtjJ3. i, 771. (caulis). I. A small stalk 

or stem of plants, Plin.; Cels. II. Meton., in 

Archil.: An ornament of columns, Vitr. 

CAULIS (col.), is, m. (icauAoy). A) A stalk or 

stem ofaplant, Plin.; Col. B) Esp.: The stalk 

of a cabbage; and hence, a cabbage, Cic; Hor. 

C AULON, onis. Another form for Caulonia, Ov. ; 

CAULoNIA, ffl, /. Caulonia, a town of the 
Bruttii, near the modern Castd Vetere, Liv. 

CAUNfeiE, arum, /. {sc. ficus). Figs from 
Caun 71 s, Cic. 

CAUNUS, i,f. (Kavvci). Caunus, a city on the 
coast of Caria, now Kaignes, celebrated for its 
dried figs, Plin. ; Cic. 

CAUPO, onis, m. {akin to /cainji^os, KarrTta, kolwt}). 
Aretailer; a publican, innkeeper, Cic; Hor. 

C AUPoNA, oi.f. (caupo). I. A hostess, aland- 

lady, App. II. A tavern, inn, public 

house, Cic: Hor". 

CAUPoNIUS, a, um (caupo). Of or relating 
to a tavern oi' eating-house, c. puer, awaitta; 

CAUPoNOR, ari, v. dg». (caupp). To huchsmr, 
Enn. ap. Cle. 

CAUP5N0LA, SB, /, dim. (caupona), A small 
inn or tavern. Cic. 

CAURUS or CoRUS.i.m. {Gaelic coirc, awhirl- 
wind, a gust). The northwest wind, Ctes. ; Sen. 
CAUriA (cauasa), ee, /. That through or on ac- 
count of which any thing happens or is done ; a 
cause, reason, motive, occasion. I. Gen. A) 
c pa est, quaa id efficit, cujus eat c, Cic. ; c. bello- 
rum. Id. ; causam rei invenire, Id. ; quid causEB est, 
cu r, quod, Sec, Id. — B) In abl. : c;msa, pr(^. {placed 
after the noun). On account of, for the sake 
of, volupttttum adipiscendarum c, Cic. ; ut hoc 
honoris raei c auscipias, Id. ; alienA potius c. qunm 

eu4. Quint.; exempli c {see Exemflum). II. 

Esp. A) III a pregnant sense, for justa c : Suffi- 
cient or good reason, j list cause, cum c ac- 
cedere ad accusandum, Cic. — B) A reason {whether 
true or not) for any unjust action; an excuse, 
pretext, subterfuge, tu C. Caisari cauaam belli 
contra patriam inferendi dediati, Cic. ; per causam 
supplementiequitatueque co^ei-idi, under the pretext, 

Citjs C) 1) In Law, A cause, matter, case, 

c. capitis aut famaj, Cic. ; causam suaclperc, agere, 
conetituere, declamitare, defendere, perorare, obti- 
nere, perdere : cauael cadere, to Jose one's suit {see 
Cado) ; cauaam dicere, to plead a cause. 2) Meton., 
out of a court of justice, a) A party, interest 
of a party, c. suarum partium. Quint. ; c C. Cse- 
saris melioi-, Id. b) An intimate connection or re- 
lationship, explicare, qua mihi site, cum Cajsa- 
re, Cic. c) In a still viort general sense : Circum- 
stance, situation, Regulus ernt in meliore c 
quam, &.C., Cic. d) A business, concern, cui 
aenatus dederat publice causam, ut mihi gratias 
ageret, had charged with the commission, Cic — - 
Dj In Rhet.: The topic of a discourse, Cic. 

CAUSa LIS, e (causa). I. Causal. II. In 

Gramm.: c. conjunctinnea, which show the reason 
of what has been premised. 

CAUSaRiUS, a, um (cauaa, II., E.). T. Sick, 
rather in disposed. Sea.; Plin. -II. In Mi- 
lit. : That has been dismissed on account of ill health, 
invalid, Liv. 

CAUSaTE, adv. (causa). With reason, Plin. 
CAUSIA, ffi,/. (/cavo-i'a). A high-crowned, felted, 
Macedonian hat, with a broad brim to sheUer from 
the hfat, Plnut. 

CAUSIDICUS, i, 771. (causa, dice). An advo- 
cate, pleader, Cic. 

CAUSlFfCOR. ari, v. n. (causa, facie). To pre- 
tend, to make pretexts or excuses, to allege, 
Plaut. ; App. 

CAUSOR (caussor), 1 v. dep. (causa). I. To 
carry on a suit at law, or a defeuce, to defend 
a cause, to plead, Vnc.aud Att. ap, Non. 2) Fig,: 
To discuss, dispute, debate, controvert, 
Lucr. II. To adduce any thing as a pre- 
text or excuse ; to all eg e, pretend, c. consensura 
patrura, Liv. ; c. valetudinem, Tac. 

CAUStJLA, EB,/. dim. A petty lawsuit, LyS- 
iaa parvarum rerum causulas scripsit, Cic. 

CAUTE, adv. (cautus). I. Act : Cautiously, 
pr u dently, c dicere, Cic; cautissime traetare 

aliquid, Id. II. Pass.; With security, with 

bail or warranty, Cic. 

C^AUTeRiUM, ii, n. {Kavrnpiov). I, A brand' 
ing -iron, an instrument used for branding, Plin. 

II. A caustic application, a cautery, Plin. 

CAUTES, ia, /. {Sanscr. Ic a t, to penetrate, to bore 

through). A crag, peaked TO ck, naves nihil 
eaxa (;t cautes timebant, Ca;8. ; c. durrt), Ov. ; Virg. 

CAUTIM, adv. (ciutus). Cautiously, Ter. 

CAUTfO, onis, /. (cavco). A guarding or 
taking care of 07ie' s self, cav tiov, cau- 
tiousiiess, prudence, providi/tce. I. Gen.: 
alter locus cautionis, ne. &c., Cic; adhibere cau- 
tionem rebus suis, Id. ; res habet multas cautioners, 
requires much caution, Id.; mea c. est, chat is my 

hu.-^iness, i. c. / shall have to look Vi l/iat. IJ. 

Esp. A) In Law: A written document in legal form, 
by which a security or guaranty is given ; a sec u- 
rity. bond, warranty, Cic. — B) A promise by 
word uf m' null ; a bail, security, Cic. 

CAUTOR, 6ii3, m. (caveo). I. One who is on 

his guard, a wary man. Plant. II. In 

Law: One who is surety or bail, Cic. 

CAUTUS, a. uin. I. Part, of caveo. II. Adj. 

A) 1) Legally secured, quo mulieri esset rea 
cautior, curnvit, that her property might be safer, 
Cic; c. numi, Hor. 2) Fig.: Safe, in earn par- 
tem pecc-jire, quai est cautior, Cic. B) 1) Guard- 
ing ont^s self, wary, cautious, provident, 
c. in periculia, Cic. ; c. in scribendo, Id. Of inani- 
mate objects : c- consilium, Cic. ; cautissima scnec- 
tu8. Tac. 2) In a bad sense: Cunning, sly, 
crafty, c. vulpes, Hor. 

CaVjEDiUM, ii, n. (also, cavura aedium, Varr. ; 
Vitr.). 7' he large apartment of a house, open 
in the centre (see Atrium), Plin. E. 

CXVaTOR, oris, m. On e who hollows or ex- 
cavates, c. arborem (aves), Plin. 

CaVj<:A, iB,f. (cavus). A hollow place, cavi- 
ty. I. Ge?(., Plin. II. E.sp. A) Any place where 

animals areki'pt; an enclosure, cage, bee-hive. 

Sec, Hor.; Cic; Virg. B) A fence made of 

thorns, &c., round young trees, Col. C) 1) The 

place in the theatre wkfre the spectators sat, Cic. ; 
Suet. 3) Melon.: A theatre, in general, Cic; 

CXVeaTUS, a, um (cavea). I. Surrounded 
with or shut up in a cage, Plin. II. Ar- 
ranged in the form o/ a cavea in the theatre, c. urbes, 

CXVeO, cavi, cautum, 2 (Savscr. kaiv, to revere, 
to respect), v. n. To be on one' s guard, or on 
the look- out for one's self or others. 1. Gm.: To 
be on one' s g unr d, to take care of on e' s 
self, to provide for, to beware: ab, ne. or icith 
a conjunct,, wl^h ut, with ace, hence aho in the pas- 
sive: ille Pompeium inonebat, ut a me ipso caveret, 
Cic : cnveret. ne iret, Id. ; cave existimes, Id. ; 
tertium est, ut caveamua. to lake care that. Id. ; ca- 
veant intemperantiam, Id.; c maculas, Hor. Pas- 
she: cetera cavebuntur, Cic. ; cuvendn etiam glo- 

rifcB cupiditas, Id. II. Esp. A) To provide fur, 

or siMle by a legal deed, will, or testament: to pro- 
vide, establish, institute, cautum est in Scipi- 
onis legibus, ne, &c., Cic; tes^tamento c, ut dies 

natalis egeretur. Id. B) Mn-canl/le l. t. I) c. ub 

alqo. To make auy one give a security or 
bail, to secure one'.-i self, Cic. '2) c. (alicui, 
dealquare), To give any one a secur ity, C\c. ; 

Ctes, ; Liv. C) In the. art of frncing, e ictus, or 

more.frp.quentbj, c. simply, to parry a blow, Quint. 

D) c. nk'Ui, to take rare of any one or any thing, 

to protect any body o) any thing against another, 

CiVERNA, ffi,/ (cavus). A hollow place in 


the earth, a cave, cavity, grotto, Cic; c. navi- 
um, the hold of a ship, Id. ; c arboria, a cleft, Gell, 
CaVERNCI.A, IB,/, dim. (cavyrna). A little 
cavity or hole, Plin. 

CaVILLA, ffi, /. (cavus, prop., vain, empty, or 
worthless talk; hence), A cavil, scoff, taunt, 
jeer ; a j ok e, jest, Plaut. 

CaVILLaITO, onis,/. (cavillor). I, A jeering, 
scoffing, cavilling, Cic: Liv, II, Soph- 
istry, c. ineptae, Quint ; c infelix verborura, Id. 

CaVILLa'J'OR, oris. m. (cavillor). L Ajeerer, 

caviller, a humorous person, Cic. II. A sopite 

ist, Sen. 

CaVILLOR, 1 V. n. anda. (cavilla). I. To ban- 
ter, mock, cavil, jeer, make sport, familiariter 
cum ipso etiam cavillor, Cic. WiJ.h ace. : c. togam 
ejus praitextam, Id. II, To reason cap- 
tiously, to quibble. Liv. 

CaVILLOLA, a;,/, (cavilla). A little cavil, 
qn irk, Plaut. 

CaVO. 1 V. a. fcavns). To hollow out, ex- 
cavate, c naves ex arboribus, Liv.; c. lintres ar- 
bore, Virg. Poet. : c. parmam gladio, to make a 
hollow in, i. e. to perforate, Ov. ; c. tegmina, to make 
round, to bend round, to form, Virg.; luna cavjins 
cornua, i. e. waning, Plin. 

CaVUM, i, n. (cavus). A hollow, hole, cavi- 
ty, l^iv.; Plin.; c. a;diura, /or cavaidium. 

CiVUS, a, um (akin to aKoirroi, to holloiD out, 
&c.). I. Hollow, hollowed, c. ilex, Hor.; c, 

concha, Vir,-' ; c. luna, decreasing, Plin. K. 

Fig. : c. menses, that have only thirty days {opp. 
pleni menses), Censor. 

CaVIJ.S, i, m. (sc. locus). A hollow, hole, Col. 

CIYriTRlUS. a, um. Of or beloriging to 
the Caystet, C. ales. i. e. a sican, Ov. 

C.iYSTROS or -U.S, i, m. (KiiioTpos). The Ca- 
ys ter, a river in Lydia celebrated for its swans, vow 
K'ichuk'Mein der, or Little Misander, Ov. ; Sen. 

Cft. A7i etnphalic pronominal suffix, Ukethe Greek 
i m ovTtwTi, tovtC, &.C. : bicce, hascce, hocce, &c., 
this One here, this very same^ &c. When 
the interrogative ne is added, ce is c/ianged into ci: 
hiccine, hoccine, siccine, iSic 

CkA (Ceos. Plin.). te,/. (.Ke'wy). Cea. one of the 
Cycladcs. opposite Suiiiiim^ the native place of the 
poet Simon id fs, now Zia, Plin.; Ov. 

CEBReN. enis (KejSpiJi-). Cebren, a river, and 
according to fable, the god of a river in Troas ; the 
father of (Euone and of Htsperia, who is for that 
reason rolled Cebrenis, Ov. ; StaL 

CECROPiA, is.f. I. The citadel of Athens, 
built by CrCi-nps, Plin. 11. Melon, poet, for Ath- 
ens^ Catull. 

CECRi3PIDES, as, ni. A male descendant 
of Cecrops, e. g. Theseua, Ov, Appellat. for a 
grandee, Juv. In the plnr., Cecropidue, arum, 
The A ihenians, Ov, 

CECR5PIS, idis./. L A female descendant 
of Ctcrops; his daughter Aglauros, Ov. In the 

plnr.: The dnughters of Pan d ton, Ov.- II. Me- 

ton.: Gen. for an Athe7iian woman, Jav.; and 
adj., Attic. Ov. 

CECRuPiUS, a, um. Of or belonffing to 
Cecrops, C. arx, the cilndtl built by Cecrops, Ov. 
II. Melon, gen.: Of or belonging to Ath- 
ens 01' Attica, Athenian, Ov,;~Virg.: C. co- 
thurnus, the style of tragedy peculiar to Aihais, Hor. 

CECROPS, 6pis, m. (KsKpo^). Cecrops, the 

most, ancimt king of Attica^ and the founder of the 
eitadri of Athens, Plyg. ; Cic. According to fable, 
lie was half human and half serpent ; hence, C. gem- 
inus, Ov. 

CeDO, cessi, ceesuro, 3 v. n. and a. (akin to ^a- 
^(u, Sa/iscr. chud^ to move). 1. Neiu. : 2'ogo,to 
go or walk about, to moiie. A) Prop. I) Gen.: 
nitidus qua quisque per ora c, Hor. 2) Esp. : To 
go or move from amj place, to go away, to 
leave, c. ex ingrata civitate, Cic. ? c. e vita, to die; 
fur which, c. vitd. Id. ; c. loco or ex loco, to leave 
one's post, Liv. ; Tac. ; c. foro, to leave the forum, as 
a merchant, &c., i. e. to become bankrupt, Sen. lit 
Law: c. poseeseione (alcui), to make over one's prop- 

erty to another i>erson, Cic, B) Fig. ]) To go on, 

proceed, turn out, come to an issue, res c, 
prospci-e, bene, optime, male, &c., Sail.; (3,uint.; 
Tac; Ov. 2) c. pro alqa re, T'o be the'valne 
of any thing, to be equal in value, to he the 
price of, oves binae pro singulis in fructu cedent, 
Cat. ; epultt) et largi apparatus pro stipendio ce- 
dunt, take the place of, Tac. 3) To pass by, to 
vanish, disappear, horae cedunt et dies et men- 
ses et auni, Cic. 4) c. aleui, or cedere simply. To 
get or go out of any body's to ay, to yield, to 
give way, to submit to, to put up with, -to 
bow to, Viriatho exercitus nostri imperatoresque 
cesserunt, Cic. ; c. loco iniquo, non hosti, Liv. ; 
c. alcui virtute, C^es. ; c. alcui inventione, Quint. 
5) c. alcui, J'o come to any one, as property; to 
fa II to any body's lot or share, to be allotted to 
any body, captiva corpora Romanis cessere, Liv. ; 
c, alcui in usura, Hor, 6) c. in alqd, To be turn- 
ed or changed into, to turn out, come to 
an issue, ipsa injuria cessit in gloriam artifici, 
Plin. n. Act.: c. alqd alcui, I'o cede, con- 
cede, give up any thing to any body, to make 
a concession ; grant, remit, transfer, make 
over, permitto, Cic; Liv.; Just, 

CicDO (Sa7iscr. kath, to speak ; Ice?, getta, to 
tell; Goth, quithan, to say, quitha, Isay; Eng. 
quoth), V. def. I say, I pray; used as an im- 
perative: give, bring hither, let, suffer. But 
cette for cedite is the imperative of cedo, to give, 
Cic. ; Plaut. ; Ter. 

CEDRINUS, a, um (KeSpivo?). Made of cedar- 
wood, c. trabes, Plin. 

CEDRIS, idis,/. (KeSpi's). The fruit or berry 
of the cedar, Plin. 

CEDRUS, i, /. (KdSpos). t A cedar, cedar- 
tree, which yields very fine oil, and has a durable 

and sweet- smelling wood, Plin. II. Melon, poet. : 

Oil of cedar, a preservative against insects, car- 
mina cedro linenda, worthy of preservation, Hor. ; 
cedro digna locutus, Pers. 

CELjEN.^, arum,/. (KeKaivaC). Celtznce, a 
city of Phrygia, at the sources of the Mceander and 
Marsyas, where, according to fable, the contest took 
place between Marsyas and Apollo, Luc. 

CEL.ffiNO, lis,/. Celano. 1. A daught&r of 
Atlas, one of the seven Pleiades, Ov. 2, One of the 
Harpies, Virg. Hence, appellat. for a covetous and 
grasping woman, Juv. 

CeLaTOR, oris, m. A concealer, hider, Luc. 

CeLIiBER. bris, bre (akin to calo, kAeos, &c.) 
That contains a mass or multitude, nu- 
merous. I. Gen.: c. gradus, quick, doubled, Att. 

ap. Non. ; c. verba, Ov. II. A) Esp. : Of places 

where jnany persons are moving^a^out : Populous, 

much frequented, in foro celeberrirao, Cic; 
celeberrimo virorum mulierumque convcntu, Id. ; 
c. et clarum oraculum, much visited or resorted to. 
Id. — B) 1) Meton. : Celebrated by a numerous as- 
sembly, solem7i, festive, ex multis diebus, quos 
in vita celeberrimos viderit, Cic. ; c. ludl. Suet, 
Hence, 2) Esp. : Distinguished, celebrated, 
vir c arte grammatica, Plin. ; tribunus plebia c opi- 
bus, gratia, amicitiis, tfec, Veil. ; c. quiaque ingeniu, 

CeLeBRaTIO, onis,/. (celebro). I. A numer- 
ous concourse or assembly of people, homi- 
num ccBtus et celebrationes obire, Cic. II. Me- 
ton. A) A solemn act, a solemnity, celebra- 
tion of a festival, c, \\idiOr\iin, Cic — B) Celebri- 
ty, equesti'es statu© Romanorum celebrationeiu 
habent, Plin. 

C£L£BRaTUS, a, um, L Fart, o/celebro. • 

II. Adj.: Usual, customary, frequent, quid 
porro in GraBCO sermone tam c. est, Cic. ; celebra- 
tum est usque in proverbium, Quint. III. Me- 
ton. A) Festive., solemn, brilliant, supplica- 
tio celebratior, Cic; c dies, Ov. — B) Celebra- 
ted, famous, known, Actiacas victorite memoria 
celebratior in po&terum, Suet. 

CeL^BRiTAS, atie,/. (celeber). L A numer- 
ous company or concourse of people, a 
great nvmhcror ni?i/iif Miie, in celebritate ju- 

diciorum, Cic; in maxima c were, Id. II. 

Meton. li) A solemn celebration, a brilliant 
feast or festival, a solemnity, c. suprerai 
diei, a solemn celebration of a funeral, Cic. — B) 
Renown, celebrity, fame, c. fai&iM, Cic. 

CkL-EBRO, 1 V. a. (celeber). L To frequent 
or visit a place often or in great 7i umbers, 
c domum tilcj;, Cic ; c. silvas, Ov. ; c penates, to 

return home, Tib. II. Meton. A) Tu do any 

thing frequently or in numbers, to take in 
hand often, to repeat, ad eas artes, quibus a 
pueris dediti fuimus, celebrandas, Cic. ; cognitio- 
nem exercitationemque, Id. ; celebratura id genus 

mortis, often resorted to, put in execution, Tac. B) 

c alqd alqa re. To fill any thing with, c. con- 
ciones convipio cantorum, Cic; c. ripas carmine, 
Ov. ; c juvenes raulto sermone, to speak often or a 

great deal with them, Tib. C) To celebrate, c- 

dies festos, Cic. ; Liv. ; Ov. ; c nuptias, Liv. D) 

1) To commend, to render famous, to extol, 
praise, celebrate, &c., c, no men alcjs sci'iptis, 
Cic ; c. alqm non modo in sermonibus sed apud 
patres, Tac. 2) To speak frequently of any 
thing, to make known, spread abroad, qua 
re celebrata, Cic. ; quod omnium vocibus maledic- 
tisque celebratum est, Id. 

CfiLER, eris, e. Superl., celerisslmuB, Enn. (ks- 
Ai]?, k4\\io, cello). Sw ift, quick, hasty. I. Cor- 
poreally : c. pennai, Hor. ; celer Mercurius, Id. ; 

c. venti, Id. II. Mentally and in an abstract 

sense. A) mens qua nihil est celerius, Cic. ; oratio- 
ne celeri dicere, Id. — B) In a bad sense: Hasty, 
precipitate, hot, celerioraquamtutioraconsilia, 

CeL£RES, .um (celer). I. The 300 mo7tnted 

body-guards of Romulus, Liv. II. The 

equestrian order, the knights, Plin. 

CeLeRiPES, edis (celer, pes). Swift-footed, 
fleet, Cic. 

C£LERliTAS, atis, / (celer). L Swiftness, 
quickness, c. pedum, Cic. ; c. corporum, Id. ; c. 


peditum, Cjes. II. Of spiritual and abstract 

objects : c. animorum, Cic. ; c. moriendi sensura 
aufert, Id. 

CkLKRITER, adv. (celer). Swiftly, quickly, 
hastily, librum tibi c. mittam, Cic. 

CeLeRO, 1 V. a. and n. (celer). I. Act. : To 

quicken, hasten, c. fugam in silvas, Virg. — ■ 

11. Neil I. : To hasten, Lucr. 

CSLES, etis, m. (kcAij?). A race-korse, Plin. 

CELeUS, ei, m. (KeAeoy). Celeus, kingofElev^ 
sis. the father of Triptolemus, whom Ceres instructed 
in agriculture, Ov. ; Virg. 

C£LEUSMA, atis, n. (K4\€v<Tfj.a) . The cry or 
word of exhortation, command given by a 
leader of a company of rowers, Mart. 

CELLA, ae, /. {Sanscr. cal, to cover over; Lat, 
celo; Gi\ KktCta). A room, cellar, star e-room 
for fruit, gr anary ; also a dwelliiig-place 
or abode for animals, Cic. ; Hor. ; c. columbarum, 
a -pigeon-house, Col, ; c anserum, a coop for geese. 
Id.; a cell in a honey- comb, Yirg.; an apartment for 
slaves, Cic, ; a buttery, a pantry, Id. ; a small chapel 
for the images of the gods, a shrine, Cic. ; Liv, ; a 
bath-room, Pall. 

CELLaRiUS, a, urn (cella). Of or belong- 
ing to a store-room or buttery, Plaut. 

CEI.LaRIUS, ii, m. A butler, steward, Col. 

CELL>t5LA, Ee, /. dim. (cella). A small room, 
cell, chamber, apartment. Col. 

CeLO, 1 V. a. {Sanscr. cal, to cover over). To 
conceal, hide, cover; usually with alqm alqd ; 
seldom de alqa re : non te celavi sermonem T. Am- 
pii, Cic. ; de arrais, de ferro, de insidiis c. te noluit, 
Id. ; res celatur alcui, is concealed from any one, 
Nep. ; c. yultus manibus, Ov. ; c. aurum, Hon ; 
c. alqm {without alqd), to conceal from any one, 

C£LOX, ocis, /. (sc. navis) {akin to celer, kcAyj?^). 
A fast-sailing yacht or ship, hiv.; a piratic- 
al ship, a corsair, Id. Adj.: Q,uick, fast, rapid, 

CELSITUDO, inis,/ (celsus). High or noble 
carriage, loftiness, c. corporis, size, Veil. 

CELSUS. a, um {akin to kcAAu, cello, ex-cello, 
collis). High, lofty, erect. I. Corporeal: deus 
homines celsos conatituit, Cic. ; c. vertex mentis, 

Cic. poet. ; c. Apenninus, Hor. II. Mentally. 

A) In a good sense: Beyond the vulgar, great, 
noble, elevated, sublime, celsus et erectus qua- 
lem sapientem esse volumua, Cic. ; quo generosior 
celsiorque eat. Quint; high in rank, elevated, 
great, in hanc eelsissimam sedem dignitatis atque 
honoris, Cic. — B) Haughty, proud, celsi in 
prcelium vadunt, Liv. ; c. Ramnes, Hor. 

CELSUS, i, m. Celsus, a celebrated physician 
under Augustus and IHberius. 

CELT^, arum, m. (KeAmt). The Celts, the 
great European tribe ; with the Romans, in a more 
limited sense, the inhabitants of Gaul, Caes. ; Plin. 

CELTIBeRI, orum, m. {KeKrC^-qpe?). The Cel- 
tiberJ, a warlike race, dwelling chtcjly in the central 
part of Spain, who derived their origin from the Cells 
and the Iberi; hence, Celtiberi, Cic.; Cffis. Sing., 
Celtiber, eri, c. One of the Celtiberi, Catull. 
Adj.: CeMber, era, erum. Of or belonging to 
the Celti beri. Mart. 

CELTiBeRIA, ffi,/. (KeXTLjSTjpt'a). Celtiberia, 
the country of the Celtiberi, Cic; Cajs. 

CENCHRE^, arum,/ (Kevvpeat). Ccnchreet, 

the eastern harbor of Corinth^ on the Sinus Saroni- 
cus, Mel,; Ov, 

CeNOMaNI, orum, m. (KevojuavoO- Cenoma- 
n i, a Celtic tribe of Gallia Cisalpina, Plin, ; Caee. 

CENSeO, sui, sum {rarely situm) (Sanscr. cans, 
to approve, to decide). I. A) To rate, assess; 
said of the censor who taxed the Roman citizens ac- 
cording to an estimate of their property : censores 
populi pecuniae ceneento, Cic. ; quinto quoque 
anno Sicilia tota censetur, Id, ; capite censi, the low- 
est or poorest class of the citizens, that were only en- 
tered in the lists according to their number, i. e, rated 

by the head, Gell. B) Melon. Of the person who 

ralep his property for the sake of being entered in the 
censor's list: To state one's property, to make a 
statement or return respecting one's property, 
Cic. ; in the latter sense it is also used as a deponent 
verb, censeor, Id. II. Fig. A) 1) To ap- 
praise, esteem, rate, value, make account 
of in quo censendum nil nisi dantia, amor, Ov. 
2) Esp.: censeri alqa re, To be esteemd or high- 
ly respected on, account of any thing. Sen.; Suet, 

B) Meton. 1^ Gen.: To judge of any thing, 

to take any thing to be, to consider, to think 
or esteem any thing right, serviceable, &c,, 
nunc, quoniam id temporis est, surgendum censeo, 
Cic. 2) Politically, a) Said of individual senators, 
To be of opinion, Cic, Of the SenaU collective- 
ly : To ordain, resolve^ decree, captivos red- 
dendos non censuit, Cic. ; senatus censuit uti, qui- 
cumque Galliam provinciam obtineret, .^duos de- 
fenderet, Ca^s. 

CENSiO. onis, /. (censeo). L A rating, as- 
sessing, Plaut. II. Meton. A) Correction, 

punishment {on the part of the censor). Feet. 
Hence, cornice •■ c. bubula, i. e. a censuring with oz- 
hide thongs, viz. a lash or whip, Plaut — B) Opin- 
ion, judgment, Symm. 

CENSITUS, a, um. See Censeo. 

CENSOR, oris, m. (censeo). L A censor, i.e. 
a magistrate at Rome who took an estimate of ike 
property of the citizens, and likewise watdted ooer 

their morals, Cic. II. Meton.: A severe 

J u dg e of morals, a censurer, Cic. ; Hor. 

CENSoRlNUS, i, m. Censorinus. 1. A cog- 
nomen in the gens Marcia. 2. A grammarian of the 
third century. 

CENSoRIUS, a, um (censor). I. Of or belong- 
ing to a censor, censorial, c, tabulas, the list 
of the censor, Cic. ; thus, c. severitas. Id. ; c. homo, 
that has been censor ; thus, Cato Censorius, Quint 

II. Meton.: Severe, censorious, c. gravi- 

tas. Cic. 

CENSORA, IB,/, (censor). \. The office of 
censor, censorship, Cic; Liv. 11. Judg- 
ment or opinion on a iking, criticism, ex- 
amination, c, virornm, Veil.; c. vini, Plin. 

CENSUS, ft, um. Fart, of censeo. 

CENSUS, lis, m. (censeo). I. The act of the ccti- 
sor in taking an account of the property, Sec, of the 
citize7is; the ceiisus, censum habere, Cic; ^or 

which, c. ngere, Liv. II. Meton. A) The list 

or register of the censor, non irrepsisse in 

censum, Cic. B) Property,- post es sions, 

riches, homo egens, sine censu, Cic. ; c. exiguua, 

CENTAURkUM or -tON, i, n. (k^v avpetov or 
KevTovpLov). The herb centaury, Plin.; Virg. 

CENTAUR2US, a, um. Of a centaur, Hor. 


CENTAURUS. i, m. (K4vTavpo<;). 1. A centaur, 
afabled beiiiff, half man and half horsey Ov. ; Virg. ; 

Hor, II. A cotistdlaliuji in ike souiliern Iiemi- 

sphere, Cic. III. The name of a ship {sc. na- 

vifl)»/.i C. magaa, Virg. 

CENTeNaKiUS, ji,um(centeni). Consisting 
of a hundred, pondera, Piin. ; c. fistula, of a 
hundred inches, Front. ; c. basilicaj, a hundred feet 
long, Cnpit. 

CENTkNI, te, a, num. distrib. (centum). A 
hundred every time, by hundreds, capit ille 
ex Buis prtediis sexcenta sestertia, ego centena ex 
meis, Cic. 

CENTESIMA, ». See Ckntksimus. 

CENTkSiMUS, a, um, num, ord. (centum). I. 
The hundredth, c. lux uh interitu Clodii, Cic. 
Subst., centesima, as,/, (sc. para), The hundredth 
part, paid as a tax, Tac ; as interest, i. e. 07ie per 
cent, a month, Cic. II. (/or centuplex) Hund- 
red-fold, Plin. 

CENTfCEPS, cipitie (centum, caput). That 
has a hundred heads, c. belua, i. e. Cerberus, 

CENTIES, adv. (centum). A hundred times, 
0. dictum, Ter. 

CENTiFOLIA (centum, folium). Having a 
hundred leaves, c. rosa, centifalia, Plin. 

CENTiMiNUS, a, um (centum, manua). Hav- 
ing a hundred hands, Hor. 

CENTIPLEX. See Centuplex. 

CENTO, onis, m. ((ceVrpwi/). I. A""- old rag, 
any thing made iip of rags, or patcfted ; as, a 
patched garment, coat, &c., Cws. ; a guilt of 
patchwork, Cato ; a pie,'£ of coarse cloth to protect 
Aoldiers from missile weapons, Ci«s. Prov.: cento- 
nes sarcire alcui, to fill one's head with idle stories, 

Pliiut. 11. A composition made vp of scraps from 

various authors, a cento, Auaon. 

CENTRoNES, um, m. (KeVrpwces)- The C en- 
trants, a Gallic tribe dwelling among the Graian 
Alps, and whose territory answered to the modern 
Tarantaise, Cass. 

CENTRUM, i, n. (jisvrpov). The middle of a 
circle, the centre, Plin, Meton. 1) The iiiner 
part of wood, of a precious stone, &c. ; the pith, 
grain, as of wood, &c., Plin. 

CENTUM, ind. num. {knarov, Sanscr. chata, 
Qoih. h u n d a, old /f. G. h u n t ). \. A hundred, 
C. dies penes accueatorem cum fuissent, Cic. ; c. et 
decern, Caes. II. Meton. poet, for a great num- 
ber: Many, very many, c. puer artium, Hor. 
Hence, Fr. cent. 

CENTUM CELLjE, arum,/ A seaport of Etru- 
tia, now Civita Vecchia,P\in. 

CENTUM-GeMINUS, a, um. Hundred-fold, 

CENTUMVIRaLIS, e (centumviri). Of or be- 
longing to the centumviri, or hundred judg- 
es, c. judicium, Cic. ; c. caus%. Id. 

CENTUMViRI, orum, m. A college consisting 
of a hundred judges, who took cognizance of private 
causes relating to property ; their number was prop- 
erly 105, Cic. ; Quint. ; Suet. 

CENTUNCtJLUS, i. m. dim. (cento). A cover- 
ing or garment made of rags or patches, 
a horse cloth, a small mattress, Liv. 

CENTtJPLEX, icis (centum, plico). Hundred- 
fold, Plaut. 

CJaNTepI*3tCiTUS,a,ujn(centuElex). A hufid- 

r&d-fold, centui>licato venire, to be sold a hwnd- 
redfold dnaret; Plin. 

CENTt5RiA. w,/. (centum). I. In Milit.: A di- 
vision of soldiers {originally iOO, irt later times fiO 
men), a century, a company, c. tres equitum, 
Liv. ; in legione sunt c. sexaginta, Cine. up. Cell. 

II. A squadron of a hundred horse, Liv. 

III. A century or division of the Roman people, Liv. 

CENTCRIaTIM, adv. (centuria). By centu- 
ries, c. product! milites idem jurant, Ckbs. ; tribu- 
tim et c. descripris ordinibus, Cic. 

CENTORKaTUS, lis, m. I. A division into 
centuries, Liv. IL The office of a cen- 
turion, Cic. 

CENTtJRiO, Ir.a. (centuria). To divide into 
centuries. In Milit.: juventutem centuriaverat 
arrnaveratque ad tales casus, Liv.: centuriati pedi- 
tes, Id. Of ike people in the comitia : comitin ceu- 
turiata, in which the people voted by centuries, Cic. ; 
c. lex, i. e. passed in the comitia centuriata. 

CENTtJRiO, onis, m. (centuria). In Milit. : A 
chief over a hundred, a centurion, Cic; 
Cffis. ; Liv. 

CENTtSRfoNATUS, us, m. (centurio). The 
election of centurions, Tac. 

CEOS, for Cea, Plin. 


CEPHXLLeNIA, « OHejiaWrfvia). Cephalic- 
nia, the largest island in the Ionian Sea, now Ceph- 
alonid, Plin. 

CePHaLUS, i, m. (Ke'^aAos). Cephalus, u 
grandson of Molus, the husband of Procris, Ov. 

CePHeIS, idis,/. A female descandant of 
Cepheus, i. e. Andromeda, Ov. 

CePHeiUS, a, um. Of or belonging to Ce~ 
pkeibs, C. vlrgo, i. e. Andromeda, Ov. Poet, for 
Ethiopian, Id. 

CePHEUS {d/ssylX ei, m. (Kv)c/>eus). Cepkeus, 
a king of Ethiopia, husband of Cassiope, father of 
Andromeda, father- in -law of Perseus, placed with them 
among the stars, Cic; Ov. 

CEPHEUS(iWs{///.), a, um. Of or belonging 
to Cepheus; also fur Ethiopian, Prop. 

CePHiSUS (OS) or CEPHlSSUti, i, m. (KT)<^to-d? 
or K-q^Ltro'o^). Cephissus. 1. A river in Phocis 
and BcEotia. Ov, ; as god of the river, the fathe?' of 
Narcissus, Ov. 2. A river to ike west of Athens, Ov. 

CERA, w., f (KTjpo?). L Wai, Cic. Or.; Plin. 

11. Meton. A) A tablet covered with wax 

for writing, Cic; Hor.; in codicis estrem(\.c., on 
the last page or lenf Id. ; prima c, Hor. ; in ima c, 

at the bottom of the page. Suet. B) A wax seal, 

Cic; Ov. C) A wax bust of an ancestor. Sail.; 

Ov. In theplur. : cerae, the busts of ancestors, placed 

in the atrium. UI. A substance of the nature of 

wax used for paiiting the skin, Plaut.; pitch or 
tar, used in ship-buUding, Ov. Hence, Fr. cire, 

CERAMlCUS,i,m. (Kepa^ittKos). The Cerami- 
cus, the name of two places within and without 
Athens; the latter contained the tombs atid statues 
of warriors fallen m battle and buried at the public 
expense. Cic, ; Plin. 

C£RiMiCU3, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Ceramus, C. Binn3,^the Gulf of Ceramus, Plin. 

CERARiUM, ii, n. (cera). A tax on wax, i.e. 
on seals, which were jnade of wax. Cic. 

CERASTES, te, or is, m. (Kepao-nj?, horned). 

t The horned serpent, Plin.;' Luc. IL A 


kind of horned insect or worm that destroys trees, 

CfiRXSUM. i, n. A cherry, Cels. ; Plin. 

CJoRISLfS, i, /- (Kcpacro^). A cherry-tree 
(brought by LuciiUiia frojii Cerasus, a loion of Poit- 
tvs, into Italy), Col. Hence, Fr. cerise. 

CeRaSUS, untis, / (Kepatrous). Ccrasus, a 
town of Poutiis {whence the cherry was brought into 
E'irope.; Sfe C'EiiASVB), now Kheresoun, Plin. 

CkRaTURI, i, n. (/cijpajTdi'). An unguent or 
pomatum made of wax; a wax-plaster, Cels.; 

CERaTuRA, ae, /. (cera). A waxing, a be- 
smearing with wax. Col. 

CERATU3, a, um. See Cero. 

CfcRAUNlA, oriim, ii.,foT Ceraunii, Ctes. 

CeRAUNII. orum {sc. muntes). The Cerau- 
nil, a ridge of mountains extending from thefronl- 
ir.r of lUyricum. along the coast of Epirus, now 
Monti drlla ChimtEra, Plin. 

CEREeRUS, i. m. (Kep^epog)- Cerberus, the 
three-headed dog of the infernal regions, Qv. ; Virg. ; 

CERCuRUS, i, m. (Kt'pKoupo^. I. Akind of light 
sailiug-i)essel having a long poop, a cutter, Liv. 
II. A sea-Jisk, Plin. 

CERDO, onis, m (/cepSwi', fcepSos). A loio me- 
chanic, an artisan, journ eyma7i,Juv.; c. eu- 
tor, a Cobbler, Mart. 

CftRllALlS. e. Of or belong ing to Ceres, 
C. nemug, sacred to Cires, Ov. ; C- papaver, Virg. ; 
C. dona, corn, bread, Ov. ; C. arma, lUensils for bak- 
ing bread, Virg. 

CftKfeBELLUM, i, n. (cerebrum). A small 
brain, Cels.; Plin. Hence, lial. cervello, Fr. 
cervelle, cerveau. 

CERkBRoSUS, a, um (cerebrum). Deranged 
in the brain, crazy, headstrong, hot-head- 
ed, Plaut. ; Hor. 

CkRkBRUM, i, n. (Sanscr. ciras. the head). I. 
The brain, Cic. ; Virg. IT. Metnn. A) Un- 
derstanding, sense, wisdom, Hor.: Suet. 

B) Angpr, Hai\ C) The pith of plants, Plin. 

CiiRES, eris, /. (epa, the earth; Lotin terrn). 
Ceres. I. The daughter nf Saturn and Ops, sister 
of Jupiter and Pluto, mother of Prosnpina, and the 

goddess of agrichlturr. Cic; Hor. 11. Miton. 

poet.: Corn, food, fr nit of the earth, X'lrz ; Ov, 

CeRkU.'^, n, um (cera). I. Of wax, wnxcn, c. 
effigit's, Hor,; c. imngo, Id.; c. CMStra, wax cells, \. 

e. a honey-comb, Virg. II. Melon. A) Of the 

color of wax, c. brnchia, Hor. ; c. prunsi, Virg. — 
B) As soft as wax, i. c. easy to be mov,cd or mould- 
ed, {.•rreu'^ in vitium flecti, Hor. 

CERflUS, i, m. (ceni). A wax taper, loax can- 
dle, Cic; i^en. 

CERKVISIA, IB. See Cervisia. 

CeRiFiCO, avi, i (cera, facio : prop., to make 
wax: hence of the purple-fish). To produce 
slime, Plin. 

Cf:RINTHA, pe. and -E, es,/. (KY]pCv9r]). Honey- 
wort, a sort of honeysuckle, much liked by bees, 
Virc ; Plin. 

C'ERNO, crevi, cretiim, ;{ {akin to jcptVo). to sepa- 
rate). I, Prop. : c. ntqd per cribrum, to pass throush 

a sieve, Cat. ; c. ftu-iniun cribro, Plin. II. Me- 

ton. A) To distinguish any thing clearly with 
the eyes, i. e. to perceive, see, discern, nos ne 
nunc quidem oculis ceriiimus ea, qua^ videmus, 

Cic. ; crania eic aperiam, ut ea c. oculis Tideamini, 

Id. B) 1) To discern mentally, to perceive, 

look through any thing, compreh end, dis- 
tinguish, quicquid animo cemimus, id omne ori- 
tur a scnsibus, Cic. ; vis et natura deorum noa 
.'5ensu, sed mente cernitur, Id. 2) J?.-y?. a) To de- 
cide or determine any thing doubtful or a giuir- 
rel {used instead of the mnre usual dccemere), quot- 
cumque senatus creverit populusque juaeerit, Cic, ; 
quid de Armenia cernerent, Tac. ; priusquam id 
sors cerneret, Liv. ; also, to decide by combat, to 
fight ; thus, c. ferro, Virg. ; c. pro patria, pro liberis, 
ifec, Sail, b) To decid e for, to resolve upon, 
to determiv e, te mibi amicam esse crevi, Phmt. 
Esp.: To determin e to enter upon an inhtrit- 
ance. c. bereditatem, Cic ; Liv. 

CERNt5LO, are, v. a. (eernuo). To throw with 
on e' s face on the ground, non evertit fortuna 
sed c. et allidit, Sen. 

CERNtJO, 1 V. a. and n. (cernuus). To throw 
or tumble down head foremost, npset, 
overturn, Varr. ap. Non.; Prud. 

CERNOUS, a, um (cerno). I. With the face 
turned toward the gronn dtJianging down the 

head, Virg. II. Snbst., cernuue, i, m., A rope- 

dujicer. tumbler, Lucil. np. Non. 

CeRO, 1 V. a. (cera). To cover nr overlay 
with wax, cerata tabella, Cic. ; ceratEB pennw, se- 
cured with wax, llor. 

CeRoMA, atis, 7j. (K7jpa,'p.a). I. An ointment 
made of wax aud oil, with whicJi wrestlers were anoint- 
ed, Plin.: Mart. H. Melon, A) The place in 

which wrestlers an o itt t e d themselves. 
Sen.; Plin. B) A wrestli ng, combat, Mart 

Ci;RoMATiCUS, a, um (»o)pwjiiaTtKos)- Anoint, 
ed with ceroma. .hiv, 

CiiRoSUS, a, um (cera). Full of wax, cmel, 

CF:RReUS, a, um (cerrus). Of or belonging 
to the holm-oak, c, glans, Plin. 

CERRUS, i, /. A kind of oak, a holm-oak, 

CERTAMEX.inis, /;. (certo). A strife, strug- 
gle, co n test. I. Gen.: In the public games, either • 
hostilely or otherwise, with arms or words, gladintori- 
um c. ; and. c. luctaiidi. Quint.; c. quinquennale, 
musicum, gynmicum, equestre. Suet ; c. quadri- 
g;irum. Id. ; c. honoris et dignitatis, capitis et fanjffi, 
Cic ; mngnum inter mortal'es c, vine corporie nn, 
ifec, Sail. Poet. : certamina ponere, to establish 
(ayiava TrpoTt'flevat), Virg. ; cert«mina divitiarum, a 

struggle for riches, Hor.^^^ 11. Esp.MHi-t.: Com- 

b<^t, fig ht, action, en ga gcinent, lit proBlium 
acri certamine, Hirt. ; in ip.-^o certamine pugnw, 
Liv. ; vario ccrlamine pusnatiim est, Cws. 

CKRTaTIM, adr. (ces-tb). With emulation, 
emulnu sly. earn estly, C\c.; Liv. 

CERTaTiO, onis. /. (certo). Any contest 
strife, .<:trnggle, combat, fight, relinquitur 
non mihi cum Torqualo. sed virtuti cum voluptate 
c, Cic ; inti^r amieos tit hone-ta c, Id. 

CERTE, (irfn. (certu.>»). 1. Certainly, surely, 
assure dly, in truth, i " rfeerf, fuit c id wquum, 
Cic. ; (iddit ea. quae c. vera sunt Id. ; ex Uteris c. 
scire pntui=tis. to know for ccriain. Id, In nffirminff 
any thing that has been said before: Indeed, to be 
sure, venerat, ^lt opinor, haic res in judicium. 
Certc, Cic. In making a reply : est miserum 
(mors), quoniam malum. Certe, to be sure^ as- 


furedly. -II. In a restricliee sense: But cer- 
tainly, surely, at least, yet, however, at all 
events, ut hominea mortem vel optare incipiant, 
vel c. timere desistant, Cic. ; res fortasse vers, c. 
graves, Id. 

CERTO, adv. (certus). With certainty, sure- 
ly, safely, ceriaiTiZ?/, &c., nihil ita exspectare, 
quasi c. futurum, Cic. ; quod te moleste ferre c, 
flcio, I knojofor certain or to a certainly, Id. 

CERTO, 1 V. intens. (cerno). I. To contest, 
strive together, vie, strug gle, to wage a 
strife, fight, contejtd (whether with weapons or 
by way of argument, Sec), utrum utilius Fabricio 
armis cum hoete c. an venenis, Cic. ; Hannibal, qui 
tot annos de imperio cum populo Romano certavit, 
Id. ; c. inter ee jure, to contend at law, to go to law, 
Id. ; c. cum usuris fructibus prtediorura, to en- 
deavor to pay a high interest out of the produce of 
theland8,lA, 11, Meton.gen.,wiihi7if.: To en- 
deavor, strive, aequales certat superare legendo, 
Ov. ; c. Phcebum superare canendo, Virg. ; c. tol- 
lere alqm tergeniinis honoribus, Hor. 

CERTUM, i, n. Certaitity. See Certus, II., b. 

CERTUS, a, um (cemo). I. A) Determined, 
decided, settled, resolved ; classically used in 
the neuter only, certum est (alcui): certum est om- 
nia dicere, Cic. ; c, est, non dare signum, Liv. B) 

Relating to a person: Determined, resolved 
(to do, &c., any thing), JEaeas jam certus eundi, 
Virg.; certus desciscendi, Tac. Poet, with inf.: c. 

mori, Virg. ; c. aequi, Val. Flac. II. Gen. A) 

1) a) Of any thing that has been settled, or about 
which /here is no doubt: Fixed, determined, 
certain, sure, to he depended upon, true, 
&c., consilium totius Galli^B in diem c. indicere, a 
fixed day, Caes. ; omnium aetatum c, est terminus, 
Id. ; c. limites, Hor. ; amicus c, certain, to be relied 
upon. Enn. ap. Cic. ; c. homines, safe people, that 
may he depended upon, Cic. ; adversus hostem nee 
spe nee animo certiorem, j?rmer, Liv. ; certus pro- 
misit Apollo, the unerring, Hor. ; certius fit illud 
Catonis, becomes still clearer or more evident, Cic. 
In the neut. absol. : Something certain, a cer- 
tainty, si quicquam humanorum certi est, Liv. ; 
neque tamen id ipsum certum habeo, know for cer- 
tain, Cic. 2) Of persons: Sure, certain of ajiy 
thing, certiorem facere alqm (de alqa re, alcjs rei, 
Kith ace. with inf., or with a relative clause), to in- 
form any body, to send word, intelligence, or inform- 
ation, to apprise any body of any thing, to let any 
body know, CfiBsarem de his rebus certiorem faci- 
ant,' CsBS. ; certiorem me sui consilii fecit, Cic. ; 
Csesarem c. faeiunt, sese, t&c, Cses. ; per explora- 

^ tor-es Ceesar c. factus, Id. B) Meton. (U is also 

'used instead of quidam, of an object whose existence 
is undoubted, but which is not accurately defined): 
habet certos sui studiosos, certain imitators, Cic. ; 
hunc certis rebus imperatia regnare jussit, certain 
duties. Id. 

CeRCLA, eb, /. dim. (cera). A small piece 
of wax, c. miniata, a kind of pencil for marking 
out incorrect passages in a book, Cic. ; for which, c. 
miniatula, Id. 

CeRUSSA, m,f. White-lead, Plin. ; Plaut. 

CeRUSSaTUS, a, um (cerussa). Painted 
with white-lead, c. buccs, Cic. 

CERVA, 8B,/. (cervus). I. ^ doe, hind, Plin.; 

Ov. II. Poet. gem,. : A deer, hart, Ov. ; Virg. ; 



CERVARiUS, a, um (cervus). Of or belong- 
ing to deer, c. lupus, a lynx, Plin,; c. venenum, 
a plant with which arrows were poisoned, Plin. 

CERVICAL, alie, n. (ceiTix). A pillow, bol- 
ster, Suet. ; Juv. 

CERViCtSLA, SB,/, dim. (cervix). I. A small, 

short neck, Cic; Quint. II. The neck of 

a hydraulic machine, Vitr. 

CERViNUS, a, um (cervus). Of or belong- 
ing to a stag, c. comu, an antler, Plin.; c. vel- 
lera, Ov,; c. senectus, extreme old age, Plin. 

CERVISIA or CEREVISIA, »,/. (o Gallic word ; 
compare Cymric cwru). Beer, ale, Plin. 

CERVIX, icis,/ (Sanscr. grova, neck,from gir, 
voice, gri, to cry). I. A) 7 he hinder part of 
the neck; also the neck, simply; with Cicero in 
theplur. only, gladius impendet illius beati cervici- 
bus, Cic. ; frangere c, to break any body's 7tcck, Id. 

I7i the sing., Liv, ; Quint. ; Ov., and elsewhere. 

B) Fig. : qui suis cervicibua tanta munia atque 
rempubl. sustinet, upon their shoulders, Cic. ; dare 

c. alcui rei, to submit to, to put up with, Id. II. 

Meton. of things: The neck of a bottle, machine, 
Slc'., Mart. ; Vitr. ; c. Peloponnesi, i, e. the isthmus 
of Corinth, Plin, 

CERVUS, i, m. (Greek khow;, Latin cornu). I, 

A stag, Plin.; Cic. II. Meton. in theplur.: 

The branches of a stag's horn, antlers. 
A) In Milit. : Stakes or palisades in the form 
of stag''s horns, chevaux defi-isc, Cekb. ; Liv. Hence, 
Ital. cerbio, Fr. cerf. 

CESPES, is. See Cjespes, 

CESSaTiO, onis, /, (cesso). I. A state of 
leisure or rest, idleness, inactivity, Epicu- 
rus nihil cessatione melius existimat, Cic. II, 

Meton.: A lying fallow (of afield), Col. 

CESSaTOR, oris, m. (cesso). A loiterer, an 
idler, Cic. 

CESSlO, onis,/. (cedo). Inlaw: A yielding, 
giving up, transfer, Cic. 

CESSO, Iv. intens. (cedo). To loiter, tarry, 
delay; to cease from action, give way. I, 
Prop.: si tabellarii non cessarint, Cic; cessantes 
concitare ad arma, Hor. ; c mori. Id. II. Me- 
ton. A) a) To he idle, to loiter about, to do 
nothing, to have or take a holiday, c. etlu- 
dere et ungi, Hor. ; c. per hibemum tempus, Liv. 
b) Of inanimate objects: To^eeaae, to rest, not 
to he practiced, cur cessantflamina tibise? Hor.; 
arae sine ture^elictEe c, remain unvisited, Ov. ; ter- 
ra c, lies uncultivated or fallow. Virg. ; Plin, ; ces- 
santem honorem dedit, a vacant office, Suet. 2) 
Poet. : c. alcui rei, to be at leisure for any thing, i. e. 
to apply one's self to, cultivate ; just as vacare alcui 
rei; c, amori, Prop. — B) 1) Not to be present, 
to he absent or wanting, voluntas c, Hor- 
2) Esp. in Law: Not to appear before a court, 

Suet C) Fig.: To err, to blunder, qui mul- 

tum cessat, &c., Hor. 

OESTRUM or -ON,i,n. (Kitrrpov). A graving- 
tool, burin, Plin. 

CESTUS or -OS, i, m. (worog ; prop, embroider- 
ed ; hence, suhsi.) I. A girdle, belt, strap. Cat. 
■ — II, Esp. The girdle of Venus, Mart. 

CESTUS. A boxer's glove, a gauntlet. 
See Cjestus. 

CeTaRiA, 36, /. (cete), A fish-pond of salt 
water, near the seaside, Plin. 

CeTaRIUM, ii, n. Sea Cktaria, Hor. 


CBTaRIUS, ii, m (cete). A fishmonger, Ter. 
ap. Cic. ; Col. 

C£.T&, on, 7t. pi. (kt^tij). Any large sea- fish, 
whales, dolphins, Virg. 

CeTeRA, adv. (ceterud). As to the rest, re- 
garding the rest, else, Bocchus praeter nomen 
c. ignarus populi Romani, Sail. ; virum c. egregium, 
Liv. ; c. laetus, Hor. ; c. Graius, Virg. See Cete- 


C£T£RoClUI or -QUIN, adv. (ceterus, qui). In 
other respects, otherwise, Cic. 

CeTeRUM, adv. In other respects, as to 
what remains, however, fcB(lera alia aliis legi- 
bus, c. eodem modo omnia fiuDt, Liv. After a ne- 
gation it stands for Although, yet, but, Liv.; 

C£T£RUS, a, um {the nom. sing, occurs nowhere ; 
the sing, in genfral is very rare, especially in Cice- 
ro) (eVepos). The other, remainder, rest, that 
is left. I. Plnr. I c. sophistas lusoa videmus a 
Socrate, Cic In the neut. absol. : et cetera, seldom 
cetera, And so on, ut illud Scipionis, Agas aael- 
lum et cetera, Cic. ; ea case dice, quse cemi poa- 

sunt, ut fundum, sedes, parietem, cetera, Id. 

IL Sing. : vestem et ceterura ornatum muliebrem, 
Cic. ; ceterum exercitum in subsidiis locat, Cebs. 

CS^-THeGUS, i, m. Cethegus, a Roman family 
■name nf the gens Cornelia. 

CeTRA (caetra), ee,/. {probably a Spanish word). 
A short leathern target or buckler, u.sed by 
the Spaniards and Moors, Liv. ; Virg. 

CeTRaTUS, a. ura (cetra). Furnished with 
the cetra, light- armed, c. cobors, Cajs. Sabst., 
cetrati, Targeteers, Cees. ; Liv. 

CETTE. Contraction for cedite, /rowi cedo. 

CeTUS, i, m., also CeTOS, n.. and plur. CETE 
(ktjtos). I. A large sea-fish, a whale, dol- 
phin, shark, &c., Plin.— \l. The name of a 

constellation, Vitr. 

CEU;flrf«. (from ce-re, as Jien and seu, from neve 
and aive). I. As, as it were, like as, pars ver- 
tere terga, c. quondam petiere rates, Virg. ; intus c. 
Stella luct't, Plin. ; c. quum, as, as when (in compari- 
sons), Virg.: Sen. II. For c. si, ^5 if, just 

as if in amamier as if, per aperta volans, c. 
liber habenis, asquora, Virg. 

CeUS, a. um. Of or belonging to the island 
Ceos. Ccan, C. Simonides, Cic. 

CeVA, fB, /. (IceL ku, kyr, cow). A kind of 
small cow. Col. * 

CEVi;:0, ere, v. n. I. To wag the tail. Mart. 
— 1[. Meton.: To flatter, faton, Pcrs. 

CEYX.ycis,m.(K^iif). 1. Cejjx, kingofTrachys, 
husband of Halcyone. He and his wife were changed 

into kingfishers, Ov, II. Plur., ccyces, um, m., 

Kingfishers (the females are called halcyonea), 

CrtABRIAS, £8, m. (Xa^ptas)- Chabrias, an 
Athenian general, whose life has been loritien by Ne- 

CHjEUONeA, ffl,/ (Xaipwreia). Charonca, a 
town of Bmutia, where Philip of Macedon defeated the 
Greeks; the birth-place of Plutarch ; 7iow the village 
of Cnpurna, Plin.; Liv. 

CHALCi^DON, or, more correctly, CALCHe- 
DON, onifl. / (KaAxTi^coi'). Calchedon, a town 
of Biihy/iia. npposite Byzantium, Plin. ; Luc. 

CHALCIDICUS, a, um. I. Of or belonging 
Id Chalcis, Ch. Euripiis, Cic; Ch. versus, by the 


poet Euphorion of Chalcis, Virg. IL Poet, me- 
ton.: Cumean (because Cuma was a colony of 
Chalcis), Ch. arx, i. e. CumtE, Virg. 

CHALCIS, idis,/. (XaAKt's)- Chalcis. 1. The 
capital of Fubcea, opposite Aulis, now Egripo or 
Negroponte, Plin. 2. A town of Syri.a, Plin. 

CHALD^I, orum (XoAfialot). The Chal 
daans, the ruling race in the Babylonian monarchy, 
celebrated for tficir skill in astronomy and astrology, 
Cic. IL Meton., CbaldiBUS, i, m., A sooth- 
sayer, astrologer. Cat. 

CHALDaICUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
the Chaldceans, Chaldean, Ch. genus praedi- 
cendi, Cic. 

CHaLyBeJUS, a, um (x^Av^). Of steel, Ov. (XciAv^es). The Chalybes, 
a people of Pontus, noted for skill in manufacturing 
steel, Plin. ; Virg. 

CHILYBS, ybis, m. L Steel, Plin.; Virg. . 

II. Melon.: Steel wares, e. g. abit, Luc; an dr- 
row-head. Id. ; an iron cage or prison, Val. Flac 

CHlM.iELION, onia and ontis (xafxaiXewv). I. 

Masc: A chameleon, Plin. IL Masc. and 

ftm.: A plant, car line-thistle, sow-thistle, 

CHXM^MeLON, i, n. ( xofiatjUTjAo)/). The herb 
chamomile, Plin. 

CHIMaVI, Drum, m. The Chamavi, a Ger- 
manic tribe, originally between the right bank of the 
Rhine and the River Lippe, afterward between the 
Wescrand the Elbe, Tac 

CHaON, onis, m. Ch a on, the brother ofHelenus, 
ancestor of the Chaones, Virg. 

CHaONES, um, m. (Xaoi'es). Chaones^ a peo- 
ple in the northwest of Epirus, Plin. 

CHaONiA, se, /. The country of the Cha- 
ones, Cic. ; Virg- 

CHaONIS, idis, /. Of or belonging to the 
Chaones, Cb. arbos, L e, an oak-tree, Ov. 

CHaONIUS, a, um. Of or belonging to the 
Chaon es ; poet., of or belongin g to Epirus. 
Ch. sinus, Ov. ; Cb. glans, Virg.; Ch. victus, /ood 
consisting of acorns, Claud. ; Ch. pater, i. e. Jupi- 
ter, from his oracle at Dodona, Virg. ; Ch. colurabffl 
at Dodona, Id. 

CHaOS (abl. Chao, gen. Cbtu, Serv.) n. (Xaos)- 
I. A vast void, a bottomless abyss, Ov.; per- 

sonifed, Yirg. II. Meton.: The shapeless pri' 

mordial mass of the universe. Chaos, Ov. 

CHIRACTER, ei-is, jft. (^apoKT^p). A) A mark 

engraven or burned into any thing, Col. B) Fig. : 

A character or style of writing or speaking, 

CHiRITES, um, /. (Xapires). The Graces 
(pure Latin Gratias) : there are usually three ; 
Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia, Ov. ; Plin. 

CHIRON, ontis, m. (Xiptav). Charon, son of 
Erebus, and ferryman of the LowerWorld, Cic; Virg. 

CHaRON'DAS. te. m. tXapiiJi-fias). Charondas, 
a celebrated lawgiver of Calana, Cic 

CHARTA, w,f. (6 xapTij?). I. Paper, made of 
the Egijptian papyrus, Plin. ; Cic. ; c dentata, pol- 
ished, glazed, Cic. IL Melon. A) The papy- 
rus, Plin. B A writing, letter, treatise, 

poem, (fee, Cic C) A thin leaf, plate, sheet, 

c. plumbea. Sunt. Hence, Fr. carte, charte, 

CHARTaRIUS, a.umCcbarta). Of or belong- 
ing to paper, paper, c officinfB, Plin. Subst,, 
chai'tarium, ii, n , .(4 re A ires, a library, Hierou. 


CHARTtJLA, ffl, /. dim. A 9mall leaf tn- 
sheet of paper, Cic. 

CHaRYBDIS, is, /. (Xapu05ts). Charybdis. 
1. A daJi^erous whirlpool betu'cen Italy and Sicily, 

opposite Scylla, Cic; Ov. II. Melon.: Any 

chiTig dangerous, Hor. 

CHASMA, atis, n. (^afr/ia). A gaping of the 
earth, a chasm. Sen. 

CIIATTI (Catti), orum, m. (Xclttoi). The Chat- 
ti or Catti, one of the most important nations of 
Germany, dwelling in the moderiL Hesse and adja- 
cent countries, Tac. 

CflAUCI, orum, m. The Chauci, a powerful 
nation of Gtimany, between the Amisia (Etns) and 
Albia CElbe). They wm-e divided by the VUurgis 
<^Weser) into Majores and Minores, Tac. 

CH£LyDRU3, i, m. (x^KuSpo^). A kind of am- 
phibious serpent, armed with a skin like the shell of a 
tortoise, Virg. 

CH£LYS (ace. chelyn, voc. chely), /. (xe'-Vu?)- 

I. A tortoise, Petr. Il.Meton.: A lyre {pure 

Lat. teatudo), Ov. ; Stat. 

CHERAGRA, sb. See Chibagba. 
_ CHERR5NESUS (Chersou.), i,/ (Xeppd;n)a-os or 
'Kep(r6vr}(Tos, peninsula). By way of eminence. The 
Thracian Peninsula on the Hellespont, The 
Chersonese, Plin. 


CHERUSCI, orum, m. Cherusci, in a strict 
sense, the Germanic tribe to the south of the Hartz 
Mountains ; but frequently, the great Germanic con- 
federation on both sides of the' rivers fVeser and 
Lippe, Tac. 

CHILO, onis, m. (Xt'Awv or Xet'Awi/). Chilo, one 
of the seven wise men of Greece, native ofLacedmmon, 

CHiMiERA, ffi,/. (Xijuttipo, a she-goat). Chivi ee- 
ra. I. A jire-breathing monster in Lyda, the fore 
part of whose body was that of a lion, the hind part 
that of a dragon, an d the middle that of a goat. It was 

killed by Bellerophon, Hor. ; Virg. II. A volcano 

or burning mountain of Lycia, Plin. III. The 

name of one of the ships of ^neas, Virg. 

CHiM^RiFfiRA, se,/ Lycia, producing the 
Chimara, Ov. 

CHIOS, ii, /. (Xt'os). Chios, an island of the 
^gean Sea, on the coast of Ionia, celebrated for its 
marble and wine, now Scio, Cic; Hor. 

CHIRAGRA (Cher.), as,/, (x^ipdypa). The gout 
in the hmi^d, Hor. 

CHlRIDoTUS, a, um (xetpifitoros). Furnished 
with slee\jcs, ch. tunica, Gell. 

CHlR5GRXPHUM,i,«.(x€ipoYpa(^oi/). I. One's 
own handwriting {pure Lat. manus) : quo me 
teste convincas? an chirographo? Cic. ; neque utar 

meo ch. neque signo. Id. II. Meton. A) Any 

thing writtmi with one^s own hand, Cic; Suet. 

B) A note of hand, bond under onds own 

hand, bill, Suet. 

CHf RON, onis, m. (XeCptov). Chiron, a centaur, 
the son of Saturn and PhUyra, renowned for medical 
skill and prophetic powers, Ov. • Virg. 

CHlRONOMIA, w,f. (xetpovo/iia). The art of 
gesticulation or using the hands properly in 
acting, speaking, &c.. Quint. 

CHlRONOMOS, i, c, and CHlRONOMoN, ontis 
(also in the Greek form, untis), m. {x^ipovQp.o% or 
xetpovofi-Siv). He that makes motio^ia with 
his hands, or gesticulates, Juv. 


CHIRURGIA, ae,/. (x«poupY^a). Surgery, Cela. 

CHIRURGUS, J, m. (xetpoupyos). A aurgeout 

CHIUS, a, um (Xto?). Of or belonging to 
the Island Chios, Ch. terra, Plin. [ Chium (jbc. vi- 
num), wine grown in Chios, Hor. 

CHLIMyDaTUS, a, um (chlamys). Wearing 
a military -cloak or travelling-cloak, Cic. 

CHLaMYS, ydla, /. (vAafivs). A Grecian mili- 
tary-cloak, a travelling-cloak, Cic; Ov. 

CHOASPES, is, m. (XodoTnjs). Choaspes, a 
rivLT of Susiana, celebrated for the clearness of its 
waters, of which alone the kings of Persia drank, now 
Kara- S a, Plin. 

CHCERlLUS,i,m. (Xoipt'Xoff). Choirilus, a bad 
poet in the suite of Alexander the Great, Hor. ; Curt. 

CHOLERA, ffl,/. (xoAe'pa). I. Gall, bile, Lampr. 
II. Meton.: Jaundice, Cels. 

OHOLSRiCUS, i, m. (voXeptKos). Afflicted 
with the jaundice, Cels. 

CHoLiAMBUS, i, m. (xt«jA.i«jx^os). Literally, a 
limping iambus, i.e. a verse the last foot of which, 
instead of a?t iambus, has a spondee, Diom. Also 
called scazon (o-Ko^wf). 

CHORDA, w,f. (xopfi^). I. An intestine, gut, 

Petr. II. Meton,: The string of a musical 

instrument, a chord, Cic; Hor. — — III. A cord 
or rope. Plant. 

CH5ReA, a;,/, (xopei'a). I. A dance in a circle 

to the sound of music, Virg. ; Ov. II. Meton. 

A) The circular motion of the stars, Varr. ap. 

CIIOReUS, i, m. ( vopeios) (jtc. pes). A metrical 
foot, afterward caiZea trochiEUs, — v, Cic. 

CHORiAMBUS, i, m. (xopta|U.j3o5)- -^ chori- 
amb us, a metrical font composed of a choreus and 
iambus, — ^^ ^^ — , Diom. 

CHORUS, i, VI. (vopos). I. A dance in a circle, 

Hor^Virg. II, Meton. concr. A) A chorus, 

a number ofpersojis singing or dancing, a group of 
singers vr dancers (esp. on the stage), Cic; Hor. 
Poet.: A host of stars, the heavenly host or 

bodies, Hor. B) Gen.: A host, band, group, 

Catilica stipatus choro juventutis, Cic ; ch. scrip- 
torum, vatum, pnellarum, Hor. 

CHRSMES, etis, or is. T/ie name of an old man 
in several comedies of Terence. 

CHRiA, be,/ (vpeia). In Rhet. : A sentence pro- 
posed as a theme for rhetorical exercise, Q,uint. 

CHRISTIaNUS, a, um (xpto-Ttai^ds). Chris- 
tian, relating to Christianity, Eutr. Subst., 
A Christian, Tac; Suet. 

CHRONICUS, a. um ( xpoviKos). Of or belong- 
ing to time, c libri, chronicles, Gell. Subst., 
chronica, orum, n.. Chronicles, Plin. 

CHRySeIS, idis, / (Xputrjjts). Daughter of 
Chryses, Chryseis. Her proper name was Asty- 
nome, Ov. 

CHRIFSES, ffi, m. (Xpu'tnjs). Chryses, priest of 
Apollo, of Chryse in Mysia, father of Astynome or 
Chryseis, Ov. 

CHRySIPPUS, i, m. (Xpuo-in-Tros). Chrysip- 
pus. a Stoic philosopher of Soli in Cilicia, the disci- 
ple of Cleanthes and Zeno, Cic ; Pers. 

CHRySOPRXSUS, i, m. (xpvtroirpao-oir). Chry- 
soprase, a precious stone of a light-green color^ 

CIBARiA, orum (in the sing.. Sen.), n- I. 
Means of nourishment, foad, board, fare^ 

fodderi provision^ victuals (for men or ant- 

mals), Cic. ; Ctes. ; Hor. II. Esp. : A quantity 

of corn allowed for use to the provincial ojjicers, a n 
allowance, ration, Cic. 

CiBaRiUM, ii, n. I. Means of nourish- 

mejit, usually cibaria, orum, Sen. II. The 

coarse or second flour that remains after the 
fine or first quality, Plln. 

CiB aRIUS. a, um (cibus). Of or belonging 
to food. I. Prop.: c. re8, a matter relating to 
food, Plaut. ; c. uva, Jit for eating, Plin. ; c. leges, 

against the luxury of the table, Cat. ap. Mbcf. 

II. Melon. A) Common, ordinary, c. panis, cotb- 
rfion or household bread, Cic. ; c. oleum, Col. 

CIBaTUS, u6, m. (cibo). Food, victuals, 
PUn. ; Gell. 

CIBO, 1 V. a. (cibus). To feed animals, Liv. 
epit. ; Suet. 

CiBoRIUM, ii, n. (Kt^aiptov). A drinking- 
cup, so called from its resemblance to the pod of the 
Egyptian bean, Hor. 

CiBUS, i, m. {akin to capio and Kd.irT(o, T swallow). 
Any thing which is eaten by men or animals ; Food, 
victuals, prov isions, aliment, fodder. I. 
A) Prop. : quibue cibus erat caro ferina atque humi 

pabulum. Sail.; c. sumere ; c. capere, Ter. B) 

Melon., of plants : Nutr iment, nourishment, 
cibus arborum imber, Plin. ; c. diffunditur per 
truncos ac ramos, Lucr. II. Fig.: Nour- 
ishment, food, humanitatis cibus, Cic; c. furo- 
ris, Ov. 

ClBrRA, ffi, /. (Kt'^vpci). Cibyra, a lowJi of 
Phrygia Major on the frontiers of Caria, celebrated 
for its manufactures, and the seat of a Roman court 
ofjusticfi, Cic. 

CiByRaTICUS, a, um. Of or belonging to 
Cibyra, c. forum, Cic; c negotia, Hor. 

CICaDA, ae, /. I. An insect that sits on trees and 
makes a shrill noise with its wing-cases, A cicada, 

Plin.; Virg. 11. Melon, poet. : Summer, Juv. 

Hence, Ilat. cicala, French cigale. 

CiCaTRTCoSUS, a, um (cicatrix). I. Full of 

or covered with scars, c. facies, Quint. II. 

-^'^■1 "/ ^ con'ected or polished writing, c opera, 

CICaTRiCOLA, 88,/. dim. (cicatrix). A small 
scar, Cela. 

CICATRIX, icis,/, (akin to ctsdo). The scar 
of a wound. I. A) Prop., Cic; Ov. ; c. adversa, 

a wound rcrrircd in front; c. ducerc, Liv. B) 

Meton. 1) Of plants: The mark of an incision. 
Virg.; Plin. 2) The sea m of a mended shoe, Juv. 

• II. Fig.: A healed wound, a scar, rei- 

publicEe cicatrix, Cic; ne vulneribus mederetur, 
eed cicatricibus, already covered with scars. 

CICCUS, i. m. (kiVkos, the soft skin surrounding 
each of the pips nf a pomegranate, hence), .4 trifle, 
bagatelle, cicuum non interduim, / would not 
give a fig, I'laut. 

CiCER, 6ris. u. Chick-pea, a kind of pulse, 
vetch, c. nrietinum, Hor, ; Plin. 

CICERCOLA. a:-, /. dim. (citera). A kind of 
small cicer, a little r>ctch, Cof. 

CtCERO, onis, m. (KiKc'pcur). 1 M. Tnllius 
Cicero, the chief of Roman orators, born at Arpi- 
numon the \id of January, B.C. 106, assassinated by 
some innrrnar/rs if .-tritoniils, B,C 43. '2. Q. Tul- 
lius Cicero, his brother, the author of the writing 
de Potitione Consulatus. 


CICkRoNIaNUS, a, um. Of or belonging 
to Cicero, Ciceronian, C. eimplicitas, Plin.; C. 
aquEB, at the villa of Cicero at Puteoli, Id, 

CiCHoRIUM [cichoreum, Hor.]. n. (KLj(6fiiQv, 
Kixopeia). Succory, c. intybus, endive, Plin. 

CiCI, ind. n. (kUi). The palma Christi, or 
castor-oil plant, an Egyptian shrub, otherwist 
called croton, Plin. 

CiCINDeLA, £6,/. (candela). A glow-worm, 

CiCtNUS, a, ura (cici). Of the castor-oil 
plant, oleum c, the oil of the cici (tree), castQr-oU, 

CICQNES,um (KCkov^^). Cicones, a Thracian 
people, on the Hebrus, Virg. ; Plin. 

CiCoNiA, SB, /. (akin to cycnus). I. A stork, 

Plin. ; Cic II. Meton. : A derisory conformaxion 

of the fingers, imitating the form of a stork's bill, Pers. 

CICUR, iiris. I. Tame, tamed, domestic, 

cicurum bestiarum (genera), Cic. II. Fig.: 

Mild, gentle, Varr. ; c consilium, ^Trurfe/z?, Pac. 

CiCtJTA, 83./. I. Hemlock, c. virosa, Plin,; 

Hor. II. Meton. A) A poison extracted from this 

plant, Pers. B) A pipe made of its stalk, Virg. 

CiCtJTA, EB, m. Cicuta, the name of a certain 
usurer, Hor. 

CIDaRIS. is, /, and CIDAR, ris, n. (a Persian 
word). A royal tiara or turban. Curt. 

CIeO, civi, citum, 2 [a7iotherform, cio, cire, Lucr. ; 
Mart] V. a. To put in motion, to move, stir, 
shake, &.C. I. Prop. A.) Gen.: naturse omnia cien- 
tis motibus et mutationibus suis, Cie. ; Nereus ciet 
wquora, disturbs, agitates, Virg.; puppes sinistror- 

Buni cita3, driven, Hor. B) Esp. 1) In Law: c.herc- 

tum, to make an inheritance movable, i.e. to divide 
or distribute il, Cic. 2) To arouse, excite, call 
out, challenge, call to assistance, c ad ar- 
ma, Liv. ; c. viros sere, Virg. ; c. noctumos manea, 
to move, stir; hence, to invoke, Virg.; c. non homi- 
nes tantum sed foedera et deos, to call to assistance, 
Liv. 3) To call upon, to name, to call over 
{iiames), iiomen utrumque ciet, Ov. ; c singulos 
nomine, Tac. ; c patrem, to give the name of on^s 
father, to prove one's birth, hiv. 4) To call forth, 
to produce, c. lacrimas, Virg. b) 7k Medic.: c, 

alvum, to move, promote the action of, Plin. 

II. Fig. : To move, stir, excite, cause, induce, 
ex corporis totiug natuja et figura varios motus 
cieri, brought forth, produced, Cic ; c tinnitus, Virg. ; 
c bellum, prcelium, pugnam, Liv.; Tac 

CILICES, um, m. (KtAiJcey). Cilicians, Cic. 

CiLiCIA, m, f. (KtAiKid), Cilicia, a country 
in the south of Asia Minor, between Pampkylia and 
Syria, now Ejalet Itshil, Plin.; Cic 

CILiCiENSIS.e. Of or belonging to CiU- 
cia, Cilician, C. provincia, Cic 

CiLiCIUM, ii, n. (kiXCkiov). A coarse clotk 
made of the hair of Cilician goats, worn by soldiers 
and sailors, Cic. ; Liv. 

CiLtCiUS, a,um. Of or belonging to Cili- 
cia, Cilician, C. mare, Plin. 

CILISS,\, 8e,/, Cilician^ C. terra, Cilicia,Ov.\ 
C. spica, i. e. saffron, Id. ; Prop. 

CILIUM, ii, 71. (related to kv\C<;, icu'Aa). I. Tkt 
eyelid, PUn. IL The. eyelash, Plin. 

CILIX,icis(KiAi|). Cilician, C. crocus, Lucr. 

CtLLA (Cylla), ee,/. (KiKko.). Cilia, a townqf 
3^olis, where Apollo was worshipped, Ov, 

CILNIUS, a (Etrusc. Cfelne or Cfenle). The 


name of a celebrated Etruecan gens, from which Mce- 
csnas was descended, Liv. 

CIMBER, bri, m. A Roman cognomen: L.Tillius 
Cimber, one of the assassins of CtEsar, Cie. 

CIMBER, a, um. ^ee Cimbri. 

CIMBRI, orum, m. Cimbri, a north German 
tribe, inhabiting Jutland, Schlesioig, and Hohtein ; 
they were defeated by Mariu-s on their invasion of 
Italy, Cifis. ; Tac. In the sing, adj.: Cimbrian, 
C. triumpho, Ov. 

CIMBRICUS, a, urn. Of or belonging to 
the Cimbri, C. scutum, Cic. 

CiiMEX, icis, m. {rarely f). A bug, bed-bug, 
Plin. ; Catull. As a term of reproach : c. Pantilius, 

CiMlNIUS, a,um. Of or belonging to Cimi- 
nus. C. lacus, Col.; C. silva, Liv. 

ClMlNUS,i,m. Cimin